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Journal of Gerontological Social Work

Tiffany R Washington, Jacqueline A Tachman
The current study describes a community-university partnership to support a gerontological social work student-delivered respite program, the Houseguest Program (Houseguest). Houseguest was designed using a community-engaged scholarship model of integrating research, teaching, and service. Houseguest was piloted with a small group of community-dwelling, co-residing dementia caregivers and care recipients. We examined caregivers' experiences with student-delivered respite using qualitative data analysis. Thematic analysis produced eight themes: 1) respite from full time caregiving role; 2) information on caregiving strategies; 3) no-cost supportive services; 4) opportunity for care recipients to socialize; 5) tailored activities for care recipients; 6) rapport-building between students and family dyad; 7) reciprocity between students and family dyad; and 8) program continuation...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Nicole Ruggiano, Andreja Lukic, Anita Blowers, Jill Doerner
The population of aging prisoners has increased significantly over the past several decades, resulting in concerns about the criminal justice system's ability to address the needs of prisoners and parolees with chronic health conditions. This is troubling, given the health disparities among incarcerated populations. Health self-management has become a strategy within the community-based health care industry to improve health services and outcomes while reducing health care costs for non-incarcerated individuals with chronic conditions...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Miyuki Inaba
This paper provides a brief overview of the situation of the elderly and their caregivers in Japan, including demographic changes in Japan, development and changes in long-term care policy that have targeted the poorly integrated community care system, and other challenges that the elderly and family caregivers face. Policy direction designed to address these issues is increasingly targeting care by "the community" versus support care by "society" (which was initially the main strategy). The potential of empowerment-oriented community development intervention strategies to decrease the gap between available institutional and formal community-based services and the needs of the elderly and their families in their efforts to meet late life challenges is described...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Sharon D Koehn, Atiya N Mahmood, Sarah Stott-Eveneshen
This pilot project asked, how do ethnically diverse older adult residents of Assisted Living (AL) facilities in British Columbia (BC) experience quality of life? And, what role, if any, do organizational and physical environmental features play in influencing how quality of life is experienced? The study was conducted at three AL sites in BC: two ethnoculturally-targeted and one non-targeted. Environmental audits at each site captured descriptive data on policies, fees, rules, staffing, meals, and activities, and the built environment of the AL building and neighbourhood...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Justine McGovern, Dwayne Brown, Vita Gasparro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Kathleen H Powell
Older adults who live in residential neighborhoods adjacent to college and university campuses have a unique experience that makes them vulnerable to marginalization and displacement. As these neighborhoods become increasingly dominated by college students living in rental properties, older adults find themselves in the minority in a neighborhood where they have lived for many years. In addition, these neighborhoods are attractive to universities, city governments, and private companies for their development potential, which can result in gentrification...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Anne P Glass
Social isolation has serious negative public health impacts for older adults. Survey data were collected at three resident-managed elder intentional neighborhoods in the U.S. (n = 59), to determine if these neighborhoods, each based on the cohousing model, promote development of social resources for their residents. Social resources were measured on three dimensions: social networks, neighborly support, and satisfaction with the neighborhood community. Respondents were white, mean age of 73.3 (range = 63-91), primarily female (76...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Juyoung Park, David Newman, Ruth McCaffrey, Jacinto J Garrido, Mary Lou Riccio, Patricia Liehr
Chair yoga (CY), a mind-body therapy, is a safe nonpharmacological approach for managing osteoarthritis (OA) in older adults who cannot participate in standing exercise. However, there is no linguistically tailored CY program for those with limited English Proficiency (LEP). This two-arm randomized controlled trial compared the effects of a linguistically tailored yoga program (English and Spanish versions) on the outcomes of pain, physical function, and psychosocial factors compared to the effects of a linguistically tailored Health Education Program (HEP; English and Spanish versions)...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Huei-Wern Shen, Nidhi Khosla
Advance care planning (ACP) increases the likelihood patients will receive end-of-life care that is congruent with their preferences and lowers stress among both patients and caregivers. Previous efforts to increase ACP have mainly focused on information provision in the very late stage of life. This study examines whether a relationship exists between volunteering and ACP, and whether this relationship is associated with social support. The sample comprises 877 individuals who were aged 55+ in 2008, and were deceased before 2010...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Megumi Inoue
This study investigated sociodemographic and psychosocial factors that enhance or impede the completion of advance care planning, analyzing data from the Health and Retirement Study. The analytic subsample included the panel participants who died between 2006 and 2010 and who had answered the psychosocial and lifestyle questionnaire when they were alive. Multinomial logistic regression was executed to answer the research question (N = 1,056). The study found that persons who were older, who were female, who identified themselves as white, and who had higher levels of income and education were more likely to be motivated to complete advance care planning...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Ernest Gonzales, Huei-Wern Shen, Yi Wang, Linda Sprague Martinez, Julie Norstrand
Although the historical impact of racial segregation and ongoing health and economic inequities between older Black and White adults is well documented, little is known about the relationships among race, individual- and neighborhood-resources, and formal volunteering in later life. This study explores this intersection. Individual-level data from 268 respondents aged 55+ were collected in the St. Louis metropolitan area through paper-based mail surveys. Objective neighborhood data were obtained at the zip code level from secondary sources and matched with respondents...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Kimberly P McClive-Reed, Zvi D Gellis
This article presents findings from an annual program survey of residents of a horizontal neighborhood naturally occurring retirement community (NNORC). The study explored the relationship between several factors (age, co-residents, number of chronic illnesses, self-reported health, loneliness, sense of mastery, locus of control, pain, and psychological distress) and their ability to predict general health, level of psychological distress, and the quantity and type of help-seeking behaviors. Although residents generally reported moderate to high levels of chronic disease, pain, loneliness, and concerns about life issues, 25% of them sought no help from any of the listed resources, and 65% sought help from only one of seven resources...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Michelle Putnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Perla Werner, Israel Issi Doron
The expected increase in the number of people living with Alzheimer's disease (AD) worldwide will be accompanied by an increase in the number of cases involving persons with AD brought up to the courts. This study examined the perceptions and experiences of social workers and lawyers regarding these cases. Three focus groups including social workers and lawyers (n = 26) were conducted. Two main themes were raised by the participants: (a) the role of social workers and lawyers in court cases regarding AD, and (b) the need for improving legal encounters involving persons with AD...
August 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Amanda Grenier, Tamara Sussman, Rachel Barken, Valerie Bourgeois-Guérin, David Rothwell
Homelessness among older people in Canada is both a growing concern, and an emerging field of study. This article reports thematic results of qualitative interviews with 40 people aged 46 to 75, carried out as part of a mixed-methods study of older people who are homeless in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Our participants included people with histories of homelessness (n = 14) and persons new to homelessness in later life (n = 26). Interviews focused on experiences at the intersections of aging and homelessness including social relationships, the challenges of living on the streets and in shelters in later life, and the future...
August 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Susanne Klawetter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Leah M Haverhals, Chelsea E Manheim, Carrie V Gilman, Jacqueline Jones, Cari Levy
The Veteran's Health Administration's Medical Foster Home program offers a unique long-term care option for veterans who require nursing-home- or assisted-living-level care. Veterans in a medical foster home reside with community-based caregivers who provide 24-hr-a-day care and monitoring. The veterans often remain in the medical foster home until end of life. Support and oversight is provided to the caregiver from the Veteran's Health Administration's community-based medical team. This qualitative descriptive study is based on secondary analysis of interviews with 20 medical foster home caregivers from 7 programs across the United States...
August 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Lori Hill
The purpose of this grounded theory study was to understand the processes, motivations, and reasons for Aboriginal grandmothers assuming the full-time caregiving role for their grandchildren. Fifteen Haudenosaunee grandmothers who were from the Six Nations community participated in this study. The results indicate that a series of complex factors, circumstances, and processes contributed to them caring for their grandchildren. Of particular significance is that, prior to assuming their full-time caregiving roles, they had intermittently cared for their grandchildren as a means of preventing family breakdown...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette, Kyoung Hag Lee, Yeon-Shim Lee, Scott D Easton
Research on depression and intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by Indigenous older adults is virtually nonexistent. Given the associations between IPV and depression and their disproportionately high rates among Indigenous peoples in a context of historical oppression, the purpose of this inquiry is to examine how IPV and social support are associated with depressive symptoms for Indigenous older adults. We expand the knowledge base on IPV in later life, which primarily focuses on female samples, by including older men...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Penelope Ann Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
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