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Journal of Gerontological Social Work

Heather Larkin, Amanda Aykanian, Erica Dean, Eunju Lee
Knowledge is limited on how substance use history is associated with childhood adversities and mental health issues among poor older adults. Previous research on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) shows strong correlations between accumulated early adversity and later life health risks, including substance use and mental health problems. The current study is among the first to examine the relationship between ACEs, substance use, and anxiety in a sample of older adults living in public housing. Results show that roughly one-third of participants had an ACE score of four or more...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Allyson M Washburn, Melanie Grossman
Person-centered care has emerged over the last several decades as the benchmark for providing quality care for diverse populations, including older adults with multiple chronic conditions that affect daily life. This paper critiques current conceptualizations of person-centered care, including the social work competencies recently developed by the Council on Social Work Education, finding that they do not fully incorporate certain key elements that would make them authentically person-centered. In addition to integrating traditional social work values and practice, social work's person-centered care should be grounded in the principles of classical Rogerian person-centered counseling and an expanded conceptualization of personhood that incorporates Kitwood's concepts for working with persons with dementia...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Louanne Bakk, Tamara Cadet, Laura Lien, Angela Smalley
Home modification is an intervention that can improve functional performance and lower injury or fall risk. This study investigated racial and ethnic disparities in modification use among Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older, and factors that can account for differences in utilization. Data from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study were used (n = 6,764). Logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between race, ethnicity, and three bathroom modification measures, and whether predisposing, need, and enabling factors account for utilization differences...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
David B Miller, M Terry Hokenstad, Kristen Berg
In recent years, research on Americans' retirement readiness indicates a wide range of preparedness for the golden years. Struggling to recover from the economic downturn of the Great Recession, millions of Americans maintain inadequate savings needed to maintain their post-employment standard of living. Described as a "crisis" by researchers, retirement for some Americans may include significant choices regarding continued employment and utilization of social welfare services. This paper describes the factors contributing to the present retirement crisis and what roles social workers can play in addressing the needs of older retirees...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Noell L Rowan, Kelsey Beyer
This study explored issues of culturally sensitive health care practice and needs among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender aging adults in coastal North Carolina. Survey data from 2013 to 2015 were analyzed using frequencies and logistic regression on concerns with culturally sensitive health needs for the LGBT aging adult population. Results indicated that the largest problem was a history of being verbally harassed (n = 115; 51.57%) and a need for more culturally sensitive health care provisions. A large majority of participants requested an improvement in offering of LGBT specific social activities (n = 149), recreational activities (n = 116), and art and cultural activities (n = 112)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Mary A Caplan, Tiffany R Washington, Lauren Swanner
How social workers define and assess poverty is a matter of economic and social justice. Recent conceptual and measurement advances point to a multidimensional definition of poverty which captures material, social, and political deprivations. Using data from a survey, this article describes how nephrology social workers assess poverty among older adults living with a chronic kidney disease (N = 52). Results suggest respondents already conceive of poverty as a multidimensional experience, support awareness-raising about poverty, and primarily assess poverty by employment status, income, access to transportation, and education...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
KyongWeon Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Marion Zwygart, Alain Plattet, Sarah Ammor
This paper presents a case study based on the "Neighborhood in Solidarity" methodology to illustrate its application in a locality of 8000 inhabitants in Switzerland. This specific project is proposed to exemplify the global aim of the "Neighborhood in Solidarity" methodology. That aim is to increase the integration of elderly persons in societies in order to improve their quality of life. The case study demonstrates the enhancement of the capacity of the older people to remain actively engaged in their neighborhood...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Sophie Sartain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Carrie L Graham, Andrew E Scharlach
Villages are a relatively new, consumer-directed model that brings together older adults in a community who have a mutual interest in aging in place. These membership organizations provide social and civic engagement opportunities, volunteer provided support services, and referral to vetted community providers to achieve their primary goals of promoting independence and preventing undesired relocations. This cross sectional survey of 1,753 active Village members from 28 Villages across the US measured members' perceived impacts in the areas of social connection, civic engagement, service access, health and well-being, and ability to age in place...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Cory B Dennis, Thomas D Davis, Janet Chang, Carolyn McAllister
OBJECTIVES: Because behavioral problems often emerge from maladaptive coping methods, we investigated whether unmet basic psychological needs evolve toward a level of psychological vulnerability that puts older adults who gamble at risk for becoming problem gamblers. METHODS: Data from a community sample of 379 adults ages 60 and above were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Participants responded to items regarding their demographics, gambling frequency, engagement in at-risk gambling behaviors, and the extent to which their basic psychological needs were met...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Michael D Pelts, Colleen Galambos
Due to societally imposed stigmatization, lesbian and gay (LG) older adults fear and prolong accessing long-term care (LTC) even though they need LTC at higher rates. Interventions that decrease negative attitudes toward LG older adults among LTC staff are a first step in addressing this problem. In this study, the influence of intergroup contact (IGC) on LTC staff members' attitudes toward LG was explored through the use of storytelling as a training mechanism. An embedded mixed-method approach was employed to collect and analyze responses of 60 LTC staff who participated in a storytelling event...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Janice McCall, Melissa Brusoski, Daniel Rosen
This study reports on the importance of monitoring suicide ideation among older adult research participants. A recently completed randomized controlled trial of older adults who are current clients in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) served as a case study to elucidate a suicide protocol that was designed to account for the potential instances of suicide ideation within the research project structure. As the numbers of older adult heroin users increases, this study's findings seek to influence research protocols that involve older adults with addictions who may be particularly vulnerable to suicide risk due to comorbid psychiatric conditions and psychosocial adversities...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Gerald Cochran, Daniel Rosen, Rebecca M McCarthy, Rafael J Engel
Limited research is available regarding the health risks associated with opioid medication misuse among middle age (50-64 years) and older adults (65 and older). Understanding the misuse symptom risk profiles of these populations has potential to advance the national opioid epidemic response. A survey was conducted in four community pharmacies in southwestern Pennsylvania among adult, non-cancer patients filling opioid medications (N = 318) regarding opioid medication misuse symptoms and misuse risk factors...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Sojung Park, BoRin Kim, Eunsun Kwon, Hyunjoo Lee
This study examined how older adults' living arrangements and poverty status affected their use of in-home health, functional, and out-of-home services over time. Using eight waves of data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study, we employed a logistic mixed-effect model to analyze how poverty and living arrangements affect community-based service use. Living-alone older adults and elder-only couples were more likely than co-residing households to use services. Elder-only couples, when poor, were more likely to use in-home and out-of-home services over time...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Scott E Wilks, Daphne S Cain, Kellie B Reed-Ashcraft, Jen Geiger
The purpose of this study was to conduct a preliminary evaluation of a gerontology specialization program (GSP) within a Council on Social Work Education (CSWE)-accredited master of social work (MSW) program. This study utilized a pretest/posttest design with a three-group comparison: group 1-GSP students; group 2-students from the group 1 program but not in GSP; and group 3-students at two external MSW programs with no GSPs. The overall sample comprised 220 advanced year students. A CSWE Gero-Ed Center/Hartford Partnership empirical measure was used to assess overall, gero social work practice competency...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Abigail Ornellas, Lambert K Engelbrecht, María-Asunción Martínez-Román, Juan Tortosa-Martínez, José Luís Casanova, Maria das Dores Guerreiro
In Portugal, Spain and South Africa, there has been a noted anti-neoliberal resistance, marked by the significant participation of the older generation in protest movements. Changing demographics, the global financial crisis, unemployment, poverty, and the reliance of the family nucleus on the pensioner, coupled with neoliberal and austerity-based reductions to welfare programmes, pensions, health, and social care, has caused the "silver revolution". As a population group that is often considered to be less politically active and robust members of society, such resistance is a noteworthy moment in society that needs to be considered and responded to...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
V J Miller, N L Fields, G Adorno, A Smith-Osborne
Growing numbers of seniors across the United States require skilled nursing facility care after an inpatient hospital stay. Previous studies indicate that roughly 20 percent of all hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries are admitted to a skilled nursing facility following a qualifying hospital stay. Social workers address psychosocial problems, social support, networks, and healthcare needs during transitions in care, particularly discharge planning. Ecosystems perspective and the eco-map as a discharge planning tool is presented...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Michelle Putnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Ilyan Ferrer, Shari Brotman, Amanda Grenier
This article illustrates the concept of reciprocity in the context of immigrant families. It recommends that definition of reciprocity account for exchanges beyond the immediate family, and render visible the simultaneous location of older people as care recipients and providers, and care arrangements across generations, borders, community, and time. Adopting a critical ethnographic study on the aging and care experiences of older Filipinos in Canada, this article analyzes data from extended observations and in-depth semi-structured interviews with 18 older people, 6 adult children, and 13 community stakeholders...
May 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
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