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Journal of Ethnopharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196712/ipomoea-pes-caprae-l-r-br-convolvulaceae-as-a-topical-herbal-medicine-to-relieve-pain-and-inflammation-promising-tool-against-effects-due-to-toxin-skin-contact
#1
Cristiane da Silva Barth, Hugo Guilherme Tolentino de Souza, Lilian W Rocha, Gislaine Francieli da Silva, Mariana Ferreira Dos Anjos, Veronica D'Avila Pastor, Tania Mari Belle Bresolin, Angelica Garcia Couto, José Roberto Santin, Nara Lins Meira Quintão
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ipomoea pes-caprae is known as bayhops, beach morning glory or goat's foot, and in Brazil as salsa-de-praia. Its leaves are used in worldwide folk medicine for the relief of jellyfish-stings symptoms. The literature only reports the anti-inflammatory and neutralizing effects of a nonpolar plant derived, without validating the popular use or exploring the mechanism of action. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate and validate the topical effects of a semisolid containing hydroethanolic extract obtained from the aerial parts of I...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192202/ethnomedicinal-uses-of-plants-for-the-treatment-of-malaria-in-soon-valley-khushab-pakistan
#2
Amin Shah, Sarvat Rahim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: To best of our knowledge this is the first quantitative ethno-medicinal study with the aim of documenting the indigenous knowledge and practices of using plants for malarial therapy in Soon Valley, Khushab, Pakistan. In this Valley, malaria is among the major public health problems but, until now, the population still mostly relies on herbal medicine for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethno-medicinal data were documented from 63 informants by using semi-structured questionnaires and interviewing the informants about their knowledge of plants regarding malaria and related symptoms...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192201/the-natural-product-bergenin-ameliorates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury-by-inhibiting-nf-kappab-activition
#3
Shengqian Yang, Ziru Yu, Lin Wang, Tianyi Yuan, Xue Wang, Xue Zhang, Jinhua Wang, Yang Lv, Guanhua Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bergenin, an active constituent of the plants of the genus Bergenia, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effects in the treatment of chronic bronchitis and chronic gastritis clinically. However, its therapeutic effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and its potential mechanisms of actions were still unkown. AIM OF THIS STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of bergenin on murine model of acute lung injury induced by LPS and also to explore its potential mechanisms...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190630/corrigendum-to-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-assessment-of-meadowsweet-filipendula-ulmaria-as-anti-inflammatory-agent-journal-of-ethnopharmacology-193-2016-627-636
#4
Jelena Katanić, Tatjana Boroja, Vladimir Mihailović, Stefanie Nikles, San-Po Pan, Gvozden Rosić, Dragica Selaković, Jovana Joksimović, Slobodanka Mitrović, Rudolf Bauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179115/chemical-composition-of-the-essential-oils-and-extracts-of-achillea-species-and-their-biological-activities-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Majid Mohammadhosseini, Satyajit D Sarker, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) family incorporates a large number of flowering plants, which have been classified under ca. 1600 genera covering more than 23,000 species. The genus Achillea is one of the best-known genera of this family. The Achillea species are important for their uses in the chemical and pharmaceutical purposes, and traditional and folk medicines. From ethnobotanical point of view, they heve been recommended as effective tonic, sedative, diuretic and carminative remedies and extensively prescribed for the treatment of stomachache, inflammation, gastrointestinal, hemorrhoid, hay fever, and wound healing in indigenous medicines...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179114/medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-snakebite-in-central-america-review-and-assessment-of-scientific-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Peter Giovannini, Melanie-Jayne R Howes
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Every year between 1.2 and 5.5 million people worldwide are victims of snakebites, with about 400,000 left permanently injured. In Central America an estimated 5,500 snakebite cases are reported by health centres, but this is likely to be an underestimate due to unreported cases in rural regions. The aim of this study is to review the medicinal plants used traditionally to treat snakebites in seven Central American countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179113/traditional-mediterranean-and-european-herbal-medicines
#7
Marco Leonti, Robert Verpoorte
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Written history allows tracing back Mediterranean and European medical traditions to Greek antiquity. The epidemiological shift triggered by the rise of modern medicine and industrialization is reflected in contemporary reliance and preferences for certain herbal medicines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We sketch the development and transmission of written herbal medicine through Mediterranean and European history and point out the opportunity to connect with modern traditions...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167294/pinicolol-b-from-antrodia-cinnamomea-induces-apoptosis-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells
#8
Tsung-Ru Wu, Tsung-Teng Huang, Jan Martel, Jian-Ching Liau, Chen-Yaw Chiu, Yann-Lii Leu, Wei-Ting Jian, I-Te Chang, Chia-Chen Lu, David M Ojcius, Yun-Fei Ko, Hsin-Chih Lai, John D Young
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal mushroom Antrodia cinnamomea possesses anticancer properties but the active compounds responsible for these effects are mostly unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to identify novel A. cinnamomea compounds that produce cytotoxic effects on cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using ethanol extraction and chromatography, we isolated the lanostanoid compound lanosta-7,9(11),24-trien-3β,15α,21-triol (1) from cultured A...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167293/ethanol-extract-of-the-seed-of-zizyphus-jujuba-var-spinosa-potentiates-hippocampal-synaptic-transmission-through-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-adenylyl-cyclase-and-protein-kinase-a-pathways
#9
So Yeon Jo, In Ho Jung, Jee Hyun Yi, Tae Joon Choi, Seungheon Lee, Ji Wook Jung, Jeanho Yun, Young Choon Lee, Jong Hoon Ryu, Dong Hyun Kim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As the seed of Zizyphus jujuba var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H.F. Chow (Rhamnaceae) has been used to sleep disturbances in traditional Chinese and Korean medicine, many previous studies have focused on its sedative effect. AIM OF THE STUDY: Recently, we reported the neuroprotective effect of the effect of Z. jujuba var. spinosa. However, its effects on synaptic function have not yet been studied. In this project, we examined the action of ethanol extract of the seed of Z...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167292/ethnopharmacological-studies-of-indigenous-medicinal-plants-in-the-south-of-kerman-iran
#10
Mohammad Sadat-Hosseini, Mostafa Farajpour, Naser Boroomand, Farshad Solaimani-Sardou
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The aim of this study was to collect and document information concerning the medicinal plants used by indigenous people and traditional healers in the south of Kerman Province, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 64 informants between the ages of 30 and 89 were interviewed about the modes of application and consumption of medicinal plants in the region. Quantitative analysis was conducted that included informant consensus factor (ICF), use value (UV), relative frequency of citation (RFC) and cultural importance index (CI)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167291/elucidation-of-the-possible-mechanism-of-analgesic-actions-of-butanol-leaf-fraction-of-olax-subscorpioidea-oliv
#11
Saidi Odoma, Abdulkadir Umar Zezi, Nuhu Mohammed Danjuma, Abubakar Ahmed, Muhammed Garba Magaji
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Preparations of Olax subscorpioidea have been used traditionally for the management of pains, inflammatory diseases, yellow fever, cancer and rheumatism. Previously, the analgesic activity of its leaf extract have been reported. Furthermore, an analgesic assay guided fractionation showed that the butanol soluble fraction is the most active. However, the mechanism of this activity remains to be elucidated. This present study investigated the possible pharmacological mechanisms involved in the analgesic activity of the butanol leaf fraction of Olax subscorpioidea (BFOS) using the acetic acid induced writhing test in mice...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167290/albizia-zygia-dc-j-f-macbr-leguminosae-mimosoideae-root-extract-exhibits-anti-nociceptive-and-antipyretic-activities-in-murine-models
#12
Wonder Kofi Mensah Abotsi, Stanley Benjamin Lamptey, Eric Boakye-Gyasi, Eric Woode
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The root extract of Albizia zygia (DC.) J.F. Macbr. (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) is traditionally used in the management of pain and fever. However, little scientific data exists in literature to support its use. AIM OF STUDY: The present study evaluated the anti-nociceptive and antipyretic properties of the hydroethanolic extract of the roots of Albizia zygia in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analgesic effects were investigated in chemical (acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing and formalin tests), thermal (tail-immersion test) and mechanical (carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia) pain models...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163117/promising-anticancer-activities-of-j-simplex-in-cellular-and-animal-models
#13
Litty Joseph, Jessil Mathew Aranjani, Sreedhara Ranganath Pai, K K Srinivasan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Justicia simplex D. Don belonging to the family of Acanthaceae has been traditionally used for treatment of rheumatism, inflammation, bronchitis. The plant is traditionally considered as anti-cancer medicine and used by healers of Karnataka to treat various types of cancers (Corrêa and Alcântara, 2012). AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study is aimed at elucidating the cytotoxic activity of various extracts of Justicia simplex D. Don, isolation of active constituents and assessing the role in growth inhibition and angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163116/danggui-buxue-tang-astragali-radix-and-angelicae-sinensis-radix-for-menopausal-symptoms-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Huang Q Lin, Amy Gw Gong, Huai Y Wang, Ran Duan, Tina Tx Dong, Kui J Zhao, Karl Wk Tsim
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has contributed greatly to human health in past several thousand years. Today, the development of TCM is facing two obstacles: (i) quality control of herbal extract; and (ii) action mechanisms not known. OBJECTIVES: Among thousands of complex TCM formulations, Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) is the simplest one. DBT is used to treat ailments in women and contains only two herbs, Astragali Radix (Huangqi; AR) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (Danggui; ASR)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163115/jia-jian-di-huang-yin-zi-decoction-reduces-apoptosis-induced-by-both-mitochondrial-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-caspase12-pathways-in-the-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Jingsi Zhang, Zhennian Zhang, Jie Bao, Zhonghai Yu, Min Cai, Xiangting Li, Ting Wu, Jun Xiang, Dingfang Cai
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As a classical prescription of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Jia-Jian-Di-Huang-Yin-Zi decoction (JJDHYZ) has been used to treat the symptoms of neurological disorders with a long history. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects and possible mechanisms of JJDHYZ on a 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced subacute mouse model of Parkinson's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five groups: control, MPTP, JJDHYZ low dosage (JJDHYZ-L, 8...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163114/complementary-chinese-herbal-medicine-therapy-improves-survival-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-retrospective-matched-cohort-study
#16
Kuo-Feng Hung, Ching-Ping Hsu, Jen-Huai Chiang, Hung-Jen Lin, Yi-Ting Kuo, Mao-Feng Sun, Hung-Rong Yen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Many patients with gastric cancer seek traditional medicine consultations in Asian countries. This study aimed to investigate the prescription of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) and its benefits for the patients with gastric cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: From the Registry for Catastrophic Illness Patients Database, we included all patients with gastric cancer whose age at diagnosis was ≥ 18 from 1997-2010 in Taiwan. We used 1:1 frequency matching by age, sex, Charlson comorbidity score, treatment and index year to compare the CHM users and non-CHM users...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163113/the-estimation-of-the-traditionally-used-yarrow-achillea-millefolium-l-asteraceae-oil-extracts-with-anti-inflamatory-potential-in-topical-application
#17
Vanja Tadić, Ivana Arsić, Jelena Zvezdanović, Ana Zugić, Dragan Cvetković, Sava Pavkov
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Olive or sunflower oil yarrow extracts have been extensively used against inflammatory disorders and skin wound healing in traditional medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate oil yarrow extracts traditional use in treatment of topical/dermatological skin impairments, sodium lauryl sulfate test was applied, and in vivo measuring of the biophysical parameters (erythema index, skin capacitance and the pH of the skin) in the artificially irritated skin was performed...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163112/antidiabetic-effects-of-morus-alba-fruit-polysaccharides-on-high-fat-diet-and-streptozotocin-induced-type-2-diabetes-in-rats
#18
Yukun Jiao, Xueqian Wang, Xiang Jiang, Fansheng Kong, Shumei Wang, Chunyan Yan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is becoming a serious threat to human health. The fruit of Morus alba L. is widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of DM, dizziness, tinnitus, insomnia, and premature graying, as well as to protect the liver and kidneys. Several studies have demonstrated that the aqueous extracts of the roots bark, leaves, and ramuli of mulberry, which are known to contain polyphenols and polysaccharides, have antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic activities...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161542/vasorelaxation-effect-of-glycyrrhizae-uralensis-through-the-endothelium-dependent-pathway
#19
Chu Shan Tan, Yung Sing Ch'ng, Yean Chun Loh, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Mariam Ahmad, Mun Fei Yam
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Glycyrrhiza uralensis (G. uralensis) is one of the herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and serves as an envoy medicinal. Since G. uralensis plays a major role in the anti-hypertensive TCM formulae, we believe that G. uralensis might possess vasorelaxation activity. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is designed to investigate the vasorelaxation effect of G. uralensis from various extracts and to study its pharmacology effect...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161541/yupingfeng-powder-relieves-the-immune-suppression-induced-by-dexamethasone-in-mice
#20
Yuhua Li, Bin Zheng, Huajie Tian, Xiaotao Xu, Yang Sun, Qibing Mei, Xiaotian Lin, Li Liu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Yupingfeng Powder (YPF), a Chinese medical formula, is used traditionally for allergic diseases and characterized by reducing allergy relapse. In the present study, we attempted to investigate the effect of YPF on the immunity of mice and the possible mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An immunosuppressive mice model induced by Dexamethasone (Dex) was used. Blood samples, spleen and thymus were collected. Then, hematology parameters and organ weight were measured; Phenotypic analyses (CD4(+)/CD8(+)) of lymphocytes were performed using a flow cytometer; Phagocytosis of peritoneal macrophages were evaluated by particle tracers; Spleen lymphocytes were isolated, whose proliferation and apoptosis were assessed...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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