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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921263/overexpression-of-protein-phosphatase-1%C3%AE-pp1%C3%AE-is-associated-with-enhanced-cell-proliferation-and-poor-prognosis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Chunsun Li, Miaomiao Wu, Guijuan Zong, Chunhua Wan, Qingqing Liu, Huiling Zhou, Lu Hua, Yuyan Chen, Xudong Chen, Cuihua Lu
BACKGROUND: Protein phosphatase 1γ (PP1γ), as a member of the protein phosphatase 1 family, may be involved in regulation of multiple cellular processes, such as mitosis, cell survival, and apoptosis. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms by which PP1γ regulates hepatocellular carcinoma development. AIM: We investigated the expression profile of PP1γ in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines and human HCC specimens, as well as its potential prognostic significance in HCC...
December 5, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913997/mega-cecum-an-unrecognized-cause-of-symptoms-in-some-female-patients-with-uro-gynecological-symptoms-and-severe-slow-transit-constipation
#2
William Y Chey, Vincent Chang, Cameron M Hoellrich, Kae Yol Lee, Maxine Lubkin, Deborah Corcoran, Ta-Min Chang, William D Chey
BACKGROUND: A subset of female patients with severe constipation report overlapping uro-gynecological symptoms which have been attributed to visceral hypersensitivity. AIMS: To study colon morphology and motor function in female patients with medically refractory chronic constipation with or without uro-gynecological symptoms and to assess clinical outcomes following laparoscopic ileo-proctostomy. METHODS: Colon anatomy and cecal emptying time were assessed with plain films and fluoroscopy following a standardized test meal mixed with barium...
December 2, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913996/altered-gut-microbiota-composition-and-immune-response-in-experimental-steatohepatitis-mouse-models
#3
Mitsuaki Ishioka, Kouichi Miura, Shinichiro Minami, Yoichiro Shimura, Hirohide Ohnishi
BACKGROUND: Although several types of diet have been used in experimental steatohepatitis models, comparison of gut microbiota and immunological alterations in the gut among diets has not yet been performed. AIM: We attempted to clarify the difference in the gut environment between mice administrated several experimental diets. METHODS: Male wild-type mice were fed a high-fat (HF) diet, a choline-deficient amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet, and a methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet for 8 weeks...
December 2, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913995/adenoma-prevalence-and-distribution-among-us-latino-subgroups-undergoing-screening-colonoscopy
#4
Sumedha V Chablani, Lina Jandorf, Katherine DuHamel, Kristen K Lee, Pathu Sriphanlop, Cristina Villagra, Steven H Itzkowitz
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading malignancy diagnosed among US Latinos. Latinos in the USA represent a heterogeneous amalgam of subgroups varying in genetic background, culture, and socioeconomic status. Little is known about the frequency of CRC precursor lesions found at screening colonoscopy among Latino subgroups. AIM: The aim was to determine the prevalence and distribution of histologically confirmed adenomas found at screening colonoscopy among average-risk, asymptomatic US Latinos according to their subgroup and socio-demographic background...
December 2, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913994/sox2-inhibition-promotes-promoter-demethylation-of-cdx2-to-facilitate-gastric-intestinal-metaplasia
#5
Haijing Niu, Yuchen Jia, Tao Li, Bingzhong Su
BACKGROUND: Gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM) is regarded as a premalignant lesion, conferring risks for gastric cancer development. An intestinal transcription factor, CDX2, plays a vital role in establishing and maintaining IM. SOX2, an HMG-box transcription factor, is expressed in normal gastric mucosa and downregulated in IM. Therefore, it is important to elucidate the mutual interaction of SOX2 and CDX2 in gastric IM. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate the negative correlation between SOX2 and CDX2 in mRNA expression and promoter methylation and to illuminate the effect of SOX2 on the promoter methylation of CDX2...
December 2, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889847/diagnostic-value-of-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-in-isolated-ileitis-a-capentry-study
#6
Hyun Seok Lee, Yun Jeong Lim, Ki Nam Shim, Chang Mo Moon, Hyun Joo Song, Jin Oh Kim, Seong Ran Jeon, Dae Young Jung, Ji Hyun Kim, Kyeong Ok Kim, Bo-In Lee
BACKGROUND: Capsule endoscopy (CE) has proven to be highly effective at detecting small bowel lesions, but studies regarding the diagnostic impact of CE on ileitis are rare. AIMS: We evaluated the diagnostic value of small bowel CE for isolated ileitis observed during ileocolonoscopy. METHODS: The CE results in 137 patients initially diagnosed with ileitis without colonic mucosal abnormalities on ileocolonoscopy at one of eight tertiary referral centers between October 2002 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
November 26, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889846/gastrointestinal-bleeding-during-index-hospitalization-for-mechanical-circulatory-support-devices-implantation-is-the-squeeze-worth-the-ooze
#7
EDITORIAL
Darius A Jahann, Vanessa M Shami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885460/contraceptive-considerations-for-women-with-gastrointestinal-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Aparna Sridhar, Carrie A Cwiak, Andrew M Kaunitz, Rebecca H Allen
Gastroenterologists are in a unique position to assist women with chronic gastrointestinal disorders in order to optimize their health prior to pregnancy. Women, whether with chronic conditions or not, and their infants are more likely to be healthy when pregnancies are planned. Achieving a planned pregnancy at the ideal time or preventing pregnancy altogether requires the use of appropriate contraceptives. There is a broad range of contraceptives available to women in the USA, and the majority of women with digestive diseases will be candidates for all effective methods...
November 24, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878648/jaundice-and-pregnancy-why-going-viral-is-out-of-style
#9
EDITORIAL
Erica R Cohen, Tram T Tran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878647/predicting-suboptimal-bowel-preparation-taking-it-up-a-peg
#10
EDITORIAL
Shaheel M Sahebally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878646/using-search-engine-query-data-to-explore-the-epidemiology-of-common-gastrointestinal-symptoms
#11
Benjamin G Hassid, Lukejohn W Day, Mohannad A Awad, Justin L Sewell, E Charles Osterberg, Benjamin N Breyer
BACKGROUND: Internet searches are an increasingly used tool in medical research. To date, no studies have examined Google search data in relation to common gastrointestinal symptoms. AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare trends in Internet search volume with clinical datasets for common gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS: Using Google Trends, we recorded relative changes in volume of searches related to dysphagia, vomiting, and diarrhea in the USA between January 2008 and January 2011...
November 23, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866300/endoscopic-management-of-biliary-leaks-and-strictures-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-optimizing-techniques-for-successful-management
#12
Saleh Elwir, Julie Thompson, Stuart K Amateau, Guru Trikudanathan, Rajeev Attam, Mohamed Hassan, Raja Kandaswamy, Timothy Pruett, John Lake, Srinath Chinnakotla, Martin L Freeman, Mustafa A Arain
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Biliary complications (BCs) occur in up to 40% of living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic therapy in the management of LDLT-related BCs. METHODS: A retrospective study of 100 LDLT recipients at a single transplant center over a 9-year period was conducted. BC was defined as a biliary leak and/or a stricture. Patient records were used to identify time to diagnosis, type of intervention, and time to resolution...
November 19, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864657/erratum-to-vedolizumab-therapy-is-associated-with-an-improvement-in-sleep-quality-and-mood-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#13
Betsy W Stevens, Nynke Z Borren, Gabriella Velonias, Grace Conway, Thom Cleland, Elizabeth Andrews, Hamed Khalili, John J Garber, Ramnik J Xavier, Vijay Yajnik, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864656/nitric-oxide-and-hydrogen-sulfide-interact-when-modulating-gastric-physiological-functions-in-rodents
#14
Larisse Tavares Lucetti, Renan Oliveira Silva, Ana Paula Macedo Santana, Bruno de Melo Tavares, Mariana Lima Vale, Pedro Marcos Gomes Soares, Francisco José Batista de Lima Júnior, Pedro Jorge Caldas Magalhães, Fernando de Queiroz Cunha, Ronaldo de Albuquerque Ribeiro, Jand-Venes Rolim Medeiros, Marcellus Henrique Loiola Ponte Souza
AIM: The objective was to evaluate the effects of nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donors and possible interactions between these two systems in modulating gastric function. METHODS: Mice received saline, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), or sodium hydrosulfite (NaHS), and after 1 h, the animals were killed for immunofluorescence analysis of CSE or eNOS expressions, respectively. Other groups received saline, SNP, NaHS, Lawesson's reagent (H2S donor), PAG + SNP, L-NAME, L-NAME + NaHS, or L-NAME + Lawesson's reagent...
November 18, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858326/left-ventricular-assist-devices-impact-hospital-resource-utilization-without-affecting-patient-mortality-in-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#15
Feng Li, Alice Hinton, Alan Chen, Nishaki K Mehta, Samer Eldika, Cheng Zhang, Hisham Hussan, Darwin L Conwell, Somashekar G Krishna
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are being utilized for management of end-stage heart failure and require systemic anticoagulation. Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is one of the most common adverse events following LVAD implantation. AIM: To investigate the impact of continuous-flow (CF) LVAD implants on outcomes of patients admitted with GIB. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study utilizing the Nationwide Inpatient Sample in the CF-LVAD era from 2010 to 2012...
November 17, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858325/is-poem-the-answer-for-management-of-spastic-esophageal-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Muhammad Ali Khan, Vivek Kumbhari, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Amr Ismail, Yen-I Chen, Yamile Haito Chavez, Majidah Bukhari, Richard Nollan, Mohammad Kashif Ismail, Manabu Onimaru, Valerio Balassone, Ahmed Sharata, Lee Swanstrom, Haruhiro Inoue, Alessandro Repici, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Spastic esophageal disorders (SEDs) include spastic achalasia (type III), diffuse esophageal spasm (DES), and nutcracker/jackhammer esophagus (JH). Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has demonstrated efficacy and safety in the treatment of achalasia. Recently, POEM has been indicated for the treatment of SEDs. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the clinical success and safety of POEM in SEDs. METHODS: We searched several databases from 01/01/2007 to 01/10/2016 to identify studies (with five or more patients) on POEM for the treatment of SEDs...
November 17, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853899/y-shaped-self-expanding-metallic-stents-sems-to-drain-malignant-strictures-of-the-liver-hilum-y-are-they-better
#17
EDITORIAL
John Baillie, Ravi Vachhani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853898/rate-and-predictors-of-mucosal-healing-in-ulcerative-colitis-treated-with-thiopurines-results-of-a-multicentric-cohort-study
#18
Caroline Prieux-Klotz, Stéphane Nahon, Aurelien Amiot, Leila Sinayoko, Carole Galéano-Cassaz, Stanislas Chaussade, Romain Coriat, Pierre Lahmek, Vered Abitbol
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mucosal healing (MH) with thiopurines has been poorly investigated in ulcerative colitis (UC). We aimed to assess MH rate in UC patients treated with thiopurine monotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected all UC patients treated with thiopurines more than 6 months who have undergone colonoscopy at baseline and after at least 6 months of treatment. Patients were recruited from January 2005 to May 2015 through a personal database and/or standardized hospital inpatient diagnostic dataset...
November 16, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853897/prediction-of-mortality-in-chronic-liver-disease-using-non-hepatic-comorbidities-no-si-of-relief-as-yet
#19
EDITORIAL
David E Kaplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838810/airway-management-during-upper-gi-endoscopic-procedures-state-of-the-art-review
#20
REVIEW
Basavana Goudra, Preet Mohinder Singh
With the growing popularity of propofol mediated deep sedation for upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedures, challenges are being felt and appreciated. Research suggests that management of the airway is anything but routine in this setting. Although many studies and meta-analyses have demonstrated the safety of propofol sedation administered by registered nurses under the supervision of gastroenterologists (likely related to the lighter degrees of sedation than those provided by anesthesia providers and is under medicolegal controversy in the United States), there is no agreement on the optimum airway management for procedures such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography...
November 12, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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