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Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221269/12th-international-symposium-for-mechanisms-of-vasodilatation-celebrating-the-30th-anniversary-of-the-announcement-of-no-as-a-vasodilator-molecule
#1
Virginia M Miller, R Clinton Webb, Paul M Vanhoutte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207428/il-37-ameliorates-coxsackievirus-b3-induced-viral-myocarditis-by-modulating-the-th17-treg-immune-response
#2
Bang An, Xuefei Liu, Ge Li, Haitao Yuan
Myocarditis is a heterogeneous group of disorders defined by inflammation of the heart muscle with an excessively activated immune response. Numerous interventions have been investigated for the treatment of myocarditis while success is limited. Interleukin-37 (IL-37), a novel member of the IL-1 cytokine family, is a natural inhibitor of innate immunity associated with autoimmune diseases. However, the modulatory effect of IL-37 in myocarditis is unknown. In this study, we investigated the immunological regulation of IL-37 in the coxsackievirus B3-induced model of murine viral myocarditis...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207427/progression-and-characterization-of-the-accelerated-atherosclerosis-in-iliac-artery-of-new-zealand-white-rabbits-effect-of-simvastatin
#3
Jitendra S Kanshana, Vivek Khanna, Vishal Singh, Manish Jain, Ankita Misra, Sachin Kumar, Mariya Farooqui, Manoj K Barthwal, Madhu Dikshit
OBJECTIVE: Although atherosclerosis is described in New Zealand White rabbit's iliac artery, yet details of time-dependent atherosclerosis progression are not well known. Further, a well characterized accelerated model of atherosclerosis is also required for the screening of candidate drugs to target specific steps of atherosclerosis development. The present study extensively characterizes the time-dependent plaque composition and functional responses of the atherosclerosis in rabbit iliac artery and its modification by simvastatin...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195949/a-preclinical-translational-study-of-the-cardioprotective-effects-of-plasma-derived-alpha-1-anti-trypsin-in-acute-myocardial-infarction
#4
Adolfo G Mauro, Eleonora Mezzaroma, Carlo Marchetti, Pratyush Narayan, Marco Del Buono, Marialessia Capuano, Andrea Prestamburgo, Simone Catapano, Fadi N Salloum, Antonio Abbate, Stefano Toldo
BACKGROUND: The area of myocardial infarction continues to expand for hours after reperfusion. The injured but viable myocardium may be salvaged if the signals leading to cell death are interrupted. Activation of the caspase-1 inflammasome in the heart shortly after ischemia-reperfusion contributes to the final infarct size. Plasma derived α-1 anti-trypsin (AAT) has shown to inhibit inflammasome formation in vitro and in vivo. To explore the potential translational clinical value of AAT as a therapeutic, we conducted a series of preclinical experiments designed to simulate clinically relevant scenarios...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195948/early-treatment-with-zofenopril-and-ramipril-in-combination-with-acetyl-salicylic-acid-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-results-of-a-5-year-follow-up-of-patients-of-the-smile-4-study
#5
Claudio Borghi, Stefano Omboni, Salvatore Novo, Dragos Vinereanu, Giuseppe Ambrosio, Ettore Ambrosioni
The SMILE-4 study showed that in patients with left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI), early treatment with zofenopril plus acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) is associated with an improved 1-year survival, free from death or hospitalization for cardiovascular (CV) causes, as compared to ramipril plus ASA. We now report on CV outcomes during a 5-year follow-up of the patients of the SMILE-4 study. 386 of the 518 patients completing the study (51.2%) could be tracked after the study end and 265 could be included in the analysis...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195947/alpha-msh-induces-vasodilatation-and-exerts-cardioprotection-via-the-heme-oxygenase-pathway-in-rat-hearts
#6
Miklos Vecsernyes, Miklos Szokol, Mariann Bombicz, Daniel Priksz, Rudolf Gesztelyi, Gabor Aron Fulop, Balazs Varga, Bela Juhasz, David Haines, Arpad Tosaki
Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a protein with known capacity for protection against cardiovascular ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The present investigation evaluates the capacity of α-MSH to mitigate I/R effects in an isolated working rat heart model and determine the dependency of these alterations on the activity of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1, hsp-32), a heat shock protein that functions as a major antioxidant defense molecule. Healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for all experiments...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195946/g-protein-coupled-receptor-mediated-transactivation-of-extracellular-proteases
#7
Allison E Schafer, Burns C Blaxall
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) comprise the largest family of receptors in humans. Traditional activation of GPCRs involves binding of a ligand to the receptor, activation of heterotrimeric G proteins and induction of subsequent signaling molecules. It is now known that GPCR signaling occurs through G protein-independent pathways including signaling through β-arrestin as well as transactivation of other receptor types. Generally, transactivation occurs when activation of one receptor leads to the activation of another receptor(s)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166086/g%C3%AE-q-signaling-in-the-regulation-of-autophagy-and-heart-failure
#8
Mikhail A Kolpakov, Douglas G Tilley, Abdelkarim Sabri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141701/mechanisms-of-uterine-artery-dysfunction-in-pregnancy-complications
#9
Jude S Morton, Alison S Care, Sandra T Davidge
Pregnancy is a unique condition and the vascular processes that are required for this undertaking are both complex and extensive. In this review, we discuss the vascular adaptations which occur in the maternal uterine arterial bed to maintain blood supply to the fetal-placental unit. In complicated pregnancies, inadequate remodeling of the uterine arteries, hormonal imbalances, and pre-existing conditions such as obesity, hypertension, diabetes etc. may lead to maladaptations of the uterine vasculature that includes increased vasoconstriction and endothelial dysfunction...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141700/endothelial-and-perivascular-adipose-tissue-abnormalities-in-obesity-related-vascular-dysfunction-novel-targets-for-treatment
#10
Francesca Schinzari, Manfredi Tesauro, Carmine Cardillo
The heavy impact of obesity on the development and progression of cardiovascular disease has sparked sustained efforts to uncover the mechanisms linking excess adiposity to vascular dysfunction. In addition to its well-established role in maintaining vascular homeostasis, the endothelium has been increasingly recognized as a key player in modulating healthy adipose tissue expansion in response to excess calories by providing adipocyte precursors and driving angiogenesis. When this increased storage need is unmet, excessive deposition of fat occurs at ectopic locations, including perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141699/cardioprotective-effects-of-carvedilol-in-inhibiting-doxorubicin-induced-cardiotoxicity
#11
Maryam Nabati, Ghasem Janbabai, Saideh Baghyari, Maryam Esmaili, Jamshid Yazdani
PURPOSE: Anthracyclines (ANTs) are a class of active anti-neoplastic agents with topoisomerase-interacting activity that are considered the most active agents for the treatment of breast cancer. We investigated the efficacy of carvedilol in the inhibition of ANT-induced cardiotoxicity. METHODS: In this randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled study, 91 women with recently diagnosed breast cancer undergoing ANT therapy were randomly assigned to groups treated with either carvedilol (n=46) or placebo (n=45)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134629/liguzinediol-enhances-the-inotropic-effect-of-rat-hearts-via-inhibition-of-protein-phosphatase-pp1-and-pp2a-activities
#12
Sha Li, Huili Huang, Mengdan Zhang, Wei Wang, Shuyin Xue, Ying Gao, Ming Xie, Kesu Chen, Fuming Liu, Long Chen
It has been demonstrated that Liguzinediol (LZDO), a derivative of ligustrazine from ligusticum wallichii Franch, exerts positive inotropy in isolated rat heart mediated by the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPase (SERCA2a). Here, we further explore the underlying mechanism of the positive inotropic effect of LZDO in rat hearts. In vivo and ex vivo rat heart experiments, biochemistry and Western blot techniques were used to analyze the rat heart contractility, SERCA2a activity, phospholamban (PLB) phosphorylation and protein phosphatase (PP1 and PP2A) activities in rat left ventricular myocytes, respectively...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059858/cardiac-gpcr-mediated-egfr-transactivation-impact-and-therapeutic-implications
#13
Laurel A Grisanti, Shuchi Guo, Douglas G Tilley
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) remain primary therapeutic targets for numerous cardiovascular disorders, including heart failure (HF), due to their influence on cardiac remodeling in response to elevated neurohormone signaling. GPCR blockers have proven to be beneficial in the treatment of HF by reducing chronic G protein activation and cardiac remodeling, thereby extending the lifespan of HF patients. Unfortunately this effect does not persist indefinitely, thus next generation therapeutics aim to selectively block harmful GPCR-mediated pathways while simultaneously promoting beneficial signaling...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045759/efficacy-and-safety-of-novel-oral-p2y12-receptor-inhibitors-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-undergoing-pci-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jianjun Sun, Qian Xiang, Chao Li, Zining Wang, Kun Hu, Qiufen Xie, Yimin Cui
The efficacy and safety of novel oral P2Y12 receptor inhibitors (prasugrel and ticagrelor) are subjects of contention in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing PCI, the optimal duration of therapy remains uncertain. We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, and WanFang Data to identify randomized controlled trials comparing novel oral P2Y12 receptor inhibitors to clopidogrel in STEMI patients undergoing PCI until February 2016. The primary efficacy and safety endpoint were all-cause mortality and major/minor bleeding...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045761/the-selective-late-sodium-current-inhibitor-eleclazine-unlike-amiodarone-does-not-alter-defibrillation-threshold-or-dominant-frequency-of-ventricular-fibrillation
#15
Ana F G Silva, Rodolfo Bonatti, Julio Batatinha, Bruce D Nearing, Dewan Zeng, Luiz Belardinelli, Richard L Verrier
INTRODUCTION: We examined effects of the selective late INa inhibitor eleclazine on the 50% probability of successful defibrillation (DFT50) before and after administration of amiodarone to determine its suitability for use in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). METHODS AND RESULTS: In 20 anesthetized pigs, transvenous active-fixation cardiac defibrillation leads were fluoroscopically positioned into right ventricular apex via jugular vein...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045760/bleeding-risk-of-anti-thrombotic-treatment-in-patients-on-haemodialysis
#16
Eduardo Vázquez, Carmen Sánchez-Perales, Sonia Ortega, Teresa Vázquez-Sánchez, Enrique Quesada, Daniel Salas, Juan Carlos Fernández-Guerrero
BACKGROUND: The risk-benefit of anti-thrombotic treatment (ATT) has not been established in patients on dialysis. Our objective was to determine the influence of ATT on the risk of haemorrhage in patients on haemodialysis. METHODS: We included patients who began dialysis between 2003 and 2007. We determined the rates of fatal bleeding or bleeding leading to hospitalisation or transfusion. RESULTS: 221 patients were included. Over the follow-up period (45...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059859/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-mediate-gpcr-dysfunction
#17
Maradumane L Mohan, Neelakantan T Vasudevan, Sathyamangla V Naga Prasad
Pro-inflammatory reaction by the body occurs acutely in response to injury that is considered primarily beneficial. However, sustained pro-inflammatory cytokines observed with chronic pathologies such as metabolic syndrome, cancer, and arthritis are detrimental and in many cases is a major cardio-vascular risk factor. Pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleulin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) have long been implicated in cardiovascular risk and considered to be a major underlying cause for heart failure...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267688/reduction-of-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-inhibiting-interleukin-1-alpha
#18
Adolfo G Mauro, Eleonora Mezzaroma, Juan Torrado, Priyanka Kundur, Priyashma Joshi, Kelsey Stroud, Federico Quaini, Costanza A Lagrasta, Antonio Abbate, Stefano Toldo
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-1α (IL-1α) released by dying cells is an alarmin that activates the innate immunity. We hypothesized that after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, IL-1α amplifies the myocardial damage by activating the inflammasome and caspase-1. METHODS: Adult male CD1 mice were used. The left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated for 30 minutes, after 24 hours of reperfusion. An IL-1α blocking antibody (15 μg/kg intraperitoneally) or matching vehicle was given after reperfusion...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267687/hypertension-s-3-dilemmas-and-3-solutions-pharmacology-of-the-kidney-in-hypertension
#19
William A Pettinger
The Hypertension Community has 3 conflicting dilemmas: a goal systolic pressure of 120 mm Hg or less (the SPRINT Trials), 40% of our 60,000,000 hypertensives still sustain blood pressures above 140/90 mm Hg, and our most potent antihypertensive drug minoxidil sits on the sidelines, imprisoned in the Food and Drug Administration's Black Box designation. My solutions to these dilemmas are: (1) review of the facts of our most potent antihypertensive drug minoxidil which is essentially free of toxicity, (2) treatment focus on the fundamental cause of high blood pressure, that is excess dietary sodium and, (3) prevention of, and/or reversal of, the fundamental mechanism of worsening hypertension, arteriolar hypertrophy...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267686/editorial-for-hypertension-s-3-dilemmas-3-solutions-pharmacology-of-the-kidney-in-hypertension
#20
Edwin K Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
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