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Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology

Ting-Ting Liu, Xi-Sheng Liu, Meng Zhang, Xue-Ni Liu, Fu-Xiang Zhu, Fang-Ming Zhu, Si-Wen Ouyang, Shan-Bao Li, Chen-Long Song, Hui-Min Sun, Su Lu, Yu Zhang, Jun Lin, Hua-Mei Tang, Zhi-Hai Peng
PURPOSE: Recent studies have determined that cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) plays a vital role in carcinogenesis. We sought to clarify the role of COMP in colon cancer. METHODS: We investigated gene expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. Tissue microarrays (TMA) containing paired samples from 253 patients with colon cancer were subjected to immunostaining. COMP levels in serum of colon cancer patients and healthy donors were measured with ELISA...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Silke Wemmert, Maximilian Linxweiler, Cornelia Lerner, Florian Bochen, Philipp Kulas, Johannes Linxweiler, Sigrun Smola, Steffi Urbschat, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Bernhard Schick
PURPOSE: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common human cancer types with a very poor prognosis despite improvements in therapeutic modalities. The major known risk factors are tobacco use and alcohol consumption or infection with high-risk human papilloma viruses (HPV), especially in oropharyngeal tumors. The current management based on the assessment of a variety of clinical and pathological parameters does not sufficiently predict outcome. METHODS: Chromosomal alterations detected in HNSCCs were characterized by metaphase comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and correlated with clinical parameters as well as survival time...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Peipei Lin, Yingwan Luo, Shuanghong Zhu, Dominic Maggio, Haiyang Yang, Chao Hu, Jinghan Wang, Hua Zhang, Yanling Ren, Xinping Zhou, Chen Mei, Liya Ma, Weilai Xu, Li Ye, Zhengping Zhuang, Jie Jin, Hongyan Tong
PURPOSE: The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of hematologic disorders characterized by the presence of somatically mutated hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) that increase the risk of progression to secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML). Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDHmut ) are thought to correlate with the increased production of the oncogenic protein 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG) in AML. The aim of this study was to examine whether serum 2-HG has utility as a prognostic biomarker, and whether elevated 2-HG levels are predictive of IDH mutations in patients with MDS...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Seo Hee Choi, Jee Suk Chang, Hong In Yoon, Dong-Su Jang, Nam Kyu Kim, Joon Seok Lim, Byung So Min, Hyuk Huh, Sang Joon Shin, Joong Bae Ahn, Woong Sub Koom
PURPOSE: Patterns of locoregional rectal cancer recurrences following total mesorectal excision (TME) were analyzed to define the irradiation volume, especially the lateral pelvic lymph node (LPLN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1243 patients who underwent TME without pelvic radiotherapy between 2005 and 2012, the data of 826 patients with rectal adenocarcinoma without distant metastases were analyzed for relapse patterns, categorized as distant and locoregional (anastomosis, mesorectum, presacral area, and LPLNs) failure...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Larissa Dettmar, Nancy Ahmed, Matthias Kotzsch, Sandra Diersch, Rudolf Napieralski, Dalila Darmoul, Manfred Schmitt, Wilko Weichert, Marion Kiechle, Julia Dorn, Viktor Magdolen
PURPOSE: Gene expression of a variety of the 15 members of the KLK serine protease family is dysregulated in ovarian cancer. We aimed at determining the clinical relevance of KLK13 and KLK14 mRNA expression in tumor tissues of a homogeneous patient cohort afflicted with advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer (FIGO stage III/IV). METHODS: mRNA expression levels of KLK13 and KLK14 were assessed by quantitative PCR in tumor tissue of 91 patients and related with clinical factors and patients' outcome...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Tanja Ignatov, Holm Eggemann, Elke Burger, Olaf Ortmann, Serban Dan Costa, Atanas Ignatov
BACKGROUND: Oophorectomy is generally performed in patients with endometrial cancer despite the rate of ovarian metastasis being relatively low. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicenter retrospective registry-based study was performed in 2329 patients with endometrial cancer. The outcome measures were the incidence of ovarian metastasis and the impact on overall survival. RESULTS: Median follow-up was performed at 84 months. A total of 2158 women were eligible for analysis, of which 131 (6...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Abulajiang Abudureheman, Julaiti Ainiwaer, Zhichao Hou, Madiniyat Niyaz, Abdugheni Turghun, Ayshamgul Hasim, Haiping Zhang, Xiaomei Lu, Ilyar Sheyhidin
BACKGROUND: MLL2 has been identified as one of the most frequently mutated genes in a variety of cancers including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, its clinical significance and prognostic value in ESCC has not been elucidated. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the expression and role of MLL2 in ESCC. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and qRT-PCR were used to examine the expression profile of MLL2. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were used to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of MLL2 expression in Kazakh ESCC patients...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Yiyang Wang, Difan Zheng, Jiajie Zheng, Qingyuan Huang, Baohui Han, Jie Zhang, Heng Zhao, Haiquan Chen
BACKGROUND: This retrospective research was designed to investigate the relationship between pT1N0M0 invasive adenocarcinoma (IADC) harboring solid (SOL) and/or micropapillary (MIP) components and its prognosis following lobectomy. METHODS: Clinical data of pT1N0M0 IADC patients were retrospectively collected from Shanghai Chest Hospital. Survival curves were plotted by Kaplan-Meier methods. Multivariable cox regressions were conducted to discover the independent risk factors of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS), through which nomograms were performed to visualize the risk of recurrences and outcomes in personalized information...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Soo Jung Lee, Sun-Young Jun, In Hee Lee, Byung Woog Kang, Su Yeon Park, Hye Jin Kim, Jun Seok Park, Gyu-Seog Choi, Ghilsuk Yoon, Jong Gwang Kim
PURPOSE: This study attempted to reveal the prognostic impact of microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) colon cancer with tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs) and immune checkpoint protein expression, which are good candidates for immunotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 89 patients with MSI-H colon cancer who underwent curative surgery at Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital. The expression status of specific inhibitory receptors, such as CD274 (programmed death-ligand 1, PD-L1), PDCD1 (programmed cell death 1, PD-1), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA4), lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (LAG3), and indolamine 2'3'-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1), was retrospectively analyzed using immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Shoko Nakasone, Sachiyo Mimaki, Tomohiro Ichikawa, Keiju Aokage, Tomohiro Miyoshi, Masato Sugano, Motohiro Kojima, Satoshi Fujii, Takeshi Kuwata, Atsushi Ochiai, Masahiro Tsuboi, Koichi Goto, Katsuya Tsuchihara, Genichiro Ishii
PURPOSE: Podoplanin-positive cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play an essential role in tumor progression. However, it is still unclear whether specific genomic alterations of cancer cells are required to recruit podoplanin-positive CAFs. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the mutation status of lung adenocarcinoma cells and the presence of podoplanin-positive CAFs. METHODS: Ninety-seven lung adenocarcinomas for which whole exome sequencing data were available were enrolled...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Hatem Abou-Ouf, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Mandeep Takhar, Nicholas Erho, Bryan Donnelly, Elai Davicioni, R Jeffrey Karnes, Tarek A Bismar
PURPOSE: To validate a previously characterized 10-gene signature in prostate cancer with implication to distinguish aggressive and indolent disease within low and intermediate patients' risk groups. METHODS: A case-control study design used to select 545 patients from the Mayo clinic tumor registry who underwent radical prostatectomy. A training set from this cohort (n = 359) was used to build a 10-gene model, based on high-dimensional discriminant analysis (HDDA10) to predict several endpoints of clinical patients' outcome...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Ning Xu, Yu-Peng Wu, Dong-Ning Chen, Zhi-Bin Ke, Hai Cai, Yong Wei, Qing-Shui Zheng, Jin-Bei Huang, Xiao-Dong Li, Xue-Yi Xue
PURPOSE: To explore the value of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System Version 2 (PI-RADS v2) for predicting prostate biopsy results in patients with prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels of 4-10 ng/ml. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed multi-parameter magnetic resonance images from 528 patients with PSA levels of 4-10 ng/ml who underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies between May 2015 and May 2017. Among them, 137 were diagnosed with prostate cancer (PCa), and we further subdivided them according to pathological results into the significant PCa (S-PCa) and insignificant significant PCa (Ins-PCa) groups (121 cases were defined by surgical pathological specimen and 16 by biopsy)...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Giovanni Corso, Paolo Veronesi, Giorgia Irene Santomauro, Patrick Maisonneuve, Consuelo Morigi, Giulia Peruzzotti, Mattia Intra, Virgilio Sacchini, Viviana Galimberti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of second primary non-breast cancer after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment, and its correlation with clinicopathological features. METHODS: Data from 21,527 patients with primary breast cancer were collected retrospectively in a single cancer centre; 4.1% of the women developed a second non-breast cancer. The most frequently observed second primary tumor affected the digestive tract (27.8%). The frequency of observed cancers was similar to that expected in the general population, excepting for an excess of melanoma [SIR 1...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Ernest Barthélemy, Joshua Loewenstern, Neeraja Konuthula, Margaret Pain, Jordan Hall, Satish Govindaraj, Joshua Bederson, Raj K Shrivastava
PURPOSE: The initial management of atypical meningiomas poses a distinct clinical challenge in that treatment protocols have not been fully established, and outcomes, especially differences by patient age, have not been broadly measured. The National Cancer Database (NCDB) allows for analysis of a large, diverse patient population to determine clinical parameters and survival outcomes based on the initial treatment of patients with atypical meningiomas. METHODS: Analysis of the NCDB yielded 3611 atypical meningioma patients treated between 2008 and 2012...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Holm Eggemann, Tanja Ignatov, Christina Henrike Geyken, Stephan Seitz, Atanas Ignatov
BACKGROUND: Elderly women with cervical cancer receive less therapy in comparison with their younger counterparts. The exact reason(s) for this treatment strategy remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a multicenter, retrospective registry-based study of 1559 patients with cervical cancer. The primary outcome was the reason for not performing the indicated treatment. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 67.8 months. A total of 956 women were eligible for analysis: 693 (64...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
A R Mothes, M Runnebaum, I B Runnebaum
PURPOSE: First evaluation of dual-phase vaginal Er:YAG laser to omit hormonal treatment for atrophy-related symptoms in post-menopausal breast cancer survivors following prolapse surgery. METHODS: Patients with a history of breast cancer at the time of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse were offered non-hormonal vaginal Er:YAG laser treatment when complaining of atrophy-related genitourinary syndrome of menopause. A single 10-min course of dual-phase protocol of pulsed Er:YAG laser (2940 nm, fractional ablative and thermal mode, fluence according to tissue thickness)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
David M Ross, Tamas Masszi, María Teresa Gómez Casares, Andrzej Hellmann, Jesper Stentoft, Eibhlin Conneally, Valentin Garcia-Gutierrez, Norbert Gattermann, Philipp D le Coutre, Bruno Martino, Susanne Saussele, Francis J Giles, Jerald P Radich, Giuseppe Saglio, Weiping Deng, Nancy Krunic, Véronique Bédoucha, Prashanth Gopalakrishna, Andreas Hochhaus
PURPOSE: ENESTfreedom is evaluating treatment-free remission (TFR) following frontline nilotinib in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase. Following our primary analysis at 48 weeks, we here provide an updated 96-week analysis. METHODS: Attempting TFR required ≥ 3 years of nilotinib, a molecular response of MR4.5 [BCR-ABL1 ≤ 0.0032% on the International Scale (BCR-ABL1IS )], and sustained deep molecular response (DMR) during a 1-year consolidation phase...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
László Pinczés, Zsófia Miltényi, Árpád Illés
PURPOSE: Majority of relapses in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) occur within 3 years after initial treatment, late relapses (LR), happening 5 or more years after first diagnosis is rare events. Neither clinical characteristics, risk factors, nor optimal treatment is well described for LR patients. Our aim was to provide a comprehensive analysis on the LR of HL to outline a patient population at risk of relapsing late. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 637 HL patients were treated at the University of Debrecen between 1981 and 2010...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Tomonori Sasahira, Yukiko Nishiguchi, Miyako Kurihara-Shimomura, Chie Nakashima, Hiroki Kuniyasu, Tadaaki Kirita
PURPOSE: In our previous global gene expression analysis, we identified NIPA-like domain containing 1 (NIPAL1), which encodes a magnesium transporter, as one of the most overexpressed genes in recurrent oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Although has been NIPAL1 linked with gout pathogenesis, little is known about its expression and function in human malignancies. METHODS: In this study, we examined NIPAL1 expression in 192 cases of OSCC by immunohistochemistry and performed a functional analysis of human OSCC cells...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Jörg Fuchs, Cristian Urla, Monika Sparber-Sauer, Andreas Schuck, Ivo Leuschner, Thomas Klingebiel, Gunnar Blumenstock, Guido Seitz, Ewa Koscielniak
PURPOSE: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common pediatric soft tissue sarcoma. In 7% of the cases it is localized at the chest wall or intrathoracically. The aim of this study was to analyze the multimodal treatment concepts and outcomes of children suffering from intrathoracic and chest wall RMS treated within three different Cooperative Soft Tissue Sarcoma (CWS) trials and one registry (Soft Tissue Sarcoma Registry, SoTiSaR). METHODS: Data of 51 patients with thoracic RMS enrolled in three different CWS trials (CWS-86, -91, -2002P) and one registry (SoTiSaR) were analyzed retrospectively...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
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