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American Journal of Chinese Medicine

Yuan Xu, Shouhai Hong, Xue Zhao, Shenjun Wang, Zhifang Xu, Shasha Ding, Kuo Zhang, Yiping Zhang, Lianjie Xu, Nannan Yu, Tianyi Zhao, Yawen Yan, Fuming Yang, Yangyang Liu, Kun Yu, Baohu Liu, Yi Guo, Guangchang Pang
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic autoimmune inflammatory and debilitating disease that involves the systemic imbalance of the immune network. Previous studies have shown that acupuncture can help treat RA. However, its specific mechanisms are not fully understood. Thus, the present study was designed to clarify the mechanisms of acupuncture acted on RA via immune network modulation using complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritic rats. Results revealed that manual acupuncture (MA) could alleviate the inflammation and pain of infected joints...
July 12, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Wei-Liang Zhang, Yong-Liang Chi, Lian-Zhu Wang, Hui Liu, Lu-Xi Zhao, Fan Su
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is one of the major complications in patients who have undergone surgeries. Reduction of surgery-induced inflammation and perioperative stress responses may prevent the development of POCD. As recent experimental data have suggested, Shenmai and Shenfu injections, two ginseng containing formulations, may improve cognition. We designed this study using aged rats as an experimental model to determine the effect of combined perioperative Shenmai injection and Shenfu injection in preventing the development of POCD and exploring the underlying mechanism of this intervention...
July 12, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Xia-Wei Zhang, Wei Liu, Hong-Li Jiang, Bing Mao
Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used in the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but their efficacy and safety remain controversial. We sought to comprehensively aggregate and evaluate the available evidence on the efficacy and safety of the combination treatment with CHM and epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in NSCLC patients. Our exhausted and systematical searching strategy yielded 64 related randomized controlled trials involving 4384 patients...
July 12, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Simei Sun, Tianyi Li, Li Jin, Zhe Hao Piao, Bin Liu, Yuhee Ryu, Sin Young Choi, Gwi Ran Kim, Ji Eun Jeong, An Jin Wi, Song Ju Lee, Hae Jin Kee, Myung Ho Jeong
An extract of Dendropanax morbifera branch exerts antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, and anticancer activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the extract in isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Phalloidin staining showed that treatment with the extract dramatically prevents isoproterenol-induced H9c2 cell enlargement and the expression of cardiac hypertrophic marker genes, including atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). Further, pretreatment with the extract decreased isoproterenol-induced GATA4 and Sp1 expression in H9c2 cells...
July 9, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Sumei Wang, Shunqin Long, Wanyin Wu
Although lots of great achievements have been gained in the battle against cancer during the past decades, cancer is still the leading cause of death in the world including in developing countries such as China. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is popular in Chinese and East Asian societies as well as some other Western countries and plays an active role in the modern healthcare system including patients with cancer, which may act as a potential effective strategy in treating human cancers. In this review, we aimed to introduce the mechanisms of TCM compound, as an option of individualized therapy, in treating cancer patients from the perspective of both Chinese and Western medicine...
July 9, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Yu-An Hsu, Yi-Hsin Kuo, Chih-Sheng Chen, Ying-Chi Chen, Chi-Chun Huang, Ching-Yao Chang, Chao-Jen Lin, Cheng-Wen Lin, Hui-Ju Lin, Fu-Tong Liu, Lei Wan
Obesity is a significant risk factor for various diseases. It is a clinical condition caused by the excessive accumulation of fat, which has a negative impact on human health. Galactin-12 is an adipocyte-expressed protein and possesses adipocyte-inducing activity. We investigated the expression level of candidate proteins involved in galactin-12-mediated adipocyte differentiation pathway. We performed a high-throughput screening assay to monitor galectin-12 promoter activity using 105 traditional Chinese herbs...
July 5, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Bo Zhou, Zhihui Jiang, Xinping Li, Xiaoying Zhang
The mechanism of ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity was complicated, accompanied by the over-expressions of the cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1), heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and the nuclear factor specificity protein 1 (SP1). Kaempferol (Kaem) could protect the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity likely by inhibiting the CYP2E1 expression and activity. This study investigated the protective mechanism(s) of kaempferol on ethanol-induced toxicity by dynamic alteration of SP1, Hsp70 and CYP2E1 among the nucleus and different organelles in hepatocytes...
July 5, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Hyun Jong Kim, Yu Ran Nam, Joo Hyun Nam
Flos Magnoliae (FM, Chinese name: Xin-yi) is an oriental medicinal herb commonly used for symptomatic relief from allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, and headache, including in traditional Chinese and Korean medicine formulations. FM inhibits histamine release from mast cells and cytokine secretion from T cells. However, the mechanism of action of FM on the anoctamin-1 (ANO1) ion channel, which is responsible for nasal hypersecretion in allergic rhinitis, has not been elucidated. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effect of a 30% ethanolic extract of FM (FMEtOH ) and its chemical constituents on ANO1 activity...
July 5, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Yu Xu, Hor-Yue Tan, Sha Li, Ning Wang, Yibin Feng
Panax notoginseng (P. notoginseng) is a well-known and commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Asian countries. As one of the major species in the Panax genus, it has a distinct chemical composition and medical application compared with other species. P. notoginseng attracts attention and interest due to its potential therapeutic effects not only on blood diseases, but also other kinds of human chronic disorders. This paper critically reviewed the latest advance of knowledge on the pharmacological effects of P...
July 5, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Huan Zhang, Yajun Lin, Yongzhan Zhen, Gang Hu, Xu Meng, Xingxin Li, Xiuli Men
To investigate the therapeutic effect of glycyrrhizin arginine salt on rat cholestatic cirrhosis, we subjected male Sprague Dawley rats to common bile duct ligation for 14 days and treated them with distilled water (model group), arginine, or a low or high dose of glycyrrhizin arginine salt by gavage. A sham-operated group was used as a control group. Treatment with glycyrrhizin arginine salt substantially improved animal growth rates, reduced the ratio of liver weight to body weight and decreased total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, 8-isoprostane and malondialdehyde compared with the values measured in the model group...
July 5, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Yung-Ting Hsiao, Chao-Lin Kuo, Fu-Shin Chueh, Kuo-Ching Liu, Da-Tian Bau, Jing-Gung Chung
Numerous studies support the use of herbal medicine or natural products for chemotherapy in human cancers. Reports have associated curcumin (CUR), dimethoxy curcumin (DMC) and bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) with numerous biological activities including anticancer activities, but no available information have shown that these induced apoptotic cell death and autophagy in human oral cancer cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of CUR, DMC and BDMC on the cell viability, apoptotic cell death, reactive oxygen species (ROS), Ca[Formula: see text], mitochondria membrane potential (MMP) and caspase activities using flow cytometry assay and autophagy by monodansylcadaverine (MDC) and acridine orange (AO) staining in human oral cancer SAS cells...
July 5, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Yao-Dong Zhu, Lei Hu, Ping Li, Mei Zhang, Yan-Qing Liu
The extract of Celastrus orbiculatus (COE) have been shown to possess anti-Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) activity and anticancer effects in vitro and in vivo. However, the molecular mechanism by which COE on precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC) has not been fully elucidated so far. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect and mechanism of COE in the rat model of PLGC, after the rat model of PLGC was successfully constructed. The effects of COE in gastric mucosa of rats with PLGC were tested using routine pathology and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) analysis...
July 5, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Mingche Liu, Oluwaseun Adebayo Bamodu, Kuang-Tai Kuo, Wei-Hwa Lee, Yen-Kuang Lin, Alexander T H Wu, Hsiao M, Yew-Min Tzeng, Chi-Tai Yeh, Jo-Ting Tsai
The hierarchical tumor propagation or cancer stem cells (CSCs) model of carcinogenesis postulates that like physiologic adult stem cell (ASC), the CSCs positioned at the apex of any tumor population form the crux of tumor evolution with a constitutive regenerative capacity and differentiation potential. The propagation and recurrence of the characteristically heterogeneous and therapy-resistant hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), adds to accumulating evidence to support this CSCs model. Based on the multi-etiologic basis of HCC formation which among others, focuses on the disruption of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, this study evaluated the role of cembrane-type phytochemical, Ovatodiolide, in the modulation of the Wnt/[Formula: see text]-catenin pathway, and its subsequent effect on liver CSCs' activities...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Huiying Fu, Lu Jin, Xia Shao, Yuanyuan Li, Fangming Chen, Zhiqiang Shou, Xiaofang Tang, Bing Ji, Qiyang Shou
Hirsutella sinensis fungus (HSF) is an artificial substitute of the well-known medicine Cordyceps sinensis with similar beneficial effects in humans. We previously found that HSF can regulate immune function and inhibit tumor growth; however, the mechanisms involved in these effects were still unclear. Accordingly, in this study, we investigated the effects of HSF on immune cell subsets in the tumor microenvironment in mice. The results showed that HSF inhibited Lewis lung cancer growth, alleviated abnormalities in routine blood tests, and enhanced tumor-infiltrating T cells, particularly the proportion of effector CD8[Formula: see text] T cells...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Ji Hun Park, Min Chol Kho, Hyun Cheol Oh, Youn Chul Kim, Jung Joo Yoon, Yun Jung Lee, Dae Gill Kang, Ho Sub Lee
Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), an important cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), causes increased renal tubular injury and microvascular inflammation. 1,[Formula: see text]2,[Formula: see text]3,[Formula: see text]4,[Formula: see text]6-penta-O-galloyl-[Formula: see text]-D-glucose (PGG) from Galla rhois has anticancer, anti-oxidation and angiogenesis effects. We examined protective effects of PGG on IRI-induced acute AKI. Clamping both renal arteries for 45[Formula: see text]min induced isechemia and then reperfusion...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Tae Ho Kim, Jun-Yong Choi, Kyun Ha Kim, Min Jung Kwun, Chang-Woo Han, Ran Won, Jung Ju Lee, Jong-In Kim, Myungsoo Joo
Hominis placenta (HP), a dried human placenta, has been known to target liver, lung, or kidney meridians, improving the functions associated with these meridians in traditional Chinese or Asian medicine (TCM). Since recent studies implicate an HP extract in suppressing inflammation, we investigated whether an aqueous HP extract can ameliorate inflammation that occurred in the lungs. When administered with a single intratracheal lipopolysaccharide (LPS), C57BL/6 mice developed an acute neutrophilic lung inflammation along with an increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Chutamas Wunpathe, Prapassorn Potue, Putcharawipa Maneesai, Sarawoot Bunbupha, Parichat Prachaney, Upa Kukongviriyapan, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan, Poungrat Pakdeechote
Hesperidin, a flavonoid derived from citrus fruits, possesses several beneficial effects including anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hesperidin on the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) cascade that mediated oxidative stress and sympathoexcitation in two-kidney, one-clipped (2K-1C) hypertensive rats. 2K-1C hypertension was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Hypertensive rats were treated with hesperidin at 20[Formula: see text]mg/kg or 40[Formula: see text]mg/kg or losartan at 10[Formula: see text]mg/kg beginning at three weeks after surgery and then continued for four weeks ([Formula: see text]/group)...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Chunwei Lu, Dingfang Cai, Jun Ma
We have previously shown that pachymic acid (PA) inhibited tumorigenesis of gastric cancer (GC) cells. However, the exact mechanism underlying the radiation response of GC was still elusive. To evaluate the effects of PA treatment on radiation response of GC cell lines both in vitro and in vivo, a colony formation assay and xenograft mouse model were employed. Changes in Bax and HIF1[Formula: see text] expressions were assessed in GC cells following PA treatment. Luciferase reporter and chromatin immune-precipitation assays were carried out to investigate the regulation of Bax through HIF1[Formula: see text]...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Wen-Lin Hsu, Yu-Chieh Lin, Jing-Ren Jeng, Heng-Yuan Chang, Tz-Chong Chou
Baicalein (BE) extracted from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is able to alleviate various cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. However, the effects of BE on pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remain unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine whether BE ameliorates pneumonectomy and monocrotaline-induced PAH in rats and further investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Administration of BE greatly attenuated the development of PAH as evidenced by an improvement of its characteristic features, including elevation of right ventricular systolic pressure, right ventricular hypertrophy, and pulmonary vascular remodeling...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Qingqiong Luo, Jieying Ding, Liping Zhu, Fuxiang Chen, Lili Xu
Eclipta prostrata L. is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been used in the treatment of liver diseases. However, its biological mechanisms remain elusive. The current study aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of wedelolactone, a major coumarin ingredient of Eclipta prostrata L., on immune-mediated liver injury. Using the well-established animal model of Concanavalin A (ConA)-induced hepatitis (CIH), we found that pretreatment of mice with wedelolactone markedly reduced both the serum levels of transaminases and the severity of liver damage...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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