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Scientometrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725096/quality-assessment-of-scientific-outputs-using-the-bwm
#1
Negin Salimi
Assessing the quality of scientific outputs (i.e. research papers, books and reports) is a challenging issue. Although in practice, the basic quality of scientific outputs is evaluated by committees/peers (peer review) who have general knowledge and competencies. However, their assessment might not comprehensively consider different dimensions of the quality of the scientific outputs. Hence, there is a requirement to evaluate scientific outputs based on some other metrics which cover more aspects of quality after publishing, which is the aim of this study...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725095/with-whom-do-researchers-collaborate-and-why
#2
Hajdeja Iglič, Patrick Doreian, Luka Kronegger, Anuška Ferligoj
Although research collaboration has been studied extensively, we still lack understanding regarding the factors stimulating researchers to collaborate with different kinds of research partners including members of the same research center or group, researchers from the same organization, researchers from other academic and non-academic organizations as well as international partners. Here, we provide an explanation of the emergence of diverse collaborative ties. The theoretical framework used for understanding research collaboration couples scientific and technical human capital embodied in the individual with the social organization and cognitive characteristics of the research field...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725094/evolution-of-three-nobel-prize-themes-and-a-nobel-snub-theme-in-chemistry-a-bibliometric-study-with-focus-on-international-collaboration
#3
Sichao Tong, Per Ahlgren
In this study, three chemistry research themes closely associated with the Nobel Prize are bibliometrically analyzed-Ribozyme, Ozone and Fullerene-as well as a research theme in chemistry not associated with the Nobel Prize (a Nobel snub theme): Brunauer-Emmett-Teller equation. We analyze, based on an algorithmically constructed publication-level classification system, the evolution of the four themes with respect to publication volume and international collaboration, using two datasets, one of them a subset of highly cited publications, for each considered time period...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725093/western-classical-music-development-a-statistical-analysis-of-composers-similarity-differentiation-and-evolution
#4
Patrick Georges
This paper proposes a statistical analysis that captures similarities and differences between classical music composers with the eventual aim to understand why particular composers 'sound' different even if their 'lineages' (influences network) are similar or why they 'sound' alike if their 'lineages' are different. In order to do this we use statistical methods and measures of association or similarity (based on presence/absence of traits such as specific 'ecological' characteristics and personal musical influences) that have been developed in biosystematics, scientometrics, and bibliographic coupling...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713181/neophilia-ranking-of-scientific-journals
#5
Mikko Packalen, Jay Bhattacharya
The ranking of scientific journals is important because of the signal it sends to scientists about what is considered most vital for scientific progress. Existing ranking systems focus on measuring the influence of a scientific paper (citations)-these rankings do not reward journals for publishing innovative work that builds on new ideas. We propose an alternative ranking based on the proclivity of journals to publish papers that build on new ideas, and we implement this ranking via a text-based analysis of all published biomedical papers dating back to 1946...
January 2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596629/letter-to-the-editor-about-the-quality-and-impact-of-scientific-articles
#6
Martin Ricker
It is argued that counting the total number of times a scientific article is cited by others, does neither result in a proxy for its cognitive impact nor for its quality. One would have to distinguish at least substitutable and fundamental references. A supposed correlation between peer review assessments and citation counts is conceptually problematic, because peer review includes objective as well as subjective considerations (convictions). With refined methods, however, a differential citation analysis might be able in the future to answer if a given article did or did not have positive cognitive impact on subsequent research...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596628/identification-of-successful-mentoring-communities-using-network-based-analysis-of-mentor-mentee-relationships-across-nobel-laureates
#7
Julia H Chariker, Yihang Zhang, John R Pani, Eric C Rouchka
Skills underlying scientific innovation and discovery generally develop within an academic community, often beginning with a graduate mentor's laboratory. In this paper, a network analysis of doctoral student-dissertation advisor relationships in The Academic Family Tree indicates the pattern of Nobel laureate mentoring relationships is non-random. Nobel laureates had a greater number of Nobel laureate ancestors, descendants, mentees/grandmentees, and local academic family, supporting the notion that assortative processes occur in the selection of mentors and mentees...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596627/data-sets-for-author-name-disambiguation-an-empirical-analysis-and-a-new-resource
#8
Mark-Christoph Müller, Florian Reitz, Nicolas Roy
Data sets of publication meta data with manually disambiguated author names play an important role in current author name disambiguation (AND) research. We review the most important data sets used so far, and compare their respective advantages and shortcomings. From the results of this review, we derive a set of general requirements to future AND data sets. These include both trivial requirements, like absence of errors and preservation of author order, and more substantial ones, like full disambiguation and adequate representation of publications with a small number of authors and highly variable author names...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596626/a-theoretical-model-of-the-relationship-between-the-h-index-and-other-simple-citation-indicators
#9
Lucio Bertoli-Barsotti, Tommaso Lando
Of the existing theoretical formulas for the h-index, those recently suggested by Burrell (J Informetr 7:774-783, 2013b) and by Bertoli-Barsotti and Lando (J Informetr 9(4):762-776, 2015) have proved very effective in estimating the actual value of the h-index Hirsch (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102:16569-16572, 2005), at least at the level of the individual scientist. These approaches lead (or may lead) to two slightly different formulas, being based, respectively, on a "standard" and a "shifted" version of the geometric distribution...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596625/antecedents-and-near-term-consequences-for-interdisciplinary-dissertators
#10
Kevin M Kniffin, Andrew S Hanks
Given the complexity of questions studied by academicians, institutions are increasingly encouraging interdisciplinary research to tackle these problems; however, neither the individual-level pathways leading to the pursuit of interdisciplinary research nor the resulting market outcomes have been closely examined. In this study, we focus attention on the individuals who complete interdisciplinary dissertations to ask "who are they and how do they fare after earning the PhD?" Since interdisciplinary research is known to be relatively risky among academics, we examine demographic variables that are known to be associated in other contexts with risk-taking before considering whether interdisciplinarians' outcomes are different upon graduating...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490825/citation-based-clustering-of-publications-using-citnetexplorer-and-vosviewer
#11
Nees Jan van Eck, Ludo Waltman
Clustering scientific publications in an important problem in bibliometric research. We demonstrate how two software tools, CitNetExplorer and VOSviewer, can be used to cluster publications and to analyze the resulting clustering solutions. CitNetExplorer is used to cluster a large set of publications in the field of astronomy and astrophysics. The publications are clustered based on direct citation relations. CitNetExplorer and VOSviewer are used together to analyze the resulting clustering solutions. Both tools use visualizations to support the analysis of the clustering solutions, with CitNetExplorer focusing on the analysis at the level of individual publications and VOSviewer focusing on the analysis at an aggregate level...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490824/patent-information-retrieval-approaching-a-method-and-analysing-nanotechnology-patent-collaborations
#12
Sercan Ozcan, Nazrul Islam
Many challenges still remain in the processing of explicit technological knowledge documents such as patents. Given the limitations and drawbacks of the existing approaches, this research sets out to develop an improved method for searching patent databases and extracting patent information to increase the efficiency and reliability of nanotechnology patent information retrieval process and to empirically analyse patent collaboration. A tech-mining method was applied and the subsequent analysis was performed using Thomson data analyser software...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490823/international-patent-families-from-application-strategies-to-statistical-indicators
#13
Antoine Dechezleprêtre, Yann Ménière, Myra Mohnen
This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the characteristics of international patent families, including their domestic component. We exploit a relatively under-studied feature of patent families, namely the number of patents covering the same invention within a given jurisdiction. Using this information, we highlight common patterns in the structure of international patent families, which reflect both the patenting strategies of innovators and the peculiarities of the different patent systems. While the literature has extensively used family size, i...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490822/how-to-reduce-the-number-of-rating-scale-items-without-predictability-loss
#14
W W Koczkodaj, T Kakiashvili, A Szymańska, J Montero-Marin, R Araya, J Garcia-Campayo, K Rutkowski, D Strzałka
Rating scales are used to elicit data about qualitative entities (e.g., research collaboration). This study presents an innovative method for reducing the number of rating scale items without the predictability loss. The "area under the receiver operator curve method" (AUC ROC) is used. The presented method has reduced the number of rating scale items (variables) to 28.57% (from 21 to 6) making over 70% of collected data unnecessary. Results have been verified by two methods of analysis: Graded Response Model (GRM) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490821/who-support-open-access-publishing-gender-discipline-seniority-and-other-factors-associated-with-academics-oa-practice
#15
Yimei Zhu
This paper presents the findings from a survey study of UK academics and their publishing behaviour. The aim of this study is to investigate academics' attitudes towards and practice of open access (OA) publishing. The results are based on a survey study of academics at 12 Russell Group universities, and reflect responses from over 1800 researchers. This study found that whilst most academics support the principle of making knowledge freely available to everyone, the use of OA publishing among UK academics was still limited despite relevant established OA policies...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386153/does-an-expert-based-evaluation-allow-us-to-go-beyond-the-impact-factor-experiences-from-building-a-ranking-of-national-journals-in-poland
#16
Emanuel Kulczycki, Ewa A Rozkosz
This article discusses the Polish Journal Ranking, which is used in the research evaluation system in Poland. In 2015, the ranking, which represents all disciplines, allocated 17,437 journals into three lists: A, B, and C. The B list constitutes a ranking of Polish journals that are indexed neither in the Web of Science nor the European Reference Index for the Humanities. This ranking was built by evaluating journals in three dimensions: formal, bibliometric, and expert-based. We have analysed data on 2035 Polish journals from the B list...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386152/a-first-look-at-multiple-institutional-affiliations-a-study-of-authors-in-germany-japan-and-the-uk
#17
Hanna Hottenrott, Cornelia Lawson
This study sheds light on the unexplored phenomenon of multiple institutional affiliations using scientific publications. Institutional affiliations are important in the organisation and governance of science. Multiple affiliations may alter the traditional framework of academic employment and careers and may require a reappraisal of institutional assessment based on research outcomes of affiliated staff. Results for authors in three major science and technology nations (Germany, Japan and the UK) and in three fields (biology, chemistry, and engineering) show that multiple affiliations have at least doubled over the past few years...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255188/generating-clustered-journal-maps-an-automated-system-for-hierarchical-classification
#18
Loet Leydesdorff, Lutz Bornmann, Caroline S Wagner
Journal maps and classifications for 11,359 journals listed in the combined Journal Citation Reports 2015 of the Science and Social Sciences Citation Indexes are provided at https://leydesdorff.github.io/journals/ and http://www.leydesdorff.net/jcr15. A routine using VOSviewer for integrating the journal mapping and their hierarchical clusterings is also made available. In this short communication, we provide background on the journal mapping/clustering and an explanation about and instructions for the routine...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255187/are-all-researchers-male-gender-misattributions-in-citations
#19
Michał Krawczyk
I screen academic literature for cases of misattribution of cited author's gender. While such mistakes are overall not common, their frequency depends dramatically on the gender of the cited author. Female scholar are cited as if they were male more than ten times more often than the opposite happens, probably revealing that citers are influenced by the gender-science stereotype. The gender of the citing author and the field of study appear to have only limited effect.
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255186/how-many-scientific-papers-are-mentioned-in-policy-related-documents-an-empirical-investigation-using-web-of-science-and-altmetric-data
#20
Robin Haunschild, Lutz Bornmann
In this short communication, we provide an overview of a relatively newly provided source of altmetrics data which could possibly be used for societal impact measurements in scientometrics. Recently, Altmetric-a start-up providing publication level metrics-started to make data for publications available which have been mentioned in policy-related documents. Using data from Altmetric, we study how many papers indexed in the Web of Science (WoS) are mentioned in policy-related documents. We find that less than 0...
2017: Scientometrics
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