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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470072/experiences-of-patients-with-hypertension-at-primary-health-care-in-facilitating-own-lifestyle-change-of-regular-physical-exercise
#1
Nomasonto B D Magobe, Marie Poggenpoel, Chris Myburgh
BACKGROUND: Regular physical exercise is one of the lifestyle modification general measures to control the blood pressure (BP) of patients with hypertension. Globally, hypertension is considered a non-communicable disease (NCD), as well as a chronic condition of lifestyle, that contributes to the mortality rate caused by complications of cardiovascular burden of diseases. In South Africa, NCDs account for nearly 40% of adult deaths, with a high prevalence among black people in urban areas such as Soweto...
April 26, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470071/nurses-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-evidence-based-practice-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-programme-in-malawi
#2
Chisomo Mulenga, Joanne R Naidoo
BACKGROUND: HIV continues to be a global public health concern with Malawi being among the worst affected countries. The prevalence of HIV among pregnant women is also very high, thereby raising concerns of mother-to-child transmission of the virus. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is therefore a priority in the efforts to curb the HIV pandemic. Keeping in mind that the area of HIV management is rapidly evolving, underpinning nursing care with evidence-based practice is essential and has been reported to reduce mother-to-child transmission...
April 12, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397510/a-profile-of-perceived-stress-factors-among-nursing-staff-working-with-intellectually-disabled-in-patients-at-the-free-state-psychiatric-complex-south-africa
#3
Maria Conradie, Danelle Erwee, Isabel Serfontein, Maré Visser, Frikkie J W Calitz, Gina Joubert
INTRODUCTION: Nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients experience unique stress factors that can influence their personal well-being and work performance. OBJECTIVES: To compile a profile of stress factors experienced by nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients at the Free State Psychiatric Complex (FSPC). METHODS: This descriptive study included 89 nursing staff members from this environment. A questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic information and determine personal and occupational stressors...
March 16, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281766/lived-experiences-of-parents-of-premature-babies-in-the-intensive-care-unit-in-a-private-hospital-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#4
Erika Steyn, Marie Poggenpoel, Chris Myburgh
BACKGROUND: Many of the 15 million premature babies born worldwide every year survive because of advanced medical interventions. Their parents have intense experiences when their babies are in the intensive care unit (ICU), and these have an impact on their thoughts, feelings and relationships, including their relationships with their premature babies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore and describe the lived experiences of parents of premature babies in an ICU...
February 28, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155303/female-perspectives-of-male-partners-inclusion-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-programme-in-kwazulu-natal
#5
Mondli Miya, Tennyson Mgutshini
BACKGROUND: The South African government intervened by implementing the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme (PMTCT) to curb the HIV transmission from mother to child during and after pregnancy. The PMTCT programme has been at the forefront of global prevention efforts since 1998. Without treatment, the risk of transmission ranges from one in five to one in two newborns; however, the risk of mother-to-child transmission can be reduced to as low as 2%-5% with evidenced interventions...
December 7, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155302/health-assessment-of-taxi-drivers-in-the-city-of-tshwane
#6
Tendani S Ramukumba, Makwena S Mathikhi
BACKGROUND: Taxi driving seems to be a strenuous occupation. There was evidence-based paucity of literature on health assessment of taxi drivers. Meanwhile taxi drivers of South Africa were burdened by communicable and non-communicable diseases including high-level exposure to injuries and criminal attacks. Health assessment of this cohort group enables mitigation to engage in appropriation of relevant interventions related to the occupational needs of taxi drivers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to conduct health assessment of taxi drivers in the city of Tshwane to identify health risk factors...
November 30, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155301/a-model-for-the-facilitation-of-effective-management-of-aggression-experienced-by-psychiatric-nurses-from-patients-in-a-psychiatric-institution
#7
Emmanuel Bimenyimana, Marie Poggenpoel, Annie Temane, Chris Myburgh
BACKGROUND: 'The time I was hit nobody helped me. They (psychiatric nurses) just said: "you do not have to worry, you are not bleeding … in time you will see more"'. The core of the nursing profession is caring for those in need. However, when the psychiatric nurse (PN) is overwhelmed by aggression from the person cared for, the ideal of rendering quality patient care is compromised. There has to be a way to assist the PNs to manage aggression effectively in order to render quality patient care and improve PNs mental health...
November 30, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155300/the-emotional-intelligence-of-registered-nurses-commencing-critical-care-nursing
#8
Yvette Nagel, Amanda Towell, Elzabe Nel, Fiona Foxall
BACKGROUND: Critical care is described as complex, detailed healthcare in a unique, technologically rich environment. Critical care nursing requires a strong knowledge base and exceptional clinical and technological skills to cope in this demanding environment. Many registered nurses (RNs) commencing work in these areas may lack resilience, and because of the stress of the critical care environment, coping mechanisms need to be developed. To prevent burnout and to enable critical care nurses to function holistically, emotional intelligence (EI) is essential in the development of such coping mechanisms...
November 29, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155299/experiences-of-women-who-reported-sexual-assault-at-a-provincial-hospital-south-africa
#9
Jeanette M Sebaeng, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Eva Manyedi
BACKGROUND: Sexual assault poses a serious health problem to both the survivor and the health system. Experiencing sexual assault requires women to seek medical and psychological assistance as part of their journey towards recovery. This study examined the experiences of women who received post-sexual assault services from a specialised care centre within a provincial hospital. METHODS: A qualitative, exploratory and contextual design was used to explore and describe experiences of women...
November 16, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155298/use-of-physical-restraint-in-hospital-patients-a-descriptive-study-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-south-africa
#10
Sebastiana Z Kalula, Sabela G Petros
BACKGROUND: The use of physical restraint in patient management is a common and emotive issue, and has legal and ethical dimensions. OBJECTIVE: To document the prevalence of physical restraint use, patient characteristics associated with physical restraint use, and nurses' and doctors' knowledge and perceptions towards the practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 572 patients, of whom 132 were physically restrained, was conducted in acute wards of a tertiary hospital...
November 10, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796105/the-effectiveness-of-sensory-stimulation-therapy-to-strengthen-the-resilience-of-operating-room-nurses
#11
Chantal Marais, Emmerentia Du Plessis, Magdalene P Koen
BACKGROUND: Operating room (OR) nurses need to be resilient in order to cope with extreme demands in their workplace. This research focused on the effectiveness of sensory stimulation therapy (SST) to strengthen the resilience of nurses in the OR of a private hospital in the North West Province. PURPOSE: The purpose was to determine the effectiveness of SST as an intervention to strengthen the resilience of OR nurses. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was used...
October 26, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796104/survey-on-the-implementation-of-the-occupational-health-and-safety-act-at-an-academic-hospital-in-johannesburg
#12
Muraga R Foromo, Mary Chabeli, Mpho M Satekge
BACKGROUND: Despite the available research findings, recommendations and the South African Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) (Act 85 of 1993), there are still challenges with regard to the implementation of selected sections and regulations of the OHSA. This is evidenced by the occupational injuries and illness claims registered with the compensation fund (South Africa, Department of Labour 1993). OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which the OHSA was implemented at an academic hospital in Johannesburg, from the senior professional nurses and nursing managers' perspective, and to describe recommendations in order to facilitate the implementation of the Act...
September 28, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796103/a-comparison-of-two-assessments-of-levels-of-functioning-in-clients-with-intellectual-disability-between-occupational-therapists-and-nursing-staff-within-a-long-term-mental-healthcare-facility-in-south-africa
#13
Janine Van der Linde, Daleen Casteleijn
BACKGROUND: The implementation of the South African Mental Health Care Act, which regulates care for clients with intellectual disabilities, impacted on the healthcare services provided to this population. Changes in the Act necessitated planning of new care packages, which resulted in the investigation of the current hospital client profile, as well as assessment data on patient abilities according to the occupational therapist and nursing staff as primary caregivers. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive correlation study design was used as information was analysed from an existing database...
September 27, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796102/experiences-of-patients-having-tuberculosis-tb-regarding-the-use-of-directly-observed-treatment-short-course-dots-in-the-north-west-province-south-africa
#14
Maserapelo G Serapelwane, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Gaboipolelwe M Masilo
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) management remains a major challenge despite the implementation of Directly Observed Treatment Short-Course (DOTS). Some of the challenges include defaulting treatment, low TB cure rates and relapse after patients had been treated under DOTS. OBJECTIVES: This study explored and described experiences of patients having TB regarding the use of DOTS in Doctor Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District of North West Province, South Africa. The study describes and recommends support required by patients having TB who are using DOTS...
September 27, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609332/a-life-uncertain-my-baby-s-vulnerability-mothers-lived-experience-of-connection-with-their-preterm-infants-in-a-botswana-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Rosinah K Ncube, Hilary Barlow, Pat M Mayers
BACKGROUND: Preterm and low-birth weight infants are often separated from their mothers when admitted to neonatal units for stabilisation of body temperature and technological support. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore and describe the lived experiences of mothers regarding care of their hospitalised preterm infants in a neonatal unit in a public hospital in Gaborone, Botswana. METHOD: This study utilised a qualitative exploratory and descriptive phenomenological study design...
August 30, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381723/lived-experiences-of-student-nurses-caring-for-intellectually-disabled-people-in-a-public-psychiatric-institution
#16
Annie Temane, Lizzie Simelane, Marie Poggenpoel, C P H Myburgh
BACKGROUND: Caring for intellectually disabled people can be demanding for student nurses who are novices in the nursing profession. To ensure that quality nursing care is provided, student nurses should have an understanding of and a positive attitude towards intellectually disabled people. Nursing intellectually disabled people can be a challenge for the student nurses. Therefore, student nurses need to be able to deal with challenges of caring for intellectually disabled people. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to explore and describe experiences of student nurses caring for intellectually disabled people in a public psychiatric institution...
June 30, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381722/palliative-care-needs-in-malawi-care-received-by-people-living-with-hiv
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Esmie Mkwinda, Eucebious Lekalakala-Mokgele
BACKGROUND: Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has changed from an acute to a chronic illness in the past decade, because of highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART). Malawi's response to the HIV challenge included provision of ART for people living with HIV or AIDS (PLWHA), which significantly reduced HIV- and AIDS-related mortality. In addition, palliative care for PLWHA was introduced as a strategy that improves the success of ART. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore the needs of PLWHA concerning care received from primary caregivers and palliative care nurses in Malawi...
June 29, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381721/the-needs-of-families-accompanying-injured-patients-into-the-emergency-department-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-gauteng
#18
Meghan L Botes, Gayle Langley
BACKGROUND: Families are not prepared for traumatic injuries of loved ones. Emergency nurses have the important role of caring for patients and families in this time of crisis. Family needs in the critical care setting have been explored using the Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI), however little is known about family needs in the emergency department. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the needs of family members accompanying injured patients into the emergency department, and if these needs were met...
June 24, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381720/social-factors-determining-maternal-and-neonatal-mortality-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#19
Rose M M Mmusi-Phetoe
BACKGROUND: South Africa's maternal mortality ratio has increased from 150/100 000 in 1990 to 269/100 000 live births in 2015 against the Millennium Development Goals 5 (MDG5) target of 38/100 000, indicating slow progress in improving maternal health. The neonatal mortality rate was 14/1000 live births against the MDG4 target of 7/1000. The purpose of the article was to outline the socio-economic factors that determine maternal and neonatal mortality in South African communities. OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe the social determinants of maternal and neonatal mortality in South Africa...
June 22, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381719/effective-educator-student-relationships-in-nursing-education-to-strengthen-nursing-students-resilience
#20
Kathleen Froneman, Emmerentia Du Plessis, Magdelene P Koen
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted in private nursing schools with regard to the educator-student relationship to strengthen the resilience of nursing students and to improve the educator-student relationship. An effective educator-student relationship is a key factor to ensure a positive learning climate where learning can take place and resilience can be strengthened. PURPOSE: The purpose was to explore and describe nursing students' view on the basic elements required for an effective educator-student relationship to strengthen their resilience and the educator-student relationship...
June 10, 2016: Curationis
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