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Studies in Family Planning

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337766/integration-of-family-planning-services-into-hiv-care-and-treatment-services-a-systematic-review
#1
Sabina A Haberlen, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Laura K Beres, Caitlin E Kennedy
Evidence on the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of integrating family planning (FP) and HIV services has grown significantly since the 2004 Glion Call to Action. This systematic review adds to the knowledge base by characterizing the range of models used to integrate FP into HIV care and treatment, and synthesizing the evidence on integration outcomes among women living with HIV. Fourteen studies met our inclusion criteria, eight of which were published after the last systematic review on the topic in 2013...
March 24, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263396/pregnancy-experiences-of-female-sex-workers-in-adama-city-ethiopia-complexity-of-partner-relationships-and-pregnancy-intentions
#2
Eileen A Yam, Aklilu Kidanu, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Jerry Okal, Assefa Bekele, Daniel Gudeta, Georgina Caswell
Research and programs for female sex workers (FSWs) tend to focus exclusively on HIV prevention, with little attention paid to how pregnancy affects their lives. We examine the circumstances surrounding pregnancy and childbirth among women selling sex in Ethiopia. In Adama City, researchers asked 30 FSWs aged 18 and older who had ever been pregnant to participate in in-depth interviews. The women reported on pregnancies experienced both before and after they had begun selling sex. They identified some of the fathers as clients, former partners, and current partners, but they did not know the identities of the other fathers...
March 6, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217882/the-association-between-unintended-births-and-poor-child-development-in-india-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Abhishek Singh, Ashish Kumar Upadhyay, Ashish Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar
Evidence on the association between unintended births and poor child development in developing countries is limited. We used data from three waves of the Young Lives study on childhood poverty conducted in Andhra Pradesh in 2002, 2006-07, and 2009 to examine the association between unintended births and poor child development in India. Multivariable linear regression models were used to examine the association between unintended births and four indicators of child development-height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) score, Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT) score, and Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) test score...
February 20, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207156/integrating-community-based-family-planning-services-with-local-marine-conservation-initiatives-in-southwest-madagascar-changes-in-contraceptive-use-and-fertility
#4
Laura Robson, Martine Holston, Caroline Savitzky, Vik Mohan
This study assessed changes in contraceptive use and fertility between 2009 and 2013 in the Velondriake locally managed marine area of southwest Madagascar where marine conservation organization Blue Ventures began implementing an integrated health-environment program in 2007. The proportion of sexually active women aged 15 to 49 years using hormonal contraception and/or condoms during last intercourse increased more than twofold from 25 percent in 2009 to 59 percent in 2013. The number of births in the last 12 months per 1,000 women of reproductive age declined by 28 percent over the same period from 196 in 2009 to 141 in 2013...
February 16, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195416/progress-toward-the-goals-of-fp2020
#5
John Stover, Emily Sonneveldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145582/unmet-need-and-sex-investigating-the-role-of-coital-frequency-in-fertility-control
#6
Suzanne O Bell, David Bishai
We estimate the relationship between unmet need for contraception and coital frequency using data from the most recent Standard Demographic and Health Surveys conducted from 2005 to 2015. Individual-level analyses include 55 countries (n=245,732 women). The dependent variable is women's report of any sex in the last four weeks; the independent variable is current unmet need. Bivariate ecological results using country averages indicate that prevalence of unmet need is significantly negatively correlated with the proportion reporting recent sexual activity...
February 1, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134987/recent-trends-in-premarital-fertility-across-sub-saharan-africa
#7
Shelley Clark, Alissa Koski, Emily Smith-Greenaway
The rising age of first marriage across sub-Saharan Africa over the past 25 years has led many scholars to predict a concurrent increase in premarital childbearing. We examine whether this anticipated increase has materialized using data from 27 countries. Our results reveal considerable heterogeneity. Although levels of premarital fertility have risen by up to 13 percent in recent years in some African countries, other countries have experienced a 7 percent decline. Adolescent premarital childbearing, in particular, has shown marked decline in several countries...
January 30, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247945/links-between-education-and-age-at-marriage-among-palestinian-women-in-israel-changes-over-time
#8
Maha Sabbah-Karkaby, Haya Stier
This study focuses on the link between education and marriage timing among Israeli-Palestinian women. Theoretical discussions on marriage timing center on the effect of the time women spend in educational institutions on their age at marriage, and on the change in the desirable traits of women in the marriage market. But most of these arguments overlook situations where significant changes in education take place alongside retention of traditional patriarchal values. Based on data from three population censuses - in 1983, 1995 and 2008-our results suggest that staying longer in schooling delays marriage, so women with less education are more likely to marry earlier than others...
March 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925674/chad-2014-15
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925673/systematic-reviews-of-mechanisms-for-financing-family-planning-findings-implications-and-future-agenda
#10
Craig L Lissner, Moazzam Ali
The article describes an international collaboration that systematically reviewed the evidence on financing mechanisms for family planning/contraception, assessed the strength of and summarized the evidence, identified research gaps, and proposed a new research agenda to address the gaps. The review found that the evidence base is weak owing to the paucity of studies, diversity in findings, and variations in intervention, study design, and outcome measures. Of more than 17,000 papers reviewed only 38 met the eligibility criteria...
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925671/rwanda-2014-15
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891623/community-based-financing-of-family-planning-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
Mahesh Karra, David Canning, Janice Hu, Moazzam Ali, Craig Lissner
In this systematic review, we gather evidence on community financing schemes and insurance programs for family planning in developing countries, and we assess the impact of these programs on primary outcomes related to contraceptive use. To identify and evaluate the research findings, we adopt a four-stage review process that employs a weight-of-evidence and risk-of-bias analytic approach. Out of 19,138 references that were identified, only four studies were included in our final analysis, and only one study was determined to be of high quality...
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859370/how-user-fees-influence-contraception-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#13
Catherine Korachais, Elodie Macouillard, Bruno Meessen
Accessible and quality reproductive health services are critical for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). After a decade of waning investment in family planning, interest and funding are growing once again. This article assesses whether introducing, removing, or changing user fees for contraception has an effect on contraceptive use. We conducted a search of 14 international databases. We included randomized controlled trials, interrupted-time series analyses, controlled before-and-after study designs, and cohort studies that reported contraception-related variables as an outcome and a change in the price of contraceptives as an intervention...
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859338/family-planning-vouchers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
Ben Bellows, Carol Bulaya, Sophie Inambwae, Craig L Lissner, Moazzam Ali, Ashish Bajracharya
Family planning (FP) vouchers have targeted subsidies to disadvantaged populations for quality reproductive health services since the 1960s. To summarize the effect of FP voucher programs in low- and middle-income countries, a systematic review was conducted, screening studies from 33 databases through three phases: keyword search, title and abstract review, and full text review. Sixteen articles were selected including randomized control trials, controlled before-and-after, interrupted time series analyses, cohort, and before-and-after studies...
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859327/conditional-and-unconditional-cash-transfers-to-improve-use-of-contraception-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#15
M E Khan, Avishek Hazra, Aastha Kant, Moazzam Ali
This systematic review synthesizes evidence on the impact of conditional and unconditional cash transfers (CCT and UCT) on contraception in low- and middle-income countries. Scientific and gray literature databases were searched from 1994 to 2016 and 11 papers from ten studies were included. Most of the studies had low risk of bias. Cash transfers were used for increasing school attendance or improving health and nutrition, but not directly for contraception. Three studies showed positive impact on contraceptive use and four showed a decrease in fertility outcomes...
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859313/paying-for-performance-to-improve-the-delivery-and-uptake-of-family-planning-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
Claire Blacklock, Ekelechi MacPepple, Setor Kunutsor, Sophie Witter
Paying for performance is a strategy to meet the unmet need for family planning in low and middle income countries; however, rigorous evidence on effectiveness is lacking. Scientific databases and grey literature were searched from 1994 to May 2016. Thirteen studies were included. Payments were linked to units of targeted services, usually modified by quality indicators. Ancillary components and payment indicators differed between studies. Results were mixed for family planning outcome measures. Paying for performance was associated with improved modern family planning use in one study, and increased user and coverage rates in two more...
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611321/kenya-2014
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611320/bangladesh-2014
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611319/counseling-women-and-couples-on-family-planning-a-randomized-study-in-jordan
#19
Marianne El-Khoury, Rebecca Thornton, Minki Chatterji, Sarah Kamhawi, Phoebe Sloane, Mays Halassa
This article evaluates the effects of involving men in family planning counseling in Jordan using a randomized experiment. We randomly assigned a sample of 1,247 married women to receive women-only counseling, couples counseling, or no counseling. We measured the effects of each type of counseling on family planning use, knowledge, attitudes, and spousal communication about family planning. Compared to no counseling, couples counseling led to a 54 percent increase in uptake of modern methods. This effect is not significantly different from the 46 percent increase in modern method uptake as a result of women-only counseling...
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595428/filling-the-gender-data-gap
#20
Miriam Temin, Eva Roca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
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