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Studies in Family Planning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165824/measurement-of-social-norms-affecting-modern-contraceptive-use-a-literature-review
#1
Elizabeth Costenbader, Rachel Lenzi, Rebecca B Hershow, Kim Ashburn, Donna R McCarraher
As a critical building block to developing social norms interventions to support healthy family planning and other reproductive health behaviors, we conducted a literature review to identify and evaluate social norm measures related to modern contraceptive use. Of 174 articles reviewed in full, only 17 studies met our criteria for inclusion. Across these articles, no single measure of norms was used in more than one study; failure to specify the boundaries of who was engaging in and influencing the behaviors of interest contributed to the variation...
November 22, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148056/the-list-experiment-for-measuring-abortion-what-we-know-and-what-we-need
#2
Heidi Moseson, Emily Treleaven, Caitlin Gerdts, Nadia Diamond-Smith
Measuring abortion incidence and prevalence is often difficult because of under-reporting and other biases, complicated research designs, and other issues. Recently, family planning researchers have introduced a new method called the list experiment, adopted from political science and economics, to measure abortion. Three completed studies and at least four studies currently underway use this method to measure abortion in several countries. We discuss the lessons learned from completed studies, when the list experiment may and may not be appropriate, and open questions regarding the use of the list experiment for abortion research...
November 17, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044592/aligning-funding-and-need-for-family-planning-a-diagnostic-methodology
#3
Victoria Y Fan, Sunja Kim, Seemoon Choi, Karen A Grépin
With limited international resources for family planning, donors must decide how to allocate their funds to different countries. How can a donor for family planning decide whether countries are adequately prioritized for funding? This article proposes an ordinal ranking framework to identify under-prioritized countries by rank-ordering countries by their need for family planning and separately rank-ordering them by their development assistance for family planning. Countries for which the rank of the need for family planning is lower than the rank of its funding are deemed under-prioritized...
October 17, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940208/providers-unmarried-young-women-and-post-abortion-care-in-kenya
#4
Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Carolyne P Egesa, Caroline W Kabiru, Estelle M Sidze
Young women and girls in Kenya face challenges in access to abortion care services. Using in-depth and focus group interviews, we explored providers' constructions of these challenges. In general, providers considered abortion to be commonplace in Kenya; reported being regularly approached to offer abortion-related care and services; and articulated the structural, contextual, and personal challenges they faced in serving young post-abortion care (PAC) patients. They also considered induced abortion among young unmarried girls to be especially objectionable; stressed premarital fertility and out-of-union sexual activity among unmarried young girls as transgressive of respectable femininity and proper adolescence; blamed young women and girls for the challenges they reported in obtaining PAC services; and linked these challenges to young women's efforts to conceal their failures related to gender and adolescence, exemplified by pre-marital pregnancy and abortion...
September 22, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885681/announcing-a-new-journal-section-data-papers
#5
Rachel Friedman, Stephanie Psaki, Jeffrey B Bingenheimer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885680/erratum
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885679/pma2020-rapid-turn-around-survey-data-to-monitor-family-planning-service-and-practice-in-ten-countries
#7
Linnea Zimmerman, Hannah Olson, Amy Tsui, Scott Radloff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796301/reproductive-health-and-bodily-integrity-in-tanzania
#8
Judith Westeneng, Ben D'Exelle
Several policy initiatives support the empowerment of women to improve their reproductive health. Little is known, however, about the inverse effect that reproductive health might have on women's empowerment. Women are pressured to conform to their reproductive role, and an inability to do so might affect their empowerment, including control over their own body. Using a panel dataset of 504 married women in Northern Tanzania, we find that women who experienced a pregnancy loss show more tolerant views of partner violence and that child mortality lowers their perceived control over the sexual relationship with their spouse...
August 10, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745395/the-foreseeable-harms-of-trump-s-global-gag-rule
#9
Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Patty Skuster
As one of his first acts as President of the United States, Donald Trump signed an executive order reinstating a version of the global gag rule. Under this rule, US grantees are barred from receiving global health funding if they engage in abortion-related work: not only abortion services, but also abortion referrals and counseling or advocacy for the liberalization of abortion laws. Critics of the Trump global gag rule generally raise three classes of objections: (1) that the rule fails to accomplish its presumed objective of reducing the number of abortions; (2) that it negatively affects the health and well-being of individuals and populations in affected countries; and (3) that it interferes with governments' ability to meet their international obligations...
July 26, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722175/how-the-community-shapes-unmet-need-for-modern-contraception-an-analysis-of-44-demographic-and-health-surveys
#10
Nicholas Metheny, Rob Stephenson
Unmet need for modern contraception is a major public health concern in resource-constrained countries. Recent research supports the application of social-ecological theories to explain how characteristics of a woman's community shape modern contraception use. However, this research focuses largely on individual countries and uses a limited number of community-level effects. We fitted three random-effects logistic regression models to examine associations between 13 community-level variables and the odds of reporting unmet need, unmet need for spacing, and unmet need for limiting for all parous, female respondents in 44 DHS surveys collected in 2010-2015 (n=528,101)...
July 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620974/evaluation-of-the-nigerian-urban-reproductive-health-initiative-nurhi-program
#11
(no author information available yet)
Gaps remain in understanding whether family planning (FP) programs can change urban women's FP behaviors. Even less is known about what works among poor urban women. This article presents results of the impact evaluation of the Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (NURHI). Findings are based on recently collected longitudinal data from women and facilities in six cities in Nigeria. Over the four-year follow-up period, there was an increase of about ten percentage points in modern method use. Impact evaluation analyses using fixed-effects regression methods indicate that both demand- and supply-side program activities increased modern method use...
June 16, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570004/errata
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493283/the-current-status-of-research-on-the-integration-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-hiv-services
#13
Charlotte E Warren, Susannah H Mayhew, Jonathan Hopkins
Integration of services for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV has been widely promoted globally in the belief that both clients and health providers benefit through improvements in quality, efficient use of resources, and lower costs, helping to maximize limited health resources and provide comprehensive client-centered care. This article builds on the growing body of research on integrated sexual SRH and HIV services. It brings together critical reviews on issues within the wider SRH and rights agenda and synthesizes recent research on integrated services, drawing on the Integra Initiative and other major research...
June 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470971/impact-of-integrated-services-on-hiv-testing-a-nonrandomized-trial-among-kenyan-family-planning-clients
#14
Kathryn Church, Charlotte E Warren, Isolde Birdthistle, George B Ploubidis, Keith Tomlin, Weiwei Zhou, James Kimani, Timothy Abuya, Charity Ndwiga, Sedona Sweeney, Susannah H Mayhew
The impact of integrated reproductive health and HIV services on HIV testing and counseling (HTC) uptake was assessed among 882 Kenyan family planning clients using a nonrandomized cohort design within six intervention and six "comparison" facilities. The effect of integration on HTC goals (two tests over two years) was assessed using conditional logistic regression to test four "integration" exposures: a training and reorganization intervention; receipt of reproductive health and HIV services at recruitment; a functional measure of facility integration at recruitment; and a woman's cumulative exposure to functionally integrated care across different facilities over time...
June 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422291/barriers-and-facilitators-to-integrating-health-service-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-comparative-health-systems-and-service-analysis
#15
Manuela Colombini, Colleen Dockerty, Susannah H Mayhew
This systematic review synthesizes 11 studies of health-sector responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) in low- and middle-income countries. The services that were most comprehensive and integrated in their responsiveness to IPV were primarily in primary health and antenatal care settings. Findings suggest that the following facilitators are important: availability of clear guidelines, policies, or protocols; management support; intersectoral coordination with clear, accessible on-site and off-site referral options; adequate and trained staff with accepting and empathetic attitudes toward survivors of IPV; initial and ongoing training for health workers; and a supportive and supervised environment in which to enact new IPV protocols...
June 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337766/integration-of-family-planning-services-into-hiv-care-and-treatment-services-a-systematic-review
#16
Sabina A Haberlen, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Laura K Beres, Caitlin E Kennedy
Evidence on the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of integrating family planning (FP) and HIV services has grown significantly since the 2004 Glion Call to Action. This systematic review adds to the knowledge base by characterizing the range of models used to integrate FP into HIV care and treatment, and synthesizing the evidence on integration outcomes among women living with HIV. Fourteen studies met our inclusion criteria, eight of which were published after the last systematic review on the topic in 2013...
June 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263396/pregnancy-experiences-of-female-sex-workers-in-adama-city-ethiopia-complexity-of-partner-relationships-and-pregnancy-intentions
#17
Eileen A Yam, Aklilu Kidanu, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Jerry Okal, Assefa Bekele, Daniel Gudeta, Georgina Caswell
Research and programs for female sex workers (FSWs) tend to focus exclusively on HIV prevention, with little attention paid to how pregnancy affects their lives. We examine the circumstances surrounding pregnancy and childbirth among women selling sex in Ethiopia. In Adama City, researchers asked 30 FSWs aged 18 and older who had ever been pregnant to participate in in-depth interviews. The women reported on pregnancies experienced both before and after they had begun selling sex. They identified some of the fathers as clients, former partners, and current partners, but they did not know the identities of the other fathers...
June 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518405/setting-ambitious-yet-achievable-targets-using-probabilistic-projections-meeting-demand-for-family-planning
#18
Vladimíra Kantorová, Jin Rou New, Ann Biddlecom, Leontine Alkema
In 2015, governments adopted 17 internationally agreed goals to ensure progress and well-being in the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. These new goals present a challenge for countries to set empirical targets that are ambitious yet achievable and that can account for different starting points and rates of progress. We used probabilistic projections of family planning indicators, based on a global data set and Bayesian hierarchical modeling, to generate illustrative targets at the country level...
May 18, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422301/meeting-the-reproductive-health-needs-of-female-key-populations-affected-by-hiv-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-the-evidence
#19
Nicole B Ippoliti, Geeta Nanda, Rose Wilcher
Female sex workers and other women at high risk of acquiring HIV have the right to sexual and reproductive health, including the right to determine the number and timing of pregnancies. We conducted a literature review to examine the data that exist regarding the family planning and reproductive health needs of female key populations, the underlying determinants of these populations' vulnerability to poor reproductive health outcomes, and the obstacles they face in accessing high-quality reproductive health services...
April 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398595/contribution-of-contraceptive-discontinuation-to-unintended-births-in-36-developing-countries
#20
Anrudh K Jain, William Winfrey
High contraceptive discontinuation results in millions of women having an unmet need for contraception. However, its contribution to unintended fertility is not known. Reproductive calendar data in Demographic and Health Surveys in 36 countries are used to estimate the percent of unintended recent births attributable to contraceptive discontinuation. Contraceptive discontinuation accounted for about one-third of unintended recent births in all countries together. Method failure and contraception discontinued for other reasons accounted for most of this contribution...
April 11, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
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