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Studies in Family Planning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891623/community-based-financing-of-family-planning-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#1
Mahesh Karra, David Canning, Janice Hu, Moazzam Ali, Craig Lissner
In this systematic review, we gather evidence on community financing schemes and insurance programs for family planning in developing countries, and we assess the impact of these programs on primary outcomes related to contraceptive use. To identify and evaluate the research findings, we adopt a four-stage review process that employs a weight-of-evidence and risk-of-bias analytic approach. Out of 19,138 references that were identified, only four studies were included in our final analysis, and only one study was determined to be of high quality...
November 28, 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859370/how-user-fees-influence-contraception-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#2
Catherine Korachais, Elodie Macouillard, Bruno Meessen
Accessible and quality reproductive health services are critical for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). After a decade of waning investment in family planning, interest and funding are growing once again. This article assesses whether introducing, removing, or changing user fees for contraception has an effect on contraceptive use. We conducted a search of 14 international databases. We included randomized controlled trials, interrupted-time series analyses, controlled before-and-after study designs, and cohort studies that reported contraception-related variables as an outcome and a change in the price of contraceptives as an intervention...
November 17, 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859338/family-planning-vouchers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
Ben Bellows, Carol Bulaya, Sophie Inambwae, Craig L Lissner, Moazzam Ali, Ashish Bajracharya
Family planning (FP) vouchers have targeted subsidies to disadvantaged populations for quality reproductive health services since the 1960s. To summarize the effect of FP voucher programs in low- and middle-income countries, a systematic review was conducted, screening studies from 33 databases through three phases: keyword search, title and abstract review, and full text review. Sixteen articles were selected including randomized control trials, controlled before-and-after, interrupted time series analyses, cohort, and before-and-after studies...
November 17, 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859327/conditional-and-unconditional-cash-transfers-to-improve-use-of-contraception-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#4
M E Khan, Avishek Hazra, Aastha Kant, Moazzam Ali
This systematic review synthesizes evidence on the impact of conditional and unconditional cash transfers (CCT and UCT) on contraception in low- and middle-income countries. Scientific and gray literature databases were searched from 1994 to 2016 and 11 papers from ten studies were included. Most of the studies had low risk of bias. Cash transfers were used for increasing school attendance or improving health and nutrition, but not directly for contraception. Three studies showed positive impact on contraceptive use and four showed a decrease in fertility outcomes...
November 17, 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859313/paying-for-performance-to-improve-the-delivery-and-uptake-of-family-planning-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
Claire Blacklock, Ekelechi MacPepple, Setor Kunutsor, Sophie Witter
Paying for performance is a strategy to meet the unmet need for family planning in low and middle income countries; however, rigorous evidence on effectiveness is lacking. Scientific databases and grey literature were searched from 1994 to May 2016. Thirteen studies were included. Payments were linked to units of targeted services, usually modified by quality indicators. Ancillary components and payment indicators differed between studies. Results were mixed for family planning outcome measures. Paying for performance was associated with improved modern family planning use in one study, and increased user and coverage rates in two more...
November 17, 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925674/chad-2014-15
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925673/systematic-reviews-of-mechanisms-for-financing-family-planning-findings-implications-and-future-agenda
#7
Craig L Lissner, Moazzam Ali
The article describes an international collaboration that systematically reviewed the evidence on financing mechanisms for family planning/contraception, assessed the strength of and summarized the evidence, identified research gaps, and proposed a new research agenda to address the gaps. The review found that the evidence base is weak owing to the paucity of studies, diversity in findings, and variations in intervention, study design, and outcome measures. Of more than 17,000 papers reviewed only 38 met the eligibility criteria...
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925672/acknowledgments
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925671/rwanda-2014-15
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611321/kenya-2014
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611320/bangladesh-2014
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611319/counseling-women-and-couples-on-family-planning-a-randomized-study-in-jordan
#12
Marianne El-Khoury, Rebecca Thornton, Minki Chatterji, Sarah Kamhawi, Phoebe Sloane, Mays Halassa
This article evaluates the effects of involving men in family planning counseling in Jordan using a randomized experiment. We randomly assigned a sample of 1,247 married women to receive women-only counseling, couples counseling, or no counseling. We measured the effects of each type of counseling on family planning use, knowledge, attitudes, and spousal communication about family planning. Compared to no counseling, couples counseling led to a 54 percent increase in uptake of modern methods. This effect is not significantly different from the 46 percent increase in modern method uptake as a result of women-only counseling...
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595428/filling-the-gender-data-gap
#13
Miriam Temin, Eva Roca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595238/child-wanted-and-when-fertility-intentions-wantedness-and-child-survival-in-rural-northern-ghana
#14
Ayaga A Bawah, Patrick O Asuming, Cornelius Debpuur, James F Phillips
Panel survey data collected in rural northern Ghana asked women about the "wantedness" status of their children. Parous women were asked whether they wanted more children, while those who had never had a child were asked whether they wanted to have children in the future; those who said that they did not want to have any more children in the future were asked whether they wanted to become pregnant when they last became pregnant and, if so, whether they wanted to become pregnant at the time, or would have preferred to be pregnant earlier or later...
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517867/capturing-complexities-of-relationship-level-family-planning-trajectories-in-malawi
#15
Hannah E Furnas
In a transitioning fertility climate, preferences and decisions surrounding family planning are constantly in flux. Malawi provides an ideal case study of family planning complexities as fertility preferences are flexible, the relationship context is unstable, and childbearing begins early. I use intensive longitudinal data from Tsogolo la Thanzi-a research project in Malawi that follows young adults in romantic partnerships through the course of their relationship. I examine two questions: (1) What are the typical patterns of family planning as young adults transition through a relationship? (2) How are family planning trajectories related to individual and relationship-level characteristics? I use sequence analysis to order family planning across time and to contextualize it within each relationship...
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482638/determinants-of-quality-of-family-planning-counseling-among-private-health-facilities-in-lagos
#16
Doug Johnson, Jorge Ugaz
We use a unique dataset that includes an objective measure of the quality of family planning counseling from 927 private health facilities in Lagos State, Nigeria, to determine which variables at the facility and provider levels are most closely correlated with the quality of family planning counseling. Our data on quality come from mystery client surveys in which the clients posed as women seeking family planning counseling. We find that quality is strongly associated with the cadre of provider, with doctors delivering substantially higher-quality counselling than nurses...
September 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285429/ghana-2014
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285428/cambodia-2014
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285427/sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-in-the-time-of-zika-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#19
Ana Langer, Jacquelyn M Caglia, Clara Menéndez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285426/is-induced-abortion-really-declining-in-armenia
#20
Ann Jilozian, Victor Agadjanian
As in other post-Soviet settings, induced abortion has been widely used in Armenia. However, recent national survey data point to a substantial drop in abortion rates with no commensurate increase in modern contraceptive prevalence and no change in fertility levels. We use data from in-depth interviews with women of reproductive age and health providers in rural Armenia to explore possible underreporting of both contraceptive use and abortion. While we find no evidence that women understate their use of modern contraception, the analysis suggests that induced abortion might indeed be underreported...
June 2016: Studies in Family Planning
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