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Studies in Family Planning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745395/the-foreseeable-harms-of-trump-s-global-gag-rule
#1
Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Patty Skuster
As one of his first acts as President of the United States, Donald Trump signed an executive order reinstating a version of the global gag rule. Under this rule, US grantees are barred from receiving global health funding if they engage in abortion-related work: not only abortion services, but also abortion referrals and counseling or advocacy for the liberalization of abortion laws. Critics of the Trump global gag rule generally raise three classes of objections: (1) that the rule fails to accomplish its presumed objective of reducing the number of abortions; (2) that it negatively affects the health and well-being of individuals and populations in affected countries; and (3) that it interferes with governments' ability to meet their international obligations...
July 26, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722175/how-the-community-shapes-unmet-need-for-modern-contraception-an-analysis-of-44-demographic-and-health-surveys
#2
Nicholas Metheny, Rob Stephenson
Unmet need for modern contraception is a major public health concern in resource-constrained countries. Recent research supports the application of social-ecological theories to explain how characteristics of a woman's community shape modern contraception use. However, this research focuses largely on individual countries and uses a limited number of community-level effects. We fitted three random-effects logistic regression models to examine associations between 13 community-level variables and the odds of reporting unmet need, unmet need for spacing, and unmet need for limiting for all parous, female respondents in 44 DHS surveys collected in 2010-2015 (n=528,101)...
July 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620974/evaluation-of-the-nigerian-urban-reproductive-health-initiative-nurhi-program
#3
(no author information available yet)
Gaps remain in understanding whether family planning (FP) programs can change urban women's FP behaviors. Even less is known about what works among poor urban women. This article presents results of the impact evaluation of the Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (NURHI). Findings are based on recently collected longitudinal data from women and facilities in six cities in Nigeria. Over the four-year follow-up period, there was an increase of about ten percentage points in modern method use. Impact evaluation analyses using fixed-effects regression methods indicate that both demand- and supply-side program activities increased modern method use...
June 16, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518405/setting-ambitious-yet-achievable-targets-using-probabilistic-projections-meeting-demand-for-family-planning
#4
Vladimíra Kantorová, Jin Rou New, Ann Biddlecom, Leontine Alkema
In 2015, governments adopted 17 internationally agreed goals to ensure progress and well-being in the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. These new goals present a challenge for countries to set empirical targets that are ambitious yet achievable and that can account for different starting points and rates of progress. We used probabilistic projections of family planning indicators, based on a global data set and Bayesian hierarchical modeling, to generate illustrative targets at the country level...
May 18, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493283/the-current-status-of-research-on-the-integration-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-hiv-services
#5
Charlotte E Warren, Susannah H Mayhew, Jonathan Hopkins
Integration of services for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV has been widely promoted globally in the belief that both clients and health providers benefit through improvements in quality, efficient use of resources, and lower costs, helping to maximize limited health resources and provide comprehensive client-centered care. This article builds on the growing body of research on integrated sexual SRH and HIV services. It brings together critical reviews on issues within the wider SRH and rights agenda and synthesizes recent research on integrated services, drawing on the Integra Initiative and other major research...
May 10, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470971/impact-of-integrated-services-on-hiv-testing-a-nonrandomized-trial-among-kenyan-family-planning-clients
#6
Kathryn Church, Charlotte E Warren, Isolde Birdthistle, George B Ploubidis, Keith Tomlin, Weiwei Zhou, James Kimani, Timothy Abuya, Charity Ndwiga, Sedona Sweeney, Susannah H Mayhew
The impact of integrated reproductive health and HIV services on HIV testing and counseling (HTC) uptake was assessed among 882 Kenyan family planning clients using a nonrandomized cohort design within six intervention and six "comparison" facilities. The effect of integration on HTC goals (two tests over two years) was assessed using conditional logistic regression to test four "integration" exposures: a training and reorganization intervention; receipt of reproductive health and HIV services at recruitment; a functional measure of facility integration at recruitment; and a woman's cumulative exposure to functionally integrated care across different facilities over time...
May 4, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570004/errata
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422301/meeting-the-reproductive-health-needs-of-female-key-populations-affected-by-hiv-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-the-evidence
#8
Nicole B Ippoliti, Geeta Nanda, Rose Wilcher
Female sex workers and other women at high risk of acquiring HIV have the right to sexual and reproductive health, including the right to determine the number and timing of pregnancies. We conducted a literature review to examine the data that exist regarding the family planning and reproductive health needs of female key populations, the underlying determinants of these populations' vulnerability to poor reproductive health outcomes, and the obstacles they face in accessing high-quality reproductive health services...
April 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422291/barriers-and-facilitators-to-integrating-health-service-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-comparative-health-systems-and-service-analysis
#9
Manuela Colombini, Colleen Dockerty, Susannah H Mayhew
This systematic review synthesizes 11 studies of health-sector responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) in low- and middle-income countries. The services that were most comprehensive and integrated in their responsiveness to IPV were primarily in primary health and antenatal care settings. Findings suggest that the following facilitators are important: availability of clear guidelines, policies, or protocols; management support; intersectoral coordination with clear, accessible on-site and off-site referral options; adequate and trained staff with accepting and empathetic attitudes toward survivors of IPV; initial and ongoing training for health workers; and a supportive and supervised environment in which to enact new IPV protocols...
April 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398595/contribution-of-contraceptive-discontinuation-to-unintended-births-in-36-developing-countries
#10
Anrudh K Jain, William Winfrey
High contraceptive discontinuation results in millions of women having an unmet need for contraception. However, its contribution to unintended fertility is not known. Reproductive calendar data in Demographic and Health Surveys in 36 countries are used to estimate the percent of unintended recent births attributable to contraceptive discontinuation. Contraceptive discontinuation accounted for about one-third of unintended recent births in all countries together. Method failure and contraception discontinued for other reasons accounted for most of this contribution...
April 11, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337766/integration-of-family-planning-services-into-hiv-care-and-treatment-services-a-systematic-review
#11
Sabina A Haberlen, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Laura K Beres, Caitlin E Kennedy
Evidence on the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of integrating family planning (FP) and HIV services has grown significantly since the 2004 Glion Call to Action. This systematic review adds to the knowledge base by characterizing the range of models used to integrate FP into HIV care and treatment, and synthesizing the evidence on integration outcomes among women living with HIV. Fourteen studies met our inclusion criteria, eight of which were published after the last systematic review on the topic in 2013...
March 24, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263396/pregnancy-experiences-of-female-sex-workers-in-adama-city-ethiopia-complexity-of-partner-relationships-and-pregnancy-intentions
#12
Eileen A Yam, Aklilu Kidanu, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Jerry Okal, Assefa Bekele, Daniel Gudeta, Georgina Caswell
Research and programs for female sex workers (FSWs) tend to focus exclusively on HIV prevention, with little attention paid to how pregnancy affects their lives. We examine the circumstances surrounding pregnancy and childbirth among women selling sex in Ethiopia. In Adama City, researchers asked 30 FSWs aged 18 and older who had ever been pregnant to participate in in-depth interviews. The women reported on pregnancies experienced both before and after they had begun selling sex. They identified some of the fathers as clients, former partners, and current partners, but they did not know the identities of the other fathers...
March 6, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247945/links-between-education-and-age-at-marriage-among-palestinian-women-in-israel-changes-over-time
#13
Maha Sabbah-Karkaby, Haya Stier
This study focuses on the link between education and marriage timing among Israeli-Palestinian women. Theoretical discussions on marriage timing center on the effect of the time women spend in educational institutions on their age at marriage, and on the change in the desirable traits of women in the marriage market. But most of these arguments overlook situations where significant changes in education take place alongside retention of traditional patriarchal values. Based on data from three population censuses - in 1983, 1995 and 2008-our results suggest that staying longer in schooling delays marriage, so women with less education are more likely to marry earlier than others...
March 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145582/unmet-need-and-sex-investigating-the-role-of-coital-frequency-in-fertility-control
#14
Suzanne O Bell, David Bishai
We estimate the relationship between unmet need for contraception and coital frequency using data from the most recent Standard Demographic and Health Surveys conducted from 2005 to 2015. Individual-level analyses include 55 countries (n=245,732 women). The dependent variable is women's report of any sex in the last four weeks; the independent variable is current unmet need. Bivariate ecological results using country averages indicate that prevalence of unmet need is significantly negatively correlated with the proportion reporting recent sexual activity...
March 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217882/the-association-between-unintended-births-and-poor-child-development-in-india-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Abhishek Singh, Ashish Kumar Upadhyay, Ashish Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar
Evidence on the association between unintended births and poor child development in developing countries is limited. We used data from three waves of the Young Lives study on childhood poverty conducted in Andhra Pradesh in 2002, 2006-07, and 2009 to examine the association between unintended births and poor child development in India. Multivariable linear regression models were used to examine the association between unintended births and four indicators of child development-height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) score, Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT) score, and Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) test score...
February 20, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207156/integrating-community-based-family-planning-services-with-local-marine-conservation-initiatives-in-southwest-madagascar-changes-in-contraceptive-use-and-fertility
#16
Laura Robson, Martine Holston, Caroline Savitzky, Vik Mohan
This study assessed changes in contraceptive use and fertility between 2009 and 2013 in the Velondriake locally managed marine area of southwest Madagascar where marine conservation organization Blue Ventures began implementing an integrated health-environment program in 2007. The proportion of sexually active women aged 15 to 49 years using hormonal contraception and/or condoms during last intercourse increased more than twofold from 25 percent in 2009 to 59 percent in 2013. The number of births in the last 12 months per 1,000 women of reproductive age declined by 28 percent over the same period from 196 in 2009 to 141 in 2013...
February 16, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195416/progress-toward-the-goals-of-fp2020
#17
John Stover, Emily Sonneveldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134987/recent-trends-in-premarital-fertility-across-sub-saharan-africa
#18
Shelley Clark, Alissa Koski, Emily Smith-Greenaway
The rising age of first marriage across sub-Saharan Africa over the past 25 years has led many scholars to predict a concurrent increase in premarital childbearing. We examine whether this anticipated increase has materialized using data from 27 countries. Our results reveal considerable heterogeneity. Although levels of premarital fertility have risen by up to 13 percent in recent years in some African countries, other countries have experienced a 7 percent decline. Adolescent premarital childbearing, in particular, has shown marked decline in several countries...
January 30, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925674/chad-2014-15
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925673/systematic-reviews-of-mechanisms-for-financing-family-planning-findings-implications-and-future-agenda
#20
Craig L Lissner, Moazzam Ali
The article describes an international collaboration that systematically reviewed the evidence on financing mechanisms for family planning/contraception, assessed the strength of and summarized the evidence, identified research gaps, and proposed a new research agenda to address the gaps. The review found that the evidence base is weak owing to the paucity of studies, diversity in findings, and variations in intervention, study design, and outcome measures. Of more than 17,000 papers reviewed only 38 met the eligibility criteria...
December 2016: Studies in Family Planning
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