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ANS. Advances in Nursing Science

Laura Burns, Joanne Whitty-Rogers, Cathy MacDonald
Indigenous women experience a higher incidence of maternal complications compared with non-Indigenous women. Despite this, little is known about access to prenatal care for Mi'kmaq women in Nova Scotia. The intent of this study was to gain a more comprehensive understanding of Mi'kmaq women's experiences accessing prenatal care. The findings from this study highlight key implications for nursing practice such as promoting the nurse's role in supporting and advocating for Mi'kmaq women's health and for providing culturally safe care...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Tina M Mason, Cindy S Tofthagen
Grieving is a normal reaction to loss; however, not everyone is able to recover from grief and adjust to a life after the loss. "Complicated grief" (CG) is a term used to describe intense and prolonged bereavement after the loss of a loved one that interferes with normal activities accompanied by destructive thoughts and behaviors. In practice and research, the concept of CG varies in definition and instruments used to measure. This concept analysis examines relevant research related to CG experienced by caregivers to provide a clear, comprehensive definition...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Lila de Tantillo, Joseph P De Santis
Charged with making decisions to protect and enhance patient well-being, a nurse relies on nursing judgment to render effective patient care. Nursing judgment is the culmination of education, experience, and insight that allows nurses to execute the best action possible on behalf of patients. This concept analysis uses the Walker and Avant method to demonstrate the role of nursing judgment in assessments and interventions, delegation of tasks, and prioritization of care. Nurses, other health care collaborators, and recipients of health care should be aware of the role played by nursing judgment to improve patient care and the health care system...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Ahtisham Younas, Karen Parsons
By seeking answers to ontological and epistemological questions, nursing scholars explored the foundations of nursing and articulated the meaning of nursing science from various philosophical perspectives. This ongoing search for advancement and development of nursing aligns with the concept of "normal science" by Thomas Kuhn. Kuhn's science influenced nursing knowledge, resulting in the development of nursing metaparadigm and paradigms. Despite this influence, Kuhn's science's relevance for nursing science received a little scrutinization...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
John R Blakeman
Patients' care-seeking behaviors are often based on the symptoms they experience. Prodromal myocardial infarction symptoms are those symptoms that occur prior to a myocardial infarction, and fatigue is common. However, the concept of prodromal myocardial infarction fatigue has not been explored from a multidimensional perspective using a concept analysis approach. The purpose of this concept analysis was to analyze this concept, using Walker and Avant's (2011) concept analysis methodology. A comprehensive literature search revealed 41 records for analysis...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Sydney Breneol, Lisa Goldberg, Jean Watson
Advancements in the medical field have resulted in an increased number of children with complex chronic conditions that may depend on technology to sustain or optimize life. Given that nurses provide substantial physical and emotional care for these children and families during their frequent hospitalizations, the development of an authentic caring relationship is imperative. A critical review of the literature examining the experiences and unmet care needs of this population was carried out and analyzed using Watson's Caring Science to explore how nurses can create an authentic caring relationship and environment for children who are technology-dependent and their families...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Callista Roy
Some have described that nursing is at a crossroads that necessitates finding ways to balance knowledge development that is philosophical and conceptual/theoretical with the empirical inquiry, particularly of the developing related biologic sciences. This article sets a direction for nursing knowledge development that is domain-driven. The central role of nursing theory in attaining the common goals of nursing is envisioned. Recommendations include that grand theories, middle-range theories, and practice theories in tree-like fashion feed into the common goal of humanization; that all teaching tools in nursing begin with common goals and describe nursing theories as contributing to these goals; that theory-practice alliances are central in filling out the envisioned domain-driven knowledge and integrating this with practice-shaped basic sciences...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Barbara Riegel, Tiny Jaarsma, Christopher S Lee, Anna Strömberg
The Middle-Range Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness has been used widely since it was first published in 2012. With the goal of theoretical refinement in mind, we evaluated the theory to identify areas where the theory lacked clarity and could be improved. The concept of self-care monitoring was determined to be underdeveloped. We do not yet know how the process of symptom monitoring influences the symptom appraisal process. Also, the manner in which self-care monitoring and self-care management are associated was thought to need refinement...
November 19, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, Solina Richter, Bukola Oladunni Salami, Helen Vallianatos
Breastfeeding is the safest mode of infant feeding during disasters and displacement. Although challenges associated with breastfeeding during humanitarian emergencies are global, they are particularly problematic in low- and middle-income countries such as Pakistan. To examine the factors that affect breastfeeding practices of displaced mothers in disaster relief camps, an integrative review of literature was undertaken. The review suggests that the breastfeeding experiences, behaviors, and practices of displaced mothers are shaped by a combination of gender-based, sociocultural, economic, and geopolitical factors...
October 13, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Marianne Snyder
Lesbian women experience discrimination within the health care system that leads many to cautiously navigate a heteronormative system. This metasynthesis offers a richer contextual understanding about lesbian health care experiences. The 4 overarching themes that emerged are: (a) sizing up the provider and the environment, (b) to say or not to say: "paradoxes of disclosure," (c) reactions to provider's assumptions, (d) and acknowledging my partner. Lesbian women perceive their health care experiences based on the nature of the relationship with the provider...
October 13, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Ellinor Tengelin, Pia H Bülow, Ina Berndtsson, Elisabeth Dahlborg Lyckhage
The documents and literature that regulate nursing education are based on certain values and knowledge, and the underlying power in the curriculum raises the question of how health care professionals are molded during the course of their education. Norm criticism is a concept with its roots in critical pedagogy and gender and queer studies, emphasizing the origins as well as the consequences of marginalization, power, and knowledge of what is generally accepted as "normal" and "true." Norm criticism is used in this article to analyze the documents and literature underlying a nursing program in Sweden, which are shown to include a sometimes politically correct rhetoric, but one lacking a firm basis in social justice values...
October 13, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Kathleen Sitzman, Dorothy H Muller
Human caring has long been considered the primary domain of nurses and the primary function of nursing practice. Results related to the study of a Caring Science, Mindful Practice Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), suggest that Watson's Caring Science tenets are meaningful and useful for professionals who work in disciplines outside of nursing. Further study was needed to explore the degree to which Caring Science might be useful and applicable to the practices of non-nurse professionals. The study that is the focus of this article explored perceived usefulness of Watson's Caring Science for professionals from a wide array of disciplines who teach and work in online settings...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Allie Slemon, Vicky Bungay, Emily Jenkins, Helen Brown
Mental health challenges are a leading health issue, and while nurses should be well positioned to provide care to this client population, nurses are not adequately prepared for this role during their education. This qualitative narrative inquiry explored nursing students' (N = 15) experiences within their mental health practicums. Analyzed through Foucault's concept of micropower, participants' narratives illustrate that students observed nurses holding power over patients, and enacted resistance to this power in a complex interplay of empowerment and disempowerment...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Jessica Peart, Karen MacKinnon
Nursing actions in support of equitable health and social relations have always been central to the work of our discipline. The mandate for social justice advocacy is identified in many of our professional and ethical frameworks, with systems-level advocacy situated as a core competency for advanced practice nurses. And yet, the sociopolitical processes that generate health inequities are not always readily understood by nurses. Emancipatory knowing provides an accessible lens to reveal how social injustice occurs while delineating a practical structure through which reflective action can be undertaken toward social change, otherwise known as nursing praxis...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Elisabeth Dahlborg Lyckhage, Eva Brink, Berit Lindahl
By giving a brief overview of the metaconcepts in nursing, with a focus on environment, we sketch a theoretical framework for an emancipatory perspective in nursing care practice. To meet the requirements of equality in care and treatment, we have in our theoretical framework added a critical lifeworld perspective to the antioppressive practice, to meet requirements of equity in health care encounter. The proposed model of emancipatory nursing goes from overall ideological structures to ontological aspects of the everyday world...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Lindsay Williams, Carol Pavlish, Sally Maliski, Donna Washington
Women Veterans are the largest veteran population yet have significant mental health disparities, greater than both civilian women and veteran men. This article used constructivist grounded theory methods to explore the experiences of women Veterans that led to mental health outpatient service use. Twelve women Veterans revealed meaningful stories on their experiences of trauma and their use of mental health services. A broader grounded theory process model emerged, linking the categories of Trauma, Transitions, Identity, and Structure...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Doris M Boutain, Robin Evans-Agnew, Fuqin Liu, Marie-Anne S Rosemberg
Emancipatory insights about health as constituted by demographic identity codifiers remain hidden using current interview methods and analytic techniques. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how the Identity, Research, and Health Dialogic Open-Ended (I-ReH-DO) Interview was used across 3 separate research topics to enhance emancipatory knowledge development. Three featured research topics focus on health issues relevant to populations worldwide, including asthma management, hypertension management, and preconception care...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Elise A Mollohan
The concept of dietary culture is undefined in the nursing literature. This is problematic due to the significant influence of culture on group eating patterns, which impact cardiovascular health. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death, globally. The purpose of this concept analysis was to define the concept of dietary culture to increase the understanding of the relationship between diet, culture, and cardiovascular health. Walker and Avant's method was employed. This analysis of dietary culture provides insight into the internal structure of the concept for future theory development and promotes the application of the concept to nursing research and practice...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Linda M Wesp, Victoria Scheer, Ashley Ruiz, Kimberly Walker, Jennifer Weitzel, Leslie Shaw, Peninnah M Kako, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu
Nurses teach, work, and conduct research in an increasingly hostile sociopolitical climate where health inequities persist among marginalized communities. Current approaches to cultural competency do not adequately equip nurses to address these complex factors and risk perpetuating stereotypes and discrimination. A theory-driven emancipatory approach to cultural competency will instead lead to lasting change and uphold the core nursing value of commitment to social justice. This article explicates key tenets of critical race, postcolonial feminist, and intersectionality theories and then applies them, using an emancipatory approach to cultural competency that can reshape nursing education, research, and practice...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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