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Family & Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135796/voices-of-the-filipino-community-describing-the-importance-of-family-in-understanding-adolescent-behavioral-health-needs
#1
Joyce R Javier, Kristina Galura, Frank Anthony P Aliganga, Jocelyn Supan, Lawrence A Palinkas
Filipinos are a large, yet invisible, minority at high risk for adolescent behavioral health problems. Limited research describes the family as offering a source of positive support for some Filipino youths and yet for some it is also a source of stress and isolation, leading to struggles with adolescent depression and suicidal behavior. This article describes a qualitative study that investigates the role of family when understanding behavioral health needs among Filipino adolescents. Findings highlight the importance of addressing family cohesion when designing interventions aimed at improving the well-being of Filipino youth...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135795/families-and-the-juvenile-justice-system-considerations-for-family-based-interventions
#2
Bita Amani, Norweeta G Milburn, Susana Lopez, Angela Young-Brinn, Lourdes Castro, Alex Lee, Eraka Bath
We conducted focus groups with defense lawyers, clinicians, and education advocates to gather their perspectives on families' experiences with the juvenile justice system. Our quantitative descriptive analysis identified a range of themes such as discussions about the poor treatment of families as well as recommendations for a shifting of power to families. These perspectives may provide insights about the context in which families are expected to participate in interventions, meet probationary demands, and provide for their youth's well-being...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135794/fostering-oral-hygiene-habits-and-self-regulation-skills-an-intervention-with-preschool-children
#3
Martha Leticia Gaeta, Judith Cavazos, Maria Del Rosario Cabrera, Pedro Rosário
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a program to promote self-regulation for self-care skills in preschool-aged children focused on oral habits and good oral health. Participants were 210 Mexican children aged 4 to 5 years who attended the Children's Assistance Community Centers (CAIC in Spanish). Findings showed that children who participated in the program, compared with those who did not, decreased significantly the teeth-bacteria plaque. The former also improved their self-regulation skills and dental hygiene habits...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135793/an-ecological-model-of-well-being-after-sexual-assault-the-voices-of-victims-and-survivors
#4
Pamela Wadsworth, Eve Krahe, Kim Searing
In this article, the authors describe factors that enhance or detract from well-being after adult sexual assault from the perspective of sexual assault victims and survivors. The authors present a holistic view of the complex ways in which women respond to and cope with the impact of adult sexual assault while trying to create a sense of well-being. The forces that facilitate or detract from well-being are organized into an ecological model. The data originate from a grounded theory study in 2015, with 22 adult female adult sexual assault victims/survivors...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135792/the-use-of-family-rituals-in-eating-behaviors-in-hispanic-mothers
#5
Kathryn Coe, Tanya Benitez, Natasha Tasevska, Anel Arriola, Colleen Keller
Food rituals often abruptly change when Hispanic families migrate to the United States. This report describes changes in rituals of food procurement, preparation, and presentation (food-PPP) in Hispanic women following migration to the United States. Focus groups and face-to-face interviews were conducted with 13 low-income, overweight/obese Hispanic women 27 to 40 years of age. Content analysis was used to analyze cultural and contextual sources for food-PPP. Changes in rituals and traditions in food-PPP occurred, including materials and ingredients for traditional meals...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135791/an-ecological-approach-to-understanding-preventive-service-utilization-among-the-underserved
#6
Bettie Coplan
Preventive services have the potential to reduce health disparities; however, these services are underutilized, particularly among the underserved. Patients with low socioeconomic status and racial and ethnic minorities experience significant health disparities related to cancer and infectious and chronic diseases but face multilevel challenges accessing preventive care. The purpose of this article is to enhance understanding of preventive service utilization among underserved patients by providing an ecological framework that addresses factors at multiple levels that influence patient care...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135790/using-a-cultural-framework-to-assess-motivation-for-physical-activity-among-older-hispanic-women-application-of-the-pen-3-model
#7
Adriana Perez, Julie Fleury
Culturally relevant strategies for intervention design and implementation, emphasizing strengths and resources, are essential to address cardiovascular health disparities among older Hispanic women. The purpose of this article is to present the process and results of focus group discussions conducted to understand the meaning of cultural, social, and contextual strengths to promote motivation for physical activity and cardiovascular health in this population. The PEN-3 model guided analysis of focus group data...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135789/demographic-predictors-of-family-functioning-and-its-change-over-the-first-5-years-postpartum-findings-from-the-healthy-beginnings-trial
#8
Sinthu Vivekanandarajah, Li Ming Wen, Louise Baur
There are very few longitudinal studies examining family functioning in early childhood. This was a prospective cohort study to identify maternal sociodemographic factors associated with family functioning over the first 5 years postpartum, using data from the Healthy Beginnings Trial. Family functioning was measured using the General Functioning Subscale of the McMaster Family Assessment Device. A total of 667 first-time mothers participated, of which 369 remained at 5 years. Family functioning did not change significantly over the 5 years...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135788/foreword
#9
Elizabeth Reifsnider, Yolanda Davila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820790/associations-of-immigration-transition-to-cardiovascular-symptoms-experienced-in-menopausal-transition
#10
Eun-Ok Im, Young Ko, Eunice Chee, Wonshik Chee
The purpose of this study was to explore the associations of immigration transition to cardiovascular symptoms among 4 major racial/ethnic groups of 1054 midlife women in the United States. This was a secondary analysis of the data from 2 large national survey studies. The instruments included questions on background characteristics and immigration transition and the Cardiovascular Symptom Index for Midlife Women. The data were analyzed using inferential statistics including hierarchical multiple regressions...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820789/suicide-resilience-and-connectedness-across-the-lifespan-lessons-from-american-indian-and-alaska-native-elders
#11
Satya Rao, Dylan Pell, Elizabeth S England-Kennedy
Rates of suicide and associated costs are high and increasing in the United States. From 1999 through 2014, the age-adjusted suicide rate increased 24%, with the pace of increase being greater since 2006. American Indian and Alaska Native persons have significantly lower rates of suicides than other ethnic groups as elders despite experiencing some of the highest rates during adolescence. This article examines literature pertaining to suicide rates in American Indian and Alaska Native communities and proposes a framework for understanding their lower rates of suicide as elders...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820788/community-health-workers-and-the-management-of-noncommunicable-diseases-among-rural-health-clinics-in-limpopo-province-south-africa-a-pilot-study
#12
Aubrey L Doede, Taylor E Allen, JaʼLynn S Gray, Austin G Herbst, Madala C Hlungwani, Nditsheni J Ramakuela, Alice X Xie, Cathy L Campbell
South Africa's rise in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and health care provider shortages has generated the need for community health workers (CHWs) in rural areas. However, roles and interactions with clinic staff are not well understood. Interviews with health care workers at community clinics in Limpopo Province revealed common themes, including resource scarcity, clinic-patient partnerships, management of NCDs, and collaboration between professionals. The data did not support CHW-physician interactions, necessitating further research to describe these practices and to evaluate CHWs' impact on patient outcomes...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820787/the-relationship-between-parental-and-child-physical-activity-in-a-rural-community
#13
Heath Larsen, Danae Dinkel, Shane Warehime, Kris Berg
This study examined the relationship between parental and child physical activity (PA) in a rural community. Forty-one children and at least 1 parent wore pedometers to measure step count over the course of 4 days. Parents also completed a PA survey assessing parental support for PA, parental enjoyment for PA, perceived importance of PA, and their own PA levels. Parental PA level and mothers' support for PA were moderately associated with their child's PA levels. Thus, future PA promotion efforts could focus on encouraging parents, primarily mothers, to be more active to help improve their child's PA levels...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820786/models-of-care-delivery-for-patients-with-parkinson-disease-living-in-rural-areas
#14
Kristin A Schuller, Brooke Vaughan, Ian Wright
The elderly who suffer from chronic conditions have an increasingly difficult time accessing health care in rural areas compared with their healthy counterparts who seek and utilize less specialty care. Parkinson disease affects approximately 0.3% to 5% of the elderly population. However, a large portion of that population has difficulty accessing health care. The purpose of this study was to obtain an understanding of the access to care issues for patients with Parkinson disease and review solutions to aid their provision of care...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820785/collective-efficacy-physical-activity-and-health-outcomes-among-mothers
#15
Deirdre Dlugonski, Bhibha M Das, Tiesha R Martin, Autumn Palmer
Motherhood is associated with low rates of physical activity that increase disease risk. Most theory-based approaches to increasing physical activity focus on personal rather than social factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among perceptions of community collective efficacy and objectively measured physical activity, self-efficacy, social support, and health. Mothers completed questionnaires and wore a pedometer for 7 days. There was a significant, positive association between physical activity and collective efficacy-social cohesion subscale...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820784/impact-of-targeted-education-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-knowledge-and-psychosocial-attitudes-in-a-predominantly-hispanic-population
#16
Jennifer C Molokwu, Navkiran Shokar, Alok Dwivedi
Colorectal cancer remains a leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality, with screening behavior found to be influenced by knowledge and other psychosocial attitudes. We recruited 784 participants 50 to 70 years of age. The intervention arm received a culturally sensitive, literacy-appropriate educational intervention by a promotora. Surveys were completed at baseline and 6 months post. Our intervention significantly increased knowledge at 6 months when compared with control (0.74 vs 0.18, P < ...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820783/epidemiology-of-obesity-in-the-hispanic-adult-population-in-the-united-states
#17
Kimberly Y Z Forrest, Marcy J Leeds, Alexander C Ufelle
Obesity is a major health concern in Hispanic populations. This study evaluated the epidemiology of obesity and associated factors among Hispanics using the data from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the 1241 participants (20 years of age or older), the prevalence rates were as follows: overweight, 77.1%; obesity, 42.4%; and central obesity, 57.0%. These rates were consistent throughout most age groups. Significantly, more females than males were obese. Higher obesity rates were seen among those with diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, heart disease, and arthritis...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820782/foreword
#18
Bettina M Beech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323677/transferable-training-modules-building-environmental-education-opportunities-with-and-for-mexican-community-health-workers-promotores-de-salud
#19
Denise Moreno Ramírez, Lourdes Vea, James A Field, Paul B Baker, A Jay Gandolfi, Raina M Maier
Community health workers (promotores de salud) have the ability to empower communities to mitigate negative health outcomes. Current training efforts in environmental topics are lacking. This project addressed this gap by developing 4 transferable training modules on environmental health. By applying a series of surveys, interviews, and trainings, we evaluated their relevance. Partners provided favorable feedback for 3 of the 4 modules. It was also learned that the development method could be improved by engaging technically trained promotores de salud in the role of co-creators...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525447/mothers-fathers-sons-and-human-papillomavirus-immunization-practices
#20
Tami Lynn Thomas, Ora L Strickland, Melinda Higgins
Despite the fact that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV-related cancers are on the rise in men, male HPV vaccine series completion is less than 10% in many areas. This study examined parental knowledge of the HPV vaccine and intent to vaccinate their sons. A cross-sectional study of 341 parents of boys was conducted in school settings in rural southeastern Georgia. Mothers were 2.07 times more likely than fathers to vaccinate their sons. Future research directions should include strategies to increase HPV vaccination in both genders and focus on parents' perceived severity and vulnerability of their sons to HPV infection...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
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