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Oncology Nursing Forum

Julie Walker, Barbara O'Brien, Elizabeth Vera, Terri Armstrong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations of primary cancer, tumor characteristics, and cancer treatment with symptom burden and functional status. SAMPLE & SETTING: 52 patients with leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston. METHODS & VARIABLES: Records of 52 patients were reviewed, and presenting symptoms were recorded. Mean differences in number and specific symptoms and functional status were explored...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Janine Overcash, Alai Tan, Keya Patel, Anne M Noonan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship among gait, grip strength, cognition, depression, pain, and fatigue, and to identify which variables are most predictive of poor sleep. SAMPLE & SETTING: 60 women with breast cancer aged 69 years or older who were receiving treatment in the Senior Adult Oncology Program at the James Cancer Hospital at the Ohio State University. METHODS & VARIABLES: The variables were gait and grip strength (functional domains), cognition, depression, pain, and fatigue...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
(no author information available yet)
Navigation in oncology has demonstrated benefits for people at risk for or diagnosed with cancer, such as shorter time to diagnosis and treatement, increased patient and caregiver knowledge, better adherence to care, and improved quality of life. In addition, benefits to healthcare institutions, such as cost reductions through reduced rates of emergency department visits, and readmission and decreased outmigration of newly diagnosed patients, are being identified.
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Amy R Newman, Margaret F Callahan, Stacee M Lerret, Debra L Oswald, Marianne E Weiss
OBJECTIVES: To examine nurses' experiences of prognosis-related communication (PRC) with parents of children with cancer. SAMPLE & SETTING: Cross-sectional, correlational study in the pediatric oncology setting involving 316 members of the Association of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nurses. METHODS & VARIABLES: Online survey regarding individual nurse factors, PRC, interprofessional collaboration, moral distress, and perceived quality of care...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Lauri A Linder, Heather Bratton, Anna Nguyen, Kori Parker, Sarah E Wawrzynski
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study described how school-aged children with cancer represent their symptoms and associated characteristics using draw-and-tell interviews. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: 27 children aged 6-12 years receiving treatment for cancer at the Cancer Transplant Center at Primary Children's Hospital, a tertiary pediatric hospital in Salt Lake City, Utah. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: Children participated in draw-and-tell interviews while completing drawings depicting days when they felt well and days when they felt sick...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Rebecca H Lehto, Carrie Heeter, Marcel Allbritton, Michelle Wiseman
PURPOSE: Healthcare providers who are involved in the care of patients at the end of life are at risk of developing compassion fatigue, a condition characterized by emotional exhaustion and reduced professional engagement. Research has shown that development of a meditation practice can modify stress perceptions and promote quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate perceived benefits, challenges, and recommendations following participation in a workplace mobile application- and email-based meditation research program...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Carolyn Lauckner
OBJECTIVES: To examine the experiences with, opinions of, and reactions to online cancer information of loved ones of people with cancer. SAMPLE & SETTING: 10 loved ones of people with cancer recruited from a pool of participants who completed a survey about cancer website experiences. METHODS & VARIABLES: Qualitative, semistructured interview questions concerned the perceived value of and reactions to online cancer information...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Anne Katz
I have attended a number of conferences in the past few months that have included excellent sessions about precision medicine, targeted therapies, and personalized medicine. there terms may be confusing, and the generic names of the various drugs, not to mention the trade names, present some unique challenges.
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Lanell M Bellury, Jane C Clark
Occam's razor proposes that the simplest solution is preferable; however, in the science of cancer and cancer symptoms, simple solutions have been elusive. Understanding individual symptoms continues to confound the science community, and symptom cluster science appears to be an incredibly complex schema of individual symptoms co-occurring and interacting with one another. The simplest explanation for symptom clusters would be a common underlying mechanism at the human genome level. Such a finding could greatly simplify and perhaps revolutionize symptom management...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Sharyn Carrasco, Lene Symes
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Clinicians are unaware of most of their patients' symptoms. Symptoms may be poorly documented and their impact underestimated. Undertreatment of symptoms may lead to increased symptom distress and decreased quality of life. Improving the communication of symptoms to nurses is vital in symptom management and quality-of-life improvement. Electronic patient self-report of symptoms may be beneficial. LITERATURE SEARCH: An integrative review of the literature was conducted to describe the use of electronic methods for symptom self-report by patients with cancer and to inform best practices...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Sara Campagna, Silvia Gonella, Riccardo Sperlinga, Piero L Giuliano, Rosella Marchese, Rebecca Pedersini, Paola Berchialla, Valerio Dimonte
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence, severity, and self-reported characteristics of taste alterations (TAs) induced by chemotherapy and to investigate TAs across chemotherapy regimens. SAMPLE & SETTING: 243 adult patients from five outpatient practices in Northern Italy. METHODS & VARIABLES: Correlation, univariate, and multivariate linear regression analyses. Variables include TAs, symptoms reported by patients, and the effect of TAs on quality of life...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Janie Brown, Gay Refeld, Alannah Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To understand what, if any, differences exist in the perception of a breast care nurse (BCN) consultation between women who experienced a preoperative, face-to-face counseling and education opportunity with a BCN, and those who required a telephone consultation or were unable to experience a preoperative BCN consultation. SAMPLE & SETTING: A convenience sample of women in a private hospital in Western Australia who had breast surgery for breast cancer, BRCA gene mutation, or breast cancer risk reduction, and who experienced face-to-face contact, telephone contact, or no preoperative contact with a BCN...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Catherine M Bender, John D Merriman, Susan M Sereika, Amanda L Gentry, Frances E Casillo, Theresa A Koleck, Margaret Q Rosenzweig, Adam M Brufsky, Priscilla McAuliffe, Yehui Zhu, Yvette P Conley
OBJECTIVES: This study identified women with unique trajectories of executive function, concentration, and visual working memory before and during adjuvant therapy for breast cancer, and examined phenotypic and genotypic predictors associated with subgroups. SAMPLE & SETTING: 399 postmenopausal women, of whom 288 were women with early-stage breast cancer and 111 were women without breast cancer, matched on age and years of education to the women with breast cancer, and all at an urban cancer center...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
April Hazard Vallerand, Susan M Hasenau, Sheria G Robinson-Lane, Thomas N Templin
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of the Power Over Pain-Coaching (POP-C) intervention to improve functional status among African American outpatients with cancer pain.
. SAMPLE & SETTING: 310 African American patients were recruited from an urban comprehensive cancer center. The study took place in the patients' homes.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: A two-group randomized design with repeated measures was used. Data were analyzed with linear mixed effects regression analysis and structural equation change score models...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Heather Stonelake-French, Brent E Moos, Carol M Brueggen, Erin L Gravemann, Amy L Hansen, Jeanne M Voll, Ann M Dose
PURPOSE: To measure the distress of hospitalized adults with cancer and identify strategies and behaviors to manage distress.
. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: 185 adults with cancer hospitalized in a large tertiary hospital in the Midwest.
. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: This study involved a one-time assessment using the National Comprehensive Cancer Network's (NCCN's) Distress Thermometer and two open-ended questions. Demographic data were reviewed, and responses to open-ended questions were analyzed by content analysis...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Caroline Scheiber, Laura Johnston, Mary Packer, Richard Gevirtz, Katharine S Edwards, Oxana Palesh
OBJECTIVES: To assess pre-/post-transplantation changes in autonomic tone, as measured by heart rate variability (HRV), among patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and to look at those changes as they relate to post-transplantation survival rates. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: Data were derived from a sample of 27 English-speaking patients undergoing allogeneic or autologous HCT at Stanford University. 
. METHODS & VARIABLES: A survival analysis using the Kaplan-Meier estimator was employed to explore whether increased HRV would enhance survival probabilities over time among patients undergoing HCT...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Alejandra Recio-Saucedo, Anthony W Gilbert, Sue Gerty, Ramsey I Cutress, Diana Eccles, Claire Foster
PURPOSE: The implications of a diagnosis and consequent surgical treatment for breast cancer may be different for young women compared to older women. This study investigated the information requirements of young women to support their treatment decision making at diagnosis.
. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: A purposeful sample of 20 women diagnosed with breast cancer aged 40 years or younger who had undergone surgery and had participated in a large cohort study in the United Kingdom...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Susan R Mazanec, Dianne Reichlin, Haley Gittleman, Barbara J Daly
OBJECTIVES: To describe the perceived needs, preparedness, and emotional distress of male caregivers of postsurgical patients with gynecologic cancer during the transition from hospital to home. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: 50 male caregivers of patients with gynecologic cancer on an inpatient unit at University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center in Cleveland, OH.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: Caregiver needs, perceived preparedness, and emotional distress were measured at admission and at one week postdischarge...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Myung Kyung Lee, Soon-Rim Suh
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: To evaluate the effects of peer-led supportive interventions for patients with cancer.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Six electronic databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE®, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, ProQuest Medical Library, and CINAHL®) were searched for articles published from 1997 to May 2017.
. DATA EVALUATION: A total of 159 studies were identified. Eighteen (16 randomized, controlled trials [RCTs] and 2 non-RCTs) were eligible for systematic review and 16 for meta-analysis...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Margaret M Irwin, William Dudley, Laurel Northouse, Donna L Berry, Gail A Mallory
OBJECTIVES: To describe nurses' practices, confidence, and knowledge of evidence-based interventions for cancer caregiver strain and burden and to identify factors that contribute to these aspects. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: 2,055 Oncology Nursing Society members completed an emailed survey.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: Pooled analysis of survey results. Variables included the baseline nursing assessment, intervention, confidence, knowledge, strategies used, and barriers encountered...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
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