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Journal of Adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30616223/does-degree-completion-improve-non-cognitive-skills-during-early-adulthood-and-adulthood
#1
Katsuya Oi
INTRODUCTION: Non-cognitive skills, particularly in terms of risk-aversion, future-orientation, and conscientiousness, grow with age, and this phenomenon is known as personality maturation. However, significant variability in maturation among individuals exists. The technology of cognitive/non-cognitive skill formation suggests that the growth of non-cognitive skills is contingent on cognitive skills or human capital in general. The completion of formal education is a quintessential form of human capital...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30605764/a-qualitative-investigation-of-expected-versus-actual-initial-sexual-experiences-before-age-16
#2
Camille Garceau, Scott T Ronis
INTRODUCTION: Individuals often develop expectations prior to their initial sexual experiences based on external messages from peers and the broader culture. According to sexual script theory (Simon & Gagnon, 1986), these expectations form schemas about how an initial sexual experience should occur. When reality deviates from these schemas, dissatisfaction can occur (McCormick, 1987). The current study examines the contrast between expectations and reported initial sexual experiences before age 16...
December 31, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30593989/evaluating-school-and-peer-protective-factors-in-the-effects-of-interparental-conflict-on-adolescent-threat-appraisals-and-self-efficacy
#3
Devin M McCauley, Bridget B Weymouth, Mark E Feinberg, Gregory M Fosco
INTRODUCTION: Recent work has sought to understand how family-specific risk, such as exposure to interparental conflict, may generalize to developmentally-salient processes in adolescence. A cascade model has been identified in which conflict-specific threat appraisals may erode adolescents' self-efficacy over time, and in turn, undermine their psychological well-being. The goal of this study was to integrate success in the school and peer contexts as potential contextual protective factors that may mitigate the effects of interparental conflict on self-efficacy...
December 26, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30586663/perceived-parental-guan-and-school-adjustment-among-chinese-early-adolescents-the-moderating-role-of-interdependent-self-construal
#4
Xiaoyu Lan, Sara Scrimin, Ughetta Moscardino
INTRODUCTION: Previous research suggests that supportive parenting is positively related to adolescents' academic and psychological functioning. However, most extant research has focused on parenting styles observed in Western countries, whereas less is known about the role of culturally specific parenting dimensions in Eastern countries such as China. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between parental guan and school adjustment in Mainland Chinese early adolescents, postulating moderation by interdependent self-construal (ISC)...
December 23, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30583201/the-effect-of-active-and-passive-peer-encouragement-on-adolescent-risk-taking
#5
Zeena Harakeh, Anouk de Boer
INTRODUCTION: In this experiment, we investigated the effect of active (pressure) and passive (imitation) peer encouragement on adolescent risk-taking and assessed gender differences. METHOD: The participants performed the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) with the same-sex e-confederate. The experiment consisted of a 2 (passive encouragement: no/yes updates about the number of pumps of the e-confederate) by 2 (active encouragement: no/yes messages received from the e-confederate) by 2 (gender: girls/boys) by 3 (time: baseline/first message or update/second message or update) mixed design...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30583200/indicators-of-positive-youth-development-can-be-maladaptive-the-example-case-of-caring
#6
G John Geldhof, Torill Larsen, Helga Urke, Ingrid Holsen, Hillary Lewis, Corine P Tyler
INTRODUCTION: Research on positive youth development typically takes a more-is-better approach in which higher scores on measures of positive youth development indicate better outcomes. We question the validity of this assumption and describe how an imbalance among the Five Cs of Positive Youth Development can lead to a situation where "more" is actually "less." We then provide an empirical illustration using crosssectional data. METHODS: We examined conditional associations between indicators of thriving and the C of caring using survey data obtained from a sample of 2,386 students in Norway (mean age 16...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544017/school-effectiveness-and-students-future-orientation-a-multilevel-analysis-of-upper-secondary-schools-in-stockholm-sweden
#7
Susanne Alm, Sara Brolin Låftman, Julia Sandahl, Bitte Modin
INTRODUCTION: Future orientation (FO) refers to individuals' beliefs and feelings about their future. Earlier research has primarily investigated correlates of FO at the individual and family level, but it seems likely that FO is also shaped by other central agents or institutions, such as the school. Earlier studies have found positive associations between "school effectiveness" and student performance, and negative associations in relation to e.g., bullying, delinquency, and health risk behaviors...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529843/the-impact-of-stress-latent-class-membership-and-transitions-on-statutory-service-and-alcohol-use-in-adolescents-across-33-months
#8
James R Andretta, Michael T McKay
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a period of intense physical, biological, and psychological change, and this can result in feelings of stress. We examined the development of stress in early adolescence, and further, how that development impacted on both alcohol-use behaviours and utilisation of government-provided services. METHODS: We used a shortened, 24-item version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) to account for stress, and applied latent transition analysis to examine longitudinal change...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522062/it-can-be-beautiful-or-destructive-street-involved-youth-s-perceptions-of-their-romantic-relationships-and-resilience
#9
Lauren E Joly, Jennifer Connolly
INTRODUCTION: This study examined romantic relationships among street-involved youth through the overlapping perspectives of resilience, attachment and social bonding. The main goal was to assess how youth understand their romantic attachment bonds as supporting or undermining resilience. While there are qualitative reports on how the social relationships of street-involved youth are linked to resilience, romantic relationships have yet to be differentiated with regard to resilience. This paper also builds on existing research by providing further information on the characteristics of their romantic relationships, and the impact of street life and risky behaviours within relationships...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30472399/motivation-matters-development-and-validation-of-the-motivation-for-solitude-scale-short-form-mss-sf
#10
Virginia Thomas, Margarita Azmitia
INTRODUCTION: Motivation is an overlooked but crucial factor in determining whether solitude is psychologically beneficial or risky. This paper describes the development and validation of the Motivation for Solitude Scale - Short-Form (MSS-SF), a measure grounded in Self-Determination Theory that differentiates between intrinsic versus extrinsic motivations for solitude. METHODS: Emerging adult (N = 803) and adolescent (N = 176) participants were recruited in four successive samples from the United States for the purposes of scale development and validation...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30472398/considering-the-negatively-formed-identity-relationships-between-negative-identity-and-problematic-psychosocial-beliefs
#11
Shogo Hihara, Tomotaka Umemura, Kazumi Sugimura
INTRODUCTION: Developing a firm sense of identity is a critical developmental task in adolescence and emerging adulthood, but little or no empirical research exists regarding individuals who firmly form negative identities and psychosocial beliefs. This study examined the formation of negative identities in youth and its association with psychosocial beliefs in terms of variable-oriented psychosocial facets (i.e., dichotomous beliefs, cynicism, and social distrust) and person-oriented psychosocial profiles...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30471622/the-importance-of-self-efficacy-and-educational-aspirations-for-academic-achievement-in-resource-limited-countries-evidence-from-ghana
#12
David Ansong, Sarah R Eisensmith, Moses Okumu, Gina A Chowa
INTRODUCTION: Research on the influence of academic self-efficacy and educational aspirations on academic performance is underdeveloped in resource-limited countries. This study replicates and expands on earlier research that investigated a complex network of relationships between academic self-efficacy, educational aspirations, and academic performance. METHODS: Data from 4282 adolescents in Ghana and path analysis were used to test the causal pathways, and path invariance analysis was used to assess the moderation role of gender...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30471621/peer-influence-or-projection-bias-predicting-respondent-delinquency-with-perceptual-measures-of-peer-delinquency-in-22-samples
#13
Glenn D Walters
INTRODUCTION: The current study was designed to determine whether the peer influence effect is the direct result of respondents projecting their own delinquency onto peers in a process referred to as projection bias. METHODS: Data from 22 gender-homogeneous U.S. and British samples (Ns = 154 to 4098) of individuals under the age of 17 at the time of initial assessment were used to create partial correlations between perceptual measures of peer delinquency and subsequent respondent offending, controlling for concurrent respondent offending...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413279/perceptions-of-middle-school-youth-about-school-bullying
#14
REVIEW
Michele L Ybarra, Dorothy L Espelage, Alberto Valido, Jun Sung Hong, Tonya L Prescott
INTRODUCTION: Bullying prevention remains a major focus for schools yet prevention programs have yielded limited efficacy. This suggests that efforts to make the programs more salient for youth may result in greater reductions in bullying behavior. METHODS: To inform the development of a text messaging-based bullying prevention program for middle school youth, we conducted two online, asynchronous focus groups with 37 youth in grades 6-8. Youth were recruited across the United States using an online panel...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391687/forming-a-kanyakla-a-qualitative-study-to-develop-a-novel-social-support-intervention-for-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#15
Hilary T Wolf, Shantha S Chelliah, Patricia Ong'wen, Vicki Tepper, Zachary A Kwena, Craig R Cohen
INTRODUCTION: HIV is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among youth in sub Saharan Africa. This study explores the adaptation of an adult social network intervention for adolescents, entitled Kanyakla. METHODS: The study was conducted in Kisumu, Kenya from July to November 2016. Data was collected from: (1) semi-structured interviews (n = 32) with adolescents living with HIV aged 15-19; and (2) two focus group discussions (n = 21). Transcripts were coded using thematic analysis through the lens of an Adolescent Development Model...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390598/comprehensive-understanding-of-risk-and-protective-factors-related-to-adolescent-pregnancy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
Hye Won Chung, Eun Mee Kim, Ji-Eun Lee
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent pregnancy causes serious problems not only for girls, but also for their family, and society. This study aimed to understand factors related to adolescent pregnancy in low- and middle-income countries using a multilevel approach adopted by Bronfenbrenner's ecological model. METHODS: A total of 11,933 studies published in between 2000 and 2015 were identified in 4 databases. Based on inclusion criteria and risk of bias assessment, a total of 67 articles were retrieved for analysis...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347334/a-mixed-methods-examination-of-adolescents-reasons-for-pretending-to-text
#17
Sarah Tulane, J Mitchell Vaterlaus, Troy E Beckert
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine reasons adolescents give for pretending to text in various social situations. Pretending to text was conceptualized as when a person uses a cellphone to make it look like they are texting, but they are not actually sending messages. Little research is available from the adolescent perspective regarding self-presentation and avoidance when using digital devices in social contexts. METHODS: A convergent mixed methods approach was used to understand the experience of high school sophomores, juniors, and seniors (n = 216) in the United States...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390599/parental-conflicts-and-materialism-in-adolescents-emotional-insecurity-as-a-mediator
#18
Boby Ho-Hong Ching, Xiaohan Wu
INTRODUCTION: This longitudinal study investigated whether and how parental conflicts contributed to adolescents' endorsement of materialistic values. METHOD: Two hundred and fourteen Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong (102 boys; mean age = 16.52 years) completed a set of questionnaires including materialism, emotional insecurity, parental conflict behaviour, and perceptions of parents (warmth, autonomy, and involvement). RESULTS: Consistent with the psychological insecurity hypothesis and the emotional security theory, emotional insecurity mediated the connection between parental conflict behaviour and adolescents' materialism...
December 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326397/social-anxiety-and-self-compassion-in-adolescents
#19
Ciara Gill, Lindsey Watson, Charlotte Williams, Stella W Y Chan
INTRODUCTION: Social anxiety disorder is a prevalent mental illness with a young onset age. Preliminary evidence suggested that low self-compassion may contribute to adult social anxiety, but research with youth has lagged far behind. This study investigated the relationship between selfcompassion and social anxiety in adolescents. It also examined the mediating role of three cognitive mechanisms: fear of negative evaluation, self-focused attention, and cognitive avoidance. METHODS: A total of 316 adolescents (age 14-18, 54% male) recruited in Scotland, UK, completed 7 questionnaires...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321705/group-based-trajectories-of-parent-child-communication-and-parental-knowledge-between-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-girls-and-their-associations-with-substance-use
#20
Gerald T Montano, Michael P Marshal, Heather L McCauley, Elizabeth Miller, Tammy Chung, Alison E Hipwell
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority girls (SMGs) may be at high risk for substance use partially due to anti-gay discrimination. Low levels of parent-child communication and parental knowledge may contribute to this risk. This study seeks to identify parent-child communication and parental knowledge trajectories, determine the likelihood of SMGs following these trajectories, and describe the relationships between these trajectories, sexual orientation, and substance use. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of the Pittsburgh Girls Study (N = 2450), a longitudinal study on the changes in behaviors among girls throughout childhood...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
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