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Journal of Adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334632/longitudinal-relationships-of-sleep-and-inhibitory-control-deficits-to-early-adolescent-cigarette-and-alcohol-use
#1
Christopher M Warren, Nathaniel R Riggs, Mary Ann Pentz
Research in older adolescents suggests insufficient sleep may increase substance use initiation risk. This study tested whether sleep duration and dysregulation of sleep-wake patterns in late-elementary school youth were prospectively associated with cigarette and alcohol use initiation and how sleep-related changes in inhibitory control mediate these relationships. Average sleep duration at 4th grade predicted 6th grade cigarette but not alcohol use, however indirect effects were identified through 5th grade inhibitory control to both cigarette and alcohol use...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329710/feeling-the-pressure-attitudes-about-volunteering-and-their-effect-on-civic-and-political-behaviors
#2
Leticia Bode
This article examines the evolving nature of volunteering among American youth, ages 12 to 17, focusing on emergent pressures to volunteer, as required by high schools or to improve one's employment or education prospects after graduation. Using survey data (N = 736, mean age = 14.78, 75.1% white, 49.1% female), it finds these pressures are prevalent, related to a desire to volunteer, and both of these motivations are positively associated with volunteering. It further concludes that volunteering supplements, rather than replaces or subsumes both online and offline political behaviors among youth...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314148/brief-report-relations-between-harsh-discipline-from-teachers-perceived-teacher-support-and-bullying-victimization-among-high-school-students
#3
Lorelie Ann Banzon-Librojo, Melissa R Garabiles, Liane Peña Alampay
This study examined how the experience of harsh discipline from teachers is related to students' experience of bullying victimization in a Philippine high school. Respondents were 401 first- to fourth-year high school students of an urban public school in the Philippines. Using structural equation modeling, a hypothesized model with direct associations between harsh discipline and bullying victimization, and an indirect path via students' perception of teacher support, was tested. The data adequately fit the model and showed that experiences of harsh teacher discipline predicted higher bullying victimization and students' negative perception of teacher support...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288371/gender-and-other-risk-factors-associated-with-risky-behaviours-among-nigerian-adolescents
#4
Oluyemi O Akanni, Olaide N Koleoso, Anthony A Olashore, Ehigiator O Adayonfo, Adeagbo F Osundina, Olaniyi O Ayilara
Risky behaviours in adolescents, apart from substance use, and their associate factors, have not been thoroughly investigated in Nigeria. Hence, there is a need to study the prevalence of risky behaviours and their relationship with gender and other potential risk factors. Data comprising socio-demographic, risky behaviours, personality traits, religious orientation and substance use were obtained from 300 randomly selected secondary school students. Two risk groups (low and high) based on the number of risky behaviours were determined...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278431/parenting-and-youth-sexual-risk-in-context-the-role-of-community-factors
#5
Nada M Goodrum, Lisa P Armistead, Erin C Tully, Sarah L Cook, Donald Skinner
Black South African youth are disproportionately affected by HIV, and risky sexual behaviors increase youths' vulnerability to infection. U.S.-based research has highlighted several contextual influences on sexual risk, but these processes have not been examined in a South African context. In a convenience sample of Black South African caregivers and their 10-14-year-old youth (Mage = 11.7, SD = 1.4; 52.5% female), we examined the relation between parenting and youth sexual risk within the context of community-level processes, including neighborhood quality and maternal social support...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273555/relating-psychological-and-social-factors-to-academic-performance-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-high-poverty-middle-school-students
#6
Yaoran Li, Jeff Allen, Alex Casillas
We investigated the relations between middle school students' psychological factors (academic commitment and emotional control), social perceptions (family involvement and school climate), and academic performance over time. Gender differences in these relations were also examined. Based on a two-year longitudinal data set of 942 middle-school students from a high-poverty district in the United States, we found that all four factors measured in 6th grade were predictive of GPA at the end of the 7th grade above and beyond gender, race, and home intellectual materials...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259098/individual-and-contextual-factors-associated-with-tobacco-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-among-chilean-adolescents-a-multilevel-study
#7
Jorge Gaete, Ricardo Araya
We studied the association between individual and contextual variables and the use of tobacco, alcohol, or cannabis in the last 30 days preceding the study, considering the hierarchical nature of students nested in schools. We used the 7th Chilean National School Survey of Substance Use (2007) covering 45,273 students (aged 12-21 years old) along with information from 1465 schools provided by the Chilean Ministry of Education. Multilevel univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were performed...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254704/what-it-feels-like-to-be-me-linking-emotional-intelligence-identity-and-intimacy
#8
Hemali Maher, Christine N Winston, Usha Rani S
The search for the self and for an intimate other are the normative tasks of adolescence and early adulthood. The role of emotions in the resolution of these developmental tasks, however, remains largely under-studied, especially in non-western cultures. The objective of the present study, therefore, was to examine the relationships between emotional intelligence, identity, and intimacy, among Indian adolescents. Differences across genders (boys vs. girls) and types of school (gender segregated vs. integrated) were also explored...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249230/a-brief-randomized-controlled-intervention-targeting-parents-improves-grades-during-middle-school
#9
Mesmin Destin, Ryan C Svoboda
Despite a growing number of brief, psychosocial interventions that improve academic achievement, little research investigates how to leverage parents during such efforts. We designed and tested a randomized controlled intervention targeting parents to influence important discussions about the future and responses to academic difficulty experienced by their adolescent during eighth grade in the United States. We recruited experienced parents to convey the main messages of the intervention in a parent panel format...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237631/advanced-theory-of-mind-in-adolescence-do-age-gender-and-friendship-style-play-a-role
#10
Marta Białecka-Pikul, Anna Kołodziejczyk, Sandra Bosacki
The ability to recursively infer the mental states of others to explain their complex behavior in ambiguous social situation may be called Advanced Theory of Mind (aToM). The relations between two components of aToM, cognitive and affective, measured on a behavioral level in 151 Polish 13-year-olds and 174 16-year-olds was examined. The role of age, gender and friendship style and its relations to the cognitive and affective aToM was explored. Cognitive aToM was only weakly to moderately related to affective aToM...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231485/the-importance-of-teacher-support-differential-impacts-by-gender-and-sexuality
#11
Adrienne B Dessel, Alex Kulick, Laura J Wernick, Daniel Sullivan
Teachers play an important role in shaping the experiences of high school students with regard to patterns of heteronormativity and binary gender norms, particularly for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) students. A climate survey of high school students (n = 953) in the United States examined the association between students' well-being and their relationships with teachers. The sample was majority white (65.8%) and multiracial (14.1%). Cisgender (cis)-girls (49.6%), cis-boys (41...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231484/exploratory-investigation-of-theoretical-predictors-of-nomophobia-using-the-mobile-phone-involvement-questionnaire-mpiq
#12
Lidia Argumosa-Villar, Joan Boada-Grau, Andreu Vigil-Colet
Despite the advantages that the development of new technologies has brought to our lives, it is also true that the problematic use of technology can have negative effects on some people, as the prevalence of nomophobia, defined as the fear and anxiety of being unreachable via one's mobile phone. While some authors are beginning to study the relationship of nomophobia with variables such as age, no investigation has yet been carried out into psychological variables. Our study contributes to the literature by looking at personality, self-esteem, gender and age as predictors of nomophobia, evaluated by the Mobile Phone Involvement Questionnaire (MPIQ)...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214662/socioeconomic-background-and-high-school-completion-mediation-by-health-and-moderation-by-national-context
#13
Sharon R Sznitman, Liza Reisel, Atika Khurana
This study uses longitudinal data from the Norwegian Health Study linked with registry data (n = 13262) and the U.S. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (n = 3604) to examine (1) whether adolescent health mediates the well-established relationship between socioeconomic background and successful high school completion, and (2) whether this mediated pathway of influence varies by national context. Adolescents from lower educated and lower income families reported poorer health, which negatively impacted their likelihood of graduating from high school...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214661/contingent-self-worth-moderates-the-relationship-between-school-stressors-and-psychological-stress-responses
#14
Kenichiro Ishizu
This study examined the moderating role of contingent self-worth on the relationships between school stressors and psychological stress responses among Japanese adolescents. A total of 371 Japanese junior high school students (184 boys and 187 girls, Mage = 12.79 years, SD = 0.71) completed the Japanese version of the Self-Worth Contingency Questionnaire and a mental health checklist at two points separated by a two-month interval. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were then used to determine whether contingent self-worth moderated the relationship between school stressors and psychological stress responses...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212504/-kicked-out-lgbtq-youths-bathroom-experiences-and-preferences
#15
Carolyn M Porta, Amy L Gower, Christopher J Mehus, Xiaohui Yu, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Marla E Eisenberg
Attention toward who can use which gender binary, multi-stall bathroom has brought to the forefront, once again, the ways in which youth are supported or marginalized. No study has documented sexual and gender minority youths' experiences with and perspectives about bathrooms. We collected qualitative data in 2014-2015. Participants were 25 lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth, aged 14-19, in the United States and Canada. Their comments describe first- and second-hand bathroom experiences, identify advocacy efforts, and highlight the roles of peers and adults in making bathrooms safe (or not)...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192755/how-do-men-and-women-help-validation-of-a-multidimensional-measure-of-prosocial-behavior
#16
Matthew G Nielson, Laura Padilla-Walker, Erin K Holmes
The current study sought to address gender differences in prosocial behavior by creating and validating a multidimensional measure of prosocial behavior that more fully captures the ways that men help others. The new measure is directed toward family, friend, and strangers, and has five factors: defending, emotional support, inclusion, physical helping, and sharing. In Study 1, CFA analyses performed on a sample of 463 emerging adults online (mean age 23.42) revealed good model fit and divergent validity for each of the five factors...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189976/the-peer-s-point-of-view-observing-a-peer-performing-an-action-enhances-third-person-perspective-in-adolescents
#17
Massimiliano Conson, Sara Salzano, Alessandro Frolli, Elisabetta Mazzarella
Adolescents are particularly prone to peer influence. Since group membership modulates the person's tendency to take someone else's viewpoint, here we decided to investigate whether adolescents are influenced by the presence of a peer when taking another person's perspective. A group of adolescents from upper secondary schools in Naples (Italy) had to observe scenes of an actor (an adolescent or an adult) gazing, grasping, gazing/grasping an object or staying still. When required to judge the spatial location of the object, the adolescent participants adopted the actor's viewpoint (third-person perspective) more frequently when the actor was an adolescent rather than when he was an adult and when the adolescent actor grasped the object...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182979/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-conduct-disorder-and-risky-sexual-behavior
#18
Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Brett A Ewing, Erik D Storholm, Layla Parast, Elizabeth J D'Amico
Despite suggestions that there are gender differences in the association between conduct disorder (CD) and risky sexual behavior, limited empirical research has examined this question. Youth (N = 616) were recruited from four primary care clinics and completed questions related to risky sexual behavior, alcohol and marijuana use, and CD. Results of stratified multivariate models indicated that the association between CD and having four or more lifetime partners, having two or more partners in the last 3 months, and engaging in condomless sex was stronger among female youth...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167374/associations-between-alcohol-use-and-depression-symptoms-in-adolescence-examining-gender-differences-and-pathways-over-time
#19
Sarah Danzo, Arin M Connell, Elizabeth A Stormshak
Several studies examining alcohol use and depression in youth have focused on documenting prevalence of overlap, or temporal ordering in longitudinal samples. Fewer studies have examined pathways connecting alcohol use and depression over time. This study examined gender differences between depression and alcohol use across adolescence while examining peer and family pathways as possible mediators of effects. Data was collected longitudinally from 593 families from three urban public middle schools in the United States...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157666/cognitive-and-behavioural-predictors-of-adolescents-communicative-perspective-taking-and-social-relationships
#20
Elizabeth S Nilsen, Sarah A Bacso
Given the pivotal role that social interactions play for adolescents' well-being, understanding the factors that influence communication is key. The present study examined relations between adolescents' communicative perspective-taking, executive function skills, and ADHD traits and explored the role communicative perspective-taking plays in peer relations. Data was collected from a community sample of 15 to 19-years-olds (N = 46) in Waterloo, Canada. Two communicative perspective-taking tasks required participants to infer speakers' communicative intentions...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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