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Journal of Adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214662/socioeconomic-background-and-high-school-completion-mediation-by-health-and-moderation-by-national-context
#1
Sharon R Sznitman, Liza Reisel, Atika Khurana
This study uses longitudinal data from the Norwegian Health Study linked with registry data (n = 13262) and the U.S. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (n = 3604) to examine (1) whether adolescent health mediates the well-established relationship between socioeconomic background and successful high school completion, and (2) whether this mediated pathway of influence varies by national context. Adolescents from lower educated and lower income families reported poorer health, which negatively impacted their likelihood of graduating from high school...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214661/contingent-self-worth-moderates-the-relationship-between-school-stressors-and-psychological-stress-responses
#2
Kenichiro Ishizu
This study examined the moderating role of contingent self-worth on the relationships between school stressors and psychological stress responses among Japanese adolescents. A total of 371 Japanese junior high school students (184 boys and 187 girls, Mage = 12.79 years, SD = 0.71) completed the Japanese version of the Self-Worth Contingency Questionnaire and a mental health checklist at two points separated by a two-month interval. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were then used to determine whether contingent self-worth moderated the relationship between school stressors and psychological stress responses...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212504/-kicked-out-lgbtq-youths-bathroom-experiences-and-preferences
#3
Carolyn M Porta, Amy L Gower, Christopher J Mehus, Xiaohui Yu, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Marla E Eisenberg
Attention toward who can use which gender binary, multi-stall bathroom has brought to the forefront, once again, the ways in which youth are supported or marginalized. No study has documented sexual and gender minority youths' experiences with and perspectives about bathrooms. We collected qualitative data in 2014-2015. Participants were 25 lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth, aged 14-19, in the United States and Canada. Their comments describe first- and second-hand bathroom experiences, identify advocacy efforts, and highlight the roles of peers and adults in making bathrooms safe (or not)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192755/how-do-men-and-women-help-validation-of-a-multidimensional-measure-of-prosocial-behavior
#4
Matthew G Nielson, Laura Padilla-Walker, Erin K Holmes
The current study sought to address gender differences in prosocial behavior by creating and validating a multidimensional measure of prosocial behavior that more fully captures the ways that men help others. The new measure is directed toward family, friend, and strangers, and has five factors: defending, emotional support, inclusion, physical helping, and sharing. In Study 1, CFA analyses performed on a sample of 463 emerging adults online (mean age 23.42) revealed good model fit and divergent validity for each of the five factors...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189976/the-peer-s-point-of-view-observing-a-peer-performing-an-action-enhances-third-person-perspective-in-adolescents
#5
Massimiliano Conson, Sara Salzano, Alessandro Frolli, Elisabetta Mazzarella
Adolescents are particularly prone to peer influence. Since group membership modulates the person's tendency to take someone else's viewpoint, here we decided to investigate whether adolescents are influenced by the presence of a peer when taking another person's perspective. A group of adolescents from upper secondary schools in Naples (Italy) had to observe scenes of an actor (an adolescent or an adult) gazing, grasping, gazing/grasping an object or staying still. When required to judge the spatial location of the object, the adolescent participants adopted the actor's viewpoint (third-person perspective) more frequently when the actor was an adolescent rather than when he was an adult and when the adolescent actor grasped the object...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182979/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-conduct-disorder-and-risky-sexual-behavior
#6
Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Brett A Ewing, Erik D Storholm, Layla Parast, Elizabeth J D'Amico
Despite suggestions that there are gender differences in the association between conduct disorder (CD) and risky sexual behavior, limited empirical research has examined this question. Youth (N = 616) were recruited from four primary care clinics and completed questions related to risky sexual behavior, alcohol and marijuana use, and CD. Results of stratified multivariate models indicated that the association between CD and having four or more lifetime partners, having two or more partners in the last 3 months, and engaging in condomless sex was stronger among female youth...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167374/associations-between-alcohol-use-and-depression-symptoms-in-adolescence-examining-gender-differences-and-pathways-over-time
#7
Sarah Danzo, Arin M Connell, Elizabeth A Stormshak
Several studies examining alcohol use and depression in youth have focused on documenting prevalence of overlap, or temporal ordering in longitudinal samples. Fewer studies have examined pathways connecting alcohol use and depression over time. This study examined gender differences between depression and alcohol use across adolescence while examining peer and family pathways as possible mediators of effects. Data was collected longitudinally from 593 families from three urban public middle schools in the United States...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157666/cognitive-and-behavioural-predictors-of-adolescents-communicative-perspective-taking-and-social-relationships
#8
Elizabeth S Nilsen, Sarah A Bacso
Given the pivotal role that social interactions play for adolescents' well-being, understanding the factors that influence communication is key. The present study examined relations between adolescents' communicative perspective-taking, executive function skills, and ADHD traits and explored the role communicative perspective-taking plays in peer relations. Data was collected from a community sample of 15 to 19-years-olds (N = 46) in Waterloo, Canada. Two communicative perspective-taking tasks required participants to infer speakers' communicative intentions...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147302/perceived-barriers-that-prevent-high-school-students-seeking-help-from-teachers-for-bullying-and-their-effects-on-disclosure-intentions
#9
Michael J Boulton, Louise Boulton, James Down, Jessica Sanders, Helen Craddock
Many adolescents choose not to tell teachers when they have been bullied. Three studies with 12-16 year-old English adolescents addressed possible reasons. In study 1, students (N = 411, 208 females/203 males) identified reasons with no prompting. Three perceived negative outcomes were common; peers would disapprove, disclosers would feel weak/undermined, and disclosers desired autonomy. In study 2, students (N = 297, 153 females/134 males/10 unspecified) indicated how much they believed that the perceived negative outcomes would happen to them, and a substantial proportion did so...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135582/current-and-recalled-childhood-gender-identity-in-community-youth-in-comparison-to-referred-adolescents-seeking-sex-reassignment
#10
Maria Sumia, Nina Lindberg, Marja Työläjärvi, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
We studied current (GIDYQ-A) and recalled (RCGI) childhood gender identity among 719 upper secondary school students 401 girls, mean age 17.0 (SD = 0.88) years old and 318 boys, mean age 17.2 (SD = 0.86 years old in Finland. We also compared these dimensions of identity in community youth to same dimensions among adolescent sex reassignment (SR) applicants. Most community youth scored high on the normative, cis-gender end of gender experience (median score 4.9 for boys and 4.9 for girls) and recalled fairly gender typical childhood behaviours and experiences...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130974/academic-time-during-college-associations-with-mood-tiredness-and-binge-drinking-across-days-and-semesters
#11
Kaylin M Greene, Jennifer L Maggs
The current study examined the amount of time American college students spent on academics and explored whether functioning indicators (i.e., positive affect, negative affect, tiredness, and binge drinking) rose and fell with academic time across days and semesters. College students (N = 735) were followed longitudinally and completed 14 daily diaries within each of 7 semesters (N = 56,699 days). The results revealed that academic time decreased slightly during the middle semesters and then increased in later semesters...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130973/a-two-year-longitudinal-study-of-gender-differences-in-responses-to-positive-affect-and-depressive-symptoms-during-middle-adolescence
#12
Diego Gomez-Baya, Ramon Mendoza, Susana Paino, Jane E Gillham
This study aimed to analyze the prospective associations during adolescence between depressive symptoms and response styles to positive affect and to examine gender differences. A longitudinal study was conducted with three waves separated by 1 year each to assess a non-clinical sample of 622 Spanish adolescents who were 13 and 14 years old (50.2% boys, 49.8% girls). The participants completed self-report measures of depressive symptoms and responses to positive affect (emotion-focused positive rumination, self-focused positive rumination and dampening of positive emotion)...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110113/a-photo-voice-perspective-on-factors-contributing-to-the-resilience-of-hiv-positive-yoruba-adolescent-girls-in-nigeria
#13
Catherine O Adegoke, Miemsie G Steyn
There is a growing discourse worldwide on the impact of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) on "at risk youths". In response, five HIV-positive Nigerian adolescent girls were qualitatively investigated in collaboration with a non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Ibadan, an urban settlement in Nigeria in 2013. Using a secondary data analysis from a photo voice component of the research, combined with narratives, we show that participants possess the capacity to overcome their adversities from the effects of HIV infection and remain resilient...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086143/doing-for-others-youth-s-contributing-behaviors-and-psychological-engagement-in-youth-adult-partnerships
#14
Heather L Ramey, Heather L Lawford, Linda Rose-Krasnor
Youth contributions to others (e.g., volunteering) have been connected to indicators of successful development, including self-esteem, optimism, social support, and identity development. Youth-adult partnerships, which involve youth and adults working together towards a shared goal in activity settings, such as youth-serving agencies or recreation organizations, provide a unique opportunity for examining youth contributions. We examined associations between measures of youth's participation in youth-adult partnerships (psychological engagement and degree of partnering) in activity settings and youth contributing behaviors, in two Canadian samples: (a) community-involved youth (N = 153, mean age = 17...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081521/peer-victimization-in-adolescence-the-nature-progression-and-consequences-of-being-bullied-within-a-developmental-context
#15
Wendy Troop-Gordon
Since Dan Olweus's seminal work on bullying in the 1970's (Olweus, 1978), there has been a concerted effort by investigators to identify the confluence of factors that contribute to peer victimization and its role in psychosocial development. Although the cause and consequences of peer victimization may include underlying, age-invariant processes, the manifestation of these factors is, in part, driven by the developmental stage being studied. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of peer victimization requires an explicit developmental perspective...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068538/utilization-of-peers-in-services-for-youth-with-emotional-and-behavioral-challenges-a-scoping-review
#16
Geetha Gopalan, Sang Jung Lee, Ryan Harris, Mary C Acri, Michelle R Munson
This scoping review synthesizes published and unpublished information on Youth Peer Support Services (YPSS), where young adults with current or prior mental health challenges provide support services to other youth and young adults currently struggling with similar difficulties. Existing published and unpublished "grey" literature were reviewed, yielding 30 programs included for data extraction and qualitative syntheses using a descriptive analytic framework. Findings identify variations in service delivery structures, program goals, host service systems, peer roles, core competencies, training and supervision needs, outcomes for youth and young adult consumers, as well as organizational readiness needs to integrate YPSS...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068537/the-immigrant-paradox-on-internalizing-symptoms-among-immigrant-adolescents
#17
Anica G Bowe
Understanding the immigrant paradox on health outcomes among UK's immigrant adolescents will greatly complement the research on immigrants that has already been established there by economists and interdisciplinary fields. This study used the first Longitudinal Study of Young People in England 2004-2010 database (N = 15,770) to determine a) whether there was evidence of the immigrant paradox on internalizing mental health symptoms between first generation (n = 753) and second plus generation (n = 3042) 14/15 year old immigrant adolescents in England and b) whether differences (if any) were moderated by ethnicity group membership (Black African, Black Caribbean, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Asian Other, White Immigrant)...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064125/effects-of-cultural-brokering-on-individual-wellbeing-and-family-dynamics-among-immigrant-youth
#18
Vanja Lazarevic
Over 90% of immigrant youth help their parents navigate the mainstream US culture, a process known as cultural brokering. Past research has indicated that brokering can often have negative effects on development of immigrant youth and their families. The current study builds on the past literature by examining how various aspects of brokering may impact individual wellbeing and family dynamics among first generation immigrant and refugee youth from Eastern Europe (N = 197, Mage = 22.93 (SD = 2.89), 63...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056357/the-associations-of-adolescents-dating-violence-victimization-well-being-and-engagement-in-risk-behaviors
#19
Joris Van Ouytsel, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave
This brief report describes dating violence victimization among adolescents in Flanders, Belgium, and focuses on how dating violence is related to adolescents' well-being and engagement in risk behaviors, such as substance use, sexual behaviors, and engagement in vandalism or fighting. A survey was conducted in Flanders, Belgium among 1187 adolescents (61.3% female, n = 728). A total of 466 respondents between 16 and 22 years old (M = 17.82 years, SD = 0.92) were in a relationship (71.0% female, n = 331), and, therefore, formed the subsample of the present study...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038354/brief-report-the-role-of-three-dimensions-of-sexual-well-being-in-adolescents-life-satisfaction
#20
Graciela Espinosa-Hernández, Sara A Vasilenko, Jenna L McPherson, Estefania Gutierrez, Andrea Rodriguez
Guided by theoretical (Brooks-Gunn & Paikoff, 1997) and empirical work (Horne & Zimmer-Gembeck, 2005), this cross-sectional study examined whether sexual well-being (sexual self-acceptance, importance of mutual consent, importance of safe sex) was associated with life satisfaction among Mexican adolescents, and whether these associations were moderated by gender, age, and familism. Mexican adolescents (54% girls, 72% middle schoolers, 30% sexually active) completed surveys. Findings indicated that a greater belief in the importance of safe sex was associated with higher levels of life satisfaction...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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