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Journal of Adolescence

Sonia Jain, Alison K Cohen, Taylor Paglisotti, Malavika A Subramanyam, Alison Chopel, Elizabeth Miller
Little is known about the association between school climate and adolescent relationship abuse (ARA). We used 2011-2012 data from surveys of California public school students (in the United States of America) who were in a dating relationship in the last year (n = 112 378) to quantify the association between different school climate constructs and physical ARA. Fifty-two percent of students were female, and all students were in 9th or 11th grade (approximately ages 14-17). Over 11% of students reported experiencing physical ARA in the last year...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
C M Reynolds, M A Short, M Gradisar
Higher sleep spindle activity generally relates to better cognitive performance in adults, while studies in children often show the opposite. As children become young adults, there is rapid brain maturation and development of higher-order cognitive functions, and therefore investigations within this age group may elucidate the relationship between spindles and cognition in this developmental period. Twelve studies published between 2009 and 2016 were identified. Meta-analyses revealed a positive relationship between spindles and cognition overall (r = 0...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Christian S Chan, Cyanea Y S Poon, Jacklyn C Y Leung, Kristy N T Lau, Esther Y Y Lau
The effects of a delayed school start time by one hour were examined at a boarding school in Hong Kong. Two cohorts of high school students (N = 228; 61.8% female) were recruited respectively before and after a school start time changed from 7:30am to 8:30am. Both cross-cohort and within-cohort longitudinal comparisons yielded significant increase in total sleep time. Cross-cohort comparison yielded improvement in sleep quality, insomnia, life satisfaction, and psychological distress. Longitudinal data suggested that the longer the additional sleep time, the better was sleep quality, day-time functioning, and subjective wellbeing...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Marko Biberdzic, Karin Ensink, Lina Normandin, John F Clarkin
The concept of personality organization (PO) is central to current psychodynamic understanding of normal personality development as well as the development of personality disorders (PDs). However, individual differences in PO have primarily been studied in adult populations, and it remains unclear whether the clinical indicators of normal, neurotic and borderline PO manifest differently during adolescence. This study aimed to address the gaps in current knowledge regarding the potentially different manifestation of pathological PO in adolescence...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Stephanie Plenty
This study examined socioeconomic differences in risk behaviours according to youth-oriented measures of economic resources. Using a representative sample of Swedish adolescents (n = 3,939, 51% females), the associations that youth's own economy shared with smoking, drinking and conduct problems were examined. Data was based on population register and self-report information when participants were in grades 8 (T1 aged 14-15) and 9 (T2 aged 15-16). Missing activities due to financial constraints and having a cash margin were each positively associated with concurrent risk behaviours...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Laura Di Giunta, Anne-Marie R Iselin, Jennifer E Lansford, Nancy Eisenberg, Carolina Lunetti, Eriona Thartori, Emanuele Basili, Concetta Pastorelli, Dario Bacchini, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Maria Gerbino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Laura Baams, Judith Semon Dubas, Stephen T Russell, Rosemarie L Buikema, Marcel A G van Aken
Although studies have shown links between minority stress and mental health (e.g., Meyer, 2003), there is little research explaining this association. Research has suggested that adequate coping skills might protect youth from the negative impact of stress (Compas et al., 2017). Thus, we aimed to examine: 1) whether associations between minority stress and depressive symptoms occurred through mechanisms of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, and 2) whether these associations were dependent on level of problem-solving coping (moderated mediation)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Chelsie D Temmen, Lisa J Crockett
Although motivations to use alcohol have been shown to predict alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, little is known about how drinking motives develop. This study identified antecedents in adolescence of social and coping motives for drinking in early adulthood. Data came from a longitudinal study of youths in the eastern U.S. (N = 451) followed from secondary school into early adulthood (52.4% female; Mage = 23.01; SD = 1.03). In a structural equation analysis, frequency of drunkenness and peer alcohol use positively predicted young adult social motives, whereas only frequency of drunkenness predicted coping motives...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Rachel M Shulla, Russell B Toomey
This meta-analysis synthesizes the results of 14 independent studies conducted in the U.S. (N = 6979 participants) that examined sex differences in internalized, externalized, and PTSD symptoms associated with grief during adolescence. The mean age of participants was 12.22 years (SD = 2.31) with 50% male and 50% female sex assigned at birth. While no mean-level differences were found between adolescent females and males in externalizing behaviors associated with grief (d = 0.03), on average, females reported higher levels of internalized grief responses (d = 0...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Liam Mahedy, Gordon T Harold, Barbara Maughan, Frances Gardner, Ricardo Araya, Rhys Bevan Jones, Gemma Hammerton, Ruth Sellers, Anita Thapar, Stephan Collishaw
This study examines the role of paternal emotional support as a resilience promoter in offspring of mothers with depression by considering the role of fathers' mental health and the quality of the couple relationship. Two hundred and sixty-five mothers with recurrent unipolar depression, partners and adolescents from Wales were assessed. Paternal emotional support, couple relationship quality, and paternal depression were assessed at baseline; adolescent mental health symptoms were assessed using the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment at follow-up...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Maryse Guedes, António J Santos, Olívia Ribeiro, Miguel Freitas, Kenneth H Rubin, Manuela Veríssimo
Peer victimization is one of the most prominent problems during adolescence. Research has distinguished aggressive and non-aggressive victims; however, there are still significant drawbacks in understanding the social and family functioning of these different groups of victimized adolescents. This study aimed to compare social behavior and perceived attachment security to parents of Portuguese adolescents, classified as aggressive victims, non-aggressive victims and non-victims. The sample consisted of 222 adolescents (115 boys, 107 girls) who completed the Kerns Security Scale and the Extended Class Play, to assess perceived attachment security and social behavior, respectively...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Håkan Stattin, Inge Seiffge-Krenke, Leo Hendry, Marion Kloep, Wim Beyers
The aim of this special issue is to understand better the many changes in adolescent psychopathology have taken place over the last decades. The factors associated with adjustment problems and psychopathology in adolescence today are not necessarily the same as the factors that predicted problems and psychopathology in the past. But the basic strategies for connecting negative experiences with adolescent psychopathology remain as important today as they were for understanding adolescent psychopathology decades ago...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Elana R McDermott, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Stefanie Martinez-Fuentes
As the U.S. Latino youth population grows, understanding how family and individual resources may promote Latino adolescents' academic outcomes is important. The current investigation examined whether family ethnic socialization predicted adolescents' use of proactive strategies for coping with ethnic-racial discrimination and examined a potential pathway through which these contextual and individual resources may relate to educational outcomes. Drawing on data from a sample of Latino adolescents (n = 321; Mage = 15...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Mary Kathryn Cancilliere, Miryam Yusufov, Lisa Weyandt
The prevalence of marijuana use among adolescents with anxiety disorders in the USA is markedly high and well documented; however, the literature on this co-occurrence's effect on adolescent brain development and functioning is limited. This systematic review searched six databases to 1) explore the literature concerning marijuana use among adolescents with anxiety and 2) examine the effects of marijuana on brain structure and functioning. Overall, 27 studies from six countries were included in this review...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
AliceAnn Crandall, Yvonne Allsop, Carl L Hanson
This study examined the association between cognitive control capacities, suicidal thoughts and attempts, and depressive symptoms during late adolescence and young adulthood. The sample included 4192 participants (55.5% female) from the United States who participated in Waves III (2001-2002; respondent age 18-26 years) and IV (2007-2008; respondent age 24-33 years) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Suicidality in late adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in young adulthood...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Anna Vannucci, Christine McCauley Ohannessian, Kaitlin M Flannery, Andres De Los Reyes, Songqi Liu
This study examined the associations between friend conflict, defined as arguments with friends, and affective states using a daily diary design in a community sample of adolescents. Participants were 100 U.S. adolescents (13-17 years; 40% girls; 79% white). Adolescents completed an online survey on 14 consecutive evenings. Adolescents reported significantly higher anger/hostility, confusion, and tension/anxiety and less friendliness on days during which they experienced friend conflict relative to no-conflict days...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Dorien Wuyts, Bart Soenens, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Stijn Van Petegem
Although research increasingly addresses the role of parenting in fostering adolescent disclosure, most research relied on self-report measures of parenting and did not address the role of autonomy support. In the present observational study (conducted in Belgium), with 62 mother-adolescent dyads (mean age mothers = 44 years; mean age adolescents = 14 years; 77% of adolescents female), we rated mothers' provision of autonomy support during a 10-minute conversation about friendships. We found that observed maternal autonomy support was related positively to adolescents' degree of and volitional reasons for disclosure about friends...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Sean O'Rourke, Michelle Eskritt, Sandra Bosacki
We explored Canadian adolescents', emergent adults', and adults' understandings of deception in computer mediated communication (CMC) compared to face to face (FtF). Participants between 13 and 50 years read vignettes of different types of questionable behaviour that occurred online or in real life, and were asked to judge whether deception was involved, and the acceptability of the behaviour. Age groups evaluated deception similarly; however, adolescents held slightly different views from adults about what constitutes deception, suggesting that the understanding of deception continues to develop into adulthood...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Annette Grape, Hyekyun Rhee, Mona Wicks, Laurene Tumiel-Berhalter, Elizabeth Sloand
Intervention studies with urban adolescents and families affected by asthma are critical to improving the disproportionate morbidity in this population. Community-based recruitment and retention strategies in a multi-site longitudinal project evaluating an asthma self-management intervention for adolescents are presented. Successful recruitment strategies depended on the geographic and cultural characteristics of each study site. Partnering with providers and groups known to the target population and in-person contact with target population were found effective...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Stijn Van Petegem, Katrijn Brenning, Sophie Baudat, Wim Beyers, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck
The present longitudinal study tested for the role of perceived parental autonomy-support and late adolescents' self-worth in their intimacy development. A sample of 497 Belgian late adolescents (Mage  = 17.9, 43.5% girls) participated in this two-wave study. Results indicated that perceived autonomy-supportive parenting did not relate significantly to change in adolescents' experienced intimacy (in terms of closeness and mutuality), but was associated with a decrease in unmitigated agency (an excessive focus on the self) and unmitigated communion (an excessive focus on the other) across time...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
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