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Journal of Adolescence

Njeri Kagotho, Proscovia Nabunya, Fred Ssewamala, Evah Njeri Mwangi, Githinji Njenga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Giacomo Mancini, Federica Andrei, Elvis Mazzoni, Roberta Biolcati, Bruno Baldaro, Elena Trombini
Current research on trait EI in adolescents suggests that the construct impacts on several important domains of youths' psychological functioning, including school adjustment and achievement. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of trait EI and of its subcomponents, on adolescent's academic achievement. Data were collected from 321 Italian adolescents (162 female; Mage = 15.5, SD = 1.86; aged 13-18 years) recruited from secondary schools. The effects of perceived and actual peer nominations, gender, personality dimensions, and non-verbal cognitive abilities were also controlled...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Yaxuan Ren, Rui Sun, Shiyi Liao, Jianjun Zhu, Na Ma
Despite the public health significance of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents, little is known about the possible overlaps or differences between individuals with NSSI thoughts and those with NSSI actions. The present study compared between individuals with different NSSI status on self-compassion. With a sample of 606 Chinese adolescents (38.8% females; Mage = 13.58, SD = 1.04), we investigated differences on the six subscales of the Self-Compassion Scale (i.e., self-kindness/self-judgment, common humanity/isolation, and mindfulness/over-identification) across three groups: NSSI-action group (n = 86), NSSI-thought group (n = 98), and no-NSSI group (n = 422)...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Ann Marie Brady, Jessica Deighton, Stephen Stansfeld
Recent years have seen an increased focus on the high rates of psychiatric comorbidities in adults with chronic illness. This systematic review explored whether chronic illness in adolescents was similarly associated with poor psychiatric outcomes. The literature search identified 129 articles, only 5 of which were indicated to be at a low risk of methodological bias. Four of these articles found a strong relationship between asthma in adolescence and an increase in the prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders, while the remaining article, which focused on diabetes mellitus, indicated similarly increased rates of psychiatric illness...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Alaina Brenick, Linda C Halgunseth
Over the past decades, the field of bullying research has seen dramatic growth, notably with the integration of the social-ecological approach to understanding bullying. Recently, researchers (Hymel et al., 2015; Hawley & Williford, 2015) have called for further extension of the field by incorporating constructs of group processes into our investigation of the social ecologies of bullying. This brief note details the critical connections between power, social identity, group norms, social and moral reasoning about discrimination and victimization, and experiences of, evaluations of, and responses to bullying...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Lee SmithBattle, Deborah G Loman, Chutima Chantamit-O-Pas, Joanne Kraenzle Schneider
The purpose of this study was to perform an umbrella review of meta-analyses of intervention studies designed to improve outcomes of pregnant or parenting teenagers. An extensive search retrieved nine reports which provided 21 meta-analyses analyses. Data were extracted by two reviewers. Methodological quality was assessed using the AMSTAR Instrument. Most effect sizes were small but high quality studies showed significant outcomes for reduced low birth weight (RR = 0.60), repeat pregnancies/births (OR = 0...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Matthew G Nielson, Laura Padilla-Walker, Erin K Holmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Moin Syed, Linda P Juang
This study examined change in acculturation values and behavior among 310 Chinese American adolescents, and how patterns of change were related to key demographic variables and indicators of positive youth development. Dual process group-based trajectory models of change in U.S. and Chinese values and behaviors indicated a six-group solution for each. The results showed that acculturation value patterns were not related to gender, nativity, or parent education, but were related to family cohesion, self-esteem, general and academic self-efficacy, and GPA...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Lauren A Reed, Richard M Tolman, L Monique Ward
Digital dating abuse (DDA) behaviors include the use of digital media to monitor, control, threaten, harass, pressure, or coerce a dating partner. In this study, 703 high school students reported on the frequency of DDA victimization, whether they were upset by these incidents, and how they responded. Results suggest that although both girls and boys experienced DDA at similar rates of frequency (with the exception of sexual coercion), girls reported that they were more upset by these behaviors. Girls also expressed more negative emotional responses to DDA victimization than boys...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Alexander T Vazsonyi, Jakub Mikuška, Zuzana Gaššová
The current study examined the immigrant paradox in suicidal ideations and attempts, whether rates and correlates varied across immigrant/non-immigrant youth in a nationally representative sample of 7,287 Swiss adolescents (10.2% 1st generation immigrants, 10.3% 2nd generation, and 16.1% mixed parentage; Mage = 17.45, SD = 1.85, 46.6% females). Known risk and protective factors for suicidal ideations and attempts (depressive symptoms, family and peer connectedness, and demographics) were used as correlates, and their effects were compared across groups...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Petr Badura, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Dagmar Sigmundova, Erik Sigmund, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
The study assessed the association of family environment factors with adolescents' participation in organized leisure-time activities (OLTA). We used data on 10,472 Czech adolescents aged 11-15 years (49.2% boys) from the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. The associations of family support, the presence of parental screen-time rules and joint family activities with participation in at least one OLTA were assessed using logistic regression. High family support and the presence of parental screen-time rules were associated with higher odds of OLTA participation...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Alessia Passanisi, Giuseppe Craparo, Ugo Pace
In the present study, the relation between the tendency to seek supernatural connections between external events and one's own thoughts, words, and actions and gambling among late adolescents has been studied. Psychologists have called this tendency magical thinking. The principal aim of the present study was to test the fit of an explanatory model of risk that starts from magical thinking and passes through maladaptive decision-making strategies, culminating with pathological gambling. Two hundred twenty-two Italian late adolescents, regularly attending bingo halls, aged between 19 and 21 years, completed measures on magical thinking, decision-making strategies, and gambling...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Elika Nikooyeh, Fariba Zarani, Jalil Fathabadi
Drawing upon a sample of 400 female high school students in Tehran, Iran, the present study examines the mediating role of social skills and sensation seeking in the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and school adjustment in adolescent girls. Statistical analysis revealed positive correlations between trait emotional intelligence and school adjustment; trait emotional intelligence and social skills; and social skills and school adjustment. The study also revealed a negative correlation between trait emotional intelligence and sensation seeking, as well as sensation seeking and school adjustment...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Li Ping Su, Bryan Kubricht, Richard Miller
Western Studies show that father involvement is predictive of adolescent development; however, there are few studies that demonstrate this relationship in Chinese cultures, including Taiwan. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of father involvement on adolescents' development in areas of academic achievement, self-esteem, internalizing, and externalizing behaviors in Taiwan. This study utilized dyadic data of 1043 10th graders from wave 5 of a longitudinal study on adolescent development in Taiwan...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Daniela Fonseca Freitas, Susana Coimbra, Edna Maria Marturano, Susana C Marques, José Egídio Oliveira, Anne Marie Fontaine
Victimisation has a negative effect on psychosocial functioning. Based on the resilience theory, and with a sample of 2975 Portuguese students, the present study aims to: i) identify patterns of adjustment in the face of peer victimisation and perceptions of discrimination; ii) explore the association between the patterns of adjustment and the characteristics of participants (the who) and of the victimisation (the when and why). Cluster analysis revealed five patterns of adjustment: Unchallenged; Externally Maladjusted; Internally Maladjusted; Resilient, and At-Risk...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Kelley J Sittner
The proportion of youth who abstain from alcohol use decreases during adolescence but little attention has focused on factors associated with abstinence. No research has examined this question for Indigenous youth, many of whom live in communities experiencing high rates of alcohol-related health problems. Using data from a longitudinal study of Indigenous youth (n = 649, ages 10-17 years) in the U.S. and Canada, the current study investigates factors associated promoting or decreasing abstaining from alcohol use...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Colleen R O'Neal, Lynsey C Weston, Xin He, Keng-Yen Huang, Daniel S Pine, Dimitra Kamboukos, Laurie Miller Brotman
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the relations of early socialization of anger with change in adolescent depression, and moderation by child anger. Using a sample of low-income, ethnic minority children at familial risk for psychopathology in the United States (n = 92; ages 3-5; 53% female; 65% African American; 27% Latina/o), early anger socialization (i.e., parent response to child anger) was tested as a predictor of change in depression from preadolescence to adolescence [i.e., age 8 (n = 63), 11 (n = 58), and 13 (n = 44)]...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Sehee Han, Jonathan Lee, Kyung-Gook Park
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between extracurricular activities (EA) participation and youth delinquency while tackling an endogeneity problem of EA participation. Using survey data of 12th graders in South Korea (n = 1943), this study employed an instrumental variables approach to address the self-selection problem of EA participation as the data for this study was based on an observational study design. We found a positive association between EA participation and youth delinquency based on conventional regression analysis...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Enrique García Bengoechea, Philip M Wilson, Steven Dunn
This study aimed to identify different groups of adolescents who have distinct profiles based upon their perceptions of interpersonal and activity-based dimensions of the sport environment. A sample of 310 adolescents from Eastern Canada (Mage = 14.69 ± 1.60 years; 54.8% girls) completed questionnaires assessing selected interpersonal, activity-based, demographic and sport-specific variables. Using TwoStep Cluster Analysis, we identified three groupings of adolescent sport participants. Consistent with the literature, we labeled these groups 'negative context,' 'positive context,' and 'complex context,' respectively...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
Rebekah L Thomas, Adrian B Kelly, Gary C K Chan, Joanne W Williams
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which family conflict, peer bullying and psychological distress account for eating and weight loss attitudes in adolescent females. This study examined the degree to which psychological distress mediated the association between family conflict and eating and weight loss attitudes, and the association of bullying and eating and weight loss attitudes. METHOD: Females aged between 11 and 17 years (N = 5125) were recruited from schools in the State of Victoria (Australia)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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