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Journal of Adolescence

Michele L Ybarra, Dorothy L Espelage, Alberto Valido, Jun Sung Hong, Tonya L Prescott
INTRODUCTION: Bullying prevention remains a major focus for schools yet prevention programs have yielded limited efficacy. This suggests that efforts to make the programs more salient for youth may result in greater reductions in bullying behavior. METHODS: To inform the development of a text messaging-based bullying prevention program for middle school youth, we conducted two online, asynchronous focus groups with 37 youth in grades 6-8. Youth were recruited across the United States using an online panel...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Hilary T Wolf, Shantha S Chelliah, Patricia Ong'wen, Vicki Tepper, Zachary A Kwena, Craig R Cohen
INTRODUCTION: HIV is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among youth in sub Saharan Africa. This study explores the adaptation of an adult social network intervention for adolescents, entitled Kanyakla. METHODS: The study was conducted in Kisumu, Kenya from July to November 2016. Data was collected from: (1) semi-structured interviews (n = 32) with adolescents living with HIV aged 15-19; and (2) two focus group discussions (n = 21). Transcripts were coded using thematic analysis through the lens of an Adolescent Development Model...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Boby Ho-Hong Ching, Xiaohan Wu
INTRODUCTION: This longitudinal study investigated whether and how parental conflicts contributed to adolescents' endorsement of materialistic values. METHOD: Two hundred and fourteen Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong (102 boys; mean age = 16.52 years) completed a set of questionnaires including materialism, emotional insecurity, parental conflict behaviour, and perceptions of parents (warmth, autonomy, and involvement). RESULTS: Consistent with the psychological insecurity hypothesis and the emotional security theory, emotional insecurity mediated the connection between parental conflict behaviour and adolescents' materialism...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Hye Won Chung, Eun Mee Kim, Ji-Eun Lee
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent pregnancy causes serious problems not only for girls, but also for their family, and society. This study aimed to understand factors related to adolescent pregnancy in low- and middle-income countries using a multilevel approach adopted by Bronfenbrenner's ecological model. METHODS: A total of 11,933 studies published in between 2000 and 2015 were identified in 4 databases. Based on inclusion criteria and risk of bias assessment, a total of 67 articles were retrieved for analysis...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Sarah Tulane, J Mitchell Vaterlaus, Troy E Beckert
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine reasons adolescents give for pretending to text in various social situations. Pretending to text was conceptualized as when a person uses a cellphone to make it look like they are texting, but they are not actually sending messages. Little research is available from the adolescent perspective regarding self-presentation and avoidance when using digital devices in social contexts. METHODS: A convergent mixed methods approach was used to understand the experience of high school sophomores, juniors, and seniors (n = 216) in the United States...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Ciara Gill, Lindsey Watson, Charlotte Williams, Stella W Y Chan
INTRODUCTION: Social anxiety disorder is a prevalent mental illness with a young onset age. Preliminary evidence suggested that low self-compassion may contribute to adult social anxiety, but research with youth has lagged far behind. This study investigated the relationship between selfcompassion and social anxiety in adolescents. It also examined the mediating role of three cognitive mechanisms: fear of negative evaluation, self-focused attention, and cognitive avoidance. METHODS: A total of 316 adolescents (age 14-18, 54% male) recruited in Scotland, UK, completed 7 questionnaires...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Gerald T Montano, Michael P Marshal, Heather L McCauley, Elizabeth Miller, Tammy Chung, Alison E Hipwell
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority girls (SMGs) may be at high risk for substance use partially due to anti-gay discrimination. Low levels of parent-child communication and parental knowledge may contribute to this risk. This study seeks to identify parent-child communication and parental knowledge trajectories, determine the likelihood of SMGs following these trajectories, and describe the relationships between these trajectories, sexual orientation, and substance use. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of the Pittsburgh Girls Study (N = 2450), a longitudinal study on the changes in behaviors among girls throughout childhood...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Kaisa Aunola, Matilda Sorkkila, Jaana Viljaranta, Asko Tolvanen, Tatiana V Ryba
INTRODUCTION: The transition from compulsory school to upper secondary school is a challenging period for adolescents. Especially challenging it can be for adolescents who aim to integrate two domains of achievement, such as an athletic career and academic education. The pressure from two intertwined achievement domains may make student-athletes vulnerable to symptoms of burnout. The study examined the role of mothers' and fathers' affection and psychological control as possible risk or protective factors in the symptoms of school and sport burnout among 15-16 year olds adolescent athletes in Finland...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Kristen Murray, Elizabeth Rieger, Don Byrne
INTRODUCTION: Depression rises significantly in adolescence, with females reporting twice the prevalence of males into adulthood. In accordance with cognitive vulnerability theories, eating and weight-related disturbances have been implicated in this increase, but a broader assessment of body image constructs within this framework is needed. METHODS: The current prospective study examined body importance, body dissatisfaction, and body change strategies to lose weight and increase muscularity as predictors of depressive symptoms over one year in N = 298 adolescents in Canberra, Australia (at Time 2, the sample comprised n = 161 female adolescents, Mage  = 15...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
S Olofsdotter, T Furmark, C Åslund, K W Nilsson
INTRODUCTION: The role of parenting behavior is often highlighted in the development of anxiety in youth. However, previous reports are limited in terms of the specificity of relationships between different types of anxiety and parenting behaviors, informant effects on these relationships, and direction of effects. METHODS: This study investigates these questions using longitudinal data from 1350 Swedish adolescents and their parents. Adolescents' self-reports of six dimensions of anxiety and adolescents' and parents' reports of six dimensions of parenting behaviors were used in the analyses...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Marie-Hélène Doucet, Maria Farella Guzzo, Danielle Groleau
INTRODUCTION: Expressive writing interventions consist of brief writing sessions on thoughts and emotions and are known to yield positive benefits on adolescents' mental health. However, the psychological mechanisms explaining these effects are not clear. METHOD: This review explored the psychological processes underlying school-based expressive writing interventions with adolescents. A thematic synthesis of qualitative research consisted of identifying, appraising and summarizing the qualitative evidence of eligible studies...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Brooke A Ammerman, Sarfaraz Serang, Ross Jacobucci, Taylor A Burke, Lauren B Alloy, Michael S McCloskey
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health concern. One consistently cited risk factor for suicide is childhood maltreatment, which also may play a role in the transition from suicidal ideation to suicidal behavior. METHOD: The current study aimed to examine the relationship between childhood maltreatment and suicide attempts during adolescence (N = 4834; 52.1% female; 67.5% Caucasian). Data from the U.S. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were utilized...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Chia-Chen Yang, Sean M Holden, Mollie D K Carter, Jessica J Webb
INTRODUCTION: Social media provide a convenient platform for social comparison, an activity that should play an important role in youth's identity development at the transition to college. Yet, the identity implications of online social comparison have not been thoroughly explored. Drawing on the theories of social comparison, introspective processes, and identity distress, we examined a dual-path model. The paths from two types of social media social comparison (i.e., comparison of ability and comparison of opinion) to two introspective processes (i...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Rongqin Yu, Debra J Pepler, Daphne van de Bongardt, Wendy L Josephson, Jennifer Connolly
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests an association between internalizing symptoms and violence against others. It remains unknown whether this link exists in the context of romantic relationships. In the current study, we tested whether anxiety and depression were associated over time with adolescent dating violence perpetration. METHODS: The sample included 238 Canadian adolescents (42% boys). Using a longitudinal design, their anxiety, depressive symptoms, and dating violence perpetration were annually assessed from age 14 to 15 years...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Urszula Martyniuk, Aleksandar Štulhofer
INTRODUCTION: There are concerns that pornography use increases adolescents' sexual permissiveness, leading to sexual risk-taking. In contrast to most longitudinal explorations of the relationship between adolescent pornography use and sexual permissiveness, which were carried out in highly liberal and permissive societies, we aimed to re-assess the target relationship in a more traditional, highly religious society. METHODS: Informed by the social learning and selective exposure theoretical underpinnings, we used two independent panels of Croatian female and male adolescents (on average 16 years old) to assess the association over 18 and 24 months...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Małgorzata Wójcik
INTRODUCTION: Bullying is a universal phenomenon observed in all schools worldwide, with as many as 35% of students being involved in bullying. Group context is crucial for understanding and preventing bullying, as peers are often present in bullying situations and have key roles in maintaining, preventing, or stopping it. The aims of this study were to investigate school bullying as a social phenomenon in Poland and to understand how Polish adolescents perceive, discuss, and make sense of bullying in their communities...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Dan Liu, Albert J Ksinan, Alexander T Vazsonyi
INTRODUCTION: Supportive mothering buffers against adolescent deviance, but the precise mechanisms underlying this relationship are poorly understood. The current investigation tested the extent to which self-esteem mediated the maternal support-deviance link and whether it varied by adolescent age and sex. METHODS: Data were collected from 911 middle and high school students in the rural South (53.6% female, Mage = 14.70 years). Main model tests were completed in SEM...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Luna C Muñoz Centifanti, Louisa Boydston, Celeste Wee, Vasiliki Demetriou, Susanne MacLellan, Xenia Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous
INTRODUCTION: Girls remain an understudied group when examining delinquency. Callous-unemotional traits are chief among personality traits that relate to delinquency. Some suggest, however, that girls who evince callous-unemotional traits delay their delinquent behavior until adolescence. This transitional period encompasses physical factors that relate to engagement in risky decision making, but we don't know how these factors relate to callous-unemotional traits. Early pubertal timing shows positive associations with delinquency; we tested if this was also the case for callous-unemotional traits...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Michael T McKay, James R Andretta, Jon C Cole, Svenja Konowalczyk, Kevin E Wells, Frank C Worrell
PURPOSE: Time attitudes refer to individuals' feelings about the past, present, and future, and an increasing number of cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that positive time attitudes are significantly related to better health and well-being. We investigated time attitude profile membership and associated transitions longitudinally in United Kingdom-based adolescents, and assessed the relationship between time attitude profile development on health behaviours at + 21 months after the data collection involving time attitudes...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Margaret Nickels, Connie Siskowski, Cynthia N Lebron, Julia Belkowitz
INTRODUCTION: Children take on the role of family caregiver throughout the world. No prior published research exists surrounding the particular circumstances of the task of medication administration and management by these youth, which was explored in this study. METHODS: A series of focus groups were conducted using semi-structured interviews of 28 previously identified caregiving youth ages 12-19 years old who live in the United States. Data analysis followed guidelines of conventional content analysis...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
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