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Journal of Adolescence

Michael T McKay, James R Andretta, Jon C Cole, Svenja Konowalczyk, Kevin E Wells, Frank C Worrell
PURPOSE: Time attitudes refer to individuals' feelings about the past, present, and future, and an increasing number of cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that positive time attitudes are significantly related to better health and well-being. We investigated time attitude profile membership and associated transitions longitudinally in United Kingdom-based adolescents, and assessed the relationship between time attitude profile development on health behaviours at + 21 months after the data collection involving time attitudes...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Margaret Nickels, Connie Siskowski, Cynthia N Lebron, Julia Belkowitz
INTRODUCTION: Children take on the role of family caregiver throughout the world. No prior published research exists surrounding the particular circumstances of the task of medication administration and management by these youth, which was explored in this study. METHODS: A series of focus groups were conducted using semi-structured interviews of 28 previously identified caregiving youth ages 12-19 years old who live in the United States. Data analysis followed guidelines of conventional content analysis...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Melissa J Cox, Tim Janssen, Hector Lopez-Vergara, Nancy P Barnett, Kristina M Jackson
INTRODUCTION: While alcohol-specific parenting practices have demonstrated unique effects on adolescent substance use, their efficacy in the context of parental drinking levels has not been studied. This study assessed the influence of three alcohol-specific parenting practices (rules, punishment, communication) on adolescent alcohol use, and the degree to which those associations varied by parents' own drinking. METHODS: We conducted logistic regression analyses among US adolescents (N = 1023; 52% female; 12% Hispanic; 76% Caucasian, 5% Black, 8% mixed race, 11% other race/ethnicity; mean age at enrollment = 12...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Carolyn Ponting, Steve S Lee, Emily L Escovar, Amy M Rapp, Alvaro Camacho, Ignacio Calderon, Denise A Chavira
INTRODUCTION: Externalizing disorders are more prevalent in rural than urban settings and account for disproportionately high mental health service costs for rural adolescents. Although cultural stressors such as discrimination have been associated with externalizing problems in ethnic minority youth broadly, this relationship is understudied in Latinos, particularly those in rural settings. Further, though the associations of family processes such as familism and family conflict have been studied in relation to youth externalizing symptoms, whether these processes change in the face of adolescent discrimination stress remains unknown...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Benjamin M Bailey, Melissa Allen Heath, Aaron P Jackson, Sarah M Coyne, Marleen S Williams
INTRODUCTION: The pervasive and derogatory use of homophobic language is a threat to safe, respectful, and inclusive school environments. Group membership has been shown to influence how students use homophobic language. Previous qualitative studies have largely approached the use of this language from the theoretical framework of hegemonic masculinity. In contrast, the current study actively challenged all assumptions about the use of this language. METHOD: This study was conducted in a public high school located in a rural conservative Christian community in the Intermountain West (USA)...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Svenja Hoffmann, Laura Cortés-García, Petra Warschburger
INTRODUCTION: The goal of the present study was to identify the prospective relations between weight/shape and muscularity concerns and emotional problems in adolescents. METHODS: Self-report data of 966 German male and female adolescents were analyzed in a cross-lagged panel design. RESULTS: Analyses of latent means revealed significant correlations between weight/shape concern and emotional problems as well as between muscularity concern and emotional problems in both genders...
July 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Nuworza Kugbey, Martin Amogre Ayanore, Hubert Amu, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Awolu Adam
This study examined the prevalence and associated factors of risky sexual behaviours among 1648 school-going adolescents using the 2012 Ghana Global School-based Student Health Survey. Our findings showed 33.5% of the participants had ever had sex 32.5% had multiple sexual partners and only 26.2% reported using condom during their last sexual intercourse. Being male, older age, anxiety, loneliness, suicidal ideation, being bullied, food insecurity (hunger), current alcohol and marijuana use were significant risk factors for being sexually experienced, multiple partners, but not condom use...
July 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Holly Scott, Heather Cleland Woods
INTRODUCTION: Social media use has been linked to poor adolescent sleep outcomes, but the mechanisms behind this association are not yet well understood. This study examines links between adolescents' social media habits, fear of missing out and sleep outcomes, using path analysis to evaluate a model of proposed underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Adolescents aged 12-18 years (N = 101) completed questionnaire measures. RESULTS: Nighttime social media use was associated with later bedtimes, increased pre-sleep cognitive arousal, longer sleep onset latency and shorter sleep duration...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Ali Serdar Sağkal, Yalçın Özdemir, Nermin Koruklu
Fathers play a salient role in the children's development, especially in daughters. In this study, we examined the direct and indirect effects of father-daughter relationship on psychological outcomes of adolescent girls. A total of 310 adolescent girls aged between 14 and 18 (M = 15.88, SD = 0.89) of a Turkish population-based sample completed a battery of self-report surveys measuring perceptions related to father-daughter relationship, basic psychological need satisfaction, well-being, and ill-being...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Helena Moreira, Maria Cristina Canavarro
The current study aims to investigate whether mindful parenting and adolescents' dispositional mindfulness differ as a function of maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms and to explore the moderating role of these symptoms on the relationship between mindful parenting and adolescents' dispositional mindfulness. A sample of 685 mother-adolescent dyads was collected in Portuguese public schools. Mothers completed self-reported measures of mindful parenting and symptoms of anxiety and depression, and adolescents (aged 10-18 years) completed a measure of dispositional mindfulness...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Annika Norell-Clarke, Curt Hagquist
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between sleep duration, sleep initiation difficulties and psychological and somatic complaints. METHODS: We used three cohorts of cross-sectional Swedish questionnaire data, from the Health Behaviours of School aged Children (1985/1986, 2005/2006, 2013/2014, n=>18 000, aged 11-15). Specific complaints (e.g. pain) and total complaint load were used as outcomes of sleep duration, sleep initiation difficulties and the combination of them both...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Wan Har Chong, Gregory Arief D Liem, Vivien S Huan, Phey Ling Kit, Rebecca P Ang
INTRODUCTION: This exploratory study extends research on student engagement by examining the relationships between its different facets, students' perception of teacher support for learning and self-efficacy, and adaptive youth competencies. Guided by Reschly and Christenson's (2012) student engagement framework, affective and cognitive engagement were posited to mediate the relationships between students' perceived beliefs, adaptive competencies and behavior engagement. METHOD: 3776 Singapore Grade 7 and 8 students completed a self report survey questionnaire...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Nancy Muturi, Tandalayo Kidd, Ann Michelle Daniels, Kendra K Kattelmann, Tazrin Khan, Erika Lindshield, Susan Zies, Koushik Adhikari
INTRODUCTION: Youth empowerment programs have increasingly gained attention in public health as emphasis shifts on children and adolescents as decision makers in their health and well-being. Adolescence obesity is among the public health concerns that require more active engagement at individual and community level while empowering adolescents to take charge of their own health. This study examines the influence of youth empowerment on nutritional and physical activity factors associated with adolescence obesity...
October 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Tom J Barry, Sui P Yeung, Jennifer Y F Lau
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents, relative to adults, show impairments in learning to reduce or extinguish fear. Furthermore, they may struggle with the use of reappraisal techniques to regulate affect. Both learning and reappraisals are critical to cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) for anxiety disorders leading to the hypothesis that adolescents may respond more poorly to CBT than adults. METHODS: We use meta-regression to explore whether variability in the mean age of participants in trials of CBT for anxiety predicted variability between studies in symptom change effect sizes...
October 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Rachel C Garthe, Terri N Sullivan, Albert Farrell
INTRODUCTION: The current study examined longitudinal and bidirectional relationships between adolescent perceptions of parental support for fighting and nonviolent responses to conflict and dating violence perpetration. These relationships were examined among a sample of predominately African American youth from an economically disadvantaged urban neighborhood in the United States, a group of adolescents who may be at a high risk for dating violence and for receiving a mixture of parental support for how to respond in conflict situations...
October 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Michael Gradisar, Lauree Tilton-Weaver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Shinya Fujikawa, Shuntaro Ando, Atsushi Nishida, Satoshi Usami, Shinsuke Koike, Syudo Yamasaki, Yuko Morimoto, Rie Toriyama, Sho Kanata, Noriko Sugimoto, Tsukasa Sasaki, Toshiaki A Furukawa, Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Kiyoto Kasai
INTRODUCTION: Bullying among adolescents can cause depression and suicidality. Identifying the risk factors for bullying in early adolescence, when its prevalence tends to increase, would assist in its prevention. Although certain parenting styles are known to be associated with bullying, the association of slapping as a parental disciplinary practice with early adolescent bullying is not sufficiently understood. Furthermore, little is known about how warm parenting modifies this association although slapping and warm parenting are not mutually exclusive...
October 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Alexa Martin-Storey, Sarah Marcellin, Kelly M Purtell, Anne-Marie Tougas, Anne Lessard
INTRODUCTION: Understanding why adolescent subjective assessments of status matter to their psychosocial outcomes over and above objective assessments of socioeconomic status (SES) requires a better comprehension of how adolescents construct status in themselves and others. Using a qualitative approach, the goal of the current study was to better understand what factors adolescents use to assign status, and how their perceptions of this status vary according to their own SES. METHOD: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 32 adolescents from Quebec, Canada, from varied socioeconomic backgrounds...
October 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Bin Yu, Xinguang Chen, Bonita Stanton, Ding-Geng Din Chen, Yunan Xu, Yan Wang
INTRODUCTION: The complex relationships among HIV knowledge, condom-use skills, self-efficacy, peer influence and intention to use condoms have been rigorously investigated. However, studies guided by a linear behavior change model often explain only a limited amount of variances. This study aims to advance our understanding of the relationships through a nonlinear quantum change paradigm. METHODS: Data (n = 1970, 40.61% male, mean age 16.94 ± 0.74) from a behavioral intervention program among high school students in the Bahamas were analyzed with a chained cusp catastrophe model in two steps...
October 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Joan E Foley, Nilam Ram, Elizabeth J Susman, Marsha Weinraub
We examined relations between sleep-wake behaviors and pubertal development from age 8.5 through 15.5 years in a US-based sample of 488 boys (75% White) and 478 girls (78% White). Applying conditional nonlinear growth models to 7-waves of longitudinal data, we examined how sleep-wake behaviors are related to individual differences in the developmental timing and tempo of secondary sex characteristics. For girls, results supported the hypothesis that circadian changes in bedtimes, wake times, sleep duration, and eveningness preference were uniquely related to development of discrete aspects of secondary sex characteristics...
October 2018: Journal of Adolescence
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