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Journal of Adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331841/culture-beats-gender-the-importance-of-controlling-for-identity-and-parenting-related-risk-factors-in-adolescent-psychopathology
#1
Inge Seiffge-Krenke, Malte Persike, Elias Besevegis, Cecilia Chau, Neslihan Güney Karaman, Lyda Lannegrand-Willems, Katharzyna Lubiewska, Iffat Rohail
This study analyzed the unique effects of gender and culture on psychopathology in adolescents from seven countries after controlling for factors which might have contributed to variations in psychopathology. In a sample 2259 adolescents (M = 15 years; 54% female) from France, Germany, Turkey, Greece, Peru, Pakistan, and Poland identity stress, coping with identity stress, maternal parenting (support, psychological control, anxious rearing) and psychopathology (internalizing, externalizing and total symptomatology) were assessed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328956/predicting-post-breakup-distress-and-growth-in-emerging-adulthood-the-roles-of-relationship-satisfaction-and-emotion-regulation
#2
Jerika C Norona, Miri Scharf, Deborah P Welsh, Shmuel Shulman
With a sample of emerging adults (N = 110; 72% female) this brief report utilized self-report measures to examine the role of relationship satisfaction and emotion regulation strategies assessed at age 20 in predicting breakup distress and posttraumatic growth three years later. Results showed that higher relationship satisfaction is associated with less future breakup distress. Emotion regulation explained the ways individuals cope with distress; cognitive appraisal (in contrast to emotional suppression) predicted higher growth after experiencing a breakup...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310010/a-model-of-religious-involvement-family-processes-self-control-and-juvenile-delinquency-in-two-parent-families
#3
Siying Guo
Family processes, adolescent religious involvement, and self-control may serve as important mechanisms that mediate the relationship between parental religious involvement and delinquency. However, at present no study has systematically investigated the relationships among these factors and how these mediating mechanisms work. To address this gap, path analyses are conducted to test the hypothesized pathways whereby parental religious involvement operates to discourage delinquent behaviors of offspring. The study variables are taken from three waves of the study of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and its descendent NLSY79 Child and Young Adults at two year intervals (2000, 2002, and 2004)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310009/the-role-of-family-functioning-in-parenting-practices-of-court-involved-youth
#4
Marina Tolou-Shams, Leah Brogan, Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Meredith G Healy, Ashley Lowery, Lacey Craker, Larry K Brown
Court-involved youth engage in risky sex behaviors at higher rates than non-offending peers and are at particular risk for adverse sexual health outcomes. Parenting practices, such as parent-child sexual communication and parental monitoring, may protect court-involved youth from engaging in risky sexual behavior. Parent psychological distress and family dysfunction may, however, compromise parenting practices for court-involved youth. This study examined associations among parent mental health symptoms, family functioning, and parenting practices within 157 parent-youth dyads who were court-referred for mental health treatment...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310008/understanding-change-in-violence-related-attitudes-for-adolescents-in-relationship-education
#5
Rachel Savasuk-Luxton, Francesca Adler-Baeder, Megan L Haselschwerdt
Relationship education (RE) targets common correlates of adolescent dating violence (ADV), such as gender role beliefs (GRB) and DV acceptance (DVA), yet few studies have evaluated the influence of RE on GRB and DVA and none have considered participants' sociodemographic characteristics. Using a sample of adolescents from the United States (Mage = 15.66 years; 58% female), this study examined pre- and post-test GRB and DVA scores of RE participants (n = 1645) compared to nonparticipants (n = 522) and explored the differential and combined effects of participants' sociodemographic characteristics on change...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310007/crafting-continuity-and-change-in-saudi-society-joint-parent-youth-transition-to-adulthood-projects
#6
Hind Khalifa, Aziza A Alnuaim, Richard A Young, Sheila K Marshall, Natalee Popadiuk
Little is known about the transition to adulthood in traditional, developing countries such as Saudi Arabia. Previous research in other countries has revealed the importance of considering parents' support during the transition to adulthood. Thus, the purpose of this research was to examine how two generations negotiated the transition to adulthood. We asked the research question, What are the joint projects in which parents and youth plan and act on their plans for the youth's future? We used the action project method, an established qualitative approach, to answer these questions by observing the joint conversations of 14 parent and youth dyads...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304385/is-maternal-depression-related-to-mother-and-adolescent-reports-of-family-functioning
#7
J Carola Pérez, Soledad Coo, Matías Irarrázaval
While adolescent-parent disagreements about family functioning are common, they may also be indicative of family members' health problems and may compromise adolescent adjustment. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms and family functioning perceptions, considering both the adolescents' and their mothers' points of view. A sample of 943 Chilean dyads of adolescents (69% female, Mage = 14.43 years old) and their mothers (Mage = 43.20 years) reported their perceptions of family cohesion and adaptability...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289824/bullying-and-negative-appearance-feedback-among-adolescents-is-it-objective-or-misperceived-weight-that-matters
#8
Kirsty Lee, Jeremy Dale, Alexa Guy, Dieter Wolke
This study investigated (1) whether involvement in bullying as a bully, victim or bully-victim was associated with objectively measured overweight or underweight, or whether it was related to weight misperception (i.e., inaccurate perceptions), and (2) whether appearance-specific feedback mediated the relationship between bullying and weight misperception. In Stage 1, 2782 adolescents aged 11-16 years from British secondary schools were screened for peer bullying and victimisation. In Stage 2, 411 adolescents with weight and height data (objective n = 319, self-report n = 92) also self-reported on their weight perception and appearance-specific feedback...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288995/violence-in-brazilian-schools-analysis-of-the-effect-of-the-tamojunto-prevention-program-for-bullying-and-physical-violence
#9
Júlia D S P Gusmões, Adriana Sañudo, Juliana Y Valente, Zila M Sanchez
A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 6637 7th- and 8th-grade students in 72 public schools in 6 Brazilian cities to evaluate the effects of the European drug prevention program Unplugged, called #Tamojunto in Brazil. This article evaluates the effects of #Tamojunto on the prevention of bullying and physical violence. Baseline data were collected from both intervention and control groups prior to program implementation. Follow-up data collection was performed 9 and 21 months later. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate changes in the reporting of receiving or practicing bullying and physical violence over time...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287220/changes-in-rejection-sensitivity-across-adolescence-and-emerging-adulthood-associations-with-relationship-involvement-quality-and-coping
#10
Jerika C Norona, Valerya Tregubenko, Shira Bezalel Boiangiu, Gil Levy, Miri Scharf, Deborah P Welsh, Shmuel Shulman
Using a sample of 110 Israeli youth (72% female), the present study investigates associations between initial levels of rejection sensitivity as well as changes in rejection sensitivity from age 16 to age 23 and relationship involvement, quality, and (growth following) coping with relationship stress. Results showed that rejection sensitivity generally decreased over time into the transition to adulthood. Furthermore, levels of rejection sensitivity at age 16 predicted whether young people were romantically involved by age 23, as well as the quality of their relationships...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275082/the-thin-line-between-protection-and-conviction-experiences-with-child-protection-services-and-later-criminal-convictions-among-a-population-of-adolescents
#11
Marc Alain, Julie Marcotte, Julie Desrosiers, Daniel Turcotte, Denis Lafortune
Relying on official data provided by the Québec City Youth Center, Canada, we explore the nature and intensity of officially known criminality for all youth (N = 5399) found guilty under the provisions of the Youth Criminal Justice Act between 2003 and 2012 and assess the relationship between criminality and previous episodes of child maltreatment. This article proposes to further verify the general hypothesis stating that there are empirical links between these two phenomena. The results suggest that those youth victims of specific types of child maltreatment (physical abuse, sexual abuse) seem to be found guilty of criminal acts that are significantly in line with these earlier episodes of maltreatment...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275081/negative-reactions-to-monitoring-do-they-undermine-the-ability-of-monitoring-to-protect-adolescents
#12
Robert D Laird, Megan M Zeringue, Emily S Lambert
This study focused on adolescents' negative reactions to parental monitoring to determine whether parents should avoid excessive monitoring because adolescents find monitoring behaviors to be over-controlling and privacy invasive. Adolescents (n = 242, M age = 15.4 years; 51% female) reported monitoring, negative reactions, warmth, antisocial behavior, depressive symptoms, and disclosure. Adolescents additionally reported antisocial behavior, depressive symptoms, and disclosure one to two years later. In cross-sectional analyses, less monitoring but more negative reactions were linked with less disclosure, suggesting that negative reactions can undermine parents' ability to obtain information...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272768/left-behind-adolescents-hopes-and-fears-for-the-future-in-rural-china
#13
Jingxin Zhao, Ping Sun, Meifang Wang, Wenxin Zhang
The present study examined the contents of future hopes and fears among Chinese adolescents left behind by one or both of their rural-to-urban migrant parents compared to those from rural and urban nonmigrant families. Data from 1083 participants (50.2% boys; Mage = 13.50 years; SD = 1.06) indicated that adolescents reported future hopes and fears in a variety of life domains, including future education, academics, occupation, marriage and family, parents' and relatives' wellbeing, interpersonal relationships, leisure activities, wealth and self-related issues...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272767/the-severity-and-spread-of-adjustment-problems-of-adolescents-involved-in-mutually-hostile-interactions-with-others
#14
Håkan Stattin, Delia Latina
In the literature, bully-victims report a wider range of adjustment problems than "pure" bullies or victims. This may not be confined to the school context, but might be found in other settings as well. Involvement in mutually hostile interactions across everyday settings may more reflect adolescents' characteristic way of handling conflicts with others. We used data from a longitudinal study of a community sample of adolescents (N = 992). Cluster analyses for specific everyday settings and across settings yielded clusters high on both exposing others and being exposed to hostility...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272766/perceived-control-of-anxiety-as-a-moderator-in-the-relationship-between-anxiety-sensitivity-and-problematic-alcohol-use-among-adolescents
#15
Nathan T Kearns, Deyaun Villarreal, Renee M Cloutier, Catherine Baxley, Caitlyn Carey, Heidemarie Blumenthal
The current study examined perceived control over anxiety as a moderator in the relationship between AS and (1) alcohol use frequency and (2) binge drinking frequency among 80 community-recruited adolescents (Mage = 15.40; 40% female). Eighty-five percent of adolescents reported consuming an alcohol beverage, while 39.5% reported binge drinking. Results indicated significant interactions between AS and perceived control. More specifically, when perceived control was low, higher anxiety sensitivity was related to increased frequency of alcohol use days, but not with binge drinking days...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268108/bullying-victimization-experiences-among-middle-and-high-school-adolescents-traditional-bullying-discriminatory-harassment-and-cybervictimization
#16
Samantha Salmon, Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Janique Fortier, Tracie O Afifi
The objectives of the current study were to estimate the prevalence of nine types of bullying victimization among adolescents in Grades 7 to 12, and examine how these experiences vary according to gender and school grade. Data were drawn from the Manitoba Youth Health Survey. The sample size was N = 64 174 and included boys and girls from Grades 7 to 12. Nine types of bullying victimization were assessed. Gender and grade differences were noted with girls being more to likely than boys to report six types of victimization...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253716/maternal-relationship-quality-and-peer-social-acceptance-as-mediators-between-child-maltreatment-and-adolescent-depressive-symptoms-gender-differences
#17
Michelle Alto, Elizabeth Handley, Fred Rogosch, Dante Cicchetti, Sheree Toth
Childhood maltreatment negatively impacts the development of maternal and peer relationships and may put adolescents at risk for depression. The present study examined gender differences in maternal relationship quality and peer social acceptance as mediators of the association between childhood maltreatment and adolescent depressive symptoms in 342 (151 female, 191 male) maltreated (n = 198) and nonmaltreated (n = 144) youth in the USA. An observer report Q-Scale measure of depressive symptoms was developed and received preliminary support...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247831/persuasion-strategies-and-sexual-solicitations-and-interactions-in-online-sexual-grooming-of-adolescents-modeling-direct-and-indirect-pathways
#18
Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Carmen Almendros, Esther Calvete, Patricia De Santisteban
Online sexual grooming and exploitation of adolescents is receiving increasing social attention. Drawing on a social influence framework, the aim of this study was to test a model of the direct and mediated relationships between an adult's use of persuasion strategies and online sexual grooming of early adolescents. The initial sample of the study consisted of 2731 early Spanish adolescents between 12 and 15 years old (50.6% female). Of these, 196 adolescents (7.17% of the total; 53% girls) were involved in online grooming (mean age = 14...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222968/student-teacher-relationships-and-bullying-the-role-of-student-social-status
#19
C Longobardi, N O Iotti, T Jungert, M Settanni
Student-teacher relationships have been shown to influence bullying-related behaviors in students. This study considered the moderating role of students' social statuses in the classroom. The study sample included 435 students (48.7% females) taken from 18 Italian middle-school classrooms (i.e., sixth to eighth grade). A multigroup path analysis approach was employed to examine whether the effects of the student-teacher relationships on bullying-related behaviors differed among social statuses. The results showed that perceived conflict with the teacher was shown to have a significant positive effect on students' engagement in active bullying for students from all the statuses, except for neglected students...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197702/longitudinal-relations-between-adolescents-materialism-and-prosocial-behavior-toward-family-friends-and-strangers
#20
Zhixu Yang, Xinyuan Fu, Xiaoxia Yu, Yichen Lv
The present study examines the short-term changes and longitudinal relations between adolescents' materialism and prosocial behavior toward family, friends, and strangers over a year. A total of 434 Chinese adolescents (mean age at Time 1 = 11.27; 54% girls) participated in the two time points. From 6th grade to 7th grade, boys' and girls' materialism increased, whereas their prosocial behavior toward family, friends, and strangers declined, despite the stable trend in boys' prosocial behavior toward strangers...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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