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Current Microbiology

Ning Huang, Xiaoming Pu, Jingxin Zhang, Huifang Shen, Qiyun Yang, Zhongwen Wang, Birun Lin
Bacterial soft rot caused by Dickeya zeae MS1 (Erwinia chrysanthemi) is one of the most devastating banana diseases worldwide. However, knowledge of the development and ecological interactions of D. zeae MS1 biofilm is limited. Here, we visualized the development and architecture of D. zeae MS1 biofilm using confocal laser scanning microscopy, and we evaluated the ability of D. zeae MS1 to form biofilms under different environmental conditions (carbon sources, temperatures, pH levels and mineral elements) using a microtiter plate assay...
November 2, 2018: Current Microbiology
Yue Huo, Jong-Pyo Kang, Jong-Chan Ahn, Dong-Uk Yang, Deok-Chun Yang
A Gram-positive bacterium (DCY118T ) was isolated from ginseng-cultivated soil in Gochang-gun, Republic of Korea. This isolate was assigned to the genus Ornithinimicrobium and is closely related to Ornithinimicrobium kibberense K22-20T (98.8%), O. pekingense DSM 21552T (98.5%), O. algicola JC311T (98.2%), and O. humiphilum DSM 12362T (97.9%) based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. However, strain DCY118T showed < 55% DNA-DNA homology with closely related reference strains. Cells were non-motile, non-sporulating, catalase- and oxidase-positive, aerobic, short rods, and cocci, and produced light-yellow, circular, and smooth colonies on TSA medium...
October 31, 2018: Current Microbiology
Sandeep Newase, Balu P Kapadnis, Ravindranath Shashidhar
The prevalence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella is ever increasing and calls for alternatives to antibiotics. The use of phages has been anticipated to reduce the multidrug-resistant human pathogens in food environment. Salmonella phage vB_SalM_PM10 (PM10) was isolated from sewage-polluted river in India. It shows an icosahedral head (94 ± 4 nm) along with a long contractile tail (106 ± 7 × 18 ± 2 nm), a morphotype of family Ackermannviridae. Additionally, the phage displayed the features resembling to existing Cba120viruses...
October 25, 2018: Current Microbiology
Miri K Pannu, Deborah A Hudman, Neil J Sargentini, Vineet K Singh
Staphylococcus aureus is a potent human pathogen. The virulence of this bacterium depends on a multitude of factors that it produces. One such virulence factor is the golden pigment, staphyloxanthin, which has been shown to protect the bacterium from oxidative stress. Expression of the staphyloxanthin biosynthetic pathway is dependent on SigB, a global stress response regulator in S. aureus. This study investigated the role of staphyloxanthin and SigB in protection of S. aureus from radiation damage. Using stationary-phase bacterial cells, it was determined that the staphyloxanthin-deficient (crt mutant) strain was significantly sensitive to UV radiation (~ threefold), but not sensitive to X-radiation...
October 23, 2018: Current Microbiology
Xiao Chen, Jihua Liu, Yongle Xu, Yanan Wang, Xiaojun Yan
A Gram-negative, motile, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain with tufty polar flagella, JLT1363T , was isolated from the South China Sea. The bacteria formed yellow colonies on rich organic medium. The major cellular fatty acids present in JLT1363T were C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c (36.06%), C17:1 ω6c (17.04%), C14:0 2-OH (9.85%), and C16:0 (8.09%). The genome size was ~3.12 Mbps with a G+C content of 64.9%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain JLT1363T fell within the genus Erythrobacter...
October 20, 2018: Current Microbiology
Lin Che, Weiping Xu, Jingjing Zhan, Lei Zhang, Lifen Liu, Hao Zhou
Metallic selenides nanomaterials are widely used in many fields, especially for photothermal therapy and thermoelectric devices. However, the traditional chemogenic methods are energy-intensive and environmentally unfriendly. In this study, the first complete genome data of a metallic selenides producing bacterium Bacillus cereus CC-1 was reported. This strain can not only reduce selenite and selenate into elemental selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs), but also synthesize several metallic selenides nanoparticles when adding metal ions (Pb2+ , Ag+ and Bi3+ ) and selenite simultaneously...
October 20, 2018: Current Microbiology
Ujwala Amberkar, Rakhee Khandeparker, Pankaj Parab
This study analyses the induction and repression of nitrate reduction activity in a batch culture of Idiomarina strain cos21. On a change from aerobic to anaerobic respiration, the culture entered a stationary phase. The onset of this phase showed 3.75 fold increase in mRNA levels for the nitrate reductase enzyme. mRNA accumulated very rapidly during a short period, after which its overall concentration declined to reach a lower value. The level of nitrite reductase protein reached a maximum value at 36 h of growth when the oxygen concentration dropped below 10 µM...
October 19, 2018: Current Microbiology
Marion E Fraunhofer, Andreas J Geißler, Jürgen Behr, Rudi F Vogel
Lactobacillus (L.) brevis represents a versatile, ubiquitistic species of lactic acid bacteria, occurring in various foods, as well as plants and intestinal tracts. The ability to deal with considerably differing environmental conditions in the respective ecological niches implies a genomic adaptation to the particular requirements to use it as a habitat beyond a transient state. Given the isolation source, 24 L. brevis genomes were analyzed via comparative genomics to get a broad view of the genomic complexity and ecological versatility of this species...
October 19, 2018: Current Microbiology
Yao Xu, Jinting Lv, Chizhen Xie, Siqi Sun, Lixia Ke, Shaoxing Chen
An extremely halophilic archaeon, strain ZY8T , was isolated from a rock salt of Yunnan salt mine. It was able to grow at 12-30% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 15-20%), pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.5), and 20-45 °C (optimum, 42 °C). Sequence similarity search of its 16S rRNA gene showed that strain ZY8T belonged to the genus Halorubrum, and it is closely related to species of H. aethiopicum SAH-A6T (98.6%), H. aquaticum EN-2T (98.6%), and H. halodurans Cb34T (98.5%), respectively. Strain ZY8T contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester and phosphatidylglycerol sulfate as its major phospholipids, and a sulfated diglycosyl diether as its major glycolipid...
October 13, 2018: Current Microbiology
Ke Ding, Chunjie Zhang, Jing Li, Songbiao Chen, Chengshui Liao, Xiangchao Cheng, Chuang Yu, Zuhua Yu, Yanyan Jia
We studied the role of glycolysis in the mechanism of cAMP receptor protein-induced macrophage cell death of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium). Cell apoptosis, caspase-3, -8, -9 enzyme activity, and pyruvic acid, lactic acid, ATP, and hexokinase (HK) contents were determined after infection of macrophages with S. Typhimurium SL1344 wild-type and a cAMP receptor protein mutant strain. While cell apoptosis, caspase-3, -8, -9 enzyme activity, lactic acid, hexokinase, and ATP levels significantly changed by infection with crp mutants compared to the wild-type strain (P < 0...
October 12, 2018: Current Microbiology
Tong Jia, Rui-Hong Wang, Bao-Feng Chai
Copper mining caused severe damage to the ecological environment of mining areas. The combination of microbe and plant remediation has an application potential in improving the absorption and transformation efficiency of heavy metals. The phyllosphere is the largest biointerface on the planet, and bacteria are the dominant microbial inhabitants of the phyllosphere, believed to be critical to plant growth and health. This study investigated the phyllospheric and soil bacteria communities using high-throughput sequencing, and endophyte infection statuses of four natural grasses by toluidine blue heparin assay...
October 11, 2018: Current Microbiology
Anthi-Marina Markantonatou, Konstantinos Samaras, Evangelia Yannaki, Evaggelia Zachrou, Timoleon-Achilleas Vyzantiadis
Aspergillus galactomannan immunoassay is a main diagnostic and monitoring tool in medical mycology. However, the specificity of the method can be skewered by the presence of several other fungi. Trying to diagnose a possible fungal infection of the lower respiratory tract in a haematology patient, it appeared that the fungus Trichoderma longibrachiatum is an additional probable cause of positive galactomannan results. Although, that Trichoderma is a rare but emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients, the above information could be a caution point in the clinical evaluation of diagnostic results...
October 11, 2018: Current Microbiology
Sumarin Soonsanga, Amporn Rungrod, Mongkon Audtho, Boonhiang Promdonkoy
Vip3Aa (vegetative insecticidal protein) secreted by Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is highly toxic to lepidopteran insects. The Bt isolate M190 produces Vip3Aa35 at high concentrations, and Vip3Aa35 was found to be very effective against Spodoptera exigua. Unfortunately, the use of Vip3Aa35 in pest control is limited by its short shelf life when stored at high temperatures, retaining activity for only 1 month at 37 °C. To find a more stable alternative, we screened 500 isolates of Bt collected from various locations in Thailand and discovered Bt isolate 294 which produced large amounts of Vip3Aa64 that exhibited high toxicity against S...
October 9, 2018: Current Microbiology
Shanshan Chen, Pei Cao, Fengxuan Lang, Zhen Wu, Daodong Pan, Xiaoqun Zeng, Liwei Lian
Lactic acid bacteria are the majority fermentation starter in the traditional fermented foods. In this research, a promising Lactobacillus plantarum was isolated from Sichuan pickle and its adhesion properties were analyzed in simulated gastrointestinal fluid with different methods. Meanwhile, the immunomodulatory effect of this strain was also evaluated in the Caco-2 cells. Results found that adhesion-related mub genes and other genes like lsp and tuf were upregulated in different culture times. Furthermore, L...
October 9, 2018: Current Microbiology
Min Zhu, Min Wang, Yong Jiang, Siyuan You, Guihua Zhao, Yundan Liu, Qingwei Yang, Qian Liu, Zhaoyang Liu, Zheng Gong, Hongbing Shao
We used the double-agar layer method to isolate a novel Marinobacter marina bacteriophage, B23, from the surface water sample of the Bohai sea of China. There is some work to better understand the phage. The result of transmission electron microscopy revealed that B23 belongs to the family Siphoviridae with a head of 80 nm in diameter and a tail of 230 nm. Microbiological characterization evidenced that phage B23 is stable at the temperatures from - 25 to 60 °C, and showed vigorous vitality at pH between 4...
September 14, 2018: Current Microbiology
Edimar A Moreira, Thabata M Alvarez, Gabriela F Persinoti, Douglas Antonio Alvaredo Paixão, Letícia R Menezes, João P Franco Cairo, Fabio Marcio Squina, Ana M Costa-Leonardo, Tiago Carrijo, Alberto Arab
The evolution of the symbiotic association with microbes allowed termites to decompose ingested lignocellulose from plant-derived substrates, including herbivore dung and soil humus. Representatives of the Syntermitinae (Termitidae) range in their feeding habits from wood and litter-feeding to humus-feeding species. However, only limited information is available about their feeding ecology and associated microbial communities. Here we conducted a study of the microbial communities associated to the termite Procornitermes araujoi using Illumina sequencing of the 16S and ITS rRNA genes...
September 12, 2018: Current Microbiology
Zhiying Li, Xin Liu, Ruirui Liu, Lulu Li, Lin Wang, Weiwei Wang
The microbial diversity and the monthly fluctuations in Medicago sativa field soil in response to hydrogen gas were investigated. Illumina high-throughput sequencing was used to analyze the bacteria in raw and hydrogen-treated rhizosphere soil. Among the 18 soil samples, the abundance change of the predominant phyla Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria showed opposite trends. The diversity index analysis of the nine leguminous soil samples showed the highest diversity of the microbial community in July. In the other nine soil samples treated with hydrogen, the microbial diversity decreased and the diversity of soil microorganisms in September was higher than that in July, but not significantly so...
September 11, 2018: Current Microbiology
Roqayya Mumtaz, Samina Bashir, Muhammad Numan, Zabta Khan Shinwari, Muhammad Ali
Advancement in research on dyes obtained from natural sources e.g., plants, animals, insects and micro-organisms is widening the application of natural dyes in various fields. The natural dyes substituted their synthetic analogs at the beginning of twentieth century due to their improved quality, value, ease of production, ease of dyeing and some other factors. This era of dominance ended soon when toxic effects of synthetic dyes were reported. In the last few decades, pigments from micro-organisms especially soil derived bacteria is replacing dyes from other natural sources because of the increasing demand for safe, non-toxic, and biodegradable natural product...
September 3, 2018: Current Microbiology
Lei Liu, Haihong Fang, Yinjuan Ding, Yaqiong Zheng, Liping Cai, Shangen Zheng, Yiquan Zhang
Yersinia pestis is a dangerous bacterial pathogen that can cause plague. Both RovA and cyclic AMP receptor protein (cAMP-CRP) are required for regulating biofilm- and virulence-related genes in Y. pestis. In this study, the transcriptional regulation between RovA and cAMP-CRP were analyzed by using primer extension, quantitative RT-PCR, LacZ fusion, and electrophoretic mobility shift assay. The results indicated that RovA repressed crp transcription in an indirect manner, while that RovA had no regulatory action on cyaA at the transcriptional level...
December 2018: Current Microbiology
N Atac, O Kurt-Azap, I Dolapci, A Yesilkaya, O Ergonul, M Gonen, F Can
Escherichia coli ST131 is a cause for global concern because of its high multidrug resistance and several virulence factors. In this study, the contribution of acrAB-TolC efflux system of E. coli ST131 to fluoroquinolone resistance was evaluated. A total of nonrepetitive 111 ciprofloxacin-resistant E. coli isolates were included in the study. Multilocus sequence typing was used for genotyping. Expressions of acrA, acrB, and TolC efflux pump genes were measured by RT-PCR. Mutations in marA, gyrA, parC, and aac(6')-lb-cr positivity were studied by Sanger sequencing...
December 2018: Current Microbiology
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