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Bo Abrahamsen, Nicholas C Harvey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2018: Maturitas
Hylton B Menz, Maria Auhl, Martin J Spink
BACKGROUND: Foot problems are common in older people. The objective of this systematic review was to determine whether foot problems increase the risk of falling in community-dwelling older people. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from inception to May 2018. To be eligible for inclusion, papers needed to (i) include community-dwelling older participants, (ii) document falls either retrospectively or prospectively, and (iii) document or assess the presence of foot problems...
December 2018: Maturitas
Philip C Robinson
Gout is an increasingly common chronic disorder of urate crystal deposition that manifests as flares of acute inflammatory arthritis. Hyperuricaemia is a prerequisite and a fifth of both men and woman are hyperuricaemic. The prevalence of gout is much lower than the prevalence of hyperuricaemia for reasons that are not currently clear. Gout is more common in men than women prior to menopause due to the uricosuric effects of oestrogen, but after menopause the incidence of gout rises substantially in women. Co-morbidities are an important issue in gout, with cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity and chronic kidney disease all common in patients with gout...
December 2018: Maturitas
Alexandra Foscolou, Elena Critselis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
The potential health benefits of olive oil consumption, particularly within the context of the Mediterranean diet, have been extensively investigated. However, its specific health benefits remain to be confirmed. The aim of the present work is to review the scientific evidence regarding the specific impact of olive oil consumption on human health, including the prevention of cardiovascular disease, cancers, and diabetes mellitus. Ten related meta-analyses were reviewed to this effect. Olive oil consumption was found to be beneficial for several chronic non-communicable diseases (e...
December 2018: Maturitas
Olivier Beauchet
BACKGROUND: There is increasing scientific data suggesting that cannabis is beneficial for a large range of medical conditions. Physicians need up-to-date medical knowledge (i.e., indications, dose and safety properties) before prescribing cannabis for older patients, who are, a priori, more prone to its adverse effects than younger patients. A mini-review was conducted to examine the evidence on medical cannabis use in older patients. METHODS: An English and French systematic Medline (PubMed) search, from January 1, 2001 to October 15, 2018, was conducted using the MeSH terms "Cannabis"[Mesh] OR "Marijuana Abuse"[Mesh] OR "Medical Marijuana"[Mesh] OR "Marijuana Smoking"[Mesh] combined with the MeSH terms ("Aged"[Mesh]) OR "Aged, 80 and over"[Mesh]...
December 2018: Maturitas
Joanne E Taylor, Martin J Connolly, Rebecca Brookland, Ari Samaranayaka
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Driving anxiety is a heterogeneous experience that can impact on everyday activities. Little is known about whether older adults experience driving anxiety and, if so, what impact it has on their health, functioning, and quality of life. This is particularly important given the ageing population and driving patterns of older drivers. The present study examines the extent of self-reported driving anxiety in older adult drivers. DESIGN: Population survey of community-dwelling older drivers...
December 2018: Maturitas
Bobette Matulonga-Diakiese, Dominique Courbon, Agnès Fournier, Margaux Sanchez, Annabelle Bédard, Sylvie Mesrine, Camille Taillé, Gianluca Severi, Gabriel Thabut, Raphaëlle Varraso, Bénédicte Leynaert
BACKGROUND: The gender switch in asthma incidence around puberty has been put forward to suggest a role of sex hormones in asthma. However, there are limited and inconsistent findings on change in asthma incidence with menopause. We aimed to investigate the associations between menopause and asthma incidence, and interactions with overweight/obesity. METHODS: Asthma incidence was assessed in 67,872 women free of asthma at baseline (aged 41-68 years) and regularly followed up as a part of the French E3N cohort...
December 2018: Maturitas
L L Laslett, H B Menz, P Otahal, F Pan, F M Cicuttini, G Jones
OBJECTIVES: To describe factors associated with prevalent and incident foot pain in a population-based cohort of older adults (n = 1092). STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalent foot pain, incident foot pain after 5 years. METHODS: Potential correlates included demographic factors, anthropometry, leg strength, metabolic factors, steps per day (using pedometer), pain at 6 other sites, and psychological wellbeing...
December 2018: Maturitas
Tae-Hun Kim, Jung Won Kang, Tae Hee Lee
Aromatase inhibitor-associated arthralgia (AIA) is a common problem in breast cancer survivors and is associated with noncompliance with aromatase inhibitor therapy. The aim of this research was to assess the current evidence for the various therapeutic options available for AIA. We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects for systematic reviews of trials investigating treatments for AIA to June 2018. Eligible systematic reviews were subjected to evidence mapping and the randomized controlled trials included in the systematic reviews were hand-searched for a network meta-analysis...
December 2018: Maturitas
Gisele Cristine Vieira Gomes, Maria do Socorro Simões, Sumika Mori Lin, Jéssica Maria Ribeiro Bacha, Larissa Alamino Pereira Viveiro, Eliana Maria Varise, Nelson Carvas Junior, Belinda Lange, Wilson Jacob Filho, José Eduardo Pompeu
BACKGROUND: Recently, interactive video games (IVGs) have been used as a health-care intervention that provides both exercise and cognitive stimulation. Several studies have shown that IVGs can improve postural control, gait, cognition, and functional independence in elderly people and patients with neurological disease. However, there is a lack of evidence about the effects of IVGs on frail and pre-frail elderly people. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and acceptability of playing Nintendo Wii Fit Plus™ (NWFP) interactive video games, and the functional outcomes (postural control, gait, cognition, mood, and fear of falling) in frail and pre-frail older adults...
December 2018: Maturitas
Martina Zangger, Dagmar Poethig, Florian Meissner, Michael von Wolff, Petra Stute
OBJECTIVES: To link the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS-II) to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and present a clinical application of an ICF-based tool. STUDY DESIGN: The MRS-II was linked to the corresponding ICF category. The linked items were used to generate an ICF Categorical Profile. To broadly examine its feasibility in clinical practice, qualitative interviews with three patients were performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Corresponding items of the MRS-II in the ICF...
December 2018: Maturitas
Laura F DeFina, Nina B Radford, David Leonard, Rick K Wilson, Tyler C Cooper, S Michael Clark, Benjamin L Willis, Gloria L Vega, Carolyn E Barlow, Stephen W Farrell, Larry W Gibbons, Bulent O Yildiz, Ugis Gruntmanis
BACKGROUND: Currently, exogenous hormone replacement is used in many men with hypogonadism without clear organic cause. This study examines the contribution of modifiable health behaviors, i.e., physical activity and weight control, to the maintenance of testosterone levels with aging. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 2994 healthy men aged 50-79 years examined at a preventive medicine clinic from January 2012 to March 2016, screening morning total testosterone levels were measured and categorized as low (<250 ng/dL), low normal (250-399 ng/dL), and normal (>400 ng/dL)...
December 2018: Maturitas
Walter A Rocca, Liliana Gazzuola Rocca, Carin Y Smith, Brandon R Grossardt, Stephanie S Faubion, Lynne T Shuster, Elizabeth A Stewart, Michelle M Mielke, Kejal Kantarci, Virginia M Miller
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association of personal, reproductive, and familial characteristics with bilateral oophorectomy performed for nonmalignant indications in a US population. STUDY DESIGN: In an established cohort study, we used the records-linkage system of the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP to identify 1653 premenopausal women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy in Olmsted County, Minnesota between 1988 and 2007 for a nonmalignant indication...
November 2018: Maturitas
Radoslaw Slopien, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Anita Rogowicz-Frontczak, Blazej Meczekalski, Dorota Zozulinska-Ziolkiewicz, Jesse D Jaremek, Antonio Cano, Peter Chedraui, Dimitrios G Goulis, Patrice Lopes, Gita Mishra, Alfred Mueck, Margaret Rees, Levent M Senturk, Tommaso Simoncini, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Pauliina Tuomikoski, Stavroula A Paschou, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Irene Lambrinoudaki
INTRODUCTION: Whether menopause increases the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) independently of ageing has been a matter of debate. Controversy also exists about the benefits and risks of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) in women with T2DM. AIMS: To summarise the evidence on 1) the effect of menopause on metabolic parameters and the risk of T2DM, 2) the effect of T2DM on age at menopause, 3) the effect of MHT on the risk of T2DM, and 4) the management of postmenopausal women with T2DM...
November 2018: Maturitas
María Del Pilar Del Pozo, Adela Castelló, Carmen Vidal, Dolores Salas-Trejo, Carmen Sánchez-Contador, Carmen Pedraz-Pingarrón, Pilar Moreo, Carmen Santamariña, María Ederra, Rafael Llobet, Jesús Vioque, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Marina Pollán, Virginia Lope
OBJECTIVES: Mammographic density (MD) is a strong risk factor for breast cancer. The present study evaluates the association between relative caloric intake and MD in Spanish women. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study in which 3517 women were recruited from seven breast cancer screening centers. MD was measured by an experienced radiologist using craniocaudal mammography and Boyd's semi-quantitative scale. Information was collected through an epidemiological survey...
November 2018: Maturitas
Meng Mao, Fangfang Ai, Ye Zhang, Jia Kang, Shuo Liang, Tao Xu, Lan Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to assess the effect of treatment with a ring with support pessary on bothersome symptoms and the quality of life of patients with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP). STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective observational study, 142 patients with symptomatic POP were successfully fitted with a ring with support pessary between November 2015 and November 2016 and followed up until December 2017. Prolapse and urinary symptoms were assessed, and the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 (PFDI-20) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire-7 (PFIQ-7) were administered at baseline and at each follow-up visit...
November 2018: Maturitas
M J Connolly, J B Broad, T Bish, X Zhang, D Bramley, N Kerse, K Bloomfield, M Boyd
INTRODUCTION: The complexity of care required by many older people living in long-term care (LTC) facilities poses challenges that can lead to potentially avoidable referrals to a hospital emergency department (ED). The Aged Residential Care Intervention Project (ARCHIP) ran an implementation study to evaluate a multidisciplinary team (MDT) intervention supporting LTC facility staff to decrease potentially avoidable ED presentations by residents. METHODS: ARCHIP (conducted in 21 facilities [1,296 beds] with previously noted high ED referral rates) comprised clinical coaching for LTC facility staff by a gerontology nurse specialist (GNS) and an MDT (facility senior nurse, resident's general practitioner, GNS, geriatrician, pharmacist) review of selected high-risk residents' care-plans...
November 2018: Maturitas
Jeannie Devereaux, Kulmira Nurgali, Dimitrios Kiatos, Samy Sakkal, Vasso Apostolopoulos
Platelet-rich plasma is an autologous and safe blood product containing a high concentration of platelets and leucocytes. Platelets, growth factors, leucocytes and plasma are fundamental fibroblast proliferation agents. Leucocytes' plasticity, reparative qualities, cross-talk between cells and capacity to orchestrate diverse outcomes are receiving considerable research attention. Fibroblasts are able to migrate and proliferate into the tissue surrounding a wound and subsequently deposit granulation tissue, which minimises scarring...
November 2018: Maturitas
Alejandra Andrea Roman Lay, Carla Ferreira do Nascimento, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a survival analysis according to age at natural menopause (NM) in a representative sample of elderly women from the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from the Health, Well-Being and Aging study (SABE), a cohort that started in 2000. Mortality data up to September 2016 were obtained by linkage from the Program for Mortality Information of São Paulo (PRO-AIM). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We used Cox regression to analyze all-cause and cause-specific mortality rates for cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases and cancer, according to age at menopause, categorized as <40, 41-44, 45-49, 50-54 (reference) and ≥55...
November 2018: Maturitas
Ki-Jin Ryu, Hyuntae Park, Yong Jin Kim, Kyong Wook Yi, Jung Ho Shin, Jun Young Hur, Tak Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between vasomotor symptoms (VMS) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1793 Korean postmenopausal women aged 45-65 years who attended a routine health check at a Korean institution from January 2010 to December 2012. Their scores on the Menopause Rating Scale were used to assess VMS. Moderate to severe VMS included ratings of moderate, severe, and very severe...
November 2018: Maturitas
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