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Maturitas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765380/optimising-glycemic-index-in-diets-for-older-people
#1
Alan W Barclay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686030/promoting-academic-careers-of-women-in-medicine
#2
Amy S Gottlieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889055/medical-or-surgical-management-of-fibroids-an-internet-survey-of-gynecologists-views
#3
Elisa Pazzaglia, Julie Praet, Jean Vandromme, Serge Rozenberg
AIM: To assess the attitudes of gynecologists toward symptomatic fibroids and analyze which factors influence their choice of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We surveyed the attitude of Belgian gynecologists toward patients' cases. We used a vignette of a woman with symptomatic fibroids and modified 3 factors: her age, her parity and her desire for pregnancy, thereby establishing 12 different cases. We ensured that each gynecologist (n=1437) received one case, chosen randomly, by email...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889054/tocotrienols-health-and-ageing-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Duane D Mellor, Nenad Naumovski
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review of studies was undertaken to evaluate the potential effect of intake of tocotrienols or circulating levels of tocotrienols on parameters associated with successful ageing, specifically in relation to cognitive function, osteoporosis and DNA damage. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines a systematic review of epidemiological observational studies and clinical trials was undertaken. Inclusion criteria included all English language publications in the databases PubMed and Scopus, through to the end of July 2016...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889053/osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-women-living-with-hiv
#5
REVIEW
Fionnuala Finnerty, Karen Walker-Bone, Shema Tariq
The widespread availability of effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed HIV from a life-limiting condition to one with near-normal life expectancy. HIV is associated with an increased risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis, with people living with HIV (PLHIV) potentially experiencing these conditions at a younger age than their HIV-negative counterparts. The mechanisms driving bone disease in HIV are complex and include: an increased prevalence of traditional risk factors; other comorbid conditions; and HIV-associated factors such as viral effects, systemic inflammation, and ART-related factors...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889052/types-of-oral-contraceptives-and-breast-cancer-survival-among-women-enrolled-in-medicaid-a-competing-risk-model
#6
Marsha E Samson, Swann Arp Adams, Caroline M Mulatya, Jiajia Zhang, Charles L Bennett, James Hebert, Susan E Steck
INTRODUCTION: Oral contraceptive pills have been implicated in the pathophysiology of breast cancer. Although many studies have examined the relationship between combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and breast cancer, there is a paucity of literature that discusses progestin-only oral contraceptives (POCs) and breast cancer. The purpose of this investigation is to examine potential associations between different types of oral contraceptives and breast cancer mortality in the South Carolina Medicaid population among different racial/ethnic groups...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889051/the-trajectory-of-negative-mood-and-depressive-symptoms-over-two-decades
#7
Katherine E Campbell, Lorraine Dennerstein, Mark Tacey, Cassandra E Szoeke
OBJECTIVE: Research aimed at understanding the temporal characteristics of depressive symptoms and negative mood in an older female population is lacking, despite the relationship between the two factors being well established. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of negative mood scores and depressive symptom scores in a longitudinal sample of women transitioning from mid-life to late life. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a longitudinal assessment of variables drawn from an epidemiological prospective study of women's healthy ageing...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889050/frailty-and-multimorbidity-two-related-yet-different-concepts
#8
REVIEW
Patricia Villacampa-Fernández, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo, Juan J Tarín, Antonio Cano
The extension of life expectancy is a global phenomenon. The growth in the ageing population has created a new health scenario in which there is a higher prevalence of frailty and multimorbidity. The attention received by both conditions derives from their strong association with disability, hospitalization, and death. The aim of the present paper is to conceptualize and differentiate these terms and to discuss their interrelations. We conclude that, yet related, they represent two different clinical conditions...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889049/web-based-interventions-for-menopause-a-systematic-integrated-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Eun-Ok Im, Yaelim Lee, Eunice Chee, Wonshik Chee
Advances in computer and Internet technologies have allowed health care providers to develop, use, and test various types of Web-based interventions for their practice and research. Indeed, an increasing number of Web-based interventions have recently been developed and tested in health care fields. Despite the great potential for Web-based interventions to improve practice and research, little is known about the current status of Web-based interventions, especially those related to menopause. To identify the current status of Web-based interventions used in the field of menopause, a literature review was conducted using multiple databases, with the keywords "online," "Internet," "Web," "intervention," and "menopause...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889048/the-use-of-high-dose-estrogens-for-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Herjan J T Coelingh Bennink, Carole Verhoeven, Alice E Dutman, Jos Thijssen
Estrogens are known to stimulate the growth of breast cancer but they are also an effective treatment for this disease (this has been termed the 'estrogen paradox'). The fact that estrogens can be an effective treatment for breast cancer is something that has almost been forgotten, whereas the fear for estrogens remains. This paper reviews the use of estrogens for the treatment of breast cancer and identifies possible applications. The data summarised in this review demonstrate that high-dose estrogens are effective for the treatment of advanced breast cancer, both as first-line treatment as well as for treatment after occurrence of endocrine resistance to TAM and AIs...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889047/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-stroke-and-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-koreans-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#11
Ji Eun Lee, Hye-Rim Jeon, Jung Keun Park, Kyung-Do Han, Ji-Hyun Kim, Jinnie Yoon, Seok-Won Park, Yang-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hwan Cho
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly Korean people who have had a stroke and whether the association differs by sex. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 3806 elderly subjects (1951 men and 1855 women) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. Stroke history was determined by self-administered questionnaire. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine, total hip, and neck of the femur using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802892/osteoporosis-management-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-emas-position-statement
#12
REVIEW
Florence A Trémollieres, Iuliana Ceausu, Herman Depypere, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Alfred Mueck, Faustino R Pérez-López, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Levent M Senturk, Tommaso Simoncini, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Margaret Rees
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are the first-line recommended standard of care for postmenopausal estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Because they cause a profound suppression of estrogen levels, concerns regarding their potential to increase the risk of fracture were rapidly raised. There is currently a general consensus that a careful baseline evaluation is needed of the risk of fracture in postmenopausal women about to start treatment with AIs but also in all premenopausal women with early disease. Bisphosphonates have been shown in several phase III trials to prevent the bone loss induced by cancer treatment, although no fracture data are available...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666153/can-the-paleolithic-diet-meet-the-nutritional-needs-of-older-people
#13
EDITORIAL
Richard Hoffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612638/the-future-of-guidelines-primary-care-focused-patient-oriented-evidence-based-and-simplified
#14
EDITORIAL
G Michael Allan, James P McCormack, Christina Korownyk, Adrienne J Lindblad, Scott Garrison, Michael R Kolber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823753/alzheimer-s-disease-apolipoprotein-e-and-hormone-replacement-therapy
#15
REVIEW
H Depypere, A Vierin, S Weyers, A Sieben
Alzheimer's disease is the most frequent cause of dementia in older patients. The prevalence is higher in women than in men. This may be the result of both the higher life expectancy of women and the loss of neuroprotective estrogen after menopause. Earlier age at menopause (spontaneous or surgical) is associated with an enhanced risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, it is postulated that estrogen could be protective against it. If so, increasing exposure to estrogen through the use of postmenopausal hormone replacement could also be protective against Alzheimer's disease...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823752/reshaping-care-for-older-people-trends-in-emergency-admissions-to-hospital-during-a-period-of-simultaneous-interventions-in-glasgow-city-april-2011-march-2015
#16
Kate A Levin, Emilia M Crighton
This study describes trends in emergency admissions (EAs) in Glasgow City during a period when interventions were designed and implemented, aimed at shifting the balance from institutional to community-based care. Standardised monthly rates of EAs between April 2011 and March 2015 were calculated, for residents of Glasgow City aged 65 years and over. Multilevel zero-inflated Negative Binomial models for EAs nested by datazone were created, adjusting for sex, 5-year age group, area-level deprivation (SIMD quintile), season, month and month squared...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823751/female-sexual-dysfunction-fsd-prevalence-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-qol
#17
REVIEW
Prof Rossella E Nappi, Laura Cucinella, Silvia Martella, Margherita Rossi, Lara Tiranini, Ellis Martini
Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and quality of life (QOL) are both multidimensional and have a bidirectional relationship across the reproductive life span and beyond. Methodological difficulties exist in estimating the real prevalence of FSD because it is hard to determine the level of distress associated with sexual symptoms in a large-scale survey. Approximately 40-50% of all women report at least one sexual symptom, and some conditions associated with hormonal changes at menopause, such as vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) and hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), have a significant impact on sexual function and QOL...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823750/clinical-audit-of-estradiol-implant-therapy-long-duration-of-action-and-implications-in-non-hysterectomised-women
#18
Shaday Wheatley, Robin J Bell, Bronwyn G A Stuckey, Penelope J Robinson, Susan R Davis
We audited the files of 114 postmenopausal women who had been treated with subcutaneous Estrapel (50mg oestradiol implants). Of the 92 women who received more than one implant, the median number of days between implants was 223.5 (range 49-875), with an estimated median time to return to baseline of 311days (range 108-1228). Although oestradiol implants can provide an excellent non-oral treatment option, their prolonged action makes patient selection important, as the implants cannot easily be removed. In women with an intact uterus, the continuation of progestin therapy after cessation of implant therapy is imperative...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823749/gender-differences-in-actual-and-preferred-nocturnal-sleep-duration-among-finnish-employed-population
#19
Päivi Polo-Kantola, Antti Laine, Erkki Kronholm, Maiju M Saarinen, Päivi Rautava, Minna Aromaa, Matti Sillanpää
OBJECTIVE: Sufficient sleep is essential for health and working capacity. Shorter sleep duration on workdays is often compensated by sleeping longer during leisure days. Gender dissimilarities in sleep quality are acknowledged. Our aim was to study the less known gender differences in sleep duration. METHODS: A population based study with a total of 1049 middle-aged regularly working women (n=524) and men (n=525). A questionnaire of sleep durations on workdays and leisure days, preferred sleep duration, with health-related quality of life and health behavior...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823748/association-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-frailty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Jianghua Zhou, Pan Huang, Ping Liu, Qiukui Hao, Shangping Chen, Birong Dong, Jiang Wang
There is a biologically plausible association between low vitamin D, specifically serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level, and frailty. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to describe the association between low 25(OH)D level and frailty. We searched literature in OVID (Medline), EMBASE, Web of Knowledge and Cochrane CENTRAL Library Issue in May 2016, for cohort studies evaluating association of low 25(OH)D level with the risk of frailty. Studies were reviewed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses(PRISMA) guidelines...
December 2016: Maturitas
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