journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Environment International

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108116/maternal-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-risk-of-early-childhood-cancers-a-population-based-study-in-ontario-canada
#1
Éric Lavigne, Marc-André Bélair, Minh T Do, David M Stieb, Perry Hystad, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V Martin, Daniel L Crouse, Eric Crighton, Hong Chen, Jeffrey R Brook, Richard T Burnett, Scott Weichenthal, Paul J Villeneuve, Teresa To, Sabit Cakmak, Markey Johnson, Abdool S Yasseen, Kenneth C Johnson, Marianna Ofner, Lin Xie, Mark Walker
BACKGROUND: There are increasing concerns regarding the role of exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy in the development of early childhood cancers. OBJECTIVE: This population based study examined whether prenatal and early life (<1year of age) exposures to ambient air pollutants, including nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters ≤2.5μm (PM2.5), were associated with selected common early childhood cancers in Canada...
January 17, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089583/association-of-prenatal-and-childhood-pbde-exposure-with-timing-of-puberty-in-boys-and-girls
#2
Kim G Harley, Stephen A Rauch, Jonathan Chevrier, Katherine Kogut, Kimberly L Parra, Celina Trujillo, Robert H Lustig, Louise C Greenspan, Andreas Sjödin, Asa Bradman, Brenda Eskenazi
BACKGROUND: Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants are endocrine-disrupting chemicals that exhibit estrogenic and androgenic properties and may affect pubertal timing. METHODS: Study subjects were participants between 1999 and 2013 in the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS), a longitudinal cohort study of predominantly Mexican origin families in Northern California. We measured serum concentrations of four PBDEs (BDE-47, -99, -100, -153) in blood collected from mothers during pregnancy (N=263) and their children at age 9years (N=522)...
January 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089582/a-model-for-screening-and-prioritizing-consumer-nanoproduct-risks-a-case-study-from-south-africa
#3
Ndeke Musee
The potential risks of the increasing variety and volume of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) entering into the ecosystem remain poorly quantified. In recent years, information essential to evaluate the ecological risks of ENMs has increased. However, the data are highly fragmented, limited, or severely lacking. This limits the usefulness of the information to support holistic screening and prioritization of potentially harmful ENMs. To screen and prioritize ENMs risks, we adopted a two-phased approach. First, a holistic framework model was developed to integrate a diverse set of factors aimed to assess the potential hazard, exposure, and in turn, risk to the ecosystem of ENMs from a given consumer nanoproduct...
January 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089581/accountability-studies-of-air-pollution-and-health-effects-lessons-learned-and-recommendations-for-future-natural-experiment-opportunities
#4
REVIEW
David Q Rich
To address limitations of observational epidemiology studies of air pollution and health effects, including residual confounding by temporal and spatial factors, several studies have taken advantage of 'natural experiments', where an environmental policy or air quality intervention has resulted in reductions in ambient air pollution concentrations. Researchers have examined whether the population impacted by these air quality improvements, also experienced improvements in various health indices (e.g. reduced morbidity/mortality)...
January 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089279/perspective-on-pre-and-post-natal-agro-food-exposure-to-persistent-organic-pollutants-and-their-effects-on-quality-of-life
#5
REVIEW
Tania Fernández-Cruz, Elena Martínez-Carballo, Jesús Simal-Gándara
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue constitutes a continual source of internal exposure to organic pollutants (OPs). When fats mobilize during pregnancy and breastfeeding, OPs could affect foetal and neonatal development, respectively. SCOPE AND APPROACH: The main aim of this review is to deal with pre- and post-natal external exposure to organic pollutants and their effects on health, proposing prevention measures to reduce their risk. The goal is the development of a biomonitoring framework program to estimate their impact on human health, and prevent exposure by recommending some changes in personal lifestyle habits...
January 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089278/estimating-uptake-of-phthalate-ester-metabolites-into-the-human-nail-plate-using-pharmacokinetic-modelling
#6
Thuy T Bui, Andreia Alves, Anna Palm-Cousins, Stefan Voorspoels, Adrian Covaci, Ian T Cousins
There is a lack of knowledge regarding uptake of phthalate esters (PEs) and other chemicals into the human nail plate and thus, clarity concerning the suitability of human nails as a valid alternative matrix for monitoring long-term exposure. In particular, the relative importance of internal uptake of phthalate metabolites (from e.g. blood) compared to external uptake pathways is unknown. This study provides first insights into the partitioning of phthalate-metabolites between blood and nail using pharmacokinetic (PK) modelling and biomonitoring data from a Norwegian cohort...
January 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069250/the-exposure-response-relationship-between-temperature-and-childhood-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-a-multicity-study-from-mainland-china
#7
Xiong Xiao, Antonio Gasparrini, Jiao Huang, Qiaohong Liao, Fengfeng Liu, Fei Yin, Hongjie Yu, Xiaosong Li
BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a rising public health issue in the Asia-Pacific region. Numerous studies have tried to quantify the relationship between meteorological variables and HFMD but with inconsistent results, in particular for temperature. We aimed to characterize the relationship between temperature and HFMD in various locations and to investigate the potential heterogeneity. METHODS: We retrieved the daily series of childhood HFMD counts (aged 0-12 years) and meteorological variables for each of 143 cities in mainland China in the period 2009-2014...
January 6, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065424/associations-between-urinary-biomarkers-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-exposure-and-reproductive-function-during-menstrual-cycles-in-women
#8
Ulrike Luderer, Fletcher Christensen, Wesley O Johnson, Jianwen She, Ho Sai Simon Ip, Junqiang Zhou, Josephine Alvaran, Edward F Krieg, James S Kesner
Essentially all women are exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), formed during incomplete combustion of organic materials, including fossil fuels, wood, foods, and tobacco. PAHs are ovarian toxicants in rodents, and cigarette smoking is associated with reproductive abnormalities in women. Biomonitoring of hydroxylated PAH (OH-PAH) metabolites in urine provides an integrated measure of exposure to PAHs via multiple routes and has been used to characterize exposure to PAHs in humans. We hypothesized that concentrations of OH-PAHs in urine are associated with reproductive function in women...
January 5, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062070/trends-in-the-application-of-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-for-human-biomonitoring-an-analytical-primer-to-studying-the-environmental-chemical-space-of-the-human-exposome
#9
REVIEW
Syam S Andra, Christine Austin, Dhavalkumar Patel, Georgia Dolios, Mahmoud Awawda, Manish Arora
Global profiling of xenobiotics in human matrices in an untargeted mode is gaining attention for studying the environmental chemical space of the human exposome. Defined as the study of a comprehensive inclusion of environmental influences and associated biological responses, human exposome science is currently evolving out of the metabolomics science. In analogy to the latter, the development and applications of high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) has shown potential and promise to greatly expand our ability to capture the broad spectrum of environmental chemicals in exposome studies...
January 3, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043651/comparison-of-air-pollution-exposures-in-active-vs-passive-travel-modes-in-european-cities-a-quantitative-review
#10
REVIEW
Audrey de Nazelle, Olivier Bode, Juan Pablo Orjuela
BACKGROUND: Transport microenvironments tend to have higher air pollutant concentrations than other settings most people encounter in their daily lives. The choice of travel modes may affect significantly individuals' exposures; however such considerations are typically not accounted for in exposure assessment used in environmental health studies. In particular, with increasing interest in the promotion of active travel, health impact studies that attempt to estimate potential adverse consequences of potential increased pollutant inhalation during walking or cycling have emerged...
December 30, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041639/-a-little-learning-is-a-dangerous-thing-a-call-for-better-understanding-of-the-term-systematic-review
#11
Neal R Haddaway, Magnus Land, Biljana Macura
Systematic reviews are becoming a widely accepted gold standard in evidence synthesis for evidence-based and -informed policy and practice. Many organisations exist to coordinate the registration, conduct and publication of systematic reviews across a range of disciplines, including medicine, international development, and environmental management and biodiversity conservation. As the term 'systematic review' becomes more widely recognised, however, there is a risk that stakeholders may have only partial understanding of the rigorous methods required to produce a reliable systematic review...
December 29, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040263/identification-of-chemical-mixtures-to-which-canadian-pregnant-women-are-exposed-the-mirec-study
#12
Wan-Chen Lee, Mandy Fisher, Karelyn Davis, Tye E Arbuckle, Sanjoy K Sinha
Depending on the chemical and the outcome, prenatal exposures to environmental chemicals can lead to adverse effects on the pregnancy and child development, especially if exposure occurs during early gestation. Instead of focusing on prenatal exposure to individual chemicals, more studies have taken into account that humans are exposed to multiple environmental chemicals on a daily basis. The objectives of this analysis were to identify the pattern of chemical mixtures to which women are exposed and to characterize women with elevated exposures to various mixtures...
December 28, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040262/environmental-impact-of-estrogens-on-human-animal-and-plant-life-a-critical-review
#13
REVIEW
Muhammad Adeel, Xiaoming Song, Yuanyuan Wang, Dennis Francis, Yuesuo Yang
BACKGROUND: Since the inception of global industrialization, steroidal estrogens have become an emerging and serious concern. Worldwide, steroid estrogens including estrone, estradiol and estriol, pose serious threats to soil, plants, water resources and humans. Indeed, estrogens have gained notable attention in recent years, due to their rapidly increasing concentrations in soil and water all over the world. Concern has been expressed regarding the entry of estrogens into the human food chain which in turn relates to how plants take up and metabolism estrogens...
December 28, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040261/refinement-of-arsenic-attributable-health-risks-in-rural-pakistan-using-population-specific-dietary-intake-values
#14
Hifza Rasheed, Rebecca Slack, Paul Kay, Yun Yun Gong
BACKGROUND: Previous risk assessment studies have often utilised generic consumption or intake values when evaluating ingestion exposure pathways. If these values do not accurately reflect the country or scenario in question, the resulting risk assessment will not provide a meaningful representation of cancer risks in that particular country/scenario. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine water and food intake parameters for one region in South Asia, rural Pakistan, and assess the role population specific intake parameters play in cancer risk assessment...
December 28, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038972/personal-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-measurements-in-swiss-adolescents
#15
Katharina Roser, Anna Schoeni, Benjamin Struchen, Marco Zahner, Marloes Eeftens, Jürg Fröhlich, Martin Röösli
BACKGROUND: Adolescents belong to the heaviest users of wireless communication devices, but little is known about their personal exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe personal RF-EMF exposure of Swiss adolescents and evaluate exposure relevant factors. Furthermore, personal measurements were used to estimate average contributions of various sources to the total absorbed RF-EMF dose of the brain and the whole body...
December 27, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038971/measuring-biomarkers-in-wastewater-as-a-new-source-of-epidemiological-information-current-state-and-future-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
Emma Gracia-Lor, Sara Castiglioni, Richard Bade, Frederic Been, Erika Castrignanò, Adrian Covaci, Iria González-Mariño, Evroula Hapeshi, Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern, Juliet Kinyua, Foon Yin Lai, Thomas Letzel, Luigi Lopardo, Markus R Meyer, Jake O'Brien, Pedram Ramin, Nikolaos I Rousis, Axel Rydevik, Yeonsuk Ryu, Miguel M Santos, Ivan Senta, Nikolaos S Thomaidis, Sofia Veloutsou, Zhugen Yang, Ettore Zuccato, Lubertus Bijlsma
The information obtained from the chemical analysis of specific human excretion products (biomarkers) in urban wastewater can be used to estimate the exposure or consumption of the population under investigation to a defined substance. A proper biomarker can provide relevant information about lifestyle habits, health and wellbeing, but its selection is not an easy task as it should fulfil several specific requirements in order to be successfully employed. This paper aims to summarize the current knowledge related to the most relevant biomarkers used so far...
December 27, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038970/can-commercial-low-cost-sensor-platforms-contribute-to-air-quality-monitoring-and-exposure-estimates
#17
Nuria Castell, Franck R Dauge, Philipp Schneider, Matthias Vogt, Uri Lerner, Barak Fishbain, David Broday, Alena Bartonova
The emergence of low-cost, user-friendly and very compact air pollution platforms enable observations at high spatial resolution in near-real-time and provide new opportunities to simultaneously enhance existing monitoring systems, as well as engage citizens in active environmental monitoring. This provides a whole new set of capabilities in the assessment of human exposure to air pollution. However, the data generated by these platforms are often of questionable quality. We have conducted an exhaustive evaluation of 24 identical units of a commercial low-cost sensor platform against CEN (European Standardization Organization) reference analyzers, evaluating their measurement capability over time and a range of environmental conditions...
December 27, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027800/prenatal-airborne-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-exposure-line1-methylation-and-child-development-in-a-chinese-cohort
#18
Joan Lee, Vrinda Kalia, Frederica Perera, Julie Herbstman, Tingyu Li, Jisheng Nie, L R Qu, Jie Yu, Deliang Tang
BACKGROUND: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are carcinogenic, neurotoxic environmental pollutants generated during incomplete combustion of fossil fuel and other organic material. PAH exposure has been associated with adverse fetal development and epigenetic alterations in cord blood. Several molecular epidemiology studies have established PAH-DNA adducts as biomarkers of PAH exposure. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationship between LINE1 DNA methylation and PAH-DNA adduct levels in cord blood, and with neurodevelopmental outcomes...
December 24, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017361/analysis-of-the-sensitivity-of-in-vitro-bioassays-for-androgenic-progestagenic-glucocorticoid-thyroid-and-estrogenic-activity-suitability-for-drinking-and-environmental-waters
#19
REVIEW
Frederic D L Leusch, Peta A Neale, Armelle Hebert, Marco Scheurer, Merijn C M Schriks
The presence of endocrine disrupting chemicals in the aquatic environment poses a risk for ecosystem health. Consequently there is a need for sensitive tools, such as in vitro bioassays, to monitor endocrine activity in environmental waters. The aim of the current study was to assess whether current in vitro bioassays are suitable to detect endocrine activity in a range of water types. The reviewed assays included androgenic (n=11), progestagenic (n=6), glucocorticoid (n=5), thyroid (n=5) and estrogenic (n=8) activity in both agonist and antagonist mode...
December 22, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017360/estimation-of-daily-pm10-concentrations-in-italy-2006-2012-using-finely-resolved-satellite-data-land-use-variables-and-meteorology
#20
Massimo Stafoggia, Joel Schwartz, Chiara Badaloni, Tom Bellander, Ester Alessandrini, Giorgio Cattani, Francesca De' Donato, Alessandra Gaeta, Gianluca Leone, Alexei Lyapustin, Meytar Sorek-Hamer, Kees de Hoogh, Qian Di, Francesco Forastiere, Itai Kloog
Health effects of air pollution, especially particulate matter (PM), have been widely investigated. However, most of the studies rely on few monitors located in urban areas for short-term assessments, or land use/dispersion modelling for long-term evaluations, again mostly in cities. Recently, the availability of finely resolved satellite data provides an opportunity to estimate daily concentrations of air pollutants over wide spatio-temporal domains. Italy lacks a robust and validated high resolution spatio-temporally resolved model of particulate matter...
December 22, 2016: Environment International
journal
journal
27459
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"