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Animal Reproduction Science

Fábio Morotti, Rogério Moretti, Gustavo Martins Gomes Dos Santos, Katia Cristina Silva-Santos, Pedro Henrique Ramos Cerqueira, Marcelo Marcondes Seneda
Two experiments in Nelore cows subjected to timed artificial insemination (TAI) were designed to compare the influence of the antral follicle count (AFC/AFCs) on (1) ovarian follicular dynamics and (2) conception rates. First, multiparous cows with high (≥45 follicles; n=43) or low (≤15 follicles; n=32) AFCs were selected to undergo a TAI protocol to monitor ovarian follicular dynamics. Second, the AFCs of 962 cows also subjected to TAI were determined and classified as groups of high (G-high; ≥45 follicles; n=194), intermediate (G-intermediate; ≥20≤40 follicles, n=397) or low (G-low; ≤15 follicles; n=243) AFCs...
December 6, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Beata Irena Cejko, Beata Sarosiek, Sławomir Krejszeff, Radosław Kajetan Kowalski
Multiple collections of semen during the reproductive period of the common carp Cyprinus carpio L. were used to analyse changes in semen quality. Semen collection was performed on June 1 (first collection), 12 (second collection), and 19 (third collection) from individual males (n=11) by gentle abdominal massage. Semen quantity (semen volume and sperm count), quality (sperm motility and sperm viability), as well as seminal plasma parameters (pH of seminal plasma and seminal plasma osmotic pressure) and its enzymatic activity, e...
December 5, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
O J Ginther
Follicle diameter deviation during a follicular wave in cattle is preceded by a common-growth phase and begins with continued growth rate of the future dominant follicle (DF or F1) and reduced growth rate of the future largest subordinate follicle (SF or F2). Follicle diameters were analyzed daily for wave 1 (n=100) and wave 2 (n=91). The beginning of expected deviation was designated day 0 and was defined as the day the largest follicle was closest to 8.5mm. Conventional classification of deviation (F2≥7...
December 1, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Ruby Yoana Murcia-Robayo, Eleonore Jouanisson, Guy Beauchamp, Mouhamadou Diaw
Evaluation of sperm morphology is part of the assessment of fertility in human and animal reproduction. Analyses can be performed using different techniques, including the use of staining methods In our prospective study, the morphology of equine sperm was evaluated using 3 staining methods Diff-Quik, eosin-nigrosin, and SpermBlue, the latter being a relatively new stain commonly used for human sperm. Our hypotheses were that (1) SpermBlue allows easier assessment of horse sperm morphology and facilitates better identification of sperm abnormalities, and (2) sperm morphology classification differs depending on the evaluator's experience...
November 29, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Daniele Cristina Voltarelli, Brígida Kussumoto de Alcântara, Michele Lunardi, Alice Fernandes Alfieri, Raquel de Arruda Leme, Amauri Alcindo Alfieri
Bacteria classified in Mycoplasma (M. bovis and M. bovigenitalium) and Ureaplasma (U. diversum) genera are associated with granular vulvovaginitis that affect heifers and cows at reproductive age. The traditional means for detection and speciation of mollicutes from clinical samples have been culture and serology. However, challenges experienced with these laboratory methods have hampered assessment of their impact in pathogenesis and epidemiology in cattle worldwide. The aim of this study was to develop a PCR strategy to detect and primarily discriminate between the main species of mollicutes associated with reproductive disorders of cattle in uncultured clinical samples...
November 24, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
M Heppelmann, J Volland, C Pfarrer, M Kietzmann, W Bäumer, S Merbach, H-A Schoon, O Wellnitz, M Schmicke, M Hoedemaker, H Bollwein
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of PGF2α and oxytocin in vitro on myometrial contractility in puerperal uteri. Thirteen puerperal uteri were removed and perfused after euthanasia of cows with (n=7) and without metritis (n=6). Measurement of uterine contractility was done using four piezoelectric crystals, which were implanted into the myometrium along the greater curvature of the uterine horn where fetal implantation occurred during the previous pregnancy. After 30min of equilibration, oxytocin (5 IU) or PGF2α (2...
November 23, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Natália A Castro, Luiz F M Pfeifer, Jéssica S Andrade, Joao A A Rincón, Ligia M Cantarelli Pegoraro, Augusto Schneider
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity has been associated with improvement in ovarian function in early postpartum dairy cows and improved in vitro embryo development. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the potential association among PON1 activity and follicular growth, diameter of the preovulatory follicle and pregnancy per artificial insemination (AI) service in cattle. In Experiment 1, cows (n=33) were subjected to an estradiol-progesterone based protocol to control time of ovulation. Starting on Day 8 of the protocol, follicular growth and serum PON1 activity were monitored...
November 22, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Ignacio Camacho-Arroyo, Valeria Hansberg-Pastor, Araceli Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Jorge Chávez-Jiménez, María Genoveva González-Morán
Chromosomal sex and steroid hormones play a determining role in brain sexual differentiation during chick embryonic development. Hormone effects on the brain are associated with the expression pattern of their intracellular receptors, which is sexually dimorphic in many species. We determined by Western blot the content of progesterone, estrogen, and androgen receptors (PR-A and PR-B, ERα, and AR, respectively) in the cortex, cerebellum, tectum, and hypothalamus of female and male newly hatched chicks. Males presented a higher content of PR-B in the tectum whereas females exhibited a higher content of PR-A in the hypothalamus...
November 22, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Marie-Christine Père, Michel Etienne
Effects of litter size, pregnancy stage, and glycemia level on uterine uptake of energetic nutrients were studied on multiparous sows left intact (CTR; n=6) or subjected to unilateral oviduct ligation (LIG; n=6). A jugular vein, a carotid artery, and the main vein draining one uterine horn were catheterized. A blood flow probe was fitted around the artery irrigating that horn. A meal test and two glucose infusion tests (1.15 or 2.30g glucose·(100kg BW)-1min-1) were performed at 79, 93, and 106 d of pregnancy...
November 21, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
I Fodor, W Baumgartner, Zs Abonyi-Tóth, Zs Lang, L Ózsvári
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the reproductive management practices and the performance of replacement heifers on large commercial dairy farms. The individual data of 14,763 heifers, first inseminated in 2014, were analysed from 33 Holstein-Friesian dairy herds in Hungary. The relationships between management practices and major reproductive parameters (age at first service, AFS; age at first calving, AFC; conception risk to first insemination, CR1; and pregnancy status at 20 months of age) were examined by mixed-effects models, with the herd as the random effect...
November 15, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
P Ren, X J Yang, R Railton, J Jendza, L Anil, S K Baidoo
The current study investigated the effects of different levels of feed intake during 4 short periods of gestation and of housing systems on sow and litter performance. A total of 255 multiparous sows were allotted to 1-4 dietary treatments using a randomized complete block design blocking by initial body weight (BW), backfat (BF) and parity. Sows were housed either in individual stalls (n=129) or group pens (n=126) with 55 sows in each pen with electronic sow feeder during gestation. All sows were fed one common corn-soybean meal-based diet with the amount of 1...
November 14, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Leila Ahmadzadeh, Ali Hosseinkhani, Hossein Daghighkia
Effect of supplementing a diet, in an attempt to enhance reproduction, with monensin sodium and Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on reproductive performance was investigated during the breeding season using 44 Ghezel ewes (body weight 56.97±7.47kg, age 2-5 years and body condition score (BCS) 2.5) which were allocated randomly in equal numbers to the four dietary treatments as follows: 1) Basal diet plus supplemental feed (450g/ewe/d) plus monensin sodium (30mg/ewe/d) (MS); 2) Basal diet plus supplemental feed (450 g/ewe/d) plusSaccharomyces cerevisiae yeast (4×10(9)CFU/ewe/d) (SC); 3) Basal diet plus supplemental feed (450g/ewe/d) (FG); 4) Basal diet (only grazing on pasture, Control; G)...
November 11, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
A K Redhead, N Siew, N Lambie, D Carnarvon, R Ramgattie, M Knights
The relationship between circulating concentration of anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and the LH content of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) preparation on follicular growth and ovulatory response in water buffaloes was evaluated. A single blood sample was taken from cows (N=31; age: 9.06±0.98years) to determine systemic AMH. Animals with concentrations higher or lower than 194±30pg/ml were placed into LOW and HIGH AMH groups and were assigned randomly to be superovulated FSH containing either a high (FSHp, HLH) or low (FolltropinV, LLH) LH content...
November 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Giuseppina Basini, Simona Bussolati, Stefano Grolli, Roberto Ramoni, Virna Conti, Fausto Quintavalla, Francesca Grasselli
During corpus luteum formation, impressive biological events take place to guarantee the transition from original follicular to luteal cells and to support required massive angiogenesis. It has been demonstrated that these phenomena resemble those essential for wound healing. After ovulation, blood vessels release their content in the antral cavity and coagulation takes place. Involvement of platelets in corpus luteum growth has been hypothesized both in human and in rat. On this basis, using platelet lysate (PL), a blood derivative with a higher platelet concentration, we aimed to assess a potential involvement of platelets in swine granulosa cell luteinization and on new blood vessel growth...
November 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
T Feng, L F Schütz, B C Morrell, M C Perego, L J Spicer
Feeding N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) and arginine (ARG) improves reproductive measures in pigs and reduces systemic steroid levels in pregnant ewes. We hypothesized that the effects of NCG and ARG on reproduction were due to direct effects on the ovary. Thus, the objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of NCG and ARG on granulosa cell (GC) steroidogenesis, gene expression, and cell proliferation in vitro. GC were collected from small (1-5mm) bovine follicles and treated in vitro with NCG or ARG in serum-free medium for 24h to 48h...
November 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
B V Rose, M Firth, B Morris, J M Roach, D C Wathes, K L P Verheyen, A M de Mestre
Therapeutic practices in equine reproductive medicine have dramatically evolved over the last 20 years but current usage is not described. The aims of this study were to provide a description of medication use and clinical findings of reproductive examinations alongside measures of reproductive efficiency in thoroughbreds. A prospective cohort study was conducted in the 2013 and 2014 breeding seasons. Mare and stallion details, information on veterinary interventions and findings of reproductive ultrasound scans were collected using questionnaires and entered into a custom-designed Microsoft Access database...
November 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Lucie Galiot, Isabelle Lachance, Jean-Paul Laforest, Frédéric Guay
Increases in sow prolificacy have reduced piglet vitality, growth capacity and weight at weaning and even pig weight at slaughter. The aim of this study was to develop a model that predicts likelihood of mortality and weight at weaning. A database containing 3214 records of birth weight, weight gain at 24h, rectal temperature at 24h, litter size, age at weaning, fostering status, manual assistance of birth and oxytocin use as well as the corresponding 227 records of sow parity and feed intake was analysed using logit functions for mortality and linear functions for weaning weight...
November 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Fulei Wei, Luxian Yu, Ruihong Li, Xia Zhang, Xuehan Zhang, Ya Zhang, Yuqing Wang, Hongchao Wang, Jian Liang, Rui Ma, Hongfang Qi, Qiwei Qin, Rongqing Zhang, Shihai Zhu, Changzhong Li
The endemic naked carp (Gymnocypris przewalskii Kessler, 1876) plays an important role in the maintenance of the distinctive ecological system of Lake Qinghai at 3.2km altitude on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in China. This study aimed to develop a cryopreservation protocol for Gymnocypris przewalskii spermatozoa. Semen was collected from mature individuals during migration and frozen using the liquid nitrogen vapor method. The influence of different cryoprotectants and three extenders on the post-thaw quality of the sperm was analyzed...
November 7, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Joung Joo Kim, Kang Bae Park, Eun Ji Choi, Sang Hwan Hyun, Nam-Hyung Kim, Yeon Woo Jeong, Woo Suk Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Alexandre R Paula Junior, Mauricio F van Tilburg, Marina D P Lobo, Ana C O Monteiro-Moreira, Renato A Moreira, Carlos H S Melo, Joanna M G Souza-Fabjan, Airton A Araújo, Luciana M Melo, Dárcio I A Teixeira, Arlindo A Moura, Vicente J F Freitas
The present study was conducted to characterize the major proteome of ovarian follicular fluid from locally-adapted, "Canindé" goats in the northeast of Brazil. Eight estrous cycling goats received a hormonal treatment consisting of medroxyprogesterone acetate, D-cloprostenol and FSH. Fluid was collected by laparoscopy from small (<3mm), medium (3-4mm) and large (>4mm) follicles and then, proteins were analyzed by 2-D SDS-PAGE and tandem mass spectrometry. Thirty-six proteins were identified in the goat follicular fluid, including albumin, immunoglobulins, ceruloplasmin, complement factor B, alpha-1B-glycoprotein precursor, serotransferrin, complement C3 and serpins, among others...
November 6, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
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