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Animal Reproduction Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908671/effect-of-gnrh-and-hcg-on-progesterone-concentration-and-ovarian-and-luteal-blood-flow-in-diestrous-mares
#1
L F C Brito, J M Baldrighi, C A Wolf, O J Ginther
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of reproductive hormones (GnRH, hCG, LH and progesterone) on the regulation of corpus luteum (CL) and ovarian blood flow. Diestrous mares received a single treatment of saline, 100μg gonadorelin (GnRH), or 1500IU hCG 10days after ovulation. Plasma LH and progesterone concentrations, resistance index (RI) for ovarian artery blood-flow, and percentage of corpus luteum (CL) with color-Doppler signals of blood flow were determined immediately before treatment (hour 0) and at hours 0...
November 23, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908670/proteome-of-the-rete-testis-fluid-from-tropically-adapted-morada-nova-rams
#2
Mauricio Fraga van Tilburg, Solange Damasceno Sousa, Révila Bianca Ferreira de Melo, Frederico B Moreno, Ana Cristina Monteiro-Moreira, Renato A Moreira, Arlindo de Alencar Moura
The rete testis has a close relationship with sperm development and may have other functions besides serving as an intercalated channel. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize the proteins of rete testis fluid (RTF) from tropically-adapted Morada Nova rams. Testicles obtained from six Morada Nova rams were dissected and the head of the epididymis was separated to access the efferent ducts. Rete testis fluid was obtained by gentle massage of the testis. The fluid was centrifuged to remove cell debris and sperm...
November 22, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903428/gonadogenesis-and-annual-reproductive-cycles-of-an-endangered-cyprinid-fish-the-lake-minnow-eupallasella-percnurus-pallas-1814
#3
Piotr Hliwa, Jarosław Król, Justyna Sikorska, Jacek Wolnicki, Grzegorz J Dietrich, Rafał Kamiński, Agnieszka Stabińska, Andrzej Ciereszko
In this study, gonadogenesis, the effect of temperature (15, 20 and 25°C) on sex differentiation, and annual changes in the gonads of mature lake minnow Eupallasella percnurus (Pallas, 1814) were determined. The lake minnow was found to be a primary gonochoristic fish species, where gonads are formed directly in the ovaries or testes. The morphological differentiation of gonads was initiated 35days post hatch (DPH) when two types of gonadal anlages were visible: a pear-shaped gonad attached by a single mesentery string and a spindle-shaped gonad attached on both sides to the peritoneum...
November 22, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887759/implementing-an-open-access-casa-software-for-the-assessment-of-stallion-sperm-motility-relationship-with-other-sperm-quality-parameters
#4
Elisa Giaretta, Mauro Munerato, Marc Yeste, Giovanna Galeati, Marcella Spinaci, Carlo Tamanini, Gaetano Mari, Diego Bucci
Setting an open-access computer assisted sperm analysis (CASA) may benefit the evaluation of motility in mammalian sperm, especially when economic constraints do not allow the use of a commercial system. There have been successful attempts to develop such a device in Zebra fish sperm and the system has been used in very few studies on mammalian spermatozoa. Against this background, the present study aimed at developing an open-access CASA system for mammalian sperm using the horse as a model and based upon the Image J software previously established for Zebra fish sperm...
November 13, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889102/analysis-of-gene-expression-and-regulation-implicates-c2h9orf152-has-an-important-role-in-calcium-metabolism-and-chicken-reproduction
#5
Long Liu, Yanfeng Fan, Zhenhe Zhang, Chan Yang, Tuoyu Geng, Daoqing Gong, Zhuocheng Hou, Zhonghua Ning
The reproductive system of a female bird is responsible for egg production. The genes highly expressed in oviduct are potentially important. From RNA-seq analysis, C2H9orf152 (an orthologous gene of human C9orf152) was identified as highly expressed in chicken uterus. To infer its function, we obtained and characterized its complete cDNA sequence, determined its spatiotemporal expression, and probed its transcription factor(s) through pharmaceutical approach. Data showed that the complete cDNA sequence was 1468bp long with a 789bp of open reading frame...
November 11, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832913/the-sheep-conceptus-modulates-proteome-profiles-in-caruncular-endometrium-during-early-pregnancy
#6
Mitra Arianmanesh, Paul A Fowler, Kaïs H Al-Gubory
The stage-specific expression of functional proteins within the endometrium, and their regulation by conceptus-derived signals, are crucial for conceptus development and successful establishment of pregnancy. Accurate knowledge of endometrium-conceptus interactions is key for the development of effective strategies to improve conceptus implantation rates both following natural conception and/or assisted reproductive technologies. The unilateral pregnant ewe provides a powerful experimental model for the study of endometrial function in the presence or absence of conceptuses during the peri-implantation period...
November 2, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802873/sex-reversal-of-brook-trout-salvelinus-fontinalis-by-17%C3%AE-methyltestosterone-exposure-a-serial-experimental-approach-to-determine-optimal-timing-and-delivery-regimes
#7
Shafaq Fatima, Mark Adams, Ryan Wilkinson
Commercial culture of Brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in Tasmania was partly abandoned due to sexual maturation of male fish early on during the estuarine rearing phase. Maturation adversely affects body mass, flesh quality and immunocompetency effectively. Sex reversal techniques such as the in-feed addition of a synthetic androgen have proven difficult to adapt in brook trout. An appropriate timing, duration and delivery vehicle for administration of 17α-methyltestosterone (MT) to produce phenotypic males (neomales) from genotypically female brook trout required further investigation...
October 27, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876215/serological-evaluation-of-ovarian-steroids-of-red-rumped-agouti-dasyprocta-leporina-during-the-estrous-cycle-phases
#8
Michele D Singh, Michael J Morris, Diva Anelie Guimarães, Gregory Bourne, Gary W Garcia
The objective of this study was to evaluate serum progesterone (P4) and 17β estradiol (E2) concentrations throughout the estrous cycle in the red-rumped agouti (Dasyprocta leporina). A total of eight multiparous, captive-bred females were bled throughout their estrous cycle via saphenous venipuncture, with E2 and P4 concentrations being measured via ELISA of the serum collected. Serum E2 ranged from 1212 to 3500pg/ml with a peak value coinciding with observed estrus. However, two additional peak values for E2 were also recorded, one each in metestrus and proestrus respectively...
October 19, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773477/identification-and-profiling-of-micrornas-from-ovary-of-estrous-kazakh-sheep-induced-by-nutritional-status-in-the-anestrous-season
#9
Heng Yang, Shan Lin, Xiaoping Lei, Cong Yuan, Zhanwei Tian, Yaosheng Yu, Zongsheng Zhao, Jingbo Chen
Estrous regulation in sheep has an important role in the sheep industry in improving production of meat and wool. It has been reported that an enhanced nutritional status can induce estrus resulting in an end of the anestrous season earlier than occurs in ewes with a lesser nutritional status. However, the endocrine and physiological mechanisms that induce the increased incidence of estrus remains unclear. In the present study, the differences in amounts and characteristics of miRNAs in ewes at estrus or during the anestrous season were screened by using the Illumina HiSeq sequencing technology...
October 19, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773476/dead-or-alive-predicting-fetal-loss-in-japanese-macaques-macaca-fuscata-by-fecal-metabolites
#10
Rafaela S C Takeshita, Michael A Huffman, Keiko Mouri, Keiko Shimizu, Fred B Bercovitch
Dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS) is the main steroid product of the primate fetal adrenal during mid to late gestation and it plays a major role in providing estrogens needed for parturition. We tested the hypothesis that this hormone can indicate fetal health status and attempted to use fecal DHEAS (fDHEAS) to predict pregnancy outcome in Japanese macaques. The subjects were 16 adult females and 3 neonatal Japanese macaques living in captivity at the Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University. We classified females that gave birth to healthy infants as successful and females that gave birth to dead infants as stillbirth (late fetal loss) and miscarriage (early fetal loss)...
October 19, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789059/protective-effects-of-opuntia-ficus-indica-extract-on-ram-sperm-quality-lipid-peroxidation-and-dna-fragmentation-during-liquid-storage
#11
Larbi Allai, Xavier Druart, Mehmet Öztürk, Anass BenMoula, Boubker Nasser, Bouchra El Amiri
The present study aimed to assess the phenolic composition of the acetone extract from Opuntia ficus indica cladodes (ACTEX) and its effects on ram semen variables, lipid peroxidation and DNA fragmentation during liquid storage at 5°C for up to 72h in skim milk and Tris egg yolk extenders. Semen samples from five rams were pooled extended with Tris-egg yolk (TEY) or skim milk (SM) extenders containing ACTEX (0%, 1%, 2%, 4% and 8%) at a final concentration of 0.8×10(9) sperm/ml and stored for up to 72h at 5°C...
October 15, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876458/relative-abundance-of-g-protein-coupled-receptor-30-and-localization-in-testis-and-epididymis-of-sheep-at-different-developmental-stages
#12
Peiyao Lu, Fuchuan Wang, Xianyi Song, Yang Liu, Kai Zhang, Ningxian Cao
The G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) is a transmembrane estrogen receptor that binds to estrogen, and has been confirmed to have an important role in testicular cell proliferation and development. The main objective of this study was to examine GPR30 gene expression and localization in the testis and epididymis of sheep at different developmental stages. Testes, including the epididymis, were collected from Polled Dorset x Mongolian cross rams at one (n=4; wt), three (n=4; wt), six (n=4; wt), nine (n=4; wt) and 12 (n=4; wt) months of age...
October 11, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769536/identification-of-the-most-abundant-proteins-in-equine-amniotic-fluid-by-a-proteomic-approach
#13
Gloria Isani, Enea Ferlizza, Aurora Cuoghi, Elisa Bellei, Emanuela Monari, Barbara Bianchin Butina, Carolina Castagnetti
Characterisation of the physiologic equine amniotic fluid (AF) proteome is a prerequisite to study its changes during diseases and discover new biomarkers. The aim of this study was to identify by a proteomic approach the most abundant proteins of equine AF. AF samples were collected at parturition from 24 healthy mares that delivered healthy foals. All samples were subjected to sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) on 4-12% gels. A pool of the 24 samples, after SDS-PAGE, was cut in 25 slices, trypsin-digested and analysed by mass spectrometry (MS) for protein identification...
October 11, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751593/molecular-markers-bm1500-and-umn2008-are-associated-with-post-thaw-motility-of-bull-sperm
#14
Rafeeque R Alyethodi, Rajib Deb, Rani Alex, Sushil Kumar, Umesh Singh, Shrikant Tyagi, D K Mandal, T V Raja, A K Das, Sheetal Sharma, Gyanendra S Sengar, Rani Singh, B Prakash
Cryopreservation is one of the most important aspects of frozen semen technology and livestock breeding. Uses of candidate molecular markers in selection strategies for male fertility are well recognized. The present investigation targeted two microsatellite markers (BM1500 and UMN 2008) for association with semen quality variables and freezing capacity in Frieswal (HF×Sahiwal) crossbred bulls of Indian origin. Of the different alleles at the polymorphic locus BM1500, the 136bp allele was associated with greater (P<0...
October 11, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720247/time-lapse-embryo-imaging-and-morphokinetic-profiling-towards-a-general-characterisation-of-embryogenesis
#15
A A Mandawala, S C Harvey, T K Roy, K E Fowler
In vitro fertilisation is an effective method of assisted reproductive technology in both humans and certain non-human animal species. In most species, specifically, in humans and livestock, high in vitro fertilisation success rates are achieved via the transfer of embryos with the highest implantation and subsequent developmental potential. In order to reduce the risk of multiple gestation, which could be a result of the transfer of several embryos per cycle, restrictive transfer policies and methods to improve single embryo selection have been implemented...
September 29, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707521/use-of-heterospermic-inseminations-and-paternity-testing-to-evaluate-the-relative-contributions-of-common-sperm-traits-and-seminal-plasma-proteins-in-boar-fertility
#16
W L Flowers, F Deller, K R Stewart
The objective of this study was to evaluate relationships between common semen quality estimates including sperm motility, sperm morphology, spontaneous capacitation status and seminal plasma proteins and boar fertility using heterospermic inseminations and subsequent paternity testing. All boars (n=12) used in the study had excellent semen quality (≥70% normal sperm) that resulted in average farrowing rates and litter sizes of 88.9±0.7% and 11.7±0.1 pigs, respectively. Their ejaculates were combined to make heterospermic insemination doses in such a way that each boar was tested against all of his contemporaries...
September 29, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707520/molecular-characterization-of-methoprene-tolerant-gene-met-in-the-swimming-crab-portunus-trituberculatus-its-putative-role-in-methyl-farnesoate-mediated-vitellogenin-transcriptional-activation
#17
Mingxin Liu, Xi Xie, Tian Tao, Qinghua Jiang, Juan Shao, Dongfa Zhu
Methoprene-tolerant (Met) belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH)-Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) family of nuclear transcriptional regulators, and is the leading candidate receptor for the insect Juvenile hormone (JH) and the crustacean methyl farnesoate (MF). In the present study, a full-length cDNA of Met was cloned from the swimming crab, Portunus trituberculatus (PtMet). The PtMet amino acid sequence was found to contain domains characteristic of the bHLH-PAS family proteins and to have several conserved amino acid residues specifically responsible for JH or MF binding...
September 29, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726904/nonylphenol-reduces-sperm-viability-and-fertility-of-mature-male-breeders-in-brown-tsaiya-ducks-anas-platyrhynchos
#18
Min-Chien Cheng, Hsin-I Chiang, Jiunn-Wang Liao, Che-Ming Hung, Ming-Yang Tsai, Yu-Hsin Chen, Jyh-Cherng Ju, Mei-Ping Cheng, Ko-Hua Tso, Yang-Kwang Fan
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of nonylphenol (NP), a widely used surfactant, on the reproductive performance of male Brown Tsaiya ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) (MBBTDs). Mature MBBTDs (n=100) were treated with NP by daily gavaging of 0, 1 (NP1), 10 (NP10) and 250 (NP250) mg/kg-BW/d for 14 wk. Semen quality, fertilization rate and specific factors in blood plasma were measured. Weights of organs were also measured at 14 wk after NP administration. Ducks from each treatment (n=4) were continually treated with NP thereafter for 12 mo to observe changes of tissue ultrastructure by microscopic examination...
September 27, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692499/fertilization-success-of-sterlet-acipenser-ruthenus-and-siberian-sturgeon-acipenser-baerii-gametes-under-conditions-of-heterospecific-mating
#19
M Havelka, H Šachlová, A Shaliutina-Kolešová, M Rodina
Species may be prevented from interspecific hybridization by a number of different reproductive barriers that operate precopulatory and postcopulatory. In situation, when natural precopulatory reproductive barriers are affected by anthropogenic factors, postcopulatory reproductive barriers may be important for maintaining gametic isolation and hence preventing interspecific hybridization. This is highly topical in sturgeon (order Acipenseriformes) which exhibits remarkable ease of interspecific hybridization...
September 16, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660014/effect-of-vitamin-e-and-selenium-nanoparticles-on-post-thaw-variables-and-oxidative-status-of-rooster-semen
#20
Soroush Safa, Gholamali Moghaddam, Raziallah Jafari Jozani, Hossein Daghigh Kia, Hossein Janmohammadi
This study was conducted to determine the combined effects of adding vitamin E (VitE) and selenium nanoparticle (Nano-Se) as antioxidant supplements to rooster semen extender for freezing. Semen samples were collected from 12 White Leghorn roosters and pooled. Subsequently, the samples were divided into nine equal groups using modified Beltsville extender. Extenders were supplemented with either two amounts of VitE (5 and 10μg/mL) or two amounts of Nano-Se (1% and 2%) or a combination of both VitE and Nano-Se, and no antioxidants extender (control group)...
September 15, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
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