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Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645452/thrust-magnitudes-rates-and-3-dimensional-directions-delivered-in-simulated-lumbar-spine-high-velocity-low-amplitude-manipulation
#1
Edward F Owens, Ronald S Hosek, Linda Mullin, Lydia Dever, Stephanie G B Sullivan, Brent S Russell
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure faculty performance of simulated spinal manipulation on a mannequin to help identify teaching standards. METHODS: We measured 3-dimensional transmitted loads using a force plate mounted in the table. Thrusts were delivered through a compliant, jointed mannequin by faculty members along predefined "listings" as taught in lumbopelvic technique courses. RESULTS: Eleven chiropractic faculty members participated, delivering 9 thrusts at 3 loads (light, moderate, and heavy) along 9 different prone and side-posture listings, totaling 81 thrusts per participant...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645451/differences-in-outcomes-of-patients-treated-by-male-vs-female-chiropractors
#2
Malin B Muehlemann, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare treatment outcomes of low back pain patients depending on the sex of the treating doctor of chiropractic (DC). METHODS: For this study, 1095 adult patients with no manual therapy in the prior 3 months were recruited. Pretreatment pain levels (Numeric Rating Scale for pain [NRS]), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and patient demographic details were recorded. The NRS and Patient Global Impression of Change were assessed after 1 week and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633885/characteristics-of-paraspinal-muscle-spindle-response-to-mechanically-assisted-spinal-manipulation-a-preliminary-report
#3
William R Reed, Joel G Pickar, Randall S Sozio, Michael A K Liebschner, Joshua W Little, Maruti R Gudavalli
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this preliminary study is to determine muscle spindle response characteristics related to the use of 2 solenoid powered clinical mechanically assisted manipulation (MAM) devices. METHODS: L6 muscle spindle afferents with receptive fields in paraspinal muscles were isolated in 6 cats. Neural recordings were made during L7 MAM thrusts using the Activator V (Activator Methods Int. Ltd., Phoenix, AZ) and/or Pulstar (Sense Technology Inc., Pittsburgh, PA) devices at their 3 lowest force settings...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633884/differences-in-practice-characteristics-between-male-and-female-chiropractors-in-switzerland
#4
Regina Vollenweider, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
OBJECTIVES: A total of 75% of the chiropractic medicine students in the new program at the University of Zürich are women, which is in stark contrast to the traditional ratio of chiropractors in Switzerland, where 75% have been men. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare work behaviors between female and male chiropractors relating to workload, patient variety, and chiropractic treatment techniques. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from the Swiss Job Analysis 2009 study...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554432/correlation-of-body-composition-and-low-back-pain-severity-in-a-cross-section-of-us-veterans
#5
Casey S Okamoto, Andrew S Dunn, Bart N Green, Lance R Formolo, David Chicoine
OBJECTIVE: Back pain is more prevalent in the obese, but whether back pain severity is directly correlated to obesity in veterans is unknown. We sought to determine if there was a correlation between body composition and low back pain severity in a sample of veterans. The hypothesis was that veterans with higher body mass index values would report higher low back pain severity scores. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review of 1768 veterans presenting to a Veterans Affairs chiropractic clinic with a chief complaint of low back pain between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495026/neck-related-physical-function-self-efficacy-and-coping-strategies-in-patients-with-cervical-radiculopathy-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-postoperative-physiotherapy
#6
Johanna Wibault, Birgitta Öberg, Åsa Dedering, Håkan Löfgren, Peter Zsigmond, Liselott Persson, Maria Andell, Margareta R Jonsson, Anneli Peolsson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative rehabilitation with structured physiotherapy to the standard approach in patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR) in a prospective randomized study at 6 months follow-up based on measures of neck-related physical function, self-efficacy, and coping strategies. METHODS: Patients with persistent CR and scheduled for surgery (N = 202) were randomly assigned to structured postoperative physiotherapy or a standard postoperative approach...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427725/association-of-mild-leg-length-discrepancy-and-degenerative-changes-in-the-hip-joint-and-lumbar-spine
#7
Kelvin J Murray, Tom Molyneux, Michael R Le Grande, Aurora Castro Mendez, Franz K Fuss, Michael F Azari
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between mild leg length discrepancy (LLD) and degenerative joint disease (DJD) or osteoarthritis. METHODS: We evaluated standard postural lumbopelvic radiographs from 255 adults (121 women and 134 men) who had presented with spinal pain for chiropractic care. Symmetry of femoral head diameters was used to exclude magnification errors. Pearson's partial correlation was used to control for age and derive effect sizes for LLD on DJD in the hip and lower lumbar motion segments...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413118/cadaveric-and-ultrasonographic-validation-of-needling-placement-in-the-cervical-multifidus-muscle
#8
César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Juan A Mesa-Jiménez, Jose A Paredes-Mancilla, Shane L Koppenhaver, Samuel Fernández-Carnero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if a needle is able to reach the cervical multifidus during the application of dry needling or acupuncture. METHODS: Dry needling and ultrasound imaging of cervical multifidi was conducted on 5 patients (age: 32 ± 5 years) with mechanical neck pain and on 2 fresh cadavers (age: 64 ± 1 years). Dry needling was done using a needle of 40 mm in length inserted perpendicular to the skin about 1 cm lateral to the spinous process at C3-C4...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413117/structure-specific-movement-patterns-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-dysfunction-using-lumbar-combined-movement-examination
#9
Aubrey P Monie, Roger I Price, Christopher R P Lind, Kevin P Singer
OBJECTIVE: A test-retest cohort study was conducted to assess the use of a novel computer-aided, combined movement examination (CME) to measure change in low back movement after pain management intervention in 17 cases of lumbar spondylosis. Additionally we desired to use a CME normal reference range (NRR) to compare and contrast movement patterns identified from 3 specific structural pathologic conditions: intervertebral disc, facet joint, and nerve root compression. METHODS: Computer-aided CME was used before and after intervention, in a cohort study design, to record lumbar range of movement along with pain, disability, and health self-report questionnaires in 17 participants who received image-guided facet, epidural, and/or rhizotomy intervention...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413116/trunk-muscle-emg-during-intermediate-pilates-mat-exercises-in-beginner-healthy-and-chronic-low-back-pain-individuals
#10
Ivye L R Pereira, Bergson Queiroz, Jefferson Loss, César Amorim, Isabel C N Sacco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the electromyographic pattern of core muscles during intermediate Pilates mat exercises between healthy people and those with low back pain. METHODS: We evaluated healthy participants (n = 19; mean ± standard deviation [SD]: age 28 ± 8 years, body mass 65 ± 10 kg, height 160.0 ± 9.1 cm) and a low back pain group (n = 13; mean ± SD: age 30 ± 9 years, body mass 67 ± 12 kg, height 170.0 ± 6.6 cm). Electromyographic analysis assessed the multifidus, external oblique, internal oblique, and rectus abdominis muscles during classical Pilates exercises (single leg stretch, criss-cross, and dead bug)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395985/manual-lymphatic-drainage-in-blood-circulation-of-upper-limb-with-lymphedema-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#11
Raquel Michelini Guerero, Lais Mara Siqueira das Neves, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess blood flow after manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) in women who had received surgery for breast cancer and had post-axillary lymphadenectomy lymphedema. METHODS: Sixteen volunteers (mean age 64 ± 11.44 years) were divided into 2 groups. Those in group 1 received MLD without upper limb elevation, and those in group 2 received MLD with elevation of 30° of the upper limb. Blood flow velocity of the brachial vein and artery were measured using Doppler ultrasound before, immediately after, and 30 minutes after MLD, with and without 30° of upper limb elevation as defined by a random crossover design and an interval (washout) of 7 days...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395983/effects-of-holding-an-external-load-on-the-standing-balance-of-older-and-younger-adults-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain
#12
Leonardo Shigaki, Edgar Ramos Vieira, André Wilson de Oliveira Gil, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariana Zingari Carmargo, Leandro Amaral Sturion, Marcio Roǵerio de Oliveira, Rubens A da Silva
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of holding an external load on the standing balance of younger and older adults with and without chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Twenty participants with and 20 without CLBP participated in the study. Each group contained 10 younger (50% men) and 10 older adults (50% men). Participants were instructed to look straight ahead while standing on a force platform during two 120-second trials with and without holding an external load (10% of body mass)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390711/association-between-severity-of-temporomandibular-disorders-and-the-frequency-of-headache-attacks-in-women-with-migraine-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Lidiane Lima Florencio, Anamaria Siriani de Oliveira, Gabriela Ferreira Carvalho, Fabiola Dach, Marcelo Eduardo Bigal, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Débora Bevilaqua-Grossi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the magnitude of association of the severity of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in women with episodic and chronic migraine. METHODS: Thirty-one women with episodic migraine (mean age: 33 years), 21 with chronic migraine (mean age: 35 years) and 32 healthy controls (mean age: 31 years) were included. The Fonseca Anamnestic Index was applied to assess severity of TMDs. TMD severity was considered as follows: no TMD (0-19 points), mild TMD (20-49 points), moderate TMD (50-69 points), and severe TMD (70-100 points)...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390710/effects-of-anteroposterior-talus-mobilization-on-range-of-motion-pain-and-functional-capacity-in-participants-with-subacute-and-chronic-ankle-injuries-a-controlled-trial
#14
Rafael Duarte Silva, Luciana Mundim Teixeira, Tarcísio Santos Moreira, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Marcos Antônio de Resende
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390709/intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-peripheral-arterial-blood-flow-velocity-by-means-of-doppler-ultrasound
#15
Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro, Gabriella de Paula Marcondes Ferreira Leite, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Nathalia Cristina de Souza Borges, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro
OBJECTIVE: Although it is possible to find studies that analyze the velocity of blood flow in different arteries, the reliability of Doppler ultrasound on peripheral arteries has not yet been completely established. Our objective was to evaluate intra- and inter-rater reliability of the measurement of blood flow velocity by Doppler ultrasound of brachial, radial, popliteal, and posterior tibial arteries. METHODS: Fifty healthy individuals of both genders, aged between 18 and 45 years, were included in the study...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390708/test-retest-reliability-of-measuring-the-vertebral-arterial-blood-flow-velocity-in-people-with-cervicogenic-dizziness
#16
Gary L Shum, Sally Cinnamond, Alan D Hough, Richard Craven, Wayne Whittingham
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the within-session and between-sessions reliability of measuring the vertebral artery blood flow velocities in people with cervicogenic dizziness using Doppler ultrasound at both upper and lower cervical levels. METHODS: Outcome measures were taken on 2 occasions 3 weeks apart with no active treatment provided in between the assessments on 12 participants. Pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasound was used to quantify time-averaged mean velocities through the vertebral artery at upper cervical (C0-1) and lower cervical vertebrae (C5-6)...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554433/systematic-review-of-nondrug-nonsurgical-treatment-of-shoulder-conditions
#17
REVIEW
Cheryl Hawk, Amy L Minkalis, Raheleh Khorsan, Clinton J Daniels, Dennis Homack, Jordan A Gliedt, Julie A Hartman, Shireesh Bhalerao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative nondrug, nonsurgical interventions, either alone or in combination, for conditions of the shoulder. METHODS: The review was conducted from March 2016 to November 2016 in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), and was registered with PROSPERO. Eligibility criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews, or meta-analyses studying adult patients with a shoulder diagnosis...
June 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410763/correlation-between-upper-limb-volume-and-arterial-and-venous-blood-flow-velocity-in-lymphedema-secondary-to-breast-cancer-treatment
#18
Monique Silva Rezende, Ana Luiza Marsengo, Amanda Apolinário, Vânia Tie Koga Ferreira, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate upper limb volume and arterial and venous blood flow velocity in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 30 women with lymphedema and a mean age of 55.60 years (standard deviation = 8.12). For the assessment of upper limb volume, perimetry was performed with measures at 6 points on the limb, which were mathematically calculated as volume. The blood flow velocity of the axillary and brachial arteries and veins were assessed by Doppler ultrasound with a probe at 4 MHz...
May 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410762/ultrasound-assessment-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-in-women-with-and-without-low-back-pain-during-pregnancy
#19
Carol Ann Weis, Jennifer Nash, John J Triano, Jon Barrett
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the differences in abdominal musculature thickness, within 1 month of delivery, in women who experienced back pain during pregnancy compared with those who did not. METHODS: B-mode ultrasound imaging was used to measure abdominal muscle thickness on 76 postpartum participants who participated in a larger study; 47 women experienced back pain during pregnancy, and 29 did not. Participant data were stratified by group, and primary comparisons were based on these grouping across the abdominal muscles, including rectus abdominis (upper and lower fibers), external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominis...
May 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395984/efficacy-of-manual-therapy-including-neurodynamic-techniques-for-the-treatment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Tomasz Wolny, Edward Saulicz, Paweł Linek, Michael Shacklock, Andrzej Myśliwiec
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized trial was to compare the efficacy of manual therapy, including the use of neurodynamic techniques, with electrophysical modalities on patients with mild and moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: The study included 140 CTS patients who were randomly assigned to the manual therapy (MT) group, which included the use of neurodynamic techniques, functional massage, and carpal bone mobilizations techniques, or to the electrophysical modalities (EM) group, which included laser and ultrasound therapy...
May 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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