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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815351/an-integrated-model-of-skin-cancer-risk-in-sexual-minority-males
#1
Aaron J Blashill, Benjamin M Rooney, Kristen J Wells
Sexual minority males are an at-risk group for developing skin cancer. Elevated rates of skin cancer among this population are thought to be driven by excess indoor tanning; however, motivations to indoor tan among this population are unknown. Theoretically, appearance-based and affect regulation motives may be proximal predictors of increased indoor tanning in this population. The current study tests an integrated biopsychosocial model of indoor tanning behaviors and future intentions among a sample of sexual minority males...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776192/role-of-religious-social-support-in-longitudinal-relationships-between-religiosity-and-health-related-outcomes-in-african-americans
#2
Cheryl L Holt, David L Roth, Jin Huang, Eddie M Clark
This study tested a longitudinal model of religious social support as a potential mediator of the relationship between religious beliefs and behaviors, and multiple health-related outcomes (e.g., depressive symptoms, functioning, diet, alcohol use, cancer screening). A national probability sample of African Americans enrolled in the religion and health in African Americans study completed three waves of telephone interviews over a 5-year period (N = 766). Longitudinal structural equation models indicated that religious behaviors, but not beliefs, predicted the slowing of a modest overall decline in positive religious social support, while negative interactions with congregational members were stable...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766183/guided-imagery-targeting-exercise-food-cravings-and-stress-a-multi-modal-randomized-feasibility-trial
#3
Peter Giacobbi, Dustin Long, Richard Nolan, Samantha Shawley, Kelsey Johnson, Ranjita Misra
The purpose of this randomized wait-list controlled trial was to test the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a guided imagery based multi-behavior intervention intended to address psychological stress, food cravings, and physical activity. Personalized guided imagery scripts were created and participants were instructed to practice guided imagery every day for 35 consecutive days. Of 48 women who enrolled, we report comparisons between 16 randomized to treatment with 19 who were wait-listed (overall Mage = 45...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752331/the-association-of-neighborhood-context-with-health-outcomes-among-ethnic-minority-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Chenkai Wu, Kimlin Tam Ashing, Veronica C Jones, Lisa Barcelo
While individual-level determinants of health, such as education and income, have been well documented among breast cancer survivors, little is known about the role of neighborhood context on survivorship outcomes among this population. The present study examined the association of neighborhood stress with multiple health outcomes among ethnic minority breast cancer survivors (BCS). A mixed-methods approach was used to recruit 320 African-American and Hispanic BCS who were 26-89 years and lived in metropolitan Los Angeles, CA...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718078/relationship-between-daily-pain-and-affect-in-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-lower-optimism-as-a-vulnerability-factor
#5
Zuzanna Kwissa-Gajewska, Ewa Gruszczyńska
The aim of the study was to examine the moderating effect of optimism on the relationship between daily pain-daily affect. Fifty-four female patients with rheumatoid arthritis completed self-report measures of optimism (once), daily pain and daily positive and negative affect for 7 consecutive days during hospitalization. Results of multilevel random coefficients modeling demonstrated a significant cross-level interaction for daily negative affect only. Simple slopes analysis revealed that low optimism was related to a stronger positive relationship between daily pain and daily negative affect, whereas this effect was insignificant for higher optimism...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712010/the-interaction-between-individualism-and-wellbeing-in-predicting-mortality-survey-of-health-ageing-and-retirement-in-europe
#6
Judith A Okely, Alexander Weiss, Catharine R Gale
The link between greater wellbeing and longevity is well documented. The aim of the current study was to test whether this association is consistent across individualistic and collectivistic cultures. The sample consisted of 13,596 participants from 11 European countries, each of which was assigned an individualism score according to Hofstede et al.'s (Cultures and organizations: software of the mind, McGraw Hill, New York, 2010) cultural dimension of individualism. We tested whether individualism moderated the cross-sectional association between wellbeing and self-rated health or the longitudinal association between wellbeing and mortality risk...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710565/somatic-symptom-severity-among-primary-care-patients-who-are-obese-examining-the-unique-contributions-of-anxiety-sensitivity-discomfort-intolerance-and-health-anxiety
#7
Thomas A Fergus, Christine A Limbers, Jackson O Griggs, Lance P Kelley
Prior research indicates the common presentation of somatic symptoms and obesity in primary care settings, as well as links between obesity and somatic symptoms. Anxiety sensitivity, discomfort intolerance, and health anxiety are three variables relevant to somatic symptoms. How those three variables relate to somatic symptom severity among individuals who are obese and the unique variance accounted for by each variable in somatic symptom severity remains unexamined. Among a large sample of primary care patients who are obese (N = 342), anxiety sensitivity, discomfort intolerance, and health anxiety collectively accounted for 35% of variance in somatic symptom severity beyond the effects of sociodemographic variables, body mass index, medical morbidity, and depression severity...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710564/psychological-generators-of-stress-headaches
#8
Juanita Kay Miller Berry, Peter D Drummond
Psychological stress triggers headaches, but how this happens is unclear. To explore this, 38 migraine sufferers, 28 with tension-type headache (T-TH) and 20 controls rated nausea, negative affect, task-expectancies and headache at 5-min intervals during an aversive 20-min mental arithmetic task with a fixed failure rate. Blood pressure and pulse rate were measured every 3 min and salivary cortisol was sampled before and after the task. Multiple regression analysis indicated that irritation, anxiety and the absence of sluggishness (i...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689248/daily-self-weighing-and-weight-gain-prevention-a-longitudinal-study-of-college-aged-women
#9
Diane L Rosenbaum, Hallie M Espel, Meghan L Butryn, Fengqing Zhang, Michael R Lowe
Daily self-weighing has been suggested as an important factor for weight loss maintenance among samples with obesity. This study is a secondary analysis that examined daily self-weighing in association with weight and body composition outcomes over 2 years among young women with vulnerability for weight gain. Women (N = 294) of varying weight status completed self-weighing frequency questionnaires and weight was measured in the clinic at baseline, 6 months, 1, and 2 years; DXA scans were completed at baseline, 6 months and 2 years...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646268/the-role-of-perceived-sleep-norms-in-subjective-sleep-appraisals-and-sleep-related-illness-behavior
#10
Mazheruddin M Mulla, Jerome A Lewis, James C Hamilton, Joshua Tutek, Sarah E Emert, Tricia H Witte, Kenneth L Lichstein
The present investigation sought to extend extant research on subjective sleep complaints by examining their relation to perceived sleep norms. Results from two studies showed that individuals' distress and illness behavior in response to symptoms of fatigue and non-restorative sleep was influenced by their perceptions of peer norms for those symptoms. Individuals who believed they experienced a greater degree of fatigue and non-restorative sleep than their peers reported more distress arising from those symptoms, and were also more likely to seek social support and medical treatment for them...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639107/depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-biological-mechanistic-pathways
#11
Diana A Chirinos, Indira Gurubhagavatula, Preston Broderick, Julio A Chirinos, Karen Teff, Thomas Wadden, Greg Maislin, Hassam Saif, Jesse Chittams, Caitlin Cassidy, Alexandra L Hanlon, Allan I Pack
This study examined the association between depressive symptoms, as well as depressive symptom dimensions, and three candidate biological pathways linking them to Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): (1) inflammation; (2) circulating leptin; and (3) intermittent hypoxemia. Participants included 181 obese adults with moderate-to-severe OSA enrolled in the Cardiovascular Consequences of Sleep Apnea (COSA) trial. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). We assessed inflammation using C-reactive protein levels (CRP), circulating leptin by radioimmunoassay using a double antibody/PEG assay, and intermittent hypoxemia by the percentage of sleep time each patient had below 90% oxyhemoglobin saturation...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639106/time-to-selected-quit-date-and-subsequent-rates-of-sustained-smoking-abstinence
#12
George L Anesi, Scott D Halpern, Michael O Harhay, Kevin G Volpp, Kathryn Saulsgiver
In efforts to combat tobacco dependence, most smoking cessation programs offer individuals who smoke the choice of a target quit date. However, it is uncertain whether the time to the selected quit date is associated with participants' chances of achieving sustained abstinence. In a pre-specified secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial of four financial-incentive programs or usual care to encourage smoking cessation (Halpern et al. in N Engl J Med 372(22):2108-2117, doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1414293 , 2015), study participants were instructed to select a quit date between 0 and 90 days from enrollment...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631102/experiencing-is-believing-prior-experience-moderates-the-impact-of-self-based-and-socially-based-cues-in-the-context-of-blood-donation
#13
Lindsay Roberts, Jason P Rose, Erin A Vogel
Two studies explored how self-based cues (i.e., self-efficacy), socially-based cues (i.e., perceived social norms), and prior blood donation experience differentially influence behavioral intentions. In Study 1, undergraduate students (N = 766) completed an online study that evaluated prior experiences, self-efficacy, perceived norms, and behavioral intentions in the context of blood donation. In Study 2, a community sample (N = 199) from a clinic waiting room completed similar measures. Across both studies, having high self-efficacy was a necessary and sufficient antecedent to high intentions, regardless of norm perception for donors...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631101/stationary-cycling-exergame-use-among-inactive-children-in-the-family-home-a-randomized-trial
#14
Ryan E Rhodes, Chris M Blanchard, Shannon S D Bredin, Mark R Beauchamp, Ralph Maddison, Darren E R Warburton
Exergames may be one way to increase child physical activity, but long term adherence has seen little research attention. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the usage of an exergame bike in comparison to a stationary bike in front of a TV across 3-months within a family home environment among children aged 10-14 years old. Seventy-three inactive children were recruited through advertisements and randomized to either the exergame condition (n = 39) or the standard bike condition (n = 34)...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593427/drinking-and-exercise-behaviors-among-college-students-between-and-within-person-associations
#15
Ana M Abrantes, Matthew D Scalco, Sara O'Donnell, Haruka Minami, Jennifer P Read
Prior work has suggested a paradoxical positive relationship between the risk behavior alcohol use and the health behavior exercise, particularly in young adults. Though seldom tested, different theoretical perspectives exist on the mechanisms that may explain the positive relationship. The aims of this study were to test theorized mechanisms of association, including common causes shared by both behaviors (e.g., personality, motives, affective), compensatory processes such as exercising to compensate for calories from alcohol consumption, and methodological confounds (e...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577198/heart-disease-versus-cancer-understanding-perceptions-of-population-prevalence-and-personal-risk
#16
Jennifer K Scheideler, Jennifer M Taber, Rebecca A Ferrer, Emily G Grenen, William M P Klein
Although the gap is narrowing, Americans are more likely to be diagnosed with and die from heart disease than cancer, and yet many believe cancer is more common and their personal risk of cancer is higher than their heart disease risk. Using nationally representative 2013 Health Information National Trends Survey data, we assessed such beliefs and examined sociodemographic and psychological factors and health behaviors associated with these beliefs. 42.8% of participants rated cancer as more common and 78.5% rated their own cancer risk as equal to or exceeding their heart disease risk...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560605/social-support-stress-coping-strategies-resilience-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-a-polish-sample-of-hiv-infected-individuals-results-of-a-1%C3%A2-year-longitudinal-study
#17
Marcin Rzeszutek, Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka
This study investigated the level of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its association with the level of social support, stress coping strategies and resilience among a people living with HIV (PLWH) in a 1 year longitudinal study. We also controlled for age, HIV infection duration and the presence of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). From the 290 participants, initially eligible for the study, 110 patients were recruited for the first assessment and 73 patients participated in a follow-up assessment. Participants filled out following psychometric tools: the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), the Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS), the Mini-COPE Inventory, the Resiliency Assessment Scale (SPP-25) and the PTSD-F questionnaire...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612097/a-response-from-morgan-byron-baig-stepanov-and-brewer
#18
LETTER
Jennifer C Morgan, M Justin Byron, Sabeeh A Baig, Irina Stepanov, Noel T Brewer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577197/health-promotion-in-the-poly-tobacco-market
#19
LETTER
Mohammed Jawad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378107/temporal-daily-associations-among-sleep-and-pain-in-treatment-seeking-youth-with-acute-musculoskeletal-pain
#20
Amy Lewandowski Holley, Jennifer Rabbitts, Chuan Zhou, Lindsay Durkin, Tonya M Palermo
Sleep is an important health risk factor. In the context of pediatric chronic pain, sleep is often impaired and temporal daily associations link sleep deficiency to subsequent increased pain. It is unknown whether similar temporal relationships exist for youth with acute pain. Thus, we characterized sleep in youth with acute musculoskeletal (MSK) pain to examine daily sleep-pain associations. Participants were 67 youth (10-17 years) with acute MSK pain (<1 month duration). Youth underwent eight nights of actigraphic sleep monitoring and completed twice daily pain diaries...
August 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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