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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434173/the-effect-of-resilience-on-task-persistence-and-performance-during-repeated-exposure-to-heat-pain
#1
P Maxwell Slepian, Christopher R France
The Pain Resilience Scale was recently developed to assess dimensions of resilience critical to pain-related adaptation and was found to predict experimental pain sensitivity in a pain-free population. Pain resilience has also been theoretically linked to behavioral persistence despite pain. To date, however, this hypothesis has not been experimentally tested. To address this gap in the literature, in the current study 105 healthy young adults underwent a baseline administration of the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT), a stressful mental arithmetic task, delivered with somatosensory distraction (i...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432546/affective-cognitive-and-behavioral-outcomes-associated-with-a-false-positive-ovarian-cancer-screening-test-result
#2
Amanda T Wiggins, Edward J Pavlik, Michael A Andrykowski
While participation in cancer screening can facilitate early detection and improved prognosis, all screening tests yield some proportion of abnormal test results which are later determined benign. These false positive (FP) results can negatively impact affective, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes. Women participating in an ovarian cancer (OC) screening program receiving an abnormal screening test result (n = 375) were matched with women receiving normal results (n = 375). Both groups completed a baseline and 1- and 4-month follow-up assessments...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417294/high-trait-shame-undermines-the-protective-effects-of-prevalence-knowledge-on-state-shame-following-hpv-cin-diagnosis-in-women
#3
Sarah McQueary Flynn, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Suzanne C Segerstrom, Christen T Logue, Jamie L Studts
Human papillomavirus (HPV), and the related, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), are common yet poorly understood physical conditions. The diagnosis of HPV often elicits shame and guilt, which in turn may undermine psychological and physical health. The current study compared shame and guilt responses to diagnosis among two groups: women diagnosed with HPV/CIN and women diagnosed with Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV/IM). Eighty women recently diagnosed with HPV/CIN or EBV/IM completed measures of shame- and guilt-proneness, shame and guilt following diagnosis, and disease knowledge including prevalence estimates (HPV and EBV, respectively)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396970/longitudinal-associations-between-marital-quality-and-sleep-quality-in-older-adulthood
#4
Ji Hyun Lee, William J Chopik, Lawrence B Schiamberg
The current study examined how changes in marital quality are associated with changes in sleep quality in older adults over an 8-year period. Older adults from the Health and Retirement Study completed measures of both marital support/strain and sleep quality in 2006, 2010, and 2014 (N = 4981). We used latent growth curve models to examine intraindividual change in support, strain, and sleep quality. Further, we examined interrelationships between changes in each of these three indicators. Results showed that higher marital quality was associated with better sleep at baseline...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396969/psychological-and-behavioral-moderators-of-the-relationship-between-trauma-severity-and-hiv-transmission-risk-behavior-among-msm-with-a-history-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#5
Abigail W Batchelder, Peter P Ehlinger, Michael S Boroughs, Jillian C Shipherd, Steven A Safren, Gail H Ironson, Conall O'Cleirigh
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can be associated with condomless sex among men who have sex with men (MSM). However, the impact of moderating factors on the relationship between PTSD symptom severity and condomless sex is poorly understood. We examined whether PTSD symptom severity was associated with condomless sex among MSM with CSA histories, and whether substance dependence, self-esteem, and distress tolerance moderated that relationship (n = 288)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382571/understanding-physical-activity-lapses-among-women-responses-to-lapses-and-the-potential-buffering-effect-of-social-support
#6
Leah M Schumacher, Danielle Arigo, Coco Thomas
Many women fail to meet recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Limited research has examined women's barriers to PA adoption during attempts to increase PA-in particular, how often they experience PA lapses (i.e., failure to meet PA goals), their cognitive-affective responses to lapses, and the role of social support in preventing or responding to lapses. The present study assessed weekly variability in PA lapses, cognitive-affective responses to lapses, and social support related to PA among women participating in a partner-based PA program (n = 20)...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378107/temporal-daily-associations-among-sleep-and-pain-in-treatment-seeking-youth-with-acute-musculoskeletal-pain
#7
Amy Lewandowski Holley, Jennifer Rabbitts, Chuan Zhou, Lindsay Durkin, Tonya M Palermo
Sleep is an important health risk factor. In the context of pediatric chronic pain, sleep is often impaired and temporal daily associations link sleep deficiency to subsequent increased pain. It is unknown whether similar temporal relationships exist for youth with acute pain. Thus, we characterized sleep in youth with acute musculoskeletal (MSK) pain to examine daily sleep-pain associations. Participants were 67 youth (10-17 years) with acute MSK pain (<1 month duration). Youth underwent eight nights of actigraphic sleep monitoring and completed twice daily pain diaries...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353188/feasibility-of-standardized-methods-to-specify-behavioral-pediatric-obesity-prevention-interventions
#8
Meghan M JaKa, Simone A French, Julian Wolfson, Robert W Jeffery, Fabianna Lorencatto, Susan Michie, Shelby L Langer, Rona L Levy, Nancy E Sherwood
Standardized methods are needed to evaluate what occurs within the 'black box' of behavioral interventions to prevent pediatric obesity. The purpose of this research is to evaluate methods to specify the behavior change techniques used and the amount of time spent discussing target weight-related behaviors in an intervention for parents of children at risk for becoming overweight or obese. Independent coders were trained to identify behavior change techniques and time spent discussing weight-related behaviors in audio recordings and transcripts of intervention sessions from 100 randomly selected participants...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349344/long-term-abstinence-and-predictors-of-tobacco-treatment-uptake-among-hospitalized-smokers-with-serious-mental-illness-enrolled-in-a-smoking-cessation-trial
#9
Erin S Rogers, Rebecca Friedes, Annika Jakes, Ellie Grossman, Alissa Link, Scott E Sherman
Hospital patients with serious mental illness (SMI) have high rates of smoking. There are few post-discharge treatment models available for this population and limited research on their treatment uptake following discharge. This study is a secondary analysis of an RCT that compared multi-session intensive telephone counseling versus referral to state quitline counseling at two safety net hospitals in New York City. For this analysis, we selected all trial participants with a history of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder (N = 384) and used multivariable logistic regression to compare groups on self-reported 30-day abstinence at 6 months and to identify patient factors associated with use of tobacco treatment...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337560/medical-mistrust-as-a-key-mediator-in-the-association-between-perceived-discrimination-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-positive-latino-men
#10
Frank H Galvan, Laura M Bogart, David J Klein, Glenn J Wagner, Ying-Tung Chen
Discrimination has been found to have deleterious effects on physical health. The goal of the present study was to examine the association between perceived discrimination and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-positive Latino men and the extent to which medical mistrust serves as a mediator of that association. A series of linear and logistic regression models was used to test for mediation for three types of perceived discrimination (related to being Latino, being perceived as gay and being HIV-positive)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332029/brief-submaximal-isometric-exercise-improves-cold-pressor-pain-tolerance
#11
Emily Foxen-Craft, Lynnda M Dahlquist
Exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH), or the inhibition of pain following physical exercise, has been demonstrated in adults, but its mechanisms have remained unclear due to variations in methodology. This study aimed to address methodological imitations of past studies and contribute to the literature demonstrating the generalizability of EIH to brief submaximal isometric exercise and cold pressor pain. Young adults (n = 134) completed a baseline cold pressor trial, maximal voluntary contraction (hand grip strength) assessment, 10-min rest, and either a 2-min submaximal isometric handgrip exercise or a sham exercise in which no force was exerted, followed by a cold pressor posttest...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285411/expectations-affect-psychological-and-neurophysiological-benefits-even-after-a-single-bout-of-exercise-on-the-importance-of-considering-induced-negative-expectations
#12
LETTER
Vaitsa Giannouli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281106/tracking-daily-fatigue-fluctuations-in-multiple-sclerosis-ecological-momentary-assessment-provides-unique-insights
#13
Daniel J H Powell, Christina Liossi, Wolff Schlotz, Rona Moss-Morris
Studies investigating the prevalence, cause, and consequence of multiple sclerosis (MS) fatigue typically use single measures that implicitly assume symptom-stability over time, neglecting information about if, when, and why severity fluctuates. We aimed to examine the extent of moment-to-moment and day-to-day variability in fatigue in relapsing-remitting MS and healthy individuals, and identify daily life determinants of fluctuations. Over 4 weekdays, 76 participants (38 relapsing-remitting MS; 38 controls) recruited from multiple sites provided real-time self-reports six times daily (n = 1661 observations analyzed) measuring fatigue severity, stressors, mood, and physical exertion, and daily self-reports of sleep quality...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255751/substituting-activities-mediates-the-effect-of-cognitive-flexibility-on-physical-activity-a-daily-diary-study
#14
Scout M Kelly, John A Updegraff
Pursuit of physical activity goals often requires modifying plans, but research on these flexible processes is limited. Cognitive flexibility may heighten one's likelihood of using flexible self-regulatory strategies (e.g., substitution), thereby increasing physical activity. This study used daily diary methodology to test the indirect effect of cognitive flexibility on physical activity via activity substitution. A sample of 128 college students (73% female, mean age 19.9) completed baseline measures and cognitive flexibility assessments, then logged physical activity daily for 2 weeks...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255750/a-smartphone-app-delivered-randomized-factorial-trial-targeting-physical-activity-in-adults
#15
Jason Fanning, Sarah Roberts, Charles H Hillman, Sean P Mullen, Lee Ritterband, Edward McAuley
Rapid technological development has challenged researchers developing mobile moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) interventions. This 12-week randomized factorial intervention aimed to determine the individual and combined impact of a self-monitoring smartphone-app (tracking, feedback, education) and two theory-based modules (goal-setting, points-based feedback) on MVPA, key psychosocial outcomes, and application usage. Adults (N = 116; M age  = 41.38 ± 7.57) received (1) a basic self-monitoring app, (2) the basic app plus goal setting, (3) the basic app plus points-based feedback, or (4) the basic app plus both modules...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224264/how-people-think-about-the-chemicals-in-cigarette-smoke-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer C Morgan, M Justin Byron, Sabeeh A Baig, Irina Stepanov, Noel T Brewer
Laws and treaties compel countries to inform the public about harmful chemicals (constituents) in cigarette smoke. To encourage relevant research by behavioral scientists, we provide a primer on cigarette smoke toxicology and summarize research on how the public thinks about cigarette smoke chemicals. We systematically searched PubMed in July 2016 and reviewed citations from included articles. Four central findings emerged across 46 articles that met inclusion criteria. First, people were familiar with very few chemicals in cigarette smoke...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220343/effects-of-sleep-management-with-self-help-treatment-for-the-japanese-elderly-with-chronic-insomnia-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Norihisa Tamura, Hideki Tanaka
This study aimed to determine whether sleep management with self-help treatment is more effective in improving insomnia, compared to a waiting-list control. A total of 51 participants with insomnia, aged ≥60 years, were assigned to two groups: the treatment group or waiting-list control group. Intervention included sleep education, group work, moderately intense exercise, and self-help treatment using a sleep diary for 2 weeks. Participants completed the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI-J) and sleep diaries wearing an activity recorder pre- and post-treatment...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220342/icons-for-health-effects-of-cigarette-smoke-a-test-of-semiotic-type
#18
Allison J Lazard, Annie Schmidt, Huyen Vu, M Justin Byron, Ellen Peters, Marcella H Boynton, Noel T Brewer
We sought to identify icons to effectively communicate health harms of chemicals in cigarette smoke. Participants were a convenience sample of 701 U.S. adults. A within-subjects online experiment explored the effects of icon semiotic type: symbolic (arbitrary, most abstract), indexical, and iconic (representative, most concrete). Outcomes were perceived representation, affect toward smoking, elaboration, perceived severity, and perceived effectiveness. For not-easy-to-visualize harms of cancer and addiction, symbolic icons received the highest ratings (all p < ...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205015/self-management-of-dietary-intake-using-mindful-eating-to-improve-dietary-intake-for-individuals-with-early-stage-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Gayle M Timmerman, Muna J Tahir, Richard M Lewis, Deborah Samoson, Holli Temple, Michele R Forman
Using mindful eating to improve specific dietary recommendations has not been adequately studied. This feasibility study examined an intervention, self-management of dietary intake using mindful eating, with 19 participants that had mild to moderate chronic kidney disease, using a prospective, single group, pretest-posttest design. The intervention had six weekly classes focused on self-management using mindful eating, goal-setting, problem-solving, and food label reading. Weight, body mass index (BMI), 3-day 24-h dietary recalls and fasting blood samples were measured...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197815/choosing-not-to-undergo-predictive-genetic-testing-for-hereditary-colorectal-cancer-syndromes-expanding-our-understanding-of-decliners-and-declining
#20
Louise A Keogh, Heather Niven, Alison Rutstein, Louisa Flander, Clara Gaff, Mark Jenkins
While medical research continues to investigate the genetic basis of cancer, and personalised prevention gains momentum, little research has been conducted with the individuals who decline predictive genetic testing for cancer. We recruited individuals who had been offered genetic testing for Lynch syndrome or bi-allelic MUTYH mutations due to their participation in a large, population-based, Australia-wide colorectal cancer study. Thirty-three individuals in mutation-carrying families, unaffected by cancer, who had actively or passively declined testing at one of four decision-making points, took part in a qualitative interview about their decision...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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