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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Deborah L Jones, Adam W Carrico, Suat Babayigit, Violeta J Rodriguez, Carlos Aguila, Mahendra Kumar
Methamphetamine and HIV impair thyroid function, but few studies have investigated their combined effects on thyroid dysregulation. This study examined the associations of methamphetamine use alone and in combination with HIV on thyroid function among men in South Florida. Measures of thyroid function in methamphetamine-using, HIV-infected (METH+HIV+; n = 127) and HIV-negative (METH+HIV-; n = 46) men who have sex with men (MSM) were compared to non-methamphetamine-using, HIV-negative men (METH-HIV-; n = 136)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Warren K Bickel, Lara N Moody, Mikhail Koffarnus, J Graham Thomas, Rena Wing
Long-term weight loss maintenance is likely to require strong self-control in order to sustain changes in behavior patterns. We, therefore, tested the hypothesis that those who have successfully maintained weight loss may have superior self-control compared to control participants. Self-control was assessed using a delay discounting task through a webbased assessment of members of the National Weight Control Registry (NWCR: N = 757; non-obese = 605; obese = 152) and control participants (Control N = 443; nonobese = 236; obese = 207) from Amazon's Mechanical Turk...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
S Darius Tandon, Erin A Ward, Jaime L Hamil, Cindy Jimenez, Mya Carter
Postpartum depression is highly prevalent in low-income women and has significant health effects on mother and child. This pilot study tested the effectiveness of the newly adapted Mothers and Babies (MB) 1-on-1 intervention. A cluster randomized trial was conducted with 8 programs using trained home visitors to deliver MB 1-on-1 and 6 delivering usual home visiting. One hundred twenty pregnant women not experiencing major depression were enrolled. Outcomes were assessed at baseline and 3- and 6-months postpartum...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Christine M Guardino, Calvin J Hobel, Madeleine U Shalowitz, Sharon L Ramey, Christine Dunkel Schetter
Physical activity promotes better health outcomes across the lifespan, and provides physical and mental health benefits for women who have recently given birth. However, research has not adequately characterized physical activity levels or risk factors for inadequate physical activity during the postpartum period. The objective of the present study was to describe levels and correlates of physical activity at 6 months postpartum in mothers of diverse race/ethnicity (55% African American, 23% White, 22% Hispanic/Latina), with the majority living in or near poverty...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jordi Miró, Elena Castarlenas, Rocío de la Vega, Santiago Galán, Elisabet Sánchez-Rodríguez, Mark P Jensen, Douglas Cane
Pain catastrophizing and pain acceptance have been shown to be associated with improvements after participation in cognitive behaviorally-based treatment (CBT) for chronic pain. However, it is not yet clear how important each of these factors is relative to the other. Furthermore, it is also not clear if multidisciplinary pain treatment has the same impact on the two primary dimensions of pain acceptance (activity engagement and pain willingness), and whether their role in explaining treatment outcome differs as a function of the outcomes under study...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Janet A Lydecker, Elizabeth O'Brien, Carlos M Grilo
Weight bias (negative attitudes towards individuals with obesity) has been widely observed, but not examined in parents. In this study, we measured parents' (N = 658; 74.2% female) explicit and implicit weight bias against children with obesity. Many parents (n = 612; 93%) endorsed some moderate explicit weight bias. Fathers had greater explicit bias than mothers and parents with overweight/obesity had less bias than those with healthy-weight. Other parent/child variables (i.e., parent age, child sex, child weight, child age) were not significantly associated with explicit bias...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Lisette T Jacobson, Rosalee Zackula, Michelle L Redmond, Jennifer Duong, Tracie C Collins
In the United States, more than 9 million rural women (15-44 years old) experience limited access and delivery of reproductive healthcare services. Rurality coupled with lower socio-economic status are associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain in-depth information from underserved English- and Spanish-speaking pregnant and postpartum rural women on what they would value in a health promotion program. Three focus group sessions were conducted exploring four domains: (1) physical activity, (2) dietary habits, (3) fetal movement/kick counts, and (4) breastfeeding and other support resources...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Lorraine O Walker, Bobbie S Sterling, Heather Becker, Sherry Hendrickson, Bo Xie
The well-being of mothers and infants is influenced by mothers' behavioral and psychosocial health (B&PH), yet it is often neglected during healthcare visits. To address this gap, this study aimed to develop and evaluate acceptability of a postpartum toolkit (screening questionnaire, feedback template, and decision aid) to promote B&PH. Using a decision-making model and participatory design (N = 24), a B&PH screening questionnaire was refined, and prototypes of feedback templates and decision aids for selecting health goals were developed...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Sara M St George, Dawn K Wilson, M Lee Van Horn
This study examined the effects of a family-based health promotion intervention on the moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), light physical activity, sedentary behavior, and fruit and vegetable intake of African American parents. Eighty-nine African American parents (41.5 ± 8.5 years; 92% females; 74% obese; 64% < $40 K income) and adolescents (12.5 ± 1.4 years; 61% girls; 48% obese) were randomized to a 6-week behavioral skills plus positive parenting and peer monitoring intervention grounded in social cognitive, self-determination, and family systems theories or a general health comparison program...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jennifer M Kowalsky, Robert Conatser, Thomas Ritz, Christopher R France
Fear of blood and needles increases risk for presyncopal symptoms. Applied muscle tension can prevent or attenuate presyncopal symptoms; however, it is not universally effective. This study examined the effects of applied muscle tension, a respiratory intervention, and a no treatment control condition, on presyncopal symptoms and cerebral oxygenation, during a simulated blood draw with individuals highly fearful of needles. Participants (n = 95) completed questionnaires, physiological monitoring, and two trials of a simulated blood draw with recovery...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Amy Lamb, James Mirocha, Calvin J Hobel
Prenatal vitamin D deficiency and prenatal depression are both separately associated with adverse perinatal outcomes; however, to our knowledge no studies have investigated the effects of having both risk factors. Our objective was to determine to what extent vitamin D deficiency predicts adverse perinatal outcomes and whether elevated depressive symptoms in pregnancy places women at additional increased risk. This study was a secondary data analysis of prospective data collected from a cohort of pregnant women (N = 101) in an obstetric clinic of a large medical center...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Erika A Montanaro, Trace S Kershaw, Angela D Bryan
The current study compares the effectiveness of interventions that attempted to uniquely influence hypothesized determinants of behavior in the Theory of Planned Behavior versus some optimal combination of constructs (three constructs vs. four) to increase condom use among intentions and behavior college students. 317 participants (M age  = 19.31; SD age  = 1.31; 53.3% female; 74.1% Caucasian) were randomly assigned to one of seven computer-based interventions. Interventions were designed using the Theory of Planned Behavior as the guiding theoretical framework...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Iana Alexeeva, Maryanne Martin
Attentional biases have been observed in populations with psychological disorders, but have been under-investigated in populations with physical illnesses. This study investigated potential attentional biases in asthma as a function of mood. Asthma (N = 45), and healthy (N = 39) participants were randomly allocated to a depressed or a neutral mood state induction. They completed a visual probe task that measured participants' reaction times to health-threat and neutral pictures and words. Compared to the healthy controls, the asthma group showed attentional bias towards health-threat pictures in depressed mood, and avoidance of health-threat pictures in neutral mood...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Lisa A Eaton, Valerie A Earnshaw, Jessica L Maksut, Katherine R Thorson, Ryan J Watson, Jose A Bauermeister
Rates of HIV/STI transmission among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are alarmingly high and demand urgent public health attention. Stigma related concerns are a key barrier to accessing health care and prevention tools, yet limited research has been focused in this area. Experiences of stigma related to health care were evaluated among 151 BMSM residing in the Atlanta, GA area, both prior to and post HIV or STI diagnosis in a longitudinal study (data collected from 2014 to 2016). Findings demonstrated that inadequate health care engagement is associated with post-diagnosis anticipated stigma (b = - 0...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Kate Ryan Kuhlman, Theodore F Robles, Julienne E Bower, Judith E Carroll
Existing research on childhood adversity and health risk across the lifespan lacks specificity regarding which types of exposures to assess and when. The purpose of this study was to contribute to an empirically-supported framework to guide practitioners interested in identifying youth who may be at greatest risk for a lifelong trajectory of health disparities. We also sought to identify the point in childhood at which screening for adversity exposure would capture the largest group of at risk individuals for triage to prevention and intervention services...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
M V Auerbach, C J Heckman, S Darlow
We aimed to further the understanding of the low rates of sun protection in young women at risk for skin cancer. Six-hundred-sixty-one daily diary entries were received via text message over 14 days from 56 young women at moderate to high risk of developing skin cancer. Women reported whether or not they used sun protection and also listed what their reasons were for using protection or not using sun protection each day. Multi-level modeling was used to examine the influence of study variables when predicting daily sun protection or lack of protection...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Karin Fisher, Andrea M Laikin, Katianne M Howard Sharp, Catherine A Criddle, Tonya M Palermo, Cynthia W Karlson
Limited research is available on the relationship between objective sleep patterns and pain in children with SCD. Research in other chronic pain populations suggests that the effect of sleep disruption on pain may be stronger than the effect of pain on sleep that night. To examine the bi-directional relationship between objective sleep patterns and daily pain in a pediatric SCD sample. Participants were 30 African American children with SCD 8-18 years (13 ± 2.8 years; 66.7% female) with frequent pain...
June 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Marissa G Hall, Theresa M Marteau, Cass R Sunstein, Kurt M Ribisl, Seth M Noar, Elizabeth N Orlan, Noel T Brewer
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors that influence public support for "nudging" policies, like pictorial cigarette pack warnings, may offer insight about how to increase such support. We sought to examine factors that influence smokers' support for requiring pictorial warnings on cigarette packs. METHODS: In 2014 and 2015, we randomly assigned 2149 adult US smokers to receive either pictorial warnings or text-only warnings on their cigarette packs for 4 weeks...
June 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Stefan F Fischerauer, Ragini Jha, David Ring, Neal Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Pain intensity and symptoms of depression are correlated and individually associated with decreased physical function. We compared two explanatory mediation models; one with depression as mediator of the association of pain intensity with physical function and the other one with pain intensity as the mediator of the effect of depression on physical function. In a cross-sectional study, 102 patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal illness completed measures of pain intensity, PROMIS depression CAT, PROMIS physical function-upper extremity CAT and demographics...
June 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jeffrey S Stein, Allison N Tegge, Jamie K Turner, Warren K Bickel
Episodic future thinking (EFT), an intervention involving mental simulation of future events, has been shown to reduce both delay discounting and cigarette self-administration. In the present study, we extended these findings by showing that EFT in a web-based sample of smokers reduces delay discounting and intensity of demand for cigarettes (ad libitum consumption) in a hypothetical purchase task. No effect was observed on elasticity of demand (sensitivity to price) or cigarette craving. We also explored whether demand characteristics (specifically, the "good-subject" effect) might be responsible for observed effects...
April 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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