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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205015/self-management-of-dietary-intake-using-mindful-eating-to-improve-dietary-intake-for-individuals-with-early-stage-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Gayle M Timmerman, Muna J Tahir, Richard M Lewis, Deborah Samoson, Holli Temple, Michele R Forman
Using mindful eating to improve specific dietary recommendations has not been adequately studied. This feasibility study examined an intervention, self-management of dietary intake using mindful eating, with 19 participants that had mild to moderate chronic kidney disease, using a prospective, single group, pretest-posttest design. The intervention had six weekly classes focused on self-management using mindful eating, goal-setting, problem-solving, and food label reading. Weight, body mass index (BMI), 3-day 24-h dietary recalls and fasting blood samples were measured...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197815/choosing-not-to-undergo-predictive-genetic-testing-for-hereditary-colorectal-cancer-syndromes-expanding-our-understanding-of-decliners-and-declining
#2
Louise A Keogh, Heather Niven, Alison Rutstein, Louisa Flander, Clara Gaff, Mark Jenkins
While medical research continues to investigate the genetic basis of cancer, and personalised prevention gains momentum, little research has been conducted with the individuals who decline predictive genetic testing for cancer. We recruited individuals who had been offered genetic testing for Lynch syndrome or bi-allelic MUTYH mutations due to their participation in a large, population-based, Australia-wide colorectal cancer study. Thirty-three individuals in mutation-carrying families, unaffected by cancer, who had actively or passively declined testing at one of four decision-making points, took part in a qualitative interview about their decision...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190133/depressive-symptoms-moderate-the-relationship-between-medication-regimen-complexity-and-objectively-measured-medication-adherence-in-adults-with-heart-failure
#3
Carly M Goldstein, Emily C Gathright, John Gunstad, Mary A Dolansky, Joseph D Redle, Richard Josephson, Shirley M Moore, Joel W Hughes
Patients with heart failure (HF) take many medications to manage their HF and comorbidities, and 20-50% experience depression. Depressed individuals with more complex medication regimens may be at greater risk for poor adherence. The aim of this study was to assess depressive symptoms as a moderator of the relationship between medication regimen complexity and medication adherence in an observational study of patients with HF. In hierarchical linear regression with the final sample of 299, the interaction of medication regimen complexity and depressive symptoms predicted medication adherence, p < ...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188413/high-levels-of-cynical-distrust-partly-predict-premature-mortality-in-middle-aged-to-ageing-men
#4
Kastytis Šmigelskas, Roza Joffė, Jolita Jonynienė, Juhani Julkunen, Jussi Kauhanen
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cynical distrust on mortality in middle-aged and aging men. The analysis is based on Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease study, follow-up from 1984 to 2011. Sample consisted of 2682 men, aged 42-61 years at baseline. Data on mortality was provided by the National Death Registry, causes of death were classified by the National Center of Statistics of Finland. Cynical distrust was measured at baseline using Cynical Distrust Scale. Survival analyses were conducted using Cox regression models...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181003/friendly-tanning-young-adults-engagement-with-friends-around-indoor-tanning
#5
Vivian M Rodríguez, Casey L Daniel, Brooke Foucault Welles, Alan C Geller, Jennifer L Hay
Indoor tanning (IT), particularly during early adulthood, increases risk for melanoma and is exceedingly common among youth. Social influence, including social norms, promotes IT but little is known about young adults' engagement with friends around tanning. We examined IT behaviors and tanning-related communication with friends at three universities. Of 837 participants, 261 (31%) reported ever tanning (90% female, 85% White). Of those, 113 (43%) were former tanners and 148 (57%) current tanners. Current tanners reported more social tanning and discussions with friends about tanning, more frequent outdoor tanning, high propensity to tan, and greater lifetime IT exposure than former tanners...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160229/executive-function-in-weight-loss-and-weight-loss-maintenance-a-conceptual-review-and-novel-neuropsychological-model-of-weight-control
#6
REVIEW
Katelyn M Gettens, Amy A Gorin
Weight loss maintenance is a complex, multifaceted process that presents a significant challenge for most individuals who lose weight. A growing body of literature indicates a strong relationship between cognitive dysfunction and excessive body weight, and suggests that a subset of high-order cognitive processes known as executive functions (EF) likely play an important role in weight management. Recent reviews cover neuropsychological correlates of weight status yet fail to address the role of executive function in the central dilemma of successful weight loss maintenance...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155003/discrimination-and-the-hpa-axis-current-evidence-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
David Busse, Ilona S Yim, Belinda Campos, Christopher K Marshburn
Numerous studies suggest that discrimination is associated with poor physical and mental health outcomes. Whereas the cardiovascular system has been extensively studied as a potential pathway linking discrimination with disease, the role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis remains understudied. We conducted a systematic review of research on discrimination and related constructs as predictors and correlates of HPA axis activity. Twenty seven studies (10 experimental, 17 observational) met inclusion criteria...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155002/the-relationship-between-pain-disability-guilt-and-acceptance-in-low-back-pain-a-mediation-analysis
#8
Danijela Serbic, Tamar Pincus
Pain-related guilt is a common yet unexplored psychological factor in low back pain (LBP). It has recently been linked to greater depression, anxiety and disability in LBP, hence an understanding of how it can be managed in the presence of pain and disability is necessary. Since acceptance of pain has been shown to be associated with improved outcomes in chronic pain, we examined whether it might also help reduce guilt in people with LBP. To this end, a series of mediation analyses were conducted on data from 287 patients with chronic LBP, in which acceptance of pain was tested as a mediator of the relationship between pain/disability and guilt...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155001/change-in-urinary-cortisol-excretion-mediates-the-effect-of-angry-hostile-mood-on-9-month-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-hiv-adults
#9
Roger C McIntosh, Michael Antoni, Adam Carrico, Ron Duran, Barry E Hurwitz, Gail Ironson, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Mahendra Kumar, Neil Schneiderman
Cardiovascular disease is a growing concern in HIV disease management and nearly 1 out of 3 persons living with the virus is hypertensive. Biobehavioral factors such as anger, hostility, and HPA axis reactivity are emperically linked to blood pressure regulation. Whether HPA axis or mood disturbance increases risk for hypertension remains unclear in HIV disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether 9-month change in angry/hostile mood predicts alterations in systolic (SBP) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and whether this change is mediated by 24-h urinary cortisol (CORT) output...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155000/refinement-of-measures-to-assess-psychosocial-constructs-associated-with-skin-cancer-risk-and-protective-behaviors-of-young-adults
#10
C J Heckman, E Handorf, S D Darlow, A L Yaroch, S Raivitch
The study's purpose was to select/refine measures assessing psychosocial constructs associated with skin cancer risk/protective behaviors. Cognitive interviewing was conducted with twenty participants locally, and a survey was conducted with 965 adults aged 18-25 years at moderate to high risk of developing skin cancer, recruited nationally online. Psychosocial measures assessed variables from the Integrative Model of Behavior Prediction. As a result of expert review and cognitive interviewing, items were removed, added, and/or made simpler, more personal, consistent, and less ambiguous...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120228/a-brief-measure-of-reactance-to-health-warnings
#11
Marissa G Hall, Paschal Sheeran, Seth M Noar, Kurt M Ribisl, Marcella H Boynton, Noel T Brewer
Reactance to persuasive messages involves perceived threat to freedom, anger, and counterarguing that may undermine the impact of health warnings. To understand reactance's effects, reliable and valid assessment is critical. We sought to develop and validate a brief Reactance to Health Warnings Scale (RHWS). Two independent samples of US adults completed the brief RHWS in studies that presented warnings on cigarette packs that smokers carried with them for 4 weeks (Study 1; n = 2149) or as digital images of cigarette packs that participants viewed briefly (Study 2; n = 1413)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110468/effects-of-breakfast-eating-and-eating-frequency-on-body-mass-index-and-weight-loss-outcomes-in-adults-enrolled-in-an-obesity-treatment-program
#12
Maureen Megson, Rena Wing, Tricia M Leahey
This study examined the effects of breakfast eating and eating frequency on objectively assessed BMI and weight loss outcomes among adults enrolled in obesity treatment. Participants completed measures of breakfast eating and eating frequency before and after treatment and had their height and weight measured. Baseline breakfast eating and eating frequency were not associated with baseline BMI (p = .34, p = .45, respectively) and did not predict weight loss during treatment (p = .36, p = .58, respectively)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108936/a-group-mediated-physical-activity-intervention-in-older-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-effects-on-social-cognitive-outcomes
#13
Brian C Focht, Matthew J Garver, Alexander R Lucas, Steven T Devor, Charles F Emery, Kevin V Hackshaw, Ciaran M Fairman, Jessica Bowman, W Jack Rejeski
The objective of the present study was to compare a group-mediated cognitive behavioral (GMCB) physical activity intervention with traditional exercise therapy (TRAD) upon select social cognitive outcomes in sedentary knee osteoarthritis (knee OA) patients. A total of 80 patients (mean age = 63.5 years; 84% women) were recruited using clinic and community-based strategies to a 12-month, single-blind, two-arm, randomized controlled trial. Mobility-related self-efficacy, self-regulatory self-efficacy (SRSE), and satisfaction with physical function (SPF) were assessed at baseline, 3, and 12 months...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083824/impact-of-food-craving-and-calorie-intake-on-body-mass-index-bmi-changes-during-an-18-month-behavioral-weight-loss-trial
#14
Joanna Buscemi, Tiffany M Rybak, Kristoffer S Berlin, James G Murphy, Hollie A Raynor
The purpose of this study was to explore relations between food craving, caloric intake, and body mass index (BMI) changes over the course of an 18-month weight loss trial. Two-hundred two obese adults (mean BMI = 34.9 kg/m(2); mean age = 51.30 years, 92.2% White; 57.8% female) who participated in a behavioral weight loss trial completed measures of food craving, caloric intake, and BMI at baseline, 6 and 18 months. From baseline to 6 months, higher initial food cravings were associated with more gradual and less steep reductions in BMI...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078502/engagement-in-health-promoting-behaviors-and-patient-caregiver-interdependence-in-dyads-facing-advanced-cancer-an-exploratory-study
#15
Katrina R Ellis, Mary R Janevic, Trace Kershaw, Cleopatra H Caldwell, Nancy K Janz, Laurel Northouse
Diet and exercise are important for the wellbeing of people with cancer and their family caregivers. Unfortunately, little is known about their behaviors over time or factors that may influence their engagement in these behaviors. This exploratory study examined the influence of chronic conditions, symptom distress, and perceived social support on exercise and diet behaviors of patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers using the actor-partner interdependence mediation model (APIMeM) and interdependence theory as guiding frameworks...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058516/applying-and-advancing-behavior-change-theories-and-techniques-in-the-context-of-a-digital-health-revolution-proposals-for-more-effectively-realizing-untapped-potential
#16
Arlen C Moller, Gina Merchant, David E Conroy, Robert West, Eric Hekler, Kari C Kugler, Susan Michie
As more behavioral health interventions move from traditional to digital platforms, the application of evidence-based theories and techniques may be doubly advantageous. First, it can expedite digital health intervention development, improving efficacy, and increasing reach. Second, moving behavioral health interventions to digital platforms presents researchers with novel (potentially paradigm shifting) opportunities for advancing theories and techniques. In particular, the potential for technology to revolutionize theory refinement is made possible by leveraging the proliferation of "real-time" objective measurement and "big data" commonly generated and stored by digital platforms...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028656/motivating-future-directions-of-behavioral-medicine
#17
EDITORIAL
Claudio R Nigg, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, E Amy Janke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004335/self-determination-theory-and-weight-loss-in-a-diabetes-prevention-program-translation-trial
#18
Paula M Trief, Donald Cibula, Linda M Delahanty, Ruth S Weinstock
We examined self-determination theory (SDT) and weight loss, and hypothesized that the Diabetes Prevention Program's (DPP) intervention would result in an increase in autonomous regulation of motivation (AR) in participants. Further, that those with higher AR, and those who perceived educators as supporting SDT-defined needs, would lose more weight. Support, Health Information, Nutrition and Exercise (SHINE) Study data (N = 257) were analyzed. SHINE was a randomized, controlled DPP translation trial (2-years, telephonic, primary care staff)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995366/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-condom-barriers-and-motivations-scale-cbms
#19
Sarit A Golub, Kristi E Gamarel
The Condom Barriers and Motivations Scale (CBMS) was developed to measure four distinct categories of barriers and motives to condom use, including: risk reduction motivations, pleasure reduction barriers, intimacy interference barriers, and partner pressure barriers. The CBMS is a 16-item scale with four items that correspond to each of these subscales. The CBMS was tested in two samples of gay and bisexual men. Results support the reliability and validity of the scale and its structure. Results also indicate that CBMS subscales are distinct from general measures of sexual wellbeing, personality factors, or relationship quality (i...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904976/hiv-related-shame-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-hiv-positive-adults
#20
Wilson Vincent, Xindi Fang, Sarah K Calabrese, Timothy G Heckman, Kathleen J Sikkema, Nathan B Hansen
This study investigated how HIV-related shame is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older people living with HIV (PLHIV). Structural equation modeling tested whether HIV-related shame was associated with three dimensions of HRQoL (physical, emotional, and social well-being) and whether there were significant indirect associations of HIV-related shame with the three HRQoL dimensions via depression and loneliness in a sample of 299 PLHIV ≥50 years old. Results showed that depression and loneliness were key mechanisms, with depression at least partially accounting for the association between HIV-related shame and both emotional and physical well-being, respectively, and loneliness accounting for the association between HIV-related shame and social well-being...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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