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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918547/adaptive-step-goals-and-rewards-a-longitudinal-growth-model-of-daily-steps-for-a-smartphone-based-walking-intervention
#1
Elizabeth V Korinek, Sayali S Phatak, Cesar A Martin, Mohammad T Freigoun, Daniel E Rivera, Marc A Adams, Pedja Klasnja, Matthew P Buman, Eric B Hekler
Adaptive interventions are an emerging class of behavioral interventions that allow for individualized tailoring of intervention components over time to a person's evolving needs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an adaptive step goal + reward intervention, grounded in Social Cognitive Theory delivered via a smartphone application (Just Walk), using a mixed modeling approach. Participants (N = 20) were overweight (mean BMI = 33.8 ± 6.82 kg/m(2)), sedentary adults (90% female) interested in participating in a 14-week walking intervention...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918521/relation-of-parent-knowledge-to-glycemic-control-among-emerging-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-mediational-model
#2
Vicki S Helgeson, Abigail Kunz Vaughn, Howard Seltman, Trevor Orchard, Dorothy Becker, Ingrid Libman
The study goal was to examine the links of parent knowledge of children's behavior to diabetes outcomes and to test a mediational model that focused on psychological distress and self-care behavior. We recruited 132 adolescents (average age 12) and followed them to average age 23. At age 23 (n = 107), we conducted in-person interviews with these emerging adults to measure parent knowledge, psychological distress, self-care behavior and glycemic control. We used structural equation modeling to test our hypotheses with these cross-sectional data...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918456/testing-a-mobile-mindful-eating-intervention-targeting-craving-related-eating-feasibility-and-proof-of-concept
#3
Ashley E Mason, Kinnari Jhaveri, Michael Cohn, Judson A Brewer
Theoretically driven smartphone-delivered behavioral interventions that target mechanisms underlying eating behavior are lacking. In this study, we administered a 28-day self-paced smartphone-delivered intervention rooted in an operant conditioning theoretical framework that targets craving-related eating using mindful eating practices. At pre-intervention and 1-month post-intervention, we assessed food cravings among adult overweight or obese women (N = 104; M age = 46.2 ± 14.1 years; M BMI = 31...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905204/racial-vs-self-affirmation-as-a-protective-mechanism-against-the-effects-of-racial-exclusion-on-negative-affect-and-substance-use-vulnerability-among-black-young-adults
#4
Michelle L Stock, Frederick X Gibbons, Janine B Beekman, Kipling D Williams, Laura S Richman, Meg Gerrard
Affirming one's racial identity may help protect against the harmful effects of racial exclusion on substance use cognitions. This study examined whether racial versus self-affirmation (vs. no affirmation) buffers against the effects of racial exclusion on substance use willingness and substance use word associations in Black young adults. It also examined anger as a potential mediator of these effects. After being included, or racially excluded by White peers, participants were assigned to a writing task: self-affirmation, racial-affirmation, or describing their sleep routine (neutral)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895016/the-association-between-previous-success-with-weight-loss-through-dietary-change-and-success-in-a-lifestyle-modification-program
#5
Stephanie G Kerrigan, Margaret Clark, Alexandra Convertino, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn
Prior work has yielded mixed results regarding the association between previous weight loss and success in a current weight loss attempt. The present study evaluated differences in baseline psychosocial processes, changes in these over time, and weight loss during a yearlong behavioral weight loss program between individuals who have and have not previously been successful losing weight through self-regulating dietary intake. Individuals with prior success had greater weight losses over time than those without...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884258/do-implicit-attitudes-toward-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-prospectively-predict-objective-physical-activity-among-persons-with-obesity
#6
Guillaume Chevance, Johan Caudroit, Thomas Henry, Philippe Guerin, Julie Boiché, Nelly Héraud
This study conducted among adults with obesity examined the associations between implicit attitudes toward physical activity and sedentary behavior, and physical activity behavior measured 4 months later. At baseline, 76 participants (M AGE = 56; M BMI = 39.1) completed a questionnaire assessing intentions toward physical activity and sedentary behavior and two computerized Single-Category Implicit Association Tests assessing implicit attitudes toward these two behaviors. At follow-up, physical activity was measured with accelerometers...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884245/life-satisfaction-and-inflammation-in-couples-an-actor-partner-analysis
#7
Bert N Uchino, Robert G Kent de Grey, Sierra Cronan, Timothy W Smith, Ed Diener, Samantha Joel, Jos Bosch
Life satisfaction has been linked to lower cardiovascular disease mortality. However, much less is known about the biological mechanisms linking life satisfaction to physical health. In addition, the dyadic context of life satisfaction has not been considered despite increasing evidence that partners influence each other in health-relevant ways. These questions were addressed with 94 married couples who completed measures of life satisfaction and had their blood drawn for determination of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815351/an-integrated-model-of-skin-cancer-risk-in-sexual-minority-males
#8
Aaron J Blashill, Benjamin M Rooney, Kristen J Wells
Sexual minority males are an at-risk group for developing skin cancer. Elevated rates of skin cancer among this population are thought to be driven by excess indoor tanning; however, motivations to indoor tan among this population are unknown. Theoretically, appearance-based and affect regulation motives may be proximal predictors of increased indoor tanning in this population. The current study tests an integrated biopsychosocial model of indoor tanning behaviors and future intentions among a sample of sexual minority males...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776192/role-of-religious-social-support-in-longitudinal-relationships-between-religiosity-and-health-related-outcomes-in-african-americans
#9
Cheryl L Holt, David L Roth, Jin Huang, Eddie M Clark
This study tested a longitudinal model of religious social support as a potential mediator of the relationship between religious beliefs and behaviors, and multiple health-related outcomes (e.g., depressive symptoms, functioning, diet, alcohol use, cancer screening). A national probability sample of African Americans enrolled in the religion and health in African Americans study completed three waves of telephone interviews over a 5-year period (N = 766). Longitudinal structural equation models indicated that religious behaviors, but not beliefs, predicted the slowing of a modest overall decline in positive religious social support, while negative interactions with congregational members were stable...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766183/guided-imagery-targeting-exercise-food-cravings-and-stress-a-multi-modal-randomized-feasibility-trial
#10
Peter Giacobbi, Dustin Long, Richard Nolan, Samantha Shawley, Kelsey Johnson, Ranjita Misra
The purpose of this randomized wait-list controlled trial was to test the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a guided imagery based multi-behavior intervention intended to address psychological stress, food cravings, and physical activity. Personalized guided imagery scripts were created and participants were instructed to practice guided imagery every day for 35 consecutive days. Of 48 women who enrolled, we report comparisons between 16 randomized to treatment with 19 who were wait-listed (overall Mage = 45...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752331/the-association-of-neighborhood-context-with-health-outcomes-among-ethnic-minority-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Chenkai Wu, Kimlin Tam Ashing, Veronica C Jones, Lisa Barcelo
While individual-level determinants of health, such as education and income, have been well documented among breast cancer survivors, little is known about the role of neighborhood context on survivorship outcomes among this population. The present study examined the association of neighborhood stress with multiple health outcomes among ethnic minority breast cancer survivors (BCS). A mixed-methods approach was used to recruit 320 African-American and Hispanic BCS who were 26-89 years and lived in metropolitan Los Angeles, CA...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718078/relationship-between-daily-pain-and-affect-in-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-lower-optimism-as-a-vulnerability-factor
#12
Zuzanna Kwissa-Gajewska, Ewa Gruszczyńska
The aim of the study was to examine the moderating effect of optimism on the relationship between daily pain-daily affect. Fifty-four female patients with rheumatoid arthritis completed self-report measures of optimism (once), daily pain and daily positive and negative affect for 7 consecutive days during hospitalization. Results of multilevel random coefficients modeling demonstrated a significant cross-level interaction for daily negative affect only. Simple slopes analysis revealed that low optimism was related to a stronger positive relationship between daily pain and daily negative affect, whereas this effect was insignificant for higher optimism...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712010/the-interaction-between-individualism-and-wellbeing-in-predicting-mortality-survey-of-health-ageing-and-retirement-in-europe
#13
Judith A Okely, Alexander Weiss, Catharine R Gale
The link between greater wellbeing and longevity is well documented. The aim of the current study was to test whether this association is consistent across individualistic and collectivistic cultures. The sample consisted of 13,596 participants from 11 European countries, each of which was assigned an individualism score according to Hofstede et al.'s (Cultures and organizations: software of the mind, McGraw Hill, New York, 2010) cultural dimension of individualism. We tested whether individualism moderated the cross-sectional association between wellbeing and self-rated health or the longitudinal association between wellbeing and mortality risk...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710565/somatic-symptom-severity-among-primary-care-patients-who-are-obese-examining-the-unique-contributions-of-anxiety-sensitivity-discomfort-intolerance-and-health-anxiety
#14
Thomas A Fergus, Christine A Limbers, Jackson O Griggs, Lance P Kelley
Prior research indicates the common presentation of somatic symptoms and obesity in primary care settings, as well as links between obesity and somatic symptoms. Anxiety sensitivity, discomfort intolerance, and health anxiety are three variables relevant to somatic symptoms. How those three variables relate to somatic symptom severity among individuals who are obese and the unique variance accounted for by each variable in somatic symptom severity remains unexamined. Among a large sample of primary care patients who are obese (N = 342), anxiety sensitivity, discomfort intolerance, and health anxiety collectively accounted for 35% of variance in somatic symptom severity beyond the effects of sociodemographic variables, body mass index, medical morbidity, and depression severity...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710564/psychological-generators-of-stress-headaches
#15
Juanita Kay Miller Berry, Peter D Drummond
Psychological stress triggers headaches, but how this happens is unclear. To explore this, 38 migraine sufferers, 28 with tension-type headache (T-TH) and 20 controls rated nausea, negative affect, task-expectancies and headache at 5-min intervals during an aversive 20-min mental arithmetic task with a fixed failure rate. Blood pressure and pulse rate were measured every 3 min and salivary cortisol was sampled before and after the task. Multiple regression analysis indicated that irritation, anxiety and the absence of sluggishness (i...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689248/daily-self-weighing-and-weight-gain-prevention-a-longitudinal-study-of-college-aged-women
#16
Diane L Rosenbaum, Hallie M Espel, Meghan L Butryn, Fengqing Zhang, Michael R Lowe
Daily self-weighing has been suggested as an important factor for weight loss maintenance among samples with obesity. This study is a secondary analysis that examined daily self-weighing in association with weight and body composition outcomes over 2 years among young women with vulnerability for weight gain. Women (N = 294) of varying weight status completed self-weighing frequency questionnaires and weight was measured in the clinic at baseline, 6 months, 1, and 2 years; DXA scans were completed at baseline, 6 months and 2 years...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612097/a-response-from-morgan-byron-baig-stepanov-and-brewer
#17
LETTER
Jennifer C Morgan, M Justin Byron, Sabeeh A Baig, Irina Stepanov, Noel T Brewer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577197/health-promotion-in-the-poly-tobacco-market
#18
LETTER
Mohammed Jawad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378107/temporal-daily-associations-among-sleep-and-pain-in-treatment-seeking-youth-with-acute-musculoskeletal-pain
#19
Amy Lewandowski Holley, Jennifer Rabbitts, Chuan Zhou, Lindsay Durkin, Tonya M Palermo
Sleep is an important health risk factor. In the context of pediatric chronic pain, sleep is often impaired and temporal daily associations link sleep deficiency to subsequent increased pain. It is unknown whether similar temporal relationships exist for youth with acute pain. Thus, we characterized sleep in youth with acute musculoskeletal (MSK) pain to examine daily sleep-pain associations. Participants were 67 youth (10-17 years) with acute MSK pain (<1 month duration). Youth underwent eight nights of actigraphic sleep monitoring and completed twice daily pain diaries...
August 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285411/expectations-affect-psychological-and-neurophysiological-benefits-even-after-a-single-bout-of-exercise-on-the-importance-of-considering-induced-negative-expectations
#20
LETTER
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