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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

M Bryant Howren, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
The current issue is devoted broadly to research on treatment adherence and chronic illness self-management behavior. As the prevalence of chronic illness increases, the pervasive problem of treatment nonadherence is increasingly viewed as having a major impact on treatment outcomes, public health and healthcare costs, making this issue particularly timely. Sixteen articles spanning an array of topics are presented; articles include empirical studies, statistical simulations, systematic reviews, and theoretical commentaries...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Yue Liao, Chih-Ping Chou, Jimi Huh, Adam Leventhal, Genevieve Dunton
Current knowledge about the relationship of physical activity with acute affective and physical feeling states is informed largely by lab-based studies, which have limited generalizability to the natural ecology. This study used ecological momentary assessment to assess subjective affective and physical feeling states in free-living settings across 4 days from 110 non-physically active adults (Age M = 40.4, SD = 9.7). Light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were measured objectively by an accelerometer...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
L Alison Phillips, Howard Leventhal, Edith A Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jeffrey P Haibach, Michael Ann Haibach, Katherine S Hall, Robin M Masheb, Melissa A Little, Robyn L Shepardson, Anne C Dobmeyer, Jennifer S Funderburk, Christopher L Hunter, Margaret Dundon, Leslie R M Hausmann, Stephen K Trynosky, David E Goodrich, Amy M Kilbourne, Sara J Knight, Gerald W Talcott, Michael Goldstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Sheri J Hartman, Shira I Dunsiger, Beth C Bock, Britta A Larsen, Sarah Linke, Dori Pekmezi, Becky Marquez, Kim M Gans, Andrea S Mendoza-Vasconez, Bess H Marcus
Spanish-speaking Latinas have some of the lowest rates of meeting physical activity guidelines in the U.S. and are at high risk for many related chronic diseases. The purpose of the current study was to examine the maintenance of a culturally and individually-tailored Internet-based physical activity intervention for Spanish-speaking Latinas. Inactive Latinas (N  =  205) were randomly assigned to a 6-month Tailored Physical Activity Internet Intervention or a Wellness Contact Control Internet Group, with a 6-month follow-up...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Frank Doyle, Barbara Mullan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Barbara Stetson, Karl E Minges, Caroline R Richardson
Accelerating diabetes rates have resulted in a global public health epidemic. Lifestyle change is a cornerstone of care, yet regimen demands may result in adherence difficulties. Distress, depression, and other psychosocial concerns are higher in those with diabetes. While interventions, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program appear to be effective, further research is needed to support the translation of interventions to prevent diabetes. Studies assessing optimal approaches to promoting effective decision making, coping and adherence are needed...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Melanie P J Schellekens, Rie Tamagawa, Laura E Labelle, Michael Speca, Joanne Stephen, Elaine Drysdale, Sarah Sample, Barbara Pickering, Dale Dirkse, Linette Lawlor Savage, Linda E Carlson
Despite growing evidence in support of mindfulness as an underlying mechanism of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), it has been suggested that nonspecific therapeutic factors, such as the experience of social support, may contribute to the positive effects of MBIs. In the present study, we examined whether change in mindfulness and/or social support mediated the effect of Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery (MBCR) compared to another active intervention (i.e. Supportive Expressive Group Therapy (SET)), on change in mood disturbance, stress symptoms and quality of life...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Beth A Lewis, Melissa A Napolitano, Matthew P Buman, David M Williams, Claudio R Nigg
Despite the increased health risks of a sedentary lifestyle, only 49 % of American adults participate in physical activity (PA) at the recommended levels. In an effort to move the PA field forward, we briefly review three emerging areas of PA intervention research. First, new intervention research has focused on not only increasing PA but also on decreasing sedentary behavior. Researchers should utilize randomized controlled trials, common terminology, investigate which behaviors should replace sedentary behaviors, evaluate long-term outcomes, and focus across the lifespan...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jared R Anderson, Joshua R Novak, Matthew D Johnson, Sharon L Deitz, Ann Walker, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L Lewis, David C Robbins
Using dyadic data from 117 married couples in which one partner was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, the purpose of this study was to determine whether a number of specific patient and spouse stressors (chronic life stress, diabetes-specific stress, and physical health stress in the form of the number of comorbidities) were associated with Type 2 diabetes patients' dietary and exercise adherence through two potentially modifiable patient and spouse factors-depression symptoms and diabetes self-efficacy. We found that patient and spouse stressors, particularly patient and spouse diabetes stress and the number of patient comorbidities, were related to patient dietary and exercise adherence through patient depression symptoms and both patient and spouse diabetes self-efficacy...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Mark E Vogel, Kathryn E Kanzler, James E Aikens, Jeffrey L Goodie
Integrated behavioral health in primary care has spread rapidly over the past three decades, although significant questions remain unanswered regarding best practices in clinical, financial and operational worlds. Two key models have emerged over time: care management and Primary Care Behavioral Health. Research to date has been promising; however, there is a significant need for more sophisticated multi-level scientific methodologies to fill in the gaps in current knowledge of integrated primary care. In this paper, we summarize current scientific knowledge about integrated primary care and critically evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of this knowledge base, focusing on clinical, financial and operational factors...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jeffrey P Haibach, Michael Ann Haibach, Katherine S Hall, Robin M Masheb, Melissa A Little, Robyn L Shepardson, Anne C Dobmeyer, Jennifer S Funderburk, Christopher L Hunter, Margaret Dundon, Leslie R M Hausmann, Stephen K Trynosky, David E Goodrich, Amy M Kilbourne, Sara J Knight, Gerald W Talcott, Michael G Goldstein
There are 2.1 million current military servicemembers and 21 million living veterans in the United States. Although they were healthier upon entering military service compared to the general U.S. population, in the longer term veterans tend to be of equivalent or worse health than civilians. One primary explanation for the veterans' health disparity is poorer health behaviors during or after military service, especially areas of physical activity, nutrition, tobacco, and alcohol. In response, the Department of Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs continue to develop, evaluate, and improve health promotion programs and healthcare services for military and veteran health behavior in an integrated approach...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Sabeeh A Baig, M Justin Byron, Marcella H Boynton, Noel T Brewer, Kurt M Ribisl
Federal law now requires FDA to disseminate information on chemicals in cigarette smoke, but it is unclear how best to do so. In a 2 × 2 between-subjects experiment, participants received a message about chemicals in cigarette smoke (e.g., "Cigarette smoke has benzene.") along with an additional randomly assigned messaging strategy: a "found-in" (e.g., "This is found in gasoline."), a health effect (e.g., "This causes heart disease."), both, or neither. Participants were U.S. probability phone samples of 5000 adults and 1123 adolescents, and an online convenience sample of 4130 adults...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Michelle L Stock, Laurel M Peterson, Brianne K Molloy, Sharon F Lambert
Racial discrimination is associated with alcohol use and risky sex cognitions and behaviors, which are risk factors for negative health outcomes, including human immunodeficiency virus infection. The current study investigated the causal impact of racial discrimination on alcohol and sexual-risk cognitions while exploring potential mediators that might help explain this relation: negative affect, perceived control, and meaningful existence. We also examined if past discrimination impacts the strength of (moderates) these effects...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Bernard F Fuemmeler, Pamela Behrman, Maija Taylor, Rebeccah Sokol, Emily Rothman, Lisette T Jacobson, Danielle Wischenka, Kenneth P Tercyak
To maintain positive health outcomes over the life course, prevention efforts should begin early in childhood. Two research domains that significantly impact the trajectory of health over the life course are childhood obesity and early trauma and violence. Prevention strategies addressing multiple levels of influence are being adopted in these fields. Childhood obesity prevention efforts no longer focus solely on individuals, but embrace multiple ecological levels, such as family, school, and community. Similarly, research on early trauma and violence has broadened to consider risk and protective factors across domains of influence...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Joshua M Smyth, Matthew J Zawadzki, Vanessa Juth, Christopher N Sciamanna
Global life satisfaction has been linked with long-term health advantages, yet how life satisfaction impacts the trajectory of long-term health is unclear. This paper examines one such possible mechanism-that greater life satisfaction confers momentary benefits in daily life that accumulate over time. A community sample of working adults (n = 115) completed a measure of life satisfaction and then three subsequent days of ecological momentary assessment surveys (6 times/day) measuring affect (i.e., emotional valence, arousal), and perceived stress, and also provided salivary cortisol samples...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Bert N Uchino, Matthew Cribbet, Robert G Kent de Grey, Sierra Cronan, Ryan Trettevik, Timothy W Smith
Dispositional optimism has been related to beneficial influences on physical health outcomes. However, its links to global sleep quality and the psychological mediators responsible for such associations are less studied. This study thus examined if trait optimism predicted global sleep quality, and if measures of subjective well-being were statistical mediators of such links. A community sample of 175 participants (93 men, 82 women) completed measures of trait optimism, depression, and life satisfaction. Global sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
J Fanning, G Porter, E A Awick, D K Ehlers, S A Roberts, G Cooke, A Z Burzynska, M W Voss, A F Kramer, E McAuley
Recent attention has highlighted the importance of reducing sedentary time for maintaining health and quality of life. However, it is unclear how changing sedentary behavior may influence executive functions and self-regulatory strategy use, which are vital for the long-term maintenance of a health behavior regimen. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine the estimated self-regulatory and executive functioning effects of substituting 30 min of sedentary behavior with 30 min of light activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), or sleep in a sample of older adults...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Inês Santos, Paulo N Vieira, Marlene N Silva, Luís B Sardinha, Pedro J Teixeira
To describe key behaviors reported by participants in the Portuguese Weight Control Registry and to determine associations between these behaviors and weight loss maintenance. A total of 388 adults participated in this cross-sectional study. Assessments included demographic information, weight history, weight loss and weight maintenance strategies, dietary intake, and physical activity. Participants lost on average 18 kg, which they had maintained for ~28 months. Their average dietary intake was 2199 kcal/day, with 33 % of energy coming from fat...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Silvia Tejeda, Rani I Gallardo, Carol Estwing Ferrans, Garth H Rauscher
Cultural beliefs about breast cancer may act as a barrier to Latina women seeking preventive services or timely follow-up for breast symptoms regardless of access. This study examines the association between factors and breast cancer cultural beliefs and the extent to which cultural beliefs are associated with delays in breast cancer care. Participants who were Latina, ages 30-79, and had been diagnosed with a primary breast cancer were examined (n = 181). Interviews included a 15-item cultural beliefs scale spanning beliefs inconsistent with motivation to seek timely healthcare...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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