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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270888/pathways-linking-racial-ethnic-discrimination-and-sleep-among-u-s-born-and-foreign-born-latinxs
#1
Luz M Garcini, Diana A Chirinos, Kyle W Murdock, Annina Seiler, Angie S LeRoy, Kristen Peek, Malcom P Cutchin, Christopher Fagundes
This study examined the association between racial/ethnic discrimination and sleep through psychological distress and body mass index (BMI), and determined whether the aforementioned associations vary between U.S. and foreign-born Latinxs. Participants were 1332 Latinx adults enrolled in the Texas City Stress and Health Study. Multistage sampling methods were used to select participants. A model linking racial/ethnic discrimination with sleep disturbances through direct and indirect (i.e., psychological distress and BMI) paths demonstrated good fit...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270887/episodic-future-thinking-reduces-delay-discounting-and-cigarette-demand-an-investigation-of-the-good-subject-effect
#2
Jeffrey S Stein, Allison N Tegge, Jamie K Turner, Warren K Bickel
Episodic future thinking (EFT), an intervention involving mental simulation of future events, has been shown to reduce both delay discounting and cigarette self-administration. In the present study, we extended these findings by showing that EFT in a web-based sample of smokers reduces delay discounting and intensity of demand for cigarettes (ad libitum consumption) in a hypothetical purchase task. No effect was observed on elasticity of demand (sensitivity to price) or cigarette craving. We also explored whether demand characteristics (specifically, the "good-subject" effect) might be responsible for observed effects...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230616/elevated-inflammation-in-association-with-alcohol-abuse-among-blacks-but-not-whites-results-from-the-midus-biomarker-study
#3
Yusuf Ransome, Natalie Slopen, Oskar Karlsson, David R Williams
Some studies document racial disparities in self-reported health associated with alcohol use and abuse. However, few studies examined biomarkers that underlie the onset of alcohol-related chronic diseases. We investigated whether the association between alcohol abuse and five biomarkers of inflammation (CRP, IL-6, fibrinogen, E-selectin, sICAM-1) vary between Black and White Americans aged 35 to 84 (n = 1173) from the Midlife in the United States Biomarker Study. Multivariable Ordinary Least Squares regressions were used to assess Black-White differences in the association between alcohol abuse and the biomarkers...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204908/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-acute-cardiac-events-and-aversive-cognitions-towards-cardiovascular-medications
#4
S Ali Husain, Donald Edmondson, Marin Kautz, Redeana Umland, Ian M Kronish
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after acute medical events is associated with medication nonadherence. The mechanisms of PTSD-related nonadherence are poorly understood. We tested whether patients with elevated PTSD symptoms induced by suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were more likely to have aversive cognitions towards cardiovascular medications. We enrolled a consecutive cohort of patients who presented to the emergency department with suspected ACS. One month after discharge, ACS-induced PTSD symptoms were assessed using the PTSD Checklist (PCL-S), and patients were asked "how often did" (1) "you miss your heart medication because you did not want to be reminded about your heart problem"; (2) "thinking about your heart medication make you feel nervous or anxious"; and (3) "thinking about your heart medication make you think about your risk for future heart problems...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188468/the-role-of-perceived-threat-during-emergency-department-cardiac-evaluation-and-the-age-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-link
#5
Laura Meli, Marin Kautz, Jacob Julian, Donald Edmondson, Jennifer A Sumner
Evaluation for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can trigger posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS). Research suggests that younger, versus older, individuals may be at elevated risk for PSS after ACS evaluation. It has been proposed that younger individuals may be at greater risk because they perceive the suspected ACS event as more threatening than their older counterparts; however, this has yet to be tested. We examined whether perceived threat during ACS evaluation mediated the association between age and PSS after ACS evaluation in an observational cohort study of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with suspected ACS...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168052/change-in-health-related-quality-of-life-and-social-cognitive-outcomes-in-obese-older-adults-in-a-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-trial-does-physical-activity-behavior-matter
#6
Jason Fanning, Michael P Walkup, Walter T Ambrosius, Lawrence R Brawley, Edward H Ip, Anthony P Marsh, W Jack Rejeski
This article compared the effect of dietary weight loss administered alone (WL) or in combination with aerobic training (WL + AT) or resistance training (WL + RT) on health related quality of life, walking self-efficacy, stair climb self-efficacy, and satisfaction with physical function in older adults with cardiovascular disease or the metabolic syndrome. Participants (N = 249; M age = 66.9) engaged in baseline assessments and were randomly assigned to one of three interventions, each including a 6-month intensive phase and a 12-month follow-up...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159589/the-effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-wound-healing-a-preliminary-study
#7
Astrid Meesters, Yvo M C In den Bosch-Meevissen, Chantal A H Weijzen, Wim A Buurman, Mario Losen, Jan Schepers, Monique R T M Thissen, Hugo J E M Alberts, Casper G Schalkwijk, Madelon L Peters
Psychological factors have been shown to influence the process of wound healing. This study examined the effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on the speed of wound healing. The local production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and growth factors was studied as potential underlying mechanism. Forty-nine adults were randomly allocated to a waiting-list control group (n = 26) or an 8-week MBSR group (n = 23). Pre- and post-intervention/waiting period assessment for both groups consisted of questionnaires...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143218/reactions-to-online-colorectal-cancer-risk-estimates-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adults-who-have-never-been-screened
#8
Isaac M Lipkus, Constance M Johnson, Sathya Amarasekara, Wei Pan, John A Updegraff
Data on the public's reactions to online tailored colorectal cancer (CRC) risk estimates are sparse. We assessed among 560 men and women aged 50-75 with no CRC screening history reactions to online tailored CRC estimated comparative risk (i.e., self vs. other their age and sex). Assessed were reactions to estimate (i.e., repeating back estimate, match between perceived comparative risk and estimate, accuracy and usefulness of estimate, emotional reactions), risk appraisals and screening intentions. 73% of the sample accurately repeated back their estimate; the match between perceived comparative risk and the estimate was lowest among those informed of being at higher risk...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124557/baseline-predictors-of-dmt-reinitiation-among-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-following-an-mi-cbt-intervention
#9
Joanie Thelen, Amanda Bruce, Delwyn Catley, Sharon Lynch, Kathy Goggin, Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Morgan Glusman, Abigail Norouzinia, Lauren Strober, Jared Bruce
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are often nonadherent to their disease modifying therapy (DMT). While recent studies demonstrate enhanced DMT adherence following intervention grounded in motivational interviewing (MI), little is known about how to address DMT reinitiation among MS patients who have prematurely discontinued DMT against medical advice and do not intend to reinitiate. We examined baseline predictors of DMT reinitiation among patients with MS who discontinued medications against medical advice following a telephone-based MI and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MI-CBT) intervention...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116569/age-differences-in-physical-activity-intentions-and-implementation-intention-preferences
#10
Stephanie J Alley, Stephanie Schoeppe, Amanda L Rebar, Melanie Hayman, Corneel Vandelanotte
This study aimed to examine older adults' physical activity intentions and preferred implementation intentions, and how intentions and preferred implementation intentions differ between older, middle aged and younger adults. A cross-sectional Australian wide telephone survey of 1217 respondents was conducted in 2016. Multiple and ordinal regression analyses were conducted to compare intentions and preferred implementation intentions between older (65 +), middle aged (45-64) and younger adults (< 45). A higher percentage of older adults had no intentions to engage in regular physical activity within the next 6 months (60%) compared to younger adults (25%)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116568/microaggressions-diabetes-distress-and-self-care-behaviors-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Kelley J Sittner, Brenna L Greenfield, Melissa L Walls
American Indian/Alaska Native people experience the highest age-adjusted prevalence of type 2 diabetes of any racial group in the United States, as well as high rates of related health problems. Chronic stressors such as perceived discrimination are important contributors to these persistent health disparities. The current study used structural equation modeling to examine the relationships between racial microaggressions, diabetes distress, and self-care behaviors (diet and exercise) in a sample of 192 American Indians with type 2 diabetes from the northern United States...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080115/-memory-bias-for-recall-of-experiences-during-initial-weight-loss-is-affected-by-subsequent-weight-loss-outcome
#12
Kathryn M Ross, Rena R Wing
Research has suggested that memories of mood, emotions, and behaviors are not purely unbiased retrieval, but more similar to reconstructions based on current opinions, positive or negative experiences associated with the memory, and how a person believes they would have felt, thought, or acted. We investigated this memory bias in 66 adult participants with overweight/obesity who rated their mood, emotions, and behaviors during a 12-week, Internet-based behavioral weight loss program and later recalled these ratings at Month 3 (immediate post-test) and Month 12 (follow-up)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071653/demographic-clinical-dispositional-and-social-environmental-characteristics-associated-with-psychological-response-to-a-false-positive-ovarian-cancer-screening-test-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Amanda T Wiggins, Edward J Pavlik, Michael A Andrykowski
Cancer screening can facilitate early detection that improves survival, but also can identify an abnormal finding that is not malignant and deemed benign. While such false positive (FP) results can impact a variety of psychological outcomes, little is known about demographic, clinical, dispositional, and social-environmental characteristics associated with psychological outcomes after a FP result. Women participating in an ovarian cancer (OC) screening program and experiencing a FP screening test result (n = 375) completed assessments at baseline and 4-months...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646268/the-role-of-perceived-sleep-norms-in-subjective-sleep-appraisals-and-sleep-related-illness-behavior
#14
Mazheruddin M Mulla, Jerome A Lewis, James C Hamilton, Joshua Tutek, Sarah E Emert, Tricia H Witte, Kenneth L Lichstein
The present investigation sought to extend extant research on subjective sleep complaints by examining their relation to perceived sleep norms. Results from two studies showed that individuals' distress and illness behavior in response to symptoms of fatigue and non-restorative sleep was influenced by their perceptions of peer norms for those symptoms. Individuals who believed they experienced a greater degree of fatigue and non-restorative sleep than their peers reported more distress arising from those symptoms, and were also more likely to seek social support and medical treatment for them...
December 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639107/depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-biological-mechanistic-pathways
#15
Diana A Chirinos, Indira Gurubhagavatula, Preston Broderick, Julio A Chirinos, Karen Teff, Thomas Wadden, Greg Maislin, Hassam Saif, Jesse Chittams, Caitlin Cassidy, Alexandra L Hanlon, Allan I Pack
This study examined the association between depressive symptoms, as well as depressive symptom dimensions, and three candidate biological pathways linking them to Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): (1) inflammation; (2) circulating leptin; and (3) intermittent hypoxemia. Participants included 181 obese adults with moderate-to-severe OSA enrolled in the Cardiovascular Consequences of Sleep Apnea (COSA) trial. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). We assessed inflammation using C-reactive protein levels (CRP), circulating leptin by radioimmunoassay using a double antibody/PEG assay, and intermittent hypoxemia by the percentage of sleep time each patient had below 90% oxyhemoglobin saturation...
December 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639106/time-to-selected-quit-date-and-subsequent-rates-of-sustained-smoking-abstinence
#16
George L Anesi, Scott D Halpern, Michael O Harhay, Kevin G Volpp, Kathryn Saulsgiver
In efforts to combat tobacco dependence, most smoking cessation programs offer individuals who smoke the choice of a target quit date. However, it is uncertain whether the time to the selected quit date is associated with participants' chances of achieving sustained abstinence. In a pre-specified secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial of four financial-incentive programs or usual care to encourage smoking cessation (Halpern et al. in N Engl J Med 372(22):2108-2117, doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1414293 , 2015), study participants were instructed to select a quit date between 0 and 90 days from enrollment...
December 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631102/experiencing-is-believing-prior-experience-moderates-the-impact-of-self-based-and-socially-based-cues-in-the-context-of-blood-donation
#17
Lindsay Roberts, Jason P Rose, Erin A Vogel
Two studies explored how self-based cues (i.e., self-efficacy), socially-based cues (i.e., perceived social norms), and prior blood donation experience differentially influence behavioral intentions. In Study 1, undergraduate students (N = 766) completed an online study that evaluated prior experiences, self-efficacy, perceived norms, and behavioral intentions in the context of blood donation. In Study 2, a community sample (N = 199) from a clinic waiting room completed similar measures. Across both studies, having high self-efficacy was a necessary and sufficient antecedent to high intentions, regardless of norm perception for donors...
December 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631101/stationary-cycling-exergame-use-among-inactive-children-in-the-family-home-a-randomized-trial
#18
Ryan E Rhodes, Chris M Blanchard, Shannon S D Bredin, Mark R Beauchamp, Ralph Maddison, Darren E R Warburton
Exergames may be one way to increase child physical activity, but long term adherence has seen little research attention. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the usage of an exergame bike in comparison to a stationary bike in front of a TV across 3-months within a family home environment among children aged 10-14 years old. Seventy-three inactive children were recruited through advertisements and randomized to either the exergame condition (n = 39) or the standard bike condition (n = 34)...
December 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593427/drinking-and-exercise-behaviors-among-college-students-between-and-within-person-associations
#19
Ana M Abrantes, Matthew D Scalco, Sara O'Donnell, Haruka Minami, Jennifer P Read
Prior work has suggested a paradoxical positive relationship between the risk behavior alcohol use and the health behavior exercise, particularly in young adults. Though seldom tested, different theoretical perspectives exist on the mechanisms that may explain the positive relationship. The aims of this study were to test theorized mechanisms of association, including common causes shared by both behaviors (e.g., personality, motives, affective), compensatory processes such as exercising to compensate for calories from alcohol consumption, and methodological confounds (e...
December 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560605/social-support-stress-coping-strategies-resilience-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-a-polish-sample-of-hiv-infected-individuals-results-of-a-1%C3%A2-year-longitudinal-study
#20
Marcin Rzeszutek, Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka
This study investigated the level of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its association with the level of social support, stress coping strategies and resilience among a people living with HIV (PLWH) in a 1 year longitudinal study. We also controlled for age, HIV infection duration and the presence of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). From the 290 participants, initially eligible for the study, 110 patients were recruited for the first assessment and 73 patients participated in a follow-up assessment. Participants filled out following psychometric tools: the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), the Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS), the Mini-COPE Inventory, the Resiliency Assessment Scale (SPP-25) and the PTSD-F questionnaire...
December 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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