journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Irish Journal of Medical Science

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929309/analysis-of-the-outpatient-lumbar-puncture-service-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#1
J Lambe, J Redmond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905197/systemic-glyceryl-trinitrate-reduces-anal-sphincter-tone-is-there-a-therapeutic-indication
#2
C Connolly, S Tierney, P Grace
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) has diverse roles as a biological messenger. [1] Topically applied nitrate donors cause relaxation of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) and facilitate healing of anal fissures [2,3]. Systemic nitrates are commonly used for the treatment of ischaemic heart disease, yet the effects of systemically administered nitrates on the smooth muscle of the IAS are unknown. AIM: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that systemically administered nitrates at a normal dose, cause inhibition of anal sphincter activity...
September 13, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889349/gene-expression-and-levels-of-il-6-and-tnf%C3%AE-in-pbmcs-correlate-with-severity-and-functional-class-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#3
V Eskandari, A A Amirzargar, M J Mahmoudi, Z Rahnemoon, F Rahmani, S Sadati, Z Rahmati, F Gorzin, M Hedayat, N Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows that proinflammatory cytokines are important determinants of assessment of severity and prognosis of chronic heart failure (CHF). AIMS: We investigated whether peripheral expression of the proinflammmatory factors, TNF-α and IL-6 can predict variable of clinical assessment of patients with CHF. METHODS: In this report, we used real-time PCR assay to compare relative gene expression of TNFα and IL-6 in PBMC from CHF patients with various heart diseases (n = 42, EF < 45%, NYHA I to IV) and matched healthy control subjects (n = 42)...
September 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866790/weekend-surgical-handover-enhances-early-management-of-acute-clinical-changes-using-a-red-flag-system
#4
A White-Gibson, C Manole, D Kearney, D Kavanagh
INTRODUCTION: Recent implementation of the European Working Time Directive in Ireland has resulted in a change from thetraditional model of patient care to a system characterised by shift work among clinicians. Effective handover ofpatient information is essential for transfer of responsibility between clinicians and maintaining continuity of care. The weekend has been identified as a particularly vulnerable transition of patient care. AIMS AND METHODS: Our study aims to determine if implementing a formal face-to-face handover accompanied by an electronictemplate in our surgical department can improve the number of adverse events reported back to the primary teamafter a weekend on call...
September 2, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861844/physical-activity-and-advanced-cancer-the-views-of-oncology-and-palliative-care-physicians-in-ireland
#5
G Sheill, E Guinan, L O Neill, D Hevey, J Hussey
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels play an important role in maintaining the quality of life and enhancing the physical function of advanced cancer patients. A brief exercise prompt by physicians can increase PA levels of patients diagnosed with cancer. AIMS: This study explores the views of Irish oncology and palliative care physicians towards PA for patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: A web-based survey with closed- and open-ended questions was used to explore physicians' views...
August 31, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852981/1916-2016-a-centenary-of-publications
#6
G Rahmani, D McNamara
Last year, the centenary of the 1916 Easter rising in Ireland was marked by a commemorative programme organised by the Irish government including both historical and cultural events. The main themes of these events were remembering the past, celebrating Irish achievements and imagining our future. Reviewing the medical literature offers an insight into a century of achievement and change in Irish medicine, captured from the unique perspective of Ireland's oldest medical journal. This manuscript examines papers published during the last 100 years of the Irish Journal of Medical Science, specifically examining the most cited paper from each year...
August 29, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852961/late-anastomotic-breakdown-with-bevacizumab-in-colorectal-cancers-a-case-based-review
#7
REVIEW
T O'Hare, R McDermott, R Hannon
BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab is the first angiogenesis inhibitor to be approved for metastatic colorectal cancer. Unfortunately, bevacizumab treatment has been associated with a variety of complications including haemorrhage, poor wound healing and gastrointestinal perforation. Late anastomotic breakdown related to bevacizumab therapy however has rarely been described. CASE REPORT: Here, we present the case of a 56-year-old woman who had a bevacizumab-related anastomotic breakdown 17 months following her primary anastomosis...
August 29, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812226/in-light-of-recently-published-clinical-trials-and-their-implication-for-clinical-practice-does-a-large-catchment-area-acute-hospital-require-24%C3%A2-hour-ct-neck-and-head-angiography-and-or-neuro-interventional-services-in-the-setting-of-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#8
REVIEW
J Halpin, C Peters, J O'Brien, T Scanlon, M Shelly, N Cunningham, L Hickey
BACKGROUND: Recently published clinical trials have resulted in a significant change in the guidelines used to manage patients suffering an acute ischaemic stroke. New neuro-interventional techniques have revolutionised stroke outcomes. Currently, such services are only available in two specialist centres. AIMS: We attempted to evaluate the need for the provision of routine computed tomography (CT) angiography and neuro-interventional services at a university teaching hospital in Limerick...
August 15, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812224/risk-factors-for-totally-implantable-venous-access-device-associated-complications-in-cystic-fibrosis
#9
C McCarthy, O O'Carroll, M E O'Brien, T McEnery, A Franciosi, C Gunaratnam, N G McElvaney
BACKGROUND: Candidaemia is an important nosocomial infection, seen frequently in immunocompromised and critically ill patients and increasingly recognised in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with totally implantable venous access devices (TIVADs). This study aims to investigate the incidence and risk factors for the development of TIVAD-associated candidaemia and to assess the rate of TIVAD-related complications in CF patients. METHODS: A 10-year retrospective study was carried out on adult CF patients attending a single centre...
August 15, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803271/brain-biopsies-requiring-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-precautions-in-the-republic-of-ireland-2005-2016
#10
F M Brett, S Looby, A Chalissery, D Chen, C Heaney, J Heffernan, F Cunningham, R Howley, T Loftus, H Kearney, M A Farrell
AIMS: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) risk precautions are required when performing brain biopsies on patients with a dementing illness and in 'risk' groups. The impact on a diagnostic neuropathology service is considerable. We sought to determine if better case selection might reduce the necessity for application of CJD risk precautions. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical information, contributory investigations and final neuropathologic diagnosis in a cohort of patients (n = 21), referred to the National CJD Surveillance Centre between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2016...
August 12, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776128/in-recognition-of-ireland-s-medical-scientists-arnold-hill-mark-lawler-ian-young-and-kingston-mills
#11
EDITORIAL
W P Tormey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756541/accurate-and-dynamic-predictive-model-for-better-prediction-in-medicine-and-healthcare
#12
H O Alanazi, A H Abdullah, K N Qureshi, A S Ismail
INTRODUCTION: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have changed the trend into new integrated operations and methods in all fields of life. The health sector has also adopted new technologies to improve the systems and provide better services to customers. Predictive models in health care are also influenced from new technologies to predict the different disease outcomes. However, still, existing predictive models have suffered from some limitations in terms of predictive outcomes performance...
July 29, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756540/severe-ulcerative-colitis-predictors-of-response-and-algorithm-proposal-for-rescue-therapy
#13
D G Ribaldone, I Dileo, R Pellicano, A Resegotti, S Fagoonee, M Vernero, G Saracco, M Astegiano
BACKGROUND: There is no agreeing if rescue therapy can avoid short-term colectomy in patients treated for severe steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis. AIMS: The aim of our study was to identify predictors of response to infliximab and cyclosporine A. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 49 patients with severe ulcerative colitis were included. Response to therapy was defined as three or more point reductions in Mayo score after 6 months of treatment and avoidance of colectomy after 1 year...
July 29, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752234/implementing-a-tobacco-free-hospital-campus-in-ireland-lessons-learned
#14
D McArdle, Z Kabir
BACKGROUND: The Irish Health Service Executive (HSE) had set a target that all HSE facilities should implement the HSE Tobacco Free Campus (TFC) policy by 2015. AIM: The aims of this study are to examine hospital staff awareness and to assess the progress of selected HSE health care facilities towards a TFC policy. METHODS: Three health care facilities that were conveniently located were self-selected in County Cork, namely, an acute hospital, a mental health service and an older person's facility...
July 27, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752233/upper-limb-lymphedema-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-era-of-z0011-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-and-breast-conservation
#15
N R Bhatt, M R Boland, R McGovern, A Lal, S Tormey, A J Lowery, B A Merrigan
INTRODUCTION: Surgical techniques in breast cancer (BCa) have seen a dramatic change recently with breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). The ACOSOG-Z0011 trial reported equivalence in outcomes for certain patients with SLN metastases treated with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) or SLNB alone. Our aim was to investigate changes in lymphedema referral patterns in BCa patients over the last 3 years in a specialist unit and to elucidate effects of SLNB, BCS, and Z0011 trial publication on such patterns...
July 27, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744698/association-of-basal-serum-androgen-levels-with-ovarian-response-and-icsi-cycle-outcome
#16
C Abide Yayla, E Ozkaya, S Kayatas Eser, I Sanverdi, B Devranoglu, T Kutlu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive value of basal serum testosterone (T) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels during follicular phase for ovarian response and outcome in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles of women with diminished ovarian reserve. METHODS: We prospectively gathered data of basal serum androgen levels and ICSI cycle characteristics of 120 women with diminished ovarian reserve. Association of basal serum T and DHEAS levels with ovarian response was analyzed...
July 25, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744697/prospective-validation-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-diagnostic-and-management-adjunct-in-acute-appendicitis
#17
A Khan, M Riaz, Michael E Kelly, W Khan, R Waldron, K Barry, I Z Khan
BACKGROUND: No optimal biomarker exists that accurately diagnoses appendicitis or predicts severity, estimates post-operative complications or total length of hospital stay (LOS). AIM: To prospectively validate the utility of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR) ratio in predicting the severity of appendicitis, LOS, and 30-day complication rates. METHODS: Patients who were admitted with a provisional diagnosis of acute appendicitis over a period of 18 months (Oct 2014-April 2016) were included...
July 25, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744696/a-letter-of-reply-to-salehmohamed-m-r-griffin-m-branigan-t-et-al-patients-treated-with-immunosuppressive-steroids-are-less-aware-of-sick-day-rules-than-those-on-endocrine-replacement-therapy-and-may-be-at-greater-risk-of-adrenal-crisis-ir-j-med-sci-2017-doi
#18
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735501/step-by-step-guide-to-do-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-medical-professionals
#19
Y Bashir, K C Conlon
INTRODUCTION: Systematic review and meta-analysis are statistical tools used to review researches performed on a same topic. They extract the collective effect of the studies performed on the topic of interest after statistically analysing the data of all the studies included. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Systematic reviews and meta-analysis are getting more and more popular in the medical field. Statistics is never the strong aspect of medical professionals, and facing a large number of statistical tests and values could be quite confusing for them...
July 22, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735500/adherence-to-copd-management-guidelines-in-general-practice-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
J Sehl, J O'Doherty, R O'Connor, B O'Sullivan, A O'Regan
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive illness that is mostly managed in the general practice setting. The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines are the international gold standard, and it is important to understand how these are being applied in general practice. AIMS: This review aimed to assess the current level of adherence to international best practice guidelines among general practitioners in relation to COPD...
July 22, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
journal
journal
27445
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"