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Irish Journal of Medical Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197881/25th-sylvester-o-halloran-perioperative-scientific-symposium-2017
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197880/susan-bewley-ed-my-life-as-a-woman-and-a-doctor-beulah-bewley
#2
M Higgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197879/impact-of-xpert-mrsa-sa-blood-culture-pcr-assay-on-management-of-positive-blood-cultures-in-obstetric-patients-a-retrospective-audit
#3
A Page, S O'Rourke, M Brennan, L Clooney, D Le Blanc, J Griffin, M Eogan, R J Drew
BACKGROUND: The Xpert MRSA/SA blood culture assay (Cepheid, USA) is a rapid PCR test which can be used for positive blood cultures where Gram-positive cocci in clusters are seen. It can detect Staphylococcus aureus and also the mecA gene, which encodes for β-lactam resistance. The assay was introduced into the Rotunda Hospital for positive blood cultures to allow earlier detection of MRSA and methicillin susceptible S. aureus. AIM: To assess the impact of the Xpert MRSA/SA blood culture assay on the management of obstetric patients with a positive blood culture where Gram-positive cocci in clusters were seen...
February 14, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190202/five-year-trends-in-maternal-smoking-behaviour-reported-at-the-first-prenatal-appointment
#4
C M E Reynolds, B Egan, A McKeating, N Daly, S R Sheehan, M J Turner
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking is a key modifiable risk factor in preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes such as intrauterine growth restriction, preterm birth and stillbirth. AIM: This observational study examined annual trends of maternal smoking reported at the first prenatal visit in women who delivered in a large university maternity hospital for the 5 years 2011-2015. METHODS: We examined clinical and sociodemographic data computerised routinely for women who presented for prenatal care at the hospital between 2011 and 2015...
February 11, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185061/a-regional-analysis-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-egfr-mutated-lung-cancer-for-hse-south
#5
D Kelly, L Mc Sorley, E O'Shea, E Mc Carthy, S Bowe, C Brady, J Sui, M A Dawod, O O'Brien, D Graham, J McCarthy, L Burke, D Power, S O'Reilly, R M Bambury, D O Mahony
BACKGROUND: EGFR mutated lung cancer represents a subgroup with distinct clinical presentations, prognosis, and management requirements. We investigated the survival, prognostic factors, and real-world treatment of NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation in clinical practice. METHODS: A retrospective review of all specimens sent for EGFR analysis from December 2009 to September 2015 was performed. Patient demographics, specimen type, EGFR mutation status/type, stage at diagnosis, treatment, response rate, and survival data were recorded...
February 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185060/simultaneous-bilateral-total-hip-arthroplasties-in-nonagenarians
#6
REVIEW
F R Power, D T Cawley, P D Curtin
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an effective and durable treatment option for hip osteoarthritis (OA). As life expectancy continues to increase, so too will the demand for joint arthroplasty in the 10th decade of life, frequently in cases involving osteoarthritis of both hips. Simultaneous bilateral total hip arthroplasty (SBTHA) is a valuable therapeutic option in appropriately selected patients with bilateral degenerative hip disease, although its use in the very elderly is poorly reported on in the literature...
February 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181109/a-retrospective-review-of-farm-injuries-presenting-to-an-irish-hospital-emergency-department-in-2013
#7
A Abdulkarim, P Carroll, P Coffey, E Sheehan
BACKGROUND: The agricultural and equestrian businesses are an important source of employment in the Midlands. This is a retrospective study examining the demographics, characteristics, and outcomes of agricultural and equestrian related injuries presenting to the Midland Regional Hospital, Tullamore, Co. Offaly. There were a total of 30,700 attendances to the Emergency Department for 2013. AIMS: This study is an epidemiological review of agricultural injuries, their mechanisms, and consequences presenting to a rural regional hospital over a 1 year period...
February 8, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181108/circulating-levels-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-in-early-stage-diabetic-kidney-disease
#8
A Esteghamati, A Khandan, A Momeni, A Behdadnia, A Ghajar, M S Nikdad, S Noshad, M Nakhjavani, M Afarideh
AIMS/PURPOSE: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a hepatoadipokine with pleiotropic metabolic regulatory actions, is emerging as a novel biomarker of progressive nephropathy. We sought to evaluate circulating FGF21 and its association with clinical and biochemical characteristics as well as the urinary albumin excretion (UAE) rates in a population of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with or without microalbuminuria and their matched healthy controls. METHODS: Cross-sectionally, 130 consecutive individuals comprising patients with T2D with (n = 44) or without (n = 44) microalbuminuria and their healthy controls (n = 42) were recruited for analysis...
February 8, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176195/melanoma-diagnosis-and-management-after-the-introduction-of-a-pigmented-lesion-clinic-in-the-mid-west-of-ireland
#9
M Lynch, E Tierney, L Roche, J Quigley, M Farsi, B Ramsay, C Hackett, K Ahmad
BACKGROUND: A pigmented lesion clinic (PLC) was introduced and Consultant Dermatology posts were increased in the Mid-West of Ireland with the aim of improving early detection of melanoma. METHODS: We analysed retrospectively the invasive melanomas excised in the Mid-West of Ireland over a 2-year period prior to (2010-2011) and after (2013-2014) the advent of the PLC. RESULTS: The number of melanomas excised almost doubled from 54 (2010-2011) to 107 (2013-2014)...
February 8, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176194/enhanced-recovery-in-lower-limb-arthroplasty-in-the-irish-setting
#10
J G Galbraith, C Fenelon, J Gibbons, G A Kelly, D Bennett
BACKGROUND: In the current economic climate of staff shortages and bed closures, orthopaedic surgeons must look for system efficiencies. Enhanced Recovery Programmes (ERP) have the potential not only to reduce length of stay (LOS) and concurrent costs but also to improve patient outcomes. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of ERP for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on length of stay (LOS) in the Irish Setting. METHODS: A single-surgeon retrospective case-control study was conducted comparing those who underwent primary lower limb arthroplasty before and after the introduction of an ERP...
February 7, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176193/obstetric-outcomes-of-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-patients-diagnosed-w%C3%A4-th-inherited-thrombophilia
#11
C Karadağ, T Yoldemir, S D Karadağ, C İnan, Z N Dolgun, L Aslanova
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is defined by two or more failed pregnancies. The relation between RPL and inherited thrombophilia requires anticoagulant therapy during pregnancy. However the obstetric outcomes have not been well defined in these RPL patients diagnosed with inherited thrombophilia, who have been given anticoagulant therapy. AIM: To investigate the obstetric outcomes in pregnant women with RPL who are given low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and low-dose aspirin due to diagnosis of inherited thrombophilia...
February 7, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168639/chemical-cardioversion-of-recent-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-emergency-department-using-vernakalant-hydrochloride-achieves-safe-and-rapid-restoration-of-sinus-rhythm-and-facilitates-same-day-discharge
#12
P Stoneman, P Gilligan, P Mahon, R Sheahan
BACKGROUND: Vernakalant hydrochloride is a rapid-acting antiarrhythmic drug licensed in the EU since 2010 for the conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation with proven efficacy and safety when compared with placebo and amiodarone in randomized clinical trials. AIMS: The aim of our study was to determine the feasibility of same day discharge (following 2 h monitoring) from the emergency department after successful cardioversion using vernakalant hydrochloride...
February 6, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168638/the-relationship-between-the-latency-period-infection-markers-and-oxidant-and-antioxidant-states-in-women-with-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#13
N Ilhan, B K Aygun, H Gungor
BACKGROUND: A major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality has been reported to be preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Our objective was to evaluate oxidant-antioxidant balance, infection parameters, time interval between rupture of membranes and delivery (latency period), and the relationship among all these parameters. METHODS: Seventy-five cases with PPROM between 24 and 34 gestational weeks were included in the study. A control group of 41 women who gave birth at term were considered as the control group...
February 6, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161738/a-cost-analysis-of-the-establishment-of-a-dedicated-orthopaedic-outpatient-injection-clinic-at-a-single-institution
#14
M Curtin, S C O'Neill, P Keogh, P Kenny
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally orthopaedic injections were performed in a theatre setting. A dedicated outpatient injection clinic was established at our institution to attempt to provide injections more cost effectively. Our aim was to perform a cost analysis of orthopaedic injections performed in theatre, compared to those performed in a dedicated OPD injection clinic. METHODS: Patient data for all orthopaedic injections performed at a single institution from 2013 to 2014 was obtained using HIPE data...
February 4, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155100/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-pregnancy-a-retrospective-series-of-36-patients-from-mainland-china
#15
Y Wen, B Yang, Q Huang, Y Liu
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is associated with variable predisposing risk factors including preeclampsia and eclampsia since it proposed. However, studies of large case series focusing on pregnancy-related PRES are still limited. We performed a large retrospective study of patients with pregnancy-related PRES admitted to our institution. METHODS: This was a single-center, 2010-2015 retrospective cohort study of patients with pregnancy-related PRES who underwent neuroimaging via magnetic resonance imaging or computerized tomography from mainland China...
February 2, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155099/inadvertent-parathyroidectomy-during-thyroid-surgery
#16
D M McGoldrick, M Majeed, A A Achakzai, H P Redmond
INTRODUCTION: Inadvertent parathyroidectomy is a recognised complication of thyroid surgery. We aimed to investigate the incidence of and risk factors for inadvertent parathyroidectomy during thyroid surgery, in our patient cohort. METHODS: A retrospective review of the records of all patients undergoing thyroid surgery in our institution between January 2012 and December 2014 was performed. Medical records, laboratory investigations and histopathology reports were evaluated...
February 2, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155098/development-and-evaluation-of-a-centralised-computerised-registry-for-ureteric-stents-completing-the-audit-cycle
#17
N F Davis, G Murray, T O'Connor, C Browne, E MacCraith, D Galvin, D Mulvin, D Quinlan, G Lennon
INTRODUCTION: A forgotten ureteric stent may result in severe renal impairment leading to nephrectomy. AIM: To compare the effectiveness of a centralised computerised registry for monitoring ureteric stent activity with a previously established theatre stent logbook system. METHODS: This prospective audit was performed in two 9-monthly intervals. During the first interval, insertion/removal of a ureteric stent was documented in a specific theatre stent logbook...
February 2, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150118/clinical-outcomes-following-spinal-fracture-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#18
M Nugent, M J Berney, S Morris
BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis is a seronegative rheumatoid condition mainly affecting the axial skeleton. It leads to progressive deformity and stiffening of the spine with an increased risk of vertebral fractures and significant neurological deficits compared to the general population. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of patients with ankylosing spondylitis who sustained acute vertebral fractures over a 10-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review of patient records and radiographic images was performed...
February 1, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133714/towards-a-building-typology-and-terminology-for-irish-hospitals
#19
REVIEW
T Grey, S Kennelly, P de Freine, S Mahon, V Mannion, D O'Neill
BACKGROUND: The physical form of the hospital environment shapes the care setting and influences the relationship of the hospital to the community. Due to ongoing demographic change, evolving public health needs, and advancing medical practice, typical hospitals are frequently redeveloped, retrofitted, or expanded. It is argued that multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder approaches are required to ensure that hospital design matches these increasingly complex needs. To facilitate such a conversation across different disciplines, experts, and community stakeholders, it is helpful to establish a hospital typology and associated terminology as part of any collaborative process...
January 30, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133713/prescribing-error-at-hospital-discharge-a-retrospective-review-of-medication-information-in-an-irish-hospital
#20
M Michaelson, E Walsh, C P Bradley, P McCague, R Owens, L J Sahm
BACKGROUND: Prescribing error may result in adverse clinical outcomes leading to increased patient morbidity, mortality and increased economic burden. Many errors occur during transitional care as patients move between different stages and settings of care. AIM: To conduct a review of medication information and identify prescribing error among an adult population in an urban hospital. METHODS: Retrospective review of medication information was conducted...
January 30, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
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