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International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705418/guest-introduction
#1
EDITORIAL
Diane Kingston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689628/preventing-violence-exploitation-and-abuse-of-persons-with-mental-disabilities-exploring-the-monitoring-implications-of-article-16-of-the-united-nations-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities
#2
Judy Laing
Article 16 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities includes the right to be free from all forms of violence, exploitation and abuse. In pursuance of this aim, Article 16 (3) imposes an obligation on States Parties to 'ensure that all facilities and programmes designed to serve persons with disabilities are effectively monitored by independent authorities'. Effective independent monitoring is viewed as a key mechanism to help safeguard people from violence, exploitation and abuse...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689627/promises-of-protection-article-16-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-and-gender-based-violence-in-south-africa
#3
Helene Combrinck
Article 16 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) guarantees persons with disabilities freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse. This article explores the current status of implementation of article 16 in South Africa, with specific reference to the legislative framework underpinning protection from exploitation, violence and abuse. This investigation is done specifically in the context of gender-based violence, which remains a cause of great concern in this country.
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689626/violence-and-abuse-against-people-with-disabilities-a-comparison-of-the-approaches-of-the-european-court-of-human-rights-and-the-united-nations-committee-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities
#4
Oliver Lewis, Ann Campbell
This paper explores how, and how effectively, two systems of international law have addressed exploitation, violence and abuse of people with mental disabilities. The two international systems reviewed were the Council of Europe's European Court of Human Rights and the United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The two issues dealt with are (a) forced institutionalisation and denial of community-based services and (b) medically-sanctioned treatment as abuse or violence. The paper offers a comparative analysis of the way in which the two bodies have dealt with exploitation, violence and abuse of people with disabilities, and offers recommendations as to how the two bodies could adjust their approaches to come into closer alignment...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689625/the-preventive-approach-opcat-and-the-prevention-of-violence-and-abuse-of-persons-with-mental-disabilities-by-monitoring-places-of-detention
#5
REVIEW
Nora Sveaass, Victor Madrigal-Borloz
Adopted in December 2002, the United Nations Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment establishes a system of regular visits undertaken by independent international and national bodies to places where people are deprived of their liberty, in order to prevent torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The article explores how this collaboration between national and international bodies, with independent mandates to carry out such unannounced visits, represents an important effort in the process of protecting persons with mental disabilities who are detained and who are particularly exposed to exploitation and other forms of serious human rights violations, contrary to Article 16 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687175/a-comprehensive-approach-to-managing-threats-of-violence-on-a-university-or-college-campus
#6
REVIEW
Cheryl Regehr, Graham D Glancy, Andrea Carter, Lisa Ramshaw
Horrifying, high profile acts of violence on campuses remain relatively rare, nevertheless, academic administrators are required to manage threats of violence on campus on an increasingly regular basis. These threats take two primary forms, those in which the perpetrator and the intended victim(s) are clearly identified, often involving repeated threats and threatening behaviour towards an individual; and those involving anonymous threats to commit acts of larger scale violence. Complicating factors in managing these threats include: fear contagion; mass media and social media attention; responsibilities to all members of the university community sometimes including individuals issuing the threat and the intended victims; demands for safety and security measures that are often at odds with professional advice; and permeable campus boundaries that cause security challenges...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679470/partner-abuse-and-its-association-with-emotional-distress-a-study-exploring-lgbti-relationships
#7
Jane L Ireland, Philip Birch, Johann Kolstee, Alison Ritchie
This study examines partner abuse in LBGTI relationships, with focus on the associations with emotional distress and protective factors. Two hundred and eighty-seven participants took part. Partner abuse (victimisation) comprised three factors; conflict orientated aggression; hostile ignorance and control of communication; and social control and possessiveness (including threats to possessions). Perpetration factors were similar. Significant differences across sexuality or gender were limited to the perpetration of abuse relating to suspicion and possessiveness, where men were more likely to report this than the other gender groups, and women were less likely to report this...
July 2, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668228/initial-development-of-the-psychopathic-processing-and-personality-assessment-papa-across-populations
#8
Michael Lewis, Jane L Ireland, Janice Abbott, Carol A Ireland
Three studies describe development of the Psychopathic Processing and Personality Assessment (PAPA). Study one outlines a literature review and Expert Delphi (n=32) to develop the initial PAPA. Study two validates the PAPA with 431 participants (121 male prisoners and 310 university students: 154 men, 156 women), also using the Levenson Self Report Psychopathy scale and a measure of cognitive schema and affect. Study three refined the PAPA, employing it with 50 male students and 40 male forensic psychiatric patients using clinical (interview) assessments of psychopathy: the Psychopathy Checklist - Screening Version and the Affect, Cognitive and Lifestyle assessment...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668227/psychometric-properties-and-predictive-validity-of-a-police-version-of-a-violence-risk-screen-a-pilot-study
#9
John O Roaldset, Pål Hartvig, Stål Bjørkly
The Violence Risk Screening - Police Version (V-RISK-POL) is a seven-item screening tool for use at police stations by police officers and law enforcement officials to assist in the process of decision making regarding release, restrictive measures or arrest for apprehended individuals where the risk of future violence must be considered. The screen is based on the V-RISK-10, originally developed for emergency psychiatry. We examined psychometric properties and the prospective predictive validity of future violent convictions for the V-RISK-POL in a sample of 111 persons arrested for suspicion of violent crimes...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666543/the-vulnerable-adult-experiment-situating-vulnerability-in-adult-safeguarding-law-and-policy
#10
Kirsty Keywood
This article explores the intersection of English adult protection law and policy as it impacted on the lives of people with mental disabilities. It evaluates developments that were premised on the notion of the 'vulnerable adult', in light of recent theoretical interrogation of vulnerability and the normative shifts in law and policy advocated by the UNCRPD. I argue that the policy and legal conceptions of vulnerability developed in England and Wales, if reworked, have the potential to transform our understanding of what it is to be vulnerable into a more radical and socially-grounded framework for adult safeguarding...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655428/balancing-autonomy-and-protection-a-qualitative-analysis-of-court-hearings-dealing-with-protective-measures
#11
REVIEW
Marie Fallon-Kund, Michaela Coenen, Jerome E Bickenbach
Respect for individual autonomy is at the core of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). However, the need to protect persons with disabilities, especially those with cognitive impairments and psychosocial conditions, from outright exploitation, violence and abuse is explicitly provided for in article 16. Legal authorities still decide on a daily basis upon the institution of measures, which aim to protect vulnerable persons and unavoidably impact on the autonomy of persons concerned, known as guardianship, curatorship or administration...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655427/the-development-and-efficacy-of-a-group-intervention-program-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-in-jail
#12
Corey M Leidenfrost, Ronald M Schoelerman, Michael Maher, Daniel Antonius
Providing cost-effective means to treat the influx of individuals with serious mental illness entering the correctional system is a major challenge. Failure to provide appropriate mental health treatment may lead to poor outcomes, including recidivism and suicide. Group intervention is an effective and cost efficient way to provide mental health treatment. However, it has been understudied in jail settings. To meet the needs of jail-inmates with serious mental illness, an eight-week group-based module curriculum was developed and studied through analyses of perceived usefulness, retention of key material, and associations with cognitive ability, improvement in psychiatric symptoms, and level of motivation...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647294/the-un-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-rights-will-and-preferences-in-relation-to-mental-health-disabilities
#13
REVIEW
George Szmukler
The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities spells out in the most up-to-date and specific manner the rights of persons with disabilities. In doing so the Convention presents serious challenges to many conventional practices in respect of people with disabilities, especially those with mental health disabilities. According to a number of authorities, most notably the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 'substitute decision-making' is not consistent with the Convention. 'Respect for the rights, will and preferences' is to be regarded as the touchstone for compliance with the Convention...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645758/urgently-awaiting-implementation-the-right-to-be-free-from-exploitation-violence-and-abuse-in-article-16-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-crpd
#14
Peter Bartlett, Marianne Schulze
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) enshrines the freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse, a provision, which has hitherto received little attention. Exploring the contents of Article 16, this paper seeks to unpack both the potential for violence prevention as well as the implementation challenges. It situates violence protection within related treaty provisions and touches on specific challenges in institutional care as well as the private realm.
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629613/out-of-the-institution-into-the-classroom-legal-challenges-to-the-use-of-restraint-and-seclusion-in-school-settings-in-the-united-states
#15
Lycette Nelson
The issue of restraint and seclusion of children with mental and developmental disabilities in schools has gained greater attention in the United States in recent years as more children with disabilities are attending mainstream schools. This article looks at how cases brought on behalf of children who have been subjected to such treatment fit or fail to fit within a well-developed jurisprudence that provides constitutional protections for the rights of people with mental disabilities to be free from discrimination and from cruel and unusual punishment...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595809/neuroticism-in-child-sex-offenders-and-its-association-with-sexual-dysfunctions-cognitive-distortions-and-psychological-complaints
#16
Coralie Boillat, Gunnar Deuring, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Studies in child sex offenders (CSO) often report deviant personality characteristics. In our study, we investigated neuroticism in CSO and tested the hypothesis that CSO with high neuroticism show more serious abuse behavior and are more likely to exhibit sexual dysfunction and cognitive distortions, as compared to CSO with low neuroticism. A sample of 40 CSO (both child sexual abusers and child sexual material users) was split into two subsamples based on their neuroticism scores, obtained by the NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R) questionnaire...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595808/regulating-seclusion-and-restraint-in-health-care-settings-the-promise-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities
#17
Bernadette McSherry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587723/-organising-objects-adult-safeguarding-practice-and-article-16-of-the-united-nations-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities
#18
Amanda Keeling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535945/the-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-psychometric-properties-among-referred-and-non-referred-portuguese-female-juveniles
#19
Pedro Pechorro, James V Ray, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves, Saul Neves Jesus
The presence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits delineates a subgroup of male youth with severe conduct disorder and antisocial behavior, but little research has been done among female youth. Drawing on 377 female adolescents (103 selected from forensic settings and 274 selected from school settings) from Portugal, the current study is the first to simultaneously examine the psychometric properties of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) in incarcerated female youth and community youth. The results support the use of the ICU in terms of its factor structure, and internal consistency despite the fact an item had to be removed from the Callousness dimension...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532859/humility-when-responding-to-the-abuse-of-adults-with-mental-disabilities
#20
Paul Skowron
Legal theorists often reduce the ethics of responding to the abuse of another person to a clash between the principles of autonomy and protection. This reduction is a problem. Responding to suspected abuse requires humility - the potential responder must be aware of and respect their own limits - but humility cannot be usefully reduced to protection and autonomy. Using examples from the Court of Protection of England and Wales, this article examines the different ways that someone responding to abuse should respect their own limits, and suggests that a failure to do so will disproportionately affect people with mental disabilities...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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