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International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954698/police-employees-violence-risk-assessments-the-predictive-validity-of-the-b-safer-and-the-significance-of-protective-actions
#1
Klara Svalin, Caroline Mellgren, Marie Torstensson Levander, Sten Levander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962685/compulsory-psychiatric-treatment-checklist-instrument-development-and-clinical-application
#2
Sofia Brissos, Filipe Vicente, João Miguel Oliveira, Gonçalo Santos Sobreira, Zita Gameiro, Cátia Alves Moreira, Mariana Pinto da Costa, Marta Queirós, Eva Mendes, Susana Renca, Henrique Prata-Ribeiro, Maurício Scopel Hoffmann, Fernando Vieira
Instruments designed to evaluate the necessity of compulsory psychiatric treatment (CPT) are scarce to non-existent. We developed a 25-item Checklist (scoring 0 to 50) with four clusters (Legal, Danger, Historic and Cognitive), based on variables identified as relevant to compulsory treatment. The Compulsory Treatment Checklist (CTC) was filled with information on case (n=324) and control (n=251) subjects, evaluated under the Portuguese Mental Health Act (Law 36/98), in three hospitals. For internal validation, we used Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), testing unidimensional and bifactor models...
September 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962684/rights-laws-and-tensions-a-comparative-analysis-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-and-the-who-resource-book-on-mental-health-human-rights-and-legislation
#3
Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Good mental health legislation is essential for ensuring high quality mental health care and protecting human rights. Many countries are attempting to bring mental health legislation in line with the UN - Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability (UN-CRPD). The UN-CRPD requires policy-makers to rethink the 'medical model' of mental illness and existing laws. It also challenges WHO guidelines on drafting mental health law, described in the WHO Resource Book on Mental Health, Human Rights and Legislation (WHO-RB)...
September 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962683/the-use-of-behavioural-genetics-in-the-criminal-justice-system-a-disability-human-rights-perspective
#4
Charles O'Mahony, Aisling de Paor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962682/confronting-online-social-aggression-in-hong-kong-a-wake-up-call
#5
Rebecca Ong
Online bullying as a form of online aggression is an increasingly growing phenomenon that is experienced by all age groups. Apart from the use of technology, online bullying shares the same attributes as conventional bullying. This includes a power imbalance vis-a-vis the bully and the victim and the victims' feeling of helplessness. Its impact however, is greater resulting in severe psychological, social and mental health problems. Because online bullying presents a new type of challenge for lawmakers, educators and parents, there may not be a single solution to this social problem...
September 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743409/moral-cognition-emotion-and-behavior-in-male-youth-with-varying-levels-of-psychopathic-traits
#6
Maaike Cima, Andries Korebrits, Geert Jan Stams, Peter Bleumer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743408/analysis-of-concordance-between-conclusions-of-forensic-psychiatric-evaluation-and-court-decisions-after-2005-criminal-code-amendment-in-a-taiwan-psychiatric-hospital
#7
Tien-Wei Yang, Jeng-Ming Yu, Chun-Hung Pan
The aim of the study is to explore the relationships between results of forensic psychiatric evaluation on "mental status at the time of the offense (MSO)" and the final decision of the courts after the amendment of the Criminal Code in 2005. All criminal cases referred to Taipei City Psychiatric Center for MSO evaluation from July 1, 2006, to December 31, 2015, were reviewed, and only the completed trials were included. Concordance rates in each category of MSO conclusion and the court decision were analyzed and compared...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687175/a-comprehensive-approach-to-managing-threats-of-violence-on-a-university-or-college-campus
#8
REVIEW
Cheryl Regehr, Graham D Glancy, Andrea Carter, Lisa Ramshaw
Horrifying, high profile acts of violence on campuses remain relatively rare, nevertheless, academic administrators are required to manage threats of violence on campus on an increasingly regular basis. These threats take two primary forms, those in which the perpetrator and the intended victim(s) are clearly identified, often involving repeated threats and threatening behaviour towards an individual; and those involving anonymous threats to commit acts of larger scale violence. Complicating factors in managing these threats include: fear contagion; mass media and social media attention; responsibilities to all members of the university community sometimes including individuals issuing the threat and the intended victims; demands for safety and security measures that are often at odds with professional advice; and permeable campus boundaries that cause security challenges...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679470/partner-abuse-and-its-association-with-emotional-distress-a-study-exploring-lgbti-relationships
#9
Jane L Ireland, Philip Birch, Johann Kolstee, Alison Ritchie
This study examines partner abuse in LBGTI relationships, with focus on the associations with emotional distress and protective factors. Two hundred and eighty-seven participants took part. Partner abuse (victimisation) comprised three factors; conflict orientated aggression; hostile ignorance and control of communication; and social control and possessiveness (including threats to possessions). Perpetration factors were similar. Significant differences across sexuality or gender were limited to the perpetration of abuse relating to suspicion and possessiveness, where men were more likely to report this than the other gender groups, and women were less likely to report this...
July 2, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705418/guest-introduction
#10
EDITORIAL
Diane Kingston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689628/preventing-violence-exploitation-and-abuse-of-persons-with-mental-disabilities-exploring-the-monitoring-implications-of-article-16-of-the-united-nations-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities
#11
Judy Laing
Article 16 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities includes the right to be free from all forms of violence, exploitation and abuse. In pursuance of this aim, Article 16 (3) imposes an obligation on States Parties to 'ensure that all facilities and programmes designed to serve persons with disabilities are effectively monitored by independent authorities'. Effective independent monitoring is viewed as a key mechanism to help safeguard people from violence, exploitation and abuse...
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689627/promises-of-protection-article-16-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-and-gender-based-violence-in-south-africa
#12
Helene Combrinck
Article 16 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) guarantees persons with disabilities freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse. This article explores the current status of implementation of article 16 in South Africa, with specific reference to the legislative framework underpinning protection from exploitation, violence and abuse. This investigation is done specifically in the context of gender-based violence, which remains a cause of great concern in this country.
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689626/violence-and-abuse-against-people-with-disabilities-a-comparison-of-the-approaches-of-the-european-court-of-human-rights-and-the-united-nations-committee-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities
#13
Oliver Lewis, Ann Campbell
This paper explores how, and how effectively, two systems of international law have addressed exploitation, violence and abuse of people with mental disabilities. The two international systems reviewed were the Council of Europe's European Court of Human Rights and the United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The two issues dealt with are (a) forced institutionalisation and denial of community-based services and (b) medically-sanctioned treatment as abuse or violence. The paper offers a comparative analysis of the way in which the two bodies have dealt with exploitation, violence and abuse of people with disabilities, and offers recommendations as to how the two bodies could adjust their approaches to come into closer alignment...
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689625/the-preventive-approach-opcat-and-the-prevention-of-violence-and-abuse-of-persons-with-mental-disabilities-by-monitoring-places-of-detention
#14
REVIEW
Nora Sveaass, Victor Madrigal-Borloz
Adopted in December 2002, the United Nations Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment establishes a system of regular visits undertaken by independent international and national bodies to places where people are deprived of their liberty, in order to prevent torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The article explores how this collaboration between national and international bodies, with independent mandates to carry out such unannounced visits, represents an important effort in the process of protecting persons with mental disabilities who are detained and who are particularly exposed to exploitation and other forms of serious human rights violations, contrary to Article 16 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities...
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666543/the-vulnerable-adult-experiment-situating-vulnerability-in-adult-safeguarding-law-and-policy
#15
Kirsty Keywood
This article explores the intersection of English adult protection law and policy as it impacted on the lives of people with mental disabilities. It evaluates developments that were premised on the notion of the 'vulnerable adult', in light of recent theoretical interrogation of vulnerability and the normative shifts in law and policy advocated by the UNCRPD. I argue that the policy and legal conceptions of vulnerability developed in England and Wales, if reworked, have the potential to transform our understanding of what it is to be vulnerable into a more radical and socially-grounded framework for adult safeguarding...
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655428/balancing-autonomy-and-protection-a-qualitative-analysis-of-court-hearings-dealing-with-protective-measures
#16
REVIEW
Marie Fallon-Kund, Michaela Coenen, Jerome E Bickenbach
Respect for individual autonomy is at the core of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). However, the need to protect persons with disabilities, especially those with cognitive impairments and psychosocial conditions, from outright exploitation, violence and abuse is explicitly provided for in article 16. Legal authorities still decide on a daily basis upon the institution of measures, which aim to protect vulnerable persons and unavoidably impact on the autonomy of persons concerned, known as guardianship, curatorship or administration...
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645758/urgently-awaiting-implementation-the-right-to-be-free-from-exploitation-violence-and-abuse-in-article-16-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-crpd
#17
Peter Bartlett, Marianne Schulze
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) enshrines the freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse, a provision, which has hitherto received little attention. Exploring the contents of Article 16, this paper seeks to unpack both the potential for violence prevention as well as the implementation challenges. It situates violence protection within related treaty provisions and touches on specific challenges in institutional care as well as the private realm.
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629613/out-of-the-institution-into-the-classroom-legal-challenges-to-the-use-of-restraint-and-seclusion-in-school-settings-in-the-united-states
#18
Lycette Nelson
The issue of restraint and seclusion of children with mental and developmental disabilities in schools has gained greater attention in the United States in recent years as more children with disabilities are attending mainstream schools. This article looks at how cases brought on behalf of children who have been subjected to such treatment fit or fail to fit within a well-developed jurisprudence that provides constitutional protections for the rights of people with mental disabilities to be free from discrimination and from cruel and unusual punishment...
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595808/regulating-seclusion-and-restraint-in-health-care-settings-the-promise-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities
#19
Bernadette McSherry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587723/-organising-objects-adult-safeguarding-practice-and-article-16-of-the-united-nations-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities
#20
Amanda Keeling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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