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International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

Emma Jones, Anna Kawalek
Although therapeutic jurisprudence ("TJ") is increasingly well-established internationally, particularly within the United States of America ("US"), to date it remains relatively unacknowledged within the United Kingdom ("UK"). This article will explore the opportunities presented within contemporary UK society for the greater promotion, and eventual mainstreaming, of TJ. It will also consider the challenges faced during this process and how best to overcome these. Its first key area of focus will be upon the potential role of legal education in the UK in educating law students (and academics) about TJ, considering which approaches are likely to be most effective in incorporating TJ perspectives, at what stage this should occur and to what extent TJ is likely to impact on the existing curricula at a time when proposed changes relating to entry into the legal profession are heavily influencing the work of Law Schools...
July 8, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Kathy L Cerminara
More than 25 years ago, Professors David Wexler and Bruce Winick envisioned broad application of therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ), an interdisciplinary theory of law suggesting that legislatures, regulators, and judges consider the extent to which their decisions impact the psychological well-being of those upon whom the law acts. TJ most obviously plays a significant role in mental health and criminal law, where it originated, but Wexler and Winick long ago opined that TJ could be useful in a wide variety of other disciplines as well...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Amy T Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Lorana Bartels
This article builds on the emerging understanding of Hawaii's Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) probation when viewed through the lens of therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ). The article commences with recent conceptualizations of TJ through the metaphor and methodology of 'wine'/'liquid' and 'bottles' (Wexler, 2014). Next, the article presents an overview of how HOPE works and clarifies a number of misconceptions about the approach taken. The article then examines the potential of the principles underlying HOPE to help in realizing the promise of mainstreaming TJ...
June 26, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Georgia Martha Gkotsi, Jacques Gasser, Valérie Moulin
Various neuroscientific techniques are increasingly being used in criminal courts causing a vivid debate on the way that this kind of techniques will and should be used as scientific evidence. The role of experts in this context is important, since it is them that analyse, present, interpret and communicate the results of these techniques to the judges and the jury. In an attempt to contribute to the discussion about the role of the experts in criminal cases where neuroimaging evidence was introduced, we examined twenty seven cases from the US and Europe...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Gerrit Glas
This paper gives an analysis of some conceptual issues in the neuroscientific study of empathy. The focus will almost exclusively be on a seminal paper by Decety and Jackson (2004) on the functional architecture of empathy. The authors withstand reductionistic tendencies in the exposition of what their findings might mean for the psychology of social cognition. They are aware of the thorny conceptual issues that arise when attempting to bridge intuitive folk psychological conceptions of empathy with explanations offered by social psychology, developmental science, and, most of all, neuroscience...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Jennifer A Chandler, Neil Harrel, Tijana Potkonjak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Katherine Flannigan, Jacqueline Pei, Andrew Burke, Roy Frenzel, Carmen Rasmussen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Gerben Meynen
Neuroscience produces a wealth of data on the relationship between brain and behavior, including criminal behavior. The research field studying the possible and actual impact of neuroscience on the law and legal practices, is called neurolaw. It is a new and rapidly developing domain of interdisciplinary research. Since forensic psychiatry has to do with both neuroscience and the law, neurolaw is of specific relevance for this psychiatric specialty. In this contribution, I will discuss three main research areas in neurolaw - revision, assessment, and intervention - and explore their relevance for forensic psychiatry...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Paul G Nestor
Is neuroscience the death of free will and if so, does this mean the imminent demise of the psycho-legal practices related to insanity and criminal responsibility? For many scholars of neuro-jurisprudence, recent advances in brain sciences suggesting that the perception of free will is merely illusory, an epiphenomenon of unconscious brain activity, do indeed undermine our traditional understandings of moral and legal responsibility. In this paper, however, we reject this radical claim and argue that neuroscientific evidence can indeed reveal how free will actually works and how its underlying neural and perceptual machinery gives rise to our sense of responsibility for our actions...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Hayley M Passmore, Raewyn C Mutch, Sharyn Burns, Rochelle Watkins, Jonathan Carapetis, Guy Hall, Carol Bower
BACKGROUND: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a condition caused by prenatal alcohol exposure and characterised by lifelong physical, behavioural and cognitive abnormalities. Primary disabilities, such as impairment in memory, attention, cognition, language, executive function, and adaptive function, can lead to young people with FASD becoming engaged with the justice system. Little is known about the extent of FASD in youth detention in Australia, or of the capacity custodial staff have to manage and support young people with FASD...
July 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Dave Mercer, Elizabeth Perkins
English high-secure hospitals have contained individuals deemed mentally disordered, and dangerous, since the mid-nineteenth century. With the development of gender sensitive services female patients have been moved out of these institutions into smaller secure settings. Female staff continue to work in high secure hospitals, but are often in a minority in these services. Little is known about how female staff experience the everyday world of work. This paper is based on in-depth interviews with female nurses employed in a unit caring for detained male sexual offenders with a diagnosis of personality disorder...
July 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Christine Tartaro, Joshua Duntley, Stephanie Medvetz, Nicole Hafner
One hundred sixty-three homicide case files from The Center for Forensic Psychiatry in Ypsilanti, Michigan were examined for evidence of factors associated with the outcomes of Competency to Stand Trial (CST) evaluations. Of the socio-demographic, legal, and clinical factors investigated, only three were significant. Defendants with lower IQs were more likely to be found incompetent to stand trial, and those with more property crime arrests were more likely to be found competent to stand trial. Additionally, defendants who were found incompetent to stand trial were more likely to be accused of killing an intimate or relative...
July 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
E C C Carla van Os, A E Elianne Zijlstra, E J Erik Knorth, W J Wendy Post, M E Margrite Kalverboer
Best Interests of the Child (BIC) assessments provide migration authorities with behavioral information about which interests of the child could be taken into account before a decision is made on the request for a residence permit. This study provides insight into the quality and outcomes of BIC assessments with 16 unaccompanied children (15-18 years) and 11 accompanied children (4-16 years) who have recently arrived in the Netherlands and requested asylum (N = 27). The results suggest that BIC assessments provide relevant information that enables assessors to determine the best interests of recently arrived refugee children...
July 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
José María Faílde Garrido, Manuel Antonio García Rodríguez, María Victoria Carrera Fernández, Yolanda Rodríguez Castro, María Lameiras Fernández, Laura Ruiz Soriano
Significant changes have been applied to the regulation of criminal law concerning road traffic in Spain, in a similar way to many of the countries surrounding us. This has led to a gradual increase in the number of individuals who are convicted with custodial sentences or sentenced to community service. Nevertheless, the available data on the psychosocial traits of road traffic offence convicts is highly limited. The objective of this qualitative study is to provide more insight into those convicted of road traffic offences through the use of focus groups, thus enabling the analysis of their attitudes towards sentences related to road safety offences, opinions regarding their driving styles, the profile of convicts of road traffic offences and how they feel about being labelled as delinquents...
July 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Luciana Carraro, Chiara Spironelli, Eleonora Poli, Andrea Bobbio, Luigi Castelli, Luciano Arcuri, Alessandro Angrilli
A lack of empathy, interpersonal dominance, aggression and the exploitation of others are the key features of both narcissism and psychopathic disorders. With the aim to better capture the shared facets of these traits, this study developed a new tool named the Capability to Influence Others (CIO) Inventory, which is based on the pleasantness evaluation of ten items-verbs presented in the infinitive form. The inventory, characterized by very quick submission, was administered to 67 males and 100 females and was correlated with the concurrent Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP)...
July 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Desai Shan
Workplace injuries are a serious public health problem, potentially leading to loss of earnings, medical expenses, disability and even death for working people. Maritime transport workers - seafarers - are exposed to higher risks of workplace injuries than is the general land-based workforce. China has the world's largest population of international seafarers. Under Chinese law, as elsewhere, losses from workplace accidents are compensated in the form of financial entitlements. However, Chinese seafarers face tremendous challenges in the workers' compensation claim process...
May 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Ingeborg Warnke, Alex Gamma, Anna Buadze, Roman Schleifer, Carlos Canela, Nicolas Rüsch, Wulf Rössler, Bernd Strebel, Tamás Tényi, Michael Liebrenz
While forensic psychiatry is of increasing importance in mental health care, limited available evidence shows that attitudes toward the discipline are contradictory and that knowledge about it seems to be limited in medical students. We aimed to shed light on this subject by analyzing medical students' central attitudes toward and their association with knowledge about forensic psychiatry as well as with socio-demographic and education-specific predictor variables. We recruited N = 1345 medical students from 45 universities with a German language curriculum across four European countries (Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Hungary) by using an innovative approach, namely snowball sampling via Facebook...
May 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Shih-Pei Shen, Yi-Chen Chen, Hung-Chi Wu, Tieh-Chi Chung, Ching-Hong Tsai, Wen-Miin Liang, Joh-Jong Huang, Frank Huang-Chih Chou
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to assess the empirical findings of compulsory admission for psychiatric disorders before and after the 2007 amendment to the Mental Health Act in Taiwan. METHODS: A matched case-control study design was applied. Participants were selected using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. The control and case data were collected in 2006 and 2011, and the number of compulsory admission cases was recorded with a case-control ratio of 1:4, along with information on age (±3 years) and gender...
May 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Andrew Toyin Olagunju, Stephen Olamide Oluwaniyi, Babatunde Fadipe, Oluseun Peter Ogunnubi, Osunwale Dahunsi Oni, Olatunji Francis Aina, Gary Andrew Chaimowitz
Forensic and correctional mental health services may constitute an important "safety net" for the mentally ill and can ensure a degree of public protection. The increasing prison populations and shift towards humane care of the mentally ill that encompasses promotion of human rights, community re-integration, utilitarian safety and operation of internationally comparable mental health legislations underscore the need to appraise correctional psychiatry services, especially in resource-restricted settings...
May 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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