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Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

P Comeglio, S Filippi, E Sarchielli, A Morelli, I Cellai, C Corno, A Pini, L Adorini, G B Vannelli, M Maggi, L Vignozzi
PURPOSE: We recently demonstrated a protective effect of the farnesoid X receptor agonist obeticholic acid (OCA) in rat models of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis (PF). Aim of the present study was to investigate whether the positive effects of OCA treatment are apparent also on ongoing bleomycin-induced PF, i.e., after 2 weeks of bleomycin administration. METHODS: Bleomycin-induced PF rats were treated 2 weeks after bleomycin administration with OCA or pirfenidone for two additional weeks...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
G Lanzolla, E Sabini, M A Profilo, B Mazzi, A Sframeli, R Rocchi, F Menconi, M Leo, M Nardi, P Vitti, C Marcocci, M Marinò
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that high cholesterol represents a risk factor for Graves' orbitopathy (GO). In a recent cross-sectional study, a correlation between cholesterol and the presence of GO was found in patients with a Graves' disease (GD) of recent onset. To confirm this observation, we conducted a retrospective investigation in consecutive patients with GD. The primary outcome was the relationship between the presence of GO and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
T Filardi, V Carnevale, R Massoud, C Russo, L Nieddu, F Tavaglione, I Turinese, A Lenzi, E Romagnoli, S Morano
PURPOSE: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have increased fracture risk. Osteopontin (OPN) is a protein involved in bone remodeling and inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of OPN with fracture prevalence and with metabolic parameters in post-menopausal women with T2DM. METHODS: Sixty-four post-menopausal women with T2DM (age 67.0 ± 7.8 years, diabetes duration 8.9 ± 6.7 years), enrolled in a previous study, were followed up (3...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Y Luo, Y Zhao, K Chen, J Shen, J Shi, S Lu, J Lei, Z Li, D Luo
PURPOSE: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is a vital prognosis factor in patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). The study tried to identify clinicopathological factors for LNM of PTMC. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 1031 patients with PTMC were extracted and analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors associated with cervical lymph node metastasis. ROC analysis was used to determine the ideal critical points of the sum of the maximum diameter of multifocal in a unilateral lobe...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
D Januś, M Wójcik, A Taczanowska, P Sołtysiak, A Wędrychowicz, D Roztoczyńska, G Drabik, Ł Wyrobek, J B Starzyk
PURPOSE: To present the outcomes of ultrasound (US) follow-ups in children with autoimmune thyroid disease who did not have a thyroid nodule on admission but developed papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and to characterize the parenchymal changes in the thyroid gland prior to the development of PTC. METHODS: A retrospective thyroid US scan review of 327 patients diagnosed with AIT was performed. Forty patients (40/327, 12.2%) presented nodular AIT variant with a normoechogenic background...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
E R Laws, D L Penn, C S Repetti
BACKGROUND: Pituitary tumors are common lesions, and they represent the second most frequent primary brain tumor. Their classification has undergone several changes over time. The World Health Organization conducts periodic expert review/consensus meetings and publishes the results as recommendations for changes in classification, based on advances in molecular and genetic advances. This paper summarizes the results of the 2017 WHO Classification, which recommends several important changes...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
E Sabini, A Sframeli, M Marinò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
M Demirpence, A Guler, H Yilmaz, A Sayin, Y Pekcevik, H Turkon, A Colak, E M Ari, B Aslanipour, G U Kocabas, M Calan
PURPOSE: Acromegaly is a rare disorder existed in the result of overproduction of growth hormone (GH). The disorder is associated with increased cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic abnormalities. Urotensin II (UII), a secreted vasoactive peptide hormone, belonging somatostatin superfamily, plays an essential role in atherosclerosis and glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether circulating UII levels are altered in subjects with acromegaly, and to describe the relationship between UII and hormonal or cardiometabolic parameters...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
R M Ruggeri, M Cristani, T M Vicchio, A Alibrandi, S Giovinazzo, A Saija, A Campennì, F Trimarchi, S Gangemi
PURPOSE: Interleukin-37 (IL-37), member of the IL-1 family, is a natural suppressor of immune and inflammatory responses. Increased serum IL-37 levels were observed in several autoimmune diseases, including Graves' disease. To our knowledge, no data on Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) are available in the literature. METHODS: Aim of our study was to measure serum IL-37 levels and evaluate their relationship, if any, with oxidative stress markers in HT patients. We enrolled 45 euthyroid HT patients (5 M e 40 F, median age 40 years) and 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
F Trimarchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
S Giannattasio, F Megiorni, V Di Nisio, A Del Fattore, R Fontanella, S Camero, C Antinozzi, C Festuccia, G L Gravina, S Cecconi, C Dominici, L Di Luigi, C Ciccarelli, P De Cesaris, A Riccioli, B M Zani, A Lenzi, R G Pestell, A Filippini, C Crescioli, V Tombolini, F Marampon
PURPOSE: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in childhood, rarely affects adults, preferring male. RMS expresses the receptor for androgen (AR) and responds to androgen; however, the molecular action of androgens on RMS is unknown. METHODS: Herein, testosterone (T) effects were tested in embryonal (ERMS) and alveolar (ARMS) RMS cell lines, by performing luciferase reporter assay, RT-PCR, and western blotting experiments. RNA interference experiments or bicalutamide treatment was performed to assess the specific role of AR...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
L Zhang, X Fang, L Li, R Liu, C Zhang, H Liu, M Tan, G Yang
PURPOSE: The diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is based on a combination of various clinical phenotypes in each patient. However, insulin resistance (IR) and dysmetabolism are not included in the diagnostic criteria of PCOS. Therefore, the definition of PCOS is controversial. The objective of this study is to investigate whether some PCOS phenotypes can be predicted by a circulating biomarker related to IR and metabolic dysfunction in PCOS women. METHODS: One hundred and seventeen women with PCOS and 95 healthy women were recruited for this study...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Z A Uc, S Gorar, S Mizrak, S Gullu
PURPOSE: Irisin is a newly identified myokine secreted by skeletal muscle and has significant effects on body metabolism. Thyroidal functional state has a profound influence on the metabolism of human body. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the possible changes in serum irisin concentrations before and after treatment in hypothyroid subjects. METHODS: The study included 26 patients with overt hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto thyroiditis and 19 healthy subjects...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Cristiana Cipriani, Jessica Pepe, Salvatore Minisola, E Michael Lewiecki
PURPOSE: The review focused on the role that media reporting plays in the level of public awareness about osteoporosis and its influence on osteoporosis treatment decisions. METHODS: We reviewed the literature on the role of media on three main aspects influencing patient adherence to osteoporosis treatment: the awareness of osteoporosis as a major health problem, the perception of the effectiveness of osteoporosis medications, and the fear of adverse effects with osteoporosis medications...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
B S Yurekli, N O Kutbay, M Aksit, A Suner, I Y Simsir, S Seckiner, G U Kocabas, G Bozkaya, F Saygili
PURPOSE: Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) is a member of fibroblast growth factor family. Both growth hormone (GH) and FGF-21 take place in the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism. We aimed to investigate FGF-21 levels in acromegaly which is characterized by excess GH levels and is associated with comorbidities and altered body composition. METHODS: We studied 43 subjects (21 females and 22 males, mean age of 50.0 ± 12.8) with acromegaly. The control group consisted of 40 gender- and age-matched subjects (25 females and 15 males, mean age of 48...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
A Pucci, R L Batterham
The worldwide obesity epidemic continues unabated, adversely impacting upon global health and economies. People with severe obesity suffer the greatest adverse health consequences with reduced life expectancy. Currently, bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for people with severe obesity, resulting in marked sustained weight loss, improved obesity-associated comorbidities and reduced mortality. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), the most common bariatric procedures undertaken globally, engender weight loss and metabolic improvements by mechanisms other than restriction and malabsorption...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
A Barbonetti, S D'Andrea, J Samavat, A Martorella, G Felzani, S Francavilla, M Luconi, F Francavilla
PURPOSE: Osteocalcin (OCN), released from the bone matrix during the resorption phase, in its undercarboxylated form, stimulates testosterone (T) biosynthesis in mouse and a loss-of-function mutation of its receptor was associated with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism in humans. Nevertheless, when population-based studies have explored the OCN-T association, conflicting results have been reported. Hypothesizing that the evidence of a positive association between OCN and T could have been hindered by the preeminent role of a well-functioning hypothalamus-pituitary axis in promoting T biosynthesis, we explored this association in men with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI), exhibiting high prevalence of non-hypergonadotropic androgen deficiency...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
F Pacini, F Basolo, R Bellantone, G Boni, M A Cannizzaro, M De Palma, C Durante, R Elisei, G Fadda, A Frasoldati, L Fugazzola, R Guglielmi, C P Lombardi, P Miccoli, E Papini, G Pellegriti, L Pezzullo, A Pontecorvi, M Salvatori, E Seregni, P Vitti
BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodules are a common clinical problem, and differentiated thyroid cancer is becoming increasingly prevalent. METHODS: Six scientific Italian societies entitled to cure thyroid cancer patients (the Italian Thyroid Association, the Medical Endocrinology Association, the Italian Society of Endocrinology, the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, the Italian Society of Unified Endocrine Surgery and the Italian Society of Anatomic Pathology and Diagnostic Cytology) felt the need to develop a consensus report based on significant scientific advances occurred in the field...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Davide Lazzeri, Ahmed Al-Mousawi, Fabio Nicoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
D Giugliano, M I Maiorino, G Bellastella, K Esposito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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