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Research in Nursing & Health

Kaitlyn Rechenberg, Margaret Grey, Lois Sadler
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is one of the most common chronic health conditions in youth in the United States, and its incidence is rising worldwide. Youth with T1D are at a high risk of psychological comorbidity, for example, anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. Psychological comorbidities, especially anxiety symptoms, have been correlated with poorer diabetes outcomes, but anxiety symptoms have not been well studied in these youth. The primary aim of this study was to describe the experience of anxiety symptoms in youth with T1D, especially as those symptoms relate to diabetes self-management tasks...
October 30, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Amanda Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Demetrius J Porche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Stacy M Fischer, Sung-Joon Min, Adam Atherly, Danielle M Kline, Wendolyn S Gozansky, John Himberger, Joseph Lopez, Kathleen Lester, Regina M Fink
Latinos are more likely to experience uncontrolled pain, and institutional death, and are less likely to engage in advance care planning. Efforts to increase access to palliative care must maximize primary palliative care and community based models to meet the ever-growing need in a culturally sensitive and congruent manner. Patient navigator interventions are community-based, culturally tailored models of care that have been successfully implemented to improve disease prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment...
October 10, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Nastasja Robstad, Frank Siebler, Ulrika Söderhamn, Thomas Westergren, Liv Fegran
The purpose of this pilot study was to design and test research instruments to measure qualified intensive care nurses' implicit and explicit attitudes and behavioral intentions toward obese intensive care patients. In previous studies researchers have demonstrated that some health professionals hold negative attitudes toward obese patients; however, little is known about qualified intensive care nurses' attitudes toward these patients. Our cross-sectional pilot study involved Implicit Association Tests, the Anti-fat Attitude questionnaire, an explicit bias scale comprising ratings of explicit beliefs and feelings, assessment of behavioral intentions based on vignettes, and demographic questions...
October 10, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Shu-Li Lee, Bai-Hsiun Chen, Siew-Lee Wong, Shu-Chen Chang, Meng-Che Tsai, Ruey-Hsia Wang
Self-management among adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is poorer than in other age groups during childhood. A valid and reliable short-form scale to measure self-management in adolescents with T1D is prudent for enhancing their self-management in clinical settings. We used a cross-sectional design to develop a short-form Chinese version of the Self-Management of Type 1 Diabetes for Adolescents Scale (C-SMOD-A) and test its psychometric characteristics. Two hundred adolescents with T1D were recruited from four hospitals in Taiwan through convenience sampling...
October 3, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Cindy L Munro, Zhan Liang, Paula Cairns, Lucia Hamilton, Xusheng Chen, Kevin Kip
The optimal frequency of tooth brushing in the critically ill has not been experimentally determined. For mechanically ventilated patients, optimal frequency of tooth brushing is an important unresolved issue as there is little evidence to judge the benefits or associated risks of tooth brushing. Given this knowledge gap, the project's overall goal is to determine the optimal frequency of tooth brushing (once, twice, or three times daily) for mechanically ventilated adults. A prospective, randomized, experimental design is used...
October 3, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Rachel Jones, Donald R Hoover
For women, the high-risk sex script of condomless sex to maintain relationships with men is concerning, particularly in regard to heterosexual HIV acquisition. This secondary analysis of data from a clinical trial evaluated the effect of a 12-episode, web-based video series intervention, entitled Love, Sex, and Choices, versus a text message control on lowering the high-risk sex script. The sample comprised 238 predominately urban Black women, ages 18-29, having HIV sex risk behavior. Data were collected at baseline and 6 months post-intervention...
October 3, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Souraya Sidani, Dana R Epstein, Mary Fox, Laura Collins
Treatment satisfaction, which refers to the positive appraisal of process and outcome attributes of a treatment, is a prominent indicator of quality care. Although it is known that participant, treatment, and outcome factors influence treatment satisfaction, it remains unclear which factors contribute to satisfaction with each process and outcome attribute. In this study, we examined the extent to which participant (age, gender, education, race, employment), treatment (type of therapy, method of assignment to therapy), and outcome (self-reported improvement in outcome) factors contribute to satisfaction with the process and outcome attributes of therapies for insomnia...
September 17, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Maxim Topaz, MaryGrace Trifilio, Donna Maloney, Ofrit Bar-Bachar, Kathryn H Bowles
Patient admission to homecare is a complex process. Medicare policy requires that all patients receive a first home visit within 48 hr after the referral is received at the homecare agency. For unstable or high risk patients, waiting 48 hr to be seen by homecare nurses may not be safe. In this pilot study we tested an innovative clinical decision support tool (called PREVENT), designed to identify patients who may need to be prioritized for early homecare visits. The study was conducted in 2016 at a large homecare agency in the Northeastern US with 176 patients admitted to homecare from the hospital...
September 11, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Maja Holm, Anette Alvariza, Carl-Johan Fürst, Joakim Öhlen, Kristofer Årestedt
The Texas Revised Inventory of Grief (TRIG) was developed to measure the intensity of grief after the death of a close person. It consists of two scales: TRIG I (past behaviors) and TRIG II (present feelings). Because of inconsistencies in previous validations, the instrument needs to be further validated, hence the aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the TRIG in a sample of bereaved family caregivers in Sweden. The TRIG was translated to Swedish according to standard principles, and 129 bereaved family caregivers completed the questionnaire...
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Demetrius J Porche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Chloe Gaines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
María Correa-Rodríguez, Emilio González-Jiménez, Blanca Rueda-Medina, María I Tovar-Gálvez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge E Correa-Bautista, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
Dietary inflammatory potential is an established risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events. In this study we analyzed the relation between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and cardiovascular risk factors, based on anthropometric, body composition, blood pressure, and heart rate parameters in children and adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 428 Spanish schoolchildren (mean age 12.32 ± 1.84), whose DII was calculated, based on a 24-hr diet recall over 3 days. Anthropometric measurements were taken, and body composition analyzed by bioelectrical impedance analysis...
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Jessica K Zègre-Hemsey, Larisa A Burke, Holli A DeVon
Early diagnosis is critical in the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), particularly ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), because effective therapies are time-dependent. Aims of this secondary analysis were to determine: (i) the prognostic value of symptoms for an ACS diagnosis in conjunction with electrocardiographic (ECG) and troponin results; and (ii) if any of 13 symptoms were associated with prehospital delay in those presenting to the emergency department (ED) with potential ACS...
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Kelli DePriest, Arlene Butz, Deborah Gross
Over 2 million children in the US have uncontrolled asthma. African American children are disproportionately affected with a risk of dying from asthma that is 7.6 times higher than non-Hispanic White children. Racial disparities in childhood asthma are partially attributed to differential exposures to poverty; unsafe and stressful neighborhoods; and unhealthy physical environments. This paper describes the protocol for an ongoing National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Nursing Research-funded descriptive, cross-sectional study to investigate two neighborhood factors that may influence children's asthma...
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Laura E Starbird, Hae-Ra Han, Mark S Sulkowski, Chakra Budhathoki, Nancy R Reynolds, Jason E Farley
Co-infection with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) results in a threefold increase in relative risk of progression to end stage liver disease and cirrhosis compared to HCV alone. Although curative treatments exist, less than one quarter of people with HCV are linked to care, and even fewer have received treatment. The Care2Cure study is a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial to improve the HCV care continuum among people co-infected with HIV. This ongoing study was designed to test whether a nurse case management intervention can (i) improve linkage to HCV care and (ii) decrease time to HCV treatment initiation among 70 adults co-infected with HIV who are not engaged in HCV care...
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Hui-Chen Kuo, Ying Tsao, Hua-You Tu, Zih-Huei Dai, Debra K Creedy
Sleep disturbance is a significant problem affecting around 50% of cancer patients. Non-pharmacological interventions can be used to improve sleep quality in cancer patients, but little is known about the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of auricular point acupressure (APA) to reduce sleep disturbance in women with ovarian cancer undergoing chemotherapy. A pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted at a publicly funded hospital in southern Taiwan. Fifty-five eligible women were approached and 47 women participated...
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Barbara J Polivka, Rodney Folz, John Myers, Russell Barnett, Demetra Antimisiaris, Anna Jorayeva, Bryan Beatty
Success in testing research outcomes requires identification of effective recruitment strategies in the targeted population. In this paper, we present the protocol for our NIH-funded study as well as success rates for the various recruitment strategies employed. This longitudinal observational study is: developing a phenotyping algorithm for asthma in older adults, exploring the effects of the asthma phenotype and of volatile organic compounds on asthma control, and developing a predictive model of asthma quality of life...
August 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
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