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Research in Nursing & Health

Seher Arat, Diederik De Cock, Philip Moons, Joris Vandenberghe, René Westhovens
When individuals become ill, they want to understand and give meaning to their illness. The interpretation of this illness experience, or illness perception, is influenced by a range of individual, contextual, and cultural factors. Some of these factors may be modifiable by nursing interventions. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate which modifiable factors were correlated with illness perceptions across studies of adults with different chronic somatic diseases. Using search terms tailored to each of four electronic databases, studies retrieved were reviewed by two independent evaluators, and each relevant article was assessed for methodological quality...
January 9, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Neil E Peterson, John R Sirard, Pamela A Kulbok, Mark D DeBoer, Jeanne M Erickson
Movement and non-movement behaviors include sleep, sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA). While young adults are generally perceived as healthy, the level and relationship of SB and PA in college-age students has not been greatly explored. The purpose of this study was to objectively measure the levels of SB and PA in 18-20 year-old university students, record their self-reported extracurricular activities, and explore the relationship of all these with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
January 9, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Nancy S Redeker, Monica R Ordway, Nancy Banasiak, Barbara Caldwell, Craig Canapari, Angela Crowley, Ada Fenick, Sangchoon Jeon, Meghan O'Connell, Leslie Sude, Lois S Sadler
Beginning early in life, sleep health, including adequate quality, quantity, and consistent sleep routines, is critical to growth and development, behavior, and mental and physical health. Children who live in economically stressed urban environments are at particular risk for sleep deficiency and its negative consequences. Although efficacious sleep health interventions are available, few address the context of economically stressed urban environments. The purpose of this paper is to describe a two-phase protocol for an ongoing NIH/NINR-funded community-engaged study designed to understand the perspectives of parents, community child care and pediatric health care providers about sleep habits, factors that contribute to sleep and sleep habits, sleep difficulty, and potentially useful sleep promotion strategies among children living in economically stressed urban environments...
December 26, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Mohammad E Bayatpoor, Hamidreza Karimi-Sari, Seyed M Alavian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Nan Smith-Blair, Leanne L Lefler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
David E Vance, Pariya L Fazeli, Andres Azuero, Virginia G Wadley, Michael Jensen, James L Raper
Nearly 50% of adults with HIV have some form of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND), ranging from subtle to symptoms that interfere with everyday functioning and quality of life. HAND is diagnosed when a person performs more than 1 standard deviation below his or her normative mean on standardized measures in two or more cognitive domains (e.g., attention, speed of processing, verbal memory, executive functioning). As adults age with HIV, they are more likely to develop comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and insulin resistance that may further contribute to poorer cognitive functioning and HAND...
December 20, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Franziska Bomba, Henriette Markwart, Holger Mühlan, Ingo Menrath, Gundula Ernst, Ute Thyen, Silke Schmidt
Measuring adolescent patients' engagement in their health care is especially important in preparing for chronically ill adolescents' transition into adult care. In this study, we aimed to create an adolescent version of the German language Patient Activation Measure (PAM-13-D) originally tested in in adults and psychometrically test the adapted measure (PAM® 13 for Adolescents). After linguistic and content-related adaptations, the PAM® 13 for Adolescents was tested in a large sample of adolescents with different chronic conditions (N = 586, mean age 17...
December 20, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Hong Yao, Celia Hoi Yan Chan, Cecilia Lai Wan Chan
The primary goal of this study was to examine and describe the importance of childbearing as perceived by infertile women in the Chinese familial and social context. We adopted a qualitative descriptive method and conducted semi-structured interviews with female patients diagnosed with infertility. Participants were recruited at a high-volume fertility clinic in Tianjin, China. Fifteen women with a diagnosis of infertility were interviewed for 60-90 min. Data were analyzed by thematic analysis. Two themes supported the importance of childbearing for Chinese women with infertility: childbearing as natural law, and childbearing for relational harmony...
November 29, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Lorenza Garrino, Alberto Borraccino, Enrico Peraudo, Marco Bobbio, Valerio Dimonte
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) can reduce unexpected cardiac mortality, but they also have a dramatic impact on a patient's quality of life. We aimed to explore ICD recipients' experiences in order to foster improvements in the quality of care. Analyses were done using a descriptive phenomenological method, based on qualitative interview data from a purposive sample of 20 ICD recipients. Four main themes emerged: living with fear; relying on technology; knowing about the ICD and how to live with it; and coping with the effects of the ICD on daily life...
November 24, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Alessandra Falco, Laura Dal Corso, Damiano Girardi, Alessandro De Carlo, Manola Comar
In this study we examined the association between job demands (JD), job resources (JR), and serum levels of a possible biomarker of stress, the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6). According to the buffer hypothesis of the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, we expected that job resources-defined as job autonomy and social support from supervisor-might buffer the relationship between job demands, defined as emotional demands and interpersonal conflict with colleagues, and IL-6. Data from 119 employees in an Italian public healthcare organization (acute care hospital) were analyzed using multiple regression...
November 23, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong, Fadia AlBuhairan
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors are at high risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), PTSD has been considered a disorder specific to Western culture. There is a lack of reliable and valid measures of PTSD symptomology available in the Arab world, and there is still no clear evidence about the underlying factor structure of PTSD symptomology in the context of IPV. Thus, in the present study we investigated the construct validity (factor structure), internal consistency, and concurrent validity of a translated version of the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version (PCL-C) in a sample of 299 Saudi women who had experienced IPV...
November 11, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Jenny Carryer, Jan Weststrate, Polly Yeung, Vivien Rodgers, Andy Towers, Mark Jones
Pressure injuries, incontinence, malnutrition, and falls are important indicators of the quality of care in healthcare settings, particularly among older people, but there is limited information on their prevalence in New Zealand (NZ). The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of these four problems among older people in nursing home facilities. The cross-sectional study was an analysis of data collected on a single day for the 2016 National Care Indicators Programme-New Zealand (NCIP-NZ). The sample included 276 people ages 65 and older who were residents in 13 nursing home facilities in a geographically diverse area of central NZ...
November 11, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Margaret H Kearney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Nan Smith-Blair, Carolyn Miller Reilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Damali Wilson, Deborah Gross, Stacy Hodgkinson, Kirby Deater-Deckard
Children born to teen mothers may experience less responsive and supportive parenting and are at heightened risk for a range of social, developmental, and health issues. There is literature to support the positive impact of grandmothers on teen parents and their children. However, what if the teen's mother is also limited in her parenting capacities? How do parenting capacities across these two generations of mothers affect the developing child? In this ongoing study we are examining two important aspects of parenting capacities, attachment quality and executive functioning, in teen mothers (TM) and their biological, co- residing mothers or grandmothers (GM or GGM)...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Alla Sikorskii, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, David Victorson, Terry Badger, Thaddeus Pace
In this in-progress sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART), dyads of solid tumor cancer patients and their caregivers are initially randomized to 4 weeks of reflexology or meditative (mindfulness) practices provided by/with their caregiver in the patient's home or to a control group. After 4 weeks, intervention group dyads in which patients do not show improvement in fatigue (non-responders) are re-randomized to either receive additional time with the same therapy during weeks 5-8 or to add the other therapy...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Karen J Foli, Eunjung Lim, Susan C South
Grounded in a theoretical model specific to adoptive parents, we examined the relationship between parental expectations and depressive symptoms across time. Assessments of 129 adoptive parents of 64 children were performed at three time points before and after placement of an adopted child with the family: 4-6 weeks pre-placement and 4-6 weeks and 5-6 months post-placement. Expectations were assessed in four dimensions: expectations of self as parents, of the child, of family and friends, and of society. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Monica R Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Craig A Canapari, Sangchoon Jeon, Nancy S Redeker
Healthy sleep is important to behavioral, neurobiological, and physiologic health. In older children and adults, stress biomarkers, such as cortisol and C-reactive protein, increase when they do not practice healthy sleep habits. However, little is known about the relationships among sleep health, stress, and health outcomes among very young children living with socioeconomic adversity, a group that is particularly at risk for poor future health. The NIH-funded study described in this protocol addresses this scientific gap to improve understanding of these relationships during a critical developmental period in children's lives-toddlerhood...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Kaboni W Gondwe, Rosemary White-Traut, Debra Brandon, Wei Pan, Diane Holditch-Davis
Preterm birth has been associated with greater psychological distress and less positive mother infant interactions than were experienced by mothers of full-term infants. Maternal and infant sociodemographic factors have also shown a strong association with psychological distress and the mother-infant relationship. However, findings on their effects over time are limited. In this longitudinal analysis, we explored the relationship of maternal and infant sociodemographic variables (maternal age, maternal education, marital status, being on social assistance, maternal race, infant birth weight, and infant gender) to maternal psychological distress (depressive, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, parenting stress symptoms, and maternal worry about child's health) through 12 months corrected age for prematurity, and on the home environment, and mother-infant interactions through 6 months corrected age for prematurity...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
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