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Research in Nursing & Health

Souraya Sidani, Dana R Epstein, Mary Fox, Laura Collins
Treatment satisfaction, which refers to the positive appraisal of process and outcome attributes of a treatment, is a prominent indicator of quality care. Although it is known that participant, treatment, and outcome factors influence treatment satisfaction, it remains unclear which factors contribute to satisfaction with each process and outcome attribute. In this study, we examined the extent to which participant (age, gender, education, race, employment), treatment (type of therapy, method of assignment to therapy), and outcome (self-reported improvement in outcome) factors contribute to satisfaction with the process and outcome attributes of therapies for insomnia...
September 17, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Demetrius J Porche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Maxim Topaz, MaryGrace Trifilio, Donna Maloney, Ofrit Bar-Bachar, Kathryn H Bowles
Patient admission to homecare is a complex process. Medicare policy requires that all patients receive a first home visit within 48 hr after the referral is received at the homecare agency. For unstable or high risk patients, waiting 48 hr to be seen by homecare nurses may not be safe. In this pilot study we tested an innovative clinical decision support tool (called PREVENT), designed to identify patients who may need to be prioritized for early homecare visits. The study was conducted in 2016 at a large homecare agency in the Northeastern US with 176 patients admitted to homecare from the hospital...
September 11, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Chloe Gaines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
María Correa-Rodríguez, Emilio González-Jiménez, Blanca Rueda-Medina, María I Tovar-Gálvez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge E Correa-Bautista, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
Dietary inflammatory potential is an established risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events. In this study we analyzed the relation between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and cardiovascular risk factors, based on anthropometric, body composition, blood pressure, and heart rate parameters in children and adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 428 Spanish schoolchildren (mean age 12.32 ± 1.84), whose DII was calculated, based on a 24-hr diet recall over 3 days. Anthropometric measurements were taken, and body composition analyzed by bioelectrical impedance analysis...
August 31, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Jessica K Zègre-Hemsey, Larisa A Burke, Holli A DeVon
Early diagnosis is critical in the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), particularly ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), because effective therapies are time-dependent. Aims of this secondary analysis were to determine: (i) the prognostic value of symptoms for an ACS diagnosis in conjunction with electrocardiographic (ECG) and troponin results; and (ii) if any of 13 symptoms were associated with prehospital delay in those presenting to the emergency department (ED) with potential ACS...
August 31, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Kelli DePriest, Arlene Butz, Deborah Gross
Over 2 million children in the US have uncontrolled asthma. African American children are disproportionately affected with a risk of dying from asthma that is 7.6 times higher than non-Hispanic White children. Racial disparities in childhood asthma are partially attributed to differential exposures to poverty; unsafe and stressful neighborhoods; and unhealthy physical environments. This paper describes the protocol for an ongoing National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Nursing Research-funded descriptive, cross-sectional study to investigate two neighborhood factors that may influence children's asthma...
August 31, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Laura E Starbird, Hae-Ra Han, Mark S Sulkowski, Chakra Budhathoki, Nancy R Reynolds, Jason E Farley
Co-infection with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) results in a threefold increase in relative risk of progression to end stage liver disease and cirrhosis compared to HCV alone. Although curative treatments exist, less than one quarter of people with HCV are linked to care, and even fewer have received treatment. The Care2Cure study is a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial to improve the HCV care continuum among people co-infected with HIV. This ongoing study was designed to test whether a nurse case management intervention can (i) improve linkage to HCV care and (ii) decrease time to HCV treatment initiation among 70 adults co-infected with HIV who are not engaged in HCV care...
August 28, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Jordan R Murphy, Sudeshna Paul, Anne L Dunlop, Elizabeth J Corwin
Postpartum depression is a relatively common occurrence that may carry lifelong consequences. Also common is the exposure of pregnant and postpartum women in the United States to antibiotics, especially during the peripartum period. Antibiotic exposure is known to alter gut microbial composition and structure, contributing to a dysbiotic, or imbalanced gut microbiome, and is a mechanism suggested for the increased risk of depressive symptoms following antibiotic exposure in non-pregnant, non-postpartum populations...
July 19, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Hui-Chen Kuo, Ying Tsao, Hua-You Tu, Zih-Huei Dai, Debra K Creedy
Sleep disturbance is a significant problem affecting around 50% of cancer patients. Non-pharmacological interventions can be used to improve sleep quality in cancer patients, but little is known about the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of auricular point acupressure (APA) to reduce sleep disturbance in women with ovarian cancer undergoing chemotherapy. A pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted at a publicly funded hospital in southern Taiwan. Fifty-five eligible women were approached and 47 women participated...
July 19, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Emily Haesler, Keryln Carville, Paul Haesler
Pressure injuries are a significant health concern in all clinical settings. The current body of research on pressure injuries reported in the literature presents primarily low level evidence. The purpose of the current study was to identify and prioritize pressure injury research issues. The approach entailed evidence scoping and implementing a formal consensus process using a modified nominal group technique based on the Research and Development/University of California at Los Angeles appropriateness method...
June 8, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Marya T Schulte, William D Marelich, Diana L Payne, Nicholas Tarantino, Lisa P Armistead, Debra A Murphy
Anxiety symptoms related to health are often present in populations coping with chronic illness, and among women living with HIV (WLWH), anxiety has been linked to a range of negative outcomes. This paper describes the validation of a four-item instrument designed to measure health-related anxiety (HRA) in WLWH by assessing the impact of thinking about HIV status and health on difficulty sleeping, lack of appetite, reduced desire to socialize, and difficulty concentrating at school or work. The scale was administered to 238 adult WLWH across three studies...
June 4, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Yan Wu, Jing Zheng, Ke Liu, Judith G Baggs, Jiali Liu, Xu Liu, Liming You
Occupational hazards (OHs) and occupational injuries (OIs) may contribute to nurses needing sick time and to a high financial burden for hospitals. There is little published literature about nurse-reported OHs/OIs and their relationships with work environments and working overtime in China. This study was designed to describe Chinese hospital registered nurses' OHs/OIs and to explore the associations between work environments, working overtime, and nurse-reported OHs/OIs. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Guangdong province in China in 2014...
June 4, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Sabine Kaiser, Joshua Patras, Monica Martinussen
The aim of this meta-analysis of studies of workers in the health and social care sector was to examine the relationship between interprofessional work and employee outcomes of job stress, autonomy, burnout, engagement, job satisfaction, turnover intention, and perceived service quality, and to examine the influence of different moderators on those relationships. A systematic literature search of the PsycInfo, Embase, Medline, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases was conducted to identify relevant articles...
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Demetrius J Porche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Dawn M Aycock, Matthew J Hayat, Ashley Helvig, Sandra B Dunbar, Patricia C Clark
Attention control groups strengthen randomized controlled trials of behavioral interventions, but researchers need to give careful consideration to the attention control activities. A comparative effectiveness research framework provides an ideal opportunity for an attention control group as a supplement to standard care, so participants potentially receive benefit regardless of group assignment. The anticipated benefit of the control condition must be independent of the study outcome. Resources needed for attention control activities need to be carefully considered and ethical considerations carefully weighed...
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Phyllis B Whitehead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Kristen E Pecanac
Good communication is essential in patient-centered care. The purpose of this paper is to describe conversation analysis and event sequencing and explain how integrating these methods strengthened the analysis in a study of communication between clinicians and surrogate decision makers in an intensive care unit. Conversation analysis was first used to determine how clinicians introduced the need for decision-making regarding life-sustaining treatment and how surrogate decision makers responded. Event sequence analysis then was used to determine the transitional probability (probability of one event leading to another in the interaction) that a given type of clinician introduction would lead to surrogate resistance or alignment...
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Hsiang-Yun Lan, Luke Yang, Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Ti Yin, Yue-Cune Chang, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
Sleep is important for preterm infants' brain development, but they are frequently exposed to painful procedures in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that disturb their sleep cycle and affect their growth. The purpose of this study was to examine the prolonged effects of a supportive care bundle (modulation of the infants' states, non-nutritive sucking, facilitated tucking, and oral sucrose feeding) on preterm infants' sleep variables (sleep efficiency, total sleep time, sleep latency, and frequency of wake bouts) during hospitalization...
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Sophia H Hu, Yeu-Hui Chuang, Yeh-Feng Ting, Kuan-Yu Lin, Chia-Jung Hsieh
The investigators aimed to explore the prevalence of depressive symptoms and associated factors among older residents with intact cognitive function in nursing homes in Taiwan. A cross-sectional descriptive and correlational research design was used. A convenience sample of 178 older residents without cognitive impairment was recruited from 36 nursing homes in Southern Taiwan. The questionnaires included demographic data; the Barthel Index, which assesses the ability to perform activities of daily living; and the Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form...
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
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