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Research in Nursing & Health

Yi-Ching Wang, Li-Chiou Chen, Yi-Ching Tung, Chien-Chang Lee, Shao-Yu Tsai
Adequate physical activity is associated with improved sleep in adults. Such associations, however, vary greatly across studies in pediatric populations, with no studies involving infants found in the literature. This prospective observational study was designed, therefore, to examine the association between physical activity and sleep patterns in infants. A total of 183 healthy infants aged 6 months wore an actigraph for 7 days to measure physical activity and sleep. Parents and caregivers completed a sleep-activity diary over the same period documenting the different types of infant activities...
January 8, 2019: Research in Nursing & Health
Catherine A Chesla, Kevin M Chun, Christine M L Kwan
Support in couples living with type 2 diabetes is associated with better health outcomes but support provision in collectivistic cultures has received limited research attention. To address this gap, we focused on couple dynamics and support in type 2 diabetes in U.S.-born Chinese Americans. Acculturation processes, particularly biculturalism, that is, the capacity to enact habits and practices from both the heritage and U.S. mainstream culture, were explored. Employing interpretive phenomenological methods, we conducted multiple narrative interviews with each of 15 couples regarding illness challenges and couple responses...
January 8, 2019: Research in Nursing & Health
Margaret H Kearney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Research in Nursing & Health
Chen Lai, Ansley G Stanfill, Xuemin Zhang, Ann K Cashion
Obesity and its related complications continue to be significant challenges for kidney transplant recipients. In previous studies, researchers have reported that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is closely associated with metabolic imbalance and obesity, but the role of BDNF in weight gain after kidney transplant has not been elucidated. The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the relationship between plasma BDNF levels and weight change. We examined associations between plasma BDNF levels measured at transplantation and 12 months later and measures of weight change during these 12 months in a sample of 55 kidney recipients (mean age of 48 years, 60% male, 56% African American)...
December 4, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Marliese Dion Nist, Tondi M Harrison, Deborah K Steward
The biological embedding of early life stress exposure may result in life-long neurodevelopmental impairment in preterm infants. Infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit are exposed to significant experiential, environmental, and physiologic stressors over the course of their extended hospitalization. Stress exposure during the sensitive period of brain development may alter biological processes, including functioning of the immune system, the autonomic nervous system, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis as well as gene expression...
November 29, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Emma Ohlsson-Nevo, Jan Karlsson
Felt stigma is an internalized sense of shame about having an unwanted condition, along with fear of discrimination. The Stigma-related Social Problems (SSP) scale was constructed to measure the impact of health-related stigma on psychosocial functioning in people with different diseases and disorders. The performance of the SSP scale was tested in 3,422 subjects from the general population (Mid-Swed Health Survey) and in subgroups according to gender, age, occupation, and education. The homogeneity and construct validity of the Distress and Avoidance scales were confirmed by exploratory factor analysis and the two factors were accurately reproduced across gender and age subgroups...
November 29, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Mariana Ortiz-Piña, Zeus Salas-Fariña, Marta Mora-Traverso, Lydia Martín-Martín, Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Inmaculada García-Montes, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Antonio Mesa-Ruíz, Yolanda Castellote-Caballero, Susana Salazar-Graván, Lise Kronborg, Miguel Martín-Matillas, Patrocinio Ariza-Vega
Home-based tele-rehabilitation programs are under development and may be a future option for some patients. The objectives of this non-randomized clinical trial are to design a home-based multidisciplinary tele-rehabilitation protocol for patients with hip fracture, and to compare this protocol versus the home-based usual outpatient rehabilitation protocol. Seventy patients treated for an acute hip fracture, aged 65 years or older, with a high pre-fracture functional level (Functional Independence Measure score >90), without severe cognitive impairment, absence of terminal disease, discharged to their own home or a relativés home postoperatively, allowed weight-bearing, and with signed informed consent, will be allocated into a tele-rehabilitation group (n = 35) or a control group (n = 35)...
November 16, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Khitam I Mohammad, Doaa Abu Awad, Debra K Creedy, Jenny Gamble
Postpartum depression (PPD) is recognized as a common maternal health problem, but few studies have investigated the postpartum mental health of refugee women. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the prevalence of PPD symptoms and associated factors among Syrian refugee women living in north Jordan. Women (N = 365) were recruited from four health care centers in Ramtha and Jarash, cities in northern Jordan. Participants completed a demographic data form, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and the Maternal Social Support Scale at 6-8 weeks postpartum...
November 15, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Qiaoqin Wan, Weijiao Zhou, Zhaoyang Li, Shaomei Shang
Work engagement of nurses has a great effect on their productivity, patient outcomes, and organizational performance. It is important to explore what can be done to facilitate nurse engagement. In this study, we surveyed a total of 1,065 nurses chosen from seven hospitals in China by random cluster sampling to explore the state of nurse engagement and its associations with organizational justice and job characteristics. The mean score for nurse engagement was 3.5 (SD = 1.5) on a 0-6 scale, and in hierarchical multiple regression analyses we found that nurse engagement had statistically significant relationships with the two organizational justice dimensions of distributive justice (β = 0...
November 12, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Kaitlyn Rechenberg, Margaret Grey, Lois Sadler
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is one of the most common chronic health conditions in youth in the United States, and its incidence is rising worldwide. Youth with T1D are at a high risk of psychological comorbidity, for example, anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. Psychological comorbidities, especially anxiety symptoms, have been correlated with poorer diabetes outcomes, but anxiety symptoms have not been well studied in these youth. The primary aim of this study was to describe the experience of anxiety symptoms in youth with T1D, especially as those symptoms relate to diabetes self-management tasks...
October 30, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Jennifer R Mammen, Corey R Mammen
Mind mapping is a visual-spatial method of representing information using nodes (information segments) to show ideas and connecting lines to define relationships between content. As a critical thinking tool, it is applicable to a range of research activities, including information management, project development, and data analysis. The purposes of this manuscript are to describe the use of mapping for qualitative data analysis, provide step-by-step instructions of how to construct mind maps, and present examples specific to qualitative data analysis...
December 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Amanda Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Demetrius J Porche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Stacy M Fischer, Sung-Joon Min, Adam Atherly, Danielle M Kline, Wendolyn S Gozansky, John Himberger, Joseph Lopez, Kathleen Lester, Regina M Fink
Latinos are more likely to experience uncontrolled pain, and institutional death, and are less likely to engage in advance care planning. Efforts to increase access to palliative care must maximize primary palliative care and community based models to meet the ever-growing need in a culturally sensitive and congruent manner. Patient navigator interventions are community-based, culturally tailored models of care that have been successfully implemented to improve disease prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment...
October 10, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Nastasja Robstad, Frank Siebler, Ulrika Söderhamn, Thomas Westergren, Liv Fegran
The purpose of this pilot study was to design and test research instruments to measure qualified intensive care nurses' implicit and explicit attitudes and behavioral intentions toward obese intensive care patients. In previous studies researchers have demonstrated that some health professionals hold negative attitudes toward obese patients; however, little is known about qualified intensive care nurses' attitudes toward these patients. Our cross-sectional pilot study involved Implicit Association Tests, the Anti-fat Attitude questionnaire, an explicit bias scale comprising ratings of explicit beliefs and feelings, assessment of behavioral intentions based on vignettes, and demographic questions...
October 10, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Shu-Li Lee, Bai-Hsiun Chen, Siew-Lee Wong, Shu-Chen Chang, Meng-Che Tsai, Ruey-Hsia Wang
Self-management among adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is poorer than in other age groups during childhood. A valid and reliable short-form scale to measure self-management in adolescents with T1D is prudent for enhancing their self-management in clinical settings. We used a cross-sectional design to develop a short-form Chinese version of the Self-Management of Type 1 Diabetes for Adolescents Scale (C-SMOD-A) and test its psychometric characteristics. Two hundred adolescents with T1D were recruited from four hospitals in Taiwan through convenience sampling...
October 3, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Cindy L Munro, Zhan Liang, Paula Cairns, Lucia Hamilton, Xusheng Chen, Kevin Kip
The optimal frequency of tooth brushing in the critically ill has not been experimentally determined. For mechanically ventilated patients, optimal frequency of tooth brushing is an important unresolved issue as there is little evidence to judge the benefits or associated risks of tooth brushing. Given this knowledge gap, the project's overall goal is to determine the optimal frequency of tooth brushing (once, twice, or three times daily) for mechanically ventilated adults. A prospective, randomized, experimental design is used...
October 3, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Rachel Jones, Donald R Hoover
For women, the high-risk sex script of condomless sex to maintain relationships with men is concerning, particularly in regard to heterosexual HIV acquisition. This secondary analysis of data from a clinical trial evaluated the effect of a 12-episode, web-based video series intervention, entitled Love, Sex, and Choices, versus a text message control on lowering the high-risk sex script. The sample comprised 238 predominately urban Black women, ages 18-29, having HIV sex risk behavior. Data were collected at baseline and 6 months post-intervention...
October 3, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
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