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Pathology, Research and Practice

Bharat Rekhi, Omshree Shetty, Parul Tripathi, Prachi Bapat, Mukta Ramadwar, Jyoti Bajpai, Ajay Puri
A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is characterized by a diverse clinicopathologic spectrum. Recent studies have unraveled STAT6 as a useful diagnostic immunohistochemical (IHC) marker for a SFT and NAB2-STAT6 as its specific gene fusion transcript. Thirty-three SFTs were tested for STAT6 immunostaining by polymer detection technique. STAT6 immunoexpression was further graded, based on intensity (mild, moderate and strong) and percentage of immunopositive tumor cells, ranging from 1 to 25%(1+); 26-50%(2+); 51-75%(3+) and in more than 75%(4+) tumor nuclei...
August 26, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Feng-Qin Wang, Yan Han, WenJuan Yao, Jing Yu
Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies in the world. Tripartite motif containing 24 (TRIM24) is a member of the TRIM protein family and a coregulator for multiple nuclear receptors. Altered expression of TRIM24 has been shown in a spectrum of human cancers. However, the clinical role of TRIM24 in colorectal cancer remains unknown. Here, gene expression data in colorectal cancer and normal tissues were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Western blotting analysis was conducted to compare TRIM24 expression between colorectal cancer and non-cancerous tissues...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Wan-Juan Song, Yu Dong, Cheng Luo, Yuan-Yuan Chen
This study was to identify the biomarkers for the malignancy and poor prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer. The protein expression of p38MAPK family isoform p38α (p38α) and activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2) was measured in 120 ovarian serous adenocarcinomas and 34 normal fallopian tubes using immunohistochemistry. Stable OV-90 cells expressing p38α and ATF2 inhibitor were established using shRNA lentivirus. Cell proliferation, invasion, and migration were analyzed in vitro. Tumor growth and chemosensitivity were investigated in xenograft tumor models...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Jiangtao Hou, Xueying Hu, Bin Chen, Xu Chen, Lina Zhao, Zhuoqun Chen, Fengbin Liu, Zhihui Liu
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affecting millions of people worldwide. miR-155 has been reported to be upregulated in various inflammatory diseases and is a positive regulator of the T-cell response. IL-17 secreting helper T (Th17) cells have been heavily implicated in tissue-specific immune pathology, including UC. METHODS AND RESULTS: Therefore, we targeted miR-155 and investigated its expression levels in a DSS-induced UC mouse model, revealing increased expression...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Yanfang Yang, Zhansheng Jiang, Bin Wang, Lili Chang, Jun Liu, Lina Zhang, Lin Gu
STIM1 has been confirmed a key role involving in breast cancer proliferation and metastasis in vitro studies and its value in breast cancer patients is still to be defined. In this study, we investigate the correlation between STIM1 expressions with clinicopathologic features and prognosis quantified by disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). To assess STIM1 expression, we conducted immunohistochemistry assays using breast cancer tissues encompassing a total of 165 breast cancer cases with detailed follow-up data and 40 cases of matched samples including cancer and adjacent normal tissues...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Fang Luan, Bin Liu, Junguo Zhang, Shiqing Cheng, Bingchang Zhang, Yong Wang
BACKGROUND: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and Glypican 3 (GPC3) are both oncogenes and reactivated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PreS2 has been proved to be an important transactivator in HCC. In this study, we aim to provide evidence that HBV protein preS2 is responsible for AFP and GPC3's reactivation in HCC. METHODS: Totally Sixty-three cases of HCC, aged 34-79, who were surgically treated and pathologically confirmed were enrolled. The levels of AFP in peripheral serum were detected with electrochemical luminescence method before surgery...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Isidro Machado, Akihiko Yoshida, José Antonio López-Guerrero, María Gema Nieto, Samuel Navarro, Piero Picci, Antonio Llombart-Bosch
Ewing sarcoma is an aggressive neoplasm of pediatric and adolescent patients. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) can be used to support the morphologic diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT) in a convincing clinical/radiological context. Although neither NKX2.2 nor CD99 alone are entirely specific, when combined, the diagnostic specificity is high. The aim of the present study was to investigate the IHC expression of NKX2.2, ETV4 and BCOR in a large series of genetically confirmed ESFT. The results for CD99 and CAV-1 immunoreactivity, and the histological and fusion gene subtypes were retrieved from our previous study...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Caifeng Luo, Fengying Sun, Hong Zhu, Ying Ni, Jian Fang, Yun Liu, Shihe Shao, Hongxing Shen, Jianpeng Hu
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), a secreted protein, implicated of various cells in mediating the proliferation, migration, invasion, adhesion, survival and so on. In this study, we assessed the expression and release of IGFBP-1 from gastric cancer cells with H. pylori 26695 infection and the biological functions of IGFBP-1 in gastric cancer cells. The results showed that the expression and release of IGFBP-1 were increased in gastric cancer cells (MGC-803, BGC-823, SGC-7901) infected with H...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Hyoun Wook Lee, Kyungeun Kim
BACKGROUND: As more endoscopic resections are performed in early gastric cancer, the pretreatment prediction of lymph node metastasis (LNM) becomes more important. Some tumor characteristics including histologic type, invasion depth, ulceration, size, and lymphovascular invasion have been used to determine the endoscopic resectability of early gastric cancer; however, a more detailed analysis between clinicopathologic factors and lymph node metastasis is needed. METHODS: We analyzed the correlation between the clinicopathological findings and LNM with 310 cases of early gastric cancer by dividing invasion depths in detail...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
T B de Lima, A H R Paz, P V Rados, R Leonardi, P Bufo, M C Pedicillo, A Santoro, S Cagiano, G Aquino, G Botti, G Pannone, F Visioli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of autophagy in oral leukoplakia and squamous cell carcinoma and to correlate with clinical pathological features, as well as, the evolution of these lesions. METHODOLOGY: 7 Normal oral mucosa, 51 oral leukoplakias, and 120 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) were included in the study. Histological sections of the mucosa and leukoplakias were evaluated throughout their length, while the carcinomas were evaluated using Tissue Microarray...
August 5, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Minhua Li, Weiping Zheng, Jianguo Wei, Chuanling Hou, Ye Yang, Liping Sun, Cheng Wang
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) expression is widely considered a specific marker for lung and thyroid carcinomas and plays an important role in angiogenesis in lung cancer. However, it can occasionally be expressed in other malignancies, including ovarian carcinomas, and the mechanism of TTF-1 in lymphatic metastasis of ovarian carcinomas is still unclear. This study aimed to define the TTF-1 expression and lymph vessel density (LVD) in ovarian carcinomas and look for their correlations with clinicopathological features...
August 1, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Karina Munhoz de Paula Alves Coelho, Jaqueline Stall, Hercílio Fronza Júnior, Rodrigo Blasius, Paulo Henrique Condeixa de França
AIM: Malignant melanoma is an aggressive disease and its incidence is increasing worldwide. Genetic predisposition and exposure to environmental factors, especially sunlight, are risk factors. Histopathologic distinction between nevi and melanomas can be difficult. It is anticipated that the evaluation of the immunohistochemical expression of some genes could contribute to the differential diagnosis of questionable histologically lesions. The objective of this study was to investigate wether the evaluation of the immunohistochemical expression of genes CADM1, TWIST1 and CDH1 (E-cadherin), that take part in mechanisms of cell adhesion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, contributes to the differential diagnosis of melanocytic lesions difficult to diagnose...
August 1, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Xuefeng He, Xiang Ding, Duangai Wen, Jianquan Hou, Jigen Ping, Jun He
OBJECTIVES: In our previous study, we displayed that knockdown of Opa interacting protein 5 (OIP5) inhibited cell growth, disturbed cell cycle and increased cell apoptosis in bladder cancer (BC) cell line. Our present study aimed to explore the underlying pathways and interaction network involved in the roles of OIP5 in BC. METHODS: Microarray analysis was conducted to obtain mRNA expression profiling of OIP5 knockdown (shOIP5) and control (shCtrl) BC cell lines...
August 1, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Francesco Pierconti, Patrizia Straccia, Sacco Emilio, Pier Francesco Bassi, Ivana De Pascalis, Rita C Marques, Metka Volavsek, Luigi M Larocca, Antonio Lopez-Beltran
The treatment of non muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) encompasses a range of different procedures. Electromotive drug administration (EMDA) and chemo-hyperthermia (C-HT; Synergo) represent a minimally-invasive methods of intravesical instillation of therapeutic agents as mitomycin C (MMC). We selected patients with high grade NMIBC, BCG non responder, treated with EMDA/MMC and C-HT/MMC and we also examined the morphological changes in urine cytology samples. During the period from 2012 to 2014, 110 patients with high grade NMIBC, BCG refractory were selected...
August 1, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Hong-Bing Zhao, Xi-Feng Zhang, Xue-Lin Jia, Hao-Bin Wang
Growth factor receptor bound protein-7 (Grb7) is a multi-domain adaptor protein that is co-opted by numerous tyrosine kinases involved in various cellular signaling. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression of Grb7 and its clinicopathological significance in cervical cancer. Utilising immunohistochemical staining, we examined the expression of Grb7 in 120 cases of human cervical cancer tissue and 10 cases of adjacent non-cancerous cervical tissue. The positive rate of Grb7 protein expression was 34...
July 26, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Pragya Sharma, Tripti Nakra, Gaurav Khanna, Rajni Yadav, Rajesh Panwar, Madhusudhan Ks, Khushbu Khetan, Nihar R Dash, Sujoy Pal, Peush Sahni, Siddhartha Datta Gupta, Prasenjit Das
INTRODUCTION: Heterotopic pancreas (HP) has rarely been identified in the wall of choledochal cyst (CC). METHODS: Retrospectively we screened 200 excised specimens of CC received at our Institute over a period of last eight years and looked for presence of HP rests in them. All the specimens were processed in their entirety. RESULT: HP was identified in the wall of 13 (6.5%) CCs, out of which 11 were Heinrich Type 2, and two were Heinrich Type 1...
July 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Hae Yoon Grace Choung, Monika Vyas, Daniel Jacoby, Brian West
A 26year old east African professional athlete presented to the obstetric clinic for a routine visit at 36 weeks gestation. She had a history of Right Ventricular Outflow Tract - Ventricular Tachycardia (RVOT-VT) with an episode of cardiac arrest in the past, and had been treated with ablation 4 years earlier. Her current visit was uneventful, her pregnancy progressing normally. Following the visit she went to a local restaurant where she suffered a cardiac arrest that was unresponsive to therapy. Chest compressions were continued from the time of her collapse until an emergency caesarian section was performed, delivering a healthy female infant...
July 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Laura Banias, Simona Gurzu, Zsolt Kovacs, Tivadar Bara, Tivadar Bara, Ioan Jung
AIM: To evaluate the maspin expression in colorectal carcinomas (CRC) and its possible role in quantification of the tumor budding. METHODS: The tumor budding was prospectively quantified in 49 consecutive cases of patients that underwent surgical resection for CRC. The cases were divided in two groups: group A (n=23) - low budding (<5 tumor buds per high microscopic field) and group B (n=26) - high budding CRCs (≥5 buds). Maspin expression was evaluated in the tumor core and the buds from the hot spot area in 44 of the microsatellite stable adenocarcinomas...
July 24, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Jasmina Rajc, Damir Gugić, Irena Fröhlich, Ksenija Marjanović, Boris Dumenčić
Nectins are Ca2(+)-independent immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily proteins that participate in the organization of epithelial and endothelial junctions and regulate several cellular activities including the entry of some viruses. Nectin-4 has recently been shown as a metastasis-associated protein in several cancers. In the following study, we have evaluated the expression of Nectin-4 inthe luminal B HER2 negative subtype breast cancer. The study group consisted of 147 patients presenting with primary unilateral breast carcinoma with no evidence of distant metastases...
July 24, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Shanshan Huang, Xiong Chen, Jiawei Zheng, Yufang Huang, Li Song, Yin Yin, Jianping Xiong
SIRT3, an important mitochondrial protein, may act as either an oncogene or tumor suppressor depending on the tumor-type. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of SIRT3 in pancreatic carcinoma (PC) and its clinical association in PC patients. Immunohistochemistry was adopted to investigate the expression of SIRT3 in cancer and corrresponding adjacent non-cancer tissues across 79 patients with PC. The log-rank test and Cox hazard model were used to estimate the relationship between SIRT3 expression and prognosis...
July 23, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
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