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Pathology, Research and Practice

Marco Aurélio Petroni Montezuma, Felipe Paiva Fonseca, Bernar Monteiro Benites, Ciro Dantas Soares, Gleyson Kleber do Amaral-Silva, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Fernando Augusto Soares, Rosana Lima Pagano, Eduardo Rodrigues Fregnani
Ameloblastoma is a locally aggressive neoplasm with a poorly understood pathogenesis. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate whether COX-2 expression is associated with ameloblastoma microvascular density (MVD) and with tumor aggressiveness. Sixty-three cases of primary ameloblastomas arranged in tissue microarray were submitted to immunohistochemistry against cyclooxigenase-2 (COX-2) and CD34. Clinicopathological parameters regarding sex, age, tumour size, tumour duration, tumour location, treatment, recurrences, radiographic features, vestibular/lingual and basal cortical disruption and follow-up data were obtained from patients' medical records and correlated with the proteins expression...
March 15, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Dehua Wang, Darren Marshall, Gruschen Veldtman, Anita Gupta, Andrew T Trout, Juan Villafane, Kevin Bove
Hepatic dysfunction, including development of hepatocellular carcinoma and other liver lesions has been increasingly reported following Fontan procedure for congenital heart disease. We report a unique case of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma 28 years after a Fontan procedure in a 31year old female with heterotaxy syndrome. The subcapsular mass-forming tumor was composed of poorly differentiated tumor cells arranged in small vague glandular or slit-lumen nests, and focally fused or anastomosing large trabecular patterns within the prominent fibrotic stroma...
March 15, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Francesco Pierconti, Patrizia Straccia, Sacco Emilio, Pier Francesco Bassi, Ivana De Pascalis, Rita C Marques, Metka Volavsek, Luigi M Larocca, Antonio Lopez-Beltran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Jun Zhang, Tiemei Zhang, Nan Wu, Xinhua Zhao, Qingsong Wang, Yanyang Jiang, Ming Gao, Lin Gu
BACKGROUND: Intracystic papillary carcinoma (IPC) is a rare breast neoplasm. There are few studies focusing on its clinical features and limited data about its preoperative diagnosis,treatment and outcomes. The purpose of this study is to explore specific characteristics of patients with IPC, investigate its clinicopathological features, prognosis in China and confirm its surgery management. METHODS: We identified 111 patients with IPC from the registry of Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital between 2004 and 2017...
March 8, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Xin-Yu Yao, Jing-Dong Zhou, Jing Yang, Wei Zhang, Ji-Chun Ma, Xiang-Mei Wen, Dong-Ming Yao, Zi-Jun Xu, De-Hong Wu, Pin-Fang He, Jun Qian, Jiang Lin
BACKGROUND: Somatic mutations in SETBP1 gene have recently been detected in hematologic malignancies. The present study aimed to explore the frequency and clinical correlations of SETBP1 mutations in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). METHODS: In this study, we used high-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) to detect the SETBP1 mutations in a cohort of 363 patients with AML or MDS. RESULTS: A total of 1...
March 7, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Yanbo Liu, Xuemei Sun, Xiaohui Zhao, Liping An, Zhuxing Wang, Jing Jiang, Weigao Shen, Xueliang Yang, Ying Sun
The research aimed to investigate secretion, expression and location of IL-17 relative ligands, IL-17 relative receptors, infiltrating inflammatory cells and parenchymal structural cells in colorectal cancer (CRC) compared with ulcerative colitis (UC) and benign hyperplastic polyp. 29 human intestinal tissues with CRC, 17 with UC and 7 with polyp were stained using immunohistochemistry to evaluate immunoreactivity for IL-17 family relative ligands including IL-17A, E, F and their respective relative receptors such as IL-17RA, IL-17RB and IL-17RC...
March 7, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Li Gao, Li-Jie Zhang, Sheng-Hua Li, Li-Li Wei, Bin Luo, Rong-Quan He, Shuang Xia
BACKGROUND: MiR-452-5p has been reported to be down-regulated in prostate cancer, affecting the development of this type of cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of miR-452-5p in prostate cancer remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the network of target genes of miR-452-5p in prostate cancer using bioinformatics analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We first analyzed the expression profiles and prognostic value of miR-452-5p in prostate cancer tissues from a public database...
March 6, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Akihiro Miura, Taisuke Mori, Akihiko Yoshida, Yukio Watanabe, Kuniko Sunami, Shunichi Watanabe, Takashi Kohno, Koji Tsuta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Yasuhiro Kinugawa, Takeshi Uehara, Kazuyuki Matsuda, Yukihiro Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Nakajima, Hideaki Hamano, Shigeyuki Kawa, Kayoko Higuchi, Noriko Hosaka, Satoshi Shiozawa, Hiroki Ishigame, Toshitsugu Nakamura, Yasuhiro Maruyama, Koh Nakazawa, Masato Nakaguro, Kenji Sano, Hiroyoshi Ota
The relationship between methylation abnormality and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP)-a representative IgG4-related disease-has not yet been elucidated. We identified SKI might have a significant methylation abnormality in AIP through methylation array analysis using the Illumina Infinium Human Methylation 450K BeadChip array, and investigated the relationship of SKI with AIP clinicopathological features. The methylation rate of SKI was assessed by quantitative SYBR green methylation-specific PCR, and the degree of SKI expression in tissue specimens was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 10 AIP cases, 14 cases of obstructive pancreatitis area in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) without a history of AIP, and 9 normal pancreas (NP) cases...
March 6, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Panpan Li, Hexuan Yin, Fanling Meng, Shuang Liu, Haixia Liu, Rong Ma
BACKGROUND: Tripartite motif-containing protein 44 (TRIM44) has been recently identified as a novel oncogene that is overexpressed in several types of human cancers; however, its role in endometrial cancer (EC) remains unknown. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the TRIM44 protein expression and clinicopathological significance of TRIM44 in EC. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded surgical specimens were collected from 143 patients with EC for the immunohistochemical analysis of TRIM44 expression...
March 6, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Xiaoqing Shi, Huifang Jin, Mengle Peng, Bingjie Li, Mingcong She, Tao Zhu, Shuang Wen, Dongchun Qin
The association between polymorphisms in the nucleoside diphosphate kinase 1 (NME1) gene and overall risk of cancer remains to be elucidated. Here, we performed a meta-analysis of the association between rs16949649, rs2302254, and rs34214448 polymorphisms in the NME1 gene and cancer risk. PubMed, Web of Science, and CNKI databases (as of June 6, 2017) were searched. Eight studies, encompassing 1644 cases and 2038 controls, were selected. The results revealed no significant relationship between NME1 polymorphisms and overall cancer susceptibility...
March 6, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Mee Sook Roh, Hyoun Wook Lee, Sang Bong Jung, Kyungeun Kim, Eun Hee Lee, Moon-Il Park, Jae Seok Lee, Mee-Seon Kim
MicroRNA-200c (miR-200c) is known to play a pivotal role in the regulation of epithelial-to-mesenchymal and mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition processes. However, the biological function of miR-200c in human carcinogenesis remains controversial. We examined the association of miR-200c expression with various clinicopathological factors, including KRAS mutation status and survival, in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The expression level of miR-200c was evaluated in 109 paired CRC and normal tissue samples using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...
February 26, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Bo-Sung Kim, Jin Kuk Kim, Chang Hyun Kang, Young Tae Kim, Kyeong Cheon Jung, Jae-Kyung Won
Type B3 thymoma and thymic squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) often cause a diagnostic problem due to their histological similarities. The aim of this study is to identify EZH2 as a novel and powerful biomarker that can effectively distinguish thymic SqCC from type B3 thymoma, and find optimal combinations among 11 markers. A total of 53 patients, comprising 26 with type B3 thymoma and 27 with thymic SqCC, were allocated to the discovery or validation cohorts, and immunohistochemical staining was performed and analyzed...
February 24, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Tian-Tian Li, Xiang Gao, Li Gao, Bin-Liang Gan, Zu-Cheng Xie, Jing-Jing Zeng, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: It is generally acknowledged that miRNAs play pivotal roles in the initiation and development of cancer. The aim of the current study is to investigate the clinicopathological role of miR-136-5p in lung adenocarcinoma and its underlying molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of a cohort of 1242 samples were provided by the Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas to evaluate miR-136-5p expression in lung adenocarcinoma. A comprehensive meta-analysis integrating the expression data from all sources was performed, followed by a summary receiver operating curve plotted to appraise the upregulated expression of miR-136-5p in lung adenocarcinoma...
February 22, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Weihua Hou, Ping Wei, Jianlan Xie, Yuanyuan Zheng, Yanlin Zhang, Xiaoge Zhou
This study concerning mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) investigated retrospectively an association between patient prognosis and the percentage of the total number of lymphoma cells found in the follicular dendritic cell (FDC) meshwork, that is, the degree of overlap of lymphoma cells. Two hundred and nine MCL patients were apportioned to grades I-III, in which the CD21-positive FDC meshwork covered ≤50%, 51%-89%, and ≥90% of the tumor area, respectively. Significant differences among the grades (all, P < 0...
February 21, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Yalan Bi, Yang Qu, Zhiyong Liang, Zichen Liu, Hui Zhang, Xiaolong Liang, Yufeng Luo, Jinling Cao, Haiqing Zhang, Ruie Feng
OBJECTIVE: The definition of large cell lung carcinoma (LCC) has undergone an extensive modification in the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification (2015). Present study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of patients diagnosed as LCC according to current WHO criteria. METHODS: LCCs diagnosed based on the previous WHO classification were reevaluated, and 17 cases of LCC were finally identified at Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Beijing Chest Hospital between 2009 and 2015...
February 14, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Gi Jeong Kim, Dong-Hoon Kim, Kyueng-Whan Min, Young Hwan Kim, Young Ha Oh
PURPOSE: Decreased expression of p27kip1 and p57kip2 is considered as a prognostic indicator in patients with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. Previous in vitro studies have reported that reduced expression of p27kip1 and p57kip2 is associated with resistance to taxane, which is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents. In this study, we investigated the association of low p27kip1 and p57kip2 expression with outcomes in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: We investigated 226 cases of breast cancer from Kangbuk SMC between 2000 and 2005...
February 14, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Soon Auck Hong, Si-Hyong Jang, Mee-Hye Oh, Sung Joon Kim, Jin-Hyung Kang, Sook-Hee Hong
EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI) is approved as first-line treatment for advanced-stage EGFR mutant lung adenocarcinoma (LADC). Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1), a main effector of the Hippo pathway, is associated with adverse prognosis and disruption of EGFR TKI modulation of non-small cell lung cancer. In this study, we demonstrated a prognostic role of YAP1 in EGFR mutant LADC and efficacy of EGFR TKI therapy. A total of 63 patients, including 41 with paired lung cancer specimens before and after EGFR TKI therapy and 22 with non-paired lung cancer specimens prior to EGFR TKI, were enrolled for examination...
February 3, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Wei Jing, Xiaogai Li, Ruoyu Peng, Shaogang Lv, Yan Zhang, Zheng Cao, Jiancheng Tu, Liang Ming
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common malignant endocrine-related cancer with an increasing trend worldwide. Therefore, it's in urgent need to find new markers for prognosis and diagnosis. Many long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be aberrantly expressed in TC, and may serve as biomarkers. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to systematically summarize the relationship between lncRNA expressions and TC. METHODS: Sources from PubMed, Embase and Web of Science were searched...
February 2, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Zhiming Ma
BACKGROUND: SETD8 (named PR-SET7 or KMT5a) has been reported to regulate various biological processes including carcinogenesis. However, the role of SETD8 in glioma progression has not been investigated. METHOD: qPCR and western blot were used to detect the expression levels of miR-382 and SETD8. MTT and wound healing assay used to detect the cell proliferation and migratory capability. A predicted target of miR-382 (SETD8) was first validated using a luciferase assay...
January 31, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
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