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Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155230/the-association-of-monoamine-related-gene-polymorphisms-with-behavioural-correlates-of-response-inhibition-a-meta-analytic-review
#1
REVIEW
Irene Rincón-Pérez, Alberto J Sánchez-Carmona, Jacobo Albert, José A Hinojosa
Response inhibition has been shown to be associated with monoamine-related gene polymorphisms, although evidence is inconclusive. To comprehensively examine these genotype effects on behavioural correlates of response inhibition in non-clinical adult populations, we performed a two-step approach. A systematic review of studies using Go/No-Go and/or Stop-Signal paradigms was first carried out. Thirty-eight eligible research articles were identified, which examined over 15 candidate genes. Remarkably, no firm conclusions could be drawn from these studies...
November 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154939/hypothesis-for-cognitive-effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-externally-and-internally-directed-cognition
#2
REVIEW
Pamela M Greenwood, Eric J Blumberg, Melissa R Scheldrup
A comprehensive explanation is lacking for the broad array of cognitive effects modulated by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). We advanced the testable hypothesis that tDCS to the default mode network (DMN) increases processing of goals and stored information at the expense of external events. We further hypothesized that tDCS to the dorsal attention network (DAN) increases processing of external events at the expense of goals and stored information. A literature search (PsychINFO) identified 42 empirical studies and 3 meta-analyses examining effects of prefrontal and/or parietal tDCS on tasks that selectively required external and/or internal processing...
November 15, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128579/revisiting-the-validity-of-the-mouse-forced-swim-test-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-prototypic-antidepressants
#3
REVIEW
N Z Kara, Y Stukalin, H Einat
One problem area regarding animal models for affective disorders is unclear reproducibility, including external validity or generalizability. One way to evaluate external validity is with systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The current study presents a meta-analysis of the effects of prototypic antidepressants in the mouse forced swim test (FST). We identified studies that examined effects of antidepressants in the FST in mice and used standard protocol, male mice and acute drug administration. We calculated Effect sizes using Cohen's d, homogeneity using Q statistic and correlations using Pearson's correlation...
November 9, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128578/electrical-brain-stimulation-tes-improves-learning-more-than-performance-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Bianca A Simonsmeier, Roland H Grabner, Julia Hein, Ugne Krenz, Michael Schneider
Researchers have recently started evaluating whether stimulating the brain noninvasively with a weak and painless electrical current (transcranial Electrical Stimulation, tES) enhances physiological and cognitive processes. Some studies found that tES has weak but positive effects on brain physiology, cognition, or assessment performance, which have attracted massive public interest. We present the first meta-analytic test of the hypothesis that tES in a learning phase is more effective than tES in an assessment phase...
November 8, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108963/influences-of-social-reward-experience-on-behavioral-responses-to-drugs-of-abuse-review-of-shared-and-divergent-neural-plasticity-mechanisms-for-sexual-reward-and-drugs-of-abuse
#5
REVIEW
Lauren N Beloate, Lique M Coolen
Different factors influence the development of drug addiction in humans, including social reward experiences. In animals, experience with social rewards, such as sexual behavior, pair bonding, social and environmental enrichment, can be protective. However, loss or lack of social rewards can lead to a vulnerability to drug-seeking behavior. The effects of social reward experience on drug-seeking behavior are associated with changes in the neural pathways that control drug-related behavior. This review will provide an introduction and overview of the mesolimbic pathway and the influence of social reward experience on drug-seeking behavior in rodents...
November 3, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103981/interpretation-of-published-meta-analytical-studies-affected-by-implementation-errors-in-the-gingerale-software
#6
Jane R Garrison, John Done, Jon S Simons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103615/-corrigendum-to-mast-cells-in-neuroinflammation-and-brain-disorders-neurosci-biobehav-rev-79-2017-119-133
#7
Erik Hendrikus, Doris A van Bergeijk, Ronald S Oosting, Frank A Redegeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102686/functional-and-structural-neural-alterations-in-internet-gaming-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Yuan-Wei Yao, Lu Liu, Shan-Shan Ma, Xin-Hui Shi, Nan Zhou, Jin-Tao Zhang, Marc N Potenza
This meta-analytic study aimed to identify the common and specific neural alterations in Internet gaming disorder (IGD) across different domains and modalities. Two separate meta-analyses for functional neural activation and gray-matter volume were conducted. Sub-meta-analyses for the domains of reward, cold-executive, and hot-executive functions were also performed, respectively. IGD subjects, compared with healthy controls, showed: (1) hyperactivation in the anterior and posterior cingulate cortices, caudate, posterior inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), which were mainly associated with studies measuring reward and cold-executive functions; and, (2) hypoactivation in the anterior IFG in relation to hot-executive function, the posterior insula, somatomotor and somatosensory cortices in relation to reward function...
November 2, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092778/cognitive-impairment-in-breast-cancer-survivors-treated-with-chemotherapy-depends-on-control-group-type-and-cognitive-domains-assessed-a-multilevel-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Lori J Bernstein, Graham A McCreath, Zahra Komeylian, Jill B Rich
Women with breast cancer can experience persisting cognitive deficits post treatment. We conducted a multilevel meta-analysis of cognitive function in survivors treated with chemotherapy (Ch+) to estimate the magnitude of cognitive impairment relative to healthy (HC) and chemo-negative (Ch-) controls. Seventy-two studies published up to October 2016 involving 2939 Ch+ yielded 1594 effect sizes. Ch+ demonstrated overall cognitive impairment in comparison with HC but not with Ch-. Relative to HC, Ch+ showed impairment in attention/concentration, processing speed, language, immediate recall, delayed recall, and executive function...
October 29, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092777/white-matter-microstructural-abnormalities-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-meta-analysis-of-whole-brain-and-roi-based-studies
#10
REVIEW
Junhong Yu, Charlene L M Lam, Tatia M C Lee
Studies that examined white matter (WM) alterations in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) abound. This timely meta-analysis aims to synthesize the results of these studies. Seventy-seven studies (totalNaMCI=1844) were included. Fourteen region-of-interest-based (ROI-based) (k≥8;NaMCI≥284 per ROI) and two activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analyses (fractional anisotropy [FA]: k=15;NaMCI=463; mean diffusivity [MD]: k=8;NaMCI=193) were carried out. Among the many significant ROI-related findings, reliable FA and MD alterations in the fornix, uncinate fasciculus, and parahippocampal cingulum were observed in aMCI...
October 29, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107831/behavioral-changes-in-models-of-chemoconvulsant-induced-epilepsy-a-review
#11
REVIEW
B Minjarez, H O Camarena, J Haramati, Y Rodríguez-Yañez, S Mena-Munguía, J Buriticá, O García-Leal
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders in the general population and affects over 50 million people worldwide. Epilepsy is characterized by the presence of spontaneous recurrent seizures as a result of sudden and abnormal electrical activity in specific areas of the cerebral cortex. However, this condition encompasses much more than simply the presence of seizures. Cognitive problems and behavioral impairments are also frequent actors, as well as mood disorders. These must be precisely described in order to develop more successful pharmacological, or even behavioral, treatments...
October 28, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107830/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-human-locus-coeruleus-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Kathy Y Liu, Freya Marijatta, Dorothea Hämmerer, Julio Acosta-Cabronero, Emrah Düzel, Robert J Howard
The locus coeruleus (LC), the major origin of noradrenergic modulation of the central nervous system, innervates extensive areas throughout the brain and is implicated in a variety of autonomic and cognitive functions. Alterations in the LC-noradrenergic system have been associated with healthy ageing and neuropsychiatric disorders including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and depression. The last decade has seen advances in imaging the structure and function of the LC, and this paper systematically reviews the methodology and outcomes of sixty-nine structural and functional MRI studies of the LC in humans...
October 28, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107829/evaluating-rodent-motor-functions-which-tests-to-choose
#13
REVIEW
Lisa-Maria Schönfeld, Dearbhaile Dooley, Ali Jahanshahi, Yasin Temel, Sven Hendrix
Damage to the motor cortex induced by stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in chronic motor deficits. For the development and improvement of therapies, animal models which possess symptoms comparable to the clinical population are used. However, the use of experimental animals raises valid ethical and methodological concerns. To decrease discomfort by experimental procedures and to increase the quality of results, non-invasive and sensitive rodent motor tests are needed. A broad variety of rodent motor tests are available to determine deficits after stroke or TBI...
October 28, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107828/perturbation-evoked-potentials-significance-and-application-in-balance-control-research
#14
REVIEW
Jessy Parokaran Varghese, Robert E McIlroy, Michael Barnett-Cowan
Historically, balance control was thought to be mediated solely by subcortical structures based on animal research. However, recent findings provide compelling evidence of cortical involvement during balance reactions evoked by whole-body postural perturbations. In humans, an external perturbation elicits an evoked potential, termed the perturbation-evoked potential (PEP). PEPs are widely distributed over fronto-centro-parietal areas with maximal amplitude at the FCz/Cz electrode. From our literature review it is evident that the PEPs are comprised of a small positive potential (P1) that peaks around 30-90ms after perturbation onset, a large negative potential (N1) that peaks around 90-160ms, followed by positive (P2) and negative (N2) potentials between 200 and 400ms...
October 28, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111334/associations-between-the-effort-reward-imbalance-model-of-workplace-stress-and-indices-of-cardiovascular-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Pennie Eddy, Eleanor H Wertheim, Michael Kingsley, Bradley J Wright
Work stress can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease by 50%, with increasing research focusing on the underlying mechanisms responsible for these associations. Our meta-analysis assessed the associations of the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) workplace stress model with indices of cardiovascular disease. The search term 'effort*reward*imbalance' produced 22 papers (129 associations, N=93,817) meeting inclusion criteria. Greater ERI was most associated with increased hypertension (r=0.26, p<0.001, N=1180), intima media thickness (r=0...
October 27, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079492/the-contribution-of-different-prefrontal-cortex-regions-to-recollection-and-familiarity-a-review-of-fmri-data
#16
REVIEW
Francesco Scalici, Carlo Caltagirone, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo
Dual-process theories of recognition memory sustain that recollection and familiarity reflect different mnemonic processes and rely on separate neural substrates that are located primarily in the medial temporal lobe (MTL). Aggleton and Brown's model (1999) assumes that this distinction extends to other brain regions, including the thalamus, and that both recognition memory processes interact with the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Nevertheless, it is still unclear whether recollection and familiarity are subtended by separate prefrontal regions...
October 25, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079491/biological-research-on-burnout-depression-overlap-long-standing-limitations-and-on-going-reflections
#17
Renzo Bianchi, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Eric Laurent
In this commentary, we discuss seldom-noticed methodological problems affecting biological research on burnout and depression and make recommendations to overcome the limitations of past studies conducted in this area. First, we suggest that identified subtypes of depression (e.g., depression with melancholic features and depression with atypical features) should be taken into account in future biological research on burnout and depression, given that different subtypes of depression have been associated with distinct autonomic and neuroendocrine profiles...
October 25, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079493/is-adenosine-associated-with-sudden-death-in-schizophrenia-a-new-framework-linking-the-adenosine-pathway-to-risk-of-sudden-death
#18
REVIEW
Ary Gadelha, André Zugman, Mariana Bendlin Calzavara, Remo Holanda de Mendonça Furtado, Fulvio Alexandre Scorza, Rodrigo Afonsecca Bressan
Schizophrenia is associated with an increased mortality from cardiovascular disease. Relatively few studies have assessed the putative association of schizophrenia pathophysiology with sudden death. Low adenosine levels have been associated with schizophrenia. In cardiology, increased mortality among patients with congestive heart failure has been associated with genetic polymorphisms that potentially lead to lower adenosine levels. Thus, we hypothesize that adenosine could link schizophrenia and cardiovascular mortality, with decreased adenosine levels leading to increased vulnerability to hyperexcitability following hypoxic insults, increasing the odds of fatal arrhythmias...
October 24, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074385/how-the-brain-connects-in-response-to-acute-stress-a-review-at-the-human-brain-systems-level
#19
REVIEW
J van Oort, I Tendolkar, E J Hermans, P C Mulders, C F Beckmann, A H Schene, G Fernández, P F van Eijndhoven
The brain's response to stress is a matter of extensive neurocognitive research in an attempt to unravel the mechanistic underpinnings of neural adaptation. In line with the broadly defined concept of acute stress, a wide variety of induction procedures are used to mimic stress experimentally. We set out to review commonalities and diversities of the stress-related functional activity and connectivity changes of functional brain networks in healthy adults across procedures. The acute stress response is consistently associated with both increased activity and connectivity in the salience network (SN) and surprisingly also with increased activity in the default mode network (DMN), while most studies show no changes in the central executive network...
October 24, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056292/epigenetics-and-gene-expression-profile-in-first-episode-psychosis-the-role-of-childhood-trauma
#20
REVIEW
Simona Tomassi, Sarah Tosato
Childhood Trauma (CT) mediation of the epigenome and its impact on gene expression profile could provide a mechanism for the gene-environment interaction underling psychosis. We reviewed the evidence concerning epigenetic and gene expression modifications associated with CT in both First-Episode Psychosis (FEP) and healthy subjects. In order to explore the relative role of psychosis itself in determining these modifications, evidence about FEP and epigenetics/gene expression was also summarized. We performed a systematic search on PubMed, last updated in December 2016...
October 19, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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