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Infant Behavior & Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619422/joint-engagement-in-infants-and-its-relationship-to-their-visual-impairment-measurements
#1
Andrea Urqueta Alfaro, Valerie S Morash, Daisy Lei, Deborah Orel-Bixler
Coordination of attention between a social partner and an external focus of shared interest, called joint engagement, is associated with positive developmental outcomes such as better language, socio-emotional, and theory of mind skills in sighted infants. Current measures of joint engagement rely on an infant's visual behaviors, making it difficult to study joint engagement in infants with low or no vision. In a naturalistic observational study, 20 infants with various levels of visual impairments - mean ages: 1...
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619421/the-protective-role-of-maternal-posttraumatic-growth-and-cognitive-trauma-processing-among-palestinian-mothers-and-infants
#2
Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Samir R Qouta, Saija Kuittinen, Raija-Leena Punamäki
War survivors use multiple cognitive and emotional processes to protect their mental health from the negative impacts of trauma. Because mothers and infants may be especially vulnerable to trauma in conditions of war, it is urgent to determine which cognitive and emotional processes are effective for preventing negative trauma impacts." This study examined whether mothers' high posttraumatic growth (PTG) and positive posttraumatic cognitions (PTC) protected (a) their own mental health and (b) their infants' stress regulation and sensorimotor and language development from the effects of war trauma...
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615112/the-evaluation-of-behavioural-problems-in-the-first-three-years-of-life-comparing-parents-and-early-childhood-educators
#3
Angelica Arace, Donatella Scarzello, Laura Elvira Prino
The study investigates the degree of agreement between mothers, fathers and educators in the evaluation of early childhood behavioural problems, through the CBCL 1½-5. Data analysis indicates a good level of agreement between mothers and fathers, along with a significant divergence between parents and educators.
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610830/mutual-regulation-between-infant-facial-affect-and-maternal-touch-in-depressed-and-nondepressed-dyads
#4
Ida Egmose, Katharina Cordes, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Mette Skovgaard Væver, Simo Køppe
The ability to regulate affect is important for later adaptive child development. In the first months of life, infants have limited resources for regulating their own affects (e.g. by gaze aversion), and for this reason they are dependent on external affect regulation from their parents. Previous research suggests that touch is an important means through which parents regulate their infants' affects. Also, previous research has shown that post-partum depressed (PPD) mothers and nonclinical mothers differ in their touching behaviors when interacting with their infants...
June 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595770/influence-of-breastfeeding-and-iron-status-on-mental-and-psychomotor-development-during-the-first-year-of-life
#5
Cristina Jardí, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Josefa Canals, Victoria Arija, Cristina Bedmar, Núria Voltas, Núria Aranda
Breastfeeding (BF) confers numerous benefits on the developing infant in both the short and the long term including psychological development, but there are multiple other factors that must be taken into account when these relationships are studied. To analyse how breastfeeding during the first 4 months of life affects infant mental and psychomotor development (MPD) at 6 and 12 months in a group of healthy infants from a Mediterranean Spanish city considering many important potential confounds. This is a longitudinal study conducted on infants from birth until the age of 12 months...
June 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433877/affordances-in-the-home-environment-for-motor-development-validity-and-reliability-for-the-use-in-daycare-setting
#6
Alessandra Bombarda Müller, Nadia Cristina Valentini, Paulo Felipe Ribeiro Bandeira
The range of stimuli provided by physical space, toys and care practices contributes to the motor, cognitive and social development of children. However, assessing the quality of child education environments is a challenge, and can be considered a health promotion initiative. This study investigated the validity of the criterion, content, construct and reliability of the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development - Infant Scale (AHEMD-IS), version 3-18 months, for the use in daycare settings...
April 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433876/maternal-responsivity-to-infants-in-the-high-chair-assessment-longitudinal-relations-with-toddler-outcomes-in-a-diverse-low-income-sample
#7
Colleen R O'Neal, Lynsey Weston, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Lisa J Berlin, Ranga Atapattu
Infant-parent interactions occur across many situations, yet most home-based assessments of parenting behaviors are conducted under conditions of low stress, such as free play. In this study, low-income mothers from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project were observed at home interacting with their 14-month-olds in the mildly stressful "High Chair" assessment (n=1718 dyads). This methodological study tested whether High Chair maternal responsiveness and detachment predicted later toddler cognitive and emotion outcomes, over and above equivalent maternal predictors during free play...
April 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414970/understanding-deceptive-intentions-behind-pointing-gestures-in-12-15-month-old-infants
#8
Diána Á Varró-Horváth, Krisztina Dorn, Beatrix Lábadi
We examined the comprehension of deceptive intentions revealed in searching task in infancy, on the theoretical basis of natural pedagogy and epistemic trust. The main findings showed that 12-15-month-old infants are able to discriminate the reliable and the deceptive actions of adults, but they do not generalize their previous experience in connection with a novel person, who is treated as a new reliable source of information.
April 14, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411446/a-study-of-reaching-actions-in-walking-infants
#9
Jill A Dosso, Sandra V Herrera, J Paul Boudreau
Acquiring motor skills transforms the perceptual and cognitive world of infants and expands their exploratory engagement with objects. This study investigated how reaching is integrated with walking among infant walkers (n=23, 14.5-15.5 months). In a walk-to-reach paradigm, diverse object retrieval strategies were observed. All infants were willing to use their upper and lower bodies in concert, and the timing of this coordination reflected features of their environment. Infants with an older walking age (months since walking onset) retrieved items more rapidly and exploited their non-reaching hand more effectively during object retrieval than did same-age infants with a younger walking age...
April 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391125/infants-and-adults-looking-behavior-does-not-indicate-perceptual-distraction-for-constrained-modelled-actions-an-eye-tracking-study
#10
David Buttelmann, Andy Schieler, Nicole Wetzel, Andreas Widmann
When observing a novel action, infants pay attention to the model's constraints when deciding whether to imitate this action or not. Gergely et al. (2002) found that more 14-month-olds copied a model's use of her head to operate a lamp when she used her head while her hands were free than when she had to use this means because it was the only means available to her (i.e., her hands were occupied). The perceptional distraction account (Beisert et al., 2012) claims that differences between conditions in terms of the amount of attention infants paid to the modeled action caused the differences in infants' performance between conditions...
April 6, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391126/chronic-stress-in-the-mother-infant-dyad-maternal-hair-cortisol-infant-salivary-cortisol-and-interactional-synchrony
#11
Amanda R Tarullo, Ashley Moore St John, Jerrold S Meyer
Stress physiology is shaped by early experience, with enduring effects on health. The relation of chronic maternal physiological stress, as indexed by hair cortisol, to infants' stress systems and to mother-infant interaction quality has not been established. We examined maternal hair and salivary cortisol, six-month-old infants' salivary cortisol, and mother-infant interaction in 121 mother-infant dyads. High maternal hair cortisol was related to higher infant average salivary cortisol concentration. Maternal hair cortisol and bedtime salivary cortisol were both uniquely related to infant bedtime salivary cortisol...
April 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371722/fetal-behavioral-responses-to-the-touch-of-the-mother-s-abdomen-a-frame-by-frame-analysis
#12
Viola Marx, Emese Nagy
The aim of the present study was to examine whether fetuses respond to the touching of the mother's abdomen, and if they do, whether they differentiate based on familiarity and the source of the touch, utilizing 3D real-time (4D) sonography. Behavioral responses of 28 fetuses (20th to 33rd week of gestation; N=15 in the 2nd and N=13 in the 3rd trimester) were frame-by-frame coded using a coding system comprising 20 codes and were analyzed in four conditions, during the touch of the (1) mother, (2) the father, (3) the stranger and in a (4) no-touch, control condition...
March 31, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629529/a-brief-introduction-to-early-forms-of-non-verbal-social-cognition
#13
EDITORIAL
David W Evans, Heidi L Marsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629528/foreword
#14
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578985/attention-focus-and-self-touch-in-toddlers-the-moderating-effect-of-attachment-security
#15
Sachiyo Ito-Jäger, Amanda R Howard, Karyn B Purvis, David R Cross
The superior self-regulation and attention-regulation abilities of securely attached children have been repeatedly demonstrated. However, the mechanisms that allow securely attached children to exhibit higher levels of attention focus than insecurely attached (anxious-ambivalent and anxious-avoidant) children need to be explored. One possible mechanism that has been hypothesized to play a role in focusing attention is self-touch. Previous research has shown that 10-year-old children exhibit more bilateral self-touch (i...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578869/social-interaction-facilitates-word-learning-in-preverbal-infants-word-object-mapping-and-word-segmentation
#16
Yoko Hakuno, Takahide Omori, Jun-Ichi Yamamoto, Yasuyo Minagawa
In natural settings, infants learn spoken language with the aid of a caregiver who explicitly provides social signals. Although previous studies have demonstrated that young infants are sensitive to these signals that facilitate language development, the impact of real-life interactions on early word segmentation and word-object mapping remains elusive. We tested whether infants aged 5-6 months and 9-10 months could segment a word from continuous speech and acquire a word-object relation in an ecologically valid setting...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571889/the-interrelatedness-between-infants-communicative-gestures-and-lexicon-size-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Irene Cadime, Carla Silva, Sandra Santos, Iolanda Ribeiro, Fernanda Leopoldina Viana
Research has shown a close relationship between gestures and language development. In this study, we investigate the cross-lagged relationships between different types of gestures and two lexicon dimensions: number of words produced and comprehended. Information about gestures and lexical development was collected from 48 typically developing infants when these were aged 0;9, 1;0 and 1;3. The European Portuguese version of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory: Words and Gestures (PT CDI:WG) was used...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558876/chaotic-home-environment-is-associated-with-reduced-infant-processing-speed-under-high-task-demands
#18
Przemysław Tomalski, Karolina Marczuk, Ewa Pisula, Anna Malinowska, Rafał Kawa, Alicja Niedźwiecka
Early adversity has profound long-term consequences for child development across domains. The effects of early adversity on structural and functional brain development were shown for infants under 12 months of life. However, the causal mechanisms of these effects remain relatively unexplored. Using a visual habituation task we investigated whether chaotic home environment may affect processing speed in 5.5 month-old infants (n=71). We found detrimental effects of chaos on processing speed for complex but not for simple visual stimuli...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554786/is-sensory-processing-an-issue-for-infants-with-colic
#19
Tracy Harb, Nadine Frederiksen, Rebecca J Hill
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between sensory functioning, sleep, cry/fuss, and feeding behaviors of infants with colic younger than 4 months of age. METHODS: Dunn's Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile™ and a modified Barr Baby Day Diary(©) were used to assess 44 breastfed infants with colic under four months of age. Colic was defined according to Wessel's criteria. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 44 infants with colic (77%) scored as atypical for sensory processing...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554785/mind-mindedness-of-male-and-female-caregivers-in-childcare-and-the-relation-to-sensitivity-and-attachment-an-exploratory-study
#20
Cristina Colonnesi, Marleen van Polanen, Louis W C Tavecchio, Ruben G Fukkink
Mind-mindedness refers to the caregiver's ability to be attuned to the child's mental states. Within the parent-child relationship, mind-mindedness relates to parents' sensitive caregiving, and to children's secure attachment. However, the same relations are still unexplored in out-of-home care settings. We investigated the associations between childcare professionals' mind-mindedness, sensitive responsiveness and respect for autonomy, and child-caregiver attachment security. Moreover, we examined whether these relations are influenced by caregivers' and children's gender...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
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