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Infant Behavior & Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028583/influence-of-semantic-consistency-and-perceptual-features-on-visual-attention-during-scene-viewing-in-toddlers
#1
Andrea Helo, Sandrien van Ommen, Sebastian Pannasch, Lucile Danteny-Dordoigne, Pia Rämä
Conceptual representations of everyday scenes are built in interaction with visual environment and these representations guide our visual attention. Perceptual features and object-scene semantic consistency have been found to attract our attention during scene exploration. The present study examined how visual attention in 24-month-old toddlers is attracted by semantic violations and how perceptual features (i. e. saliency, centre distance, clutter and object size) and linguistic properties (i. e. object label frequency and label length) affect gaze distribution...
October 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987984/examining-pathways-linking-maternal-depressive-symptoms-in-infancy-to-children-s-behavior-problems-the-role-of-maternal-unresponsiveness-and-negative-behaviors
#2
Pamela Linton Norcross, Esther M Leerkes, Nan Zhou
The extent to which maternal depressive symptoms in the first 6 months of life is linked with internalizing and externalizing behaviors in childhood through specific insensitive maternal behaviors (unresponsive and overtly negative behaviors) was examined in a sample of 259 mother-infant dyads. In addition, the extent to which these paths were moderated by infant negative emotionality was also examined. Maternal depressive symptoms were assessed prenatally and when infants were 6 months and 2 years old. Maternal unresponsive and overtly negative behaviors and infant negative emotionality were observed when infants were 6 months old...
October 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987983/maternal-self-confidence-during-the-first-four-months-postpartum-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-early-infant-regulatory-problems
#3
Lina Maria Matthies, Stephanie Wallwiener, Mitho Müller, Anne Doster, Katharina Plewniok, Sandra Feller, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Corinna Reck
Maternal self-confidence has become an essential concept in understanding early disturbances in the mother-child relationship. Recent research suggests that maternal self-confidence may be associated with maternal mental health and infant development. The current study investigated the dynamics of maternal self-confidence during the first four months postpartum and the predictive ability of maternal symptoms of depression, anxiety, and early regulatory problems in infants. Questionnaires assessing symptoms of depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), and early regulatory problems (Questionnaire for crying, sleeping and feeding) were completed in a sample of 130 women at three different time points (third trimester (T1), first week postpartum (T2), and 4 months postpartum (T3)...
October 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985580/implementation-of-a-nightly-bedtime-routine-how-quickly-do-things-improve
#4
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Christina Lee, Ariel A Williamson, Russel M Walters
BACKGROUND: Institution of a consistent bedtime routine has been demonstrated to improve sleep in young children within two weeks. However, no studies have investigated the rate of this change and when most change occurs. The purpose of this study was to examine the nightly change in infant sleep and maternal perceptions after implementing a bedtime routine. METHODS: Mothers (n=134) and their infant (8-18 months) were randomly assigned to implementation of a bedtime routine intervention for a two-week period...
October 3, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957689/-the-effects-of-family-centered-physiotherapy-on-the-cognitive-and-motor-performance-in-premature-infants
#5
Bulent Elbasan, Murat Fatih Kocyigit, A Sebnem Soysal-Acar, Yıldız Atalay, Kivilcim Gucuyener
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of family centered physiotherapy according to the neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) principles on mental and motor performance in premature infants. METHODS: A total of 156 infant, ≥24/36 week+6days gestational age included in the study. All the infants were diagnosed by a child neurologist and referred to psychology and physiotherapy department for their neurodevelopmental assessment and treatment...
September 25, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950223/infant-motor-and-cognitive-abilities-and-subsequent-executive-function
#6
Meng Wu, Xi Liang, Shan Lu, Zhengyan Wang
INTRODUCTION: Although executive function (EF) is widely considered crucial to several aspects of life, the mechanisms underlying EF development remain largely unexplored, especially for infants. From a behavioral or neurodevelopmental perspective, motor and general cognitive abilities are linked with EF. EF development is a multistage process that starts with sensorimotor interactive behaviors, which become basic cognitive abilities and, in turn, mature EF. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine how infant motor and general cognitive abilities are linked with their EF at 3 years of age...
September 23, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950222/socioemotional-skills-between-12-and-30-months-of-age-on-chilean-children-when-do-the-competences-of-adults-matter
#7
Chamarrita Farkas, Claire D Vallotton, Katherine Strasser, María Pía Santelices, Erika Himmel
Due to the rapid growth in early socioemotional skills during the first three years of life, significant variations in socioemotional development begin early and increase with time. Family competences as sensitivity and mentalization, contribute to differences among children of the same age. This study examines whether the level of socioemotional skills is stable or changes between 12 and 30 months of age, and whether primary caregiver sensitivity and mentalization, as well as educational level, are associated with changes in the level of socioemotional skills...
September 23, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946023/maternal-touch-in-caregiving-behavior-of-mothers-with-and-without-postpartum-depression
#8
Katharina Cordes, Ida Egmose, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Simo Køppe, Mette Skovgaard Væver
The way a mother touches her infant plays a central role in maternal caregiving behavior. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to examine associations between touch and positive and negative caregiving behavior and whether this association differed in mothers with and without postpartum depression, an episode of depressive disorder following childbirth. Positive caregiving behavior was operationalized as sensitive behavior, i.e. the mother's ability to notice the child's signals, interpret these signals correctly and respond to them promptly and appropriately...
September 22, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946022/rhythmic-ostensive-gestures-how-adults-facilitate-infants-entrance-into-early-triadic-interactions
#9
Ana Moreno-Núñez, Cintia Rodríguez, María Jesús Del Olmo
For decades, the literature on the emergence of triadic interactions considers the end of the first year of life as the time when children become able to communicate with others intentionally about a referent. Prior to that, children only relate in dyads, either with someone else or with an object. However, several researchers claim that referents are not naturally given in human communication and that they need to be established in interaction with others. In this study, we focus on earlier triadic interactions initiated by adults, when young babies still require an adult to bring the material world within their reach...
September 22, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934614/development-of-mother-infant-interaction-in-tickling-play-the-relationship-between-infants-ticklishness-and-social-behaviors
#10
Konomi Ishijima, Koichi Negayama
This study examined the development of mother-infant tickling interaction and the relationship between infants' ticklishness and social behaviors including infants' looking at mothers' face, mothers' narrative tickling, and mothers' laughter. Twenty-two Japanese infants aged 5 months (n=10, five girls) and 7 months (n=12, four girls) and their mothers were videotaped. Results revealed that the mothers' narrative tickling was more frequent at 7 than at 5 months and the infants' strong ticklishness showed the same tendency...
September 18, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934613/acoustic-parameters-of-infant-directed-singing-in-mothers-of-infants-with-down-syndrome
#11
Shannon de l'Etoile, Samarth Behura, Cengiz Zopluoglu
This study compared the acoustic parameters and degree of perceived warmth in two types of infant-directed (ID) songs - the lullaby and the playsong - between mothers of infants with Down syndrome (DS) and mothers of typically-developing (TD) infants. Participants included mothers of 15 DS infants and 15 TD infants between 3 and 9 months of age. Each mother's singing voice was digitally recorded while singing to her infant and subjected to feature extraction and data mining. Mothers of DS infants and TD infants sang both lullabies and playsongs with similar frequency...
September 18, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917387/affective-reactivity-to-cry-sounds-predicts-young-women-s-reactivity-and-behavior-in-a-simulated-caregiving-task
#12
Gwen E Gustafson, Jennifer B Bisson, Jillian M MacDonald, James A Green
Different populations of adults (experienced vs. inexperienced caregivers, men vs. women, abusive vs. nonabusive parents, etc.) have been reported to differ in their affective reactions to the sounds of infant crying. These differences are thought to impact caregiving behavior and, in some instances, to affect long-term outcomes for infants. There can be great intra-group variation, however, even when group differences are significant; modeling developmental process will require a finer grained approach. We have undertaken a pair of studies intended to validate the Negative Affect Scale (NA) from the PANAS as a measure of individuals' affective reactivity to cry sounds...
September 13, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898671/preterm-newborn-pain-research-review
#13
Tiffany Field
This narrative review is based on a literature search of PubMed and PsycINFO for research on preterm newborn pain published during the last ten years. The high prevalence of painful procedures being performed with preterm newborns without analgesia (79%), with a median of 75 painful procedures being received during hospitalization and as many as 51 painful procedures per day highlights the importance of this problem. This review covers the pain assessments that have been developed, the short-term effects of the painful procedures, the longer-term developmental outcomes and the pharmacological and alternative therapies that have been researched...
September 9, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889073/infant-intralimb-coordination-and-torque-production-influence-of-prematurity
#14
Barbara Sargent, Hendrik Reimann, Masayoshi Kubo, Linda Fetters
The purpose of this study is to investigate changes in leg joint coordination, intersegmental dynamics, and their relation in infants born preterm (PT) during the first months of life. Kicking actions were analyzed of 11 infants born PT at 6 and 15-weeks corrected age (CA) using three-dimensional kinematics and kinetics; results were compared to the kicking actions of 10 infants born full-term (FT). Both groups changed from a predominately in-phase coordination at 6-weeks CA to a less in-phase coordination at 15-weeks CA, however, at 6-weeks CA, infants born PT demonstrated less in-phase coordination of their ankle joints with their hip and knee joints...
September 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886563/prenatal-anxiety-effects-a-review
#15
Tiffany Field
This review is based on literature on prenatal anxiety effects that was found on Pubmed and PsycINFO for the years 2010-2016. Prenatal anxiety is thought to have distinct features, although it has been measured both by specific prenatal anxiety symptoms as well as by standardized anxiety scales. Its prevalence has ranged from 21 to 25% and it has been predicted by a number of pregnancy - related variables such as unintended pregnancy, demographic variables such as low acculturation and income and psychosocial factors including pessimism and partner tension...
September 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866286/infant-massage-improves-attitudes-toward-childbearing-maternal-satisfaction-and-pleasure-in-parenting
#16
Sónia Vicente, Manuela Veríssimo, Eva Diniz
The first year of motherhood is a period of growth and adaptation in women's lives with several challenges such as identifying the baby's needs and giving appropriate answers, so that mother and baby get to know each other and form a strong bond. Infant massage is one of the approaches that make an important contribution to the psychological and physiological wellbeing of both baby and mother, helping to form a harmonious relationship. This longitudinal study assessed the benefits of infant massage in the relationship between mother and baby, from birth to 12 months old...
August 31, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863311/approach-avoidance-responses-to-infant-facial-expressions-in-nulliparous-women-associations-with-early-experience-and-mood-induction
#17
Pietro De Carli, Madelon M E Riem, Laura Parolin
Infant expressions are important signals for eliciting caregiving behaviors in parents. The present study sought to test if infant expressions affect adults' behavioral response, taking into account the role of a mood induction and childhood caregiving experiences. A modified version of the Approach Avoidance Task (AAT) was employed to study nulliparous female university students' implicit responses to infant faces with different expressions. Study 1 showed that sad, neutral and sleepy expressions elicit a tendency for avoidance, while no tendency for approach or avoidance was found for happy faces...
August 30, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841429/mother-and-father-infant-interactions-at-3-months-of-corrected-age-the-effect-of-severity-of-preterm-birth
#18
Erica Neri, Francesca Agostini, Giovanna Perricone, Maria Regina Morales, Augusto Biasini, Fiorella Monti, Concetta Polizzi
Early interactions of 92 preterm infants with their mothers (n=54) and fathers (n=38) were explored at 3 months using CARE-Index. Results showed differences in interactions based on parent's gender, with higher control in mothers and unresponsiveness in fathers, while no effect of severity of birth weight emerged.
August 19, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830625/testosterone-reactivity-to-infant-crying-and-caregiving-in-women-the-role-of-oral-contraceptives-and-basal-cortisol
#19
A Voorthuis, M J Bakermans-Kranenburg, M H van IJzendoorn
Several studies have shown that mothers and fathers have significant lower levels of testosterone (T) than non-mothers and non-fathers, and that in men caregiving is related to a decrease in T. To date, only a few studies have examined T in women. We examined T reactivity to a crying infant simulator in 160 women. Use of oral contraceptives (OC), basal cortisol (CORT) levels and childhood experiences of maternal love withdrawal were taken into account. T levels were consistently significantly higher in women not using OC...
August 19, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818676/the-importance-of-parental-verbal-and-embodied-mentalizing-in-shaping-parental-experiences-of-stress-and-coparenting
#20
Dana Shai, Daphna Dollberg, Ohad Szepsenwol
Parental mentalizing-recognizing that children are separate psychological entities, who have their own thoughts, wishes, and intentions that motivate their behaviors-is traditionally considered a verbal, linguistic capacity. This paper aimed to examine the relation between parental verbal mentalizing (parental reflective function; PRF) and its nonverbal form-parental embodied mentalizing (PEM)-and how both constructs contribute to parents' subjective experience of parenting, namely parental stress and coparental alliance...
August 15, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
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