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Infant Behavior & Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732248/effects-of-adults-contingent-responding-on-infants-behavior-in-ambiguous-situations
#1
Gunilla Stenberg
We examined the effect of adults' contingency in responding to infants' behavior in an ambiguous situation in two experiments. In Experiment 1, forty-four 12-month-old infants were exposed to an ambiguous toy. An unfamiliar adult responded either contingently or non-contingently to the infant's bids and then presented the toy and provided positive information. During toy presentation, infants in the non-contingent condition looked less at the experimenter than infants in the contingent condition. In a concluding free-play situation infants in the non-contingent condition played less and tended to touch the toy less...
July 18, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711768/distressed-yet-empathically-sensitive-preschoolers-responses-to-infant-crying
#2
Hung-Chu Lin, Michelle Grisham
Using a simulated long bout of progressively intense infant crying, this study demonstrated that preschoolers responded with infant-oriented empathic concern and helping actions despite evidence of self-focused distress. Preschoolers' helping actions were predicted by the interaction between empathic concern and cognitive inquiry.
July 13, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688961/active-sleep-is-associated-with-the-face-preference-in-the-newborns-who-familiarized-with-a-responsive-face
#3
Marco Cecchini, Maria Elena Iannoni, Paola Aceto, Eleonora Baroni, Cinzia Di Vito, Carlo Lai
Aim of this study was to investigate the preferential looking behaviour, subsequent to a familiarization task (8-min) with a previously responsive or motionless face, before and after a sleep cycle. Moreover, the role of the active sleep in memory consolidation of the responsive or motionless faces was explored. Hypotheses were that the newborns undergoing a motionless familiarization will exhibit a novelty effect (preference for the novel face) whereas the newborns undergoing a responsive familiarization will show a familiarity effect (preference for the known face) before and after the sleep cycle; moreover, the amount of active sleep will be associated with the looking time at the known face after a sleep cycle...
July 6, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688960/the-lowering-of-bilirubin-levels-in-patients-with-neonatal-jaundice-using-massage-therapy-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#4
Fatemeh Eghbalian, Haneyeh Rafienezhad, Javad Farmal
OBJECTIVE: Due to the effects of massage on various laboratory parameters (including those related to jaundice) in infants and the expansion of existing studies to achieve effective and safe therapy in the treatment of neonatal jaundice, this study aimed to investigate the effect of massage on bilirubin levels in cases of neonatal jaundice. METHODS: In this study, 134 patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (massage combined with phototherapy, n=67) or a control group (phototherapy only, n=67)...
July 6, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688291/neonatal-assessment-visual-european-grid-naveg-unveiling-neurological-risk
#5
Andrea Rossi, Marco Gnesi, Cristina Montomoli, Gaetano Chirico, Laura Malerba, Lotfi B Merabet, Elisa Fazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686883/does-contingency-in-adults-responding-influence-12-month-old-infants-social-referencing
#6
Gunilla Stenberg
In two experiments we examined the influence of contingent versus non-contingent responding on infant social referencing behavior. EXPERIMENT 1: Forty 12-month-old infants were exposed to an ambiguous toy in a social referencing situation. In one condition an unfamiliar adult who in a previous play situation had responded contingently to the infant's looks gave the infant positive information about the toy. In the other condition an unfamiliar adult who previously had not responded contingently delivered the positive information...
July 4, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646677/-should-i-or-shouldn-t-i-imitation-of-undesired-versus-allowed-actions-from-peer-and-adult-models-by-18-and-24-month-old-toddlers
#7
Sabine Seehagen, Silvia Schneider, Kristin Miebach, Katharina Frigge, Norbert Zmyj
Imitation is a common way of acquiring novel behaviors in toddlers. However, little is known about toddlers' imitation of undesired actions. Here we investigated 18- and 24-month-olds' (N=110) imitation of undesired and allowed actions from televised peer and adult models. Permissiveness of the demonstrated actions was indicated by the experimenter's response to their execution (angry or neutral). Analyses revealed that toddlers' imitation scores were higher after demonstrations of allowed versus undesired actions, regardless of the age of the model...
June 21, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619422/joint-engagement-in-infants-and-its-relationship-to-their-visual-impairment-measurements
#8
Andrea Urqueta Alfaro, Valerie S Morash, Daisy Lei, Deborah Orel-Bixler
Coordination of attention between a social partner and an external focus of shared interest, called joint engagement, is associated with positive developmental outcomes such as better language, socio-emotional, and theory of mind skills in sighted infants. Current measures of joint engagement rely on an infant's visual behaviors, making it difficult to study joint engagement in infants with low or no vision. In a naturalistic observational study, 20 infants with various levels of visual impairments - mean ages: 1...
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619421/the-protective-role-of-maternal-posttraumatic-growth-and-cognitive-trauma-processing-among-palestinian-mothers-and-infants
#9
Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Samir R Qouta, Saija Kuittinen, Raija-Leena Punamäki
War survivors use multiple cognitive and emotional processes to protect their mental health from the negative impacts of trauma. Because mothers and infants may be especially vulnerable to trauma in conditions of war, it is urgent to determine which cognitive and emotional processes are effective for preventing negative trauma impacts." This study examined whether mothers' high posttraumatic growth (PTG) and positive posttraumatic cognitions (PTC) protected (a) their own mental health and (b) their infants' stress regulation and sensorimotor and language development from the effects of war trauma...
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615112/the-evaluation-of-behavioural-problems-in-the-first-three-years-of-life-comparing-parents-and-early-childhood-educators
#10
Angelica Arace, Donatella Scarzello, Laura Elvira Prino
The study investigates the degree of agreement between mothers, fathers and educators in the evaluation of early childhood behavioural problems, through the CBCL 1½-5. Data analysis indicates a good level of agreement between mothers and fathers, along with a significant divergence between parents and educators.
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610830/mutual-regulation-between-infant-facial-affect-and-maternal-touch-in-depressed-and-nondepressed-dyads
#11
Ida Egmose, Katharina Cordes, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Mette Skovgaard Væver, Simo Køppe
The ability to regulate affect is important for later adaptive child development. In the first months of life, infants have limited resources for regulating their own affects (e.g. by gaze aversion), and for this reason they are dependent on external affect regulation from their parents. Previous research suggests that touch is an important means through which parents regulate their infants' affects. Also, previous research has shown that post-partum depressed (PPD) mothers and nonclinical mothers differ in their touching behaviors when interacting with their infants...
June 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595770/influence-of-breastfeeding-and-iron-status-on-mental-and-psychomotor-development-during-the-first-year-of-life
#12
Cristina Jardí, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Josefa Canals, Victoria Arija, Cristina Bedmar, Núria Voltas, Núria Aranda
Breastfeeding (BF) confers numerous benefits on the developing infant in both the short and the long term including psychological development, but there are multiple other factors that must be taken into account when these relationships are studied. To analyse how breastfeeding during the first 4 months of life affects infant mental and psychomotor development (MPD) at 6 and 12 months in a group of healthy infants from a Mediterranean Spanish city considering many important potential confounds. This is a longitudinal study conducted on infants from birth until the age of 12 months...
June 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629529/a-brief-introduction-to-early-forms-of-non-verbal-social-cognition
#13
EDITORIAL
David W Evans, Heidi L Marsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629528/foreword
#14
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578985/attention-focus-and-self-touch-in-toddlers-the-moderating-effect-of-attachment-security
#15
Sachiyo Ito-Jäger, Amanda R Howard, Karyn B Purvis, David R Cross
The superior self-regulation and attention-regulation abilities of securely attached children have been repeatedly demonstrated. However, the mechanisms that allow securely attached children to exhibit higher levels of attention focus than insecurely attached (anxious-ambivalent and anxious-avoidant) children need to be explored. One possible mechanism that has been hypothesized to play a role in focusing attention is self-touch. Previous research has shown that 10-year-old children exhibit more bilateral self-touch (i...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578869/social-interaction-facilitates-word-learning-in-preverbal-infants-word-object-mapping-and-word-segmentation
#16
Yoko Hakuno, Takahide Omori, Jun-Ichi Yamamoto, Yasuyo Minagawa
In natural settings, infants learn spoken language with the aid of a caregiver who explicitly provides social signals. Although previous studies have demonstrated that young infants are sensitive to these signals that facilitate language development, the impact of real-life interactions on early word segmentation and word-object mapping remains elusive. We tested whether infants aged 5-6 months and 9-10 months could segment a word from continuous speech and acquire a word-object relation in an ecologically valid setting...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571889/the-interrelatedness-between-infants-communicative-gestures-and-lexicon-size-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Irene Cadime, Carla Silva, Sandra Santos, Iolanda Ribeiro, Fernanda Leopoldina Viana
Research has shown a close relationship between gestures and language development. In this study, we investigate the cross-lagged relationships between different types of gestures and two lexicon dimensions: number of words produced and comprehended. Information about gestures and lexical development was collected from 48 typically developing infants when these were aged 0;9, 1;0 and 1;3. The European Portuguese version of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory: Words and Gestures (PT CDI:WG) was used...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558876/chaotic-home-environment-is-associated-with-reduced-infant-processing-speed-under-high-task-demands
#18
Przemysław Tomalski, Karolina Marczuk, Ewa Pisula, Anna Malinowska, Rafał Kawa, Alicja Niedźwiecka
Early adversity has profound long-term consequences for child development across domains. The effects of early adversity on structural and functional brain development were shown for infants under 12 months of life. However, the causal mechanisms of these effects remain relatively unexplored. Using a visual habituation task we investigated whether chaotic home environment may affect processing speed in 5.5 month-old infants (n=71). We found detrimental effects of chaos on processing speed for complex but not for simple visual stimuli...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554786/is-sensory-processing-an-issue-for-infants-with-colic
#19
Tracy Harb, Nadine Frederiksen, Rebecca J Hill
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between sensory functioning, sleep, cry/fuss, and feeding behaviors of infants with colic younger than 4 months of age. METHODS: Dunn's Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile™ and a modified Barr Baby Day Diary(©) were used to assess 44 breastfed infants with colic under four months of age. Colic was defined according to Wessel's criteria. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 44 infants with colic (77%) scored as atypical for sensory processing...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554785/mind-mindedness-of-male-and-female-caregivers-in-childcare-and-the-relation-to-sensitivity-and-attachment-an-exploratory-study
#20
Cristina Colonnesi, Marleen van Polanen, Louis W C Tavecchio, Ruben G Fukkink
Mind-mindedness refers to the caregiver's ability to be attuned to the child's mental states. Within the parent-child relationship, mind-mindedness relates to parents' sensitive caregiving, and to children's secure attachment. However, the same relations are still unexplored in out-of-home care settings. We investigated the associations between childcare professionals' mind-mindedness, sensitive responsiveness and respect for autonomy, and child-caregiver attachment security. Moreover, we examined whether these relations are influenced by caregivers' and children's gender...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
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