journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infant Behavior & Development

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#1
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190457/the-influence-of-the-number-of-toys-in-the-environment-on-toddlers-play
#2
Carly Dauch, Michelle Imwalle, Brooke Ocasio, Alexia E Metz
We tested the hypothesis that an environment with fewer toys will lead to higher quality of play for toddlers. Each participant (n=36) engaged in supervised, individual free play sessions under two conditions: Four Toy and Sixteen Toy. With fewer toys, participants had fewer incidences of toy play, longer durations of toy play, and played with toys in a greater variety of ways (Z=-4.448, p<0.001, r=-0.524; Z=2.828, p=0.005, r=0.333; and Z=4.676, p<0.001, r=0.55, respectively). This suggests that when provided with fewer toys in the environment, toddlers engage in longer periods of play with a single toy, allowing better focus to explore and play more creatively...
November 27, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153739/cultural-diversification-of-communicative-gestures-through-early-childhood-a-comparison-of-children-in-english-german-and-chinese-speaking-families
#3
Alicia Y Kwon, Claire D Vallotton, Mechthild Kiegelmann, Kim Hughes Wilhelm
Previous literature has demonstrated cultural differences in young children's use of communicative gestures, but the results were mixed depending on which gestures were measured and what age of children were involved. This study included variety of different types of gestures and examined whether children's use of communicative gestures varies by their cultural backgrounds and ages. 714 parents of children (6-36 months old) from U.S.A. English-, German-, and Taiwan Chinese- speaking countries completed the questionnaire on their children's use of each gesture described in the survey...
November 16, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149620/the-dopamine-d4-receptor-gene-birth-weight-maternal-depression-maternal-attention-and-the-prediction-of-disorganized-attachment-at-36-months-of-age-a-prospective-gene%C3%A3-environment-analysis
#4
Justin Graffi, Ellen Moss, Alexia Jolicoeur-Martineau, Gal Moss, Vanessa Lecompte, Katherine Pascuzzo, Vanessa Babineau, Cathryn Gordon-Green, Viara R Mileva-Seitz, Klaus Minde, Roberto Sassi, Meir Steiner, James L Kennedy, Helene Gaudreau, Robert Levitan, Michael J Meaney, Ashley Wazana
BACKGROUND: Efforts to understand the developmental pathways for disorganized attachment reflect the importance of disorganized attachment on the prediction of future psychopathology. The inconsistent findings on the prediction of disorganized attachment from the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene, birth weight, and maternal depression as well as the evidence supporting the contribution of early maternal care, suggest the importance of exploring a gene by environment model. METHODS: Our sample is from the Maternal Adversity, Vulnerability, and Neurodevelopment project; consisting of 655 mother-child dyads...
November 14, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131969/maternal-communicative-functions-and-mind-mindedness-at-16-months-as-predictors-of-children-s-internal-and-non-internal-language-at-20-months
#5
Emiddia Longobardi, Pietro Spataro, Cristina Colonnesi
The effects of Communicative functions and Mind-Mindedness on children's language development have been typically investigated in separate studies. The present longitudinal research was therefore designed to yield new insight into the simultaneous impact of these two dimensions of maternal responsiveness on the acquisition of expressive language skills in a sample of 25 mother-child dyads. The frequencies of five communicative functions (Tutorial, Didactic, Conversational, Control and Asynchronous) and two types of mind-related comments (attuned vs...
November 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131968/development-of-body-emotion-perception-in-infancy-from-discrimination-to-recognition
#6
Alison Heck, Alyson Chroust, Hannah White, Rachel Jubran, Ramesh S Bhatt
Research suggests that infants progress from discrimination to recognition of emotions in faces during the first half year of life. It is unknown whether the perception of emotions from bodies develops in a similar manner. In the current study, when presented with happy and angry body videos and voices, 5-month-olds looked longer at the matching video when they were presented upright but not when they were inverted. In contrast, 3.5-month-olds failed to match even with upright videos. Thus, 5-month-olds but not 3...
November 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126079/self-control-parenting-and-problem-behavior-in-early-childhood-a-multi-method-multi-informant-study
#7
Dionne L van Prooijen, Roos Hutteman, Hanna Mulder, Marcel A G van Aken, Odilia M Laceulle
BACKGROUND: Early childhood self-control and parenting are suggested to play key roles in the development of child problem behavior. The current study aims to 1) replicate earlier work by examining the unique and combined effects of child self-control and parenting on child problem behavior and 2) extend earlier work by including both mother and father reports. METHODS: Data were used from 107 Dutch families: mothers, fathers, and their two-year old child. Child self-control was measured using both father's and mother's reports of effortful control and with an observed behavioral task (i...
November 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126078/the-effect-of-a-short-course-of-moderate-pressure-sunflower-oil-massage-on-the-weight-gain-velocity-and-length-of-nicu-stay-in-preterm-infants
#8
Peymaneh Alizadeh Taheri, Zahra Goudarzi, Mamak Shariat, Shahin Nariman, Elahe Nikzinat Matin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of five-day course of sunflower oil massage with moderate pressure on the weight gain and length of NICU stay in preterm infants. METHODS: Forty-four healthy preterm infants with a corrected gestational age of 30-36 weeks at the time of the study, were randomly assigned to the study group receiving body massage with sunflower oil and the control group receiving only routine NICU care. The massage was performed three times per day, each session including three consecutive five-minute stages, for five days...
November 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121525/psychometric-properties-of-the-affordances-in-the-home-environment-for-motor-development-inventory-for-use-with-iranian-children-aged-18-42-months
#9
Saeed Valadi, Carl Gabbard, Elahe Arabameri, Ali Kashi, Abdollah Ghasemi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate the original English language version of the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development (AHEMD) inventory and test its psychometric properties for use with Iranian children aged 18-42 months. METHODS: For this purpose, the tool was translated into Farsi (a Persian language) using the forward-backward translation method and some of its psychometric properties were examined. Multistage stratified-cluster sampling was used to study 1019 families having children aged 18-42 months from among the regional divisions of Tehran urban community health centers...
November 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121526/waiting-for-a-treat-studying-behaviors-related-to-self-regulation-in-18-and-24-month-olds
#10
Marta Białecka-Pikul, Karolina Byczewska-Konieczny, Magdalena Kosno, Arkadiusz Białek, Małgorzata Stępień-Nycz
The ability to delay gratification - conceived as an early expression of self-regulation - develops in the second half of the second year of life. We used inductive methodology to identify different behaviors and set of behaviors performed by children while waiting for a treat. We asked which sets are more effective when it comes to successfully delaying gratification and how all observed sets change during toddler age. 130 children were tested twice - at 18 and at 24 months - using a Snack Delay Task. We observed 20 different behaviors and distinguished 4 sets of behaviors...
November 6, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096239/preterm-birth-enhances-the-contribution-of-mothers-mind-mindedness-to-infants-expressive-language-development-a-longitudinal-investigation
#11
Alessandro Costantini, Gabrielle Coppola, Mirco Fasolo, Rosalinda Cassibba
Maternal mind-mindedness has been shown to be a powerful predictor of many developmental outcomes and to buffer the impact of psychosocial risk conditions, but no study has investigated whether this parental feature might support child development in the presence of biological risk, such as preterm birth. The present study addresses this gap, by investigating whether early maternal mind-mindedness contributes to the growth of a child's linguistic abilities in the following two years of life, and if the contribution of this maternal feature might be stronger in the presence of preterm birth...
October 30, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096238/correlates-of-tummy-time-in-infants-aged-0-12-months-old-a-systematic-review
#12
Lyndel Hewitt, Rebecca M Stanley, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: Tummy time, defined as an infant being placed on their stomach whilst they are awake and supervised, has been shown to have a positive effect on infant development and head shape. Tummy time can be influenced by a number of factors. Using a social ecological model, categories of potential variables can be examined to determine their influence on behaviours such as tummy time. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine potential correlates of tummy time in infants from birth to 12 months old...
October 28, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096237/moderating-effects-of-maternal-emotional-availability-on-language-and-cognitive-development-in-toddlers-of-mothers-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-in-pregnancy-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#13
Marie-Paule Austin, Bettina Christl, Cathy McMahon, Sue Kildea, Nicole Reilly, Carolyn Yin, Gabrielle Simcock, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Suzanne King
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal stress exposure has been linked to sub-optimal developmental outcomes in toddlers, while maternal emotional availability is associated with better cognitive and language abilities. It is less clear whether early care-giving relationships can moderate the impact of prenatal stress on child development. The current study investigates the impact of stress during pregnancy resulting from the Queensland Floods in 2011 on toddlers' cognitive and language development, and examines how maternal emotional availability is associated with these outcomes...
October 27, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078066/adapting-and-validating-a-developmental-assessment-for-chinese-infants-and-toddlers-the-ages-stages-questionnaires-inventory
#14
Huichao Xie, Jantina Clifford, Jane Squires, Chieh-Yu Chen, Xiaoyan Bian, Qian Yu
The Chinese government has announced the 2013 Guidelines for developing a national system for early detection of disability among children under 6 years of age. However, given limited resources, challenges exist with developmental measures required in the 2013 Guidelines. In order to meet the needs for a more accurate and cost-efficient measure for developmental assessment, the Ages & Stages Questionnaires: Inventory (ASQ:I) was translated into Simplified Chinese, and validated on a regional sample of 812 Chinese children ages from 1 to 25 months...
October 24, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073522/maternal-psychological-distress-after-preterm-birth-disruptive-or-adaptive
#15
Ruby A S Hall, Hannah N Hoffenkamp, Johan Braeken, Anneke Tooten, Ad J J M Vingerhoets, Hedwig J A van Bakel
BACKGROUND: Maternal postpartum distress is often construed as a marker of vulnerability to poor parenting. Less is known, however, about the impact of postpartum distress on parenting an infant born prematurely. The present study investigated whether high distress levels, which are particularly prevalent in mothers of preterm born infants, necessarily affect a mother's quality of parenting. METHOD: Latent Class Analysis was used to group mothers (N=197) of term, moderately, and very preterm born infants, based on their levels of distress (depression, anxiety, and PTSD symptoms) at one month postpartum, and their quality of parenting at one and six months postpartum...
October 23, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054034/an-exploration-of-common-dopaminergic-variants-and-behavior-problems-in-siblings-at-high-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Devon N Gangi, Lauren V Usher, Daniel S Messinger
Younger siblings of children with ASD often exhibit elevated internalizing and externalizing problems. We investigated common dopaminergic variants (DRD4 and DRD2) in relation to behavior problems at 36 months. Genotypes linked to less efficient dopaminergic functioning were associated with higher internalizing problems in high-risk siblings.
October 17, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028583/influence-of-semantic-consistency-and-perceptual-features-on-visual-attention-during-scene-viewing-in-toddlers
#17
Andrea Helo, Sandrien van Ommen, Sebastian Pannasch, Lucile Danteny-Dordoigne, Pia Rämä
Conceptual representations of everyday scenes are built in interaction with visual environment and these representations guide our visual attention. Perceptual features and object-scene semantic consistency have been found to attract our attention during scene exploration. The present study examined how visual attention in 24-month-old toddlers is attracted by semantic violations and how perceptual features (i. e. saliency, centre distance, clutter and object size) and linguistic properties (i. e. object label frequency and label length) affect gaze distribution...
October 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987984/examining-pathways-linking-maternal-depressive-symptoms-in-infancy-to-children-s-behavior-problems-the-role-of-maternal-unresponsiveness-and-negative-behaviors
#18
Pamela Linton Norcross, Esther M Leerkes, Nan Zhou
The extent to which maternal depressive symptoms in the first 6 months of life is linked with internalizing and externalizing behaviors in childhood through specific insensitive maternal behaviors (unresponsive and overtly negative behaviors) was examined in a sample of 259 mother-infant dyads. In addition, the extent to which these paths were moderated by infant negative emotionality was also examined. Maternal depressive symptoms were assessed prenatally and when infants were 6 months and 2 years old. Maternal unresponsive and overtly negative behaviors and infant negative emotionality were observed when infants were 6 months old...
October 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987983/maternal-self-confidence-during-the-first-four-months-postpartum-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-early-infant-regulatory-problems
#19
Lina Maria Matthies, Stephanie Wallwiener, Mitho Müller, Anne Doster, Katharina Plewniok, Sandra Feller, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Corinna Reck
Maternal self-confidence has become an essential concept in understanding early disturbances in the mother-child relationship. Recent research suggests that maternal self-confidence may be associated with maternal mental health and infant development. The current study investigated the dynamics of maternal self-confidence during the first four months postpartum and the predictive ability of maternal symptoms of depression, anxiety, and early regulatory problems in infants. Questionnaires assessing symptoms of depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), and early regulatory problems (Questionnaire for crying, sleeping and feeding) were completed in a sample of 130 women at three different time points (third trimester (T1), first week postpartum (T2), and 4 months postpartum (T3)...
October 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985580/implementation-of-a-nightly-bedtime-routine-how-quickly-do-things-improve
#20
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Christina Lee, Ariel A Williamson, Russel M Walters
BACKGROUND: Institution of a consistent bedtime routine has been demonstrated to improve sleep in young children within two weeks. However, no studies have investigated the rate of this change and when most change occurs. The purpose of this study was to examine the nightly change in infant sleep and maternal perceptions after implementing a bedtime routine. METHODS: Mothers (n=134) and their infant (8-18 months) were randomly assigned to implementation of a bedtime routine intervention for a two-week period...
October 3, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
journal
journal
27395
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"