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Evaluation & the Health Professions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724115/an-algorithm-for-creating-virtual-controls-using-integrated-and-harmonized-longitudinal-data
#1
William B Hansen, Shyh-Huei Chen, Santiago Saldana, Edward H Ip
We introduce a strategy for creating virtual control groups-cases generated through computer algorithms that, when aggregated, may serve as experimental comparators where live controls are difficult to recruit, such as when programs are widely disseminated and randomization is not feasible. We integrated and harmonized data from eight archived longitudinal adolescent-focused data sets spanning the decades from 1980 to 2010. Collectively, these studies examined numerous psychosocial variables and assessed past 30-day alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719989/challenges-facing-evidence-based-prevention-incorporating-an-abductive-theory-of-method
#2
W Alex Mason, Jasney Cogua-Lopez, Charles B Fleming, Lawrence M Scheier
Current systems used to determine whether prevention programs are "evidence-based" rely on the logic of deductive reasoning. This reliance has fostered implementation of strategies with explicitly stated evaluation criteria used to gauge program validity and suitability for dissemination. Frequently, investigators resort to the randomized controlled trial (RCT) combined with null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) as a means to rule out competing hypotheses and determine whether an intervention works...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635949/multigroup-propensity-score-approach-to-evaluating-an-effectiveness-trial-of-the-new-beginnings-program
#3
Jenn-Yun Tein, Gina L Mazza, Heather J Gunn, Hanjoe Kim, Elizabeth A Stuart, Irwin N Sandler, Sharlene A Wolchik
We used a multigroup propensity score approach to evaluate a randomized effectiveness trial of the New Beginnings Program (NBP), an intervention targeting divorced or separated families. Two features of effectiveness trials, high nonattendance rates and inclusion of an active control, make program effects harder to detect. To estimate program effects based on actual intervention participation, we created a synthetic inactive control comprised of nonattenders and assessed the impact of attending the NBP or active control relative to no intervention (inactive control)...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577743/challenges-opportunities-and-methods-for-large-scale-evaluations
#4
James H Derzon
The logic, theory, and practice of large-scale evaluation were once limited to large federal initiatives. However, with the advent of regularly collected performance measures and the often multisite implementation of quality improvement efforts, there is an opportunity to adopt large-scale evaluation methods in local and regional evaluation efforts. While ineffective programs show little variation in their ineffectiveness, effective programs generally show a range of effects. A central task of large-scale evaluation is to describe and ascribe why the same program, implemented in multiple settings, produces different effects...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463120/innovations-for-evaluation-research-multiform-protocols-visual-analog-scaling-and-the-retrospective-pretest-posttest-design
#5
Rong Chang, Todd D Little
In this article, we review three innovative methods: multiform protocols, visual analog scaling, and the retrospective pretest-posttest design that can be used in evaluation research. These three techniques have been proposed for decades, but unfortunately, they are still not utilized readily in evaluation research. Our goal is to familiarize researchers with these underutilized research techniques that could reduce personnel effort and costs for data collection while producing better inferences for a study...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463119/effects-of-exposure-to-the-communities-that-care-prevention-system-on-youth-problem-behaviors-in-a-community-randomized-trial-employing-an-inverse-probability-weighting-approach
#6
Isaac C Rhew, Sabrina Oesterle, Donna Coffman, J David Hawkins
Earlier intention-to-treat (ITT) findings from a community-randomized trial demonstrated effects of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system on reducing problem behaviors among youth. In ITT analyses, youth were analyzed according to their original study community's randomized condition even if they moved away from the community over the course of follow-up and received little to no exposure to intervention activities. Using inverse probability weights (IPWs), this study estimated effects of CTC in the same randomized trial among youth who remained in their original study communities throughout follow-up...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409362/why-research-design-and-methods-is-so-crucial-to-understanding-drug-use-abuse-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#7
Lawrence M Scheier
The collection of articles in this special issue both raise the bar and inspire new thinking with regard to both design and methodology concerns that influence drug use/abuse research. Thematically speaking, the articles focus on issues related to missing data, response formats, strategies for data harmonization, propensity scoring methods as an alternative to randomized control trials, integrative data analysis, statistical corrections to reduce bias from attrition, challenges faced from conducting large-scale evaluations, and employing abductive theory of method as an alternative to the more traditional hypothetico-deductive reasoning...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254369/advancing-the-study-of-adolescent-substance-use-through-the-use-of-integrative-data-analysis
#8
Patrick J Curran, Veronica Cole, Michael Giordano, A R Georgeson, Andrea M Hussong, Daniel J Bauer
A wealth of information is currently known about the epidemiology, etiology, and evaluation of drug and alcohol use across the life span. Despite this corpus of knowledge, much has yet to be learned. Many factors conspire to slow the pace of future advances in the field of substance use including the need for long-term longitudinal studies of often hard-to-reach subjects who are reporting rare and episodic behaviors. One promising option that might help move the field forward is integrative data analysis (IDA)...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415568/acknowledgment-of-reviewers-for-2017
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415567/the-clinimetric-properties-of-instruments-measuring-home-hazards-for-older-people-at-risk-of-falling-a-systematic-review
#10
Muhammad Hibatullah Romli, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Maw Pin Tan, Lindy Clemson
Home hazards are associated with falls among older people living in the community. However, evaluating home hazards is a complex process as environmental factors vary according to geography, culture, and architectural design. As a result, many health practitioners commonly use nonstandardized assessment methods that may lead to inaccurate findings. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to identify standardized instruments for evaluating home hazards related to falls and evaluate the clinimetric properties of these instruments for use by health practitioners...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179561/development-and-validation-of-the-activities-of-daily-living-short-form-for-community-dwelling-korean-stroke-survivors
#11
Ickpyo Hong, Eun-Young Yoo, Abby Swanson Kazley, Danbi Lee, Chih-Ying Li, Timothy A Reistetter
This study developed and validated a short form (SF) using activities of daily living (ADL) outcome measures from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) that can minimize survey administration burden for clinicians. This study utilized secondary data from the 2005 KNHANES with 422 community-dwelling stroke survivors. The KNHANES data were collected from April to June 2005 in South Korea. We created a 7-item SF from the 17 ADL questions in the survey using item response theory (IRT) methodologies...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899687/reliability-and-validity-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-serbian-translation
#12
Martin B Popević, Aleksandar P S Milovanović, Srdjan Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Marija Velaga
The aim of this study was translating and exploring psychometric properties of Serbian Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in a sample of "good" and "bad" sleepers suffering from depression or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Formal translation and validation were performed on a sample of healthy controls, patients with untreated OSA, and with diagnosed major depressive disorder with evaluation of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct and criterion validity. Controls and OSA subgroups were recruited from a larger sample of commercial drivers...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856680/linking-existing-instruments-to-develop-an-activity-of-daily-living-item-bank
#13
Chih-Ying Li, Sergio Romero, Heather S Bonilha, Kit N Simpson, Annie N Simpson, Ickpyo Hong, Craig A Velozo
This study examined dimensionality and item-level psychometric properties of an item bank measuring activities of daily living (ADL) across inpatient rehabilitation facilities and community living centers. Common person equating method was used in the retrospective veterans data set. This study examined dimensionality, model fit, local independence, and monotonicity using factor analyses and fit statistics, principal component analysis (PCA), and differential item functioning (DIF) using Rasch analysis. Following the elimination of invalid data, 371 veterans who completed both the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and minimum data set (MDS) within 6 days were retained...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649714/psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-personal-diabetes-questionnaire-among-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Li Cheng, Doris Y P Leung, Yu-Ning Wu, Janet W H Sit, Miao-Yan Yang, Xiao-Mei Li
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire (C-PDQ). The PDQ was translated into Chinese using a forward and backward translation approach. After being reviewed by an expert panel, the C-PDQ was administered to a convenience sample of 346 adults with Type 2 diabetes. The Chinese version of the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (C-SDSCA) was also administered. The results of the exploratory factor analysis revealed a one-factor structure for the Diet Knowledge, Decision-Making, and Eating Problems subscales and a two-factor structure for the barriers-related subscales...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788789/measuring-functional-impairment-in-children-and-adolescents-psychometric-properties-of-the-columbia-impairment-scale-cis
#15
Brandon K Attell, Christopher Cappelli, Brigitte Manteuffel, Hongli Li
The role of measuring functional impairment holds an important place in research, clinical practice, and service provision for children and adolescents. Responding to the growing need to measure serious emotional disturbances at the local, state, and national level, the Columbia Impairment Scale (CIS) was developed in the early 1990s and has remained one of the several popular scales for assessing functional impairment. However, despite the growing popularity of the instrument in research and practice, only a few studies to date have specifically examined the psychometric properties of the CIS...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788769/audit-of-intrapartum-care-based-on-the-national-guideline-for-midwifery-and-birth-services
#16
Sonia Minooee, Masoumeh Simbar, Zohreh Sheikhan, Hamid Alavi Majd
Providing high-quality maternity care is a worldwide health concern that necessitates regular assessment of intrapartum practice. In an observational study, we aimed to audit intrapartum care based on the National Guideline for Midwifery and Birth Services. Using quota sampling, a total of 200 pregnant women, admitted for normal vaginal delivery, were recruited from four educational hospitals in Tehran, Iran. An observational checklist was developed based on the national guideline to assess the quality of provided care...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756488/structural-validity-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-pearlin-mastery-scale-in-spanish-speaking-primary-care-patients
#17
Janna R Gordon, Vanessa L Malcarne, Scott C Roesch, Richard G Roetzheim, Kristen J Wells
The Pearlin Mastery (PM) Scale is frequently used in health research to assess individuals' personal mastery or the extent to which they believe they are in control of their own lives. It has been adapted from English into multiple languages including Spanish. However, no studies have assessed the psychometric properties of Spanish translations of the scale. This analysis evaluated structural validity and measurement invariance of the original Spanish translation of the PM Scale in two groups of Spanish-speaking individuals receiving primary care at community clinics in Florida...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719988/a-network-analysis-perspective-to-implementation-the-example-of-health-links-to-promote-coordinated-care
#18
Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Sobia Khan, Jennifer Gutberg, G Ross Baker
Although implementation models broadly recognize the importance of social relationships, our knowledge about applying social network analysis (SNA) to formative, process, and outcome evaluations of health system interventions is limited. We explored applications of adopting an SNA lens to inform implementation planning, engagement and execution, and evaluation. We used Health Links, a province-wide program in Canada aiming to improve care coordination among multiple providers of high-needs patients, as an example of a health system intervention...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719987/strategies-to-avoid-replication-failure-with-evidence-based-prevention-interventions-case-examples-from-the-strengthening-families-program
#19
Karol L Kumpfer, Lawrence M Scheier, Jaynie Brown
Research has found disturbing long-term effects of poor parenting on children's behavioral health including addiction, delinquency, depression/anxiety, and poorer health as adults. Poor parenting practices thus contribute substantially to the health crisis in America. However, skilled, nurturing parents, or caretakers can help youth avoid these developmental problems. A number of family and parenting evidence-based interventions (EBIs) that teach parenting skills are now available for dissemination. Unfortunately, replications of EBIs do not always produce the original positive results...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669428/perception-of-the-quality-of-physiotherapy-care-provided-to-outpatients-from-the-primary-health-care-in-chile
#20
Priscila Reyes, Fabia Puelle, René Mauricio Barría
We explored outpatient's perceptions on the quality of physiotherapy care provided in three urban primary care centers of Valdivia, Chile, through a descriptive phenomenological study. We collected data from 21 participants through semistructured interviews which were analyzed using the Colaizzi approach. Two main themes emerged: quality related to the professional and structure of the care system. Perceptions about the care received from the physiotherapist are influenced by factors such as communication, the way they treat the patient, and the trust established between patient and professional...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
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