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Evaluation & the Health Professions

M M Kim, A Cheney, A S Black, R J Thorpe, C D Cene, G J Dave, J Schaal, S Vassar, C Ruktanonchai, L Frerichs, T Young, J Jones, J Burke, D Varma, C Striley, L Cottler, A Brown, G Sullivan, G Corbie-Smith
Community-engaged research (CEnR) builds on the strengths of the Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) framework to address health in underserved and minority communities. There is a paucity of studies that identify the process from which trust develops in CEnR partnerships. This study responds to the need for empirical investigation of building and maintaining trust from a multistakeholder perspective. We conducted a multi-institutional pilot study using concept mapping with to better understand how trust, a critical outcome of CEnR partnerships, can act as "social capital...
January 6, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Adrian J Tomyn, Mark A Stokes, Robert A Cummins, Paulo C Dias
The personal well-being index-school children (PWI-SC) is designed as a cross-cultural instrument to measure subjective well-being among high school-aged children. Several published cross-cultural studies have confirmed adequate psychometric performance in terms of reliability, validity, and measurement invariance. This study adds to this literature by applying the Rasch approach to estimate invariant comparison in a cross-cultural context, applied to both Australian and Portuguese high school students. Participants were an age- and gender-matched convenience sample of 1,040 adolescents (520 cases in each group, 51...
January 6, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Cedric Lefebvre, Brian Hiestand, Casey Glass, David Masneri, Kathleen Hosmer, Meagan Hunt, Nicholas Hartman
Anchor-based, end-of-shift ratings are commonly used to conduct performance assessments of resident physicians. These performance evaluations often include narrative assessments, such as solicited or "free-text" commentary. Although narrative commentary can help to create a more detailed and specific assessment of performance, there are limited data describing the effects of narrative commentary on the global assessment process. This single-group, observational study examined the effect of narrative comments on global performance assessments...
December 26, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Elena Castarlenas, Ester Solé, Santiago Galán, Mélanie Racine, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the construct validity and reliability of the Catalan version of the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) in a sample of young people with chronic pain. Two hundred twenty-seven young people with chronic pain (age range = 12-24 years, mean age = 17.87 years, SD = 3.08 years) participated in this study. The findings support a one-factor structure of the PSEQ, and the scale demonstrated excellent internal consistency reliability in our sample. In addition, convergent validity was supported by a loading of average variance extracted (AVE) greater than ...
December 26, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Youn-Jung Son, Mi Hwa Won
Heart failure (HF) is the most common cause of frequent hospitalizations and high mortality. Active engagement in self-care behaviors is an essential component of HF disease management. Although the 9-item European Heart Failure Self-care Behaviour Scale (EHFScBS-9) as a commonly used instrument has been validated in different languages, there is no validated tool for addressing self-care behaviors related to HF in Korea. This study aimed to validate the Korean version of the EHFScBS-9. A cross-sectional study was adopted...
December 13, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Ellen Galstyan, Artur Galimov, Steve Sussman
The vape shop industry is a rapidly growing market sector with a constantly changing product landscape. The rapid evolution of nicotine delivery systems, most notably the emergence of salt nicotine e-juice and pod mod devices, have resulted in a sudden shift in the product market, suggesting new implications for the health professions in addressing electronic cigarette use.
November 26, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Tamara Taylor, Anthony Scott
Survey response rates for physicians are falling generally, and surveys of physicians tend to have lower response rates than those of the general population. To maximize response, respondents are often given a choice of modes in which to respond. The aim of this article is to describe mode response patterns and identify factors related to physicians' decisions to complete surveys online rather than by mail. The data are from the fifth annual wave of the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life longitudinal survey of physicians, in which there was a 43...
November 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
HarmoniJoie Noel, Alison R Huang
A major challenge with surveying physicians is low response. In this article, we present results of an experiment conducted to determine the optimal monetary incentive amount for gaining response from physicians to a short screener survey. Sampled physicians were randomly assigned to three prepaid cash incentive conditions (US$2, US$5, US$10) compared to a control (US$0). This study found using any incentive increased response versus no incentive. The US$10 incentive produced the highest response and was significantly greater than the US$2 incentive group...
November 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Ana M Castaño-León, Blanca Navarro-Main, Pedro A Gomez, Angel Gil, M Dolors Soler, Alfonso Lagares, Montserrat Bernabeu, Nicole V Steinbüchel, Ruben G L Real
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently followed by a variety of physical, emotional, and cognitive symptoms, which affect the patient's daily life, their social relations, and their work/educational status. In addition to function measures, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has received increasing attention as an important outcome after TBI, as it may guide rehabilitation and evaluate treatment success. Here, we report on psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the quality of life after brain injury (QoLIBRI) questionnaire, a disease-specific instrument to assess HRQoL in patients after TBI...
December 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Tasneem Hassem, Lu-Anne Swart, Ashley van Niekerk, Karin Pretorius, Deborah Isobell, Naiema Taliep, Samed Bulbulia, Shahnaaz Suffla, Mohamed Seedat
Dynamic violence and injury prevention interventions located within community settings raise evaluation challenges by virtue of their complex structure, focus, and aims. They try to address many risk factors simultaneously, are often overlapped in their implementation, and their implementation may be phased over time. This article proposes a statistical and analytic framework for evaluating the effectiveness of multilevel, multisystem, multi-component, community-driven, dynamic interventions. The proposed framework builds on meta regression methodology and recently proposed approaches for pooling results from multi-component intervention studies...
December 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Guoshen Wang, Yi Pan, Puja Seth, Ruiguang Song, Lisa Belcher
Missing data create challenges for determining progress made in linking HIV-positive persons to HIV medical care. Statistical methods are not used to address missing program data on linkage. In 2014, 61 health department jurisdictions were funded by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and submitted data on HIV testing, newly diagnosed HIV-positive persons, and linkage to HIV medical care. Missing or unusable data existed in our data set. A new approach using multiple imputation to address missing linkage data was proposed, and results were compared to the current approach that uses data with complete information...
December 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Marco Aurélio Nemitalla Added, Caroline Added, Karina Tamy Kasawara, Viviane Perez Rotta, Diego Galace de Freitas
The objective of this study was to observe the immediate effect of a knee brace with a patellar hole versus without a patellar hole on pain perception in patients with knee osteoarthritis. To accomplish this, a double-blind, randomized controlled trial enrolled 108 patients divided into two groups (knee brace with a patellar hole or without a patellar hole). Patients were evaluated by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) in order to measure their pain sensation, the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test was used to evaluate their ability to walk, and the 8-m walking test (8MWT) was used to estimate their walking speed...
December 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Ghada El Khoury, Elsy Ramia, Pascale Salameh
Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging global health threat. Misuse and abuse of antibiotics are of particular concern in the pediatric population. Since management of childhood illnesses depends considerably on parents' perceptions, the objectives of this study were to report parents' perspectives and assess their practices toward antibiotics used for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in children. Using a cross-sectional design, anonymous structured questionnaires were completed by 1,037 parents in public and private schools across Lebanon's largest governorate...
December 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Yun Mi Lee, Ju-Eun Song, Chanhee Park, Youn-Jung Son
Patient-centered care (PCC) encourages active collaboration and effective communication among patients, their family caregivers, and health-care providers to achieve high-quality care. Despite its importance, there is no validated and reliable Korean instrument for assessing PCC among health-care providers yet. This study aimed to establish a Korean version of the PCC (K-PCC) Scale using international translation guidelines and systematically evaluating its psychometric properties. The participants in this study were 424 nurses with a mean age of 28...
October 18, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Mohammad-Pooyan Jadidfard, Shahram Yazdani
With the knowledge we have today about the concept of health and its complexities and determinants, the separation between medical and dental education (DE) does not seem reasonable anymore. Dentistry has mainly developed based on a mechanical approach to treat the related problems. This makes the efforts for reorientation of dental care (DC) toward a preventive approach, relying upon dentists as the chief oral health (OH)-related workforce, inefficient. This is while effective strategies have been identified for prevention, as the key to simultaneously control the burden and costs of the ubiquitous oral diseases, at both individual and population levels without dentists...
October 18, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Yin-Ping Zhang, Wen-Hui Liu, Yi-Tian Yan, Caroline Porr, Yao Zhang, Huan-Huan Wei
Implementation and sustainability of the evidence-based practice (EBP) approach within systems of health-care delivery require leadership and organizational support, yet few instruments have been developed specifically in Mainland China. The purpose of this study was to adapt the EBP Nursing Leadership Scale and the EBP Work Environment Scale to Mainland China's cultural context and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the newly adapted Chinese version. A pilot study was conducted in Mainland China with 25 clinical nurses...
October 9, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Sarira El-Den, Claire L O'Reilly, Timothy F Chen
Prior to implementing perinatal depression (PND) screening, health-care professionals' acceptability of screening and their attitudes toward PND should be explored. We aimed to develop and psychometrically evaluate a questionnaire measuring PND attitudes and screening acceptability. A 31-item questionnaire was developed based on published questionnaires and a systematic review on PND screening acceptability. Principal components analysis with direct oblimin rotation was used to determine construct validity...
September 28, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Sonia Minooee, Masoumeh Simbar, Zohreh Sheikhan, Hamid Alavi Majd
Providing high-quality maternity care is a worldwide health concern that necessitates regular assessment of intrapartum practice. In an observational study, we aimed to audit intrapartum care based on the National Guideline for Midwifery and Birth Services. Using quota sampling, a total of 200 pregnant women, admitted for normal vaginal delivery, were recruited from four educational hospitals in Tehran, Iran. An observational checklist was developed based on the national guideline to assess the quality of provided care...
September 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Janna R Gordon, Vanessa L Malcarne, Scott C Roesch, Richard G Roetzheim, Kristen J Wells
The Pearlin Mastery (PM) Scale is frequently used in health research to assess individuals' personal mastery or the extent to which they believe they are in control of their own lives. It has been adapted from English into multiple languages including Spanish. However, no studies have assessed the psychometric properties of Spanish translations of the scale. This analysis evaluated structural validity and measurement invariance of the original Spanish translation of the PM Scale in two groups of Spanish-speaking individuals receiving primary care at community clinics in Florida...
September 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Ruben Barakat, Marina Vargas, Maia Brik, Irene Fernandez, Javier Gil, Javier Coteron, Belen Santacruz
Placental weight (PW) is a measure commonly used to summarize growth and aspects of placental function. In a normal pregnancy, it is reasonable to assume that PW is related to aspects of the functional capacity of the placenta. The placenta, as the site for all maternal-fetal oxygen and nutrient exchange, influences birth weight and is thus central to a successful pregnancy outcome. PW is the most common way to characterize placental growth, which relates to placental function. With physical exercise becoming an integral part of life for many women, the question of whether exercise during pregnancy has an adverse effect on the growing fetus is very important...
September 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
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