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Evaluation & the Health Professions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26755526/survey-methods-to-optimize-response-rate-in-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#1
Ellen Funkhouser, Kavya Vellala, Camille Baltuck, Rita Cacciato, Emily Durand, Deborah McEdward, Ellen Sowell, Sarah E Theisen, Gregg H Gilbert
Surveys of health professionals typically have low response rates, and these rates have been decreasing in the recent years. We report on the methods used in a successful survey of dentist members of the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. The objectives were to quantify the (1) increase in response rate associated with successive survey methods, (2) time to completion with each successive step, (3) contribution from the final method and personal contact, and (4) differences in response rate and mode of response by practice/practitioner characteristics...
September 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705026/the-association-between-peer-and-self-assessments-and-professionalism-lapses-among-medical-students
#2
Leslie A Hoffman, Ronald L Shew, T Robert Vu, James J Brokaw, Richard M Frankel
Peer and self-assessments are widely used to assess professionalism during medical school as part of a multisource feedback model. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between peer and self-assessments and professionalism lapses at a large medical school. A retrospective case-control study design was used to compare peer and self-assessment scores from Years 1 to 3 of medical school for students who had been cited for professionalism lapses during medical school (case group; n = 78) with those of a randomly selected control group ( n = 230)...
June 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705023/helping-hospitals-improve-patient-centeredness-assessing-the-impact-of-feedback-following-a-best-practices-workshop
#3
Christoph Kowalski, William H Yeaton, Kathrin Kuhr, Holger Pfaff
Regularly reported patient surveys are an important dimension of hospital quality management. This study investigates whether providing hospital staff with interim feedback on patient survey results following a best practices workshop can help hospitals improve patient centeredness. Standardized surveys with consecutive patient samples were administered in accredited breast cancer center (BCC) hospitals in one German state (18 million inhabitants), over a 6-month period, in 2012. Two studies were conducted by applying a combination of regression point displacement (RPD) and interrupted time series (ITS) designs...
June 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705028/development-of-a-computer-adaptive-test-for-depression-based-on-the-dutch-flemish-version-of-the-promis-item-bank
#4
Gerard Flens, Niels Smits, Caroline B Terwee, Joost Dekker, Irma Huijbrechts, Edwin de Beurs
We developed a Dutch-Flemish version of the patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS) adult V1.0 item bank for depression as input for computerized adaptive testing (CAT). As item bank, we used the Dutch-Flemish translation of the original PROMIS item bank (28 items) and additionally translated 28 U.S. depression items that failed to make the final U.S. item bank. Through psychometric analysis of a combined clinical and general population sample ( N = 2,010), 8 added items were removed...
March 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705012/the-relationship-between-core-members-social-capital-and-perceived-and-externally-evaluated-prestige-and-cooperation-among-hiv-aids-related-civil-society-organizations-in-china
#5
Danni Wang, Xiaoru Xu, Guangliang Mei, Ying Ma, Ren Chen, Xia Qin, Zhi Hu
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the core members' social capital was associated with individually perceived and externally evaluated prestige and cooperation among the HIV/AIDS-related civil society organizations (CSOs). To accomplish this, a cross-sectional study using multistage sampling was carried out in eight provinces of China. Data were collected from the 327 core members via questionnaires and self-evaluated performance of the respondents were evaluated and measured. The interviews were conducted with all core members and the supervisory staff of the local Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
March 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727944/computer-based-case-simulations-for-assessment-in-health-care-a-literature-review-of-validity-evidence
#6
Robyn C Ward, Timothy J Muckle, Michael J Kremer, Mary Anne Krogh
Simulation for education and training in health-care professions has been widely applied. However, its value as an assessment tool for competence is not fully known. Logistical barriers of simulation-based assessments have led some health-care organizations to utilize computer-based case simulations (CCSs) for assessment. This article provides a review of the literature on the identification of psychometrically sound, CCS instruments designed to measure decision-making competence in health-care professionals...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692318/misconceptions-and-malpractices-toward-antibiotic-use-in-childhood-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-among-a-cohort-of-lebanese-parents
#7
Ghada El Khoury, Elsy Ramia, Pascale Salameh
Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging global health threat. Misuse and abuse of antibiotics are of particular concern in the pediatric population. Since management of childhood illnesses depends considerably on parents' perceptions, the objectives of this study were to report parents' perspectives and assess their practices toward antibiotics used for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in children. Using a cross-sectional design, anonymous structured questionnaires were completed by 1,037 parents in public and private schools across Lebanon's largest governorate...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908572/patient-perception-of-enough-time-spent-with-provider-is-a-mechanism-for-improving-women-veterans-experiences-with-va-outpatient-health-care
#8
Mark Trentalange, Mark Bielawski, Terrence E Murphy, Katarzyna Lessard, Cynthia Brandt, Bevanne Bean-Mayberry, Natalya C Maisel, Steven M Wright, Heather Allore, Melissa Skanderson, Evelyn Reyes-Harvey, Vera Gaetano, Sally Haskell, Lori A Bastian
We postulated that associations between two specific provider characteristics, class (nurse practitioner relative to physician) and primary care providers who are proficient and interested in women's health (designated women's provider relative to nondesignated) and overall satisfaction with provider, were mediated through women veterans' perception of enough time spent with the provider. A national patient experience survey was administered to 7,620 women veterans. Multivariable models of overall patient satisfaction with provider were compared with and without the proposed mediator...
December 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26755527/how-physicians-patients-and-observers-compare-on-the-use-of-qualitative-and-quantitative-measures-of-physician-patient-communication
#9
Howard S Gordon, Richard L Street
The purpose of this study was to compare several different measures of physician-patient communication. We compared data derived from different measures of three communication behaviors, patient participation, physician information giving, and physician participatory decision-making (PDM) style, from 83 outpatient visits to oncology or thoracic surgery clinics for pulmonary nodules or lung cancer. Communication was measured with rating scales completed by patients and physicians after the consultation and by two different groups of external observers who used rating scales or coded the frequency of communication behaviors, respectively, after listening to an audio recording of the consultation...
December 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899687/reliability-and-validity-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-serbian-translation
#10
Martin B Popević, Aleksandar P S Milovanović, Srdjan Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Marija Velaga
The aim of this study was translating and exploring psychometric properties of Serbian Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in a sample of "good" and "bad" sleepers suffering from depression or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Formal translation and validation were performed on a sample of healthy controls, patients with untreated OSA, and with diagnosed major depressive disorder with evaluation of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct and criterion validity. Controls and OSA subgroups were recruited from a larger sample of commercial drivers...
November 28, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856680/linking-existing-instruments-to-develop-an-activity-of-daily-living-item-bank
#11
Chih-Ying Li, Sergio Romero, Heather S Bonilha, Kit N Simpson, Annie N Simpson, Ickpyo Hong, Craig A Velozo
This study examined dimensionality and item-level psychometric properties of an item bank measuring activities of daily living (ADL) across inpatient rehabilitation facilities and community living centers. Common person equating method was used in the retrospective veterans data set. This study examined dimensionality, model fit, local independence, and monotonicity using factor analyses and fit statistics, principal component analysis (PCA), and differential item functioning (DIF) using Rasch analysis. Following the elimination of invalid data, 371 veterans who completed both the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and minimum data set (MDS) within 6 days were retained...
November 16, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821548/meeting-the-challenges-of-longitudinal-cluster-based-trials-in-schools-lessons-from-the-chicago-trial-of-positive-action
#12
Kendra M Lewis, David L DuBois, Peter Ji, Joseph Day, Naida Silverthorn, Niloofar Bavarian, Samuel Vuchinich, Alan Acock, Margaret Malloy, Marc Schure, Brian R Flay
We describe challenges in the 6-year longitudinal cluster randomized controlled trial (CRCT) of Positive Action (PA), a social-emotional and character development (SECD) program, conducted in 14 low-income, urban Chicago Public Schools. Challenges pertained to logistics of study planning (school recruitment, retention of schools during the trial, consent rates, assessment of student outcomes, and confidentiality), study design (randomization of a small number of schools), fidelity (implementation of PA and control condition activities), and evaluation (restricted range of outcomes, measurement invariance, statistical power, student mobility, and moderators of program effects)...
November 7, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765886/a-factor-analytic-investigation-of-the-person-in-recovery-and-provider-versions-of-the-revised-recovery-self-assessment-rsa-r
#13
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, Elke Ham, Laura C Ball
Recovery is understood as living a life with hope, purpose, autonomy, productivity, and community engagement despite a mental illness. The aim of this study was to provide further information on the psychometric properties of the Person-in-Recovery and Provider versions of the Revised Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA-R), a widely used measure of recovery orientation. Data from 654 individuals were analyzed, 519 of whom were treatment providers (63.6% female), while 135 were inpatients (10.4% female) of a Canadian tertiary-level psychiatric hospital...
October 20, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760879/investigating-the-performance-of-second-language-medical-students-on-lengthy-clinical-vignettes
#14
Mark R Raymond, Yu Ling, Irina Grabovsky
This study evaluated the extent to which medical students with limited English-language experience are differentially impacted by the additional reading load of test items consisting of long clinical vignettes. Participants included 25,012 examinees who completed Step 2 of the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination®. Test items were categorized into five levels based on the number of words per item, and examinee scores at each level were evaluated as a function of English-language experience (English as a second language [ESL] status and scores on a test of English-speaking proficiency)...
October 19, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664122/organizational-capabilities-for-integrating-care-a-review-of-measurement-tools
#15
Jenna M Evans, Agnes Grudniewicz, G Ross Baker, Walter P Wodchis
The success of integrated care interventions is highly dependent on the internal and collective capabilities of the organizations in which they are implemented. Yet, organizational capabilities are rarely described, understood, or measured with sufficient depth and breadth in empirical studies or in practice. Assessing these capabilities can contribute to understanding why some integrated care interventions are more effective than others. We identified, organized, and assessed survey instruments that measure the internal and collective organizational capabilities required for integrated care delivery...
September 22, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653774/improving-initiation-and-tracking-of-research-projects-at-an-academic-health-center-a-case-study
#16
Susanne Schmidt, Martin Goros, Helen M Parsons, Can Saygin, Hung-Da Wan, Paula K Shireman, Jonathan A L Gelfond
Research service cores at academic health centers are important in driving translational advancements. Specifically, biostatistics and research design units provide services and training in data analytics, biostatistics, and study design. However, the increasing demand and complexity of assigning appropriate personnel to time-sensitive projects strains existing resources, potentially decreasing productivity and increasing costs. Improving processes for project initiation, assigning appropriate personnel, and tracking time-sensitive projects can eliminate bottlenecks and utilize resources more efficiently...
September 20, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649714/psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-personal-diabetes-questionnaire-among-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Li Cheng, Doris Y P Leung, Yu-Ning Wu, Janet W H Sit, Miao-Yan Yang, Xiao-Mei Li
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire (C-PDQ). The PDQ was translated into Chinese using a forward and backward translation approach. After being reviewed by an expert panel, the C-PDQ was administered to a convenience sample of 346 adults with Type 2 diabetes. The Chinese version of the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (C-SDSCA) was also administered. The results of the exploratory factor analysis revealed a one-factor structure for the Diet Knowledge, Decision-Making, and Eating Problems subscales and a two-factor structure for the barriers-related subscales...
September 20, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103638/factor-structure-and-construct-validity-of-the-worker-role-self-assessment-wrs-when-used-for-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities-in-sweden
#18
Mona Eklund, Martin Bäckström
A self-report instrument assessing work-related factors among people with psychiatric disabilities would be useful when trying to match possible employment or prevocational opportunities with people's desires and capacities. The aim of this study was to explore the factor structure, internal consistency, and construct and criterion validity of the Worker Role Self-Assessment (WRS) in this group as well as possible floor and ceiling effects. The participants were 283 clients from day centers for people with psychiatric disabilities and from outpatient units for people with psychosis...
September 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000131/extending-our-understanding-of-burnout-and-its-associated-factors-providers-and-staff-in-primary-care-clinics
#19
William M Spinelli, Karl M Fernstrom, Dylan L Galos, Heather R Britt
Burnout has been identified as an occupational hazard in the helping professions for many years and is often overlooked, as health-care systems strive to improve cost and quality. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Areas of Worklife Survey (AWS) are tools for assessing burnout prevalence and its associated factors. We describe how we used them in outpatient clinics to assess burnout for multiple job types. Traditional statistical techniques and seemingly unrelated regression were used to describe the sample and evaluate the association between work life domains and burnout...
September 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26660532/characterizing-factors-of-employment-status-in-persons-with-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Fang-Pei Chen, Sharon Samet, Prakash Gorroochurn, Kathleen M O'Hara
Employment is fundamental to mental health recovery. The aim of this study is to construct a parsimonious profile indicating employment potential of people with major depressive disorder (MDD) to facilitate clinical assessment on employment participation. Data were drawn from Waves 1 (2001-2002) and 2 (2004-2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. We included participants who had MDD at Wave 1 and were interviewed in both waves (N = 2,864). We conducted Classification and Regression Tree (CART) analysis to identify key characterizing factors of Wave 2 employment among 32 Wave 1 risk and protective factors...
September 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
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