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Evaluation & the Health Professions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334770/student-perceptions-of-collaboration-skills-in-an-interprofessional-context-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-self-assessed-collaboration-skills-instrument
#1
Leslie Hinyard, Eileen Toomey, Kathrin Eliot, Anthony Breitbach
An integral component of interprofessional education (IPE) is the development of a collaboration-ready health-care workforce. While collaboration is a fundamental element of IPE, there is no existing measure of collaboration skills that is not context specific. This article describes the development and initial validation of the Self-Assessed Collaboration Skills (SACS) measure. Items were initially drawn from the Collaboration Skills Assessment Tool rubric, an educational assessment tool. The SACS measure was piloted in a sample of students in an introductory IPE course...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096556/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-the-food-choice-priorities-survey-fcps-assessing-the-importance-of-multiple-factors-on-college-students-food-choices
#2
Melissa J Vilaro, Wenjun Zhou, Sarah E Colby, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Kristin Riggsbee, Melissa D Olfert, Tracey E Barnett, Anne E Mathews
Understanding factors that influence food choice may help improve diet quality. Factors that commonly affect adults' food choices have been described, but measures that identify and assess food choice factors specific to college students are lacking. This study developed and tested the Food Choice Priorities Survey (FCPS) among college students. Thirty-seven undergraduates participated in two focus groups ( n = 19; 11 in the male-only group, 8 in the female-only group) and interviews ( n = 18) regarding typical influences on food choice...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096555/psychometric-properties-of-the-flourishing-scale-and-measurement-invariance-between-two-samples-of-spanish-university-students
#3
Rocio De la Fuente, Agueda Parra, Inmaculada Sánchez-Queija
The Flourishing Scale (FS), created by Diener et al., is a brief subjective perception measurement which assesses flourishing and provides a single score across 8 items. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the FS. Participants were 1,502 university students from different faculties and fields of knowledge. The results reveal good internal consistency. The single factor structure of the FS was supported by the multigroup confirmatory factor analysis, which also provided evidence of the invariant structure of the scale across two subsamples...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821548/meeting-the-challenges-of-longitudinal-cluster-based-trials-in-schools-lessons-from-the-chicago-trial-of-positive-action
#4
Kendra M Lewis, David L DuBois, Peter Ji, Joseph Day, Naida Silverthorn, Niloofar Bavarian, Samuel Vuchinich, Alan Acock, Margaret Malloy, Marc Schure, Brian R Flay
We describe challenges in the 6-year longitudinal cluster randomized controlled trial (CRCT) of Positive Action (PA), a social-emotional and character development (SECD) program, conducted in 14 low-income, urban Chicago Public Schools. Challenges pertained to logistics of study planning (school recruitment, retention of schools during the trial, consent rates, assessment of student outcomes, and confidentiality), study design (randomization of a small number of schools), fidelity (implementation of PA and control condition activities), and evaluation (restricted range of outcomes, measurement invariance, statistical power, student mobility, and moderators of program effects)...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765886/a-factor-analytic-investigation-of-the-person-in-recovery-and-provider-versions-of-the-revised-recovery-self-assessment-rsa-r
#5
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, Elke Ham, Laura C Ball
Recovery is understood as living a life with hope, purpose, autonomy, productivity, and community engagement despite a mental illness. The aim of this study was to provide further information on the psychometric properties of the Person-in-Recovery and Provider versions of the Revised Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA-R), a widely used measure of recovery orientation. Data from 654 individuals were analyzed, 519 of whom were treatment providers (63.6% female), while 135 were inpatients (10.4% female) of a Canadian tertiary-level psychiatric hospital...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573914/emerging-adulthood-a-time-of-changes-in-psychosocial-well-being
#6
Stéphanie Baggio, Joseph Studer, Katia Iglesias, Jean-Bernard Daeppen, Gerhard Gmel
The principal aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial well-being of emerging adults using psychological states associated with this transitional phase and classic measures of emerging adulthood. We expected psychological states to be more closely associated with psychological well-being than classic markers of achieved adulthood. Data were collected in the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors from 4,991 Swiss men aged 18-25 years. The assessment included the Short Form of the Inventory of Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA-8), classic markers of achieved adulthood (e...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468859/the-revised-inventory-of-the-dimensions-of-emerging-adulthood-idea-r-and-substance-use-among-college-students
#7
Jon-Patrick Allem, Steve Sussman, Jennifer B Unger
Transition-to-adulthood themes, or thoughts and feelings about emerging adulthood, have been measured by the Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA) and found to be associated with substance use among emerging adults. It has been suggested, however, that the IDEA is lengthy and may not include the most unique and theoretically relevant constructs of emerging adulthood. The Revised Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA-R) was developed as an alternative instrument, but research has yet to determine the relationship between the IDEA-R and substance use among emerging adults (ages 18-25 years)...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307056/two-year-follow-up-of-a-sexual-health-promotion-program-for-spanish-adolescents
#8
Jose P Espada, Silvia Escribano, Alexandra Morales, Mireia Orgilés
The aim is to evaluate the effects of the Competencias para adolescentes con una sexualidad saludable (COMPAS) program and compare them with an evidence-based program ( ¡Cuídate!) and a control group (CG). Eighteen public high schools were randomly assigned to one of the three experimental conditions. Initially, 1,563 Spanish adolescents between 14 and 16 years of age participated, and 24 months after their implementation, 635 of them completed a survey. Self-report measures collected data on sexual behavior, knowledge, attitudes, intention, sexual risk perception, and perceived norm...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730884/the-effect-of-financial-compensation-on-willingness-to-supply-a-child-s-blood-sample-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Yubraj Acharya, Edward C Norton, Julie C Lumeng
Medical researchers frequently need to collect blood samples from study participants. The determination of whether and how much compensation to provide to the participants is challenging. Institutional review boards typically allow researchers to provide a compensation that reimburses participants for their time and effort but is not so large as to be coercive. Using a randomized controlled trial, we estimate parents' responsiveness to financial compensation in terms of their willingness to provide their child's blood sample...
September 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26755526/survey-methods-to-optimize-response-rate-in-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#10
Ellen Funkhouser, Kavya Vellala, Camille Baltuck, Rita Cacciato, Emily Durand, Deborah McEdward, Ellen Sowell, Sarah E Theisen, Gregg H Gilbert
Surveys of health professionals typically have low response rates, and these rates have been decreasing in the recent years. We report on the methods used in a successful survey of dentist members of the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. The objectives were to quantify the (1) increase in response rate associated with successive survey methods, (2) time to completion with each successive step, (3) contribution from the final method and personal contact, and (4) differences in response rate and mode of response by practice/practitioner characteristics...
September 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705026/the-association-between-peer-and-self-assessments-and-professionalism-lapses-among-medical-students
#11
Leslie A Hoffman, Ronald L Shew, T Robert Vu, James J Brokaw, Richard M Frankel
Peer and self-assessments are widely used to assess professionalism during medical school as part of a multisource feedback model. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between peer and self-assessments and professionalism lapses at a large medical school. A retrospective case-control study design was used to compare peer and self-assessment scores from Years 1 to 3 of medical school for students who had been cited for professionalism lapses during medical school (case group; n = 78) with those of a randomly selected control group ( n = 230)...
June 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705023/helping-hospitals-improve-patient-centeredness-assessing-the-impact-of-feedback-following-a-best-practices-workshop
#12
Christoph Kowalski, William H Yeaton, Kathrin Kuhr, Holger Pfaff
Regularly reported patient surveys are an important dimension of hospital quality management. This study investigates whether providing hospital staff with interim feedback on patient survey results following a best practices workshop can help hospitals improve patient centeredness. Standardized surveys with consecutive patient samples were administered in accredited breast cancer center (BCC) hospitals in one German state (18 million inhabitants), over a 6-month period, in 2012. Two studies were conducted by applying a combination of regression point displacement (RPD) and interrupted time series (ITS) designs...
June 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705028/development-of-a-computer-adaptive-test-for-depression-based-on-the-dutch-flemish-version-of-the-promis-item-bank
#13
Gerard Flens, Niels Smits, Caroline B Terwee, Joost Dekker, Irma Huijbrechts, Edwin de Beurs
We developed a Dutch-Flemish version of the patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS) adult V1.0 item bank for depression as input for computerized adaptive testing (CAT). As item bank, we used the Dutch-Flemish translation of the original PROMIS item bank (28 items) and additionally translated 28 U.S. depression items that failed to make the final U.S. item bank. Through psychometric analysis of a combined clinical and general population sample ( N = 2,010), 8 added items were removed...
March 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705012/the-relationship-between-core-members-social-capital-and-perceived-and-externally-evaluated-prestige-and-cooperation-among-hiv-aids-related-civil-society-organizations-in-china
#14
Danni Wang, Xiaoru Xu, Guangliang Mei, Ying Ma, Ren Chen, Xia Qin, Zhi Hu
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the core members' social capital was associated with individually perceived and externally evaluated prestige and cooperation among the HIV/AIDS-related civil society organizations (CSOs). To accomplish this, a cross-sectional study using multistage sampling was carried out in eight provinces of China. Data were collected from the 327 core members via questionnaires and self-evaluated performance of the respondents were evaluated and measured. The interviews were conducted with all core members and the supervisory staff of the local Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
March 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254369/advancing-the-study-of-adolescent-substance-use-through-the-use-of-integrative-data-analysis
#15
Patrick J Curran, Veronica Cole, Michael Giordano, A R Georgeson, Andrea M Hussong, Daniel J Bauer
A wealth of information is currently known about the epidemiology, etiology, and evaluation of drug and alcohol use across the life span. Despite this corpus of knowledge, much has yet to be learned. Many factors conspire to slow the pace of future advances in the field of substance use including the need for long-term longitudinal studies of often hard-to-reach subjects who are reporting rare and episodic behaviors. One promising option that might help move the field forward is integrative data analysis (IDA)...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246086/positive-and-negative-affect-schedule-panas-psychometric-properties-and-discriminative-capacity-in-several-chilean-samples
#16
Pablo Vera-Villarroel, Alfonso Urzúa, Daniela Jaime, Daniela Contreras, Izabela Zych, Karem Celis-Atenas, Jaime R Silva, Sebastian Lillo
We evaluated the factor structure, reliability, and discriminative capacity of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) questionnaire in four different samples: two general adult populations ( N = 1,548, N = 964), one adolescent population ( N = 1,044), and young people with depressive symptomatology ( N = 307). Exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) were performed with subsamples from Studies 1 ( n = 773) and 2 ( n = 527), finding that the two- and three-factor solutions had a good fit. In a confirmatory factor analysis, the two-factor solution resulted in an adequate fit in a second set of subsamples from both studies ( n = 775, n = 517)...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246085/development-of-the-family-stigma-stress-scale-fsss-for-detecting-stigma-stress-in-caregivers-of-people-with-mental-illness
#17
Chih-Cheng Chang, Jian-An Su, Kun-Chia Chang, Chung-Ying Lin, Mirja Koschorke, Nicolas Rüsch, Graham Thornicroft
People with mental illness and their family caregivers often perceive public stigma, which may lead to stigma-related stress (or stigma stress). However, no instruments have been developed to measure this stress for family caregivers of people with mental illness. We modified an instrument that measures the stigma stress of people with mental illness (i.e., the cognitive appraisal of stigma as a stressor) and examined the psychometric properties of the scores of the newly developed instrument: the Family Stigma Stress Scale (FSSS)...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179561/development-and-validation-of-the-activities-of-daily-living-short-form-for-community-dwelling-korean-stroke-survivors
#18
Ickpyo Hong, Eun-Young Yoo, Abby Swanson Kazley, Danbi Lee, Chih-Ying Li, Timothy A Reistetter
This study developed and validated a short form (SF) using activities of daily living (ADL) outcome measures from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) that can minimize survey administration burden for clinicians. This study utilized secondary data from the 2005 KNHANES with 422 community-dwelling stroke survivors. The KNHANES data were collected from April to June 2005 in South Korea. We created a 7-item SF from the 17 ADL questions in the survey using item response theory (IRT) methodologies...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179560/the-association-between-hospital-characteristics-and-nonresponse-in-organization-survey-an-analysis-of-the-national-healthcare-establishment-and-workforce-survey-in-malaysia
#19
Chee Yoong Foo, Daniel D Reidpath, Sheamini Sivasampu
In any survey where some of the invited participants fail to respond estimates may be biased. The literature on survey nonresponse is substantial, and the intellectual focus has typically been on the nonresponse of individuals. An important yet less scrutinized area in the analysis of nonresponse is in organizational surveys, particularly surveys of health-care organizations. This study used data from the 2010 National Healthcare Establishment and Workforce Survey in Malaysia to examine the relationship between a set of measurable hospital attributes and their probability of survey response and the relationship between this probability and the differences in survey estimates...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179559/does-exercise-during-pregnancy-affect-placental-weight-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Ruben Barakat, Marina Vargas, Maia Brik, Irene Fernandez, Javier Gil, Javier Coteron, Belen Santacruz
Placental weight (PW) is a measure commonly used to summarize growth and aspects of placental function. In a normal pregnancy, it is reasonable to assume that PW is related to aspects of the functional capacity of the placenta. The placenta, as the site for all maternal-fetal oxygen and nutrient exchange, influences birth weight and is thus central to a successful pregnancy outcome. PW is the most common way to characterize placental growth, which relates to placental function. With physical exercise becoming an integral part of life for many women, the question of whether exercise during pregnancy has an adverse effect on the growing fetus is very important...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
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