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Evaluation & the Health Professions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730884/the-effect-of-financial-compensation-on-willingness-to-supply-a-child-s-blood-sample-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Yubraj Acharya, Edward C Norton, Julie C Lumeng
Medical researchers frequently need to collect blood samples from study participants. The determination of whether and how much compensation to provide to the participants is challenging. Institutional review boards typically allow researchers to provide a compensation that reimburses participants for their time and effort but is not so large as to be coercive. Using a randomized controlled trial, we estimate parents' responsiveness to financial compensation in terms of their willingness to provide their child's blood sample...
September 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26755526/survey-methods-to-optimize-response-rate-in-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#2
Ellen Funkhouser, Kavya Vellala, Camille Baltuck, Rita Cacciato, Emily Durand, Deborah McEdward, Ellen Sowell, Sarah E Theisen, Gregg H Gilbert
Surveys of health professionals typically have low response rates, and these rates have been decreasing in the recent years. We report on the methods used in a successful survey of dentist members of the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. The objectives were to quantify the (1) increase in response rate associated with successive survey methods, (2) time to completion with each successive step, (3) contribution from the final method and personal contact, and (4) differences in response rate and mode of response by practice/practitioner characteristics...
September 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705026/the-association-between-peer-and-self-assessments-and-professionalism-lapses-among-medical-students
#3
Leslie A Hoffman, Ronald L Shew, T Robert Vu, James J Brokaw, Richard M Frankel
Peer and self-assessments are widely used to assess professionalism during medical school as part of a multisource feedback model. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between peer and self-assessments and professionalism lapses at a large medical school. A retrospective case-control study design was used to compare peer and self-assessment scores from Years 1 to 3 of medical school for students who had been cited for professionalism lapses during medical school (case group; n = 78) with those of a randomly selected control group ( n = 230)...
June 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705023/helping-hospitals-improve-patient-centeredness-assessing-the-impact-of-feedback-following-a-best-practices-workshop
#4
Christoph Kowalski, William H Yeaton, Kathrin Kuhr, Holger Pfaff
Regularly reported patient surveys are an important dimension of hospital quality management. This study investigates whether providing hospital staff with interim feedback on patient survey results following a best practices workshop can help hospitals improve patient centeredness. Standardized surveys with consecutive patient samples were administered in accredited breast cancer center (BCC) hospitals in one German state (18 million inhabitants), over a 6-month period, in 2012. Two studies were conducted by applying a combination of regression point displacement (RPD) and interrupted time series (ITS) designs...
June 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705028/development-of-a-computer-adaptive-test-for-depression-based-on-the-dutch-flemish-version-of-the-promis-item-bank
#5
Gerard Flens, Niels Smits, Caroline B Terwee, Joost Dekker, Irma Huijbrechts, Edwin de Beurs
We developed a Dutch-Flemish version of the patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS) adult V1.0 item bank for depression as input for computerized adaptive testing (CAT). As item bank, we used the Dutch-Flemish translation of the original PROMIS item bank (28 items) and additionally translated 28 U.S. depression items that failed to make the final U.S. item bank. Through psychometric analysis of a combined clinical and general population sample ( N = 2,010), 8 added items were removed...
March 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705012/the-relationship-between-core-members-social-capital-and-perceived-and-externally-evaluated-prestige-and-cooperation-among-hiv-aids-related-civil-society-organizations-in-china
#6
Danni Wang, Xiaoru Xu, Guangliang Mei, Ying Ma, Ren Chen, Xia Qin, Zhi Hu
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the core members' social capital was associated with individually perceived and externally evaluated prestige and cooperation among the HIV/AIDS-related civil society organizations (CSOs). To accomplish this, a cross-sectional study using multistage sampling was carried out in eight provinces of China. Data were collected from the 327 core members via questionnaires and self-evaluated performance of the respondents were evaluated and measured. The interviews were conducted with all core members and the supervisory staff of the local Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
March 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934863/effects-of-job-burnout-and-emotional-labor-on-objective-structured-clinical-examination-performance-among-interns-and-residents-in-taiwan
#7
Chen-Yu Wang, Jen-De Chen, Chih-Hung Wang, Jong-Yi Wang, Chih-Jaan Tai, Tsu-Yi Hsieh, Der-Yuan Chen
Medical education faces challenges concerning job burnout and emotional labor among junior physicians, which poses a potential threat to the quality of medical care. Although studies have investigated job burnout and emotional labor among physicians, empirical research on the association between job burnout, emotional labor, and clinical performance is lacking. This study investigated the effects of job burnout and emotional labor on clinical performance by using the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores of interns and residents...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868907/new-device-for-intrinsic-hand-muscle-strength-measurement-an-alternative-to-strain-gauge-handheld-dynamometer
#8
Jagannathan Madhanagopal, Om Prakash Singh, Vikram Mohan, Kathiresan V Sathasivam, Abdul Hafidz Omar, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir
An accurate measurement of intrinsic hand muscle strength (IHMS) is required by clinicians for effective clinical decision-making, diagnosis of certain diseases, and evaluation of the outcome of treatment. In practice, the clinicians use Intrins-o-meter and Rotterdam Intrinsic Hand Myometer for IHMS measurement. These are quite bulky, expensive, and possess poor interobserver reliability (37-52%) and sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to develop an alternative lightweight, accurate, cost-effective force measurement device with a simple electronic circuit and test its suitability for IHMS measurement...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835117/measuring-opportunities-for-engaging-in-meaningful-home-based-activities-in-housing-services-for-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities-development-of-the-perceived-meaning-of-activity-in-housing-pma-h
#9
Mona Eklund, David Brunt
There is a scarcity of instruments for assessing opportunities for residents with psychiatric disabilities to engage in meaningful home-based activities. We thus developed the Perceived Meaning of Activity in Housing (PMA-H), containing four subscales (activity opportunities, social interaction, developing as a person, and organization and planning). The aim of the study was to investigate the content validity, utility, internal consistency and concurrent and criterion validity of the PMA-H, as well as possible floor and ceiling effects...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835116/estimation-of-the-percentage-of-newly-diagnosed-hiv-positive-persons-linked-to-hiv-medical-care-in-cdc-funded-hiv-testing-programs
#10
Guoshen Wang, Yi Pan, Puja Seth, Ruiguang Song, Lisa Belcher
Missing data create challenges for determining progress made in linking HIV-positive persons to HIV medical care. Statistical methods are not used to address missing program data on linkage. In 2014, 61 health department jurisdictions were funded by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and submitted data on HIV testing, newly diagnosed HIV-positive persons, and linkage to HIV medical care. Missing or unusable data existed in our data set. A new approach using multiple imputation to address missing linkage data was proposed, and results were compared to the current approach that uses data with complete information...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770628/effects-of-a-knee-brace-with-a-patellar-hole-versus-without-a-patellar-hole-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Marco Aurélio Nemitalla Added, Caroline Added, Karina Tamy Kasawara, Viviane Perez Rotta, Diego Galace de Freitas
The objective of this study was to observe the immediate effect of a knee brace with a patellar hole versus without a patellar hole on pain perception in patients with knee osteoarthritis. To accomplish this, a double-blind, randomized controlled trial enrolled 108 patients divided into two groups (knee brace with a patellar hole or without a patellar hole). Patients were evaluated by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) in order to measure their pain sensation, the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test was used to evaluate their ability to walk, and the 8-m walking test (8MWT) was used to estimate their walking speed...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727944/computer-based-case-simulations-for-assessment-in-health-care-a-literature-review-of-validity-evidence
#12
Robyn C Ward, Timothy J Muckle, Michael J Kremer, Mary Anne Krogh
Simulation for education and training in health-care professions has been widely applied. However, its value as an assessment tool for competence is not fully known. Logistical barriers of simulation-based assessments have led some health-care organizations to utilize computer-based case simulations (CCSs) for assessment. This article provides a review of the literature on the identification of psychometrically sound, CCS instruments designed to measure decision-making competence in health-care professionals...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692318/misconceptions-and-malpractices-toward-antibiotic-use-in-childhood-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-among-a-cohort-of-lebanese-parents
#13
Ghada El Khoury, Elsy Ramia, Pascale Salameh
Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging global health threat. Misuse and abuse of antibiotics are of particular concern in the pediatric population. Since management of childhood illnesses depends considerably on parents' perceptions, the objectives of this study were to report parents' perspectives and assess their practices toward antibiotics used for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in children. Using a cross-sectional design, anonymous structured questionnaires were completed by 1,037 parents in public and private schools across Lebanon's largest governorate...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908572/patient-perception-of-enough-time-spent-with-provider-is-a-mechanism-for-improving-women-veterans-experiences-with-va-outpatient-health-care
#14
Mark Trentalange, Mark Bielawski, Terrence E Murphy, Katarzyna Lessard, Cynthia Brandt, Bevanne Bean-Mayberry, Natalya C Maisel, Steven M Wright, Heather Allore, Melissa Skanderson, Evelyn Reyes-Harvey, Vera Gaetano, Sally Haskell, Lori A Bastian
We postulated that associations between two specific provider characteristics, class (nurse practitioner relative to physician) and primary care providers who are proficient and interested in women's health (designated women's provider relative to nondesignated) and overall satisfaction with provider, were mediated through women veterans' perception of enough time spent with the provider. A national patient experience survey was administered to 7,620 women veterans. Multivariable models of overall patient satisfaction with provider were compared with and without the proposed mediator...
December 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26755527/how-physicians-patients-and-observers-compare-on-the-use-of-qualitative-and-quantitative-measures-of-physician-patient-communication
#15
Howard S Gordon, Richard L Street
The purpose of this study was to compare several different measures of physician-patient communication. We compared data derived from different measures of three communication behaviors, patient participation, physician information giving, and physician participatory decision-making (PDM) style, from 83 outpatient visits to oncology or thoracic surgery clinics for pulmonary nodules or lung cancer. Communication was measured with rating scales completed by patients and physicians after the consultation and by two different groups of external observers who used rating scales or coded the frequency of communication behaviors, respectively, after listening to an audio recording of the consultation...
December 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899687/reliability-and-validity-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-serbian-translation
#16
Martin B Popević, Aleksandar P S Milovanović, Srdjan Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Marija Velaga
The aim of this study was translating and exploring psychometric properties of Serbian Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in a sample of "good" and "bad" sleepers suffering from depression or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Formal translation and validation were performed on a sample of healthy controls, patients with untreated OSA, and with diagnosed major depressive disorder with evaluation of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct and criterion validity. Controls and OSA subgroups were recruited from a larger sample of commercial drivers...
November 28, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856680/linking-existing-instruments-to-develop-an-activity-of-daily-living-item-bank
#17
Chih-Ying Li, Sergio Romero, Heather S Bonilha, Kit N Simpson, Annie N Simpson, Ickpyo Hong, Craig A Velozo
This study examined dimensionality and item-level psychometric properties of an item bank measuring activities of daily living (ADL) across inpatient rehabilitation facilities and community living centers. Common person equating method was used in the retrospective veterans data set. This study examined dimensionality, model fit, local independence, and monotonicity using factor analyses and fit statistics, principal component analysis (PCA), and differential item functioning (DIF) using Rasch analysis. Following the elimination of invalid data, 371 veterans who completed both the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and minimum data set (MDS) within 6 days were retained...
November 16, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821548/meeting-the-challenges-of-longitudinal-cluster-based-trials-in-schools-lessons-from-the-chicago-trial-of-positive-action
#18
Kendra M Lewis, David L DuBois, Peter Ji, Joseph Day, Naida Silverthorn, Niloofar Bavarian, Samuel Vuchinich, Alan Acock, Margaret Malloy, Marc Schure, Brian R Flay
We describe challenges in the 6-year longitudinal cluster randomized controlled trial (CRCT) of Positive Action (PA), a social-emotional and character development (SECD) program, conducted in 14 low-income, urban Chicago Public Schools. Challenges pertained to logistics of study planning (school recruitment, retention of schools during the trial, consent rates, assessment of student outcomes, and confidentiality), study design (randomization of a small number of schools), fidelity (implementation of PA and control condition activities), and evaluation (restricted range of outcomes, measurement invariance, statistical power, student mobility, and moderators of program effects)...
November 7, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765886/a-factor-analytic-investigation-of-the-person-in-recovery-and-provider-versions-of-the-revised-recovery-self-assessment-rsa-r
#19
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, Elke Ham, Laura C Ball
Recovery is understood as living a life with hope, purpose, autonomy, productivity, and community engagement despite a mental illness. The aim of this study was to provide further information on the psychometric properties of the Person-in-Recovery and Provider versions of the Revised Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA-R), a widely used measure of recovery orientation. Data from 654 individuals were analyzed, 519 of whom were treatment providers (63.6% female), while 135 were inpatients (10.4% female) of a Canadian tertiary-level psychiatric hospital...
October 20, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760879/investigating-the-performance-of-second-language-medical-students-on-lengthy-clinical-vignettes
#20
Mark R Raymond, Yu Ling, Irina Grabovsky
This study evaluated the extent to which medical students with limited English-language experience are differentially impacted by the additional reading load of test items consisting of long clinical vignettes. Participants included 25,012 examinees who completed Step 2 of the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination®. Test items were categorized into five levels based on the number of words per item, and examinee scores at each level were evaluated as a function of English-language experience (English as a second language [ESL] status and scores on a test of English-speaking proficiency)...
October 19, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
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