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Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454054/-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-investigation-on-the-effects-of-petrochemical-contamination-in-posterior-adductor-muscles-of-caged-mussel-mytilus-galloprovincialis
#1
Tiziana Cappello, Maria Maisano, Angela Mauceri, Salvatore Fasulo
Environmental metabolomics is a high-throughout approach that provides a snapshot of the metabolic status of an organism. In order to elucidate the biological effects of petrochemical contamination on aquatic invertebrates, mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis were caged at the "Augusta-Melilli-Priolo" petrochemical area and Brucoli (Sicily, south Italy), chosen as the reference site. After confirming the elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and mercury (Hg) in Augusta sediments in our previous work (Maisano et al...
April 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454053/source-identification-and-exchangeability-of-heavy-metals-accumulated-in-vegetable-soils-in-the-coastal-plain-of-eastern-zhejiang-province-china
#2
Xu Qiutong, Zhang Mingkui
Vegetable production in China is suffering increasingly heavy metal damages from various pollution sources including agricultural, industrial and other activities. It is of practical significance to understand the effects of human activities on the accumulation and exchangeability of soil heavy metals in vegetable fields. In this study, seventy-two arable layer samples of vegetable soils were collected from the Shaoxing coastal plain, a representative region of the coastal plain of eastern Zhejiang province, China for characterizing the effects of fertilization methods on accumulation and exchangeable heavy metals in soils (Exchangeable heavy metals in the soil samples were extracted by 0...
April 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454052/a-multi-biomarker-approach-in-scallop-chlamys-farreri-to-assess-the-impact-of-contaminants-in-qingdao-coastal-area-of-china
#3
Ruiming Guo, Luqing Pan, Rongwang Ji
A multi-biomarker approach was carried out to classify the environmental quality and the adverse effects of contaminants on scallop Chlamys farreri. The scallops were collected from three sampling stations in Qingdao coastal area of China in March, May, August and October of 2015. A suite of environmental factors and biomarkers, including temperature, salinity, pH, the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and metals (Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, As) in seawater and soft tissue, mRNA expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp), 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), uridine-diphosphate-glucuronyl-transferase (UGT), sulfotransferase (SULT), metallothionein (MT), Superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and protein carbonyl (PC) contents and DNA strand breaks, were measured in the gill and digestive gland...
April 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441625/influence-of-co-existed-tetrabromobisphenol-a-tbbpa-and-hexavalent-chromium-on-the-cellular-characteristics-of-pycnoporus-sanguineus-during-their-removal-and-reduction
#4
Mi Feng, Hua Yin, Hui Peng, Xintong Liu, Pingping Yang, Guining Lu, Zhi Dang
Simultaneous TBBPA removal and Cr(VI) reduction by Pycnoporus sanguineus together with the effect of these co-existed pollutants on the fungal cellular characteristics were investigated in this study, aiming at illuminating the mechanism involved in the interactions between contaminants and microbial cells. The results revealed that Cr(VI) reduction and TBBPA removal declined from 92.5%, 75.4-30.6%, 44.8% when Cr(VI) concentration increased from 5 to 40mg/L, respectively. The removal efficiencies for Cr(VI) and TBBPA reached 61...
April 22, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441624/various-soil-amendments-and-environmental-wastes-affect-the-im-mobilization-and-phytoavailability-of-potentially-toxic-elements-in-a-sewage-effluent-irrigated-sandy-soil
#5
Sabry M Shaheen, Mohamed S Shams, Mohamed R Khalifa, Mohamed A El-Dali, Jörg Rinklebe
Contamination of long-term sewage effluent irrigated soils by potentially toxic elements (PTEs) is a serious concern due to its high environmental and health risk. Our scientific hypothesis is that soil amendments can cause contradictory effects on the element mobilization and phytoavailability depending on the type of element and amendment. Therefore, we aimed to assess the impact of the application (1%) of several low cost amendments and environmental wastes on the (im)mobilization, availability, and uptake of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn by sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) in a long term sewage effluent irrigated sandy soils collected from Egypt...
April 22, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437729/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-polymeric-chitosan-tripolyphosphate-and-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-on-germination-of-zea-mays-brassica-rapa-and-pisum-sativum
#6
Daniele Y Nakasato, Anderson E S Pereira, Jhones L Oliveira, Halley C Oliveira, Leonardo F Fraceto
Although the potential toxicity of many metallic and carbon nanoparticles to plants has been reported, few studies have evaluated the phytotoxic effects of polymeric and solid lipid nanoparticles. The present work described the preparation and characterization of chitosan/tripolyphosphate (CS/TPP) nanoparticles and solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and evaluated the effects of different concentrations of these nanoparticles on germination of Zea mays, Brassica rapa, and Pisum sativum. CS/TPP nanoparticles presented an average size of 233...
April 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437728/is-a-a-o-process-effective-in-toxicity-removal-case-study-with-coking-wastewater
#7
Liu Shi, Dong Wang, Di Cao, Chunhong Na, Xie Quan, Ying Zhang
The anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A/A/O) process is the commonly used biological wastewater treatment process, especially for the coking wastewater. However, limit is known about its ability in bio-toxicity removal from wastewater. In this study, we evaluated the performance of A/A/O process in bio-toxicity removal from the coking wastewater, using two test species (i.e. crustacean (Daphnia magna) and zebra fish (Danio rerio)) in respect of acute toxicity, oxidative damage and genotoxicity. Our results showed that the acute toxicity of raw influent was reduced gradually along with A/A/O process and the effluent presented no acute toxicity to Daphnia magna (D...
April 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437727/new-inter-correlated-genes-targeted-by-diatom-derived-polyunsaturated-aldehydes-in-the-sea-urchin-paracentrotus-lividus
#8
Nadia Ruocco, Anna Maria Fedele, Susan Costantini, Giovanna Romano, Adrianna Ianora, Maria Costantini
The marine environment is continually subjected to the action of stressors (including natural toxins), which represent a constant danger for benthic communities. In the present work using network analysis we identified ten genes on the basis of associated functions (FOXA, FoxG, GFI-1, nodal, JNK, OneCut/Hnf6, TAK1, tcf4, TCF7, VEGF) in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus, having key roles in different processes, such as embryonic development and asymmetry, cell fate specification, cell differentiation and morphogenesis, and skeletogenesis...
April 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437726/mercury-correlates-with-altered-corticosterone-but-not-testosterone-or-estradiol-concentrations-in-common-loons
#9
Melinda D Franceschini, David C Evers, Kevin P Kenow, Michael W Meyer, Mark Pokras, L Michael Romero
We investigated the relation between environmental mercury exposure and corticosterone concentrations in free-living adult common loons (Gavia immer). We determined blood and feather mercury concentrations and compared them to testosterone, estradiol, and stress-induced plasma corticosterone concentrations. Although neither testosterone nor estradiol correlated with Hg levels, there was a robust positive relation between blood Hg and stress-induced corticosterone concentrations in males, but not in females...
April 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437725/evaluation-of-ecotoxicological-effects-of-benzophenone-uv-filters-luminescent-bacteria-toxicity-genotoxicity-and-hormonal-activity
#10
Qiuya Zhang, Xiaoyan Ma, Mawuli Dzakpasu, Xiaochang C Wang
The widespread use of organic ultraviolet (UV) filters in personal care products raises concerns about their potentially hazardous effects on human and ecosystem health. In this study, the toxicities of four commonly used benzophenones (BPs) UV filters including benzophenone (BP), 2-Hydroxybenzophenone (2HB), 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (BP3), and 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone-5-sulfonicacid (BP4) in water were assayed in vitro using Vibrio fischeri, SOS/umu assay, and yeast estrogen screen (YES) assay, as well as in vivo using zebrafish larvae...
April 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437724/synthesis-of-zno-nanorod-based-materials-for-antibacterial-antifungal-activities-dna-cleavage-and-efficient-ultrasound-assisted-dyes-adsorption
#11
Ali Akbar Bazrafshan, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Shaaker Hajati, Reza Naghiha, Arash Asfaram
Undoped and Au-doped ZnO-nanorods were synthesized in the presence of ultrasound and loaded on activated carbon following characterization by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmittance electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis spectrophotometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The Au-doped ZnO-nanorod-loaded activated carbon (Au-ZnO-NRs-AC) was used for the simultaneous removal of methylene blue (MB) and auramine O (AO) from aqueous solutions. Central composite design (CCD) under response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to model and optimize the dyes removal versus adsorbent mass, pH, and initial dyes concentration and sonication time as well as to investigate the possible interaction between these variables...
April 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434759/corrigendum-to-ecotoxicity-study-of-titania-tio2-nps-on-two-microalgae-species-scenedesmus-sp-and-chlorella-sp-ecotoxicol-environ-saf-74-5-2011-1180-1187
#12
I Mohammed Sadiq, Swayamprava Dalai, N Chandrasekaran, A Mukherjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434758/mallards-anas-platyrhynchos-and-wastewater-ponds-part-ii-developmental-physiological-morphological-and-behavioural-effects-of-ingestion-of-secondary-clarified-effluent-water
#13
K B Tierney, P O Welsh, M Mills, S Nason, D R Barreda, C A Paszkowski
Rather than migrating, mallard ducks may choose to overwinter in northern cities on open-water thermal refuges, such as municipal wastewater treatment ponds, which in Edmonton, Canada, stay ≥10°C during frigid winter months. Refuging mallards spend appreciable time daily on these ponds and hydrate using secondary clarified municipal wastewater (SCEW). We aimed to determine if SCEW ingestion affected mallard health. To this end, we gavaged newly hatched mallards (domesticated Pekin strain) over their first month with SCEW, as well as water representing negative and positive controls (municipal tap water, and the primary active ingredient from birth control pills, 17α-ethinyl estradiol (EE2), respectively)...
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433597/prediction-of-toxicity-of-zinc-and-nickel-mixtures-to-artemia-sp-at-various-salinities-from-additivity-to-antagonism
#14
Évila Pinheiro Damasceno, Lívia Pitombeira de Figuerêdo, Marcionília Fernandes Pimentel, Susana Loureiro, Letícia Veras Costa-Lotufo
Few studies have examined the toxicity of metal mixtures to marine organisms exposed to different salinities. The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute toxicity of zinc and nickel exposures singly and in combination to Artemia sp. under salinities of 10, 17, and 35 psu. The mixture concentrations were determined according to individual toxic units (TUs) to follow a fixed ratio design. Zinc was more toxic than nickel, and both their individual toxicities were higher at lower salinities. These changes in toxicity can be attributed to the Biotic Ligand Model (BLM) rather than to metal speciation...
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433596/effects-of-diuron-and-carbofuran-and-their-mixtures-on-the-microalgae-raphidocelis-subcapitata
#15
Adrislaine S Mansano, Raquel A Moreira, Hugo C Dornfeld, Emanuela C Freitas, Eny M Vieira, Hugo Sarmento, Odete Rocha, Mirna H R Seleghim
In aquatic environments, organisms are often exposed to mixtures of several pesticides. In this study, the effects of carbofuran and diuron and their mixtures on the microalgae Raphidocelis subcapitata were investigated. For this purpose, toxicity tests were performed with the single compounds (active ingredients and commercial formulations) and their combinations (only active ingredients). According to the results, the toxicity of active ingredients and their commercial formulations to R. subcapitata was similar...
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433595/effects-of-chlorpyrifos-on-soil-carboxylesterase-activity-at-an-aggregate-size-scale
#16
Juan C Sanchez-Hernandez, Marco Sandoval
The impact of pesticides on extracellular enzyme activity has been mostly studied on the bulk soil scale, and our understanding of the impact on an aggregate-size scale remains limited. Because microbial processes, and their extracellular enzyme production, are dependent on the size of soil aggregates, we hypothesized that the effect of pesticides on enzyme activities is aggregate-size specific. We performed three experiments using an Andisol to test the interaction between carboxylesterase (CbE) activity and the organophosphorus (OP) chlorpyrifos...
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433594/favouring-no-over-h2o2-production-will-increase-pb-tolerance-in-prosopis-farcta-via-altered-primary-metabolism
#17
Somaieh Zafari, Mohsen Sharifi, Luis A J Mur, Najmeh Ahmadian Chashmi
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) are known in triggering defense functions to detoxify heavy metal stresses. To investigate the relevance of ROS production, Pb treatment (400µM) alone and in combination with 400µM sodium ascorbate (Asc: as H2O2 scavenger) were given to hydroponically grown Prosopis farcta seedlings over a time course of 72h. Data presented here indicate that, the low extent of H2O2 due to scavenging by ascorbate, together with high level of NO improved Pb+Asc- treated Prosopis growth...
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433593/tissue-distribution-and-metabolism-of-triadimefon-and-triadimenol-enantiomers-in-chinese-lizards-eremias-argus
#18
Jitong Li, Yinghuan Wang, Wei Li, Peng Xu, Baoyuan Guo, Jianzhong Li, Huili Wang
Triadimefon (TF, S-(+)-TF, R-(-)-TF) and its metabolite triadimenol (TN, TN-A1, A2 and TN-B1, B2) are two systemic fungicides and both of them are chiral pharmaceuticals which are widely used in agricultural industry. Many researches focused on the toxicity effects of triadimefon on mammals, while the ecotoxicological data of tiradimefon on reptiles is limited. In order to understand the toxicity mechanism of triadimefon in reptiles, the current study administrated S-(+)-TF or R-(-)-TF traidimefon (50mg/kg(bw)) to Chinese lizards (Eremias argus) respectively, the absorption, distribution of triadimefon and the formation of triadimenol were analysed at different sampling times...
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433592/toxicity-assessment-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-on-cucurbita-pepo-l-under-well-watered-and-water-stressed-conditions
#19
Mehrnaz Hatami
The rapid increase in the production and application of various types of nanomaterials increases the possibility of their presence in total environment, which subsequently raises concerns about their potential threats to the first trophic level of organisms, specifically under varying environmental constraints. In this work, seeds of Cucurbita pepo L. were cultured in MS basal medium exposed to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) at different concentrations (0, 125, 250, 500 and 1000μgmL(-1)) under two levels of water potential, well-watered (0MPa) and water stress (-1...
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432885/from-laboratory-to-field-studies-the-assessment-of-biscutella-laevigata-suitability-to-biological-reclamation-of-areas-contaminated-with-lead-and-cadmium
#20
Ewa Muszyńska, Ewa Hanus-Fajerska, Barbara Piwowarczyk, Joanna Augustynowicz, Krystyna Ciarkowska, Tomasz Czech
The aim of the work was to evaluate the usefulness of the in vitro multiplication of Biscutella laevigata calamine ecotype for in situ reclamation of post-flotation wastes polluted with Pb and Cd. The experiment was conducted on three steps: (i) plant shoots' production under in vitro condition, (ii) establishment of the material in greenhouse experiment, and finally (iii) field cultivation directly on the mining-waste heap of Olkusz Ore-Bearing Region, Poland. This region is known to be one of the most chemically-degraded area in central Europe...
April 19, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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