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Cancer Nursing

Joyce W K Lee, Carolyn Gotay, Richard Sawatzky, Arminée Kazanjian
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a family disease, affecting the individual patient and the family. For Chinese patients and their families in Canada, adjusting to cancer may be particularly distressing when culture and language are not congruent with the mainstream model of care delivery. OBJECTIVE: In view of the limited research on the cancer experience of Chinese families, this study aims to examine the interrelatedness of patients and family caregivers' distress among a Chinese-speaking cancer population in Canada...
July 3, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Yongchun Liang, Haifang Wang, Meie Niu, Xiaming Zhu, Jianzheng Cai, Xiubei Wang
BACKGROUND: The correlation between social support and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been well documented, but whether social support changes or whether social support consistently plays a significant role in the various phases of the treatment process remains unknown among hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the changing trends of HRQOL and social support and evaluate the relationship between HRQOL and social support before and after transplantation...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Nataskja-Elena Kersting Lie, Per Koren Solvang, May Aasebø Hauken
BACKGROUND: Cancer coordinators (CCs) operate at both patient and system levels in order to provide patients with tailored and coordinated services. In common with international CCs, Norwegian CCs denote notable progress in their patient-focused work, while reporting ongoing challenges in carrying out system-focused tasks. However, little is known about the barriers and facilitators for CCs' system-level work. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore Norwegian CCs' experiences of barriers and facilitators for enacting system-focused tasks...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Laura Iacorossi, Francesca Gambalunga, Simona Molinaro, Rosaria De Domenico, Diana Giannarelli, Alessandra Fabi
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity lymphedema is a complication that often occurs in women with breast cancer as a result of surgery and/or radiotherapy. Some studies report that a boating activity known as the "dragon boat" sport can benefit these women. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess whether this type of sport prevents or reduces lymphedema, its impact on quality of life (QoL), and the possible predictors of this condition. METHODS: This was an observational study of 2 groups: group A (women who participated in dragon boat racing for at least 6 months) and group B (women who participated in other forms of physical exercise biweekly)...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Fatma Uslu-Sahan, Fusun Terzioglu, Gulten Koc
BACKGROUND: Gynecologic cancer can create hopelessness and death anxiety and alter the lifestyle of the affected women and their caregivers. Perceived social support may facilitate coping with this illness. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether hospitalized patients with gynecologic cancer and their caregivers differ in feelings of hopelessness and death anxiety and how those conditions may be related to their social support. METHODS: Two hundred patients with gynecologic cancer and their 200 caregivers from 1 university hospital were enrolled in this descriptive correlational study...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Horng-Shiuann Wu, Jean E Davis, Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients often have other noncancer medical conditions. Presence of comorbidities negatively affects cancer survival. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate comorbidity, risk factors for comorbidity, and how comorbidity was associated with symptoms and quality of life in patients being treated for breast cancer. METHODS: One hundred and one breast cancer chemotherapy outpatients completed this study. Comorbid conditions, weight, height, and smoking status were identified by chart review...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Kristen R Haase, Wendy Gifford, Lorraine Holtslander, Roanne Thomas
BACKGROUND: People with cancer increasingly use the Internet to find information about their illness. However, little is known regarding people's use of cancer-related Internet information (CRII) to manage their patient experience, defined as patients' cumulative perceptions of interactions with the healthcare system during their illness. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to create an understanding of CRII use by people newly diagnosed with cancer and how it shapes their patient experience and informs their interactions with healthcare professionals and healthcare services...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Zhiping Hu, Xiaoling Zhou, Weiwei Duan, Wenge Lei, Min Zhang, Lingxia Zeng
BACKGROUND: Maintenance of good functional status and improvement of quality of life (QOL) in patients with head and neck cancer help to determine the efficacy of anticancer therapies. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe the profile of QOL changing over time and evaluate the correlation between anxiety, pain severity, and shoulder and neck function with QOL in patients. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. Quality of life, neck and shoulder function, anxiety, and pain were assessed at the time of presurgery, 1 week, and 3 and 6 months postsurgery...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Catherine Paterson, Charlotte Primeau, Irene Pullar, Ghulam Nabi
BACKGROUND: An important question revolves around when the most opportune time is to introduce recovery-optimizing behaviors for men opting for radical prostatectomy (RP) for localized prostate cancer (PCa). An emerging field of research describes the role of preoperative strategies to improve treatment tolerance and overall physical and psychological recovery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of a multimodal prehabilitation intervention for men and their partners before RP for localized PCa...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Simone Pereira Lermontov, Simone Carreiro Brasil, Magali Rezende de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: There have been numerous efforts by health institutions and professionals to prevent and reduce medication errors. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify in the literature the incidence, related factors, consequences, and prevention mechanisms of medication errors in the context of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODS: This is a systematic review carried out in the databases LILACS, PubMed, PMC, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases, from January 11 to 13, 2017...
June 1, 2018: Cancer Nursing
May Aasebø Hauken, Bibbi Hølge-Hazelton, Torill M B Larsen
BACKGROUND: Cancer in young adults is rare but young adult cancer patients (YACPs) are at an increased risk of severe physical and psychosocial impairments during cancer treatment and survivorship. However, little is known about the onset of this process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore how young cancer survivors experience the process of being diagnosed with cancer. METHODS: A qualitative method founded on a phenomenological-hermeneutical approach was used and included in-depth interviews with 20 young adult survivors (aged 24-35 years) with different cancer diagnoses, analyzed by Systematic Text Condensation...
June 1, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Ahrang Jung, Matthew E Nielsen, Jamie L Crandell, Mary H Palmer, Ashley Leak Bryant, Sophia K Smith, Deborah K Mayer
BACKGROUND: Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) represents approximately 75% of newly diagnosed patients with bladder cancer. Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer survivors have unique chronic burdens including frequent recurrences, repeated surveillance cystoscopies and treatments, and the highest lifetime medical cost per person among all cancers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to summarize studies assessing quality of life (QOL) in NMIBC survivors...
June 1, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Vivienne Vance, Marina Mourtzakis, Rhona Hanning
BACKGROUND: Weight gain and unfavorable changes in body composition are common in a growing population of breast cancer survivors, but the etiology of these changes is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate relationships between weight change and symptoms of physical and psychological distress in the first 12 months of completing treatment in women who had completed treatment for breast cancer. METHODS: Physical distress and psychological distress were assessed using the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist, the Distress Thermometer, and the Fatigue Symptom Inventory...
May 26, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Trude Haugland, Holli A DeVon
BACKGROUND: Understanding the influence of psychosocial factors and symptoms on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) might help researchers develop interventions to optimize HRQoL in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize available evidence on symptoms, psychosocial factors, and HRQoL in patients with NET. METHODS: For this integrative literature review, the literature search was guided by the methodology proposed by Whittemore and Knafl...
May 25, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Jane Bickford, John Coveney, Janet Baker, Deborah Hersh
BACKGROUND: A total laryngectomy often prolongs life but results in long-term disablement, disfigurement, and complex care needs. Current clinical practice addresses the surgical options, procedures, and immediate recovery. Less support is available longer-term despite significant changes to aspects of personhood and ongoing medical needs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the experience of living with and/or supporting individuals with a laryngectomy at least 1 year after surgery...
May 25, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Catherine L Henshall, Lizzie Allin, Helen Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer survival rates are increasing; however, lung cancer survivors' mental and physical well-being can suffer from experiencing symptoms of fatigue, dyspnea, and depression. Exercise can improve these symptoms. However, no studies have examined the effects of different exercise interventions on these symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to examine the evidence on the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, dyspnea, and depression in lung cancer survivors...
May 21, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Marie Solange Bernatchez, Josée Savard, Marie-Hélène Savard, Michèle Aubin
BACKGROUND: High rates of sleep-wake difficulties have been found in patients with cancer receiving palliative care. Pharmacotherapy is the most frequently used treatment option to manage these difficulties despite numerous adverse effects and the absence of empirical evidence of its efficacy and innocuity in palliative care. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a cognitive-behavioral and environmental intervention (CBT-E) to improve insomnia and hypersomnolence in patients with a poor functioning level and to collect preliminary data on its effects...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Youngmi Kang, Heesook Son
BACKGROUND: Colon and/or rectum cancer (CRC) patients use various strategies to cope with their condition, and these can vary between age groups. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate differences between psychosocial/spiritual variables and coping strategies in CRC patients of different age groups (younger vs older) and to identify the predictors of coping for both age groups. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at 3 outpatient clinics in Korea...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Ibrahim M Alananzeh, Janelle V Levesque, Cannas Kwok, Yenna Salamonson, Bronwyn Everett
BACKGROUND: Research exploring the unmet supportive care needs of Arab cancer survivors is limited, with most conducted with immigrant groups. No study has compared the unmet supportive care needs of immigrant Arab cancer survivors with Arab cancer survivors living in their native country. OBJECTIVE: To explore the unmet supportive care needs of both Arab Australian and Arab Jordanian cancer survivors. METHODS: Arab people living in Sydney, Australia, and Amman, Jordan, and diagnosed with cancer within the last 5 years were invited to complete a questionnaire that measured unmet supportive care needs, depression, and language acculturation...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Xuan Thi Nhu Ha, Sureeporn Thanasilp, Ratsiri Thato
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, breast cancer is a top contributor to cancer-related deaths in women. Evidence shows that, after mastectomy, women in Vietnam have a lower quality of life than women in other countries. In addition, high uncertainty is a predictor of low quality of life postmastectomy. Therefore, if nurses can manage uncertainty, the quality of life postmastectomy can improve. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of the Uncertainty Management Program (UMP) on quality of life at 3 weeks postmastectomy in Vietnamese women...
May 10, 2018: Cancer Nursing
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