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Cancer Nursing

Jung Lim Lee, Younhee Jeong
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) is important for cancer patients, even for survival. However, factors affecting QOL of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients have not been studied sufficiently. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to understand the relationships among social support, resilience, distress, and symptom and to identify predictors of QOL for NSCLC patients. METHODS: Participants were 212 adult patients who visited an outpatient department at a tertiary hospital located in Seoul, Korea...
September 10, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Yuka Ichijo, Yuko Takeda, Yuko Oguma, Yuko Kitagawa, Hiroya Takeuchi, Ardith Z Doorenbos
BACKGROUND: Previous literature has reported that regular physical activity enhances health-related quality of life for cancer patients. However, there is a lack of studies that focus on physical activity among postoperative esophageal cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) describe the prevalence of physical activity among postoperative esophageal cancer patients, (2) explore variables related to physical activity (demographics, nutrition, dysphagia, and health-related qualify of life), and (3) examine potential reasons for inactivity among participants who scored low using case studies...
September 3, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Soo Hyun Kim, Sihyun Park, Sei Joong Kim, Min Hee Hur, Bo Gyeong Lee, Mi Sook Han
BACKGROUND: Recognition of the importance of self-management (SM) for breast cancer survivors (BCSs) is increasing, but evidence from investigations of their needs focusing on SM is limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the SM needs of BCSs who had completed treatment. METHODS: Using a qualitative study design, we interviewed a focus group of 20 BCSs who underwent cancer therapy (mean time since diagnosis 3.4 years) at a university hospital in South Korea...
August 24, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Caixia Li, Huijuan Lu, Wei Qin, Xiaorong Li, Jingxian Yu, Fang Fang
BACKGROUND: Although resilience has many positive effects on cancer patients, little is known about the level of resilience and its predictors in Chinese liver cancer patients undergoing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to evaluate resilience level and identify its predictors among Chinese liver cancer patients undergoing TACE. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-one patients were recruited from a tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China...
August 24, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Yehui Zhu, Susan M Cohen, Margaret Q Rosenzweig, Catherine M Bender
BACKGROUND: Multiple symptoms associated with endocrine therapy have a detrimental impact on medication adherence and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review is to map the symptoms during endocrine therapy for breast cancer to provide implications for current practice and suggestions for future research. METHODS: The PubMed, CINAHL, and China Science Periodical Databases were searched to identify related studies published in English and Chinese languages...
August 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Yanyan Liu, Changrong Yuan, Jichuan Wang, Nanping Shen, Min Shen, Pamela S Hinds
BACKGROUND: The Pediatric Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) was developed to measure symptoms and functions of children with a variety of chronic diseases. As the Chinese version of pediatric PROMIS (C-Ped-PROMIS) measures was developed, the measurement properties of C-Ped-PROMIS have not been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the reliability, validity, and factorial structure of the C-Ped-PROMIS measures in children with cancer in China...
August 17, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Mary C Hooke, Cheryl Rodgers, Olga Taylor, Kari M Koerner, Pauline Mitby, Ida Moore, Michael E Scheurer, Marilyn J Hockenberry, Wei Pan
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing leukemia treatment report co-occurring symptoms of fatigue, sleep disturbances, pain, nausea, and depression as a symptom cluster. Physical activity (PA) is essential for development and may influence symptom severity. Children with leukemia are at risk of cognitive impairments from central nervous system therapies. Using a longitudinal parallel-process model, relationships among function and symptom clusters were explored. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the longitudinal mediation effects of PA on cognition via a symptom cluster during leukemia treatment...
August 17, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Charlotte Ångström-Brännström, Viveca Lindh, Tufve Nyholm, Jack Lindh, Gunn Engvall
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of children diagnosed with cancer are treated with radiotherapy (RT). Staff experiences of preparing and distracting the children and their families during a child's RT are sparsely described. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe staff experiences of preparing and caring for children with cancer and their families during the child's RT. INTERVENTION/METHODS: Semistructured interviews with staff were performed at 3 Swedish RT centers...
August 7, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Rachel Hirschey, Wei Pan, Marilyn Hockenberry, Gretchen Kimmick, Ryan Shaw, Isaac Lipkus
BACKGROUND: Exercise outcome expectations (OEs) (ie, what one expects to obtain or avoid by exercising) are influential to increase exercise among cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the accessibility (ie, frequency one thinks about exercise resulting in an outcome) and importance (ie, one's value of the outcome) of OEs among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Stage IA to IIB breast cancer survivors who were 1 to 5 years posttreatment completed OE questionnaires...
August 7, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Xinqiong Zhang, Qin Wang, Xiaomin Zhang, Xiaoting Wu, Qiuping Wang, Jingfang Hong
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastrointestinal tract (GIT) cancer undergoing chemotherapy often experience several symptoms that constitute symptom clusters and can cause patients to suffer. Effective interventions are lacking for this kind of patients. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to test the feasibility and acceptability of a cognitive-behavioral (CB) intervention developed for Chinese patients with GIT cancer undergoing chemotherapy and to estimate the efficacy of the intervention for symptom clusters...
July 24, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Jie Li, Huihui Zhang, Di Shao, Jiaomei Xue, Huayu Bai, Jiwei Sun, Pingzhen Lin, Fenglin Cao
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are prevalent in patients with cancer and are heterogeneous; however, existing methods of grouping patients with heterogeneous symptoms have limitations. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify depressive symptom clusters in patients with cancer using a data-driven method and to explore their relationships with symptoms of anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder. METHODS: Data from 247 patients were analyzed in this cross-sectional study...
July 24, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Amy J Walker, Frances M Lewis, Yuting Lin, Ellen Zahlis, Abby R Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Despite knowing the potential medical consequences of cancer treatment, little is known about how adolescents cognitively and emotionally frame, process, and manage in the early survivorship period. OBJECTIVE: The specific aims were to describe the worries, perceived challenges, and ways of dealing with these issues for adolescent cancer survivors in the early period of survivorship. METHODS: Twenty-nine adolescent survivors (12-18 years) completed a semistructured interview...
July 17, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Kyung-Ah Kang, Suk-Jung Han, Young-Sook Lim, Shin-Jeong Kim
BACKGROUND: For patients with advanced or terminal cancer undergoing hospice or palliative care, spiritual care based on meaning-centered intervention (MCI) has become an essential form of support. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize MCI systematically and the effectiveness of hospice and palliative care for patients with advanced or terminal cancer. METHODS: MEDLINE via PubMed, Cochrane Library CENTRAL, EMBASE, CINAHL, and several Korean electronic databases were searched from inception to May 2017...
July 17, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Marilyn J Hammer, Steven M Paul, Amir Steinberg, Patricia Eckardt, Margaret Barton-Burke, Christine Miaskowski
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for the treatment of hematologic malignancies are at risk of serious adverse outcomes including infections and death. Hyperglycemia following the HCT is associated with increased risk of these adverse outcomes. However, limited information is available on demographic and clinical characteristics that contribute to changes in blood glucose levels following HCT. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the trajectories of fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels as well as the demographic and clinical characteristics that predicted interindividual differences in these FBG trajectories...
July 17, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Fay Wright, Laura B Dunn, Steven M Paul, Yvette P Conley, Jon D Levine, Marilyn J Hammer, Bruce A Cooper, Christine Miaskowski, Kord M Kober
BACKGROUND: Morning fatigue is a distinct symptom experienced during chemotherapy that demonstrates significant interindividual variability. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to identify subgroups with distinct morning fatigue profiles and evaluate how these subgroups differed by demographic, clinical, and symptom characteristics. METHODS: Outpatients (N = 1332) with breast, gastrointestinal, gynecological, or lung cancer completed questionnaires 6 times over 2 cycles of chemotherapy...
July 17, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Joyce W K Lee, Carolyn Gotay, Richard Sawatzky, Arminée Kazanjian
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a family disease, affecting the individual patient and the family. For Chinese patients and their families in Canada, adjusting to cancer may be particularly distressing when culture and language are not congruent with the mainstream model of care delivery. OBJECTIVE: In view of the limited research on the cancer experience of Chinese families, this study aims to examine the interrelatedness of patients and family caregivers' distress among a Chinese-speaking cancer population in Canada...
July 3, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Yongchun Liang, Haifang Wang, Meie Niu, Xiaming Zhu, Jianzheng Cai, Xiubei Wang
BACKGROUND: The correlation between social support and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been well documented, but whether social support changes or whether social support consistently plays a significant role in the various phases of the treatment process remains unknown among hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the changing trends of HRQOL and social support and evaluate the relationship between HRQOL and social support before and after transplantation...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Nataskja-Elena Kersting Lie, Per Koren Solvang, May Aasebø Hauken
BACKGROUND: Cancer coordinators (CCs) operate at both patient and system levels in order to provide patients with tailored and coordinated services. In common with international CCs, Norwegian CCs denote notable progress in their patient-focused work, while reporting ongoing challenges in carrying out system-focused tasks. However, little is known about the barriers and facilitators for CCs' system-level work. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore Norwegian CCs' experiences of barriers and facilitators for enacting system-focused tasks...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Laura Iacorossi, Francesca Gambalunga, Simona Molinaro, Rosaria De Domenico, Diana Giannarelli, Alessandra Fabi
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity lymphedema is a complication that often occurs in women with breast cancer as a result of surgery and/or radiotherapy. Some studies report that a boating activity known as the "dragon boat" sport can benefit these women. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess whether this type of sport prevents or reduces lymphedema, its impact on quality of life (QoL), and the possible predictors of this condition. METHODS: This was an observational study of 2 groups: group A (women who participated in dragon boat racing for at least 6 months) and group B (women who participated in other forms of physical exercise biweekly)...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Fatma Uslu-Sahan, Fusun Terzioglu, Gulten Koc
BACKGROUND: Gynecologic cancer can create hopelessness and death anxiety and alter the lifestyle of the affected women and their caregivers. Perceived social support may facilitate coping with this illness. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether hospitalized patients with gynecologic cancer and their caregivers differ in feelings of hopelessness and death anxiety and how those conditions may be related to their social support. METHODS: Two hundred patients with gynecologic cancer and their 200 caregivers from 1 university hospital were enrolled in this descriptive correlational study...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
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