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Cancer Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806305/dimensions-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-patients-with-cancer-a-mixed-method-study
#1
Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Maryam Rassouli, Jeannine M Brant, Farahnaz Mohammadi-Shahbolaghi, Hamid Alavi-Majd
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to positive outcomes after exposure to stressful events. Previous studies suggest cross-cultural differences in the nature and amount of PTG. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore different dimensions of PTG in Iranian patients with cancer. METHODS: A mixed method study with convergent parallel design was applied to clarify and determine dimensions of PTG. Using the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), confirmatory factor analysis was used to quantitatively identify dimensions of PTG in 402 patients with cancer...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806304/perceptions-of-support-groups-among-older-breast-cancer-survivors-i-ve-heard-of-them-but-i-ve-never-felt-the-need-to-go
#2
Emily K Green, Amelework Wodajo, Yajuan Yang, Miriam Sleven, Huibrie C Pieters
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors transitioning from active treatment to posttreatment may lack critical support and information about their posttreatment care. Support groups have the potential to address this gap. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe how breast cancer survivors 65 years and older perceived professionally led, in-person support groups. METHODS: Individual interviews with 54 women were analyzed using grounded theory informed by constructivism...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753194/pilot-study-of-a-communication-coaching-telephone-intervention-for-lung-cancer-caregivers
#3
Elaine Wittenberg, Betty Ferrell, Marianna Koczywas, Catherine Del Ferraro, Nora H Ruel
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are a key communication source for nurses, and there is a need to provide communication skill building for caregivers. OBJECTIVE: A pilot study was conducted to determine feasibility and use of a communication coaching telephone intervention aimed at improving caregiver confidence in communication and reducing psychological distress. METHODS: A printed communication guide for caregivers and a 1-time communication coaching call delivered by a research nurse were provided to caregivers...
July 27, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753193/gender-difference-in-cancer-patients-adherence-to-analgesics-and-related-outcomes-of-pain-management
#4
Pi-Ling Chou, Su-Ying Fang, Jia-Ling Sun, Kun-Ming Rau, Bih-O Lee
BACKGROUND: Males and females have significant differences in certain medical outcomes. However, little research has explored the gender differences in cancer patient perceptions of analgesics, the relationship between gender and analgesic adherence, or the effectiveness of pain management. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to compare gender differences associated with hesitancy to use analgesics, analgesic adherence, or pain management effectiveness and to examine whether gender can precisely predict analgesic adherence...
July 27, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753192/interventions-using-social-media-for-cancer-prevention-and-management-a-systematic-review
#5
Claire Jungyoun Han, Young Ji Lee, George Demiris
BACKGROUND: Regarding cancer awareness, social media effectively promotes health and supports self-management. Given the diverse study designs, methodologies, and approaches of social media interventions in oncology, it is difficult to determine the effects of social media on cancer prevention and management. OBJECTIVE: We aim to systematically review intervention studies using social media for cancer care. METHODS: A systematic search, using 7 electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Scopus, EMBASE, and PsycINFO), was conducted to identify surveys and interventions using contemporary social media tools with a focus on cancer...
July 27, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753191/the-patient-healthcare-professional-relationship-and-communication-in-the-oncology-outpatient-setting-a-systematic-review
#6
Anne Prip, Kirsten Alling Møller, Dorte Lisbet Nielsen, Mary Jarden, Marie-Helene Olsen, Anne Kjaergaard Danielsen
BACKGROUND: Today, cancer care and treatment primarily take place in an outpatient setting where encounters between patients and healthcare professionals are often brief. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize the literature of adult patients' experiences of and need for relationships and communication with healthcare professionals during chemotherapy in the oncology outpatient setting. METHODS: The systematic literature review was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines and the PICO framework, and a systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, and Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence Based Practice Database...
July 27, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731884/determination-of-colorectal-cancer-risk-levels-colorectal-cancer-screening-rates-and-factors-affecting-screening-participation-of-individuals-working-in-agriculture-in-turkey
#7
Ayşegül Ilgaz, Sebahat Gözüm
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth ranked malignancy leading to death in Turkey. Agricultural workers with low socioeconomic level are particularly at risk due to the intense use of pesticides. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine CRC risk levels, status of participation in CRC screenings, and the factors affecting participation in screenings among individuals between 50 and 70 years old working in agriculture. METHODS: Data in this cross-sectional study were collected from 244 agricultural workers in Turkey...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731883/the-effects-on-children-s-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-of-a-psychoeducational-program-for-families-living-with-parental-cancer-and-their-network-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#8
May Aasebø Hauken, Mariana Pereira, Mette Senneseth
BACKGROUND: Families living with parental cancer report lack of social support. The Cancer PEPSONE Program (CPP) was developed to bridge the gap between the families and their network. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to study the effect of the CPP on children's anxiety and quality of life (QOL) and examine the association between the CPP's effect on their well parents' received social support, QOL, and psychological distress and the children's anxiety and QOL...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731882/the-effect-on-bone-outcomes-of-home-based-exercise-intervention-for-prostate-cancer-survivors-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Soo Hyun Kim, Do Hwan Seong, Sang Min Yoon, Young Deuk Choi, Eunju Choi, Youngkyu Song, Hosook Song
BACKGROUND: Cancer treatment-induced bone loss has important long-term effects in prostate cancer survivors (PCSs) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), but little is known about preventive interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a 6-month home-based exercise intervention in PCSs. METHODS: In this pilot, randomized controlled trial, 51 men (mean age, 70.8 years) were randomized to a 6-month home-based exercise intervention for preventing osteoporosis group (n = 26) or an exercise placebo intervention of stretching exercise group (n = 25)...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731881/implementation-of-a-nurse-driven-educational-program-improves-management-of-sorafenib-s-toxicities-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Angélique Brunot, Florence Le Roy, Samuel Le Sourd, Amel MʼSadek, Marielle Duval, Laurence Crouzet, Anne Guillygomarcʼh, Eveline Boucher, Brigitte Laguerre, Julien Edeline
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib is the standard treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Because of its unique toxicities, improving patients' tolerance merits close follow-up. Nurses can play a crucial role by leading a patient educational program (EP). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess whether adding EP to usual care (UC) improves patient's care. METHODS: Since 2011, oncologists referred patients treated by sorafenib to the EP led by clinical nurses...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727578/physical-activity-and-survival-in-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer
#11
Oxana Palesh, Charles Kamen, Susan Sharp, Ashleigh Golden, Eric Neri, David Spiegel, Cheryl Koopman
BACKGROUND: Several empirical investigations have attempted to characterize the effect of physical activity on cancer mortality, but these investigations have rarely focused on patients with advanced breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the hypothesis that greater physical activity is associated with longer survival among women with advanced breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of a prospective study of 103 patients with stage IV (n = 100) or locally recurrent (n = 3) breast cancer involved in a group psychotherapy trial...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727577/nurses-exploring-the-spirituality-of-their-patients-with-cancer-participant-observation-on-a-medical-oncology-ward
#12
Jacqueline van Meurs, Wim Smeets, Kris C P Vissers, Marieke Groot, Yvonne Engels
BACKGROUND: Attention for spirituality should be an integral part of professionals' caregiving. Particularly, nurses caring for patients with cancer might have opportunities to give attention to this dimension. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insight in the way and extent to which nurses during daily caregiving observe and explore spiritual issues of hospitalized patients with cancer. METHODS: We performed an ethnographic study with participant observation...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723724/coping-strategies-used-by-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-literature-review
#13
Mari P Lashbrook, Patricia C Valery, Vikki Knott, Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Christina M Bernardes
BACKGROUND: Individual coping strategies are a fundamental element underpinning psychosocial distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe coping strategies and their measurement used by survivors of breast, prostate, and/or colorectal cancer after treatment. METHODS: A search of electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) was conducted from January 1980 to March 2015. Data were extracted using standardized forms and included studies that explored the coping mechanisms of survivorship of breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723723/sociodemographic-predictors-of-anal-cancer-screening-and-follow-up-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-individuals
#14
Jessica S Wells, Marcia M Holstad, Deborah Watkins Bruner
BACKGROUND: Anal cancer in the United States is generally rare; however, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals are 28 times more likely to be given a diagnosis of anal cancer than the general population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the rates and sociodemographic predictors of anal cancer screening and follow-up anoscopy in a sample of HIV-infected individuals. METHODS: Data for this study (n = 200) were derived from a retrospective chart review of randomly selected HIV-infected individuals...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723722/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-and-symptom-burden-in-women-undergoing-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-in-malaysia
#15
Ping Lei Chui, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Li Ping Wong, Nur Aishah Taib
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonly used for cancer- and chemotherapy-related symptoms. Nurses are likely to encounter many CAM users in their practice. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess CAM use and examine the symptom burden of CAM and non-CAM users among patients with breast cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: A CAM use questionnaire and the Side-Effect Burden Scale were administered to 546 patients...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723721/instrument-adaptation-modification-and-validation-for-cultural-beliefs-about-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-korean-americans
#16
Shin-Young Lee, Eunice E Lee, Frances Aranda
BACKGROUND: Studies on colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among Korean Americans (KAs) lack culturally sensitive, reliable, and validated belief scales. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to adapt, modify, and validate instruments measuring cultural beliefs (physical space, health temporal orientation, personal control, colon cancer fatalism, and health fatalism) about CRC screening in KAs. METHODS: In phase I, instrument adaptation and modification (translation from English into Korean, individual interviews using cognitive interviewing, and expert reviews) were used to make existing cultural beliefs instruments culturally appropriate for KAs...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661895/validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-delineate-the-clinical-trial-nursing-roles-in-korea
#17
In Jung Choi, Hye-Ja Park
BACKGROUND: In clinical trials, research nurses play a particularly important role in promoting cancer care best practices. However, no Korean questionnaire has been developed to define the clinical trial nursing roles based on Good Clinical Practice standards. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to cross-culturally evaluate the reliability and validity of a Korean version of the Clinical Trials Nursing Questionnaire (CTNQ) among Korean clinical research nurses...
June 28, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661894/exploring-explanatory-models-of-risk-in-breast-cancer-risk-counseling-discussions-nsabp-nrg-oncology-decision-making-project-1
#18
Christine M Gunn, Barbara Bokhour, Victoria A Parker, Patricia A Parker, Sarah Blakeslee, Hanna Bandos, Christine Holmberg
BACKGROUND: Explanatory models represent patient understanding of etiology, pathophysiology, illness, symptoms, and treatments, but little attention has been paid to how they are used by patients "at risk" for future disease. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to elucidate what constitutes an explanatory model of risk and to describe explanatory models of risk related to developing breast cancer. METHODS: Thirty qualitative interviews with women identified as at an increased risk for breast cancer were conducted...
June 28, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622194/population-based-cancer-screening-measurement-of-coordination-and-continuity-of-care
#19
Llucia Benito, Jose Espinosa, Gemma Binefa, Carmen Vidal, María Teresa Lluch, Montse Puig, Maria Fernandez, Isabel Padrol, Montse García
BACKGROUND: European guidelines for the quality of screening programs for breast and colorectal cancer describe process, structure, and outcome indicators. However, none of them specifically evaluate coordination and continuity of care during the cancer screening process. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify and adapt care quality indicators related to the coordination and continuity of the cancer screening process to assess nursing care in cancer screening programs...
June 15, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622193/the-lifestyle-information-and-intervention-preferences-of-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#20
Gemma Pugh, Rachael Hough, Helen Gravestock, Jessica B Haddrell, Rebecca J Beeken, Abigail Fisher
BACKGROUND: Little is currently known about how best to promote healthy lifestyle choices among teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer survivors. Such data gathered from a patient-centered perspective are instrumental for the development of health behavior change interventions for young people with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the lifestyle information needs of TYA cancer survivors and their preferences regarding lifestyle information and intervention delivery...
June 15, 2017: Cancer Nursing
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