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Cancer Nursing

Tze-Fang Wang, Yu-Jie Li, Lee-Chen Chen, Chyuan Chou, Su-Chen Yang
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is the fifth most common form of cancer in Taiwan in terms of incidence and death rate and results in at least 2700 deaths each year. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess the postoperative health-related quality of life (QOL) and care needs of oral cancer patients comprehensively and to evaluate the correlation between health-related QOL and care needs. INTERVENTIONS/METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 126 oral cancer patients who had received surgical treatment within the previous 2 years and were without cognitive impairment...
November 15, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Wei Xia, Ho Cheung William Li, Ka Wai Katherine Lam, Oi Kwan Joyce Chung, Peige Song, Sau Ying Chiu, Chi-Fung Godfrey Chan, Ka Yan Ho
BACKGROUND: The effects of hematologic cancer and its treatment on Chinese children's physical activity level and quality of life (QoL) remain unclear despite numerous studies conducted in Western countries and Hong Kong. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of hematologic cancer and its treatment on the physical activity level and QoL among Chinese children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted. One hundred twenty-five children who were admitted for treatment of hematologic cancer and 243 healthy counterparts of similar age participated in this study...
November 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Jeanine A Driesenaar, Sandra van Dulmen, Julia C M van Weert, Janneke Noordman
BACKGROUND: The online tool PatientVOICE has been developed to enhance older patients' participation during educational nursing encounters preceding chemotherapy and to increase their information recall. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate perceived usefulness, usability, satisfaction with emotional support, language use, attractiveness, and visit intention of PatientVOICE by older (ex-)patients with cancer. METHODS: Older (ex-)patients with cancer were invited to evaluate the website via an online questionnaire...
November 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Jessica Ward, Louis Fogg, Cheryl Rodgers, Susie Breitenstein, Neena Kapoor, Barbara A Swanson
BACKGROUND: Parents of children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are at risk of adverse health outcomes due to their intense caregiver demands. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe adverse health outcomes in parents of children who survived an allogeneic HSCT done within the past 1 to 10 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, conducted at a children's hospital in the western United States, enrolled English- and Spanish-speaking parents of children who survived allogeneic HSCT between 2005 and 2015...
October 23, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Wafa A Alsaadi, Janet M Rankin, Carma L Bylund
BACKGROUND: Telling the truth to cancer patients remains under debate in the Middle East, where concealment about diagnosis and prognosis occurs in some cases. Concealment results in challenges for nurses providing care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand nurses' lived experiences of caring for cancer patients whose cancer diagnosis or prognosis has been withheld from them. METHODS: Eight nurses from the national cancer center in Qatar were interviewed...
October 20, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Sigrunn Drageset, Torill Christine Lindstrøm, Sidsel Ellingsen
BACKGROUND: Increased breast cancer survival means that many women live with long-term consequences of their cancer and treatment. Knowledge about their coping is important. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative follow-up study describes survivors' coping experiences 9 years after primary breast cancer surgery. METHODS: Seventeen of the 21 women interviewed 9 years earlier were invited to participate. Fifteen agreed and were interviewed individually between January and June 2015...
October 20, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Eun-Ok Im, Sangmi Kim, Shu Xu, Chiyoung Lee, Yuko Hamajima, Ayako Inohara, Kathleen Chang, Eunice Chee, Wonshik Chee
BACKGROUND: Difficulties in recruiting and retaining Asian Americans in traditional research have been well documented. Despite an increasing number of technology-based cancer studies among racial/ethnic minorities, little is still known about potential issues in recruiting and retaining racial/ethnic minority cancer survivors for technology-based intervention research. OBJECTIVE: This discussion article aims to examine issues in recruiting and retaining a group of racial/ethnic minorities-Asian American breast cancer survivors-for a technology-based intervention study...
October 20, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Celeste R Phillips, Joan E Haase
BACKGROUND: Adolescent/young adult (AYA) cancer survivors experience greater psychosocial distress than younger or older adults. To address their psychosocial distress, it is important that healthcare providers (HCPs) foster connectedness with AYAs; however, some HCPs' words and behaviors may actually create a sense of disconnectedness with AYAs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe AYA cancer survivors' experiences of disconnectedness from HCPs during cancer treatment...
October 20, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Cheryl Rodgers, Marika Highberger, Kimberly Powers, Katherine Voigt, Christian Douglas
BACKGROUND: Adolescents undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) experience multiple symptoms during and after the transplant. These symptoms can increase the need for medical care and reduce the quality of their life. However, little is known about symptom experiences specific to adolescents undergoing HSCT. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to describe symptom incidence, severity, and distress trajectories among adolescents from pre-HSCT through 90 days post-HSCT...
October 17, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Hsiu-Wen Tsai, Shu-Ching Chen, Hsein-Lin Wu, Ming-Ying Hong, Yun-Hsiang Lee, Yeur-Hur Lai
BACKGROUND: Providing tobacco control (TC) and smoking cessation (SC) counseling is an important part of healthcare. An assessment tool to understand healthcare providers' experiences in providing SC counseling may enhance TC. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) translate and develop the Smoking Cessation Counseling Scale-Chinese version (SCCS-C) and (2) evaluate its psychometric properties in Taiwan. METHODS: This is a 2-phase instrument testing study...
October 16, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Hilde Elisabeth Timenes Mikkelsen, Karianne Vassbakk-Brovold, Anne Jørstad Antonsen, Sveinung Berntsen, Christian Kersten, Liv Fegran
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions seem promising with regard to cancer patients' potential for physical and psychological health benefits and as an empowerment tool. Nevertheless, there is a lack of knowledge concerning cancer patients' longer-term experiences of participating in comprehensive lifestyle interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore cancer patients' long-term experiences of participating in a 12-month individualized comprehensive lifestyle intervention study focusing on physical activity, diet, smoking cessation, and stress management while receiving curative or palliative chemotherapy...
October 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Dawn Stacey, Monica Taljaard, Rodney H Breau, Nicole Baba, Terry Blackmore, Laura Boland, Meg Carley, Robert Chi Wu, Jennifer Smylie, France Lgar
BACKGROUND: There are multiple options for men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer. Patient decision aids (PtDAs) help empower individuals and reduce unwarranted practice variation, but few are used in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: We compared 2 programs implementing PtDAs for men with localized prostate cancer. METHODS: This was a comparative case study. Case 1 was a hospital prostate pathway and case 2 was a provincial prostate pathway with 2 locations (2a, 2b)...
October 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Lauren J Frensham, Gaynor Parfitt, James Dollman
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has numerous associated benefits for cancer survivors. Compared with their urban counterparts, rural Australians experience a health disadvantage, including poorer survival rate after diagnosis of cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to test the effectiveness of an online 12-week walking intervention designed for cancer survivors and explore region-specific psychological predictors of behavior change. METHODS: This was a quasi-randomized controlled trial of an online resource designed according to Social Cognitive Theory and Self-determination Theory, based on individualized goal setting...
October 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Wen P Chang, Yu X Peng
BACKGROUND: Preclinical tests in animals have shown that ginger extract can be used to treat chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV); however, research findings in clinical trials have not been conclusive. OBJECTIVE: Through this meta-analysis, we aimed to determine whether ginger could be used to treat CINV, which was interpreted using the PICOS (patient, problem/population, intervention, comparison, outcome, study) framework, with P being patients who underwent chemotherapy; I being 0...
October 6, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Trine Tafjord
BACKGROUND: A parent's cancer may have disruptive impact on his/her adolescent children. Currently, nurses have been regarded as central actors in direct involvement with patients' minor children. Development of an extended nursing role has become a pertinent issue. OBJECTIVE: Adolescents' needs tend to be overlooked by nurses because of inexperience with this population. The aim of this study was to explore nurses' experiences of direct involvement with these adolescents, to get a deeper understanding about this phenomenon...
October 6, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Lou-Ching Kuo, Wen-Pei Chang, Hui-Chuan Huang, Chia-Chin Lin
BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the relationship of rest-activity rhythm with survival in older adults with lung cancer and to consider variations in rest-activity rhythm over time. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between rest-activity rhythm variations and survival in 33 older adults with lung cancer by considering rest-activity rhythm as a time-dependent covariate over time. METHODS: In this prospective study with 5 repeated measurements, patients' rest-activity rhythm over 3 days was measured using actigraphy...
October 5, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Yeter Sinem Üzar-Özçetin, Duygu Hiçdurmaz
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial empowerment of cancer survivors can help improve their psychological resilience and enhance their posttraumatic growth. However, there is a lack of research exploring the effects of such empowerment programs on resilience and posttraumatic growth of cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of an integrated empowerment program on cancer survivors...
September 25, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Jung Lim Lee, Younhee Jeong
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) is important for cancer patients, even for survival. However, factors affecting QOL of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients have not been studied sufficiently. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to understand the relationships among social support, resilience, distress, and symptom and to identify predictors of QOL for NSCLC patients. METHODS: Participants were 212 adult patients who visited an outpatient department at a tertiary hospital located in Seoul, Korea...
September 10, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Yuka Ichijo, Yuko Takeda, Yuko Oguma, Yuko Kitagawa, Hiroya Takeuchi, Ardith Z Doorenbos
BACKGROUND: Previous literature has reported that regular physical activity enhances health-related quality of life for cancer patients. However, there is a lack of studies that focus on physical activity among postoperative esophageal cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) describe the prevalence of physical activity among postoperative esophageal cancer patients, (2) explore variables related to physical activity (demographics, nutrition, dysphagia, and health-related qualify of life), and (3) examine potential reasons for inactivity among participants who scored low using case studies...
September 3, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Soo Hyun Kim, Sihyun Park, Sei Joong Kim, Min Hee Hur, Bo Gyeong Lee, Mi Sook Han
BACKGROUND: Recognition of the importance of self-management (SM) for breast cancer survivors (BCSs) is increasing, but evidence from investigations of their needs focusing on SM is limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the SM needs of BCSs who had completed treatment. METHODS: Using a qualitative study design, we interviewed a focus group of 20 BCSs who underwent cancer therapy (mean time since diagnosis 3.4 years) at a university hospital in South Korea...
August 24, 2018: Cancer Nursing
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