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Cancer Nursing

Sheng-Miauh Huang, Pei-Ling Hsieh, Yvonne Hsiung, Ling-Ming Tseng, Ping-Ho Chen, Chia Tai Hung
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that women with cancer experience infertility after cancer-related treatment. With the rapid progress in fertility science, women face diverse and uncertain choices regarding pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the decision-making process regarding fertility choices among reproductive-age women with cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: Grounded theory methodology guided data collection using in-depth interviews with 18 women diagnosed and treated for cancer...
October 6, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Dawn Schroeder, Wendy Duggleby, Brenda L Cameron
BACKGROUND: In families where genetic testing for the breast cancer 1 and 2 genes (BRCA1/2) has not identified a deleterious mutation, the risk for hereditary breast cancer (HBC) can still be high when there is a strong family history. Little is known about how an awareness of risk for HBC impacts the everyday lives of unaffected women (no personal history for breast and/or ovarian cancer) in these families. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore how unaffected women, living in BRCA1/2-negative families, experience living with risk for HBC...
October 4, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Hsien-Ting Pan, Li-Min Wu, Shu-Hui Wen
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) increasingly is being assessed in pediatric patients with cancer. However, only a few studies focused on QoL predictors during and after treatment for pediatric patients with cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) assess differences of QoL, distress behavior, and fatigue among children and adolescents; (2) examine the relationship of distress behaviors, fatigue, and a variety of demographic factors to QoL; and (3) identify QoL predictors...
September 15, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Tracy L Truant, Esther Green, Luz Esperanza Ayala de Calvo, Sarah M McCarthy, Donalda MacDonald, Komal Patel, Janice Stewart, Maria Victoria Brunelli, Clara Cullen, Silvina Estrada de Ellis, Lailah M P Nunes, Patricia Salles
BACKGROUND: Oral therapy (OT) use for cancer is increasing globally. Yet, nurses in 4 Latin American countries lacked knowledge and educational opportunities to safely care for people receiving OTs. Global partnerships to contextualize education and create local capacity may enhance nursing practice. OBJECTIVE: Within 4 Latin American countries, this study aims to (1) develop, deliver, and evaluate an OT cancer nursing education program and (2) evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of using an integrated knowledge translation (iKT) framework to develop the program and foster nurses' capacity for OT care...
September 15, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Mo-Kyung Sin, Il-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the most highly prevalent cancer among Korean Americans, occurring at a higher rate than among other Asian Americans and non-Latino Whites. However, little is known about the culturally specific barriers to gastric cancer screening among Korean Americans. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore facilitators of and barriers to gastric cancer screening among Korean Americans. METHODS: In this qualitative focus group study, a convenience sample of 50 Korean Americans aged 21 to 75 years was recruited from the Puget Sound area of Washington with the assistance of Korean churches...
September 15, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Birgith Pedersen, Mette Groenkjaer, Ursula Falkmer, Charlotte Delmar
BACKGROUND: Changes in weight and body composition among women during and after adjuvant antineoplastic treatment for breast cancer may influence long-term survival and quality of life. Research on factual weight changes is diverse and contrasting, and their influence on women's perception of body and self seems to be insufficiently explored. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to expand the understanding of the association between changes in weight and body composition and the women's perception of body and selves...
September 15, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Sang-Hee Kim, Youngsoon Byun
BACKGROUND: Symptom clusters must be identified in patients with high-grade brain cancers for effective symptom management during cancer-related therapy. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to identify symptom clusters in patients with high-grade brain cancers and to determine the relationship of each cluster with the performance status and quality of life (QOL) during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: Symptoms were assessed using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale, and the performance status was evaluated using the Karnofsky Performance Scale...
September 14, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Tara A Albrecht, Michael Boyiadzis, R K Elswick, Angela Starkweather, Margaret Rosenzweig
BACKGROUND: Patients with a new diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are at risk of experiencing a high symptom burden due to the disease and its treatment, which includes a long period of hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot work was to describe the multidimensional symptoms and health-related quality of life experienced by patients with a new diagnosis of AML across induction chemotherapy. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal descriptive study design was implemented to evaluate symptoms and health-related quality of life at the time of enrollment through 6 weeks postdiagnosis and identify who might be most at risk of experiencing high symptom burden...
September 14, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Catherine E Dingley, Margaret Clayton, Djin Lai, Katherine Doyon, Maija Reblin, Lee Ellington
BACKGROUND: Activated patients have the skills, knowledge, and confidence to manage their care, resulting in positive outcomes such as lower hospital readmission and fewer adverse consequences due to poor communication with providers. Despite extensive evidence on patient activation, little is known about activation in the home hospice setting, when family caregivers assume more responsibility in care management. OBJECTIVE: We examined caregiver and nurse communication behaviors associated with caregiver activation during home hospice visits of patients with advanced cancer using a prospective observational design...
September 14, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Jennifer L Milata, Julie L Otte, Janet S Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Oral endocrine therapy (OET) such as tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors reduces recurrence and mortality for the 75% of breast cancer survivors (BCSs) with a diagnosis of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Because many BCSs decide not take OET as recommended because of adverse effects, understanding BCSs' decisional supports and needs is foundational to supporting quality OET decision making about whether to adhere to OET. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine literature pertaining to OET nonadherence and adverse effects using the Ottawa Decision Support Framework categories of decisional supports and decisional needs because these factors potentially influence OET use...
August 18, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Birgith Pedersen, Charlotte Delmar, Mette Dahl Bendtsen, Ingvar Bosaeus, Andreas Carus, Ursula Falkmer, Mette Groenkjaer
BACKGROUND: Antineoplastic adjuvant treatment for breast cancer can cause changes in women's weight and body composition and influence their general health and survival. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the extent and patterns of change in weight and body composition after current standard adjuvant antineoplastic treatment for breast cancer. METHODS: Data on weight and body composition from 95 women with breast cancer Stage I to III were obtained during 18 months on a bioelectric impedance analyzer...
August 16, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Melinda Craike, Kaye Hose, Kerry S Courneya, Simon J Harrison, Patricia M Livingston
BACKGROUND: Although physical activity (PA) has significant benefits for people living with multiple myeloma (MM), participation rates are low. Examination of PA preferences will provide important information to clinicians and assist in the development of interventions to increase participation in PA for people living with MM. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to gain an in-depth understanding of the PA preferences for people living with MM, including the preferred role of clinicians...
August 16, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Meng-Hua Chung, Shu-Yi Wang, Chia-Chin Lin
BACKGROUND: Hepatoma is the second leading cause of cancer mortality among patients with cancer in Taiwan. Patients with cancer simultaneously experience multiple symptoms in clusters. Relevant studies have generally focused on a single hepatoma symptom. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to explore the prevalence of symptom clusters and the impact of fatigue and sleep on symptom experiences of patients with hepatoma. METHODS: The Taiwanese version of the M...
July 28, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Laura A Szalacha, Jennifer Kue, Usha Menon
BACKGROUND: Lower participation rates in mammography and Papanicolaou test are common among Latinas compared with other ethnic groups. Suboptimal screening rates are attributed to lack of knowledge, access to services, and cultural influences. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to qualitatively examine an alternative framework for examining cultural influences on Mexican-heritage Latinas' understandings of breast and cervical cancer screening and how to leverage their beliefs to positively influence screening practices...
July 28, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Molly H Gardner, Sylvie Mrug, David C Schwebel, Sean Phipps, Kimberly Whelan, Avi Madan-Swain
BACKGROUND: Benefit finding, or finding positive outcomes in the face of adversity, may play a role in predicting quality of life (QoL) among caregivers, but mixed results suggest that other factors may moderate this relationship. OBJECTIVE: This study examined demographic and psychosocial moderators of the association between benefit finding and QoL among caregivers of childhood cancer survivors. METHODS: Caregivers of childhood cancer survivors (n = 83) completed measures of benefit finding, QoL, coping, optimism, social support, caregiving demand, posttraumatic stress, and demographics...
July 28, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Siew Hoon Lim, Hong-Gu He, Sally Wai Chi Chan
BACKGROUND: Formation of a stoma is a common outcome in surgical treatment of colorectal cancer. A higher acceptance of stoma was shown to improve quality of life of patients. No instrument in Chinese is available that can be used to measure the acceptance of stoma among patients with colorectal cancer. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to translate and test the psychometric properties of Chinese version of Acceptance of Chronic Health Conditions (ACHC) (Stoma) scale...
July 28, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Barbara A Given, Charles W Given, Eric Vachon, Denise Hershey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Cancer Nursing
Chia-Chin Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Cancer Nursing
Amy R Newman
BACKGROUND: Disclosure of diagnostic and prognostic information has become the standard in the United States and increasingly around the world. Disclosure is generally identified as the responsibility of the physician. However, nurses are active participants in the process both intentionally and inadvertently. If not included in initial discussions regarding diagnosis and prognosis, the nurse may find it challenging to openly support the patient and family. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to synthesize published literature regarding nurses' perceptions and experiences with diagnosis and prognosis-related communication...
September 2016: Cancer Nursing
Pauline M Rose
BACKGROUND: Radiation oncology nurses engage in individualized supportive care of people undergoing radiotherapy. A primary nursing/collaborative practice framework guides the delivery of individualized care to patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and compare patients' and nurses' perceptions of individualized care in 2 radiotherapy centers. METHODS: This cross-sectional, comparative study collected data from patients (n = 173) undergoing curative radiotherapy and their nurses (n = 30), using the Individualized Care scales: patient and nurse...
September 2016: Cancer Nursing
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