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South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697607/wideband-acoustic-immittance-for-assessing-middle-ear-functioning-for-preterm-neonates-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#1
Nandel Gouws, De Wet Swanepoel, Leigh Biagio De Jager
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of newborn hearing screening is to detect permanent hearing loss. Because otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) are sensitive to hearing loss, they are often used as screening tools. On the other hand, false-positive results are most often because of transient outer- and middle ear conditions. Wideband acoustic immittance (WAI), which includes physical measures known as reflectance and absorbance, has shown potential for accurate assessment of middle ear function in young infants...
June 28, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697606/dysphonia-in-adults-with-developmental-stuttering-a-descriptive-study
#2
Anél Botha, Elizbé Ras, Shabnam Abdoola, Jeannie Van der Linde
BACKGROUND: Persons with stuttering (PWS) often present with other co-occurring conditions. The World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) proposes that it is important to understand the full burden of a health condition. A few studies have explored voice problems among PWS, and the characteristics of voices of PWS are relatively unknown. The importance of conducting future research has been emphasised. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the vocal characteristics of PWS...
June 26, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582997/breastfeeding-and-swallowing-in-a-neonate-with-mild-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy
#3
Esedra Krüger, Alta Kritzinger, Lidia Pottas
BACKGROUND: Specific breastfeeding and swallowing characteristics in neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) have not yet been well described in the literature. Considering the relatively high incidence of HIE in resource-poor settings, speech-language therapists should be cognisant of the feeding difficulties in this population during breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To systematically describe the breastfeeding and swallowing of a single case of a neonate diagnosed with mild HIE from admission to discharge...
May 22, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470082/the-attitudes-of-typically-developing-adolescents-towards-their-sibling-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Christine Van der Merwe, Juan Bornman, Dana Donohue, Michal Harty
BACKGROUND: Understanding how the cognitive, emotional and behavioural components of sibling attitudes interact with one another at various stages of a sibling's lifespan will allow clinicians to provide better support to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families. However, no research exists which focusses on describing the attitudes of adolescent siblings of children with ASD within the South African context towards their sibling with an ASD. The primary aim of this study was to investigate how typically developing adolescents recall their past attitudes and describe their present attitudes towards their sibling with an ASD...
April 26, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470081/a-comparison-of-attitudes-towards-stuttering-of-non-stuttering-preschoolers-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#5
Mary E Weidner, Kenneth O St Louis, Egemen Nakisci, Ramazan S Ozdemir
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Extensive research documents ubiquitous negative attitudes towards stuttering, but when and how they develop is unclear. This non-experimental, comparative study examined US and Turkish preschoolers to explore the origin of stuttering attitudes cross-culturally. METHOD: The authors compared stuttering attitudes of 28 US and 31 Turkish non-stuttering preschoolers on English and Turkish versions of experimental prototypes of the newly developed Public Opinion Survey on Human Attributes-Stuttering/Child (POSHA-S/Child)...
April 21, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397520/perceptions-of-public-primary-school-teachers-regarding-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-south-africa
#6
Katerina Ehlert
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is an increasingly growing problem in young children. This is attributed to recreational noise being the most common cause of this problem. In young children, hearing problems can delay language development and reduce academic achievements. South Africa, in particular, has limited information and protective measures regarding the conservation of hearing in school-aged children. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the study was to determine the perception of primary school teachers regarding NIHL...
March 28, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281768/parents-are-aware-of-the-ototoxic-effects-of-chemotherapy-in-paediatrics-undergoing-cancer-treatment-professional-versus-parental-views-a-pilot-study
#7
Nomfundo F Moroe, Kirstie Hughes
BACKGROUND: The primary goal of chemotherapy is to cure cancer and its symptoms. Hence, in recent years, there has been an increase in cancer paediatric survival rate. However, there have also been adverse side effects such as ototoxic hearing loss because of chemotherapy. Therefore, this study aimed at exploring whether the parents of children undergoing chemotherapy are aware of ototoxic effects of chemotherapy. METHODS: A non-experimental quantitative study was conducted to collect data through questionnaires, one for paediatric oncologists and the other for parents...
February 27, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281767/the-effect-of-methylphenidate-oros-sup-%C3%A2-sup-on-the-narrative-ability-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Tessa L Rausch, Diane L Kendall, Sara T Kover, Elizabeth M Louw, Ursula L Zsilavecz, Anita Van der Merwe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience difficulty with expressive language, including form (e.g. grammatical construction) and content (e.g. coherence). The current study aimed to investigate the effect of methylphenidate-Osmotic Release Oral System® (MPH-OROS®) on the narrative ability of children with ADHD and language impairment, through the analysis of microstructure and macrostructure narrative elements. METHOD: In a single group off-on medication test design, narratives were obtained from 12 children with ADHD, aged 7-13 years, using wordless picture books...
February 27, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155282/phonemic-awareness-of-english-second-language-learners
#9
Maria Le Roux, Salome Geertsema, Heila Jordaan, Danie Prinsloo
BACKGROUND: The PA skills of phonological blending and segmentation and auditory word discrimination relate directly to literacy and may be weak in English second language (EL2) learners. In South Africa, literacy skills have been found to be poor in especially EL2 learners. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to determine the effects of vowel perception and production intervention on phonemic awareness (PA) and literacy skills of Setswana first language (L1) learners...
January 30, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155281/preliminary-psychometric-performance-of-the-neonatal-feeding-assessment-scale
#10
Mari Viviers, Alta Kritzinger, Bart Vinck, Marien Graham
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the preliminary psychometric performance of a new clinical feeding scale to diagnose oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) in neonates. METHODS: Twenty neonates with a median gestational age of 35 weeks were evaluated using the Neonatal Feeding Assessment Scale (NFAS) and modified barium swallow studies (MBSS). The results were compared. RESULTS: Nine of the 20 participants presented with OPD on the NFAS. Comparison of the scale's results with instrumental MBSS indicated that all participants without OPD were correctly excluded (100% sensitivity)...
January 30, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155280/poor-consistency-in-evaluating-south-african-adults-with-neurogenic-dysphagia
#11
Mckinley Andrews, Mershen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Speech-language therapists are specifically trained in clinically evaluating swallowing in adults with acute stroke. Incidence of dysphagia following acute stroke is high in South Africa, and health implications can be fatal, making optimal management of this patient population crucial. However, despite training and guidelines for best practice in clinically evaluating swallowing in adults with acute stroke, there are low levels of consistency in these practice patterns. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore the clinical practice activities of speech-language therapists in the clinical evaluation of swallowing in adults with acute stroke...
January 23, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155308/ototoxicity-management-an-investigation-into-doctors-knowledge-and-practices-and-the-roles-of-audiologists-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#12
Anna Wium, Berna Gerber
BACKGROUND: A significant number of medications that are prescribed by doctors to treat cancers, tuberculosis and infections are ototoxic. Disclosure of ototoxic risks is ethical practice as patients have the right to be properly informed about and involved in decisions about their health care. Often, doctors fail to disclose such information. AIM: This research investigated whether a group of doctors working in a South African academic hospital inform their patients about the ototoxic risks associated with specific medications, and if not, explore the reasons for it...
December 1, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155307/effect-of-voice-therapy-in-sulcus-vocalis-a-single-case-study
#13
R Rajasudhakar
BACKGROUND: Sulcus vocalis is a structural deformity of the vocal ligament. It is the focal invagination of the epithelium deeply attaching to the vocal ligament. There is a dearth of literature on the outcome of voice therapy in sulcus vocalis condition. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to document voice characteristics of sulcus vocalis and the secondary objective was to establish the efficacy of voice therapy in a patient with sulcus vocalis...
November 30, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155306/an-audiological-profile-of-patients-infected-with-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-at-a-district-hospital-in-kwazulu-natal
#14
Delicia Appana, Lavanithum Joseph, Jessica Paken
BACKGROUND: The increased incidence of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and the consequent use of aminoglycosides with their ototoxic potential necessitate a better understanding of the audiological pattern of infected patients. OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence and nature of hearing loss in patients with MDR-TB receiving aminoglycosides over a period of 6 months. METHODS: Baseline and five consecutive monthly audiological assessments were conducted on 52 adults at a hospital in KwaZulu-Natal...
November 25, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155305/culturally-sensitive-adaptation-of-the-concept-of-relational-communication-therapy-as-a-support-to-language-development-an-exploratory-study-in-collaboration-with-a-tanzanian-orphanage
#15
Ulrike Schütte
BACKGROUND: Orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) who grow up in institutional care often show communication and language problems. The caregivers lack training, and there are few language didactics programmes aimed at supporting communication and language development in OVC in institutional care in Tanzania. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to adapt the German concept of relational communication therapy (RCT) as a support to language development in a Tanzanian early childhood education context in a culturally sensitive way...
November 7, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796101/development-of-a-clinical-feeding-assessment-scale-for-very-young-infants-in-south-africa
#16
Mari Viviers, Alta Kritzinger, Bart Vinck
BACKGROUND: There is a need for validated neonatal feeding assessment instruments in South Africa. A locally developed instrument may contribute to standardised evaluation procedures of high-risk neonates and address needs in resource constrained developing settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to develop and validate the content of a clinical feeding assessment scale to diagnose oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) in neonates. METHOD: The Neonatal Feeding Assessment Scale (NFAS) was developed using the Delphi method...
October 26, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796100/practices-and-views-of-audiologists-regarding-aural-rehabilitation-services-for-adults-with-acquired-hearing-loss
#17
Musa Makhoba, Neethie Joseph
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss in adults is one of the leading disabilities globally. It is managed through aural rehabilitation for which there is a paucity of literature in South Africa. This raises the question of interest, the integrity of holistic service provision amongst audiologists and whether interest and challenges affect current practices. OBJECTIVES: To describe audiologists' practices and views on aural rehabilitation services for adults, including interest and challenges experienced...
September 29, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542416/lexical-development-of-noun-and-predicate-comprehension-and-production-in-isizulu
#18
Ramona Kunene Nicolas, Saaliha Ahmed
This study seeks to investigate the development of noun and predicate comprehension and production in isiZulu-speaking children between the ages of 25 and 36 months. It compares lexical comprehension and production in isiZulu, using an Italian developed and validated vocabulary assessment tool: The Picture Naming Game (PiNG) developed by Bello, Giannantoni, Pettenati, Stefanini and Caselli (2012). The PiNG tool includes four subtests, one each for subnoun comprehension (NC), noun production (NP), predicate comprehension (PC), and predicate production (PP)...
July 28, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542415/editorial-to-the-south-african-journal-of-communication-disorders-special-issue
#19
Heila Letitia Jordaan, Ramona Kunene Nicolas
No abstract available.
July 28, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796099/primary-school-teachers-opinions-and-attitudes-towards-stuttering-in-two-south-african-urban-education-districts
#20
Kristen Abrahams, Michal Harty, Kenneth O St Louis, Lehana Thabane, Harsha Kathard
BACKGROUND: As teachers form an important part of the intervention process with childrenwho stutter in primary school, the primary aim was to describe primary school teachers'attitudes in South Africa. The secondary aim was to compare teachers' attitudes towardsstuttering in South Africa with those from a pooled group of respondents in the Public OpinionSurvey of Human Attributes-Stuttering (POSHA-S) database from different countries collectedin 2009-2014. METHOD: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey research design was used...
July 27, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
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