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South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796101/development-of-a-clinical-feeding-assessment-scale-for-very-young-infants-in-south-africa
#1
Mari Viviers, Alta Kritzinger, Bart Vinck
BACKGROUND: There is a need for validated neonatal feeding assessment instruments in South Africa. A locally developed instrument may contribute to standardised evaluation procedures of high-risk neonates and address needs in resource constrained developing settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to develop and validate the content of a clinical feeding assessment scale to diagnose oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) in neonates. METHOD: The Neonatal Feeding Assessment Scale (NFAS) was developed using the Delphi method...
October 26, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796100/practices-and-views-of-audiologists-regarding-aural-rehabilitation-services-for-adults-with-acquired-hearing-loss
#2
Musa Makhoba, Neethie Joseph
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss in adults is one of the leading disabilities globally. It is managed through aural rehabilitation for which there is a paucity of literature in South Africa. This raises the question of interest, the integrity of holistic service provision amongst audiologists and whether interest and challenges affect current practices. OBJECTIVES: To describe audiologists' practices and views on aural rehabilitation services for adults, including interest and challenges experienced...
September 29, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796099/primary-school-teachers-opinions-and-attitudes-towards-stuttering-in-two-south-african-urban-education-districts
#3
Kristen Abrahams, Michal Harty, Kenneth O St Louis, Lehana Thabane, Harsha Kathard
BACKGROUND: As teachers form an important part of the intervention process with childrenwho stutter in primary school, the primary aim was to describe primary school teachers'attitudes in South Africa. The secondary aim was to compare teachers' attitudes towardsstuttering in South Africa with those from a pooled group of respondents in the Public OpinionSurvey of Human Attributes-Stuttering (POSHA-S) database from different countries collectedin 2009-2014. METHOD: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey research design was used...
July 27, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796098/feasibility-of-newborn-hearing-screening-in-a-public-hospital-setting-in-south-africa-a-pilot-study
#4
Amisha Kanji, Katijah Khoza-Shangase
OBJECTIVES: The current pilot study aimed to explore the feasibility of newborn hearing screening (NHS) in a hospital setting with clinical significance for the implementation of NHS. Context-specific objectives included determining the average time required to screen each neonate or infant; the most suitable time for initial hearing screening in the wards; as well as the ambient noise levels in the wards and at the neonatal follow-up clinic where screening would be conducted. METHOD: A descriptive, longitudinal, repeated measures, within-subjects design was employed...
July 21, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542416/lexical-development-of-noun-and-predicate-comprehension-and-production-in-isizulu
#5
Ramona Kunene Nicolas, Saaliha Ahmed
This study seeks to investigate the development of noun and predicate comprehension and production in isiZulu-speaking children between the ages of 25 and 36 months. It compares lexical comprehension and production in isiZulu, using an Italian developed and validated vocabulary assessment tool: The Picture Naming Game (PiNG) developed by Bello, Giannantoni, Pettenati, Stefanini and Caselli (2012). The PiNG tool includes four subtests, one each for subnoun comprehension (NC), noun production (NP), predicate comprehension (PC), and predicate production (PP)...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542415/editorial-to-the-south-african-journal-of-communication-disorders-special-issue
#6
Heila Letitia Jordaan, Ramona Kunene Nicolas
No abstract available.
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542386/primary-school-teachers-opinions-and-attitudes-towards-stuttering-in-two-south-african-urban-education-districts
#7
Kristen Abrahams, Michal Harty, Kenneth O St Louis, Lehana Thabane, Harsha Kathard
BACKGROUND: As teachers form an important part of the intervention process with childrenwho stutter in primary school, the primary aim was to describe primary school teachers'attitudes in South Africa. The secondary aim was to compare teachers' attitudes towardsstuttering in South Africa with those from a pooled group of respondents in the Public OpinionSurvey of Human Attributes-Stuttering (POSHA-S) database from different countries collectedin 2009-2014. METHOD: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey research design was used...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443006/feasibility-of-newborn-hearing-screening-in-a-public-hospital-setting-in-south-africa-a-pilot-study
#8
Amisha Kanji, Katijah Khoza-Shangase
OBJECTIVES: The current pilot study aimed to explore the feasibility of newborn hearing screening (NHS) in a hospital setting with clinical significance for the implementation of NHS. Context-specific objectives included determining the average time required to screen each neonate or infant; the most suitable time for initial hearing screening in the wards; as well as the ambient noise levels in the wards and at the neonatal follow-up clinic where screening would be conducted. METHOD: A descriptive, longitudinal, repeated measures, within-subjects design was employed...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380914/the-effect-of-age-of-cochlear-implantation-on-vocal-characteristics-in-children
#9
Kerry Knight, Simone Ducasse, Ashley Coetzee, Jeannie van der Linde, Anel Louw
BACKGROUND: Early cochlear implantation aids auditory feedback and supports better communication and self-monitoring of the voice. The objective of this study was to determine whether the age of cochlear implantation has an impact on vocal development in children implanted before age 4. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: The study consisted of 19 participants in total. All implant recipients (experimental group) were 3-5 years post-implantation, including four prelingual (0-2 years) and five perilingual (2-4 years) implant recipients...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380913/the-practices-challenges-and-recommendations-of-south-african-audiologists-regarding-managing-children-with-auditory-processing-disorders
#10
Claire Fouché-Copley, Samantha Govender, Nasim Khan
Audiologists managing children with auditory processing disorders (APD) encounter challenges that include conflicting definitions, several classification profiles, problems with differential diagnosis and a lack of standardised guidelines. The heterogeneity of the disorder and its concomitant childhood disorders makes diagnosis difficult. Linguistic and cultural issues are additional challenges faced by South African audiologists. The study aimed to describe the practices, challenges and recommendations of South African audiologists managing children with APD...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247255/the-prevalence-of-hearing-impairment-within-the-cape-town-metropolitan-area
#11
Lebogang Ramma, Ben Sebothoma
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data on the prevalence of hearing impairment in South Africa. Current data is unreliable as it is based on national census information which tends to underestimate the prevalence of hearing impairment. AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing impairment in the Cape Town Metropolitan area and to determine factors associated with hearing impairment. METHOD: A cross-sectional household survey involving 2494 partcipants from 718 households was conducted between the months of February and October 2013...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247254/are-south-african-speech-language-therapists-adequately-equipped-to-assess-english-additional-language-eal-speakers-who-are-from-an-indigenous-linguistic-and-cultural-background-a-profile-and-exploration-of-the-current-situation
#12
Thandeka Mdladlo, Penelope Flack, Robin Joubert
This article presents the results of a survey conducted on Speech-Language Therapists (SLTs) regarding current practices in the assessment of English Additional Language (EAL) speakers in South Africa. It forms part of the rationale for a broader (PhD) study that critiques the use of assessment instruments on EAL speakers from an indigenous linguistic and cultural background. This article discusses an aspect of the broader research and presents the background, method, findings, discussion and implications of the survey...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245134/identifying-phonological-processing-deficits-in-northern-sotho-speaking-children-the-use-of-non-word-repetition-as-a-language-assessment-tool-in-the-south-african-context
#13
Carien Wilsenach
Diagnostic testing of speech/language skills in the African languages spoken in South Africa is a challenging task, as standardised language tests in the official languages of South Africa barely exist. Commercially available language tests are in English, and have been standardised in other parts of the world. Such tests are often translated into African languages, a practice that speech language therapists deem linguistically and culturally inappropriate. In response to the need for developing clinical language assessment instruments that could be used in South Africa, this article reports on data collected with a Northern Sotho non-word repetition task (NRT)...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245133/lexical-and-grammatical-development-in-trilingual-speakers-of-isixhosa-english-and-afrikaans
#14
Anneke P Potgieter
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of normative data on linguistic development among child speakers of Southern African languages, especially in the case of the multilingual children who constitute the largest part of this population. This inevitably impacts on the accuracy of developmental assessments of such speakers. Already negative lay opinion on the effect of early multilingualism on language development rates could be exacerbated by the lack of developmental data, ultimately affecting choices regarding home and school language policies...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245132/the-comprehension-and-production-of-quantifiers-in-isixhosa-speaking-grade-1-learners
#15
Joanine Nel, Frenette Southwood
BACKGROUND: Quantifiers form part of the discourse-internal linguistic devices that children need to access and produce narratives and other classroom discourse. Little is known about the development - especially the prodiction - of quantifiers in child language, specifically in speakers of an African language. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to ascertain how well Grade 1 isiXhosa first language (L1) learners perform at the beginning and at the end of Grade 1 on quantifier comprehension and production tasks...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245131/speech-processing-and-production-in-two-year-old-children-acquiring-isixhosa-a-tale-of-two-children
#16
Michelle Pascoe, Kate Rossouw, Laura Fish, Charne Jansen, Natalie Manley, Michelle Powell, Loren Rosen
We investigated the speech processing and production of 2-year-old children acquiring isiXhosa in South Africa. Two children (2 years, 5 months; 2 years, 8 months) are presented as single cases. Speech input processing, stored phonological knowledge and speech output are described, based on data from auditory discrimination, naming, and repetition tasks. Both children were approximating adult levels of accuracy in their speech output, although naming was constrained by vocabulary. Performance across tasks was variable: One child showed a relative strength with repetition, and experienced most difficulties with auditory discrimination...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26974244/the-south-african-dysphagia-screening-tool-sads-a-screening-tool-for-a-developing-context
#17
Calli Ostrofsky, Jaishika Seedat
BACKGROUND: Notwithstanding its value, there are challenges and limitations to implementing a dysphagia screening tool from a developed contexts in a developing context. The need for a reliable and valid screening tool for dysphagia that considers context, systemic rules and resources was identified to prevent further medical compromise, optimise dysphagia prognosis and ultimately hasten patients' return to home or work. METHODOLOGY: To establish the validity and reliability of the South African dysphagia screening tool (SADS) for acute stroke patients accessing government hospital services...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26974243/implementing-oral-care-to-reduce-aspiration-pneumonia-amongst-patients-with-dysphagia-in-a-south-african-setting
#18
Jaishika Seedat, Claire Penn
Oral care is a crucial routine for patients with dysphagia that, when completed routinely, can prevent the development of aspiration pneumonia. There is no standardised protocol for oral care within government hospitals in South Africa. This study aimed to investigate the outcome of an oral care protocol. Participants were patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia, with either stroke or traumatic brain injury as the underlying medical pathology, and nurses. All participants were recruited from one tertiary level government hospital in Gauteng, South Africa...
2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26809158/audiology-practice-management-in-south-africa-what-audiologists-know-and-what-they-should-know
#19
Deidré Breytenbach, Alta Kritzinger, Maggi Soer
BACKGROUND: In future, the South African Department of Health aims to purchase services from accredited private service providers. Successful private audiology practices can assist to address issues of access, equity and quality of health services. It is not sufficient to be an excellent clinician, since audiology practices are businesses that must also be managed effectively. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the existing and required levels of practice management knowledge as perceived by South African audiologists...
2015: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26809157/suck-swallow-and-breathing-coordination-in-infants-with-infantile-colic
#20
Hanlie Degenaar, Alta Kritzinger
BACKGROUND: There appears to be a perception amongst parents and in popular literature that infantile colic is caused by feeding difficulties. Limited support for this perception is found in scientific literature. Whilst there is scientific evidence that suck, swallow and breathing are key components of successful feeding, these components and the coordination thereof in infants with colic have not been extensively researched. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the suck, swallow and breathing coordination in infants with infantile colic and compare it with infants without the condition...
2015: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
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