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JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537798/neonatal-morbidity-count-is-associated-with-a-reduced-likelihood-of-achieving-recommendations-for-protein-lipid-and-energy-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Dawn V Y Ng, Sharon Unger, Michelle Asbury, Alex Kiss, Rosine Bishara, Nicole Bando, Chris Tomlinson, Sharyn Gibbins, Deborah L O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Serious morbidity may elevate nutrient requirements and affect adherence to feeding guidelines for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. An understanding of factors affecting nutrient intakes of VLBW infants will facilitate development of strategies to improve nutrient provision. Our aim was to examine the impact of neonatal morbidity count on achieving recommended nutrient intakes in VLBW infants. METHODS: VLBW infants enrolled in the Donor Milk for Improved Neurodevelopmental Outcomes trial (ISRCTN35317141, n = 363) were included...
May 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521607/intravenous-fish-oil-and-pediatric-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-changes-in-plasma-phytosterols-cytokines-and-bile-acids-and-erythrocyte-fatty-acids
#2
Kara L Calkins, Andrea DeBarber, Robert D Steiner, Martiniano J Flores, Tristan R Grogan, Susanne M Henning, Laurie Reyen, Robert S Venick
BACKGROUND: Soybean oil (SO) emulsions are associated with intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD); fish oil (FO) emulsions are used to treat IFALD. SO and FO differ with respect to their fatty acid and phytosterol content. In children with IFALD whose SO was replaced with FO, we aimed to (1) quantify changes in erythrocyte fatty acids and plasma phytosterols, cytokines, and bile acids and (2) correlate these changes with direct bilirubin (DB). DESIGN: This study enrolled IFALD children who received 6 months of FO...
May 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521598/malnutrition-critical-illness-survivors-and-postdischarge-outcomes-a-cohort-study
#3
Kris M Mogensen, Clare M Horkan, Steven W Purtle, Takuhiro Moromizato, James D Rawn, Malcolm K Robinson, Kenneth B Christopher
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that preexisting malnutrition in patients who survived critical care would be associated with adverse outcomes following hospital discharge. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study in 1 academic medical center in Boston. We studied 23,575 patients, aged ≥18 years, who received critical care between 2004 and 2011 and survived hospitalization. RESULTS: The exposure of interest was malnutrition determined at intensive care unit (ICU) admission by a registered dietitian using clinical judgment and on data related to unintentional weight loss, inadequate nutrient intake, and wasting of muscle mass and/or subcutaneous fat...
May 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510488/distinct-effects-of-growth-hormone-and-glutamine-on-activation-of-intestinal-stem-cells
#4
Yun Chen, Sheng-Hong Tseng, Chao-Ling Yao, Chuan Li, Ya-Hui Tsai
BACKGROUND: For patients with short bowel syndrome under parenteral nutrition support, growth hormone (GH) and glutamine (GLN) have been found to help the growth of intestinal mucosa. In this research, we studied the effects of GH and GLN on intestinal stem cells (ISCs). METHODS: The in vitro and in vivo effects of GH and/or GLN on ISCs were evaluated by observing the ability of ISCs to form organoids in a Matrigel culture system. The expression levels of stemness and differentiation markers in ISCs and organoids were assessed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunofluorescence assay, and immunohistochemistry staining...
May 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453391/global-leadership-initiative-on-malnutrition-progress-report-from-aspen-clinical-nutrition-week-2017
#5
Gordon L Jensen, Tommy Cederholm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441092/self-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-among-patients-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-validation-study
#6
Miriam Theilla, Ilya Kagan, Karina Chernov, Jonathan Cohen, Ilya Kagan, Pierre Singer
BACKGROUND: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) can increase survival and quality of life (QOL) in cases of chronic intestinal failure. The present study compares a gold standard-a validated QOL assessment by Baxter et al (hereafter, HPN-QOL)-with a shorter questionnaire for QOL evaluation (hereafter, New QOL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both questionnaires were completed by 58 patients attending the nutrition clinic of the Rabin Medical Center (Israel). A z score was used to equate means and variances...
April 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437160/meeting-report-of-the-xiv-international-small-bowel-transplant-symposium-summary-of-presentations-workshops-and-debates-from-a-comprehensive-meeting-on-intestinal-failure-rehabilitation-and-transplantation-buenos-aires-argentina-june-10-13-2015
#7
Gabriel E Gondolesi, Adriana Fernandez, Karolina M Burghardt, Scott Nowakowski, Stuart S Kaufman, Andreas Pascher, Diana Florescu, Phillip Ruiz, Rodrigo Vianna, Sara Clarke, Mihai Oltean, Martin Rumbo, George Mazariegos, Debra L Sudan, Douglas G Farmer
The 2015 meeting of the Intestinal Transplant Association was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina. This was the 14th International Small Bowel Transplant Symposium, and it was the first meeting organized as a joint venture of the Transplantation Society, the Intestinal Transplant Association, and the Argentinean Transplant Society (Sociedad Argentina de Trasplantes). Innovative aspects of the classic meeting format included workshops sessions, debates, and multicenter studies. This report highlights the most prominent scientific contributions and results of the first such symposium in a Latin American country...
April 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406753/assessing-the-effect-of-preoperative-nutrition-on-upper-body-function-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-elective-abdominal-surgery
#8
Tarifin Sikder, Geva Maimon, Nadia Sourial, Mehdi Tahiri, Debby Teasdale, Paule Bernier, Shannon A Fraser, Sebastian Demyttenaere, Simon Bergman
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition among elderly surgical patients has been associated with poor postoperative outcomes and reduced functional status. Although previous studies have shown that nutrition contributes to patient outcomes, its long-term impact on functional status requires better characterization. This study examines the effect of nutrition on postoperative upper body function over time in elderly patients undergoing elective surgery. METHODS: This is a 2-year prospective study of elderly patients (≥70 years) undergoing elective abdominal surgery...
April 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406738/comparison-of-gravity-flow-rates-between-enfit-and-legacy-feeding-tubes
#9
Manpreet S Mundi, Wanda Duellman, Lisa Epp, Jacob Davidson, Ryan T Hurt
BACKGROUND: Misconnections between enteral supplies and other access devices have led to significant morbidity and mortality. To reduce misconnections, a standard small-bore connector has been developed (International Organization for Standards 80369-8; ENFit). The full impact of transition to this connector is not known, however. METHOD: Working with major manufacturers and Food and Drug Administration, we obtained ENFit and comparative legacy tubes of variable sizes (low-profile, 14F, 18F, 20F, and 24F balloon gastrostomies)...
April 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402708/diagnosing-sarcopenia-in-male-patients-with-cirrhosis-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-estimates-of-appendicular-skeletal-muscle-mass
#10
Giliane Belarmino, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Priscila Sala, Raquel Susana Torrinhas, Wellington Andraus, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque, Rosa Maria R Pereira, Valéria F Caparbo, Eduardo Ferrioli, Karina Pfrimer, Lucas Damiani, Steven B Heymsfield, Dan L Waitzberg
BACKGROUND: Ascites in cirrhotic patients interfere with accurate assessment of skeletal muscle when diagnosing sarcopenia. We hypothesized measurement of appendicular skeletal muscle index (ASMI) with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) improves the diagnosis of sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients as ASMI does not include the fluid-filled abdominal compartment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if ASMI is influenced by ascites, lower limb edema (LLE) and predicts mortality alone or combined with handgrip strength (HGS) in cirrhotic patients...
April 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355492/longitudinal-bone-mineralization-assessment-in-children-treated-with-long-term-parenteral-nutrition-for-severe-intestinal-failure
#11
Pierre Poinsot, Perrine Geoffroy, Pierre Braillon, Angelique Denis, Irene Loras-Duclaux, Stéphanie Marotte, Stéphanie Boutroy, Justine Bacchetta, Sandrine Touzet, Alain Lachaux, Noel Peretti
BACKGROUND: Metabolic bone disease is common in children receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) for intestinal failure (IF). Long-term evolution of bone mass in pediatric IF is poorly documented. The aims of this study were (1) to determine the prevalence of low bone mass (LBM) in children receiving HPN for IF, (2) to evaluate the evolution of total bone mineral content (TBMC) during HPN with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and (3) to identify related factors. METHODS: All children referred in our HPN center from 2004 to 2014 were eligible...
March 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347206/patients-with-mitochondrial-disease-have-an-inadequate-nutritional-intake
#12
Heidi Zweers, Mirian C H Janssen, Susanne Leij, Geert Wanten
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial disease (MD) is a group of disorders caused by dysfunctional mitochondria, the organelles that generate energy for the cell. Malnutrition in patients with MD may lead to increased mitochondrial dysfunction, which may enhance already existing symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients with MD have an insufficient or unbalanced food intake and to establish which nutrients and product groups are particularly compromised in this patient group...
March 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445681/restoring-the-microbiome-in-critically-ill-patients-are-probiotics-our-true-friends-when-we-are-seriously-ill
#13
William Manzanares, Pascal L Langlois, Paul E Wischmeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445680/jpen-journal-club-27-vested-interests
#14
Ronald L Koretz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445679/response-to-a-comprehensive-nutrition-focused-quality-improvement-program-reduces-30-day-readmissions-and-length-of-stay-in-hospitalized-patients
#15
Ursula Mary McGee, Hannah Ruth Cole, Rachael Catherine Barlow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445678/author-response
#16
Krishnan Sriram, Suela Sulo, Wm Thomas Summerfelt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738264/corrigendum
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587535/management-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-hospitalized-adult-patients-formula-see-text
#18
Manpreet S Mundi, Erin M Nystrom, Daniel L Hurley, M Molly McMahon
Despite the high prevalence of malnutrition in adult hospitalized patients, surveys continue to report that many clinicians are undertrained in clinical nutrition, making targeted nutrition education for clinicians essential for best patient care. Clinical practice models also continue to evolve, with more disciplines prescribing parenteral nutrition (PN) or managing the cases of patients who are receiving it, further adding to the need for proficiency in general PN skills. This tutorial focuses on the daily management of adult hospitalized patients already receiving PN and reviews the following topics: (1) PN basics, including the determination of energy and volume requirements; (2) PN macronutrient content (protein, dextrose, and intravenous fat emulsion); (3) PN micronutrient content (electrolytes, minerals, vitamins, and trace elements); (4) alteration of PN for special situations, such as obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, refeeding, and hepatic/renal disease; (5) daily monitoring and adjustment of PN formula; and (6) PN-related complications (PN-associated liver disease and catheter-related complications)...
May 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484488/higher-doses-of-fish-oil-based-lipid-emulsions-used-to-treat-inadequate-weight-gain-and-rising-triene-tetraene-ratio-in-a-severely-malnourished-infant-with-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease
#19
Mary Riedy, Brittany DePaula, Mark Puder, Kathleen M Gura, Kevin A Sztam
Fish oil-based lipid emulsions (FOLEs) have been used to treat cholestasis in children with intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). When FOLEs are dosed at 1 g/kg/d, essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency typically does not occur. We describe the clinical course of a severely malnourished parenteral nutrition-dependent infant with IFALD. Baseline EFA panels were normal upon starting FOLE at 1 g/kg/d. Despite biochemical improvement in IFALD, weight velocity was below target and biochemical EFA status worsened, even after correction for other factors affecting weight...
May 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006408/dietary-%C3%AF-6-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-ratios-affect-the-homeostasis-of-th-treg-cells-in-mice-with-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis
#20
Cyoung-Huei Huang, Yu-Chen Hou, Man-Hui Pai, Chiu-Li Yeh, Sung-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of different dietary ω-6/ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ratios on modulating helper T (Th) and regulatory T (Treg) lymphocytes in mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. METHODS: There were 3 control and 3 colitis groups. Mice were fed for 24 days with diets with soybean oil (S), a mixture of soybean oil and low fish oil content (LF), or high fish oil content (HF). The ratio of ω-6/ω-3 PUFA in the LF diet was 4:1, and that in the HF diet was 2:1...
May 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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