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Muscle & Nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802059/overlap-of-acute-mydriasis-and-acute-pharyngeal-weakness-associated-with-anti-gq1b-antibodies
#1
Benjamin R Wakerley, Shinsuke Hamada, Kunio Tashiro, Fumio Moriwaka, Nobuhiro Yuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802056/different-nerve-ultrasound-patterns-in-charcot-marie-tooth-types-and-hnpp
#2
Luca Padua, Daniele Coraci, Marta Lucchetta, Ilaria Paolasso, Costanza Pazzaglia, Giuseppe Granata, Mario Cacciavillani, Marco Luigetti, Fiore Manganelli, Chiara Pisciotta, Giuseppe Piscosquito, Davide Pareyson, Chiara Briani
INTRODUCTION: Nerve ultrasound in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) has mostly focused on upper limbs. We performed an evaluation of a large cohort of CMT patients in which we sonographically characterized nerve abnormalities in different disease types, ages and nerves. METHODS: Seventy patients affected by different CMT types and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) were evaluated, assessing median, ulnar, fibular, tibial and sural nerves bilaterally...
August 12, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802051/extraneural-ganglion-cyst-as-a-rare-cause-for-footdrop
#3
Susan Walker, Duncan Snodgrass, Darren Chen, William Huynh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796382/physician-and-self-assessed-myasthenia-gravis-activities-of-daily-living-score
#4
Hye Lim Lee, Ju-Hong Min, Jin Myoung Seok, Eun Bin Cho, Hye Jin Cho, Yong-Dae Kim, Byoung Joon Kim
INTRODUCTION: The myasthenia gravis-activities of daily living profile (MG-ADL) scale is simple. We aimed to validate this scale in the Korean language and to compare physician- and self-assessed MG-ADL scores (pMG-ADL-K and sMG-ADL-K). METHODS: pMG-ADL-K and sMG-ADL-K and MG composite (MGC) scores were obtained from patients. The correlation between pMG-ADL-K and MGC and the relationship between pMG-ADL-K and sMG-ADL-K were assessed using Cronbach's alpha and Spearman's coefficient...
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796344/diagnostic-value-of-the-near-nerve-needle-sensory-nerve-conduction-in-sensory-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy
#5
Zeki Odabasi, Shin J Oh
INTRODUCTION: We report here the diagnostic value of the near-nerve needle sensory nerve conduction study (NNN-SNCS) in sensory inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (IDP) in which the routine nerve conduction study was normal or nondiagnostic. METHODS: The NNN-SNCS was performed to identify demyelination in the plantar nerves in 14 patients and in the median or ulnar nerve in two patients with sensory IDP . RESULTS: In 16 patients with sensory IDP, routine NCSs were either normal or non-diagnostic for demyelination...
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796340/application-of-differentiated-human-tonsil-derived-stem-cells-to-trembler-j-mice
#6
Saeyoung Park, Yoonyoung Choi, Geon Kwak, Young Bin Hong, Namhee Jung, Jieun Kim, Byung-Ok Choi, Sung-Chul Jung
INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate into various cell types. METHODS: We investigated the potential of human tonsil-derived MSCs (T-MSCs) for neuromuscular regeneration in trembler-J (Tr-J) mice: a model for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A. RESULTS: T-MSCs differentiated toward skeletal myocytes with increased expression of skeletal muscle-related markers (including troponin I type 1, and myogenin), and the formation of myotubes in vitro...
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796312/cardiopulmonary-dysfunction-in-patients-with-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2a
#7
LETTER
Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Kazuhiko Segawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796305/electron-microscopic-abnormality-and-therapeutic-efficacy-in-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy-with-anti-neurofascin155-igg4-antibody
#8
Motoi Kuwahara, Hidekazu Suzuki, Nobuyuki Oka, Hidenori Ogata, Satoshi Yanagimoto, Shuji Sadakane, Yuta Fukumoto, Masaki Yamana, Yoshiko Yuhara, Keisuke Yoshikawa, Miyuki Morikawa, Shigeru Kawai, Masahiro Okazaki, Toru Tsujimoto, Jun-Ichi Kira, Susumu Kusunoki
INTRODUCTION: Neurofascin155 (NF155) is a target antigen for autoantibodies in a subset of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). METHODS: We report the cases of 4 patients with anti-NF155 IgG4 antibody-positive CIDP who underwent sural nerve biopsies. RESULTS: All patients were relatively young at onset. Three experienced tremors and 2 had severe ataxia. Although the response to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) was poor in all patients, plasma exchange (PE) and corticosteroids were at least partially effective...
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796278/prophylactic-stretching-does-not-reduce-cramp-susceptibility
#9
Kevin C Miller, James D Harsen, Blaine C Long
INTRODUCTION: Some clinicians advocate stretching to prevent muscle cramps. It is unknown if static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching increases cramp threshold frequency (TFc ), a quantitative measure of cramp susceptibility. METHODS: Fifteen individuals completed this randomized, counterbalanced, cross-over study. We measured passive hallux ROM and then performed three minutes of either static stretching, PNF stretching (hold-relax-with agonist contraction), or no stretching...
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786217/chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy-causing-myelopathy
#10
Stéphane Mathis, Fanny Duval, Guilhem Solé, Thomas Tourdias, Gwendal Le Masson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786117/cardiopulmonary-involvement-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2a
#11
LETTER
Claudia Stöllberger, Josef Finsterer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786115/hydrodissection-for-treatment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#12
EDITORIAL
Jeremy D P Bland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786111/ventilator-induced-diaphragmatic-dysfunction-in-mdx-mice
#13
Feng Liang, Tong Li, Ilan Azuelos, Christian Giordano, Han Liang, Sabah N Hussain, Stefan Matecki, Basil J Petrof
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) frequently undergo mechanical ventilation (MV) for treatment of hypoventilation, but the susceptibility of the dystrophic diaphragm to ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction (VIDD) has not been examined. METHODS: Dystrophic mice (mdx - genetic homologue of DMD) were assigned to non-ventilated control (CTL) and MV (for 6 hours) groups. Biochemical markers of oxidative/cellular stress, metabolism, and proteolysis were compared along with ex vivo diaphragmatic force production...
August 8, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771754/reversion-to-embryonic-transcriptional-splicing-patterns-may-underlie-diabetic-myopathy
#14
EDITORIAL
David L Mack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759703/extracorporeal-shock-wave-treatment-can-selectively-destroy-endplates-in-neuromuscular-junctions
#15
Tomonori Kenmoku, Noriko Nemoto, Nahoko Iwakura, Nobuyasu Ochiai, Kentaro Uchida, Takashi Saisu, Seiji Ohtori, Koichi Nakagawa, Takahisa Sasho, Masashi Takaso
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the effect of radial extracorporeal shock wave (rESW) exposure on neuromuscular transmission and neuromuscular junction (NMJ) morphology. METHODS: We applied 2,000 rESWs at 0.18 mJ/mm(2) and a frequency of 15 Hz to the right calf of male rats, measured the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) and examined NMJ morphology using electron microscopy. Left calf muscles were used as controls. RESULTS: rESW exposure significantly reduced CMAP amplitude without delayed latency in exposed muscles compared to controls...
July 31, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749531/brachial-plexus-ultrasound-in-a-patient-with-myelodysplastic-syndrome-and-myelosarcoma
#16
Ž Snoj, G Riegler, T Moritz, G Bodner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746726/cauda-equina-repair-in-the-rat-part-3-axonal-regeneration-across-schwann-cell-seeded-collagen-foam
#17
Samuel J Mackenzie, Juneyoung L Yi, Amit Singla, Thomas M Russell, Donna J Osterhout, Blair Calancie
INTRODUCTION: Treatments for patients with cauda equina injury are limited. METHODS: In this study, we first used retrograde labeling to determine the relative contributions of cauda equina motor neurons to intrinsic and extrinsic rat tail muscles. Next, we transected cauda equina ventral roots and proceeded to bridge the proximal and distal stumps with either a type I collagen scaffold coated in laminin (CL) or a collagen-laminin scaffold that was also seeded with Schwann cells (CLSC)...
July 26, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745831/osteopontin-is-linked-with-akt-foxo1-and-myostatin-in-skeletal-muscle-cells
#18
Peter P Nghiem, Joe N Kornegay, Kitipong Uaesoontrachoon, Luca Bello, Ying Yin, Akanchha Kesari, Priya Mittal, Scott J Schatzberg, Gina M Many, Norman H Lee, Eric P Hoffman
INTRODUCTION: Osteopontin (OPN) polymorphisms are associated with muscle size and modify disease progression in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). We hypothesized that OPN may share a molecular network with myostatin (MSTN). METHODS: Studies were conducted in the golden retriever (GRMD) and mdx mouse models of DMD. Follow-up in-vitro studies were employed in myogenic cells and the mdx mouse treated with recombinant mouse (rm) or human (Hu) OPN protein. RESULTS: OPN was increased and MSTN was decreased and levels correlated inversely in GRMD hypertrophied muscle...
July 26, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722822/-test-retest-reliability-of-wide-pulse-high-frequency-nmes-evoked-force
#19
Daria Neyroud, Sidney Grosprêtre, Julien Gondin, Bengt Kayser, Nicolas Place
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to compare forces evoked by wide-pulse high-frequency (WPHF) neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) delivered to a nerve trunk vs. muscle belly and to assess their test-retest intra- and inter-individual reliability. METHODS: Forces evoked during two sessions with WPHF NMES delivered over the tibial nerve trunk and two over the triceps surae muscle belly were compared. Ten individuals participated in four sessions involving ten 20-s WPHF NMES contractions interspaced by 40 s recovery...
July 19, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722779/serial-diaphragm-ultrasound-studies-in-neuralgic-amyotrophy-with-bilateral-phrenic-neuropathies
#20
Rocio Garcia-Santibanez, Craig M Zaidman, Tonya Russell, Robert C Bucelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
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