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Behavior Modification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201925/interdependent-group-contingencies-decrease-adolescents-disruptive-behaviors-during-group-therapy
#1
Kristen M Brogan, John Michael Falligant, John T Rapp
Adolescents who have been adjudicated for illegal sexual behavior may receive treatment that requires attending group therapy sessions and classes. For some adolescents, nonsexual problem behavior (e.g., verbal outbursts, noncompliance) interferes with their ability to participate in group treatment. Researchers used a multiple-baseline across groups design with an embedded changing criterion design to evaluate the effects of an interdependent group contingency for decreasing disruptive behavior in adolescents across two therapy groups...
February 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193092/a-review-of-the-pyramidal-training-approach-for-practitioners-working-with-individuals-with-disabilities
#2
Natalie Andzik, Helen Irene Cannella-Malone
Pyramidal training has been used for many years to expedite training for those who work with individuals with disabilities and utilizes an expert who provides training to a practitioner who then trains another practitioner to implement practices with clients. Fourteen articles were analyzed to investigate the viability of this training approach for practitioners of all types who support individuals with disabilities. Research does support the effectiveness of pyramidal training within the parameters with which it has been evaluated in this review...
February 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129704/a-practitioner-model-for-increasing-eye-contact-in-children-with-autism
#3
Jennifer L Cook, John T Rapp, Kathryn R Mann, Catherine McHugh, Carla Burji, Raluca Nuta
Although many teaching techniques for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) require the instructor to gain the child's eye contact prior to delivering an instructional demand, the literature contains notably few procedures that reliably produce this outcome. To address this problem, we evaluated the effects of a sequential model for increasing eye contact in children with ASD. The model included the following phases: contingent praise only (for eye contact), contingent edibles plus praise, stimulus prompts plus contingent edibles and praise, contingent video and praise, schedule thinning, and maintenance evaluations for up to 2 years...
January 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073293/restricted-interests-and-autism
#4
Monica A Spear, Amanda Karsten, Emily A White
Researchers have yet to identify the conditions under which people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate restricted interests; it is possible that the impression of restricted interests is strengthened when a limited variety of items are included in a client's preference assessments. This study will extend past research on preferences of children with autism by (a) examining participants' preferences for unreplenished (familiar) play or leisure items versus items that are replenished frequently, (b) assessing if participants who prefer replenished items select items with properties that are matched or unmatched to their most preferred unreplenished item, and (c) assessing if participants who show an exclusive preference for unreplenished items will select replenished items during response-restriction and enhanced-replenished pool manipulations...
January 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033718/maintained-physical-activity-induced-changes-in-delay-discounting
#5
Michael J Sofis, Ale Carrillo, David P Jarmolowicz
Those who discount the subjective value of delayed rewards less steeply are more likely to engage in physical activity. There is limited research, however, showing whether physical activity can change rates of delay discounting. In a two-experiment series, treatment and maintenance effects of a novel, effort-paced physical activity intervention on delay discounting were evaluated with multiple baseline designs. Using a lap-based method, participants were instructed to exercise at individualized high and low effort levels and to track their own perceived effort...
December 1, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027666/distress-tolerance-treatment-for-weight-concern-in-smoking-cessation-among-women
#6
Erika Litvin Bloom, Rena R Wing, Christopher W Kahler, J Kevin Thompson, Sari Meltzer, Jacki Hecht, Haruka Minami, Lawrence H Price, Richard A Brown
Fear of gaining weight after quitting cigarette smoking is a major barrier to smoking cessation among women. Distress tolerance, which refers to one's ability and willingness to tolerate physical and emotional discomfort, predicts successful behavior change. Novel interventions rooted in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) have emerged that aim to increase distress tolerance and engagement in values-oriented behavior. In this study, we developed a 9-week, group-based distress tolerance intervention for weight concern in smoking cessation among women (DT-W)...
December 1, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198196/isolating-the-unique-effects-of-the-unified-protocol-treatment-modules-using-single-case-experimental-design
#7
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Clair Cassiello-Robbins, Laren R Conklin, Jacqueline R Bullis, Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Katherine A Kennedy
The Unified Protocol (UP) for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders is a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to treat the range of anxiety, depressive, and related disorders. Thus far, the UP treatment modules have only been studied when they are delivered in their entirety and presented in a standard sequence. To personalize the presentation of the UP modules for a given patient's presentation (e.g., providing the modules in a varied order, dropping irrelevant modules), it is first necessary to establish that each module leads to change in the skill it is designed to promote, and that these changes can occur in the absence of the other modules...
March 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837154/curbing-our-enthusiasm-an-analysis-of-the-check-in-check-out-literature-using-the-council-for-exceptional-children-s-evidence-based-practice-standards
#8
Barbara S Mitchell, Reesha Adamson, John W McKenna
Check-in/Check-out (CICO) is an intervention designed to improve behavioral outcomes for students identified as at-risk for school failure. Core principles of the intervention include clearly defined behavioral expectations and rules, precorrections for meeting behavioral expectations, high rates of feedback and reinforcement for demonstration of desired behavior, use of data to monitor outcomes, and a system for school-to- home communication. The purpose of this investigation was to use the 2014 Council for Exceptional Children's quality indicators and standards for establishing evidence-based practices in special education to review the existing research for CICO...
November 10, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831527/an-improved-rank-correlation-effect-size-statistic-for-single-case-designs-baseline-corrected-tau
#9
Kevin R Tarlow
Measuring treatment effects when an individual's pretreatment performance is improving poses a challenge for single-case experimental designs. It may be difficult to determine whether improvement is due to the treatment or due to the preexisting baseline trend. Tau-U is a popular single-case effect size statistic that purports to control for baseline trend. However, despite its strengths, Tau-U has substantial limitations: Its values are inflated and not bound between -1 and +1, it cannot be visually graphed, and its relatively weak method of trend control leads to unacceptable levels of Type I error wherein ineffective treatments appear effective...
November 8, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760808/analysis-of-behavioral-indicators-as-a-measure-of-satiation
#10
Rachel Scalzo, Tonya N Davis
Providing noncontingent access to a stimulus until an individual displays behavioral indicators of satiation has been used to determine when an abolishing operation is in effect, but there has been variation in its application in the literature. Four males diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder with tangibly maintained challenging behavior participated in this study. Individualized behavioral indicators were identified and verified to determine when each participant was finished playing with his/her preferred item...
October 18, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760807/intercoder-reliability-and-validity-of-webplotdigitizer-in-extracting-graphed-data
#11
Daniel Drevon, Sophie R Fursa, Allura L Malcolm
Quantitative synthesis of data from single-case designs (SCDs) is becoming increasingly common in psychology and education journals. Because researchers do not ordinarily report numerical data in addition to graphical displays, reliance on plot digitizing tools is often a necessary component of this research. Intercoder reliability of data extraction is a commonly overlooked, but potentially important, step of this process. The purpose of this study was to examine the intercoder reliability and validity of WebPlotDigitizer (Rohatgi, 2015), a web-based plot digitizing tool for extracting data from a variety of plots, including XY coordinates of interrupted time-series data...
October 18, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680584/further-evaluation-of-the-use-of-multiple-schedules-for-behavior-maintained-by-negative-reinforcement
#12
Claudia Campos, Yanerys Leon, Andressa Sleiman, Beatriz Urcuyo
One potential limitation of functional communication training (FCT) is that after the functional communication response (FCR) is taught, the response may be emitted at high rates or inappropriate times. Thus, schedule thinning is often necessary. Previous research has demonstrated that multiple schedules can facilitate schedule thinning by establishing discriminative control of the communication response while maintaining low rates of problem behavior. To date, most applied research evaluating the clinical utility of multiple schedules has done so in the context of behavior maintained by positive reinforcement (e...
September 27, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651097/intensity-and-learning-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Erik Linstead, Dennis R Dixon, Ryan French, Doreen Granpeesheh, Hilary Adams, Rene German, Alva Powell, Elizabeth Stevens, Jonathan Tarbox, Julie Kornack
Ample research has shown that intensive applied behavior analysis (ABA) treatment produces robust outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, little is known about the relationship between treatment intensity and treatment outcomes. The current study was designed to evaluate this relationship. Participants included 726 children, ages 1.5 to 12 years old, receiving community-based behavioral intervention services. Results indicated a strong relationship between treatment intensity and mastery of learning objectives, where higher treatment intensity predicted greater progress...
September 20, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591430/unified-protocol-transdiagnostic-treatment-in-group-format-a-preliminary-investigation-with-anxious-individuals
#14
Judith M Laposa, Enza Mancuso, Gaby Abraham, Laura Loli-Dano
Barlow et al. published the unified protocol (UP) for transdiagnostic treatment of emotional disorders, focusing on common pathological factors across a variety of diagnoses. The limited UP research to date suggests that this treatment may be particularly useful for anxiety disorders. However, it has largely been evaluated only in individual treatment format. The current study examined the effectiveness of the UP treatment in a group format, with individuals with comorbid anxiety disorder symptoms. Twenty-six individuals with clinically significant anxiety symptoms in at least two of the following areas, social anxiety, worry, or panic, participated in a 14-week manualized group treatment using the UP...
September 2, 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118052/influence-of-weight-on-shared-core-symptoms-in-eating-disorders-support-or-challenge-for-a-transdiagnostic-perspective
#15
Catalina Schmitz, Katja Schnicker, Tanja Legenbauer
In terms of the transdiagnostic model of eating disorders, Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) share the same distinctive psychopathology. However, empirical evidence showing similarities between these eating disorder diagnoses for core symptoms is scarce, and the role of weight status is unclear. Data from a total of 168 female participants were collected between April 2004 and April 2008, at an outpatient unit specialized in eating disorder treatment. Core symptoms of eating disorders were measured via self-report questionnaires...
September 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872958/the-effects-of-a-brief-acceptance-based-behavioral-treatment-versus-traditional-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-public-speaking-anxiety-an-exploratory-trial-examining-differential-effects-on-performance-and-neurophysiology
#16
Lisa H Glassman, Evan M Forman, James D Herbert, Lauren E Bradley, Elizabeth E Foster, Meltem Izzetoglu, Anthony C Ruocco
Individuals with public speaking anxiety (PSA) experience fear and avoidance that can cause extreme distress, impaired speaking performance, and associated problems in psychosocial functioning. Most extant interventions for PSA emphasize anxiety reduction rather than enhancing behavioral performance. We compared the efficacy of two brief cognitive-behavioral interventions, a traditional cognitive-behavior treatment (tCBT) and an acceptance-based behavior treatment (ABBT), on public speaking performance and anxiety in a clinical sample of persons with PSA...
September 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798081/does-suicidal-ideation-influence-memory-a-study-of-the-role-of-violent-daydreaming-in-the-relationship-between-suicidal-ideation-and-everyday-memory
#17
Carol Chu, Matthew C Podlogar, Megan L Rogers, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Jacob H Negley, Thomas E Joiner
Individuals at risk for suicide experience periods of emotional, enduring, and vivid thoughts about their death by suicide and frequently report violent daydreams about death. Daydreaming is associated with forgetfulness and memory impairments. However, no studies have examined whether suicidal ideation is associated with deficits in everyday memory capabilities and whether violent daydreaming may influence these relationships. This study tested these hypotheses in a sample of 512 young adults. Self-report measures of subjective everyday memory capabilities, violent daydreaming, and suicidal ideation were administered...
September 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26762626/an-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-a-mild-delayed-verbal-punisher-on-choice-of-an-immediate-reinforcer-by-children-with-autism
#18
Jolene R Sy, Leonard Green, Olivia Gratz, Thea Ervin
Different combinations of immediate and delayed consequences differentially affect choice. Basic research has found that nonhuman animals are more likely to choose an alternative that produces an immediate reinforcer that is followed by a delayed punisher as the delay to punishment increases. The purpose of the current effort was to examine the choices of three individuals with autism when they were given the choice between receiving a larger amount of preferred food followed by a mild, delayed verbal punisher and a smaller amount of the preferred food...
September 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26702960/a-systematic-review-of-function-based-replacement-behavior-interventions-for-students-with-and-at-risk-for-emotional-and-behavioral-disorders
#19
John William McKenna, Andrea Flower, Reesha Adamson
Students with emotional and behavioral disorders and students considered at risk often have social deficits. Although social skills interventions are often provided to this student population, there are some concerns regarding how these interventions are conceived and provided. One possible way to improve the effectiveness of social skills interventions is to use functional behavior assessment data to tailor the interventions to a student's individual needs and the contexts in which social skills deficits and problem behaviors occur...
September 2016: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26467215/distress-tolerance-among-students-referred-for-treatment-following-violation-of-campus-cannabis-use-policy-relations-to-use-problems-and-motivation
#20
Julia D Buckner, Emily R Jeffries, Meredith A Terlecki, Anthony H Ecker
Students referred to treatment after violating campus drug policies represent a high-risk group. Identification of factors related to these students' cannabis use could inform prevention and treatment efforts. Distress tolerance (DT) is negatively related to substance-related behaviors and may be related to high-risk cannabis use vulnerability factors that can impact treatment outcome. Thus, the current study tested whether DT was related to cannabis use frequency, cannabis-related problems, and motivation to change cannabis use among 88 students referred for treatment after violating campus cannabis policies...
September 2016: Behavior Modification
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