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Behavior Modification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691542/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-york-measure-of-quality-of-intensive-behavioral-intervention
#1
Ulrika Långh, Elodie Cauvet, Martin Hammar, Sven Bölte
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is widely applied in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Little research has addressed the significance of adherence to EIBI practices for treatment outcomes. The York Measure of Quality of Intensive Behavioral Intervention (YMQI) was designed to assess EIBI quality delivery in Ontario, Canada. The objective of this study was to examine the cross-cultural validity of the YMQI in a clinical Swedish community sample of 30 boys and four girls with autism aged 2...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689469/a-mindfulness-program-manual-for-people-with-dementia
#2
Joanne Chan, Anna Churcher Clarke, Lindsay Royan, Joshua Stott, Aimee Spector
This article describes a 10-session group-based Mindfulness Program for people with mild to moderate dementia. It aims to equip people with dementia with skills to manage psychological distress, with support from carers. The Mindfulness Program was developed through reviews of existing literature, consultation with experts, and a focus group with people with dementia. In a randomized controlled feasibility and pilot trial with people with mild to moderate dementia in care homes, it was found to significantly increase quality of life...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689449/evaluating-an-adjunctive-mobile-app-to-enhance-psychological-flexibility-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#3
Michael E Levin, Jack Haeger, Benjamin Pierce, Rick A Cruz
The primary aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility and potential efficacy of a novel adjunctive mobile app designed to enhance the acquisition, strengthening, and generalization of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) skills being taught in therapy. A sample of 14 depressed/anxious clients receiving ACT used the ACT Daily app for 2 weeks in a pre-post, open trial design. Participants reported a high degree of program satisfaction. Clients significantly improved over the 2-week period on depression and anxiety symptoms as well as a range of psychological inflexibility measures...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685603/the-role-of-emotion-reactivity-in-health-anxiety
#4
Emily M O'Bryan, Alison C McLeish, Adrienne L Johnson
Emotion reactivity, defined as heightened sensitivity, intensity, and persistence of emotional states, has been shown to contribute to the exacerbation of anxiety. However, the association between emotion reactivity and health anxiety has yet to be examined. The aim of the present investigation was to examine the unique predictive ability of emotion reactivity in terms of health anxiety in a sample of medically healthy undergraduates ( n = 194; 59.3% female, Mage = 19.42, SD = 1.51, range = 18-26 years; 84...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675941/implementing-a-manualized-classroom-transition-intervention-for-students-with-asd-in-underresourced-schools
#5
Suzannah Iadarola, Wendy Shih, Michelle Dean, Erica Blanch, Robin Harwood, Susan Hetherington, David Mandell, Connie Kasari, Tristram Smith
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in public education settings experience difficulties with transitions during classroom routines, which can result in challenging behavior. Single-subject research supports techniques for transitions, but school-based approaches often require resources and training unavailable in low-resource districts, limiting implementation. We developed and evaluated the Schedules, Tools, and Activities for Transitions (STAT) program, a short-term, manualized intervention of behavioral supports to support daily routine transitions for students with ASD (K-5) in underresourced districts...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670907/recovery-of-percent-vital-capacity-by-breathing-training-in-patients-with-panic-disorder-and-impaired-diaphragmatic-breathing
#6
Tatsuji Yamada, Akiomi Inoue, Kosuke Mafune, Hisanori Hiro, Shoji Nagata
Slow diaphragmatic breathing is one of the therapeutic methods used in behavioral therapy for panic disorder. In practice, we have noticed that some of these patients could not perform diaphragmatic breathing and their percent vital capacity was initially reduced but could be recovered through breathing training. We conducted a comparative study with healthy controls to investigate the relationship between diaphragmatic breathing ability and percent vital capacity in patients with panic disorder. Our findings suggest that percent vital capacity in patients with impaired diaphragmatic breathing was significantly reduced compared with those with normal diaphragmatic breathing and that diaphragmatic breathing could be restored by breathing training...
June 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639853/persistent-rule-following-in-the-face-of-reversed-reinforcement-contingencies-the-differential-impact-of-direct-versus-derived-rules
#7
Colin Harte, Yvonne Barnes-Holmes, Dermot Barnes-Holmes, Ciara McEnteggart
Rule-governed behavior and its role in generating insensitivity to direct contingencies of reinforcement have been implicated in human psychological suffering. In addition, the human capacity to engage in derived relational responding has also been used to explain specific human maladaptive behaviors, such as irrational fears. To date, however, very little research has attempted to integrate research on contingency insensitivity and derived relations. The current work sought to fill this gap. Across two experiments, participants received either a direct rule (Direct Rule Condition) or a rule that involved a novel derived relational response (Derived Rule Condition)...
June 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639829/increasing-quiet-compliance-by-detained-male-adolescents
#8
Kristen M Brogan, John T Rapp, Amanda M Niedfeld, Jodi C Coon, Jan L Everhart Newman, Barry R Burkhart
Some adjudicated adolescents receive treatment for their offenses in residential facilities. Detained adolescents' engagement in either low levels of compliant behavior or excess behavior (e.g., swearing, gestures) while following commands from residential personnel may result in decreased opportunities for those youth to access preferred activities. The current study employed nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants designs to evaluate the effects of a procedure to increase seven detained adolescents' quiet compliance with academic and vocational demands...
June 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578590/the-impact-of-prior-activity-history-on-the-influence-of-restricted-repetitive-behaviors-on-socialization-for-children-with-high-functioning-autism
#9
Robert L Koegel, Kelsey Oliver, Lynn K Koegel
Research has demonstrated that incorporating restricted interests of an individual with autism into recess activities is effective at increasing socialization with typically developing peers. However, certain activity contexts may alter the reinforcing influence of the restricted repetitive behaviors (RRBs) depending on an individual's history in that activity. Using an alternating treatment design, this study examined whether an individual's history with an activity affected socialization. RRBs were embedded into activities with a reported positive history (i...
June 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466648/increasing-functional-leisure-engagement-for-children-with-autism-using-backward-chaining
#10
Chelsea K Edwards, Robin K Landa, Sarah E Frampton, M Alice Shillingsburg
Research with individuals with disabilities has demonstrated the utility of intervention approaches to address toy play, also referred to as functional leisure engagement (FLE). Examples include prompting FLE, blocking stereotypy, and differentially reinforcing appropriate FLE with social or automatic (i.e., access to stereotypy) reinforcers. Backward chaining has yet to be evaluated, but may be useful for establishing more complex FLE. The current study employed a treatment package consisting of these components with three school-aged children with autism in a therapeutic classroom...
May 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629272/treating-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-within-an-emotional-disorders-framework-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-the-unified-protocol-in-an-inpatient-setting
#11
Kate H Bentley, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Clair F Cassiello-Robbins, Laren R Conklin, Stephanie Vento, Danyele Homer
We provide a theoretical rationale for applying a transdiagnostic, shared mechanism treatment (the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders [UP]) to suicidal thoughts and behaviors. We also present results from a proof of concept study examining the feasibility and acceptability of adding a modified UP to treatment as usual (TAU) in an inpatient setting for individuals reporting a recent suicide attempt or active suicidal ideation. Participants ( N = 12) were randomly assigned to receive UP + TAU or TAU alone...
July 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033718/maintained-physical-activity-induced-changes-in-delay-discounting
#12
Michael J Sofis, Ale Carrillo, David P Jarmolowicz
Those who discount the subjective value of delayed rewards less steeply are more likely to engage in physical activity. There is limited research, however, showing whether physical activity can change rates of delay discounting. In a two-experiment series, treatment and maintenance effects of a novel, effort-paced physical activity intervention on delay discounting were evaluated with multiple baseline designs. Using a lap-based method, participants were instructed to exercise at individualized high and low effort levels and to track their own perceived effort...
July 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027666/distress-tolerance-treatment-for-weight-concern-in-smoking-cessation-among-women-the-we-quit-pilot-study
#13
Erika Litvin Bloom, Rena R Wing, Christopher W Kahler, J Kevin Thompson, Sari Meltzer, Jacki Hecht, Haruka Minami, Lawrence H Price, Richard A Brown
Fear of gaining weight after quitting cigarette smoking is a major barrier to smoking cessation among women. Distress tolerance, which refers to one's ability and willingness to tolerate physical and emotional discomfort, predicts successful behavior change. Novel interventions rooted in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) have emerged that aim to increase distress tolerance and engagement in values-oriented behavior. In this study, we developed a 9-week, group-based distress tolerance intervention for weight concern in smoking cessation among women (DT-W)...
July 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831527/an-improved-rank-correlation-effect-size-statistic-for-single-case-designs-baseline-corrected-tau
#14
Kevin R Tarlow
Measuring treatment effects when an individual's pretreatment performance is improving poses a challenge for single-case experimental designs. It may be difficult to determine whether improvement is due to the treatment or due to the preexisting baseline trend. Tau- U is a popular single-case effect size statistic that purports to control for baseline trend. However, despite its strengths, Tau- U has substantial limitations: Its values are inflated and not bound between -1 and +1, it cannot be visually graphed, and its relatively weak method of trend control leads to unacceptable levels of Type I error wherein ineffective treatments appear effective...
July 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417682/does-social-support-buffer-the-association-between-stress-eating-and-weight-gain-during-the-transition-to-college-differences-by-gender
#15
Katherine E Darling, Amy J Fahrenkamp, Shana M Wilson, Bryan T Karazsia, Amy F Sato
This study sought to examine whether social support moderates the relationship between stress eating and body mass index (BMI) change over the freshman year in males and females. This longitudinal study included 70 college students (72.9% female; M age = 18.23) who completed self-reported measures of stress eating and perceived social support, with objective height and weight measurements collected. Among males, social support moderated the relationship between stress eating and BMI change. Among males, social support may serve as a buffer against the impact of stress eating on weight gain during the freshman year of college...
May 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201925/interdependent-group-contingencies-decrease-adolescents-disruptive-behaviors-during-group-therapy-a-practitioner-s-demonstration
#16
Kristen M Brogan, John Michael Falligant, John T Rapp
Adolescents who have been adjudicated for illegal sexual behavior may receive treatment that requires attending group therapy sessions and classes. For some adolescents, nonsexual problem behavior (e.g., verbal outbursts, noncompliance) interferes with their ability to participate in group treatment. Researchers used a multiple-baseline across groups design with an embedded changing criterion design to evaluate the effects of an interdependent group contingency for decreasing disruptive behavior in adolescents across two therapy groups...
May 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129704/a-practitioner-model-for-increasing-eye-contact-in-children-with-autism
#17
Jennifer L Cook, John T Rapp, Kathryn R Mann, Catherine McHugh, Carla Burji, Raluca Nuta
Although many teaching techniques for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) require the instructor to gain the child's eye contact prior to delivering an instructional demand, the literature contains notably few procedures that reliably produce this outcome. To address this problem, we evaluated the effects of a sequential model for increasing eye contact in children with ASD. The model included the following phases: contingent praise only (for eye contact), contingent edibles plus praise, stimulus prompts plus contingent edibles and praise, contingent video and praise, schedule thinning, and maintenance evaluations for up to 2 years...
May 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837154/curbing-our-enthusiasm-an-analysis-of-the-check-in-check-out-literature-using-the-council-for-exceptional-children-s-evidence-based-practice-standards
#18
REVIEW
Barbara S Mitchell, Reesha Adamson, John W McKenna
Check-in/Check-out (CICO) is an intervention designed to improve behavioral outcomes for students identified as at-risk for school failure. Core principles of the intervention include clearly defined behavioral expectations and rules, precorrections for meeting behavioral expectations, high rates of feedback and reinforcement for demonstration of desired behavior, use of data to monitor outcomes, and a system for school-to- home communication. The purpose of this investigation was to use the 2014 Council for Exceptional Children's quality indicators and standards for establishing evidence-based practices in special education to review the existing research for CICO...
May 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452230/comparing-book-and-tablet-based-picture-activity-schedules-acquisition-and-preference
#19
Aimee Giles, Victoria Markham
Picture activity schedules consist of a sequence of images representing the order of tasks for a person to complete. Although, picture activity schedules have traditionally been presented in a book format, recently picture activity schedules have been evaluated on technological devices such as an iPod™ touch. The present study compared the efficiency of picture activity schedule acquisition on book- and tablet-based modalities. In addition, participant preference for each modality was assessed. Three boys aged below 5 years with a diagnosis of autism participated...
April 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436269/an-evaluation-of-single-case-reading-intervention-study-quality-for-students-with-and-at-risk-for-emotional-and-behavioral-disorders
#20
John William McKenna, Min Kyung Kim, Mikyung Shin, Kathleen Pfannenstiel
Researchers have noted the lack of research to guide reading practice for students with and at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD). Although comprehensive syntheses have identified promising practices and areas for future research, none have evaluated the rigor of studies according to quality indicators. The current study evaluated the extant single-case reading intervention research for this student population according to the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) standards. Thirty studies met article selection criteria, 20 (66...
April 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
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