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Behavior Modification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785857/a-simulation-study-on-two-analytical-techniques-for-alternating-treatments-designs
#1
Rumen Manolov
Alternating treatments designs (ATDs) are single-case experimental designs entailing the rapid alternation of conditions, and the specific sequence of conditions is usually determined at random. The visual analysis of ATD data entails comparing the data paths formed by connecting the measurements from the same condition. Apart from visual analyses, there are at least two quantitative analytical options also comparing data paths. On option is a visual structured criterion (VSC) regarding the number of comparisons for which one conditions has to be superior to the other to consider that the difference is not only due to random fluctuations...
May 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742904/transdiagnostic-treatment-personalization-the-feasibility-of-ordering-unified-protocol-modules-according-to-patient-strengths-and-weaknesses
#2
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Clair Cassiello-Robbins, Amantia A Ametaj, Julianne G Wilner, Danyelle Pagan
Most patients in community practice attend significantly fewer sessions than are recommended by treatment protocols that have demonstrated efficacy in addressing emotional disorders. Personalized interventions that target the core processes thought to maintain a wide range of disorders may serve to increase treatment efficiency, addressing this gap. This study sought to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the personalized delivery of a mechanistically transdiagnostic intervention, the Unified Protocol (UP) for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders...
May 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726269/follow-up-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-1-year-after-early-behavioral-intervention
#3
Mélina Rivard, Marjorie Morin, Catherine Mello, Amélie Terroux, Céline Mercier
The effectiveness of early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has been demonstrated by many studies and meta-analyses. Although it is considered an exemplary practice in several countries, few studies have investigated the maintenance of gains made in EIBI over time. Thirty-two children were assessed at posttreatment and 1-year follow-up after they attended a low-to-moderate-intensity (10 to 20 hr per week) EIBI program delivered by a public rehabilitation center...
May 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690770/repeated-interoceptive-exposure-in-individuals-with-high-and-low-anxiety-sensitivity
#4
Katharina Holtz, Alfons O Hamm, Christiane A Pané-Farré
Interoceptive exposure is one component in cognitive behavioral therapy of panic disorder. The present investigation addressed changes in defensive mobilization during repeated interoceptive exposure using a standardized hyperventilation procedure. 26 high and 22 low anxiety sensitive persons (ASI, Peterson & Reiss, 1992) went through two guided hyperventilation and normoventilation procedures, spaced one week apart. Breathing parameters, startle response magnitudes and symptom reports were measured. All participants successfully adhered to the guided breathing procedures...
April 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631412/comparing-visual-and-statistical-analysis-of-multiple-baseline-design-graphs
#5
Katie Wolfe, Tammiee S Dickenson, Bridget Miller, Kathleen V McGrath
A growing number of statistical analyses are being developed for single-case research. One important factor in evaluating these methods is the extent to which each corresponds to visual analysis. Few studies have compared statistical and visual analysis, and information about more recently developed statistics is scarce. Therefore, our purpose was to evaluate the agreement between visual analysis and four statistical analyses: improvement rate difference (IRD); Tau-U; Hedges, Pustejovsky, Shadish (HPS) effect size; and between-case standardized mean difference (BC-SMD)...
April 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618231/corrigendum
#6
(no author information available yet)
Keuthen, N.J., Tung, E.S., Woods, D.W., Franklin, M.E., Altenburger, E.M., Pauls, D.L., & Flessner, C.A. (2015). Replication study of the Milwaukee inventory for subtypes of trichotillomania-adult version in a clinically-characterized sample. Behavior Modification. 39(4):580-599. DOI: 10.1177/0145445515580533 The authors regret that there is an error in the first paragraph of page 595. It should read as follows and the changes are shown in bold. "Thus, strategies likely to enhance awareness (e.g., stimulus control and habit reversal) would now be primarily appropriate for those with low scores on the Intention scale...
April 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553287/decreasing-inappropriate-use-of-mobile-devices-in-urban-high-school-classrooms-comparing-an-antecedent-intervention-with-and-without-the-good-behavior-game
#7
Colleen J Hernan, Tai A Collins, Julie Q Morrison, Stephen D Kroeger
As the capabilities of portable technology continue to advance and become more accessible, educators express concern about the impact of the inappropriate use of mobile devices on academic engagement and learning. An alternating treatments design was used to compare the effectiveness of an antecedent (Clear Box) intervention and an interdependent group contingency (Clear Box + Good Behavior Game [GBG]) intervention to typical classroom management techniques (Control) in increasing the academic engagement and decreasing mobile device use of high school students during instruction...
March 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528696/the-responsible-inclusion-of-students-receiving-special-education-services-for-emotional-disturbance-unraveling-the-practice-to-research-gap
#8
John William McKenna, Michael Solis, Frederick Brigham, Reesha Adamson
The majority of students receiving special education services for emotional disturbance (ED) receive a significant amount of instruction in general education classrooms, which emphasizes curriculums based on college and career readiness standards. In turn, those teachers who provide instruction to students with ED in inclusive settings are responsible for using evidence-based practices (EBPs) for those teaching situations in which they exist to meet free appropriate public education (FAPE) mandates. However, the identification of EBPs is a necessary pre-condition to eventual school adoption and teacher use of such practices...
March 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528695/evaluating-tau-u-with-oral-reading-fluency-data-and-the-impact-of-measurement-error
#9
David A Klingbeil, Ethan R Van Norman, Katherine E McLendon, Sarah G Ross, John C Begeny
Recently, researchers have argued that using quantitative effect sizes in single-case design (SCD) research may facilitate the identification evidence-based practices. Indices to quantify nonoverlap are among the most common methods for quantifying treatment effects in SCD research. Tau-U represents a family of effect size indices that were developed to address criticisms of previously developed measures of nonoverlap. However, more research is necessary to determine the extent to which Tau-U successfully addresses proposed limitations of other nonoverlap methods...
March 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621899/introduction-to-the-special-issue-interventions-to-reduce-challenging-behavior-among-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Tonya N Davis, Mandy Rispoli
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Challenging behavior may cause harm to the individual with ASD as well as limit opportunities for educational, vocational, and social participation and development. In addition, caregivers experience high stress and low quality of mental health...
May 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353486/assessing-mand-topography-preference-when-developing-a-functional-communication-training-intervention
#11
S Shanun Kunnavatana, Katie Wolfe, Alexandra N Aguilar
Functional communication training (FCT) is a common function-based behavioral intervention used to decrease problem behavior by teaching an alternative communication response. Therapists often arbitrarily select the topography of the alternative response, which may influence long-term effectiveness of the intervention. Assessing individual mand topography preference may increase treatment effectiveness and promote self-determination in the development of interventions. This study sought to reduce arbitrary selection of FCT mand topography by determining preference during response training and acquisition for two adults with autism who had no functional communication skills...
May 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845694/self-regulation-of-weight-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#12
Teresa Madeira, Isabel do Carmo, Henrique Bicha Castelo, Osvaldo Santos
Bariatric surgery is recognized as the most effective method for achieving relevant weight loss in subjects with severe obesity. However, there is insufficient knowledge about weight self-regulation and quality of motivation in these patients. The main goal of this study was to characterize the association between the percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) and the motivation to manage weight, at least 1 year after sleeve gastrectomy (SG). This is an observational longitudinal retrospective study. All patients corresponding to predefined inclusion criteria who underwent SG from January 2008 to July 2010 at a main general hospital were invited...
March 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845680/effectiveness-of-the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-among-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-pilot-study
#13
Ruth L Varkovitzky, Andrew M Sherrill, Greg M Reger
Effective treatment options are needed for veterans who do not participate in trauma-focused psychotherapy. Research has yet to examine the effectiveness of transdiagnostic psychotherapy in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring psychological disorders. This pilot study examined the effectiveness of the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) delivered in a 16-week group format. We examined treatment outcomes in male and female veterans ( n = 52) in an outpatient specialty PTSD clinic at a large Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center...
March 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831838/synthesis-of-applied-behavior-analytic-interventions-for-packing-in-pediatric-feeding-disorders
#14
Bryant C Silbaugh, Samantha Swinnea, Becky Penrod
Packing, which consists of holding food in the mouth for an extended time during meals, is a form of disordered feeding associated with pediatric feeding disorders. The behavior can disrupt the pace and completion of a meal and lead to increased risk of choking, inadequate food and liquid intake, and elevated caregiver stress associated with mealtimes. Applied behavior analysis research has developed and evaluated behavioral interventions to improve feeding by reducing packing. This systematic review extends prior research by synthesizing characteristics of the packing intervention literature, evaluating the certainty of the evidence provided by studies, identifying potential directions for future research, and discussing the results in the context of evidence-based practice...
March 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817953/the-evidence-base-for-interventions-targeting-individuals-with-work-related-ptsd-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#15
Iris Torchalla, Verena Strehlau
The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles...
March 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799413/an-initial-open-trial-of-a-brief-behavioral-activation-treatment-for-depression-and-medication-adherence-in-hiv-infected-patients
#16
Matthew T Tull, Christopher R Berghoff, Joseph R Bardeen, Michelle Schoenleber, Deborah J Konkle-Parker
Advances in HIV treatment through highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have led to a steady decline in HIV-related mortality rates. However, HAART requires adherence to strict and often complicated medication regimens, and nonadherence to HAART can significantly decrease its effectiveness. Depression has consistently shown a robust association with medication nonadherence; consequently, numerous psychological interventions have been developed to target depression and increase medication adherence among HIV-infected individuals...
March 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745062/social-cost-bias-probability-bias-and-self-efficacy-as-correlates-of-behavioral-action-in-social-anxiety
#17
Carol S Lee, Sarah A Hayes-Skelton
The present study investigated the role of social cost bias, probability bias, and self-efficacy as correlates of behavioral action in a nonclinical sample of 197 individuals, using a series of vignettes and self-report measures. The findings indicated that, as hypothesized, social cost bias, probability bias, and self-efficacy were associated with social anxiety. While social anxiety was associated with behavioral action, the three cognitive factors were associated with behavioral action above and beyond the contribution of social anxiety...
March 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457465/further-evaluation-of-a-practitioner-model-for-increasing-eye-contact-in-children-with-autism
#18
John T Rapp, Jennifer L Cook, Raluca Nuta, Carissa Balagot, Kayla Crouchman, Claire Jenkins, Sidrah Karim, Chelsea Watters-Wybrow
Cook et al. recently described a progressive model for teaching children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to provide eye contact with an instructor following a name call. The model included the following phases: contingent praise only, contingent edibles plus praise, stimulus prompts plus contingent edibles and praise, contingent video and praise, schedule thinning, generalization assessments, and maintenance evaluations. In the present study, we evaluated the extent to which modifications to the model were needed to train 15 children with ASD to engage in eye contact...
February 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374963/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial-of-the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-in-children
#19
Sarah M Kennedy, Emily L Bilek, Jill Ehrenreich-May
The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Children (UP-C) is an intervention for children aged 7 to 13 targeting high negative emotion, emotional reactivity, and emotion regulation deficits common across emotional disorders. Our objective was to collect pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) data on the efficacy of the UP-C, comparing UP-C with an active, anxiety-focused intervention. Participants were 47 children with at least one primary anxiety disorder; approximately one half had elevated depression symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374962/introduction-to-the-special-issue-interventions-to-reduce-challenging-behavior-among-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Tonya N Davis, Mandy Rispoli
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Challenging behavior may cause harm to the individual with ASD as well as limit opportunities for educational, vocational, and social participation and development. In addition, caregivers experience high stress and low quality of mental health...
January 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
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