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International Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100582/bicycle-injuries-and-helmet-use-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Jake Olivier, Prudence Creighton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100581/diabetes-mellitus-and-the-incidence-of-hearing-loss-a-cohort-study
#2
Min-Beom Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100583/every-participant-is-a-pi-citizen-science-and-participatory-governance-in-population-studies
#3
EDITORIAL
Alena Buyx, Lorenzo Del Savio, Barbara Prainsack, Henry Völzke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089961/cohort-profile-stress-in-pregnancy-sip-study
#4
Jackie Finik, Yoko Nomura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089960/cohort-profile-the-environmental-influence-on-early-ageing-environage-a-birth-cohort-study
#5
Bram G Janssen, Narjes Madlhoum, Wilfried Gyselaers, Esmée Bijnens, Diana B Clemente, Bianca Cox, Janneke Hogervorst, Leen Luyten, Dries S Martens, Martien Peusens, Michelle Plusquin, Eline B Provost, Harry A Roels, Nelly D Saenen, Maria Tsamou, Annette Vriens, Ellen Winckelmans, Karen Vrijens, Tim S Nawrot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089959/data-resource-profile-ipums-international
#6
Kristen Jeffers, Miriam King, Lara Cleveland, Patricia Kelly Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089958/heredity-and-environment-a-warning-to-eugenists
#7
Major Leonard Darwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089957/the-epigenetic-clock-and-physical-development-during-childhood-and-adolescence-longitudinal-analysis-from-a-uk-birth-cohort
#8
Andrew J Simpkin, Laura D Howe, Kate Tilling, Tom R Gaunt, Oliver Lyttleton, Wendy L McArdle, Susan M Ring, Steve Horvath, George Davey Smith, Caroline L Relton
BACKGROUND: Statistical models that use an individual's DNA methylation levels to estimate their age (known as epigenetic clocks) have recently been developed, with 96% correlation found between epigenetic and chronological age. We postulate that differences between estimated and actual age [age acceleration (AA)] can be used as a measure of developmental age in early life. METHODS: We obtained DNA methylation measures at three time points (birth, age 7 years and age 17 years) in 1018 children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089956/robust-causal-inference-using-directed-acyclic-graphs-the-r-package-dagitty
#9
Johannes Textor, Benito van der Zander, Mark S Gilthorpe, Maciej Liśkiewicz, George T H Ellison
Directed acyclic graphs (DAGs), which offer systematic representations of causal relationships, have become an established framework for the analysis of causal inference in epidemiology, often being used to determine covariate adjustment sets for minimizing confounding bias. DAGitty is a popular web application for drawing and analysing DAGs. Here we introduce the R package 'dagitty', which provides access to all of the capabilities of the DAGitty web application within the R platform for statistical computing, and also offers several new functions...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087783/cohort-profile-update-the-janus-serum-bank-cohort-in-norway
#10
Kirsti Vik Hjerkind, Randi E Gislefoss, Steinar Tretli, Wenche Nystad, Tone Bjørge, Anders Engeland, Haakon E Meyer, Kristin Holvik, Giske Ursin, Hilde Langseth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082375/evidence-for-large-scale-gene-by-smoking-interaction-effects-on-pulmonary-function
#11
Hugues Aschard, Martin D Tobin, Dana B Hancock, David Skurnik, Akshay Sood, Alan James, Albert Vernon Smith, Ani W Manichaikul, Archie Campbell, Bram P Prins, Caroline Hayward, Daan W Loth, David J Porteous, David P Strachan, Eleftheria Zeggini, George T O'Connor, Guy G Brusselle, H Marike Boezen, Holger Schulz, Ian J Deary, Ian P Hall, Igor Rudan, Jaakko Kaprio, James F Wilson, Jemma B Wilk, Jennifer E Huffman, Jing Hua Zhao, Kim de Jong, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Louise V Wain, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Mika Kähönen, Myriam Fornage, Ozren Polasek, Patricia A Cassano, R Graham Barr, Rajesh Rawal, Sarah E Harris, Sina A Gharib, Stefan Enroth, Susan R Heckbert, Terho Lehtimäki, Ulf Gyllensten, Understanding Society Scientific Group, Victoria E Jackson, Vilmundur Gudnason, Wenbo Tang, Josée Dupuis, María Soler Artigas, Amit D Joshi, Stephanie J London, Peter Kraft
BACKGROUND: Smoking is the strongest environmental risk factor for reduced pulmonary function. The genetic component of various pulmonary traits has also been demonstrated, and at least 26 loci have been reproducibly associated with either FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) or FEV1/FVC (FEV1/forced vital capacity). Although the main effects of smoking and genetic loci are well established, the question of potential gene-by-smoking interaction effect remains unanswered. The aim of the present study was to assess, using a genetic risk score approach, whether the effect of these 26 loci on pulmonary function is influenced by smoking...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082374/cohort-profile-the-nijmegen-biomedical-study-nbs
#12
Tessel E Galesloot, Dorine W Swinkels, Sita H Vermeulen, F de Vegt, B Franke, M den Heijer, J de Graaf, André L M Verbeek, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073954/gene-obesogenic-environment-interactions-in-the-uk-biobank-study
#13
Jessica Tyrrell, Andrew R Wood, Ryan M Ames, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Robin N Beaumont, Samuel E Jones, Marcus A Tuke, Katherine S Ruth, Rachel M Freathy, George Davey Smith, Stéphane Joost, Idris Guessous, Anna Murray, David P Strachan, Zoltán Kutalik, Michael N Weedon, Timothy M Frayling
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that modern obesogenic environments accentuate the genetic risk of obesity. However, these studies have proven controversial as to which, if any, measures of the environment accentuate genetic susceptibility to high body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We used up to 120 000 adults from the UK Biobank study to test the hypothesis that high-risk obesogenic environments and behaviours accentuate genetic susceptibility to obesity...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073953/commentary-mining-gene-lifestyle-interactions-in-uk-biobank-all-that-glitters-isn-t-gold
#14
Paul W Franks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073952/alcohol-and-coronary-artery-calcification-an-investigation-using-alcohol-flushing-as-an-instrumental-variable
#15
Kyung Eun Yun, Yoosoo Chang, Sung-Cheol Yun, George Davey Smith, Seungho Ryu, Sung-Il Cho, Eun Chul Chung, Hocheol Shin, Young-Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: We examined whether alcohol flushing could be used as an instrumental variable (IV) and investigated the effect of alcohol consumption on coronary calcification using alcohol flushing status as an IV. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from 24 681 Korean adults (20 696 men and 3985 women) who had been administered a questionnaire assessing alcohol consumption and alcohol flushing, as well as a coronary artery calcium (CAC) measurement. The associations of alcohol flushing status with potential confounders and alcohol consumption were examined...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065888/change-in-organizational-justice-as-a-predictor-of-insomnia-symptoms-longitudinal-study-analysing-observational-data-as-a-non-randomized-pseudo-trial
#16
Tea Lallukka, Jaana I Halonen, Børge Sivertsen, Jaana Pentti, Sari Stenholm, Marianna Virtanen, Paula Salo, Tuula Oksanen, Marko Elovainio, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Despite injustice at the workplace being a potential source of sleep problems, longitudinal evidence remains scarce. We examined whether changes in perceived organizational justice predicted changes in insomnia symptoms. METHODS: Data on 24 287 Finnish public sector employees (82% women), from three consecutive survey waves between 2000 and 2012, were treated as 'pseudo-trials'. Thus, the analysis of unfavourable changes in organizational justice included participants without insomnia symptoms in Waves 1 and 2, with high organizational justice in Wave 1 and high or low justice in Wave 2 (N = 6307)...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064197/cohort-profile-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study-generation-2
#17
Leon Straker, Jenny Mountain, Angela Jacques, Scott White, Anne Smith, Louis Landau, Fiona Stanley, John Newnham, Craig Pennell, Peter Eastwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064199/the-burden-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-men-in-rural-uganda
#18
L Stothers, S Mutabazi, R Mukisa, A J Macnab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064198/cohort-profile-the-australian-aboriginal-birth-cohort-abc-study
#19
Susan M Sayers, Dorothy Mackerras, Gurmeet R Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052930/impact-of-energy-efficiency-interventions-in-public-housing-buildings-on-cold-related-mortality-a-case-crossover-analysis
#20
Andrés Peralta, Lluís Camprubí, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Xavier Basagaña, Carme Borrell, Marc Marí-Dell'Olmo
BACKGROUND: Interventions to mitigate fuel poverty and particularly energy efficiency façade retrofitting (EEFR) have demonstrated positive impacts on health but the impacts of EEFR interventions on cold-related mortality have not been studied in depth. We evaluated the impact of EEFR interventions in Barcelona on the association between cold outdoor temperatures and mortality (from all natural causes and from neoplasms, circulatory system and respiratory system causes) from 1986 to 2012...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
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