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International Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541501/satellite-based-estimates-of-long-term-exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-are-associated-with-c-reactive-protein-in-30%C3%A2-034-taiwanese-adults
#1
Zilong Zhang, Ly-Yun Chang, Alexis K H Lau, Ta-Chien Chan, Yuan Chieh Chuang, Jimmy Chan, Changqing Lin, Wun Kai Jiang, Keith Dear, Benny C Y Zee, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Gerard Hoek, Tony Tam, Xiang Qian Lao
Background: Particulate matter (PM) air pollution is associated with the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the biological mechanism underlying the associations remains unclear. Atherosclerosis, the underlying pathology of cardiovascular disease, is a chronic inflammatory process. We therefore investigated the association of long-term exposure to fine PM (PM 2.5 ) with C-reactive protein (CRP), a sensitive marker of systemic inflammation, in a large Taiwanese population...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541528/hdss-profile-the-dande-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-dande-hdss-angola
#2
Edite Vila Nova Rosário, Diogo Costa, Diogo Francisco, Miguel Brito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520946/early-cannabis-initiation-and-educational-attainment-is-the-association-causal-data-from-the-french-tempo-study
#3
Maria Melchior, Camille Bolze, Eric Fombonne, Pamela J Surkan, Laura Pryor, Marie Jauffret-Roustide
Background: : Adolescent cannabis use has been reported to predict later educational attainment; however, results of past studies may be confounded by inappropriate control for factors that make some youths more likely to use cannabis precociously than others. We aimed to test the possibility of a causal relationship between early cannabis initiation and later academic achievement. Methods: : Analyses are based on data collected among TEMPO cohort study participants (France, 2009, n  = 1103, 22-35 years)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498979/cohort-profile-the-tracking-opportunities-and-problems-study-topp-a-study-of-norwegian-children-and-their-parents-followed-from-infancy-to-adulthood
#4
Wendy Nilsen, Anne Kjeldsen, Evalill Bølstad Karevold, Anni Skipstein, Maren Sand Helland, Kristin Gustavson, Frøydis Enstad, Silje Baardstu, Espen Røysamb, Kristin S Mathiesen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498912/data-resource-profile-seeding-success-a-cross-sectoral-data-resource-for-early-childhood-health-and-development-research-in-australian-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-children
#5
Kathleen Falster, Mikaela Jorgensen, Mark Hanly, Emily Banks, Marni Brownell, Sandra Eades, Rhonda Craven, Sharon Goldfeld, Deborah Randall, Louisa Jorm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482096/professor-basil-s-hetzel-ac-md-fracp-frcp-ffph
#6
Walter W Holland, Richard F Southby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472445/defining-the-population-attributable-fraction-for-infectious-diseases
#7
Ellen Brooks-Pollock, Leon Danon
Background: The population attributable fraction (PAF) is used to quantify the contribution of a risk group to disease burden. For infectious diseases, high-risk individuals may increase disease risk for the wider population in addition to themselves; therefore methods are required to estimate the PAF for infectious diseases. Methods: A mathematical model of disease transmission in a population with a high-risk group was used to compare existing approaches for calculating the PAF...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472508/mendelian-randomization-for-investigating-causal-roles-of-biomarkers-in-multifactorial-health-outcomes-a-lesson-from-studies-on-liver-biomarkers
#8
Ali Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472354/lessons-from-mendelian-randomization-studies-on-liver-biomarkers-response-to-letter-by-a-abbasi
#9
Raymond Noordam, Roelof A J Smit, Iris Postmus, Stella Trompet, Diana van Heemst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459982/traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-uganda-a-prevention-strategy-and-mechanism-to-improve-home-care
#10
L Stothers, A J Macnab, R Mukisa, S Mutabazi, F Bajunirwe
In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the burden of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is largely unknown. The estimated incidence of TSCI in LMICs is 25.5/million/year, and the impact on affected patients and their families is presumed to be immense due to the social structure, limited health system resources and reliance on family to care for those that survive injury to return home. In sub-Saharan Africa, extrapolated regional figures for incidence range from 21 - 29/million/year, and the occurrence of a spinal injury is likely to be fatal within a year...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453817/epidemiology-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-cameroon-the-first-population-based-cohort-survey-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Aimé Bonny, Kemi Tibazarwa, Samuel Mbouh, Jonas Wa, Réné Fonga, Cecile Saka, Marcus Ngantcha
Background: Incidence estimates of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are unknown. Method: Over 12 months, the household administrative office and health community committee within neighbourhoods in two health areas of Douala, Cameroon, registered all deaths among 86 188 inhabitants aged >18 years. As part of an extended multi-source surveillance system, the Emergency Medical Service (EMS), local medical examiners and district hospital mortuaries were also surveyed...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449133/maternal-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-prospective-sibling-control-study
#12
Espen Moen Eilertsen, Line C Gjerde, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ragnhild E Ørstavik, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Camilla Stoltenberg, Nikolai Czajkowski, Espen Røysamb, Kenneth S Kendler, Eivind Ystrom
Background: Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy has repeatedly been associated with development of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring. It is, however not known whether this reflects a direct casual intra-uterine effect or a non-causal relationship due to confounding. We used three different approaches to control for measured and unmeasured confounding: statistical adjustment for covariates, negative control comparison against maternal pre-pregnancy alcohol use, and comparison among differentially exposed siblings...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449082/oral-health-and-mortality-in-the-golestan-cohort-study
#13
Emily Vogtmann, Arash Etemadi, Farin Kamangar, Farhad Islami, Gholamreza Roshandel, Hossein Poustchi, Akram Pourshams, Masoud Khoshnia, Abdulsamad Gharravi, Paul J Brennan, Paolo Boffetta, Sanford M Dawsey, Reza Malekzadeh, Christian C Abnet
Background: Previous studies have found associations between oral health and mortality, but the majority of previous studies have been conducted in high-income countries. Methods: We used data from the Golestan Cohort Study, a study of 50 045 people aged 40 to 75 years in north eastern Iran, recruited from January 2004 to June 2008. Tooth loss and decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) were assessed by trained physicians. Frequency of tooth brushing and use of dentures were self-reported...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449053/fresh-fruit-consumption-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-findings-from-the-china-kadoorie-biobank
#14
Huaidong Du, Liming Li, Derrick Bennett, Ling Yang, Yu Guo, Timothy J Key, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Robin G Walters, Iona Y Millwood, Junshi Chen, Junzheng Wang, Xue Zhou, Le Fang, Yijun Li, Xianzhi Li, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Zhengming Chen
Background: Higher fruit consumption is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Substantial uncertainties remain, however, about the associations of fruit consumption with all-cause mortality and mortality from subtypes of CVD and major non-vascular diseases, especially in China. Methods: In 2004-08, the nationwide China Kadoorie Biobank Study recruited > 0.5 million adults aged 30-79 years from 10 diverse localities in China. Fresh fruit consumption was estimated using an interviewer-administered electronic questionnaire, and mortality data were collected from death registries...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449030/spillover-effects-on-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#15
Jade Benjamin-Chung, Jaynal Abedin, David Berger, Ashley Clark, Veronica Jimenez, Eugene Konagaya, Diana Tran, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Stephen P Luby, Edward Miguel, John M Colford
Background: Many interventions delivered to improve health may benefit not only direct recipients but also people in close physical or social proximity. Our objective was to review all published literature about the spillover effects of interventions on health outcomes in low-middle income countries and to identify methods used in estimating these effects. Methods: We searched 19 electronic databases for articles published before 2014 and hand-searched titles from 2010 to 2013 in five relevant journals...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449061/cohort-profile-the-1895-1905-1910-and-1915-danish-birth-cohort-studies-secular-trends-in-the-health-and-functioning-of-the-very-old
#16
Signe Høi Rasmussen, Karen Andersen-Ranberg, Mikael Thinggaard, Bernard Jeune, Axel Skytthe, Lene Christiansen, James W Vaupel, Matt McGue, Kaare Christensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431124/childhood-vaccinations-and-risk-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-in-children
#17
Signe Holst Søegaard, Klaus Rostgaard, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Mads Kamper-Jørgensen, Marie Hargreave, Henrik Hjalgrim, Anders Hviid
Background: It has been proposed that childhood vaccinations protect against acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in children by modulation of future responses to common infections in childhood. However, the available studies provide inconsistent findings, and population-based cohort studies with longitudinal information on vaccinations are lacking. Methods: In a register-based cohort of all children born in Denmark from 1 January 1990 to 31 December 2008, followed up until age 15 years or 31 December 2009 ( n  = 1 225 404), we evaluated exposure to childhood vaccination and risk of childhood ALL, including information on ALL subtypes...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430971/association-between-native-american-owned-casinos-and-the-prevalence-of-large-for-gestational-age-births
#18
Jessica C Jones-Smith, William H Dow, Vanessa M Oddo
Background: A small number of studies have used a natural experiment approach to examine the health impacts of increased economic resources stemming from Native American-owned casinos. We build on this work by examining whether casinos are associated with obesity-related health in utero . Methods: We examined whether casino openings or expansion (as proxy for increased economic resources) are associated with a decreased likelihood of infants being born large-for-gestational-age (LGA), an important risk factor for childhood overweight/obesity...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419249/cohort-profile-african-collaborative-center-for-microbiome-and-genomics-research-s-accme-human-papillomavirus-hpv-and-cervical-cancer-study
#19
Sally N Adebamowo, Eileen O Dareng, Ayotunde O Famooto, Richard Offiong, Olayinka Olaniyan, Kayode Obende, Amos Adebayo, Sanni Ologun, Bunmi Alabi, Peter Achara, Rasheed A Bakare, Michael Odutola, Oluwatoyosi Olawande, James Okuma, George Odonye, Ruxton Adebiyi, Patrick Dakum, Clement A Adebamowo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419313/association-between-month-of-birth-and-melanoma-risk-fact-or-fiction
#20
Cornelia Fiessler, Annette B Pfahlberg, Andrea K Keller, Martin Radespiel-Tröger, Wolfgang Uter, Olaf Gefeller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
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