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International Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864414/the-role-of-potential-outcomes-thinking-in-assessing-mediation-and-interaction
#1
Tyler J VanderWeele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864413/cohort-profile-collaboration-of-observational-hiv-epidemiological-research-europe-cohere-in-eurocoord
#2
Geneviève Chêne, Andrew Phillips, Dominique Costagliola, Jonathan A C Sterne, Hansjakob Furrer, Julia Del Amo, Amanda Mocroft, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, François Dabis, José M Miro, Diana Barger, Monique Termote, Christine Schwimmer, Rikke Salbøl Brandt, Nina Friis-Moller, Dorthe Raben, David Haerry, Matthias Egger, Ian Weller, Stéphane De Wit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864412/multilevel-regression-modelling-to-investigate-variation-in-disease-prevalence-across-locations
#3
REVIEW
Gudrun Weinmayr, Jens Dreyhaupt, Andrea Jaensch, Francesco Forastiere, David P Strachan
In this article, we show how to investigate the role of individual (personal) risk factors in outcome prevalence in multicentre studies with multilevel modelling. The variation in outcome prevalence is modelled by introducing a random intercept. In the next step, the empty model is compared with the model containing the risk factor(s). Because the outcome is dichotomous, this comparison can only be carried out after having rescaled the models' parameter values to the variance of an underlying continuous variable...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864411/commentary-increasing-uptake-of-hiv-testing-gifts-are-good-but-more-is-needed
#4
Nathan Ford, Edward J Mills
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864410/effectiveness-of-motivational-interviewing-interventions-on-medication-adherence-in-adults-with-chronic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Line Guénette, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Sophie Lauzier, Adouni Moulikatou Lawani, Cyril Ferdynus, Laetitia Huiart, Jocelyne Moisan
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is frequently suboptimal in adults with chronic diseases, resulting in negative consequences. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a collaborative conversational style for strengthening a person's motivation and commitment to change. We aimed to assess whether MI interventions are effective to enhance medication adherence in adults with chronic diseases and to explore the effect of individual MI intervention characteristics. METHODS: We searched electronic databases and reference lists of relevant articles to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed MI intervention effectiveness on medication adherence in adults with chronic diseases...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864409/mediation-interaction-interference-for-social-epidemiology
#6
J Michael Oakes, Ashley I Naimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864408/the-epidemiology-of-two-things-considered-together-commentary-on-explanation-in-causal-inference-developments-in-mediation-and-interaction-by-tyler-j-vanderweele
#7
Jay S Kaufman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864407/cigarettes
#8
B H Fairchild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864406/explanation-in-causal-inference-developments-in-mediation-and-interaction
#9
Tyler J VanderWeele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864405/prenatal-exposure-to-mercury-and-neuropsychological-development-in-young-children-the-role-of-fish-consumption
#10
Sabrina Llop, Ferran Ballester, Mario Murcia, Joan Forns, Adonina Tardon, Ainara Andiarena, Jesús Vioque, Jesús Ibarluzea, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Jordi Sunyer, Jordi Julvez, Marisa Rebagliato, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa
BACKGROUND: Vulnerability of the central nervous system to mercury exposure is increased during early development. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between prenatal exposure to mercury and child neuropsychological development in high-fish-intake areas in Spain. METHODS: Study subjects were 1362 children, participants in the INMA (Environment and Childhood) birth cohort study. Cord blood total mercury (CB-Hg) and cord polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations were analysed in samples collected between 2004 and 2008...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864404/causation-mediation-and-explanation
#11
Neil Pearce, Jan P Vandenbroucke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864403/using-group-data-to-treat-individuals-understanding-heterogeneous-treatment-effects-in-the-age-of-precision-medicine-and-patient-centred-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Issa J Dahabreh, Rodney Hayward, David M Kent
Although often conflated, determining the best treatment for an individual (the task of a doctor) is fundamentally different from determining the average effect of treatment in a population (the purpose of a trial). In this paper, we review concepts of heterogeneity of treatment effects (HTE) essential in providing the evidence base for precision medicine and patient-centred care, and explore some inherent limitations of using group data (e.g. from a randomized trial) to guide treatment decisions for individuals...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864402/molecular-genetic-contributions-to-self-rated-health
#13
Sarah E Harris, Saskia P Hagenaars, Gail Davies, W David Hill, David C M Liewald, Stuart J Ritchie, Riccardo E Marioni, Cathie L M Sudlow, Joanna M Wardlaw, Andrew M McIntosh, Catharine R Gale, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: Poorer self-rated health (SRH) predicts worse health outcomes, even when adjusted for objective measures of disease at time of rating. Twin studies indicate SRH has a heritability of up to 60% and that its genetic architecture may overlap with that of personality and cognition. METHODS: We carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of SRH on 111 749 members of the UK Biobank sample. Univariate genome-wide complex trait analysis (GCTA)-GREML analyses were used to estimate the proportion of variance explained by all common autosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for SRH...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864401/change-in-body-size-and-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Amalia Karahalios, Dallas R English, Julie A Simpson
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have reported that weight loss in later life is associated with an increased risk of mortality. However, the association with weight gain is unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies assessing the association of weight gain and loss, and mortality. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science for articles published before 5 September 2015. We included prospective studies that reported enough information to extract hazard ratios (HRs) with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between weight gain and/or weight loss, and all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864400/malaria-in-uganda-school-based-rapid-diagnostic-testing-and-treatment
#15
A J Macnab, R Mukisa, S Mutabazi, R Steed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864399/novel-genetic-loci-associated-with-long-term-deterioration-in-blood-lipid-concentrations-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-european-adults
#16
Tibor V Varga, Azra Kurbasic, Mattias Aine, Pontus Eriksson, Ashfaq Ali, George Hindy, Stefan Gustafsson, Jian'an Luan, Dmitry Shungin, Yan Chen, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Peter M Nilsson, Göran Hallmans, Inês Barroso, Panos Deloukas, Claudia Langenberg, Robert A Scott, Nicholas J Wareham, Lars Lind, Erik Ingelsson, Olle Melander, Marju Orho-Melander, Frida Renström, Paul W Franks
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional genome-wide association studies have identified hundreds of loci associated with blood lipids and related cardiovascular traits, but few genetic association studies have focused on long-term changes in blood lipids. METHODS: Participants from the GLACIER Study (Nmax = 3492) were genotyped with the MetaboChip array, from which 29 387 SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms; replication, fine-mapping regions and wildcard SNPs for lipid traits) were extracted for association tests with 10-year change in total cholesterol (ΔTC) and triglycerides (ΔTG)...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864398/association-of-hiv-and-art-with-cardiometabolic-traits-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
D G Dillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864397/sociodemographic-distribution-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-in-rural-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
G A Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856606/commentary-bcg-has-no-beneficial-non-specific-effects-on-greenland-an-answer-to-the-wrong-question
#19
Christine Stabell Benn, Signe Sørup
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836916/cohort-profile-the-china-metal-exposed-workers-cohort-study-jinchang-cohort
#20
Yana Bai, Aimin Yang, Huangquan Pu, Min Dai, Ning Cheng, Jiao Ding, Juansheng Li, Haiyan Li, Xiaobin Hu, Xiaowei Ren, Jie He, Tongzhang Zheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
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