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International Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666347/a-contemporary-picture-of-the-burden-of-death-and-disability-in-indian-adolescents-data-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#1
Rohina Joshi, Mohammed Alim, Pallab K Maulik, Robyn Norton
Background: Adolescents (10-19 years old) comprise a fifth of the Indian population (253.2 million), yet there is very little published information about the burden of disease and injury for this age group. This paper aims to provide a contemporary picture of the leading causes of death and disability for Indian adolescent girls and boys for 2013, and changes in deaths and disability between 1990 and 2013. Methods: Data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study for India, for the years 1990 and 2013, were accessed...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645213/cohort-profile-the-bristol-cats-study-bcs-a-birth-cohort-of-kittens-owned-by-uk-households
#2
J K Murray, R A Casey, E Gale, C A T Buffington, C Roberts, R H Kinsman, T J Gruffydd-Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641380/cohort-profile-the-melbourne-collaborative-cohort-study-health-2020
#3
R L Milne, A S Fletcher, R J MacInnis, A M Hodge, A H Hopkins, J K Bassett, F J Bruinsma, B M Lynch, P A Dugué, H Jayasekara, M T Brinkman, L V Popowski, L Baglietto, G Severi, K O'Dea, J L Hopper, M C Southey, D R English, G G Giles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637204/cohort-profile-the-well-being-in-hospital-employees-whale-study
#4
Ulla Arthur Hvidtfeldt, Jakob Bue Bjorner, Johan Høy Jensen, Nina Breinegaard, Peter Hasle, Jens Peter Ellekilde Bonde, Naja Hulvej Rod
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637260/associations-of-obesity-and-lifestyle-with-the-risk-and-mortality-of-bloodstream-infection-in-a-general-population-a-15-year-follow-up-of-64%C3%A2-027-individuals-in-the-hunt-study
#5
Julie Paulsen, Åsa Askim, Randi Marie Mohus, Arne Mehl, Andrew Dewan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Bjørn O Åsvold
Background: Bloodstream infections (BSI) cause considerable morbidity and mortality, and primary prevention should be a priority. Lifestyle factors are of particular interest since they represent a modifiable target. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study among participants in the population-based Norwegian HUNT2 Survey, where 64 027 participants were followed from 1995-97 through 2011 by linkage to prospectively recorded information on BSI at local and regional hospitals...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637343/health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-hdss-in-matlab-bangladesh
#6
Nurul Alam, Taslim Ali, Abdur Razzaque, Mahfuzur Rahman, M Zahirul Haq, Sajal K Saha, Ali Ahmed, A M Sarder, M Moinuddin Haider, Mohammad Yunus, Quamrun Nahar, Peter Kim Streatfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605503/behavioural-not-biological-factors-drive-the-hcv-epidemic-among-hiv-positive-msm-hcv-and-hiv-modelling-analysis-including-hcv-treatment-as-prevention-impact
#7
Louis MacGregor, Natasha K Martin, Christinah Mukandavire, Ford Hickson, Peter Weatherburn, Matthew Hickman, Peter Vickerman
Background: Uncertainty surrounds why hepatitis C virus (HCV) is concentrated among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM). We used mathematical modelling to explore reasons for these infection patterns, and implications for HCV treatment-as-prevention. Methods: Using a joint MSM HIV/HCV transmission model parameterized with UK behavioural data, we considered how biological (heightened HCV infectivity and reduced spontaneous clearance among HIV-positive MSM) and/or behavioural factors (preferential sexual mixing by HIV status and risk heterogeneity) could concentrate HCV infection in HIV-positive MSM as commonly observed (5-20 times the HCV prevalence in HIV-negative MSM; defined as the HCV ratio)...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605500/focus-on-an-unusual-rise-in-pancreatic-cancer-incidence-in-france
#8
Anne-Marie Bouvier, Zoé Uhry, Valérie Jooste, Antoine Drouillard, Laurent Remontet, Guy Launoy, Nathalie Leone
Background: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal. Most countries have exhibited a stable or decreasing incidence over time. The aim of this study was to provide updated French temporal trends in pancreatic cancer incidence and mortality over the past three decades. Methods: Incidence was estimated using the French National Network of Cancer Registries (FRANCIM) and mortality using the French Mortality Statistics Office. World age-standardized incidence and mortality were modelled by age-period-cohort models...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586472/maternal-consumption-of-artificially-sweetened-beverages-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-growth-through-7-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Yeyi Zhu, Sjurdur F Olsen, Pauline Mendola, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Shristi Rawal, Stefanie N Hinkle, Edwina H Yeung, Jorge E Chavarro, Louise G Grunnet, Charlotta Granström, Anne A Bjerregaard, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Artificial sweeteners are widely replacing caloric sweeteners. Data on long-term impact of artificially sweetened beverage (ASB) consumption during pregnancy on offspring obesity risk are lacking. We prospectively investigated intake of ASBs and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) during pregnancy in relation to offspring growth through age 7 years among high-risk children born to women with gestational diabetes. Methods: In a prospective study of 918 mother-singleton child dyads from the Danish National Birth Cohort, maternal dietary intake was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire during pregnancy...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586464/does-unmeasured-confounding-influence-associations-between-the-retail-food-environment-and-body-mass-index-over-time-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#10
Pasquale E Rummo, David K Guilkey, Shu Wen Ng, Katie A Meyer, Barry M Popkin, Jared P Reis, James M Shikany, Penny Gordon-Larsen
Background: Findings in the observational retail food environment and obesity literature are inconsistent, potentially due to a lack of adjustment for residual confounding. Methods: Using data from the CARDIA study ( n  = 12 174 person-observations; 6 examinations; 1985-2011) across four US cities (Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; Oakland, CA), we used instrumental-variables (IV) regression to obtain causal estimates of the longitudinal associations between the percentage of neighbourhood food stores or restaurants (per total food outlets within 1 km network distance of respondent residence) with body mass index (BMI), adjusting for individual-level socio-demographics, health behaviours, city, year, total food outlets and market-level prices...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586461/genetically-low-vitamin-d-concentrations-and-myopic-refractive-error-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#11
Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Katie M Williams, Seyhan Yazar, Jeremy A Guggenheim, Alex W Hewitt, Cathy Williams, Jie Jin Wang, Pik-Fang Kho, Seang Mei Saw, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tien Yin Wong, Tin Aung, Terri L Young, J Willem L Tideman, Jost B Jonas, Paul Mitchell, Robert Wojciechowski, Dwight Stambolian, Pirro Hysi, Christopher J Hammond, David A Mackey, Robyn M Lucas, Stuart MacGregor
Background: Myopia prevalence has increased in the past 20 years, with many studies linking the increase to reduced time spent outdoors. A number of recent observational studies have shown an inverse association between vitamin D [25(OH)D] serum levels and myopia. However, in such studies it is difficult to separate the effects of time outdoors and vitamin D levels. In this work we use Mendelian randomization (MR) to assess if genetically determined 25(OH)D levels contribute to the degree of myopia...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582528/trends-in-obesity-and-diabetes-across-africa-from-1980-to-2014-an-analysis-of-pooled-population-based-studies
#12
(no author information available yet)
Background: : The 2016 Dar Es Salaam Call to Action on Diabetes and Other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) advocates national multi-sectoral NCD strategies and action plans based on available data and information from countries of sub-Saharan Africa and beyond. We estimated trends from 1980 to 2014 in age-standardized mean body mass index (BMI) and diabetes prevalence in these countries, in order to assess the co-progression and assist policy formulation. Methods: : We pooled data from African and worldwide population-based studies which measured height, weight and biomarkers to assess diabetes status in adults aged ≥ 18 years...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582581/changes-in-blood-dna-methylation-and-incomplete-adjustment-for-blood-cell-composition
#13
Wilfried Karmaus, Su Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582543/adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#14
Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Ximin Hu, Wei Hou, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Lu Qi, Liming Li
Background: Simultaneously adhering to multiple healthy lifestyle factors has been related to up to 90% reduction in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) incidence in White populations; however, little is known about whether such protective effects persist in other non-White populations. Methods: We examined the associations of six lifestyle factors with T2DM in the China Kadoorie Biobank of 461 211 participants aged 30-79 years without diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or cancer at baseline...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582533/handling-blood-cell-composition-in-epigenetic-studies-on-ageing
#15
Qihua Tan, Bastiaan T Heijmans, Jacob V B Hjelmborg, Mette Soerensen, Kaare Christensen, Lene Christiansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575465/on-wagging-tales-about-causal-inference
#16
Ashley I Naimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575407/reply-to-naimi-letter
#17
Nancy Krieger, George Davey Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575313/power-calculator-for-instrumental-variable-analysis-in-pharmacoepidemiology
#18
Venexia M Walker, Neil M Davies, Frank Windmeijer, Stephen Burgess, Richard M Martin
Background: Instrumental variable analysis, for example with physicians' prescribing preferences as an instrument for medications issued in primary care, is an increasingly popular method in the field of pharmacoepidemiology. Existing power calculators for studies using instrumental variable analysis, such as Mendelian randomization power calculators, do not allow for the structure of research questions in this field. This is because the analysis in pharmacoepidemiology will typically have stronger instruments and detect larger causal effects than in other fields...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541501/satellite-based-estimates-of-long-term-exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-are-associated-with-c-reactive-protein-in-30%C3%A2-034-taiwanese-adults
#19
Zilong Zhang, Ly-Yun Chang, Alexis K H Lau, Ta-Chien Chan, Yuan Chieh Chuang, Jimmy Chan, Changqing Lin, Wun Kai Jiang, Keith Dear, Benny C Y Zee, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Gerard Hoek, Tony Tam, Xiang Qian Lao
Background: Particulate matter (PM) air pollution is associated with the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the biological mechanism underlying the associations remains unclear. Atherosclerosis, the underlying pathology of cardiovascular disease, is a chronic inflammatory process. We therefore investigated the association of long-term exposure to fine PM (PM 2.5 ) with C-reactive protein (CRP), a sensitive marker of systemic inflammation, in a large Taiwanese population...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541528/hdss-profile-the-dande-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-dande-hdss-angola
#20
Edite Vila Nova Rosário, Diogo Costa, Diogo Francisco, Miguel Brito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
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