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International Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212889/cohort-profile-the-epidemiology-of-chronic-diseases-cohort-epidoc
#1
Sara Simões Dias, Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Jaime Cunha Branco, Helena Canhão
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212875/precision-public-health-the-emperor-s-new-clothes
#2
David Taylor-Robinson, Frank Kee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212868/methodological-quality-assessment-of-network-meta-analysis-of-drug-interventions-implications-from-a-systematic-review
#3
Fernanda S Tonin, Helena H Borba, Leticia P Leonart, Antonio M Mendes, Laiza M Steimbach, Roberto Pontarolo, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
Background: We aimed to determine the methodological quality of network meta-analyses (NMAs) and their compliance with reporting guidelines. Methods: A systematic review of NMAs comparing any pharmacological interventions was performed (searches in Medline and Scopus). The characteristics of NMAs were collected by two independent reviewers. We applied R-AMSTAR to all NMAs, generating a methodological quality score that could range from 11 to 44 points. PRISMA and PRISMA-NMA reporting checklists were converted into quantitative scores (maximum values of 27 and 32 points)...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212855/cohort-profile-the-finnish-health-in-teens-fin-hit-study-a-population-based-study
#4
Rejane Augusta de Oliveira Figueiredo, Sabina Simola-Ström, Trine B Rounge, Heli Viljakainen, Johan G Eriksson, Eva Roos, Elisabete Weiderpass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215727/evaluating-temporal-patterns-of-snakebite-in-sri-lanka-the-potential-for-higher-snakebite-burdens-with-climate-change
#5
Dileepa Senajith Ediriweera, Peter John Diggle, Anuradhani Kasturiratne, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Nipul Kithsiri Gunawardena, Shaluka Francis Jayamanne, Geoffrey Kennedy Isbister, Andrew Dawson, David Griffith Lalloo, Hithanadura Janaka de Silva
Background: Snakebite is a neglected tropical disease that has been overlooked by healthcare decision makers in many countries. Previous studies have reported seasonal variation in hospital admission rates due to snakebites in endemic countries including Sri Lanka, but seasonal patterns have not been investigated in detail. Methods: A national community-based survey was conducted during the period of August 2012 to June 2013. The survey used a multistage cluster design, sampled 165 665 individuals living in 44 136 households and recorded all recalled snakebite events that had occurred during the preceding year...
September 11, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215720/cohort-profile-the-trondheim-early-secure-study-tess-a-study-of-mental-health-psychosocial-development-and-health-behaviour-from-preschool-to-adolescence
#6
Silje Steinsbekk, Lars Wichstrøm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184208/effects-of-screening-and-universal-healthcare-on-long-term-colorectal-cancer-mortality
#7
Yi-Chia Lee, Chen-Yang Hsu, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Shu-Lin Chuang, Wen-Feng Hsu, Tsung-Hsien Chiang, Han-Mo Chiu, Ming-Shiang Wu, Hsiu-Hsi Chen
Background: To evaluate the time trends of colorectal cancer (CRC) affected by a Nationwide Colorectal Cancer Screening (NCCS) programme with biennial faecal immunochemical testing (FIT) and Nationwide Healthcare Insurance (NHI). Methods: Data from the national registries on cancer and death in Taiwan were separated into years 1984-1993, 1994-2003 and 2004-2013 based on the implementations of NHI (starting 1995) and NCCS (starting 2004). The adult population was divided into three age groups (young, 30-49; middle-aged, 50-69; and old, 70-84 years); only the middle-aged were eligible for NCCS...
September 3, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169863/reducing-the-global-burden-of-poor-oral-health-through-school-based-programmes
#8
Andrew J Macnab, Ronald Mukisa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169829/osteoarthritis-and-risk-of-mortality-in-the-usa-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Angelico Mendy, JuYoung Park, Edgar Ramos Vieira
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease, but its association with mortality is unclear. Methods: We analysed data on adult participants in the 1988-94 and 1999-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, followed for mortality through 2011. OA was defined by self-report, and in a subset of participants 60 years or older with knee X-rays, radiographic knee OA (RKOA) was defined as Kellgren-Lawrence score ≥2. Cox proportional hazards were used to determine the mortality hazard ratio (HR) associated with self-reported OA and RKOA, adjusting for covariates...
August 29, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169796/green-tea-consumption-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults-the-shanghai-women-s-health-study-and-the-shanghai-men-s-health-study
#10
Xiaona Liu, Wanghong Xu, Hui Cai, Yu-Tang Gao, Honglan Li, Bu-Tian Ji, Xiang Shu, Thomas Wang, Robert E Gerszten, Wei Zheng, Yong-Bing Xiang, Xiao-Ou Shu
Background: Epidemiological evidence on the association between tea consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is inconsistent. This study prospectively investigated whether green tea drinking affects the risk of T2D. Methods: This study included participants from the Shanghai Women's Health Study (N = 67 058) and the Shanghai Men's Health Study (N  =  52 315) without diabetes at study enrolment. Details of tea consumption, including types and amounts, were collected at the baseline and follow-up survey...
August 29, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169798/commentary-past-and-current-asbestos-exposure-and-future-mesothelioma-risks-in-britain-the-inhaled-particles-study-tips
#11
Benedetto Terracini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169793/cohort-profile-the-british-columbia-generations-project-bcgp
#12
Anar Dhalla, Treena E McDonald, Richard P Gallagher, John J Spinelli, Angela R Brooks-Wilson, Tim K Lee, Calvin Lai, Marilyn J Borugian, Ryan R Woods, Nhu D Le, Trevor J B Dummer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165517/epidemiology-at-a-time-for-unity
#13
Bryan Lau, Priya Duggal, Stephan Ehrhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165399/cohort-profile-life-course-study-in-cardiovascular-disease-epidemiology-lifecare
#14
Mahham Shafiq, Alan Yean Yip Fong, E Shyong Tai, Ei Ei Khaing Nang, Hwee Lin Wee, John Adam, Mark Woodward, Piyamitr Sritara, Richie Poulton, Rody Sy, Kavita Venkataraman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137430/relationship-of-genetic-determinants-of-height-with-cardiometabolic-and-pulmonary-traits-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#15
Tamar Sofer, Jee-Young Moon, Carmen R Isasi, Qibin Qi, Neomi A Shah, Robert C Kaplan, Mark H Kuniholm
Background: Associations of adult height with cardiometabolic and pulmonary traits have been studied in majority European ancestry populations using Mendelian randomization and polygenic risk score (PRS) analysis. The standard PRS approach entails creating a PRS for height using variants identified in prior genome-wide association studies (GWAS). It is unclear how well the standard PRS approach performs in non-European populations and whether height-trait associations observed in Europeans are also observed in other populations...
August 21, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137462/candidate-genes-linking-maternal-nutrient-exposure-to-offspring-health-via-dna-methylation-a-review-of-existing-evidence-in-humans-with-specific-focus-on-one-carbon-metabolism
#16
Philip James, Sara Sajjadi, Ashutosh Singh Tomar, Ayden Saffari, Caroline H D Fall, Andrew M Prentice, Smeeta Shrestha, Prachand Issarapu, Dilip Kumar Yadav, Lovejeet Kaur, Karen Lillycrop, Matt Silver, Giriraj R Chandak
Background: Mounting evidence suggests that nutritional exposures during pregnancy influence the fetal epigenome, and that these epigenetic changes can persist postnatally, with implications for disease risk across the life course. Methods: We review human intergenerational studies using a three-part search strategy. Search 1 investigates associations between preconceptional or pregnancy nutritional exposures, focusing on one-carbon metabolism, and offspring DNA methylation...
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137349/asbestos-exposure-and-mesothelioma-risk
#17
Alfreda Krupoves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124858/development-and-validation-of-a-predictive-ecological-model-for-tb-prevalence
#18
Sandra Alba, Ente Rood, Mirjam I Bakker, Masja Straetemans, Philippe Glaziou, Charalampos Sismanidis
Background: Nationally representative tuberculosis (TB) prevalence surveys provide invaluable empirical measurements of TB burden but are a massive and complex undertaking. Therefore, methods that capitalize on data from these surveys are both attractive and imperative. The aim of this study was to use existing TB prevalence estimates to develop and validate an ecological predictive statistical model to indirectly estimate TB prevalence in low- and middle-income countries without survey data...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124852/effects-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-incident-parkinson-s-disease-in-ontario-2001-to-2013-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Saeha Shin, Richard T Burnett, Jeffrey C Kwong, Perry Hystad, Aaron van Donkelaar, Jeffrey R Brook, Ray Copes, Karen Tu, Mark S Goldberg, Paul J Villeneuve, Randall V Martin, Brian J Murray, Andrew S Wilton, Alexander Kopp, Hong Chen
Background: Despite recent studies linking air pollution to neurodegenerative illness, evidence relating air pollution and Parkinson's disease (PD) remains scarce. We conducted a population-based cohort study in Ontario, Canada, to determine the association between air pollution and incident PD. Methods: Using health administrative databases, we identified all adults aged 55-85 years, free of PD, and who lived in Ontario on 1 April 2001 (∼2.2 million). Individuals were followed up until 31 March 2013...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124847/ahr-gene-dioxin-interactions-and-birthweight-in-the-seveso-second-generation-health-study
#20
Jennifer Ames, Marcella Warner, Paolo Mocarelli, Paolo Brambilla, Stefano Signorini, Claudia Siracusa, Karen Huen, Nina Holland, Brenda Eskenazi
Background: 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is proposed to interfere with fetal growth via altered activity of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (protein: AHR; gene: AHR) pathway which regulates diverse biological and developmental processes including xenobiotic metabolism. Genetic variation in AHR is an important driver of susceptibility to low birthweight in children exposed to prenatal smoking, but less is known about these genetic interactions with TCDD, AHR's most potent xenobiotic ligand...
August 14, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
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