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Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology

Maurice A Recanati, Katherine J Kramer, John J Maggio, Conrad R Chao
Condyloma Acuminatum is a sexually transmitted viral disease caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). It is the most common viral sexually transmitted disease. In this randomized controlled trial, cantharidin was found to be more effective and better tolerated than trichloroacetic acid for the treatment of these lesions. Patients treated with cantharidin healed with less scarring than those treated with TCA (P<0.034), had less pain during treatment (P<0.01), and required fewer treatments to eradicate warts (P<0...
2018: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
W Gong, L Liang, D G Zheng, R S Zhong, Y X Zhu, Y J Wen
PURPOSE: Fetal immature mediastinal teratoma is a rare disease. The pressure generated by the tumor mass can cause hydrops fetalis, pulmonary hypoplasia, pleural and peritoneal effusion, and polyhydramnios which cause the death of the fetus. Routine prenatal ultrasound has enabled accurate diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors report a 26-year-old patient, gravida 4 para 1, who was referred to this hospital, carrying a fetus with immature mediastinal teratoma...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
J Fu, X D Wang, H Luo, X H Liu, H Y Yu
The authors report management of a woman with an acardiac twin pregnancy complicated by preterm premature rupture of the membrane (PPROM) for more than two months after intrauterine treatment with bipolar cord coagulation at 24 weeks of gestation.
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
E Rodriguez, J O Zamora, I R Monfort, L Rubert, S Fuster, V Diago, A Perales
The authors present a case of complete hydatidiform mole and coexisting fetus (CHMCF) in which mole gestation caused a placenta previa; with a posterior preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and ending in the 28h week of gestation due to acute chorioamnionitis, obtaining a live preterm newborn.
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Y Aoki, J Kumakiri, A Itakura, I Kikuchi, N Takahashi, T Satoru
BACKGROUND: To report the life-threatening complication of a raptured heterotopic pregnancy occurring from thawed single embryo transfer. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old woman underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) under a step-up regimen. After oocyte collection, blastocysts were frozen, and a single frozen-thawed blastocyst was then transferred according to the natural cycle. On day 17 after embryo transfer, an intrauterine pregnancy was confirmed. On day 28, she complained of sudden abdominal pain and ultrasonography revealed marked fluid retention in the peritoneal cavity...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
B Lv, S T Zhou, H L Peng, H W Ma, Y Wu, X Zhao
Ectopic pregnancy is defined as dislocation of a fertilized ovum anywhere other than in the cavity of uterus. Generally, the common site for dislocation is within fallopian tube, accounting for 95.5% of all ectopic gestations. Abdominal pregnancy is rare with a potentially life-threatening variation that resides within peritoneal cavity and the primary splenic pregnancy is even rarer. This report describes a patient with primary splenic pregnancy, who was successfully managed after splenectomy.
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
M Bawahab, G Alshumrani, M Al-Shraim, M Eskandar, A Shaamash
Isolatd descended inguinal ovary is a rarity, but it should be considered as a differential diagnosis of an inguinal mass at any age; in particular during female infancy and up to adulthood. Herein the authors report a case of asymptomatic isolated left descended inguinal ovary, with ipsilateral left ectopic pelvic kidney that was accidentally discovered a few years after menarche.
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
S Raspopovic, D Natalic, V Miketic
Primary benign and malign pericardial ind heart tumors are very rare (0.002-0.03%). Benign tumors of heart and pericardium are more frequent (myxoma, rhabdomyoma, lipoma, and papillary fibroelastoma of endocardium: 70% of all primary tumors). Because of low frequency, clinicians rarely and hardly diagnose these types of tumors. The affected patients wander from one healthcare center to another, usually with misleading diagnosis, such as cardiomyopathy or mitral stenosis. Pericardial and cardiac tumors cause pressure to surrounding structures...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
A A Rouzi, A Almarzouki, F Tallab, L Ashkar
PURPOSE: To report a case of ruptured uterus in the first trimester with the use of misoprostol for early pregnancy tailure in a woman with unrecognized cesarean section scar pregnancy. CASE: A 27-year-old woman, gravida 5 para 3+1, presented with abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding. Transvaginal ultrasonography revealed a fetus without fetal heart activity at nine weeks gestation, making the diagnosis of early pregnancy failure. Her previous deliveries were by cesarean section...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
K Beksac, A Konan, V Kaynaroglu
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the standard procedure of choice for the provision of enteral nutrition in children who require long-term nutritional support. Removal of gastric tubes has a risk of causing gastrocutaneous fistula and this complication is dealt within childhood. The authors report a 34-year old woman who had a PEG procedure at the age of four years due to caustic esophageal injury and recovered without incident. Thirty years later she becomes pregnant and as her pregnancy progresses, her former fistula opening becomes more obvious and at the 34'h week of the pregnancy she' presents to the hospital with fistula...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
H Jang, E K Park, D S Han, C J Kim, Y S Lee
The present authors describe an uncommon case of iatrogenic bladder stone formation in a patient who underwent surgery for pelvic organ prolapse. A female patient who underwent high uterosacral ligament suspension ten years ago presented with pyuria and irritable bladder symptoms that did not respond to treatment. She had not experienced any specific urinary symptoms during the previous ten years. Patient evaluation revealed bladder stone formation on the non-absorbable suture material used during the previous operation...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
F Cavide Sonmez, P Yildiz, T Kiran, D Sema Arici, R Dansuk
A 38-year-old female patient experienced groin pain; ultrasound imaging revealed a dermoid cystic mass in the right ovary and a cystectomy was then performed. Unusually, a mature cerebellum is found in the cyst wall. The pathological diagnosis was 'mature cystic teratoma with well-differentiated cerebral and cerebellar tissue'. Glial tissue is a common neural component of teratomas, but a cerebellum is extremely rare in mature ovarian cystic teratomas. The authors report the case because of its rare component; they acknowledge that a cystic teratoma is the most common neoplasm of ovarian germ cells...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
C Hayashi, F Chishima, K Matsumoto, E Kato, K Shinya, T Nakao, Nakamura A, T Yamamoto
Preservation of fertility has been recommended for cancer-bearing patients of reproductive age before undergoing cancer treatment. However, there are many considerations and it is difficult to preserve fertility for all patients undergoing therapy for malignancies. Female cancer survivors had lower pregnancy and live birth rates compared with others that underwent assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). We should continue to consider the issue of infertility in patients who underwent therapies for malignancies...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
N B Mulchandani, J J Jauregui, R Abraham, E Seger, E Illica
INTRODUCTION: Pubic symphysis diastasis during pregnancy is a rare complication which can present as pain with ambulation, urinary dysfunction, and pelvic instability. A consensus treatment does not currently exist between surgical and conservative management. The authors present a case of severe pubic diastasis which was successfully treated using a conservative pelvic binder. CASE REPORT: A 31-year-old female presented with severe lower back pain following the uneventful delivery of her fourth child...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
H Q Chen, S H Zou, J B Yang, Y Zhang, J Cai, Z I Wang
A case of a woman with twin pregnancy having placenta percreta involving the colon, showed hematochezia symptoms, experienced bleeding which caused the patient's mortality. Placenta percreta with bowel involvement is a very serious complication of pregnancy. Symptoms are very atypical and it is very difficult to diagnose.
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
S Kaku, S Tsuji, T Ono, F Kimura, T Murakami
A 27-year-old woman with complete placenta previa was referred at 22 weeks of gestation because of vaginal bleeding and fetal growth restriction. At 24 weeks, sudden fetal death occurred, but bleeding continued and transvaginal sonography revealed abundant periplacental blood flow in the uterine wall. To avoid cesarean section, the authors performed uterine artery embolization (UAE) be- fore vaginal delivery of the fetus. Subsequently, there was little bleeding when laminaria was inserted for cervical ripening and the fetus was delivered vaginally by using vaginal gemeprost...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
A Eser, D Hizli, M Namuslu, H Haltas, N Kosus, A Kosus, H Kafali
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: To determine the protective effect of curcumin on ovarian reserve in a rat ischemia model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty female Albino rats were randomly divided into two groups by time of unilateral, left ovary ischemia/reperfusion (group 1: two-hour ischemia / two-hour reperfusion; group 2: four-hour ischemia / four-hour reperfusion). Each group was subdivided into three subgroups, sham, control, and curcumin (intraperitoneal curcumin (200 mg/kg) simultaneously with reperfusion)...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Na Lei, Zhaohua Tian
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) on immune system of neonate. Materials and Methods Sixty neonates whose mothers suffered from PIH were selected and divided into preeclampsia group (n=28) and gestational hyperten sion (GH) group (n=32) according to severity of mother's condition. Thirty neonates having healthy mothers were enrolled as control group. The base clinical characteristics of neonates were collected and umbilical vein blood was drawn to detect the distribution of lymphocyte antigen, immune globulin, and complement level...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
N Ozturk, I Gozukara, Z Kamalak, M A Gul, Z Bayraktutan, N K Baygutalp, A Kiziltunc, E Bakan, Karakilic E U
AIM: In this study, the authors aimed to determine the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin-l (ang-1) and angiopoietin-2 (ang-2) factors as indicators of placental angiogenesis and vasculogenesis in abortion cases. Materials and Meth- ods: This study was conducted in 40 women who were pregnant for 7-20 weeks and diagnosed with an incipient abortion and 40 pregnant healthy women with similar ages, gestational weeks, and body mass index (BMI) values. Serum VEGF, ang-1, and ang-2 levels were measured with ELISA methods...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
R Aviram, A Aviram, S O Gvili, Y Zimmer, A Shulman, R Tepper
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate an algorithm for computerized evaluation and measurement of the endometrial-myometrial junction (EMJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The advanced image processing toolbox of the Matlab software package was used for identificiation and quantitative analysis of the EMJ area on three-dimensional (3D) rendered coronal plane uterine images, with clear-cut borders of the EMJ. The algorithm was used to process the images and calculate the geometric parameters characterizing the identified EM The manual measurements of the maximum thickness of the EMJ were compared to automated measurements performed by the algorithm on the same images...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
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