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Journal of Pediatric Psychology

Kaitlyn Fladeboe, Kyrill Gurtovenko, Madelaine Keim, Joy Kawamura, Kevin M King, Debra L Friedman, Bruce E Compas, David Breiger, Liliana J Lengua, Lynn Fainsilber Katz
Objective:  When a child is diagnosed with cancer, problems may arise in family relationships and negatively affect child adjustment. The current study examined patterns of spillover between marital and parent-child relationships to identify targets for intervention aimed at ameliorating family conflict. Method:  Families (N = 117) were recruited from two US children's hospitals within 2-week postdiagnosis to participate in a short-term prospective longitudinal study...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Emily O Wakefield, Ashley Pantaleao, Jill M Popp, Lourdes P Dale, James P Santanelli, Mark D Litt, William T Zempsky
Objectives: Sickle cell disease (SCD) predominately affects Black Americans. This is the first study of its kind to describe the racial bias experiences of youth with SCD and their reactions to these experiences. Methods: Participants were 20 youth with SCD (ages 13-21 years) who were asked to describe any racial bias events they experienced, as recorded on the Perception of Racism in Children and Youth measure (PRaCY). Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed by two independent raters using a conventional content analysis approach...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Cyd K Eaton, Ana M Gutierrez-Colina, Lauren F Quast, Rochelle Liverman, Jennifer L Lee, Laura L Mee, Bonney Reed-Knight, Grace Cushman, Gloria Chiang, Rene Romero, Chad Mao, Rouba Garro, Ronald L Blount
Objective: To (a) examine levels of medication nonadherence in adolescent and young adult (AYA) solid organ transplant recipients based on AYA- and caregiver proxy-reported nonadherence to different medication types and the medication-level variability index (MLVI) for tacrolimus, and (b) examine associations of adherence barriers and AYA and caregiver emotional distress symptoms with reported nonadherence and the MLVI. Method: The sample included 47 AYAs (M age = 16...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Cristan Farmer, Margo Thienemann, Collin Leibold, Gabrielle Kamalani, Bethany Sauls, Jennifer Frankovich
Objectives: To establish the psychometric properties of the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) in patients with Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), which is characterized by the abrupt onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder and/or restricted eating and at least two additional psychiatric symptoms. Parents of patients with PANS have reported high caregiver burden. However, no validated instrument of burden exists for this population. Methods: Study took place at a community-based PANS clinic where the CBI is administered as part of routine clinical care...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Colleen Stiles-Shields, Grayson N Holmbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Anne E Kazak, Wei-Ting Hwang, Fang Fang Chen, Martha A Askins, Olivia Carlson, Francisco Argueta-Ortiz, Lamia P Barakat
Objective: Family psychosocial risk screening is an important initial step in delivering evidence-based care. The Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) is a brief parent report screener based on the trilevel Pediatric Psychosocial Preventative Health Model (PPPHM; Universal, Targeted, Clinical). The current article validates a revised PAT (version 3.0) in pediatric oncology that includes new items (for families of younger patients; clinically relevant risk items) and applicable to broad health literacy levels (a 4th grade reading level)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Katherine B Bevans, William Gardner, Kathleen A Pajer, Brandon Becker, Adam Carle, Carole A Tucker, Christopher B Forrest
Objective: To provide psychometric evaluation of the PROMIS® Pediatric Psychological and Physical Stress Experiences measures. Methods: Across two studies, Psychological and Physical Stress Experiences items were administered to 2,875 children aged 8-17 years and 2,212 parents of children aged 5-17 years. Analyses included descriptive statistics, reliability, factor analysis, differential item functioning (DIF), and assessment of construct validity. Items were calibrated using item response theory to estimate item parameters representative of the United States...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Kaitlyn Fladeboe, Kevin King, Joy Kawamura, Kyrill Gurtovenko, Nicole Stettler, Bruce Compas, Debra Friedman, Liliana Lengua, David Breiger, Lynn Fainsilber Katz
Objective: The current study examined the effect of stress on sibling conflict during the first year of pediatric cancer treatment. Method: Families (N = 103) included a child with cancer (aged 2-17 years, Mage = 6.46, SD = 3.52) and at least one sibling aged <5 years of the child with cancer (Mage = 8.34, SD = 5.61). Primary caregivers completed monthly questionnaires throughout the first year of treatment assessing five sources of stress (i...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Daniel P Dickstein, Annmarie E MacNamara, K Luan Phan, Setareh O'Brien, Daniel Le Grange, Jennifer O Fisher, Sarah Keedy
Objective: Neural substrates of loss of control (LOC) eating are undercharacterized. We aimed to model intermittent access to food to elicit disinhibited eating in youth undergoing neuroimaging, given evidence that restricted food access may increase subsequent food intake via enhancing reward value of food and diminishing eating-related self-control. Methods: Participants were 18 preadolescents (aged 9-12 years) who were overweight/obese with recent LOC eating (OW-LOC; n = 6); overweight/obese with no history of LOC eating (OW-CON; n = 5); or non-overweight with no history of LOC eating (NW-CON; n = 7)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Christina E Holbein, Aimee W Smith, James Peugh, Avani C Modi
Objectives: To describe allocation of treatment responsibility (ATR) in adolescents with epilepsy, investigate associations between cognitive skills and ATR, and examine whether ATR for antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) predicted electronically monitored adherence. Method: Sixty adolescents with epilepsy and their caregivers completed the Allocation of Treatment Responsibility Scale and a battery of self-report measures. Medical chart review data and electronically monitored AED adherence were collected for 1 year...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Alexa Stern, Colleen F Bechtel Driscoll, Diana Ohanian, Grayson N Holmbeck
Objective: Given the increased risk for cognitive deficits and development of depressive symptoms in youth with spina bifida (SB), this study aimed to examine two pathways through which depressive symptoms and neuropsychological dysfunction may be associated with medical autonomy in this population: (1) depressive symptoms as predictors of medical autonomy as mediated by attention/executive functioning (the cognitive scarring model), and (2) attention/executive functioning as predictors of medical autonomy as mediated by depressive symptoms (the cognitive vulnerability model)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Barbara Arfé, Maria Montanaro, Elena Mottura, Michele Scaltritti, Renzo Manara, Giuseppe Basso, Laura Sainati, Raffaella Colombatti
Language deficits in multilingual children with sickle cell disease (SCD) are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that selective language deficits in this population could relate to an impaired frontal lobe functioning often associated with high-risk homozygous HbS disease (HbSS). In all, 32 children from immigrant communities with HbSS SCD aged 6 to 12 years (mean age = 9.03, n = 9 with silent infarcts) and 35 demographically matched healthy controls (mean age = 9.14) were tested on their naming skills, phonological and semantic fluency, attention, and selected executive functions (response inhibition and planning skills)...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Canan Karatekin, Brandon Almy, Susan Marshall Mason, Iris Borowsky, Andrew Barnes
To examine in detail the health-care utilization patterns of maltreated children, we studied electronic health records (EHRs) of children assigned maltreatment-related codes in a large medical system. We compared youth with maltreatment-related diagnoses (N = 406) with those of well-matched youth (N = 406). Data were based on EHRs during a 4-year period from the University of Minnesota's Clinical Data Repository, which covers eight hospitals and over 40 clinics across Minnesota. A primary care provider (PCP) was assigned to over 80% of youth in both groups...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Lea E Taylor, Wendy R Kates, Wanda Fremont, Kevin M Antshel
Background: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a common microdeletion syndrome associated with a variety of negative health, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. 22q11DS is comorbid with many psychiatric disorders including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current study aimed to investigate the cognitive, behavioral, and functional outcomes that a childhood ADHD diagnosis predicts to in adulthood. Methods: This longitudinal study followed 52 individuals with 22q11DS over 9 years...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Katie Cochrane, Kathryn Whitlock, Abby R Rosenberg, Michael Pascual, Natalie Beauregard, Connor Mitrovich, Neil Panlasigui, Catherine Pihoker
Objectives: Our aims were to describe stress trajectories for newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes (T1D) in adolescents and their parents, explore whether resilience is associated with stress trajectories, and to examine the effects of stress trajectories on diabetes-specific outcomes. Methods: Fifty-nine youth aged 10-18 years with newly diagnosed T1D and a primary caregiver were followed for 12 months. Stress and resilience were assessed using questionnaires every 3 months, and diabetes-specific outcomes (self-care, quality of life, and hemoglobin A1C) at 6 and 12 months...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Bridget Armstrong, Maureen M Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Jamie L Jackson, Gina M Gerardo, Jennifer D Monti, Kyle A Schofield, Kathryn Vannatta
Executive functioning deficits have been documented among congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors and may contribute to emotional distress. Little research has investigated the role of coping in this association. This study examined the role of coping in accounting for the association between self-reported executive function problems and internalizing symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults (AEAs), as well as young adults (YAs) with CHD. Participants included 74 AEA ( M age  = 19.32  ±  3.47 years, range 15-25 years) and 98 YA CHD survivors ( M age  = 32...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Estefany Saez-Flores, Niza A Tonarely, David H Barker, Alexandra L Quittner
Objective: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a widely used screening measure of anxiety and depression symptoms. However, prior analyses of the measure have found heterogeneous factor structures and called into question its ability to differentiate between symptoms of anxiety and depression. As part of efforts to implement mental health screening in cystic fibrosis (CF) care, the European Cystic Fibrosis Society (ECFS) and Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) conducted an international survey of 1,454 CF professionals...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Nicholas I Goldenson, Rubin Khoddam, Matthew D Stone, Adam M Leventhal
Objective: Recently, use of alternative tobacco products, such as electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and hookah (water-pipe tobacco), has increased among adolescents. It is unknown whether attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are associated with initiation of alternative tobacco product use. Methods: Ninth grade high school students who never used any tobacco product at baseline (N = 1,921) participated in a longitudinal survey from 2014 to 2015...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Maria Pavlova, Melanie Noel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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