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Journal of Pediatric Psychology

Alexandra M Psihogios, Caitlin Murray, Kathy Zebracki, Laura Acevedo, Grayson N Holmbeck
OBJECTIVES : The present longitudinal, multi-method, and multi-informant study examined biological, neuropsychological, and social predictors of medical adherence and responsibility among early adolescents with spina bifida (SB). METHODS : Youth with SB (M age = 11.40 at Time 1) and their parents and teachers completed surveys, and families and peers completed observational assessments, at two biennial data collection time points (n = 112 for both time points). Multinomial logistic regressions tested predictors of group membership (adherent vs...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Nour Al Ghriwati, Marcia A Winter, Robin S Everhart
OBJECTIVE : Identify profiles of functioning in families of children with asthma and examine whether profile membership predicts subsequent child mental and physical well-being. METHODS : Primary caregivers and children (N = 1,030) from the Childhood Asthma Management Program completed questionnaires assessing family functioning and child adaptation at five time points. Asthma severity was also assessed via spirometry. RESULTS : Latent profile analyses identified a four-profile solution as best fitting the data: cohesive, permissive, controlling/disengaged, and controlling/enmeshed families...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Anna W Wright, Makeda Austin, Carolyn Booth, Wendy Kliewer
OBJECTIVE : To systematically review the evidence for associations between exposure to community violence and physical health outcomes in children and adolescents. METHODS : A thorough search of multiple online databases and careful consideration of inclusion and exclusion criteria yielded a final 28 studies for detailed review. In addition to review of findings, studies were rated on overall quality based on study design. RESULTS : Seven categories of physical health outcomes emerged, including asthma/respiratory health, cardiovascular health, immune functioning, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning, sleep problems, weight, and a general health category...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Martin Pinquart
OBJECTIVE : To compare levels of victimization and perpetration associated with bullying among children and adolescents with and without chronic physical illnesses and/or physical or sensory disabilities. METHODS : In total, 107 studies were identified using a systematic search in electronic databases and cross-referencing. A random-effects meta-analysis was computed. RESULTS : Children and adolescents with chronic physical illness or disability were more likely to be victims of bullying in general (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Christina R Studts, Jodi Polaha, Michiel A van Zyl
OBJECTIVE : Efficient identification and referral to behavioral services are crucial in addressing early-onset disruptive behavior problems. Existing screening instruments for preschoolers are not ideal for pediatric primary care settings serving diverse populations. Eighteen candidate items for a new brief screening instrument were examined to identify those exhibiting measurement bias (i.e., differential item functioning, DIF) by child characteristics. METHOD : Parents/guardians of preschool-aged children (N = 900) from four primary care settings completed two full-length behavioral rating scales...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Chad D Jensen, Kara M Duraccio, Kaylie A Carbine, Kimberly A Barnett, C Brock Kirwan
OBJECTIVE : To examine associations between motivational impact of palatable foods and neural activity in brain regions involved in inhibitory control among adolescents. METHODS : Thirty-four adolescents aged 14-20 years underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while viewing images of high- and low-energy foods. Participants completed the Power of Food Scale (PFS). Whole-brain analyses of variance tested for neural activation differences and correlations between brain activation and PFS scores were tested...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Barbara A Morrongiello, Sharon Hou, Melissa Bell, Kathryn Walton, A Jordan Filion, Jess Haines
OBJECTIVE : The individually delivered Supervising for Home Safety (SHS) program improves caregivers' injury-related beliefs and supervision practices. The current randomized controlled trial used a group delivery in a community setting and assessed program impact, feasibility, and acceptance. METHODS : Caregivers of 2-5-year-olds were randomized to receive either the SHS or an attention-matched control program. RESULTS : In the SHS group only, there were increases from baseline to postintervention in the following: beliefs about children's vulnerability to injury, caregiver preventability of injuries, and self-efficacy to do so; readiness for change in supervision; and watchful supervision Face-to-face recruitment by staff at community organizations proved most successful...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Tarrah B Mitchell, Ric G Steele
OBJECTIVE : To examine longitudinal, bidirectional associations between disordered eating and physical/psychosocial health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a nonclinical community sample of elementary school-age youth.  METHODS : Participants included 130 children between the ages of 7 and 10 years (M age = 8.62). Disordered eating and physical/psychosocial HRQOL were assessed using self-report measures at three time points. The potential bidirectional associations were examined using a longitudinal panel model...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Emily F Law, Jessica L Fales, Sarah E Beals-Erickson, Alessandro Failo, Deirdre Logan, Edin Randall, Karen Weiss, Lindsay Durkin, Tonya M Palermo
OBJECTIVE : To adapt problem-solving skills training (PSST) for parents of children receiving intensive pain rehabilitation and evaluate treatment feasibility, acceptability, and satisfaction. METHODS : Using a prospective single-arm case series design, we evaluated the feasibility of delivering PSST to 26 parents (84.6% female) from one of three pediatric pain rehabilitation programs. Parents completed four to six sessions of PSST delivered during a 2-4-week period. A mixed-methods approach was used to assess treatment acceptability and satisfaction...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Katherine M Kidwell, Timothy D Nelson, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Kimberly Andrews Espy
OBJECTIVE : To examine maternal and child internalizing symptoms as predictors of early adolescent emotional eating in a longitudinal framework spanning three critical developmental periods (preschool, elementary school, and early adolescence). METHODS : Participants were 170 children recruited at preschool age for a longitudinal study. When children were 5.25 years, their mothers completed ratings of their own internalizing symptoms. During the spring of 4th grade, children completed measures of internalizing symptoms...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Kelly C Byars, Stacey L Simon, James Peugh, Dean W Beebe
OBJECTIVES : Evaluate psychometric properties of the Pediatric Insomnia Severity Index (PISI), a brief measure of insomnia severity.  METHODS:  Clinically referred youth (n = 462; 283 males, 179 females, mean age = 7.28 ± 2.05 years) and their caregiver(s) completed sleep evaluation including the PISI, Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire, and sleep disorders inventory for students. Tests of reliability and validity and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted to assess PISI psychometric properties...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Marissa A Gowey, Heather Austin, Kevin C Smith, Dana L Rofey, Todd M Jenkins, Beth H Garland, Meg H Zeller
OBJECTIVE : To examine the associations of peer victimization with internalizing symptoms, externalizing symptoms, social competence, and academic performance in a clinical sample of adolescents with severe obesity, and whether self-worth and social support affect these associations. METHODS : Multisite cross-sectional data from 139 adolescents before weight loss surgery (Mage = 16.9; 79.9% female, 66.2% White; MBody Mass Index [BMI] = 51.5 kg/m(2)) and 83 nonsurgical comparisons (Mage = 16.1; 81.9% female, 54...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Marieke Van Schoors, Line Caes, Naomi B Knoble, Liesbet Goubert, Lesley L Verhofstadt, Melissa A Alderfer
OBJECTIVES : A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to investigate associations between family functioning and child adjustment (patient/siblings) after pediatric cancer diagnosis. METHODS : Database searches were performed using Web of Science, Pubmed, Cochrane, PsycInfo, and Embase. After screening 5,563 articles, 35 were identified regarding this topic; 30 contributed data for meta-analyses. Pearson's r correlations were the effect of interest. Omnibus and family functioning domain-specific random-effects meta-analyses were conducted...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Megan E Narad, Keith O Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE : Examine differences in maternal and paternal coping and distress following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and orthopedic injuries (OI).  METHOD : Concurrent cohort/prospective design with five assessments between 1 and an average of 7 years after injury of children aged 3-6 years hospitalized for TBI (n = 87) or OI (n = 119). Mixed models analyses were used to examine hypotheses. RESULTS : Overall, fathers reported greater depression and general distress than mothers 18 months after injury, but not at long-term follow-up...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
W Douglas Tynan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Cynthia A Gerhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Despina Stavrinos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Michael C Roberts
This article reflects on service contributions upon receiving the 2016 Society of Pediatric Psychology Wright Ross Salk Distinguished Service Award. As the title implies, worker bees make service contributions for the overall benefit of the hive and colony. So too, the scientific discipline, clinical profession, and the Society of Pediatric Psychology need the service contributions of multiple individuals to survive and thrive. Many people have made professional contributions to benefit the field and its organizational home; many more worker bees will volunteer in the future to fill important service roles and sustain the hive...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
John V Lavigne
Interest in providing integrated psychological and medical services in pediatric primary care is growing rapidly. Efforts to incorporate psychological services into primary care settings are leading to new models and innovative approaches to evaluation and treatment in a variety of settings. Presently, there is a need to expand the empirical base for such work and to critically evaluate what is being done. The introduction to this special section discusses some of the background for the development of integrated care, and provides some context for the articles that follow...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Kathryn W Hoffses, Lisa Y Ramirez, Louise Berdan, Rachel Tunick, Sarah Morsbach Honaker, Tawnya J Meadows, Laura Shaffer, Paul M Robins, Lynne Sturm, Terry Stancin
OBJECTIVES : In the midst of large-scale changes across our nation's health care system, including the Affordable Care Act and Patient-Centered Medical Home initiatives, integrated primary care models afford important opportunities for those in the field of pediatric psychology. Despite the extensive and growing attention, this subspecialty has received in recent years, a comprehensive set of core professional competencies has not been established. METHODS : A subset of an Integrated Primary Care Special Interest Group used two well-established sets of core competencies in integrated primary care and pediatric psychology as a basis to develop a set of integrated pediatric primary care-specific behavioral anchors...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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