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Journal of Pediatric Psychology

Maru Barrera, Alexandra Neville, Laura Purdon, Kelly Hancock
Objective: This qualitative substudy aimed to investigate the outcomes of sibling group interventions from the perspective of siblings of children with cancer and their caregivers. Method: Siblings were randomized to receive the Siblings Coping Together intervention (SibCT) or attention control (CG). In all, 30 participants, 18 siblings (average age = 11.89 years, 9 CG and 9 SibCT) and 12 caregivers (4 CG and 8 SibCT), were interviewed following group participation...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Kelsey B Borner, Tarrah B Mitchell, Jane S Gray, Ann M Davis, Stephen J Pont, Brooke R Sweeney, Sarah Hampl, Meredith L Dreyer Gillette
Objective: Latino youth are disproportionately affected by pediatric obesity and consequently experience impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Although many caregivers of Latino youth do not speak English fluently, no validated Spanish translations of obesity-specific HRQOL measures exist for this population. Therefore, non-English-speaking Latino parents have typically been excluded from analyses related to HRQOL. This study assesses the factor structure of a Spanish translation of a parent-report measure of obesity-specific HRQOL, Sizing Them Up, in a treatment-seeking sample of children with obesity...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Luke K Turnier, Avani C Modi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Meghan E McGrady, Mark H Eckman, Maureen M O'Brien, Ahna L H Pai
Objective: Improving medication adherence among children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) has the potential to reduce relapse rates but requires an investment in resources. An economic evaluation is needed to understand the potential costs and benefits of delivering adherence-promotion interventions (APIs) as part of standard clinical care. Methods: A Markov decision analytic model was used to simulate the potential incremental cost-effectiveness per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) to be gained from an API for children with B-ALL in first continuous remission compared with treatment as usual (TAU, no intervention)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Katharine C Reynolds, Julie Boergers, Sheryl J Kopel, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell
Objective: Common comorbid medical conditions including allergic rhinitis (AR), obesity, and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) have been linked with asthma exacerbations; however, these conditions also impact sleep and academic functioning. The current study sought to examine unique and combined associations of these common comorbidities on sleep and academic performance among urban minority children with persistent asthma. We expected additional comorbid diagnoses would be associated with poorer sleep and academic functioning...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Justin D Caouette, Karen A Hudson, Angela D Bryan, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
Objective: To reduce rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancy among adolescents, it is critical to investigate brain connectivity that may underlie adolescents' sexual health decision-making in the context of intercourse. This study explored relationships between adolescent condom use frequency and the brain's resting-state functional connectivity, to identify differential patterns of social-affective processing among sexually active youth. Methods: In this study, N = 143 sexually active adolescents (68...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Martina Franchini, Daniela Zöller, Edouard Gentaz, Bronwyn Glaser, Hilary Wood de Wilde, Nada Kojovic, Stephan Eliez, Marie Schaer
Background: In preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom, severity has a negative impact on the development of adaptive functioning, with critical consequences on the quality of life of those children. Developmental features such as reduced social interest or the presence of behavioral problems can further impede daily life learning experiences. Objectives: The first aim of this study is to confirm the negative impact of high symptom severity on adaptive functioning trajectories in preschoolers with ASD...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Patrick J McGrath
I never intended to become a scientist. My career developed on the basis of chance happenings, repeated failure, the willingness to take risks and the acceptance and provision of mentoring. My career has included periods of difficulty and shifted back and forth between academic health centers and universities in Canada. Although I have been amply recognized for my successes, my greatest learning has come from my failures. My greatest satisfaction has been in the development, evaluation and dissemination of interventions...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Steven J Hardy, Sarah E Bills, Shane M Wise, Kristina K Hardy
Objective: Complications that can arise from sickle cell disease (SCD) have the potential to negatively affect health-related quality of life (HRQL). SCD manifests in varying degrees of severity, but effects on HRQL are not uniform. Cognitive abilities influence HRQL in other pediatric groups, potentially through variability in treatment adherence and psychological coping. This study examined the effect of SCD severity on HRQL and explored cognitive abilities as a moderator of this relationship...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Kristin A Long, Emily M Pariseau, Anna C Muriel, Andrea Chu, Anne E Kazak, Melissa A Alderfer
Objective: Although many siblings experience distress after a child's cancer diagnosis, their psychosocial functioning is seldom assessed in clinical oncology settings. One barrier to systematic sibling screening is the lack of a validated, sibling-specific screening instrument. Thus, this study developed sibling-specific screening modules in English and Spanish for the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT), a well-validated screener of family psychosocial risk. Methods: A purposive sample of English- and Spanish-speaking parents of children with cancer (N = 29) completed cognitive interviews to provide in-depth feedback on the development of the new PAT sibling modules...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Ann Lantagne, Robin L Peterson, Michael W Kirkwood, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Keith Owen Yeates, Shari L Wade
Objective: The present study sought to examine adolescents' perceptions of their interpersonal stressors and resources across parent, sibling, friend, and school relationships, and the longitudinal associations with self-reported adjustment after traumatic brain injury (TBI) over a 12-month period. Methods: We examined the main effects of stressors and resources on internalizing and externalizing symptoms in 152 adolescents who had sustained complicated mild-to-severe TBI...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Kaitlyn Fladeboe, Kyrill Gurtovenko, Madelaine Keim, Joy Kawamura, Kevin M King, Debra L Friedman, Bruce E Compas, David Breiger, Liliana J Lengua, Lynn Fainsilber Katz
Objective:  When a child is diagnosed with cancer, problems may arise in family relationships and negatively affect child adjustment. The current study examined patterns of spillover between marital and parent-child relationships to identify targets for intervention aimed at ameliorating family conflict. Method:  Families (N = 117) were recruited from two US children's hospitals within 2-week postdiagnosis to participate in a short-term prospective longitudinal study...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Emily O Wakefield, Ashley Pantaleao, Jill M Popp, Lourdes P Dale, James P Santanelli, Mark D Litt, William T Zempsky
Objectives: Sickle cell disease (SCD) predominately affects Black Americans. This is the first study of its kind to describe the racial bias experiences of youth with SCD and their reactions to these experiences. Methods: Participants were 20 youth with SCD (ages 13-21 years) who were asked to describe any racial bias events they experienced, as recorded on the Perception of Racism in Children and Youth measure (PRaCY). Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed by two independent raters using a conventional content analysis approach...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Cyd K Eaton, Ana M Gutierrez-Colina, Lauren F Quast, Rochelle Liverman, Jennifer L Lee, Laura L Mee, Bonney Reed-Knight, Grace Cushman, Gloria Chiang, Rene Romero, Chad Mao, Rouba Garro, Ronald L Blount
Objective: To (a) examine levels of medication nonadherence in adolescent and young adult (AYA) solid organ transplant recipients based on AYA- and caregiver proxy-reported nonadherence to different medication types and the medication-level variability index (MLVI) for tacrolimus, and (b) examine associations of adherence barriers and AYA and caregiver emotional distress symptoms with reported nonadherence and the MLVI. Method: The sample included 47 AYAs (M age = 16...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Cristan Farmer, Margo Thienemann, Collin Leibold, Gabrielle Kamalani, Bethany Sauls, Jennifer Frankovich
Objectives: To establish the psychometric properties of the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) in patients with Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), which is characterized by the abrupt onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder and/or restricted eating and at least two additional psychiatric symptoms. Parents of patients with PANS have reported high caregiver burden. However, no validated instrument of burden exists for this population. Methods: Study took place at a community-based PANS clinic where the CBI is administered as part of routine clinical care...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Colleen Stiles-Shields, Grayson N Holmbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Anne E Kazak, Wei-Ting Hwang, Fang Fang Chen, Martha A Askins, Olivia Carlson, Francisco Argueta-Ortiz, Lamia P Barakat
Objective: Family psychosocial risk screening is an important initial step in delivering evidence-based care. The Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) is a brief parent report screener based on the trilevel Pediatric Psychosocial Preventative Health Model (PPPHM; Universal, Targeted, Clinical). The current article validates a revised PAT (version 3.0) in pediatric oncology that includes new items (for families of younger patients; clinically relevant risk items) and applicable to broad health literacy levels (a 4th grade reading level)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Katherine B Bevans, William Gardner, Kathleen A Pajer, Brandon Becker, Adam Carle, Carole A Tucker, Christopher B Forrest
Objective: To provide psychometric evaluation of the PROMIS® Pediatric Psychological and Physical Stress Experiences measures. Methods: Across two studies, Psychological and Physical Stress Experiences items were administered to 2,875 children aged 8-17 years and 2,212 parents of children aged 5-17 years. Analyses included descriptive statistics, reliability, factor analysis, differential item functioning (DIF), and assessment of construct validity. Items were calibrated using item response theory to estimate item parameters representative of the United States...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Kaitlyn Fladeboe, Kevin King, Joy Kawamura, Kyrill Gurtovenko, Nicole Stettler, Bruce Compas, Debra Friedman, Liliana Lengua, David Breiger, Lynn Fainsilber Katz
Objective: The current study examined the effect of stress on sibling conflict during the first year of pediatric cancer treatment. Method: Families (N = 103) included a child with cancer (aged 2-17 years, Mage = 6.46, SD = 3.52) and at least one sibling aged <5 years of the child with cancer (Mage = 8.34, SD = 5.61). Primary caregivers completed monthly questionnaires throughout the first year of treatment assessing five sources of stress (i...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Bridget Armstrong, Maureen M Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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