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Journal of Pediatric Psychology

David Whitsett, Martin F Sherman, Beth A Kotchick
Objective: Household food insecurity is common among U.S. families, and adolescents are almost twice as likely as school-aged children to be food insecure. However, little is known about how household food insecurity relates to adolescent behavioral outcomes over time. The purpose of this study was to examine whether food security status in early adolescence is associated with behavioral problems over a 6-year period in an ethnically diverse sample of teenagers from low-income households...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Julia K Carmody, Lee A Denson, Kevin A Hommel
Objective: The objective of this study was to systematically evaluate commercially available medication adherence apps for the inclusion of behavior change techniques (BCTs) and to conduct a usability analysis on a subset of apps with adolescents and young adults living with a chronic illness. Methods: Medication adherence apps were identified via a search of iTunes app store in August 2016. Seventy-five apps meeting initial inclusion criteria were independently coded by two researchers for the presence/absence of 26 BCTs...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Laura Hawkins, Luna C M Centifanti, Natalie Holman, Peter Taylor
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between factors: guilt, shame, self-compassion, and parents' psychological adjustment to their child's burn injury. Methods: Participants were 91 parents and primary caregivers (63 mothers, 25 fathers, 3 other) of 71 children recruited on the ward or at outpatient clinics during the first 8 weeks following their child's burn injury. In 20 cases, both parents participated, while for 51 children only one parent participated...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
David A Fedele, Andrew McConville, Jon Moon, J Graham Thomas
Objective: To present a guiding framework from the perspective of psychologists and technologists to develop effective mobile health (mHealth) interventions for pediatric populations. Methods: This topical review uses the IDEAS framework as an organizational method to summarize current strategies to conceptualize, design, evaluate, and disseminate mHealth interventions. Results: Incorporating theories of behavior change and feedback from target populations are essential when developing mHealth interventions...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Martin Pinquart
Objective:  Caring for children with chronic health conditions is associated with stressors that may impair mental health. The goal of our meta-analysis was to analyze depressive symptoms among parents who care for a child or adolescent with chronic physical disease and/or sensory disability and/or physical disability compared with parents of healthy children or test norms. Methods:  A systematic search through electronic databases identified 460 relevant studies that were included in a random-effects meta-analysis...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Catherine Morgan, Ingrid Honan, Abigail Allsop, Iona Novak, Nadia Badawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Meghan E Byrne, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Nichole M Kelly, Anne Claire Grammer, Manuela Jaramillo, Sarah J Mi, Monika M Stojek, Lisa M Shank, Natasha L Burke, Omni Cassidy, Natasha A Schvey, Sheila M Brady, Andrew P Demidowich, Miranda M Broadney, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
Objective:  Pediatric loss-of-control (LOC) eating is associated with, and predictive of, gains in adiposity and adverse metabolic outcomes. In addition, some preliminary data suggest that anxiety may exacerbate the relationship of LOC eating with weight and metabolic syndrome (MetS)-related measures. We therefore examined whether anxiety moderated the relationship between LOC eating and body mass index z (BMIz), adiposity, and MetS-related measures in youth. Methods:  A convenience sample of non-treatment-seeking boys and girls of varying weight strata were interviewed to determine the presence of LOC eating and completed a questionnaire assessing trait anxiety...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Kimberly L Klages, Rachel L Ankney, Kristoffer S Berlin, Mary E Keenan, Nicholas R Wood, Katherine Semenkovich, Tiffany J Rybak, Gabrielle G Banks, Anthony A Hains, Alicia M Diaz Thomas, Ramin Alemzadeh, Angelica R Eddington
Objective: The purpose of this study was to develop a short form of the Diabetes Stress Questionnaire (DSQ) with adequate psychometric properties (i.e., internal consistency, convergent, criterion, discriminant validity, construct validity, and measurement invariance). Methods: In total, 181 youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) completed the 65-item DSQ, and archival data were obtained from 142 youth with T1D to serve as an independent cross-validation sample. Twenty-four items were chosen to retain the original eight scales of the DSQ and to maximize internal consistency and correlations to full subscales...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Jeannette M Iskander, Beth Wildman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Constantino Flores-Reséndiz, Alexandra E Soto-Piña, Roxana Valdés-Ramos, Alejandra D Benítez-Arciniega, Patricia Tlatempa-Sotelo, Ana Laura Guadarrama-López, Beatriz E Martínez-Carrillo, Caroline C Pulido-Alvarado
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and stress hormones are associated with cognitive performance in Mexican adolescents. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 139 Mexican adolescents 10-14 years old. Participants were divided into three categories: 0, 1-2, and ≥3 CVD risk factors. These factors included: high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) <40 mg/dl; waist circumference (WC) ≥90th percentile for age and sex, systolic or diastolic blood pressure ≥90th percentile for age, sex, and height; and triacylglycerols (TGs) ≥110 mg/dl...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Veronica Dinaj-Koci, Bo Wang, Sylvie Naar-King, Karen Kolmodin MacDonell
Objective: The goal of the current study was to determine how a set of social cognitive factors predict antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication adherence in youth living with HIV in an era of newer highly active ART medications using a conceptual model. Methods: Behaviorally infected youth living with HIV ages 13-24 (N = 822) from 14 sites within the Adolescent Medicine Trials Unit (AMTU) were included in the study. Structural equation modeling was used to explore predictors of ART medication adherence...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Cyd K Eaton, Michelle N Eakin, Shayna Coburn, Cozumel S Pruette, Tammy M Brady, Barbara A Fivush, Susan Mendley, Shamir Tuchman, Kristin A Riekert
Objective: To investigate longitudinal associations of health beliefs, which included self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, and perceived barriers, and demographic risk factors (i.e., age, gender, race, and family income) with antihypertensive medication adherence in adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD) over 24 months. Method: The sample included 114 adolescents (M age = 15.03 years, SD = 2.44) diagnosed with CKD. Adolescents reported their self-efficacy for taking medications, medication outcome expectancies, and barriers to adherence at baseline and 12 and 24 months after baseline...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Amy Hughes Lansing, Maria Stoianova, Catherine Stanger
Objective: We previously tested via randomized controlled trial a novel intervention for adolescents with type 1 diabetes and above-target glycemic control that combined web-delivered incentives for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and brief web counseling with working memory training and parental contingency contracting training. Results showed improved SMBG and decreased glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. However, it has not been elucidated if improvements in SMBG mediated the immediate benefits of this treatment on HbA1c nor if this intensive intervention uniquely benefited a subgroup of adolescents with higher problems in emotional control...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Sasja A Schepers, Yuko Okado, Kathryn Russell, Alanna M Long, Sean Phipps
Objectives: Aims were to (1) determine whether the associations between parent psychological functioning and adjustment outcomes of childhood cancer survivors (CCS) were mediated by the parent-child relationship and (2) examine possible differences in pathways for CCS and healthy peers. Method: The study included CCS (n = 206), healthy peers (n = 132), and their primary caregivers. Youth (8-21 years) reported on the quality of the parent-child relationship and on their positive and negative adjustment outcomes...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Catherine Morgan, Ingrid Honan, Abigail Allsop, Iona Novak, Nadia Badawi
Objective: Approximately 50% of people with cerebral palsy have a cognitive impairment. However, many tools used to assess cognition in infants require almost normal fine motor ability, and thus may not accurately reflect cognitive abilities of infants with cerebral palsy or other motor impairments. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of cognitive assessment tools for infants aged 0-24 months with motor impairments and to make recommendations about the most appropriate cognitive assessment tools for the purpose of discrimination, prediction, and evaluation...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Mark Connelly, Laura E Schanberg, Stacy Ardoin, Michael Blakley, Ruy Carrasco, Peter Chira, Kristen Hayward, Maria Ibarra, Yukiko Kimura, Daniel J Kingsbury, Marisa S Klein-Gitelman, Erica Lawson, Jennifer Stinson
Objective: To determine the efficacy in improving pain and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of an online self-management program for adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Methods: Youth ages 12-18 years with JIA were recruited from 10 rheumatology clinics across the United States and randomized to complete an online self-management program (n = 144) or an online disease education program (n = 145). Participants in the self-management group worked through multimedia-based modules comprising psychoeducation, training in cognitive-behavioral coping skills and stress management, and other self-management topics over a 12-week period...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Cara M Murphy, Tim Janssen, Suzanne M Colby, Kristina M Jackson
Objective: Adolescence is a period during which youth may begin experimenting with substances. Youth with overweight or obesity may be at increased risk for substance use, including cigarette smoking. Understanding the associations between smoking and excess weight and the pathways associated with increased likelihood for smoking initiation is of particular importance given the increased risk for negative health outcomes associated with each. Methods: Using longitudinal panel data from 1,023 middle school youth (baseline age M = 12...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Glen P Aylward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Vicki S Helgeson
Objective: The goal of this study was to examine the nature of the personal projects that emerging adults with and without diabetes were pursuing and the implications of those projects for psychological well-being. Methods: We asked emerging adults with and without type 1 diabetes to identify five personal projects, rate four dimensions of those projects (importance, typicality, stress, and progress), and complete several well-being measures (depressive symptoms, life purpose, life satisfaction, perceived stress, and resilience) when they were age 19...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Sarah C Westen, Jennifer L Warnick, Anastasia Albanese-O'Neill, Desmond A Schatz, Michael J Haller, Mina Entessari, David M Janicke
Objectives: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) poses unique challenges to adherence-related behavior because of complex treatment regimens that vary by use of specific technologies. This study used objective data to determine (1) prevalence rates of adherence behaviors in adolescents with T1D, and (2) relationships between adherence and glycemic control. Methods: Data were downloaded for the past 30 consecutive days from glucose meters and multiple insulin pump models for 80 youth (11-17 years old; n = 40 on multiple daily injections (MDIs) and n = 40 on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion [CSII])...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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