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Evaluation and Program Planning

Gideon Baffoe
It is commonly known that most development projects, especially in the global south, tend to achieve unintended results or fail because of lack of due diligence. Project satisfaction and sustainability would only be achieved if consistent with the actual needs of the people intended to benefit. Based on field experiences in the Fantekwa District of Eastern Ghana, this study aims to explore the utility of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) in prioritizing livelihood activities to aid in effective and sustainable poverty reduction interventions in developing countries...
October 24, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Monique Auger, Claire V Crooks, Andrea Lapp, Samantha Tsuruda, Cassidy Caron, Billie Joe Rogers, Kim van der Woerd
Mental Health First Aid is a population health approach that educates people to recognize and respond to mental health challenges. Since 2012, the Mental Health Commission of Canada has worked with six First Nations communities to develop a culturally-relevant version of the program called Mental Health First Aid First Nations (MHFAFN). This paper presents mixed methods, multi-informant data from a national evaluation to assess the extent to which the course was experienced as culturally safe by Indigenous participants, factors that contributed to these experiences, and ways in which cultural relevancy of MHFAFN can be improved...
October 24, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Ileana Palaco, Min Jae Park, Suk Kyoung Kim, Jae Jeung Rho
Although public-private partnerships (PPP) and electronic government (e-government) have proven to be fruitful mechanisms for economic development and emerging economies seem to recognize their importance, consistent methods for analyzing the early planning stages of e-government portfolios are lacking. The present work utilized a comprehensive literature review to understand the evaluation criteria for PPP projects throughout the early-stage planning process. A qualitative meta-synthesis was employed to identify critical factors for PPP and e-government, with a particular focus on developing countries, PPP, and e-government criteria...
October 23, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Roger A Atinga, Irene Akua Agyepong, Reuben K Esena
While primary health care programmes based on community participation are widely implemented in low- and middle- income settings, empirical evidence on whether and to what extent local people have the capacity to participate, support and drive such programmes scale up is scant in these countries. This paper assessed the level of community capacity to participate in one such programme - the Community-Based Health Planning and Service (CHPS) in Ghana. The capacity assessments were drawn from Chaskin's (2001) theorised indicators of community capacity with modifications to include: sense of community; community members commitment; community leadership commitment; problem solving mechanisms; and access to resources...
October 13, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Ayesha S Boyce, Cherie Avent, Adeyemo Adetogun, Lakeita Servance, Lizanne DeStefano, Robert Nerem, Manu O Platt
Exposure to science content and development of excitement for scientific inquiry throughout the high school years are imperative in attracting students into the sciences. The purpose of this article is to report lessons learned and share best practices from the implementation and evaluation of a high school STEM program that aims to provide an authentic research experience for African-American students and expose them to the possibility and benefits of attaining advanced degrees and careers in STEM fields. Participants reported that enriching science experiences improved their college readiness and exposed them to STEM degree and career options...
October 13, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Christopher Alex Hooton
The paper investigates the broadening area of research utilizing micro-geographic economic analysis to conduct evaluations of area-based policies implemented at a micro-geographic level. It offers the first extensive, critical examination and synthesis of this subset of work including its theoretical foundations, key technical features, and applications for evaluation research. The paper begins by more formally defining the micro-geographic concept and examining the theoretical framework of micro-geographic policies...
October 11, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Kristina N LaVenia, Jacob Burgoon
We report findings from an evaluation of the Mentors in Toledo Schools program (MITS), which pairs adult community volunteers with elementary school students in need of reading support. Begun in 2012, MITS now operates in five elementary schools in Toledo Public Schools. A quasi-experimental study of 379 students (n = 128 mentored, n = 251 comparison) tested the effectiveness of MITS, using changes (fall to spring) in students' scores on STAR Reading. Multilevel models demonstrate students who participated in MITS made statistically significant, and educationally meaningful, reading gains compared to students who did not participate...
October 9, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
James Bill Ouda, Peter Mulaudzi, Eunice Kanaga Najoli, Roseline Wanyama, Tawanda Runhare
The paper focused on evaluation of stakeholder capacity to implement the millennium village primary school meal project in Kenya. The study which was anchored on the stakeholder theory as well as the Context Input Process Product (CIPP) model of evaluation used mixed methods research design with ex-post facto and case study as its two research elements. The mixed methods was adopted because when both qualitative and quantitative approaches are used in a single study, the strengths of both produce a research synergy in which the collective benefits are greater than what is obtained from either approach when used alone...
October 6, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Scott I Donaldson
The professionalization of evaluation continues to be debated at numerous conferences in the U.S. and abroad. At this time, AEA member views on the potential benefits and negative side effects of professionalization are essential as the discussion evolves. This study provides recent views on major topics in professionalization, including potential benefits, negative side effects, processes, competencies, and procedures. Results from in-depth interviews and an online survey demonstrate that AEA members view potential benefits of professionalization to be stakeholder trust, evaluator reputation and identity, while concerns about a potential negative side effect known as the "narrowing effect" (i...
October 6, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Susan H Evans, Peter Clarke
Mobile phone apps have become ubiquitous in health, but they often fail to demonstrate effectiveness in achieving behavior outcomes among intended users. A failure to conduct formative research on app content or functions may contribute to some of this shortfall. We describe simple research procedures we followed when building a nutrition app for low-income household cooks. Our studies improved the placement and design of key screen controls, helped select and guide an illustrator who created graphic support for textual content, and tested whether adding secondary users to the primary audience would attract additional app use...
October 6, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Adam G Gavarkovs, Wendy Blunt, Robert J Petrella
Training program implementers through online methods represents a way of facilitating the widespread implementation of community-based interventions that is more financially and logistically feasible than traditional in-person training methods. However, there are few evidence-informed protocols or models that can guide the development of online training content in a way that is consistent with instructional best practices. This paper presents an evidence-informed protocol for developing a training website, or online training platform, to support the implementation of community-based interventions at scale, which was informed by a critical analysis of the instructional design literature and our experiences developing an online training platform for the HealtheStepsTM Lifestyle Prescription Program...
October 6, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Cameron B Richardson, Nicole R Morgan, Julia A Bleser, Keith R Aronson, Daniel F Perkins
Evaluators are challenged to keep pace with the vast array of Veteran support programs operating in the United States, resulting in a situation in which many programs lack any evidence of impact. Due to this lack of evidence, there is no efficient way to suggest which programs are most effective in helping Veterans in need of support. One potential solution to this dilemma is to reconceptualize program evaluation, by moving away from evaluating programs individually to evaluating what is common across programs...
October 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Cate A Egan, Collin A Webster, Gregory L Stewart, R Glenn Weaver, Laura B Russ, Ali Brian, David F Stodden
In this article, we report a qualitative case study, in which we examined enablers and barriers related to the development, implementation, and sustainability of a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) aligned with the Health Optimizing Physical Education (HOPE) curriculum model at a middle school. Literature on program-diffusion and school-university partnerships guided data collection and analysis. Data sources included semi-structured interviews with the program implementation team (n = 9) and the school's health and physical education teachers (n = 7); a focus group interview with students; documents (e...
October 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Xingyuan Gao, Jianping Shen, Huang Wu, Huilan Y Krenn
Outcome evaluation is very important for program evaluation and has been becoming increasingly so in the age of accountability. Typically, outcome evaluation is conducted for a single program from a single perspective. However, in a real-life situation, many programs exist in a system, and the effects could be viewed from various perspectives. The authors illustrate a typology of program effects in a system. It moves from the paradigm of a single program's single effect to that of a set of programs' multiple effects...
October 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
J Jay Miller, Kalea Benner, Jessica Donohue-Dioh, Melissa Segress
Despite the proliferation, of on-campus academic support programs for foster youth and alumni (e.g., those formerly in foster care), few conceptual frameworks for developing these programs exist. This study employed Group Concept Mapping (GCM) methodology to delineate a conceptual framework, from the perspective of foster youth and alumni (N = 51), for the development of on-campus support initiatives. GCM is an integrated mixed-method research method that uses non-metric multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analyses, to analyze qualitative data (e...
October 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Eduardo Cuenca-García, Angeles Sánchez, Margarita Navarro-Pabsdorf
This article presents a proposal for assessing the progress of least developed countries towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals over the period 2000-2015. Composite indices are built to perform spatial and temporal benchmarking relying on the P2 Distance method. The results are contrasted with other indices developed under a multi-criterion approach with a double reference point. The main findings are that all the countries have improved their situation and country disparities have been reduced...
September 29, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Alicia Sasser Modestino, Richard J Paulsen
Many U.S. cities have implemented Summer Youth Employment Programs (SYEPs) with the hope of improving long-term behavioral, academic, and economic outcomes among program participants, particularly inner-city, low-income, and non-white youth. While recent empirical studies show positive impacts for some outcomes, little is known about program mechanisms and the potential to reduce inequality across groups. Using an embedded randomized control trial, this study evaluates improvements in short-term outcomes for the Boston SYEP based on survey data collected for both treatment and control groups during the summers of 2015, 2016, and 2017...
September 24, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Tiffany L Young, Megan C Janke, Chantel Sharpe, Dana Carthron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Sarah L Canham, Mei Lan Fang, Lupin Battersby, Mineko Wada
This article describes the experience and process of using community mapping as a tool for collecting data on the functioning of housing-related support services in Metro Vancouver. We outline our mapping methods and discuss strengths and challenges encountered during workshops aimed at understandings how the system of housing-related supports function. Strengths were that workshops provided a forum for social participation and engagement. In addition, mapping is a research tool that enables local knowledge of service functioning and service gaps to be accessed and exchanged...
September 18, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Lotus Sofie Bast, Anette Andersen, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Pernille Due
BACKGROUND: Assessing the actual implementation of multi-component interventions can provide important knowledge for future interventions. Intervention components may be implemented differently, knowledge about this can provide an understanding of which components are essential and therefore must be included. The aim of this study was to examine the implementation of one, two, or all three main intervention components at the individual level and to assess the association to current smoking among 13 year-olds in the X:IT study...
September 18, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
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