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Evaluation and Program Planning

Peter T Lindeman, Emily Bettin, Lauren B Beach, Christian N Adames, Amy K Johnson, Dave Kern, Patrick Stonehouse, George J Greene, Gregory Phillips
As the need for rigorous evidence of program efficacy increases, integrating evaluation activities into program implementation is becoming crucial. As a result, external evaluators are placing increased focus on evaluation capacity building as a practice. However, empirical evidence of how to foster evaluation capacity in different contexts remains limited. This study presents findings from an evaluation capacity survey conducted within a multisite Empowerment Evaluation initiative, in which an external evaluator worked with 20 project teams at diverse community agencies implementing HIV prevention projects...
September 7, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Erin Stern, Sonia Martins, Leigh Stefanik, Sidonie Uwimpuhwe, Robyn Yaker
This paper reviews adaptation processes of the Indashyikirwa program in Rwanda, a four-year program to prevent intimate partner violence, implemented by CARE Rwanda, Rwanda Men's Resource Center (RWAMREC) and Rwanda Women's Network (RWN). Indashyikirwa is a blended approach of evidence-based programming, primarily drawing on SASA! developed by Raising Voices in Uganda, as well as program innovations. Indashyikirwa consists of four major components; 1) a five-month curriculum with couples to support equitable, non-violent relationships, 2) supporting a sub-set of trained couples to engage in community activism for an additional two years, 3) establishment of women's safe spaces for dedicated support and referral of IPV survivors, 4) training and engaging opinion leaders to support an enabling environment for IPV prevention and response...
August 11, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Wilna Hendrika Oldewage-Theron, Sara Susanna Duvenage, Abdulkadir Ali Egal, Conrad Lyford
Sustainability of health interventions is a consistent and ongoing issue in Africa. Understanding key aspects of sustainable interventions provides the necessary methods for success. This research evaluates a nutrition intervention implemented in two peri-urban communities in the Free State and Gauteng province in South Africa (SA) respectively. A case study approach was employed using cross-case study analyses, including triangular data collection (empirical research through surveys of respondents; qualitative data collection through researcher journals, diaries, communications and photographs; and research team reflections)...
August 9, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Elena Harman, Tarek Azzam
At its core, evaluation involves the generation of value judgments. These evaluative judgments are based on comparing an evaluand's performance to what the evaluand is supposed to do (criteria) and how well it is supposed to do it (standards). The aim of this four-phase study was to test whether criteria and standards can be set via crowdsourcing, a potentially cost- and time-effective approach to collecting public opinion data. In the first three phases, participants were presented with a program description, then asked to complete a task to either identify criteria (phase one), weigh criteria (phase two), or set standards (phase three)...
August 8, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
N Stormon, A Pradhan, A McAuliffe, P J Ford
Access to dental care is poorer for people experiencing homelessness and disadvantage due to barriers such as lengthy waiting lists, lack of transport, lack of information and fear of authorities and treatment. This study aimed to evaluate a system integration model for oral health care for clients of homeless services in Brisbane, Australia. This model aimed to provide a facilitated access pathway between homeless community organisations and a public dental service to improve access to dental care. Participants were adult (≥18 years) clients Brisbane homeless community organisations...
August 8, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Steven J Onken
This research engaged consumers with severe and persistent mental illness receiving services in the public mental health sector in creating a comprehensive list of 110 needed community services and supports, then individually sorting and rating these items. Within the resulting concept map generated by Concept System software and as interpreted by the study participants, successfully living in the community is actualized when there is an outer layer of support regarding basic needs; financial means; individualized, comprehensive and available services; competent and caring staff; community education; legal rights enforcement; and social change directed at dismantling the discrimination and stigma associated with mental illness...
August 8, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Lori A Wingate, Nick L Smith, Emma Perk
A project vita is a comprehensive index of factual information about a project's activities and achievements. Like an individual's professional curriculum vita or resume, it serves as evidence of past performance and capacity for future endeavors. This article situates the project vita as a knowledge management tool for use by large-scale research and development projects or coalitions. In such complex endeavors, the variety and scope of the knowledge generated can quickly outpace project staff attempts to collect, classify, disseminate, and support the effective use of the constant stream of information being produced...
August 6, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Deanna N Devlin, Mateus Rennó Santos, Denise C Gottfredson
Despite existing efforts to prevent bullying, research suggests that bullying remains a serious and common problem across the United States. Therefore, researchers should continuously propose and evaluate alternative policies that may mitigate bullying as a social issue. One such strategy that has been proposed is the use of police officers in schools, best known as School Resource Officers (SROs). The current study evaluated the efficacy of SROs as an intervention against bullying in schools in the United States...
July 25, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Allyson Kelley, Bethany Fatupaito, Morgan Witzel
American Indian youth substance use is a major public health concern. To date, there has been limited evaluation of American Indian youth substance use prevention programs. Evaluation of prevention programs is necessary to understand the aspects of programming that are effective or not effective. This mixed-methods evaluation focuses on select outcomes of a 3-year culturally-based prevention program located in six American Indian communities in the Rocky Mountain Region. The goals of the prevention program are to reduce binge drinking by 30% and increase community readiness by 1-point over a 5- year period...
July 6, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Meltem Alemdar, Christopher J Cappelli, Brett A Criswell, Gregory T Rushton
The development of teacher leaders in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics has become a focus as demand grows on the national scale to improve student learning in these disciplines. As teachers' role in leadership continues to be redefined, research and professional development in teacher leadership will continue to evolve. Given the lack of a clear conceptualization of teacher leadership in the empirical literature, there is a clear methodological challenge for evaluators who are charged with assessing the impact of teacher leadership professional development programs...
July 3, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Cheryl L Holt, Rachel C Shelton, Jennifer D Allen, Janice Bowie, Lina Jandorf, Sherie Lou Zara Santos, Jimmie Slade
Standard community-engaged research methods involve reporting research findings back to study participants. Project HEAL is an implementation trial conducted in 14 African American churches. This paper reports on a strengths-based approach to reporting Project HEAL organizational capacity data back to church leadership, through use of individualized church reports. Pastors in each church completed a church organizational capacity assessment. The study team, including community partners representing church leadership, co-created a channel and content to disseminate the capacity data back to Project HEAL church leaders...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Tine Van Thielen, Robin Bauwens, Mieke Audenaert, Thomas Van Waeyenberg, Adelien Decramer
This study focuses on employee performance management in policing. We specifically aim to contribute to a better understanding of how the combined effect of performance planning and performance evaluation fosters the well-being of police officers. In the slipstream of public sector reforms many public organizations adopted employee performance management. Although such system is found to increase performance, it might simultaneously elevate job demands, jeopardizing employees' well-being. Based on data gathered in one of the largest police departments of Belgium, structural equation modelling results demonstrate that the combination of performance planning and evaluation positively affects police officers' well-being...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
G John Geldhof, Danielle A Warner, Jennifer K Finders, Asia A Thogmartin, Adam Clark, Kelly A Longway
The retrospective pre-post design affords many benefits to program staff and, accordingly, has piqued renewed interest among applied program evaluators. In particular, the field has witnessed increasing application of a post-program-only data collection strategy in which only posttest and retrospective pretest data are collected. A post-program-only assessment strategy takes considerably less time than is required for collecting pre-program data and presumably has the added benefit of eliminating the impact of response-shift bias...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Karine Legrand, Laetitia Minary, Serge Briançon
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to describe the practices of health promotion professionals when evaluating interventions and their transferability and to identify these professionals' needs in relation to a tool that will guide them during monitoring and evaluation. METHOD: A survey was carried out among health promotion actors, which focussed on the interventions they had carried out. RESULTS: Of the 1017 organisations (covering the whole of France) approached, 246 responded to the survey...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Anneleen E M Kraan, Boukje A G Dijkstra, Wiebren Markus
OBJECTIVE: Treatment model adherence is an important predictor of treatment outcome. In clinical practice evidence-based treatments are delivered in widely varying degrees. This study examines which Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA) procedures are delivered by addiction care therapists and how this is associated with therapist characteristics. METHOD: The study integrated two observational designs. Firstly, using a prospective design, 24 therapists registered every CRA procedure delivered during every patient contact over a six month period...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Jonas Vestergaard Nielsen, Heidi Klakk, Anna Bugge, Marianne Løgtholt Andreasen, Thomas Skovgaard
Schools constitute an important arena for promoting physical activity. However, school-based programmes often face implementation challenges, and the identification of factors influencing the implementation process is considered important in order to secure the effectiveness of future interventions. The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing the various implementation stages during the initial years of a programme tripling the amount of physical education at the primary school level. Document analysis of publicly available programme descriptions and meeting minutes, were conducted...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Marie-Therese Schultes, Marlene Kollmayer, Mathias Mejeh, Christiane Spiel
Positive attitudes toward evaluation among stakeholders are an important precondition for successful evaluation processes. However, empirical studies focusing on stakeholders' attitudes toward evaluation are scarce. The present paper explores the approach of assessing social representations as indicators of people's attitudes toward evaluation. In an exploratory study, two groups were surveyed: University students (n = 60) with rather theoretical knowledge of evaluation and stakeholders (n = 61) who had shortly before taken part in participatory evaluation studies...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Leigh-Ann Onnis, Helen Klieve, Komla Tsey
Policy decisions are based on evidence that demonstrates the effectiveness of interventions; however, the quantity and type of evidence that is needed to demonstrate the effectiveness of an intervention is not universally agreed upon. The aim of this study was to collaborate with researchers who have not been involved directly in Family Wellbeing interventions to lead a review of characteristics of the Family Wellbeing intervention evaluation output to date, and to assess for evidence of the FWB intervention's impact on participants and their communities...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Melanie Ward, Amy J Schulz, Barbara A Israel, Kristina Rice, Sheena E Martenies, Evan Markarian
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches present strong opportunities to promote health equity by improving health within low-income communities and communities of color. CBPR principles and evaluation frameworks highlight an emphasis on equitable group dynamics (e.g., shared leadership and power, participatory decision-making, two-way open communication) that promote both equitable processes within partnerships and health equity in the communities with whom they engage. The development of an evaluation framework that describes the manner in which equitable group dynamics promote intermediate and long-term equity outcomes can aid partners in assessing their ability to work together effectively and improve health equity in the broader community...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Katherine G Merrill, Jamison C Merrill, Rebecca B Hershow, Chris Barkley, Boitumelo Rakosa, Jeff DeCelles, Abigail Harrison
Grassroot Soccer developed SKILLZ Street-a soccer-based life skills program with a supplementary SMS platform-to support adolescent girls at risk for HIV, violence, and sexual and reproductive health challenges. We conducted a mixed-methods assessment of preliminary outcomes and implementation processes in three primary schools in Soweto, South Africa, from August to December 2013. Quantitative methods included participant attendance and SMS platform usage tracking, pre/post questionnaires, and structured observation...
October 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
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