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Evaluation and Program Planning

João Graça, Maria Manuela Calheiros, Joana Nunes Patrício, Eunice Vieira Magalhães
There have been calls for uncovering the "black box" of residential care services, with a particular need for research focusing on emergency care settings for children and youth in danger. In fact, the strikingly scant empirical attention that these settings have received so far contrasts with the role that they often play as gateway into the child welfare system. To answer these calls, this work presents and tests a framework for assessing a service model in residential emergency care. It comprises seven studies which address a set of different focal areas (e...
October 12, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Gaurav Dave, Leah Frerichs, Jennifer Jones, Mimi Kim, Jennifer Schaal, Stefanie Vassar, Deepthi Varma, Catherine Striley, Corrine Ruktanonchai, Adina Black, Jennifer Hankins, Nakita Lovelady, Crystal Cene, Melissa Green, Tiffany Young, Shristi Tiwari, Ann Cheney, Linda Cottler, Greer Sullivan, Arleen Brown, Jessica Burke, Giselle Corbie-Smith
OBJECTIVES: Collaborations between communities, healthcare practices and academic institutions are a strategy to address health disparities. Trust is critical in the development and maintaining of effective collaborations. The aim of this pilot study was to engage stakeholders in defining determinants of trust in community academic research partnerships and to develop a framework for measuring trust. METHODS: The study was conducted by five collaborating National Institute of Health' Clinical and Translational Sciences Awardees...
October 12, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Erick G Guerrero, Ahyoung Song, Benjamin Henwood, Yinfei Kong, Tina Kim
This study investigated the association between program cultural competence and homeless individuals' drug use after treatment in Los Angeles County, California. Los Angeles County has the largest and most diverse population of homeless individuals in the nation. We randomly selected for analysis 52 drug-treatment programs and 2158 participants who identified as homeless in the Los Angeles County Participant Reporting System in 2011. We included their living arrangements (indoors and stable, indoors and unstable, and outdoors) and individual and program characteristics (particularly whether their programs used six culturally competent practices) in multilevel regression analyses...
October 12, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Dirk-Jan Koch, Lau Schulpen
The 'Evaluation and Program Planning' journal has contributed to the launch of an academic discussion of unintended effects of international cooperation, notably by publishing in 2016 articles by Bamberger, Tarsilla, & Hesse-Biber and by Jabeen. This special issue aims to take up the academic challenges as laid down by those authors, by providing among others a clear typology and applying it, by outlining various methodological options and testing them, and elaborating on suggestions on how to deal with the barriers that prevent unintended effects being taken into account...
October 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Pablo Gregori, Vicente Martínez, Julio José Moyano-Fernández
Today's society, which is strongly based on knowledge and interaction with information, has a key component in technological innovation, a fundamental tool for the development of the current teaching methodologies. Nowadays, there are a lot of online resources, such as MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) and distance learning courses. One aspect that is common to all of these is a high dropout rate: about 90% in MOOCs and 50% in the courses of the Spanish National Distance Education University, among other examples...
October 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Eric Grommon
Cell phones in correctional facilities have emerged as one of the most pervasive forms of modern contraband. This issue has been identified as a top priority for many correctional administrators in the United States. Managed access, a technology that utilizes cellular signals to capture transmissions from contraband phones, has received notable attention as a promising tool to combat this problem. However, this technology has received little evaluative attention. The present study offers a foundational process evaluation and draws upon output measures and stakeholder interviews to identify salient operational challenges and subsequent lessons learned about implementing and maintaining a managed access system...
October 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
M Bujold, R El Sherif, P L Bush, J Johnson-Lafleur, G Doray, P Pluye
This mixed methods study content validated the Information Assessment Method for parents (IAM-parent) that allows users to systematically rate and comment on online parenting information. Quantitative data and results: 22,407 IAM ratings were collected; of the initial 32 items, descriptive statistics showed that 10 had low relevance. Qualitative data and results: IAM-based comments were collected, and 20 IAM users were interviewed (maximum variation sample); the qualitative data analysis assessed the representativeness of IAM items, and identified items with problematic wording...
October 4, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
María Luisa Gracía-Pérez, Marta Gil-Lacruz
There is abundant scientific literature concerning factors that affect patients' perceptions of the quality of health care. However, there are few published works that consider the opinions of health care professionals. This article aims to conjointly analyse two organisational strategies that determine professional health care practice: continuous training and quality of care. The objective is to examine the opinions of physicians and nurses on the improvement of the quality of care after a 'learning by doing' program...
September 28, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Adrienne Lemon, Mélanie Pinet
Capturing unintended impacts has been a persistent struggle in all fields of international development, and the field of peacebuilding is no exception. However, because peacebuilding focuses on relationships in complex contexts, the field of peacebuilding has, by necessity, made efforts towards finding practical ways to reflect upon both the intended and unintended effects of this work. To explore what lessons can be learned from the peacebuilding field, this study examines the evaluations of Search for Common Ground, a peacebuilding organisation working in over 35 countries across the world...
September 23, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Melle Leenstra
Development policy and implementation are a human endeavor. Too often, however, the human factor is relegated to an input or an externality in a quasi-technical process for transforming public funds into measurable results. Within the Weberian rational-legal order, policies and bureaucracies are impersonal and objective. Policy objectives tend to get depersonalized and the human stories get filtered out of impact evaluations. This article, on the basis of case descriptions, argues that following the human stories in development policy and implementation can offer surprising insights into why at times policies may work or not work...
September 23, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Radha Jagannathan, Michael J Camasso, Maia Delacalle
We describe an environmental and natural science program called Nurture thru Nature (NtN) that seeks to improve mathematics and science performance of students in disadvantaged communities, and to increase student interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) careers. The program draws conceptual guidance from the Head-Heart-Hands model that informs the current educational movement to foster environmental understanding and sustainability. Employing an experimental design and data from seven cohorts of students, we find some promising, albeit preliminary, indications that the program can increase students' science knowledge and grades in mathematics, science and language arts...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Geske Dijkstra
Although donors generally aim to improve governance in recipient countries by various means, critics claim that the aggregate effect of large aid flows is the deterioration of governance. Aid is said to weaken domestic accountability, sustain authoritarian regimes, increase political instability, weaken government capacities, and increase corruption. Conducting a systematic search in Web of Science, this paper reviews the empirical evidence for these unintended aggregate effects of aid on the political, administrative, and judicial dimensions of good governance...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Dirk-Jan Koch, Lau Schulpen
The key research question that this article aims to respond to is: what are the individual-level effects of wages financed by development assistance? Our hypothesis is that these effects are substantial and overall positive, depending on the level of analysis. This article theorizes about unintended wage effects at the individual level, spillover effects, and those at the macro level, yet focuses its research on individual-level effects. The empirical part consists of two case studies. One takes a sample of grants from a donor agency, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as a starting point, following these grants through the aid chain to determine local staffing costs...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Sumera Jabeen
Social development programmes are deliberate attempts to bring about change and unintended outcomes can be considered as inherent to any such intervention. There is now a solid consensus among the international evaluation community regarding the need to consider unintended outcomes as a key aspect in any evaluative study. However, this concern often equates to nothing more than false piety. Exiting evaluation theory suffers from overlap of terminology, inadequate categorisation of unintended outcomes and lack of guidance on how to study them...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Jonathan A Morell
This article argues that evaluators could better deal with unintended consequences if they improved their methods of systematically and methodically combining empirical data collection and model building over the life cycle of an evaluation. This process would be helpful because it can increase the timespan from when the need for a change in methodology is first suspected to the time when the new element of the methodology is operational. The article begins with an explanation of why logic models are so important in evaluation, and why the utility of models is limited if they are not continually revised based on empirical evaluation data...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Niels Keijzer, Erik Lundsgaarde
This article's starting point is that the dichotomy between intended and unintended effects is linked to official policy discourse on the overall purpose and objectives of development cooperation. It describes and discusses recent policy trends that move away from emphasizing developing country benefits toward the pursuit of 'mutual benefit' as the key motivating factor and aim for development cooperation as an area of public policy. A mix of motivations has always driven development cooperation, yet the current policy trend differs in that such motivations are made explicit...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Rich Janzen, Joanna Ochocka, Leanne Turner, Tabitha Cook, Michelle Franklin, Debbie Deichert
In this article we argue for a community-based approach as a means of promoting a culture of evaluation. We do this by linking two bodies of knowledge - the 70-year theoretical tradition of community-based research and the trans-discipline of program evaluation - that are seldom intersected within the evaluation capacity building literature. We use the three hallmarks of a community-based research approach (community-determined; equitable participation; action and change) as a conceptual lens to reflect on a case example of an evaluation capacity building program led by the Ontario Brian Institute...
September 7, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
David J Peyton, Michael Scicchitano
Theory-based logic models are commonly developed as part of requirements for grant funding. As a tool to communicate complex social programs, theory based logic models are an effective visual communication. However, after initial development, theory based logic models are often abandoned and remain in their initial form despite changes in the program process. This paper examines the potential benefits of committing time and resources to revising the initial theory driven logic model and developing detailed logic models that describe key activities to accurately reflect the program and assist in effective program management...
September 1, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Sarah E Hornack, Brian T Yates
Gender-sensitive services (GSS) attempt to make substance use treatment better for women, but at what cost and with what results? We sought answers to these questions in a federally-funded study by measuring separately the patient and provider costs of adding GSS, outcomes, and cost-outcome relationships for 12 mixed-gender intensive inpatient programs (IIP) that varied in amounts and types of GSS. GSS costs to female inpatients included time devoted to GSS and expenses for care of dependents while in the IIP...
September 1, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Jennifer A Lawlor, Sara McGirr
Recently, systems thinking and systems science approaches have gained popularity in the field of evaluation; however, there has been relatively little exploration of how evaluators could use quantitative tools to assist in the implementation of systems approaches therein. The purpose of this paper is to explore potential uses of one such quantitative tool, agent-based modeling, in evaluation practice. To this end, we define agent-based modeling and offer potential uses for it in typical evaluation activities, including: engaging stakeholders, selecting an intervention, modeling program theory, setting performance targets, and interpreting evaluation results...
August 30, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
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