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Child Abuse & Neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104290/exploring-the-longitudinal-offending-pathways-of-child-sexual-abuse-victims-a-preliminary-analysis-using-latent-variable-modeling
#1
Nina L Papalia, Stefan Luebbers, James R P Ogloff, Margaret Cutajar, Paul E Mullen
Very little research has been conducted to show the way in which criminal behavior unfolds over the life-course in children who have been sexually abused, and whether it differs from the 'age-crime' patterns consistently documented in the criminology literature. This study investigated the temporal pathways of criminal offending between the ages of 10-25 years among medically confirmed cases of child sexual abuse (CSA), and considered whether abuse variables, offense variables, and the presence of other adverse outcomes, were associated with heterogeneity in offending pathways among CSA survivors...
January 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092738/hearing-children-s-voices-including-children-s-perspectives-on-their-experiences-of-domestic-violence-in-welfare-reports-prepared-for-the-english-courts-in-private-family-law-proceedings
#2
Gillian S Macdonald
This research examined Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service (Cafcass) reports prepared for private family court proceedings in domestic violence cases in England. The research found that in cases where children's accounts identified them as victims of violence, these disclosures regularly disappeared from report recommendations. Particular discourses regarding 'child welfare' and 'contact' were identified, which routinely impacted on the ways in which children's voices were taken into account...
January 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086178/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-children-placed-in-and-adopted-from-foster-care-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#3
Kristin Turney, Christopher Wildeman
Despite good reason to believe that children in foster care are disproportionately exposed to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), relatively little research considers exposure to ACEs among this group of vulnerable children. In this article, we use data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized children ages 0-17 in the United States, to estimate the association between foster care placement and exposure to an array of ACEs...
January 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081496/the-role-of-negative-parental-attributions-in-the-associations-between-daily-stressors-maltreatment-history-and-harsh-and-abusive-discipline
#4
Marieke Beckerman, Sheila R van Berkel, Judi Mesman, Lenneke R A Alink
Negative parental attributions are related to parent and family stressors and are thought to be important predictors of subsequent disciplinary actions and, potentially, abusive parenting. We examined if negative parental attributions mediate the relation between daily stressors (i.e., low SES, parenting stress, partner-related stress) parents' own history of child maltreatment, and harsh and abusive parenting. Mothers (n=53) completed a computerized attribution task and reported on daily stressors, their own history of child maltreatment and their discipline strategies...
January 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064109/interagency-collaboration-strengthening-substance-abuse-resources-in-child-welfare
#5
Amy S He, Jon Phillips
Supporting child welfare (CW) workers' ability to accurately assess substance abuse needs and link families to appropriate services is critical given the high prevalence of parental substance use disorders (SUD) among CW-involved cases. Several barriers hinder this process, including CW workers' lack of expertise for identifying SUD needs and scarcity of treatment resources. Drawing from theories and emergent literature on interagency collaboration, this study examined the role of collaboration in increasing the availability of resources for identifying and treating SUDs in CW agencies...
January 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056359/childhood-adversity-and-adult-depression-the-protective-role-of-psychological-resilience
#6
Julia C Poole, Keith S Dobson, Dennis Pusch
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), such as childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction, have been identified as salient risk factors for adult depression. However, not all individuals who experience ACEs go on to develop depression. The extent to which resilience- or the ability to demonstrate stable levels of functioning despite adversity- may act as a buffer against depression among individuals with a history of ACEs has not been adequately examined. To address the associations between ACEs, depression, and resilience, 4006 adult participants were recruited from primary care clinics...
January 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040616/gender-as-a-predictor-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-sexually-abused-children
#7
Amélie Gauthier-Duchesne, Martine Hébert, Marie-Ève Daspe
Despite the proliferation of studies documenting outcomes in sexually abused victims, gender differences remain understudied. The bulk of studies have relied on retrospective samples of adults with insufficient representation of male victims to explore gender specificities. This study examined differential outcomes among boy and girl victims of sexual abuse. A predictive model of outcomes including abuse characteristics and sense of guilt as mediators was proposed. Path analysis was conducted with a sample of 447 sexually abused children (319 girls and 128 boys), aged 6-12...
December 29, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039757/height-deficit-in-early-adulthood-following-substantiated-childhood-maltreatment-a-birth-cohort-study
#8
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Early life stress including childhood maltreatment has been associated with reduced head circumference and/or brain size, cognitive, and academic deficits in children and adolescents. However, little is known about the effect of childhood maltreatment on height, especially in early adulthood. This study was designed to examine the association between confirmed cases of multiple or subtypes of childhood maltreatment and stunted growth in young adulthood controlling for perinatal and familial confounding factors...
December 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038360/can-the-actions-of-child-welfare-case-managers-predict-case-outcomes
#9
Svetlana Yampolskaya, Mary I Armstrong, Anne Strozier, Jayme Swanke
This study examined the effect of efforts made by child welfare case managers to involve parents in case processes on two divergent case outcomes: reunification and the termination of parental rights (TPR). The sample was comprised of a cohort of children who received child protection services while in out-of-home care during fiscal year 2009-2010 and were randomly selected by the Florida Department of Children and Families (DCF) for their case management quality of practice reviews. Findings revealed that when child welfare case managers made efforts to encourage and support parents in participating in child-related decisions and activities, there were increased chances for timely reunification...
December 27, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027464/risk-factors-for-child-maltreatment-in-an-australian-population-based-birth-cohort
#10
James C Doidge, Daryl J Higgins, Paul Delfabbro, Leonie Segal
Child maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences adversely influence population health and socioeconomic outcomes. Knowledge of the risk factors for child maltreatment can be used to identify children at risk and may represent opportunities for prevention. We examined a range of possible child, parent and family risk factors for child maltreatment in a prospective 27-year population-based birth cohort of 2443 Australians. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and witnessing of domestic violence were recorded retrospectively in early adulthood...
December 25, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024712/factors-related-to-attrition-from-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#11
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Cazzie E Steinzor
Attrition from child trauma-focused treatments such as Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) is common; yet, the factors of children who prematurely terminate are unknown. The aim of the current study was to identify risk factors for attrition from TF-CBT. One hundred and twenty-two children (ages 3-18; M=9.97, SD=3.56; 67.2% females; 50.8% Caucasian) who received TF-CBT were included in the study. Demographic and family variables, characteristics of the trauma, and caregiver- and child-reported pretreatment symptoms levels were assessed in relation to two operational definitions of attrition: 1) clinician-rated dropout, and 2) whether the child received an adequate dose of treatment (i...
December 23, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017908/the-child-protection-and-juvenile-justice-nexus-in-australia-a-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relationship-between-maltreatment-and-offending
#12
Catia G Malvaso, Paul H Delfabbro, Andrew Day
There is convincing evidence that many young people who are in the justice system have had contact with child protection services and that victims of childhood maltreatment are at increased risk of subsequent youth justice involvement. In Australia, however, there have been few longitudinal studies that have examined these associations and relatively less is known in this area. This study examines the overlap between the child protection and youth justice involvement in South Australia, and determines how substantiated maltreatment and variations in these experiences (e...
December 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992830/what-prevents-chinese-parents-from-reporting-possible-cases-of-child-sexual-abuse-to-authority-a-holistic-interactionistic-approach
#13
Qian Wen Xie, Xiaoyue Sun, Mengtong Chen, Dong Ping Qiao, Ko Ling Chan
The reporting of suspected CSA cases to authorities in a timely manner is important in preventing continued abuse and protecting abused children at early ages. The current study seeks to explore parents' intentions of reporting their own children's CSA experiences to authorities as well as their reporting willingness when they become aware of possible CSA cases happening to children in other families. Two rounds of semi-structured interviews were conducted among a sample of 26 parents in Beijing; these parents were purposefully selected so as to be diverse in terms of gender, age, and socioeconomic status...
December 16, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992829/assessing-child-maltreatment-prevention-via-administrative-data-systems-a-case-example-of-reproducibility
#14
Ronald J Prinz
Critical issues about scientific reproducibility have been raised about biomedical research, including the reliability of data and analyses within a given study. The case example in this article examined a reproducibility issue pertaining to the use of administrative data systems for evaluation of child maltreatment (CM) prevention, making use of a prevention study conducted over a decade ago that provided a unique opportunity. The place-randomization study, which randomized counties to condition, found that community-wide implementation of a parenting and family support intervention produced positive impact on county-wide rates for substantiated CM cases and out-of-home placements, documented through a state information system...
December 16, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989568/child-abuse-and-neglect-profiles-and-their-psychosocial-consequences-in-a-large-sample-of-incarcerated-males
#15
Agata Debowska, Daniel Boduszek
Research examining child abuse and neglect (CAN) profiles among adult offender populations is lacking. Therefore, the primary aim of the present study was to address this limitation by using latent class analysis (LCA) to identify meaningful classes of individuals who have experienced physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, as well as neglect. Another aim was to estimate the association between CAN class membership and external criteria (psychopathy factors, self-esteem, attitudes towards male sexual violence in dating relationships, child sexual abuse myth acceptance, violent offending, and age)...
December 15, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988315/child-maltreatment-and-emotion-socialization-associations-with-executive-function-in-the-preschool-years
#16
Tracey Fay-Stammbach, David J Hawes, Pamela Meredith
This study examined executive function (EF) among preschoolers exposed to maltreatment, and tested whether caregiver practices related to emotion socialization (e.g., reactions to children's emotions; discussion of emotion) moderate the relationship between maltreatment and EF in this period. Participants were (n=107) children aged 4-5 years (M=4.75; SD=0.57; 39% female), with various levels of exposure to maltreatment. Using the Maltreatment Classification System, substantiated reports of maltreatment were coded to produce an index of the multiplicity of abuse subtypes to which children had been exposed...
December 15, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884508/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-behavioral-problems-in-middle-childhood
#17
Tenah K A Hunt, Kristen S Slack, Lawrence M Berger
Children who have been exposed to maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are at increased risk for various negative adult health outcomes, including cancer, liver disease, substance abuse, and depression. However, the proximal associations between ACEs and behavioral outcomes during the middle childhood years have been understudied. In addition, many of the ACE studies contain methodological limitations such as reliance on retrospective reports and limited generalizability to populations of lower socioeconomic advantage...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884506/family-abduction-in-a-national-sample-of-us-children
#18
David Finkelhor, Megan Henly, Heather Turner, Sherry Hamby
This study examined the prevalence and characteristics of family abduction episodes occurring in a nationally representative sample of US children ages 0-17. It drew on the experiences of 13,052 children and youth from the aggregation of three cross-sectional waves (2008, 2011, and 2014) of the National Surveys of Children Exposed to Violence. The overall prevalence rate was 4.1% for a lifetime and 1.2% for a past year episode. Rates were higher for younger than older children. Parents constituted 90% of the abductors with females outnumbering males 60% to 40%, although men outnumbered women as perpetrators for certain types of abductions...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884505/the-truly-disadvantaged-midlife-outcome-dynamics-of-individuals-with-experiences-of-out-of-home-care
#19
Lars Brännström, Hilma Forsman, Bo Vinnerljung, Ylva B Almquist
Little is known about developmental outcomes in midlife of persons who were placed in out-of-home care (OHC) in childhood. Utilizing longitudinal Swedish data from a cohort of more than 14,000 individuals who we can follow from birth (1953) to the age of 55 (2008), this study examines midlife trajectories of social, economic, and health-related disadvantages with a specific focus on the complexity, timing, and duration of disadvantage in individuals with and without childhood experience of OHC. Roughly half of the OHC alumni did not have disadvantaged outcomes in midlife...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988148/current-issues-in-child-sexual-abuse-gender-and-health-outcomes-shedding-new-lights-to-inform-worldwide-policy-and-practice
#20
EDITORIAL
Delphine Collin-Vézina, Edward F Garrido
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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