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Child Abuse & Neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149683/online-sexual-solicitation-by-adults-and-peers-results-from-a-population-based-german-sample
#1
Halina Sklenarova, Anja Schulz, Petya Schuhmann, Michael Osterheider, Janina Neutze
Prevalence of Internet use among adolescents is high, but little is known about the online sexual activities of German adolescents. This study aimed to describe the 12-month prevalence of German adolescents' online sexual experiences with a focus on Online Sexual Solicitation (OSS, subjectively negative online sexual experiences with a peer or any sexual online experience, positive or negative, with an adult). A sample of male and female adolescents aged 14-17 (N=2238) was recruited using online survey panel...
November 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144981/barriers-to-self-compassion-for-female-survivors-of-childhood-maltreatment-the-roles-of-fear-of-self-compassion-and-psychological-inflexibility
#2
Derrecka M Boykin, Sara J Himmerich, Caitlin M Pinciotti, Lindsay M Miller, Lynsey R Miron, Holly K Orcutt
Preliminary evidence has demonstrated the benefits of targeting self-compassion in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, survivors of childhood maltreatment may present with unique challenges that compromise the effectiveness of these and other PTSD treatments. Specifically, childhood maltreatment victims often exhibit a marked fear and active resistance of self-kindness and warmth (i.e., fear of self-compassion). Victims may also attempt to control distressing internal experiences in a way that hinders engagement in value-based actions (i...
November 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132045/bullying-and-social-anxiety-in-chinese-children-moderating-roles-of-trait-resilience-and-psychological-suzhi
#3
Lili Wu, Dajun Zhang, Gang Cheng, Tianqiang Hu
Research examining the relationship between bullying victimization and social anxiety has mainly been conducted in Western countries, and little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. This study explores the correlation between bullying victimization and social anxiety in a Chinese context and determines the moderating roles of psychological suzhi (a mental quality characterized by being steady, essential and implicit that affects adaptive, developmental, and creative behavior) and trait resilience among victims of bullying...
November 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128740/motivational-capacities-after-prolonged-interpersonal-childhood-trauma-in-institutional-settings-in-a-sample-of-austrian-adult-survivors
#4
Dina Weindl, Matthias Knefel, Tobias M Glück, Ulrich S Tran, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster
A considerable amount of research has been conducted on the aversive impact of prolonged interpersonal childhood trauma, but data on possible associations with motivational concepts (self-efficacy, self-esteem and locus of control) in adult survivors is scarce. The purpose of this study is to investigate specific coherences between childhood abuse and adult life events with (a) motivational concepts (MC), (b) the emotion regulation strategy "goal-directed behavior" and (c) the possible mediation of emotion regulation (ER) on motivational concepts...
November 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112856/the-experience-of-violence-against-children-in-domestic-servitude-in-haiti-results-from-the-violence-against-children-survey-haiti-2012
#5
Leah Gilbert, Avid Reza, James Mercy, Veronica Lea, Juliette Lee, Likang Xu, Louis Herns Marcelin, Marisa Hast, John Vertefeuille, Jean Wysler Domercant
BACKGROUND: There have been estimates that over 150,000 Haitian children are living in servitude. Child domestic servants who perform unpaid labor are referred to as "restavèks." Restavèks are often stigmatized, prohibited from attending school, and isolated from family placing them at higher risk for experiencing violence. In the absence of national data on the experiences of restavèks in Haiti, the study objective was to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of restavèks in Haiti and to assess their experiences of violence in childhood...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112855/teachers-stress-intensifies-violent-disciplining-in-tanzanian-secondary-schools
#6
Tobias Hecker, Katharina Goessmann, Mabula Nkuba, Katharin Hermenau
Violent forms of discipline in schools continue to be widespread across the globe despite their damaging effects. Since little is known about factors influencing the extent of violence applied by teachers, this study aimed to investigate the influence of teachers' stress, work satisfaction, and personal characteristics on their disciplining style. Using structural equation modeling, associations between violent discipline, burnout symptoms, and job perceptions (pressure and difficulties in class) reported by 222 teachers from 11 secondary schools in Tanzania in 2015 were analyzed...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107892/implementation-of-deinstitutionalization-of-child-care-institutions-in-post-soviet-countries-the-case-of-azerbaijan
#7
Aytakin Huseynli
Institutional care has proven to be detrimental for child development. This study examined the status of the State Program on Deinstitutionalization and Alternative Care (SPDAC), a public policy aimed at transforming 55 institutions covering 14,500 children during 2006-2016 in Azerbaijan. The success of this public policy was crucial for the country's entire child welfare system. The study used a crosssectional, descriptive, exploratory, and qualitative method. Data were collected through in-depth, semistructured interviews and archival resources...
November 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102869/temperamental-sensitivity-to-early-maltreatment-and-later-family-cohesion-for-externalizing-behaviors-in-youth-adopted-from-foster-care
#8
Irene Tung, Amanda N Noroña, Steve S Lee, Audra K Langley, Jill M Waterman
Children in foster care frequently have histories of physical/sexual abuse and neglect, increasing their risk for externalizing behaviors (EB; e.g., aggression). According to the differential susceptibility theory, children with reactive temperaments (e.g., negative emotionality) may be particularly vulnerable to early maltreatment, but may also benefit the most from environmental enrichment such as family cohesion. In a high-risk longitudinal sample of 82 children adopted from foster care in Los Angeles County from 1996 and 2001, we examined predictions of EB from childhood to adolescence/young adulthood from temperament, preadoption maltreatment, and adoptive family cohesion...
November 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102868/associations-of-adversity-in-childhood-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-mid-adulthood
#9
Emma L Anderson, Abigail Fraser, Rishi Caleyachetty, Rebecca Hardy, Debbie A Lawlor, Laura D Howe
Studies assessing associations of childhood psychosocial adversity (e.g. sexual abuse, physical neglect, parental death), as opposed to socioeconomic adversity, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adulthood are scarce. The aim of this study is to assess associations of various types of psychosocial adversity and cumulative adversity in childhood, with multiple CVD risk factors in mid-life. At study enrolment, women from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (N=3612) retrospectively reported: lack of maternal care, maternal overprotection, parental mental illness, household dysfunction, sexual abuse, physical and emotional abuse, and neglect in childhood...
November 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102439/the-barriers-to-a-national-inquiry-into-child-sexual-abuse-in-the-united-states
#10
Marci A Hamilton
There is an often-overlooked but critical factor at the center of institutional child sexual abuse that must be acknowledged and addressed: adults tend to place the interest of institutions and other adults above the protection of children. As the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse has shown, this phenomenon is evident across institutional settings and any institutional reform aimed at improving child safety must therefore guard against this tendency if it is to be effective in protecting children...
November 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101833/preventing-violence-against-children-in-schools-contributions-from-the-be-safe-program-in-sri-lanka
#11
Steven Lam, Christine Zwart, Inem Chahal, David Lane, Harry Cummings
Violence against children is a global public health issue with serious social, economic, physical, and emotional impacts. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a school-based program aimed to prevent and respond to physical, sexual, and psychological violence against children in Sri Lanka from the perspective of parents. A cross-sectional retrospective study design was used. A total of 835 parents of children who participated in the program were surveyed across seven districts in Sri Lanka. Dose-response analyses were conducted to assess for correlations between program exposure and perceived prevention of violence against children...
November 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101832/transformational-change-in-parenting-practices-after-child-interpersonal-trauma-a-grounded-theory-examination-of-parental-response
#12
Jorden A Cummings
Child interpersonal trauma is associated with a host of negative outcomes, both concurrently and in adulthood. Parental responses following trauma can play an important role in modulating child responses, symptoms, and post-trauma functioning. However, parents themselves are also impacted after their child experiences trauma, reporting distress, psychopathology, concerns about the child's safety, changes in discipline and protectiveness, and feelings of blame. Most of this previous research, however, suffers from methodological limitations such as focusing on description and correlations, providing static "one shot" assessments of parenting after trauma, and relying mainly on results related to child sexual abuse...
November 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100038/associations-of-neighborhood-disorganization-and-maternal-spanking-with-children-s-aggression-a-fixed-effects-regression-analysis
#13
Julie Ma, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Shawna J Lee
This study employed fixed effects regression that controls for selection bias, omitted variables bias, and all time-invariant aspects of parent and child characteristics to examine the simultaneous associations between neighborhood disorganization, maternal spanking, and aggressive behavior in early childhood using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS). Analysis was based on 2,472 children and their mothers who participated in Wave 3 (2001-2003; child age 3) and Wave 4 (2003-2006; child age 5) of the FFCWS...
November 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100668/remaking-collective-knowledge-an-analysis-of-the-complex-and-multiple-effects-of-inquiries-into-historical-institutional-child-abuse
#14
Katie Wright
This article provides an overview and critical analysis of inquiries into historical institutional child abuse and examines their multiple functions and complex effects. The article takes a broadly international view but focuses primarily on Australia, the UK and Ireland, jurisdictions in which there have been major national inquiries. Drawing on sociological and other social science literature, it begins by considering the forms, functions, and purposes of inquiries. An overview of emergent concerns with institutional abuse in the 1980s and 1990s is then provided, followed by an examination of the response of many governments since that time in establishing inquiries...
October 31, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096162/violence-against-children-in-afghanistan-concerns-and-opportunities-for-positive-change
#15
Patrick O'Leary, Cate M Cameron, Ali Lakhani, Jodie M Osborne, Luana de Souza, Kristen Hope, Mohammad S Naimi, Hassan Khan, Qazi S Jawad, Sabir Majidi
Violence against children (VAC) in Afghanistan is a serious issue in the context of many decades of conflict and poverty. To date, limited studies have explored the extent of VAC in Afghanistan and the settings where VAC takes place. To understand (i) the extent of VAC, (ii) settings where VAC takes place, (iii) parental forms of VAC and (iv) regional differences, an interview administered cross-sectional survey was employed among a community sample of 145 children and 104 parents living within Kabul, Torkham, and Jalalabad...
October 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089140/resilience-following-emotional-abuse-by-teachers-insights-from-a-cross-sectional-study-with-greek-students
#16
Finiki Nearchou
An integrative socio-ecological model was developed to investigate the impact of emotional abuse by teachers on children's psychological functioning and test the role of social support and self-confidence as protective factors associated with resilience. Emotional abuse by teachers, social support from family, peers, school and a significant adult from the community, self-confidence and psychological functioning were assessed in a sample of young Greek school students aged 9-12 years (n=223, mean age=10.8, SD=0...
October 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096161/children-s-disclosures-of-sexual-abuse-in-a-population-based-sample
#17
Hanna-Mari Lahtinen, Aarno Laitila, Julia Korkman, Noora Ellonen
Most previous studies on disclosing child sexual abuse (CSA) have either been retrospective or focused on children who already have disclosed. The present study aimed to explore the overall CSA disclosure rate and factors associated with disclosing to adults in a large population-based sample. A representative sample of 11,364 sixth and ninth graders participated in the Finnish Child Victim Survey concerning experiences of violence, including CSA. CSA was defined as having sexual experiences with a person at least five years older at the time of the experience...
October 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079034/education-and-learning-in-the-context-of-childhood-abuse-neglect-and-related-stressor-the-nexus-of-health-and-education
#18
EDITORIAL
Shanta R Dube, Garry W McGiboney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078100/prenatal-substance-exposure-diagnosed-at-birth-and-infant-involvement-with-child-protective-services
#19
John J Prindle, Ivy Hammond, Emily Putnam-Hornstein
Infants have the highest rates of maltreatment reporting and entries to foster care. Prenatal substance exposure is thought to contribute to early involvement with child protective services (CPS), yet there have been limited data with which to examine this relationship or variations by substance type. Using linked birth, hospital discharge, and CPS records from California, we estimated the population prevalence of medically diagnosed substance exposure and neonatal withdrawal disorders at birth. We then explored the corresponding rates of CPS involvement during the first year of life by substance type after adjusting for sociodemographic and health factors...
October 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074261/examining-the-relationship-between-higher-educational-attainment-trauma-symptoms-and-internalizing-behaviors-in-child-sexual-abuse-survivors
#20
Kimberly Hardner, Molly R Wolf, Elaine S Rinfrette
The trauma symptoms of child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors don't end with the abuse, or even with the advent of adulthood. Instead, these symptoms can persist into all the realms of a survivor's life, including education, which sets the foundation for career advancement. This retrospective study of adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (n=260) examined the relationships between trauma symptoms, dissociation, dissociative amnesia, anxiety, depression, sleep problems and higher education attainment. The purpose of this study was to determine if these factors are associated with higher education completion for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors...
October 23, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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