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Child Abuse & Neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442195/changing-attitudes-about-spanking-among-conservative-christians-using-interventions-that-focus-on-empirical-research-evidence-and-progressive-biblical-interpretations
#1
Cindy Miller-Perrin, Robin Perrin
This study examined how interventions that include either empirical research evidence about spanking, progressive biblical interpretations, or both, affect attitudes and intentions about spanking. A sample of 129 college students (70% female; 30% male; Mage=19) attending a private, Christian university was randomly assigned to one of three intervention conditions: (1) Research Only, (2) Religion Only, or (3) Research and Religion. Four weeks prior to the intervention sessions, students completed a Demographic Form, the Religious Fundamentalism Scale, and the Attitudes Toward Spanking (ATS) scale...
April 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442194/a-child-abuse-research-network-now-what
#2
Daniel M Lindberg, Philip V Scribano
As foundational work in preparation for a sustainable, multi-center network devoted to child abuse medical research, we recently used a combination of survey and modified Delphi methodologies to determine research priorities for future multi-center studies. Avoiding missed diagnoses, and improving selected/indicated prevention were the topics rated most highly in terms of research priority. Several constructive commentaries in this issue identify the key challenges which must be overcome to ensure a successful network...
April 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437731/children-and-adolescents-facing-a-continuous-security-threat-aggressive-behavior-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#3
Orit Nuttman-Shwartz
There is extensive research evidence indicating that children and youth are the most vulnerable population for developing psychological symptoms relating to war and terror. Although studies have documented a wide range of detrimental emotional and behavioral effects of such exposure, much less is known about the effects of exposure to a continuous security threat for children and adolescents. Against this background, the current article examined the implications of continuous exposure to missile attacks among 1096 children and adolescents enrolled in public schools near the Israeli border with Gaza...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437730/the-practice-of-prosecuting-child-maltreatment-results-of-an-online-survey-of-prosecutors
#4
Theodore P Cross, Debra Whitcomb
Despite efforts by advocates, practitioners, and legislators to alleviate the burden on child maltreatment victims in the criminal justice system, many challenges remain for prosecutors as they seek to hold offenders accountable while minimizing the emotional impact on children. More than 200 state and local prosecutors in 37 states responded to an online survey to share their perspectives on current challenges, procedures to support children in the adjudication process, and the impact of the U.S. Supreme Court opinion in Crawford v...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434644/research-priorities-for-a-multi-center-child-abuse-network-lessons-learned-from-pediatric-emergency-medicine-networks
#5
Rachel M Stanley, Lise E Nigrovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433205/federal-research-priorities-in-child-abuse-and-neglect-research-a-commentary-on-multi-site-research-networks
#6
Valerie Maholmes
The National Institutes of Health has a long history of supporting investigator initiated child abuse research, including risk-factor studies on prevalence, course and consequences of child abuse and neglect. These studies laid the ground work for prevention research as well as the development and testing of therapeutic interventions. The newly established Pediatric Trauma and Critical Illness Branch at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development represents a new opportunity to call attention to the need for greater collaboration among researchers to build on prior work, pursue complex lines of inquiry, address more medically focused research and new clinical questions that will heighten the awareness of the unique needs for treatment and care of abused children...
April 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427000/psychological-maltreatment-coping-strategies-and-mental-health-problems-a-brief-and-effective-measure-of-psychological-maltreatment-in-adolescents
#7
Gökmen Arslan
Psychological maltreatment is an important social and public health problem and associated with a wide range of short and long-term outcomes in childhood to adulthood. Given the importance of investigating mitigating factors on its effect, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the mediating effect of active and avoidant coping strategies on the association between psychological maltreatment and mental health- internalizing and externalizing- problems in adolescents. Participants of the study consisted of 783 adolescents, ranging in age from 14 to 18 years (M=15...
April 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420492/commentary-on-research-priorities-for-a-multicenter-child-abuse-pediatrics-network-capnet-by-lindberg-d-et-al-2017-need-for-internationally-agreed-definitions-of-child-maltreatment-for-research-purposes
#8
REVIEW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419887/unpacking-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-adult-mental-health
#9
Melissa T Merrick, Katie A Ports, Derek C Ford, Tracie O Afifi, Elizabeth T Gershoff, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Exposure to childhood adversity has an impact on adult mental health, increasing the risk for depression and suicide. Associations between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and several adult mental and behavioral health outcomes are well documented in the literature, establishing the need for prevention. The current study analyzes the relationship between an expanded ACE score that includes being spanked as a child and adult mental health outcomes by examining each ACE separately to determine the contribution of each ACE...
April 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415027/the-influence-of-sex-on-mock-jurors-verdicts-across-type-of-child-abuse-cases
#10
Jennifer Pettalia, Joanna D Pozzulo, Jennifer Reed
This study examined the influence of victim sex, mock juror sex, and type of child abuse (physical, sexual, emotional, and neglect) on mock jurors' assessments of eyewitness and defendant integrity, continuous guilt ratings, dichotomous verdicts, and sentencing recommendations. Participants read one of eight versions of a trial transcript and then answered a self-report questionnaire. Female mock jurors were significantly more likely to find the defendant guilty overall. Moreover, female mock jurors recommended significantly longer sentences for defendants in sexual abuse cases; whereas, male mock jurors recommended significantly longer sentences for defendants in sexual and physical abuse cases...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414940/sexual-reoffense-trajectories-with-youths-in-the-child-welfare-system
#11
L M Grossi, Alexandra Brereton, Austin F Lee, Ann Schuler, Robert A Prentky
The present study sought to determine whether the persistence of problematic sexualized behaviors (PSBs) committed by boys in the Massachusetts child welfare system would lend support to previous taxonomies categorizing offenders as early-onset/life course-persistent, adolescence-onset/adolescence-limited, or childhood-limited in their offending behavior. We examined the persistence of PSBs in a male sample (N=638; age range: two to 17), using a retrospective longitudinal archival design. Procedures involved a comprehensive archival review of records from the Department of Children and Families...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414939/reporting-rates-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-indigenous-communities-in-two-australian-jurisdictions
#12
Cate Bailey, Martine Powell, Sonja Brubacher
Child sexual abuse is a significant problem in many Indigenous communities; there is also evidence of chronic under-reporting of this crime. This study aimed to compare reporting rates between Indigenous and non-Indigenous cases of child sexual abuse across two Australian jurisdictions. Datasets comprising child sexual abuse reports from the Police Information Management Systems of the two jurisdictions were used to calculate reporting rates, and to compare case characteristics and case progression. Results indicated that the reporting rate for child sexual abuse of Indigenous children was between two and four times that of non-Indigenous children...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414938/violence-against-children-perpetrated-by-peers-a-cross-sectional-school-based-survey-in-uganda
#13
Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Kelly Clarke, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Eddy Walakira, Sophie Namy, Dipak Naker, Karen Devries
Violence against children by peers is a global public health problem. We aimed to assess factors associated with peer violence victimization among primary school children in Uganda. We conducted multilevel multivariable logistic regression analyses of cross-sectional data from 3706 primary students in 42 Ugandan primary schools. Among primary school students, 29% and 34% had ever experienced physical and emotional violence perpetrated by their peers, respectively. Factors strongly associated with both physical and emotional violence were similar and overlapping, and included exposure to interparental violence, having an attitude supportive of violence against children from school staff, not living with biological parents, working for payment, and higher SDQ score...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399466/the-influence-of-childhood-polyvictimization-on-disordered-eating-symptoms-in-emerging-adulthood
#14
Amanda J Hasselle, Kathryn H Howell, Madeline Dormois, Laura E Miller-Graff
Children who endure multiple victimization experiences, or "polyvictims," are vulnerable to maladaptive outcomes. Yet, little research exists evaluating the relationship between childhood polyvictimization and disordered eating symptoms (DES) in emerging adulthood. The current study examines the relationship between childhood polyvictimization and DES in emerging adults. Data were collected from 288 participants across two universities using online self-report measures. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between number of childhood victimization experiences and DES in young adulthood (ß=0...
April 8, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395194/neuroticism-as-a-risk-factor-for-child-abuse-in-victims-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#15
Coralie Boillat, Nathalie Schwab, Matthias Stutz, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Findings on the relationship of experienced sexual abuse and abuse behavior in adulthood are ambiguous. However, associations between experienced abuse and neuroticism as well as between neuroticism and active child abuse have been reported repeatedly. In our study, we compared pedosexual child abusers with consumers of internet child pornography and control subjects with adult-sexual preference with regard to traumatic childhood experience (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, CTQ), personality traits (NEO - Personality Inventory - Revised, NEO-PI-R), and sexual abnormalities (Multiphasic Sex Inventory, MSI)...
April 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395193/foster-care-reentry-a-survival-analysis-assessing-differences-across-permanency-type
#16
Emily Smith Goering, Terry V Shaw
Foster care reentry is an important factor for evaluating the overall success of permanency. Rates of reentry are typically only measured for 12-months and are often evaluated only for children who exit foster care to reunification and not across exit types, also known as 'permanency types'. This study examined the odds of reentry across multiple common permanency types for a cohort of 8107 children who achieved permanency between 2009 and 2013. Overall, 14% of children reentered care within 18-months with an average time to reentry of 6...
April 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391075/trauma-symptom-profiles-of-adolescents-in-child-welfare
#17
Elena Gallitto, Jennifer Lyons, Kelly Weegar, Elisa Romano
In the province of Ontario (Canada), over 28,900 adolescents are investigated by child welfare agencies each year because of suspected maltreatment. Exposure to childhood maltreatment represents a major threat to the psychological well-being of young people, particularly in terms of trauma-related stress. The present study investigated trauma symptom profiles among 479 adolescents (13-17 years) involved with the Canadian child welfare system between 2003 and 2010. Latent profile analysis identified three profiles using self-report data from the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children...
April 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391074/redrawing-the-line-an-exploration-of-how-lay-people-construct-child-neglect
#18
Sasha Emma Williams
While there has been an increasing professional and political focus on the prevalence and harmfulness of child neglect, little has been done to explore what child neglect means outside child protection circles. This qualitative study explores lay constructions of child neglect by thematically analyzing focus group discussions between 46 self-defined 'lay' people in England. Participants viewed neglect as extremely damaging for children and as arising when children's physical, emotional, training and supervisory needs were unmet due to abnormal parental behavior...
April 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388466/parent-child-aggression-adult-partner-violence-and-child-outcomes-a-prospective-population-based-study
#19
E K Maneta, M White, E Mezzacappa
Parent-child physical aggression (PCPA) and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) are common forms of family violence that often co-occur. Their deleterious effects on children and adolescents have been well documented. However, important questions remain regarding whether the type of violence exposure, the experience of one or both forms, the chronicity of violent experiences, and the age, gender, and SES of the child, differentially influence developmental outcomes. Data on 2810 children from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods were analyzed...
April 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371647/emotion-dysregulation-as-a-mechanism-linking-child-maltreatment-exposure-and-self-harm-behaviors-in-adolescents
#20
Chao Xu Peh, Shazana Shahwan, Restria Fauziana, Mithila V Mahesh, Rajeswari Sambasivam, YunJue Zhang, Say How Ong, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
Although child maltreatment exposure is a recognized risk factor for self-harm, mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear. Self-harm may function as a compensatory strategy to regulate distressing emotions. This cross-sectional study examines if emotion dysregulation mediates between the severity of maltreatment exposure and self-harm, adjusting for demographic variables and depressive symptoms. Participants were 108 adolescent patients recruited from a psychiatric hospital in Singapore (mean age 17...
March 31, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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