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Optics Letters

Francisco Silva, Benjamín Alonso, Warein Holgado, Rosa Romero, Julio San Román, Enrique Conejero Jarque, Hans Koop, Vladimir Pervak, Helder Crespo, Íñigo J Sola
Intense few- and single-cycle pulses are powerful tools in different fields of science Today, third- and higher-order terms in the remnant spectral phase of the pulses remain a major obstacle for obtaining high-quality few- and single-cycle pulses from in-line post-compression setups. In this Letter, we show how input pulse shaping can successfully be applied to standard post-compression setups to minimize the occurrence of high-order phase components during nonlinear propagation and to directly obtain pulses with durations down to 3 fs...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Mojtaba Hajialamdari, Donna Strickland
This Erratum is presented to correct the reported [Opt. Lett.37, 3570 (2012)] power of the generated long wavelength, mid-infrared power.
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Fang-Xiang Wang, Juan Wu, Wei Chen, Zhen-Qiang Yin, Shuang Wang, Guang-Can Guo, Zheng-Fu Han
Phase manipulation is essential to quantum information processing, for which the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of photon is a promising high-dimensional resource. Dove prism (DP) is one of the most important elements to realize the nondestructive phase manipulation of OAM photons. DP usually changes the polarization of light and thus increases the manipulation error for a spin-OAM hybrid state. DP in a Sagnac interferometer also introduces a mode-dependent global phase to the OAM mode. In this work, we implemented a high-dimensional controlled-phase manipulation module (PMM), which can compensate the mode-dependent global phase and thus preserve the phase in the spin-OAM hybrid superposition state...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Haiyong Zhu, Junhong Guo, Yanmin Duan, Jing Zhang, Yongchang Zhang, Changwen Xu, Hongyan Wang, Dianyuan Fan
An intra-cavity optical parametric oscillator (OPO) emitting at 1.7 μm derived by Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser is demonstrated in this Letter, with a KTiOAsO4 (KTA) crystal used as nonlinear optical crystal. A laser diode end-pumped acousto-optic Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser at 1176 nm was employed as the pump source. At an incident pump power of 12.1 W and a pulse repetition frequency of 60 kHz, average output power up to 1.2 W signal light at 1742 nm was obtained, with diode-to-signal conversion efficiency of 10%...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Wen-Hsuan Kuan, Li-Ting Kao, Jing-Yun Wang, Kuei-Huei Lin
We report a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with pulse widths switchable from 473 fs to 76.8 ns, where the fundamental mode-locking, noise-like pulse, nanosecond mode-locking, and dual-width mode-locking (DML) are obtained by adjusting a polarization controller. Co-existence of femto- and nano-second pulses in DML is attributed to the gain balancing. Analytic modeling of the fiber laser with the cubic-quintic Ginzburg-Landau equation is presented, in which the pulse widths are calculated as functions of dispersion, self-phase modulation (SPM), cubic saturable absorption (SA), and quintic SA...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Farzia Karim, Erick S Vasquez, Chenglong Zhao
A rapid and cost-effective method for the fabrication of nanogap-rich structures is demonstrated in this Letter. The method utilizes the Marangoni convection around an optothermal surface bubble inside a liquid droplet with a nanoliter volume. The liquid droplet containing metallic nanoparticles reduces the sample consumption and confines the liquid flow. The optothermal surface bubble creates a strong convective flow that allows for the rapid deposition of the metallic nanoparticles to form nanogap-rich structures on any substrate under ambient conditions...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Zhijing Zhu, Hao Chi, Tao Jin, Shilie Zheng, Xianbin Yu, Xiaofeng Jin, Xianmin Zhang
In this Letter, we propose an approach to achieving photonics-enabled compressive sensing of sparse wideband radio frequency signals in which an incoherent broadband source is applied, and the mixing and integration functions are realized in the optical domain. A spectrum shaper is employed to slice and encode the spectrum of the broadband light according to a predetermined random sequence. Because of the dispersion-induced group delay, the mixing between the incoming signal and the random bit sequence is achieved...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Xiao-Fei Liu, Tie-Jun Wang, Chuan Wang
Erbium-doped whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) microcavities have great potential in many important applications, such as the precision detection and the micro/nano laser. However, they are sensitive to the fluctuations from the pump laser and the environment. Here we demonstrate the precise controlling of transmission spectra and optical gains using optothermal scanning methods in erbium-doped WGM microcavities. The transmission spectrum of the probe signal exhibits the transition between asymmetric Fano-like resonance and the Lorentz peak (or dip) through tuning the input frequency and the scanning speed of the pump laser...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Shaobei Li, Chao Liang, Feifei Li, Lihong Shi, Chengwei Du, Bolin Fan, Xuliang Wang, Zhitao Zan, Hongjian Chen, Wenbo Yan
We develop on lithium niobate crystals a photorefractive direct-laser-writing approach, in which we combine in one beam both direct writing and phase-delay probing functionalities to extract the in situ information of the refractive index or the electrostatic field. The phase-delay signal, predicted well by the photorefractive theory, is used as feedback for tuning the exposure time or scanning speed of the focused laser in order to control the refractive index change (Δn) at single points and scanning lines...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Pawel Latawiec, Vivek Venkataraman, Amirhassan Shams-Ansari, Matthew Markham, Marko Lončar
Using a high-Q diamond microresonator (Q>300,000) interfaced with high-power-handling directly-written doped-glass waveguides, we demonstrate a Raman laser in an integrated platform pumped in the near-visible. Both TM-to-TE and TE-to-TE lasing is observed, with a Raman lasing threshold as low as 20 mW and Stokes power of over 1 mW at 120 mW pump power. Stokes emission is tuned over a 150 nm (60 THz) bandwidth of approximately 875 nm wavelength, corresponding to 17.5% of the center frequency.
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Kunjian Cao, Yi Liu, Shiliang Qu
This publisher's note corrects an error in the funding section in Opt. Lett.42, 4418 (2017).OPLEDP0146-959210.1364/OL.42.004418.
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Alaa Al-Kadry, Donna Strickland
An Erratum is presented to correct the reported [Opt. Lett.36, 1080 (2011)OPLEDP0146-959210.1364/OL.36.001080] power of the generated long wavelength, mid-infrared power.
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Megan E Paciaroni, Yi Chen, Kyle P Lynch, Daniel R Guildenbecher
Conventional particle image velocimetry (PIV) configurations require a minimum of two optical access ports, inherently restricting the technique to a limited class of flows. Here, the development and application of a novel method of backscattered time-gated PIV requiring a single-optical-access port is described along with preliminary results. The light backscattered from a seeded flow is imaged over a narrow optical depth selected by an optical Kerr effect (OKE) time gate. The picosecond duration of the OKE time gate essentially replicates the width of the laser sheet of conventional PIV by limiting detected photons to a narrow time-of-flight within the flow...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Benoît Gouhier, Germain Guiraud, Sergio Rota-Rodrigo, Jian Zhao, Nicholas Traynor, Giorgio Santarelli
This Letter reports on the development of a 25 W single-frequency, all-fiber master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) operating at 1120 nm. By heating the gain fiber at 75°C, an output power of 25.3 W is achieved with an optical-to-optical efficiency of 53.5%. The output shows no sign of stimulated Brillouin scattering and the signal to amplified spontaneous emission ratio is close to 40 dB. A M2 value of 1.15 and a polarization extinction ratio of 17 dB are measured. The relative intensity noise of the output is also characterized, reaching -155  dBc/Hz at 10 MHz at the maximum output power...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Balys Momgaudis, Stephane Guizard, Allan Bilde, Andrius Melninkaitis
In this Letter, a novel method to evaluate nonlinear refractive index using time-resolved digital holographic microscopy is introduced. To demonstrate the viability of the method, cross-correlative nonlinear refractive index values for sapphire are measured experimentally: 2.75·10-20  m2/W at 1030 nm and 4.10·10-20    m2/W 515 nm wavelengths. The obtained results for sapphire are compared to those available in literature obtained by other methods.
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Jeonghyun Huh, José Azaña
A fiber-optic system is proposed and experimentally demonstrated for real-time, on-the-fly identification of an incoherent-light energy spectrum pattern based on dispersion-induced time-spectrum convolution. In the proposed system, the incoming frequency-spectrum patterns to be identified are modulated by a time-mapped version of the target intensity profile. Following propagation through a suitable fiber-optic dispersive medium, the measured output temporal waveform provides a correlation of the incoming spectra with the programmed target pattern...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Ramon A Martinez, Genevieve Plant, Kaiwen Guo, Brian Janiszewski, Michael J Freeman, Robert L Maynard, Mohammed N Islam, Fred L Terry, Oseas Alvarez, Francois Chenard, Robert Bedford, Ricky Gibson, Agustin I Ifarraguerri
We demonstrate an all-fiber supercontinuum source that generates a continuous spectrum from 1.6 μm to >11  μm with 417 mW on-time average power at 33% duty cycle. By utilizing a master oscillator power amplifier pump with three amplification stages and concatenating solid core ZBLAN, arsenic sulfide, and arsenic selenide fibers, we shift 1550 nm light to ∼4.5  μm, ∼6.5  μm, and >11  μm, respectively. With 69 mW past 7.5 μm, this source provides both high power and broad spectral expansion, while outputting a single fundamental mode...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Shuiqin Zheng, Xinjian Pan, Yi Cai, Qinggang Lin, Ying Li, Shixiang Xu, Jingzhen Li, Dianyuan Fan
This publisher's note corrects an error in one of the authors' names and an error in one of the grant numbers in Opt. Lett.42, 4263 (2017).
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Yijie Shen, Yuan Meng, Xing Fu, Mali Gong
A dual-off-axis pumping scheme is presented to generate wavelength-tunable high-order Hermite-Gaussian (HG) modes in Yb:CaGdAlO4 lasers. The mode and wavelength can be actively controlled by the off-axis displacements and pump power. The purities of the output HG modes are quantified by intensity distributions and the measured M2 values. The highest order reaches m=15 for stable HGm,0 mode, and wavelength-tunable width is about 10 nm. Moreover, through externally converting the HGm,0 modes, the vortex beams carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) with a large OAM-tunable range from ±1ℏ to ±15ℏ are produced...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Joshua R Hendrickson, Richard Soref, Ricky Gibson
Design and simulation results are presented for an on-chip 2×2 Mach-Zehnder-based optical switch where each arm of the interferometer is composed of a coupled-resonator optical waveguide. The individual resonators are one-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam cavities, and switching occurs through thermally induced changes in the refractive index of the silicon structure using integrated heating pads. The performance of the coupled-resonator device is directly compared to its single resonator counterpart, and significant improvement is found in the bar-state CT metric...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
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