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Early Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914275/inter-observer-agreement-of-the-general-movements-assessment-with-infants-following-surgery
#1
Cathryn Crowle, Claire Galea, Catherine Morgan, Iona Novak, Karen Walker, Nadia Badawi
BACKGROUND: The General Movements Assessment (GMA) is a validated and reliable method of identifying infants at risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes, however there is minimal data available on the use of the GMA with infants following surgery. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-observer agreement for the GMA with this infant population. STUDY DESIGN: Reliability and agreement study. SUBJECTS: This was a prospective cohort study of 190 infants (male n=112) born at term (mean 38weeks, SD 2weeks)...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914274/the-adaptive-psychological-changes-of-elective-induction-of-labor-in-breastfeeding-women
#2
Vincenzo Zanardo, Martina Bertin, Laura Sansone, Laura Felice
BACKGROUND: Labor induction has been associated with breastfeeding suppression, but reasons for why this association exists have not been well determined. METHODS: We examined the influence of elective labor induction by vaginal prostaglandin at gestational week 41(+3)days on affective, cognitive, and behavioural adaptations early in puerperium and on breastfeeding pattern at 1 and 3months. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty consecutive puerperae were assigned to two groups: mothers having received vaginal prostaglandin E2 gel (Prepidil®, dinoprostone) before labor (PGE group, n=90) and mothers having received no treatment (unmedicated group, n=90)...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914273/quality-of-attachment-in-infants-less-than-1500g-or-less-than-32weeks-related-factors
#3
María López-Maestro, Purificación Sierra-Garcia, Celia Diaz-Gonzalez, Ma Jose Torres-Valdivieso, David Lora-Pablos, Susana Ares-Segura, Carmen R Pallás-Alonso
BACKGROUND: Prematurity carries a high risk of mortality and sequelae, altering the bonding process and leading to repercussions in terms of attachment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the type of attachment in children under 32weeks' gestational age (GA) or below 1500g, in hospitals where development-centred care has been implemented and to study the association between various types of attachment and certain neonatal and family characteristics. METHOD: Children <1500g or <32weeks GA who were born or admitted before 48h of life to one of two hospitals in Madrid between January and December 2012 were candidates for the study...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838549/relationship-between-transcutaneous-bilirubin-and-circulating-unbound-bilirubin-in-jaundiced-neonates
#4
Emmanuelle Letamendia-Richard, Rafik Ben Ammar, Ascanio Tridente, Daniele De Luca
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) consists of the skin-deposited bilirubin. Free bilirubin represents the protein-unbound bilirubin (UB) that is able to pass into the tissues. We aimed to describe the relationship UB-TcB and study the passage of UB into the skin. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 194 neonates and we measured TcB, UB, serum bilirubin and albumin. Multiple sites TcB measurement was performed, bilirubin-albumin equilibrium constant and plasma bilirubin avidity (PBA) were calculated...
November 10, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838548/management-of-the-giant-occipital-encephaloceles-in-the-neonates
#5
Nail Ozdemir, Senem Alkan Ozdemir, Esra Arun Ozer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825042/the-sex-ratio-at-birth-in-south-africa-may-be-a-sentinel-health-indicator
#6
Victor Grech, Gwinyai Masukume
INTRODUCTION: The sex ratio at birth is commonly expressed as M/T, denoting male births divided by total births. Males are almost invariably born slightly in excess. Stress and negative socioeconomic conditions lower M/T and this has been mooted as a possible reason for the observed low M/T for Black births worldwide. South Africa is experiencing a period of economic prosperity. This study was carried out in order to ascertain whether improving conditions in South Africa as measured by available health indicators, were associated with a rise in M/T in this country...
November 5, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825041/the-ontogeny-of-fidgety-movements-from-4-to-20weeks-post-term-age-in-healthy-full-term-infants
#7
Fabrizio Ferrari, Rossella Frassoldati, Alberto Berardi, Francesca Di Palma, Luca Ori, Laura Lucaccioni, Natascia Bertoncelli, Christa Einspieler
BACKGROUND: Fidgety movements (FMs) are an early accurate marker for normal development. AIM: The study assessed the ontogeny of normal FMs from 4 to 20weeks post-term age (PTA). STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective study of healthy full-term infants video recorded every second week from birth to 20weeks PTA. SUBJECTS: 21 full-term newborns were enrolled. OUTCOME MEASURES: Temporal organization, amplitude, character, predominance in proximal and/or distal parts of the body and the presence of FMs in fingers and wrists were independently scored by three observers...
October 27, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825040/outcome-of-isolated-gastroschisis-an-international-study-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Chiara C M M Lap, Maria L Brizot, Lourens R Pistorius, William L M Kramer, Ivo B Teeuwen, Marinus J Eijkemans, Hens A A Brouwers, Eva Pajkrt, Anton H van Kaam, Phebe N Adama van Scheltema, Alex J Eggink, Arno F van Heijst, Monique C Haak, Mirjam M van Weissenbruch, Christien Sleeboom, Christine Willekes, Mark A van der Hoeven, Ernst L van Heurn, Catherina M Bilardo, Peter H Dijk, Robertine van Baren, Rossana P V Francisco, Ana C A Tannuri, Gerard H A Visser, Gwendolyn T R Manten
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcome of children born with isolated gastroschisis (no extra-gastrointestinal congenital abnormalities). STUDY DESIGN: International cohort study and meta-analysis. PRIMARY OUTCOME: time to full enteral feeding (TFEF); secondary outcomes: Duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay (LOS), mortality and differences in outcome between simple and complex gastroschisis (complex; born with bowel atresia, volvulus, perforation or necrosis)...
October 27, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750190/digit-ratio-2d-4d-in-primary-brain-tumor-patients-a-case-control-study
#9
Adomas Bunevicius, Sarunas Tamasauskas, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Arimantas Tamasauskas, Albertas Sliauzys, Robertas Bunevicius
BACKGROUND: The second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) reflects prenatal estrogen and testosterone exposure, and is established in utero. Sex steroids are implicated in development and progression of primary brain tumors. AIMS: To investigate whether there is a link between 2D:4D ratio and primary brain tumors, and age at presentation. METHODS: Digital images of the right and left palms of 85 primary brain tumor patients (age 56.96±13.68years; 71% women) and 106 (age 54...
October 14, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745924/best-practice-critical-cardiac-care-in-the-neonatal-unit
#10
Michael L Rigby
Major congenital or acquired heart disease in neonates presents with cyanosis, hypoxia, acute circulatory failure or cardiogenic shock. Antenatal diagnosis is made in up to 50% but heart disease is unanticipated in the remainder. The presence of significant heart disease in premature infants is also frequently not suspected at first; in general, whatever the underling cardiac anomaly, the clinical condition is worse, deteriorates more quickly and carries a poorer prognosis in premature and low birth weight infants...
October 13, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741476/cerebral-oxygen-saturation-during-the-first-72h-after-birth-in-infants-diagnosed-prenatally-with-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Mirthe J Mebius, Michelle E van der Laan, Elise A Verhagen, Marcus Tr Roofthooft, Arend F Bos, Elisabeth Mw Kooi
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in infants with congenital heart disease already occurs during early life. The aim of our study was, therefore, to assess the course of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rcSO2) and fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) during the first 72h after birth in infants with prenatally diagnosed duct-dependent congenital heart disease. In addition, we identified clinical parameters that were associated with rcSO2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 56 infants with duct-dependent congenital heart disease...
October 11, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723519/influence-of-nutritional-variables-on-the-onset-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants-a-case-control-study
#12
Laura Martínez-Rodríguez, Javier Estañ, Jose D Bermudez, Agustin Molina, Veronica Hortelano, Cecilia Martinez-Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718477/pregnant-women-s-cognitive-appraisal-of-a-natural-disaster-affects-their-children-s-bmi-and-central-adiposity-via-dna-methylation-project-ice-storm
#13
Lei Cao-Lei, Kelsey N Dancause, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Moshe Szyf, Suzanne King
We determined the extent to which DNA methylation mediates the effects of maternal cognitive appraisal of a natural disaster during pregnancy on offspring growth at age 13. Negative maternal cognitive appraisal predicted both lower BMI and central adiposity via DNA methylation of diabetes-related genes, suggesting a protective role of epigenetics.
October 5, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716567/growth-in-very-preterm-children-head-growth-after-discharge-is-the-best-independent-predictor-for-cognitive-outcome
#14
Karen Lidzba, Susanne Rodemann, Rangmar Goelz, Ingeborg Krägeloh-Mann, Andrea Bevot
BACKGROUND: The contribution of growth parameters to the cognitive outcome of very low birth weight (VLBW)/very preterm (VP) infants is difficult to disentangle from other preterm-birth related factors. AIMS: We hypothesized that long-term cognitive and motor outcome of VLBW/VP infants is most strongly associated with growth in head circumference after hospital discharge. STUDY DESIGN: Single-centre prospective longitudinal study: anthropometric measures at different time points (birth, discharge, school-age)...
October 5, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701040/impact-of-neonatal-risk-and-temperament-on-behavioral-problems-in-toddlers-born-preterm
#15
Rafaela Guilherme Monte Cassiano, Claudia Maria Gaspardo, Guilherme Cordaro Bucker Furini, Francisco Eulogio Martinez, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares
Children born preterm are at risk for later developmental disorders. The present study examined the predictive effects of neonatal, sociodemographic, and temperament characteristics on behavioral outcomes at toddlerhood, in children born preterm. The sample included 100 toddlers born preterm and with very-low-birth-weight, and their mothers. Neonatal characteristics were evaluated using medical records. The mothers were interviewed using the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire for temperament assessment, and the Child Behavior Checklist for behavioral assessment...
October 1, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693723/early-determinants-of-vagal-activity-at-preschool-age-with-potential-dependence-on-sex
#16
Britta Kühne, Bernd Genser, Freia De Bock
BACKGROUND: In children, autonomic nervous function is related to various highly prevalent health problems and might therefore represent an early indicator of ill health. AIMS: We aimed to investigate the role of early-life exposures and physical activity (PA) as potential determinants of autonomic function at preschool age. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: We used an existing longitudinal data set of repeated vagal tone measurements (assessed via heart rate recovery (HRR)) and retrospectively assessed early-life exposures in 1052 children (mean age: 59...
September 28, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693722/abnormal-findings-in-brainstem-auditory-evoked-response-at-36-37weeks-of-postconceptional-age-in-babies-with-neonatal-chronic-lung-disease
#17
Ze D Jiang, Cui Wang
AIM: To examine brainstem auditory function at 36-37weeks of postconceptional age in preterm infants who are diagnosed to have neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD). STUDY DESIGN: Preterm infants, born at 31 and less weeks of gestation, were studied at 36-37weeks of postconceptional age when they were diagnosed to have neonatal CLD. Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) was recorded and analyzed at different click rates. RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls at the same postconceptional age, the CLD infants showed a slightly increase in BAER wave V latency...
September 28, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689894/does-the-development-of-executive-functioning-in-infants-born-preterm-benefit-from-maternal-directiveness
#18
Eva van de Weijer-Bergsma, Lex Wijnroks, Ingrid C van Haastert, Jan Boom, Marian J Jongmans
OBJECTIVE: Problems in early development of executive functioning may underlie the vulnerability and individual variability of infants born preterm for behavioral and learning problems. Parenting behaviors may aggravate or temper this increased risk for dysfunction. This study assessed how maternal parenting behaviors predict individual differences in early development of executive functioning in infants born preterm, and whether this varies with infant temperament, i.e., self-regulation...
September 27, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685465/predictors-for-everyday-functioning-in-preschool-children-born-preterm-and-at-term
#19
Anna Karin Andersson, Lene Martin, Katarina Strand Brodd, Lena Almqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685464/digit-ratio-2d-4d-and-handgrip-strength-in-a-chinese-population-of-han-ethnicity
#20
Dan Shen, Zhanbing Ma, Lu Wang, Zhenghao Huo, Hong Lu, Junli Zhao, Wenli Qian
BACKGROUND: In humans, the relative lengths of the index finger to the ring finger (2D:4D) is a sexually dimorphic trait which correlated with prenatal sex steroids and has been increasingly used as a promising tool to evaluate the impact of prenatal hormone exposure in some traits, such as physical performance. Handgrip strength (HGS) is one potent index of physical ability and its relationship with 2D:4D ratio has been discussed in several ethnic groups. AIMS: To investigate whether there is a correlation between 2D:4D ratio and HGS in Chinese college students of Ningxia Han ethnicity...
September 26, 2016: Early Human Development
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