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Early Human Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628773/temperament-and-behavior-in-toddlers-born-preterm-with-related-clinical-problems
#1
Rafaela Guilherme Monte Cassiano, Claudia Maria Gaspardo, Ricardo Augusto de Deus Faciroli, Francisco Eulógio Martinez, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare temperament and behavior profiles among groups of preterm toddlers differentiated by level of prematurity and the presence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), controlling for neonatal clinical conditions and chronological age. METHOD: The sample comprised 100 preterm toddlers segregated according to level of prematurity (75 very preterm and 25 moderate/late preterm) and presence of BPD (n=36) and ROP (n=63)...
June 16, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618274/the-relationship-between-birth-and-placental-weights-changes-with-placental-size
#2
Carolyn M Salafia, Beata Dygulska, Gabriela Perez-Avilan, Rebecca Schmitt, Drucilla J Roberts, Xilu Ma, Dawn P Misra, Alana Devine Dunn, Sam Ngu, Hussam Inany, Nayaab Khawar, Giashuddin Shah, Pramod Narula, Sanford Lederman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602431/corrigendum-to-determinants-of-pulmonary-dead-space-in-ventilated-newborn-infants-early-hum-dev-108-2017-29-32
#3
Theodore Dassios, Ourania Kaltsogianni, Anne Greenough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595097/neuropredictors-of-oromotor-feeding-impairment-in-12month-old-children
#4
Katherine Sanchez, Angela T Morgan, Justine M Slattery, Joy E Olsen, Katherine J Lee, Peter J Anderson, Deanne K Thompson, Lex W Doyle, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Alicia J Spittle
BACKGROUND: Feeding impairment is prevalent in children with neurodevelopmental issues. Neuroimaging and neurobehavioural outcomes at term are predictive of later neuromotor impairment, but it is unknown whether they predict feeding impairment. AIMS: To determine whether neurobehavior and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at term predict oromotor feeding at 12months in preterm and term-born children. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
June 5, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577472/general-movement-trajectories-and-neurodevelopment-at-3months-of-age-following-neonatal-surgery
#5
Cathryn Crowle, Karen Walker, Claire Galea, Iona Novak, Nadia Badawi
BACKGROUND: Neonates who undergo major surgery are at risk of neurodevelopmental disability. The General Movements Assessment (GMA) is a valid and reliable method to predict neurodevelopment, however, there are minimal data on the applicability among infants post-surgery. AIM: To describe GMs trajectories following neonatal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: 217 infants following major cardiac and non-cardiac neonatal surgery...
May 31, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575725/regional-volumetric-assessment-of-the-brain-in-moderately-preterm-infants-30-35-gestational-weeks-scanned-at-term-equivalent-age-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Tetsu Niwa, Keiji Suzuki, Nobuyoshi Sugiyama, Yutaka Imai
BACKGROUND: Early volume analyses of the infantile brain may help predict neurodevelopmental outcome. However, brain volumes are not well understood in moderately preterm infants at term-equivalent age (TEA). AIM: This study retrospectively investigated the relationship between regional brain volumes and infant gestational age (GA) at birth in moderately preterm infants (30-35weeks' GA) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at TEA. METHODS: Forty infants scanned at TEA were enrolled...
May 30, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549271/the-association-between-the-early-motor-repertoire-and-language-development-in-term-children-born-after-normal-pregnancy
#7
Sahar Salavati, Christa Einspieler, Giulia Vagelli, Dajie Zhang, Jasmin Pansy, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Peter B Marschik, Arend F Bos
BACKGROUND: The assessment of the early motor repertoire is a widely used method for assessing the infant's neurological status. AIM: To determine the association between the early motor repertoire and language development. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: 22 term children born after normal pregnancy; video recorded for the assessment of the early motor repertoire including their motor optimality score (MOS), according to Prechtl, at 3 and 5months post term...
May 23, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544886/the-level-of-physical-fitness-in-children-aged-6-7years-with-low-birthweight
#8
Elżbieta Cieśla, Monika Zaręba, Sławomir Kozieł
BACKGROUND: Level of physical fitness is related to the functional status of most of the bodily functions and so it appears to be very important to identify perinatal factors influencing physical fitness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of birth weight on the level of physical fitness in children 6-7years of age. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Physical fitness was assessed using EUROFIT tests in 28,623 children, aged 6-7years, from rural areas in Poland...
May 22, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535430/dilated-azygos-arch-mimicking-an-aortic-arch-anomaly-during-thoracic-surgery
#9
Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Ettore Piro, Mario Giuffrè, Giuseppa Pinello, Giovanni Corsello
Cardiovascular malformations are frequently associated in patients with esophageal atresia (EA). We observed azygos continuation mimicking an aortic arch anomaly in four newborns with type III EA. They presented concomitant rib anomalies indicating a common developmental defect. Foreknowledge is important for planning thoracotomy or interventional cardiac catheterization in this population.
May 20, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531808/prenatal-diagnosis-of-biliary-atresia-a-case-series
#10
O Shen, H Y Sela, H Nagar, R Rabinowitz, E Jacobovich, D Chen, E Granot
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia is a progressive disease presenting with jaundice, and is the most common indication for liver transplantation in the pediatric population. Prenatal series have yielded conflicting results concerning a possible association between BA and prenatal nonvisualization of the gallbladder. AIMS: This retrospective case series was performed to assess the association between biliary atresia, prenatal nonvisualization of the gallbladder and other sonographic signs...
May 19, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527753/asymmetry-and-empathy-higher-asymmetry-is-associated-with-lower-levels-of-mentalizing
#11
Colton B Christian, Azim F Shariff
People differ in their mentalizing abilities. Though past research suggests that individual differences in exposure to prenatal testosterone may be able to explain why some people excel at mentalizing, while others struggle, meta-analyses yield a null relationship between 2D:4D ratio (a proxy for prenatal testosterone) and mentalizing. Importantly, however, past research has not examined the asymmetrical differences between the digit ratios on the right and left hands. In the current work, we test whether the difference between the digit ratios of the left and right hands may function as a better predictor of mentalizing than digit ratio alone...
May 18, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525876/discrete-category-of-mother-to-infant-bonding-disorder-and-its-identification-by-the-mother-to-infant-bonding-scale-a-study-in-japanese-mothers-of-a-1-month-old
#12
Asami Matsunaga, Fumie Takauma, Katsuhiko Tada, Toshinori Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Difficulty of maternal bonding towards a baby is widely recognised. It is unclear whether this phenomenon is dimensional or categorical. If categorical, an optimal cut-off score of a screening instrument is needed in clinical settings. AIMS: In this study, we investigated whether maternal bonding is dimensional or categorical phenomenon and try to set optimal cut-off score of screening instruments. METHODS: Self-report questionnaire studies were conducted in a general hospital and four antenatal clinics...
May 16, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522143/oxytocin-receptor-antagonists-in-the-aetiology-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
LETTER
Ronald F Lamont, Jan Stener Jørgensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457592/response-to-letter-to-editor-on-social-impairments-among-children-perinatally-exposed-to-oxytocin-or-oxytocin-receptor-antagonist
#14
LETTER
E Friedlander, O Feldstein, D Mankuta, M Yaari, A Harel-Gadassi, R P Ebstein, N Yirmiya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433798/randomized-trial-of-early-erythropoietin-supplementation-after-preterm-birth-iron-metabolism-and-outcome
#15
O M Peltoniemi, E Anttila, T Kaukola, G Buonocore, M Hallman
BACKGROUND: Excess of iron and oxidant injury shortly after birth may be associated with neonatal morbidities in preterm infants. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether administration of erythropoietin without iron supplementation decreases iron load and morbidity. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: In a randomized trial, we administered erythropoietin (EPO 250IU/kg daily during the first 6days of life) or placebo to 39 preterm infants (BW 700-1500g, GA≤30...
April 20, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431256/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-neonates-undergoing-surgery-under-general-anesthesia-for-malrotation-of-intestines
#16
Suresh Birajdar, Shripada Rao, Judy McMichael
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to differentiate between the potential adverse effects of general anesthesia (GA) on the developing brain and the role of associated co-morbidities and syndromes that can adversely affect neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates undergoing GA. Neonates with malrotation of the intestines without volvulus usually do not have co-morbidities or syndromes. In addition, majority of them recover very well after surgery and are discharged home within a few days. Neonates with malrotation are a clean cohort of babies to study the role of a single episode of GA on the developing brain...
April 18, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426979/response-based-sleep-intervention-helping-infants-sleep-without-making-them-cry
#17
Wendy Middlemiss, Helen Stevens, Lael Ridgway, Susan McDonald, Michelle Koussa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431255/do-orally-directed-behaviors-mediate-the-relationship-between-behavioral-state-and-nutritive-sucking-in-preterm-infants
#18
Rosemary White-Traut, Li Liu, Kathleen Norr, Krisitin Rankin, Suzann K Campbell, Thao Griffith, Rohitkumar Vasa, Victoria Geraldo, Barbara Medoff-Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426948/digit-ratio-2d-4d-and-handgrip-strength-are-correlated-in-women-but-not-in-men-in-hui-ethnicity
#19
Hong Lu, Dan Shen, Lu Wang, Shibo Niu, Chunyue Bai, Zhanbing Ma, Zhenghao Huo
INTRODUCTION: Digit ratio, especially second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) is used as a biomarker of prenatal testosterone exposure and was found associated with physical ability, such as handgrip strength (HGS). Recently, this association has been discussed in several ethnic groups. AIMS: To investigate correlations between 2D:4D and HGS in Chinese population of Ningxia Hui ethnicity. METHODS: Here we firstly present the evidence on digit ratio and HGS of 346 college students (119 males and 227 females) by collecting photographs and HGS of both hands at Yinchuan city, in the Ningxia province of China...
April 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411449/prenatal-concentrations-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-early-communication-development-in-british-girls
#20
Zuha Jeddy, Terryl J Hartman, Ethel V Taylor, Cayla Poteete, Katarzyna Kordas
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), found in many household products and classed as endocrine disrupting chemicals, can be transferred through the placenta and are associated with multiple developmental deficits in offspring. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we investigated the association between intrauterine exposure to PFAS and early communication development in 432 mother-daughter dyads at 15 and 38months of age. Concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA) were measured in maternal serum collected during pregnancy...
April 12, 2017: Early Human Development
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