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Auris, Nasus, Larynx

Ching-Feng Lien, Tzer-Zen Hwang, Tsun-Mei Lin, Kai-Wen Liu, Bor-Shyh Lin, Chih-Chun Wang, Chuan-Chien Yang, Shyh-An Yeh
OBJECTIVE: Hypopharyngeal carcinoma has a very poor prognosis. The high incidence of second esophageal neoplasia is one of the major causes. To establish an efficient follow-up scheme for increasing the diagnostic yield and reducing the adverse impact of second esophageal neoplasia on survival, the purpose of this study was to explore a biomarker to predict second esophageal neoplasia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, consecutive tissue specimens from those patients who underwent tumor resection between September 2007 and October 2015 were collected...
August 11, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Muhammed Dagkiran, Ulku Tuncer, Ozgur Surmelioglu, Ozgur Tarkan, Suleyman Ozdemir, Fikret Cetik, Mete Kiroglu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate all five vestibular end-organ functions (lateral, anterior, posterior semicircular canal, utricule, and saccule) and to investigate the relationship between Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and vestibular functions prior to CI (cochlear implantation) and at postoperative day 3 and month 3. METHODS: A total of 42 patients (age 16-70years) with normal vestibular functions preoperatively and undergoing unilateral CI were included in this prospective descriptive study...
August 9, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Sven Becker, Julia L Zimmermann, Philipp Baumeister, Theresa F Brunner, Tetsuji Shimizu, Yang-Fang Li, Gregor E Morfill, Ulrich Harréus, Christian Welz
OBJECTIVE: Ear, nose and throat infections are among the most common reasons for absence from work. They are usually caused by various bacteria like Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) can effectively eliminate even multi-resistant bacteria and has no cytotoxic or mutagenic effects on the mucosa when applied for less than 60s. Aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of CAP on common ENT bacteria and on the mucosa of the upper aerodigestive tract...
August 8, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Julia Thierauf, Anna-Maria Glück, Peter Plinkert, Johannes A Veit, Thomas K Hoffmann, Andreas Körber, Christoph Bergmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Ryuji Yasumatsu, Takafumi Nakano, Kazuki Hashimoto, Ryunosuke Kogo, Takahiro Wakasaki, Takashi Nakagawa
OBJECTIVE: The usefulness of pretreatment measurement of SCC antigen in patients with head and neck SCC is still controversial. Our aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of serum SCC antigen, SCCA1 and SCCA2 in the management of patients with head and neck SCC. METHODS: Serum samples for the analysis of SCCA1, SCCA2 and SCC antigen were taken from head and neck SCC patients before treatment. Serum SCC antigen was assayed with a solid phase immunoradiometric assay...
August 2, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Tadashi Kitahara, Masaharu Sakagami, Taeko Ito, Tomoyuki Shiozaki, Koichi Kitano, Akinori Yamashita, Ichiro Ota, Yoshiro Wada, Toshiaki Yamanaka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of neuro-otological examination, blood tests, and scoring questionnaire data with treatment-resistant intractability of persistent dizziness in Ménière's disease. METHODS: We managed 1520 successive vertigo/dizziness patients at the Vertigo/Dizziness Center in Nara Medical University from May 2014 to April 2018. Five hundred and twenty-two patients were diagnosed with Ménière's disease (522/1520; 34...
July 30, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Erdem Atalay Cetinkaya, Osman Ciftci, Saadet Alan, M Namık Oztanır, Nese Basak
OBJECTIVES: In this experimental study, the effect of hesperidin on the treatment of acute otitis media (AOM) was investigated in an AOM-induced rat model. METHODS: In total, 35 rats were randomly divided into the following five groups (n=7): group 1 (control), group 2 (AOM with no treatment), group 3 (AOM+antibiotic), group 4 (AOM+hesperidin), and group 5 (AOM+hesperidin+antibiotic). On day 14, group 3,4 and 5 rats were given antibiotic and hesperidin via gavages, respectively...
July 30, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Maria Doulaptsi, Alexandros Karatzanis, Emmanuel Prokopakis, Stylianos Velegrakis, Alexia Loutsidi, Athina Trachalaki, George Velegrakis
OBJECTIVE: Descending goiter has been a focus of controversy in thyroid surgery until nowadays. This study aims to investigate the diagnosis and treatment options of thyroid goiters extending into the mediastinum and the thoracic cavity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective study was conducted assessing all cases of substernal goiter managed in a tertiary care referral center within 22 years. Demographics, clinical, operative, anatomical, and pathological data of the patients were recorded and analyzed...
July 25, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Kang Ni Lorna Ting, Yew Toong Liew, Zulkiflee Abu Bakar, Prepageran Narayanan
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a neoplasm commonly found in population of South East Asia. The mainstay of treatment is high dose irradiation. Complications from radiotherapy are not uncommon especially to those nearby structures such as vertebrae and spinal cord. A 57 year-old gentleman with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) who was treated with chemo-radiation (total of 35 fractions,70Gy) presented to us 6 months post therapy with bilateral nasal discharge and progressive neck stiffness. Nasoendoscopy showed inflamed nasophayngeal mucosa and Computed Tomography (CT) brain and cervical spine showed retropharyngeal and anterior epidural collection with extension into atlantoaxial bone and spinal cord compression...
July 23, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Zubair Hasan, Darius Tan, Malcolm Buchanan, Carsten Palme, Faruque Riffat
OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature as it pertains to the buccal space with a specific focus on the pathologies encountered within this space. Clinical presentation, investigations, and surgical approaches to the region are also reviewed. METHODS: A systematic review of the available literature was performed on buccal space tumours from 1980 to 2017. Data was extracted on clinical presentation, investigations and surgical approaches to the buccal space...
July 18, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Min Bum Kim, Jin-A Park, Michelle J Suh, Chan Il Song
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of butterfly inlay cartilage tympanoplasty and compare it with conventional underlay cartilage tympanoplasty in terms of success rate and hearing outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 35 patients (36 ears) who underwent butterfly inlay cartilage tympanoplasty (inlay group, 23 ears of 22 patients) or conventional underlay cartilage tympanoplasty (underlay group, 13 ears). The anatomical success rate and hearing outcomes were analysed...
July 13, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Wai Keat Wong, Subhaschandra Shetty, Randall P Morton, Nicholas P McIvor, Tony Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Data pertaining to the outcomes of retrosternal goiter surgeries performed at secondary care centers, where thoracic surgery expertise is not readily available, is infrequently reported. Careful patient selection is crucial to avoid an unexpected need for a sternotomy during surgery. We sought to evaluate the surgical management of patients with retrosternal goiters treated at two secondary care centers. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical records and computed tomographic (CT) scans of 557 patients who underwent thyroid surgery at the Departments of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery of Manukau Surgery Center and Whangarei Base Hospital...
July 12, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Hiroyuki Morishita, Masayoshi Kobayashi, Kazuhiko Takeuchi
Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a hypervascular tumor and uncontrolled hemorrhage makes its removal very difficult. Although preoperative intravascular embolization of a feeding artery is recommended, serious complications such as iatrogenic thrombosis in the brain and insufficient decrease in blood flow to the tumor are concerns. Recently, coblation plasma technology has been reported to be useful for tumor removal with minimum hemorrhage under a clear surgical field. Here we report successful removal of advanced JNA without preoperative embolization, using intraoperative ligation of the maxillary artery and coblation plasma technology...
July 3, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Akira Inagaki, Masaomi Motegi, Yuji Sato, Hideo Hattori, Shingo Murakami
Although most acute peripheral facial palsies can be attributed to Bell's palsy, other factors, such as infection, trauma, and neoplasm, can cause facial palsy as well. Among these, facial nerve tumors are rare but should be considered in the differential diagnosis of facial palsy. Palsies due to facial nerve tumors usually present with slow onset but occasionally present as acute episodes. In such cases, facial nerve decompression is the treatment of choice to allow the tumor room to grow without compressing the nerve or its blood supply...
July 2, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Takeshi Fujita, Kazuya Saito, Nobuo Kashiwagi, Mitsuo Sato, Toru Seo, Katsumi Doi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of vestibular schwannoma (VS) in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of 861 patients who were diagnosed with or treated for SSHNL between January 2008 and February 2017 at our department in a tertiary academic center. We retrospectively analyzed the medical charts and MRI findings of 499 patients who had undergone MRI. RESULTS: Fifteen (3...
July 2, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Tadashi Kitahara, Ichiro Ota, Akira Horinaka, Hiroki Ohyama, Masaharu Sakagami, Taeko Ito, Tomoyuki Shiozaki, Yoshiro Wada, Toshiaki Yamanaka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine the association of neuro-otological examination, blood test, and scoring questionnaire data with treatment-resistant intractability in idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients. METHODS: We experienced 1520 successive vertigo/dizziness patients at the Vertigo/Dizziness Center in Nara Medical University during May 2014 to April 2018. Six hundred and eleven patients were diagnosed as BPPV (611/1520; 40...
July 2, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Yones Lotfi, Tayebeh Ahmadi, Abdollah Moossavi, Enayatollah Bakhshi
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that a subgroup of children with suspected (central) auditory processing disorder (SusCAPD) have insufficient ability to use binaural cues to benefit from spatial processing. Thus, they experience considerable listening difficulties in challenging auditory environments, such as classrooms. Some researchers have also indicated the probable role of binaural temporal fine structure (TFS) in the perceptual segregation of target signal from noise and hence in speech perception in noise...
June 25, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Hae Dong Kim, Ick Soo Choi
Extranasopharyngeal angiofibroma (ENA) is an angiofibroma that occurs in the extranasopharynx. It shows pathologic findings, such as juvenile angiofibroma (JNA), which accounts for 0.5% of head and neck mass. However, compared with JNA, the prevalence, affected site, and clinical characteristics are completely different, which leads some physicians to classify ENA as a disease different from JNA. ENA of the nasal turbinate origin are rarely reported in the literature. In addition, choanal polyp originating from the posterior part of the nasal turbinate is uncommonly reported...
June 25, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Ufuk Derinsu, Mustafa Yüksel, Cennet Reyyan Geçici, Ayça Çiprut, Esra Akdeniz
OBJECTIVE: Possible predictive factors of cochlear implant (CI) outcomes have been extensively reported in literature for different user groups such as prelingual pediatric or postlingual adult users. However, there remains unexplained outcome variability among adult CI users; therefore, research concerning these patients continues and many different variables have been reported. This study aimed at evaluating the relationship between preoperative speech reception capacity, residual hearing, duration of deafness, age of implantation, and postoperative monosyllabic word recognition scores (WRSs) in postlingual CI users...
June 23, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Toru Miwa, Ryosei Minoda, Hidetake Matsuyoshi, Hiroki Takeda
OBJECTIVE: Current spread by electrical stimulation via inserted cochlear implant (CI) electrodes and the consequential increase in sound input can affect the equilibrium of patients. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of CIs on the equilibrium of patients through cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) testing and static stabilometry performed with the CIs turned on (CI-on) and off (CI-off). METHODS: This prospective study included nine adult patients who underwent unilateral cochlear implantation surgery at our institution...
June 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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