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Auris, Nasus, Larynx

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428494/survival-in-patients-with-submandibular-gland-carcinoma-results-of-a-multi-institutional-retrospective-study
#1
Koichiro Yamada, Keigo Honda, Hisanobu Tamaki, Shinzo Tanaka, Shogo Shinohara, Shinji Takebayashi, Ichiro Tateya, Morimasa Kitamura, Masanobu Mizuta, Toshiki Maetani, Tsuyoshi Kojima, Yoshiharu Kitani, Ryo Asato, Kazuyuki Ichimaru, Yohei Kumabe, Koji Ushiro, Koichi Omori
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies demonstrating the prognostic factors in submandibular gland carcinoma are limited because the tumor is relatively rare. The aim of this study was to identify clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in submandibular gland carcinoma. METHODS: The study included 65 patients with submandibular gland carcinoma who underwent initial surgical treatment at the Kyoto University and its affiliated hospitals. RESULTS: The 3-year overall survival (OS), disease specific survival, locoregional control (LRC), and no distant metastasis (NDM) rates were 74...
February 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428493/a-questionnaire-to-assess-olfactory-rehabilitation-for-laryngectomized-patients-provox-voice-prosthesis-users-in-japan
#2
Yukinobu Ishikawa, Yukiko Yanagi, Michi Suzuki, Ujimoto Konomi
OBJECTIVE: We used a questionnaire to investigate olfactory function and the present state of olfactory rehabilitation for laryngectomized patients in Japan. METHODS: This study was conducted using a questionnaire survey. We mailed questionnaires to 190 members of a Japanese laryngectomized patient group (the nonprofit organization YOUSAY-KAI). The survey queried the following items: (1) basic information (age, sex, alaryngeal speech method, etc.); (2) questions about olfactory rehabilitation, such as the individual's experience of olfactory rehabilitation, the number of days from laryngectomy to the start of olfactory rehabilitation, and the location of rehabilitation (i...
February 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428492/the-gray-scale-value-of-ear-tissues-undergoing-volume-rendering-high-resolution-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#3
Masahiro Komori, Shinya Miuchi, Jun Hyodo, Taisuke Kobayashi, Masamitsu Hyodo
OBJECTIVE: When the thresholds for VR reconstruction from multi-slice CT images are changed, problems develop when assessing pathologies in the absence of standardized thresholds. The advantages of CBCT include lower radiation exposure compared with other techniques and better visualization of small ear structures. However, a disadvantage is that the scanner provides unstandardized gray scale values, thus not CT numbers (Hounsfield units, HU). METHODS: We analyzed 88 sets of volume data obtained from temporal bones...
February 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426724/factors-affecting-the-outcome-of-adenoidectomy-in-children-treated-for-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion
#4
Sarantis Blioskas, Petros Karkos, George Psillas, Stamatia Dova, Marios Stavrakas, Konstantinos Markou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cohort was to determine potential risk factors, concerning the effectiveness of adenoidectomy in the treatment of chronic otitis media with effusion in children. METHODS: Ninety six children with chronic otitis media with effusion treated with adenoidectomy were enrolled in this study. A thorough medical history was taken, including family history of otologic disease, parental smoking habits and breast feeding history. Radiographic palatal airway size was measured preoperatively, whereas the presence of allergy was also investigated...
February 6, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426723/topical-therapy-for-refractory-rhinosinusitis-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-first-report-in-a-prospective-series
#5
Alan H Shikani, Nadim Khoueir, Mary Ann Jabra-Rizk, Henry J Shikani, Randall J Basaraba, Jeff G Leid
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) associated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is rising and remains a therapeutic challenge. The goal of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of a non-invasive topical therapy against MRSA in these patients. METHODS: Seventeen patients with refractory CRS caused by MRSA were treated with a topical therapy protocol. Treatment consisted of weekly endoscopic sinus debridement followed by intra-sinus installation of a hydroxyl-ethylcellulose gel that releases mometasone and a culture-directed antibiotic for a period of 6 weeks, along with daily nasal nebulization of mometasone with the same antibiotic and saline rinses...
February 6, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402609/combined-transoral-transhyoid-endoscopic-approach-for-hypopharyngeal-cancer
#6
Keigo Honda, Makoto Miura, Yasuyuki Hayashi, Toshiya Kimura
Endoscopic transoral surgery for hypopharyngeal cancer is an effective treatment option to avoid invasive open surgery or chemoradiation. Here we describe the case of a 66-year-old patient with cT2N0M0 pyriform sinus cancer whom we treated using a transoral-transhyoid endoscopic approach. Using this approach, a transhyoid route was created in addition to the transoral route and used to extirpate the tumor. En bloc resection of the tumor was completed without difficulty. A combined transoral-transhyoid approach is a useful surgical option for treatment of selected patients with hypopharyngeal cancer...
February 2, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402608/instrumental-head-impulse-test-changes-after-intratympanic-gentamicin-for-unilateral-definite-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Pedro Santos Marques, Claudia Camila Dias, Nicolas Perez-Fernandez, Jorge Spratley
OBJECTIVE: To estimate how much could intratympanic gentamicin (ITG) interfere with the vestibular-ocular reflex (VOR) parameters on instrumental head impulse test (HIT), either with scleral search coil or video head impulse test and, eventually, foresee the control of vertigo crisis in unilateral intractable Ménière's disease (MD). METHODS: A literature search was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane search engines. The search terms used were "vestibular ocular reflex", "head impulse test", "gentamicin," and "Meniere's disease"...
February 2, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402607/conservative-treatment-for-cutaneous-fistula-resulted-from-abscess-formation-in-patients-with-tuberculous-cervical-lymphadenitis
#8
Bo Hae Kim, Yung Jin Jeon, Young Ju Jin, Woo-Jin Jeong, Sung Joon Park, Soon-Hyun Ahn
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the clinical characteristics and course of conservative treatment using anti-Tb medication and dressing in patients with tuberculous cervical fistula resulting from abscess formation, and to investigate factors prognostic of dressing and treatment duration. METHODS: The medical records of patients with tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis were reviewed, and 38 of these patients who presented with cutaneous fistula that resulted from abscess formation were included in the study...
February 2, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402606/prognostic-value-of-the-blink-reflex-test-in-bell-s-palsy-and-ramsay-hunt-syndrome
#9
Young Min Hah, Sang Hoon Kim, Junyang Jung, Sung Su Kim, Jae Yong Byun, Moon Suh Park, Seung Geun Yeo
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the prognostic value of the blink reflex (BR) test in patients with Bell's palsy (BP) or Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS). METHODS: The House-Brackmann (HB) grade of patients diagnosed with BP and RHS was determined at first visit and 3 months later. Final HB grade III-VI was defined as an incomplete recovery. Factors evaluated as prognostic of poor recovery included electroneurography (ENoG) degeneration rate (DR)>90%, and absence of BR...
February 2, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397250/endoscopic-cartilage-versus-temporalis-fascia-grafting-for-anterior-quadrant-tympanic-perforations-a-prospective-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#10
Sanjeev Mohanty, Vinoth Manimaran, Preethi Umamaheswaran, Shivapriya Jeyabalakrishnan, Sreenivas Chelladurai
OBJECTIVE: Management of anterior perforations of tympanic membrane is a surgical challenge. The objective of this study is to analyse and compare the results of composite cartilage perichondrium island (CCPI) graft and temporalis fascia graft by endoscopic technique in anterior quadrant perforations. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a tertiary care centre from 2012-16. A total of 187 ear drums(n) in 168 patients with perforations involving anterior quadrant were included in the study...
January 31, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397249/comparison-of-xerostomia-incidence-after-three-dimensional-conformal-radiation-therapy-and-contralateral-superficial-lobe-parotid-sparing-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-oropharyngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-cancer
#11
Terufumi Kawamoto, Keiji Nihei, Yujiro Nakajima, Satoshi Kito, Keisuke Sasai, Katsuyuki Karasawa
OBJECTIVE: In the treatment of head-neck cancer, parotid-sparing intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) could reduce the incidence of xerostomia. When the parotid glands cannot be sufficiently spared because of the widespread tumor, contralateral superficial lobe parotid-sparing (CSLPS)-IMRT could be used to reduce marginal recurrence, however the success of this approach remains to be determined. The primary purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of xerostomia between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and CSLPS-IMRT for oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer...
January 31, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395634/does-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-predict-surgical-success-of-limited-palatal-muscle-resection-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Jae-Wook Kim, Deok Soo Kim, Sung-Dong Kim, Sue Jean Mun, Soo-Kweon Koo, Kyu-Sup Cho
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the associated factors affecting the success rate of limited palatal muscle resection (LPMR), and to investigate whether drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) could predict the therapeutic response to LPMR in patients with obstructive sleep apnea obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive OSA patients underwent LPMR were enrolled. All patients received routine ENT examination, preoperative DISE, and polysomnography (PSG)...
January 30, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366609/surgical-treatment-of-enterovirus-d68-brainstem-encephalitis-induced-dysphagia
#13
Takafumi Togashi, Hironori Baba, Meiko Kitazawa, Nao Takahashi, Yasuhiro Samejima, Eiji Yumoto, Arata Horii
Cluster of acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction was associated with a 2014 outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) respiratory illness in US. We describe a 33 year-old male patient of refractory dysphagia due to EV-D68-induced brainstem encephalitis successfully treated by surgery. Following acute upper respiratory tract infection, he developed dysphagia and bilateral facial paralysis. A coughing reflex was readily produced when the laryngopharyngeal fiberscope touched the epiglottis, however, water infusion induced only very weak and slow swallowing reflex, suggesting that only motor component was impaired but sensory function was preserved during swallowing...
January 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373164/high-frequency-jet-ventilation-during-endolaryngeal-surgery-risk-factors-for-complications
#14
Demet Altun, Emre Çamcı, Mukadder Orhan-Sungur, Nükhet Sivrikoz, Bora Başaran, Tülay Özkan-Seyhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325856/is-insufficient-pulmonary-air-support-the-cause-of-dysphonia-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Megahed M Hassan, Mona T Hussein, Ahmed Mamdouh Emam, Usama M Rashad, Ibrahim Rezk, Al Hussein Awad
OBJECTIVE: Optimal pulmonary air support is essential pre-requisite for efficient phonation. The objective is to correlate pulmonary and vocal functions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to find out whether the reduced pulmonary function per se could induce dysphonia. METHODS: In this prospective case-control study, sixty subjects with stable COPD underwent evaluation of pulmonary and vocal functions. The pulmonary functions measured include {Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC ratio, peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF)}...
January 8, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307442/augmentation-surgery-on-the-cartilaginous-portion-of-the-vocal-fold-in-a-patient-with-cricoarytenoid-joint-ankylosis
#16
Mioko Fukahori, Shun-Ichi Chitose, Kiminori Sato, Hiroyuki Kamimura, Kiminobu Sato, Ririko On, Hirohito Umeno
Surgical management of cricoarytenoid joint (CAJ) ankylosis is challenging and has the risk of worsening voice quality. In the present case, augmentation surgery was performed on the cartilaginous portion of the vocal fold in a patient with CAJ ankylosis. A 24-year-old man sustained blunt trauma to the anterior neck three years prior to developing severe breathiness. Posterior glottal insufficiency resulting from lateral fixation of the right vocal fold was observed during phonation under laryngoscopy. In addition, electromyography and CT scan revealed severe ankylosis of the right CAJ...
January 4, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258799/typical-sensory-organization-test-findings-and-clinical-implication-in-acute-vestibular-neuritis
#17
Dae Bo Shim, Mee Hyun Song, Hong Ju Park
OBJECTIVE: Sensory organization test (SOT) is used to evaluate postural instability. We wanted to characterize the SOT findings in patients with acute vestibular neuritis (VN). METHODS: Eighty-seven patients with VN were enrolled. The bithermal caloric and SOT were performed, and the results were compared with those from the dizziness handicap inventory (DHI). Abnormal SOT patterns were classified: severe, visual vestibular, vestibular, inconsistent, or normal patterns...
December 16, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233721/antitumor-mir-150-5p-and-mir-150-3p-inhibit-cancer-cell-aggressiveness-by-targeting-spock1-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Keiichi Koshizuka, Toyoyuki Hanazawa, Naoko Kikkawa, Koji Katada, Atsushi Okato, Takayuki Arai, Tetsuya Idichi, Yusaku Osako, Yoshitaka Okamoto, Naohiko Seki
OBJECTIVE: Our recent studies have revealed that both strands of pre-miRNAs, the guide strand and the passenger strand, are involved in cancer pathogenesis. Analyses of miRNA expression signatures by RNA sequencing in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) showed that both of the strands of pre-miR-150 (miR-150-5p and miR-150-3p) were significantly downregulated, and that these miRNAs acted as antitumor miRNAs in HNSCC cells. The aim of this study was to identify oncogenic genes in HNSCC cells that were regulated by miR-150-5p and miR-150-3p...
December 9, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224848/anti-mumps-igm-antibody-positive-rate-with-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-using-second-generation-enzyme-immunoassay-a-retrospective-multi-institutional-investigation-in-hokkaido-japan
#19
Atsushi Fukuda, Shinya Morita, Yuji Nakamaru, Kimiko Hoshino, Keishi Fujiwara, Shigeru Akazawa, Tomohiro Sakashita, Nobuyuki Obara, Akihiro Homma
OBJECTIVE: Although elevated anti-mumps IgM antibody levels were reported in 5.7%-7.2% of Japanese patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), there were several reports of false-positive cases, such as the continually IgM positive case and the IgM positive case in normal adults. To improve specificity, the new enzyme immuno assay (EIA) anti-mumps IgM antibody measurement kit was introduced in December 2009. This study re-examined the frequency of anti-mumps IgM antibody test positivity with SSNHL using the new measurement kit and compared the results with those from a previous report that used old kit...
December 7, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217121/diagnostic-and-treatment-effects-of-sialendoscopy-for-patients-with-swelling-of-the-parotid-gland-when-sialoliths-are-undetected-with-computed-tomography
#20
Norio Kondo, Toshio Yoshihara, Yukie Yamamura, Kaoru Kusama, Eri Sakitani, Yukako Seo, Mayako Tachikawa, Keiko Kujirai, Erika Ono, Yasuyo Maeda, Tomohito Nojima, Akiko Tamiya, Emiri Sato, Manabu Nonaka
Between August 2009 and May 2016, 74 patients underwent sialoendoscopic surgery. 32 patients had parotid gland disease and 9 patients had intermittent swelling of the parotid gland and sialoliths were not detected with CT imaging. 4 patients were diagnosed with idiopathic Stensen's duct stenosis. Sialendoscopy directly confirmed Stensen's duct stenosis in 2 patients. However, the sialendoscope was unable to be inserted in the other 2 patients, who had stenosis of the orifice of the Stensen's duct. Balloon expansion of the duct was performed in these 2 patients and a steroid drug was injected into the duct in one patient...
December 4, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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