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Auris, Nasus, Larynx

Tae Kyung Koh, Eun-Ju Kang, Woo Yong Bae, Sung Wan Kim, Chul Hoon Kim, Soo Kweon Koo, Sang Jun Kim, Moon Sung Kim, Jae Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity and carotid arterial calcification by quantitative analysis using airway computed tomography (CT). METHODS: This study included a total of 180 consecutive OSA patients aged 45-80years underwent polysomnography and airway CT between March 2014 and October 2016. The subjects were divided into three groups based on the results of the respiratory disturbance index (RDI): mild (RDI 5-14, n=29), moderate (RDI 15-29, n=50), and severe (RDI≥30, n=101)...
December 6, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Bruno Galletti, Francesco Gazia, Francesco Freni, Federico Sireci, Francesco Galletti
OBJECTIVE: In the last years endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is improved with the introduction of computer assisted navigation (CAN). In this retrospective study we evaluated the usefulness of CAN in endoscopic sinus surgery and studied its advantages over conventional endoscopic sinus surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 96 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). 48 patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery with surgical navigation (A group) and other 48 without navigation (B group)...
December 5, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Lei Zeng, Qin Zhang, Fan Ao, Chun-Ling Jiang, Yun Xiao, Hong-Hui Xie, Yi-Qiang Tang, Xiao-Chang Gong, Jin-Gao Li
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the risk factors and distribution features for level IB metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and provide clinical evidence for defining the indications and clinical target volume (CTV) of prophylactic level IB irradiation. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 798 patients with newly-diagnosed, non-metastatic and histologically confirmed NPC underwent intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Two sides of neck in each patient have been analyzed separately...
December 5, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Daisuke Takahara, Takashi Kono, Sachio Takeno, Takashi Ishino, Takao Hamamoto, Kazunori Kubota, Tsutomu Ueda
OBJECTIVE: It remains controversial whether nasal nitric oxide (NO) serves as a reliable parameter to evaluate treatment efficacy in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). The measurement of local nasal NO levels has been shown to be a sensitive marker for the diagnosis of symptomatic AR patients. Here we assessed the applicability of nasal NO to evaluations of the efficacy of intranasal steroids (INS) in a prospective design. METHODS: We enrolled 25 patients with perennial AR and 10 age-matched healthy participants...
December 4, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Tomomi Aga, Kazuhira Endo, Akira Tsuji, Mitsuharu Aga, Makiko Moriyama-Kita, Takayoshi Ueno, Yosuke Nakanishi, Miyako Hatano, Satoru Kondo, Hisashi Sugimoto, Naohiro Wakisaka, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
OBJECTIVES: A combination of platinum-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy is the standard treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the efficacy of chemotherapy has reached a plateau. Many autophagy studies suggest that autophagy can either promote or suppress to cancer progression. Thus, a role of autophagy in the acquisition of chemoradioresistance has recently been a notable event. Therefore, we examined the relationship between autophagy and chemotherapy in NPC. METHODS: The expression of Beclin 1 and microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3), a marker of autophagy, was determined by immunohistochemistry in the biopsy samples of patients with NPC before and after the first course of chemotherapy...
December 1, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Ryohei Oya, Arata Horii, Atsuhiko Uno, Yoshiaki Kawasaki, Hidenori Inohara
OBJECTIVE: Foreign bodies (FBs) in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) are common ENT emergencies but are sometimes life-threatening. However, FBs could be avoidable by the efficient announcement about the risk of these occurrence to the public. Fish bones are commonly found as throat FBs, and small toys are commonly found as pediatric ear and nose FBs. We hypothesized that there were relationships between the occurrence of FBs and sociocultural/geographical conditions. The purpose of this study is to clarify the risk factors of FBs in ENT regions related to eating customs and weather conditions...
November 30, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Hironobu Nishijima, Sayaka Suzuki, Kenji Kondo, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shintaro Yanagimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Hiroshi Inui, Tsuyoshi Sakamoto, Taeko Ito, Tadashi Kitahara
OBJECTIVE: To employ magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to measure the volume of the inner ear endolymphatic space (ELS) in patients with acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss (ALHL), sudden deafness (SD), cochlear Meniere's disease (cMD), and unilateral MD (uMD) compared with control subjects (CS) with chronic rhinosinusitis. METHODS: Forty-one patients with ALHL, 82 with SD, 48 with cMD, 72 with uMD, and 47 CS participated in the study. With the exception of all uMD patients, none of the subjects had vertigo...
November 29, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Hiroyuki Iuchi, Junichiro Ohori, Takayuki Kyutoku, Kotoko Ito, Yuichi Kurono
OBJECTIVE: Phosphorylcholine (PC) is a structural component of Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) and nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), and is known to be associated with adherence through the platelet activating factor receptor (PAF-R). Furthermore, high PC expression is considered to be involved in Spn and NTHi virulence. In this study, we examined the influence of PC expression on the adherence of Spn and NTHi to epithelial cells in order to clarify the potential effectiveness of a vaccine targeting PC...
November 29, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Kayoko Higashi-Shingai, Takao Imai, Tomoko Okumura, Atsuhiko Uno, Tadashi Kitahara, Arata Horii, Yumi Ohta, Yasuhiro Osaki, Takashi Sato, Suzuyo Okazaki, Takefumi Kamakura, Yasumitsu Takimoto, Yoshiyuki Ozono, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Ryusuke Imai, Yukiko Hanada, Kazuya Ohata, Ryohei Oya, Hidenori Inohara
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine whether endolymphatic sac surgery improves vestibular and cochlear endolymphatic hydrops 2 years after sac surgery and to elucidate the relationship between the degree of improvement of endolymphatic hydrops and the changes in vertigo symptoms, the hearing level, and the summating potential/action potential ratio (-SP/AP ratio) by electrocochleography (ECochG) in patients with Ménière's disease (MD). METHODS: Twenty-one patients with unilateral MD who underwent sac surgery were included in this study...
November 27, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Fuminori Nomura, Yosuke Ariizumi, Yusuke Kiyokawa, Akihisa Tasaki, Yumiko Tateishi, Nobuaki Koide, Hiroaki Kawabe, Takashi Sugawara, Kentaro Tanaka, Takahiro Asakage
OBJECTIVE: Pigmented villonodular synovitis occurring in the region of the temporomandibular joint is a rare disease, requiring a review of the treatment method, follow-up period. METHOD: Refer to the past literature, along with a retrospective search. RESULTS: An excision, including the skull base bone, was performed in all cases; however, recurrence was found in one case on which fractional excision was performed. Past reports have also indicated that en bloc resection was considered desirable...
November 26, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Yosuke Takemoto, Yoshinobu Hirose, Kazuma Sugahara, Makoto Hashimoto, Hirotaka Hara, Hiroshi Yamashita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Tomohiko Ishikawa, Masaru Tateda, Hidetoshi Oshima, Akari Sawada, Naomi Oka, Hiroyoshi Suzuki, Sho Hashimoto
The present article discusses the first reported case of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) metastasis from a submandibular gland to the larynx. Both treatments of distant metastasis of ACC and secondary laryngeal tumor are challenging. Despite its slow progression, ACC is associated with high rates of local recurrence, distant metastasis, and poor prognosis. Patients with secondary laryngeal cancer often have other concurrent metastatic lesions. Therefore, treatment selection should consider the biological behavior of the tumor and characteristics of the laryngeal lesion, along with the general condition and quality of life of the patient...
November 22, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Federico Maria Gioacchini, Ettore Cassandro, Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli, Shaniko Kaleci, Claudia Cassandro, Alfonso Scarpa, Massimo Re
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Hisami Fujio, Naoki Otsuki, Yuto Horichi, Shungaku Yanagisawa, Mari Nishio, Masanori Teshima, Hirotaka Shinomiya, Kazunobu Hashikawa, Ken-Ichi Nibu
Cardiac metastasis from head and neck cancers are very rare. Metastases to heart are mostly diagnosed at autopsy, and seldom found while patients are alive. Patients with cardiac metastasis do not present with specific symptoms in the early stages, and diagnosis is often delayed until the disease has advanced significantly. Here, we report a 66-year-old lady who was diagnosed with cardiac metastasis 10 months after surgical resection of oral cancer. She died one month following the discovery of cardiac metastasis...
November 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Yoon Jae Lee, Jin Geun Kwon, Hyun Ho Han
OBJECTIVE: An auricular pseudocyst is a fluid filled cavity, characterized by a lack of epithelium, in the intra-cartilaginous space. Clinically, it presents as a painless lump on the upper anterior surface of the ear. Various treatment methods have been discussed in the literature, including aspiration, incision and drainage, or steroid injection. However, these approaches are associated with a high rate of recurrence and results are often esthetically unsatisfactory; therefore, a need for improved treatment approaches remains...
November 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Masaaki Higashino, Yusuke Ayani, Tetsuya Terada, Yoshitaka Kurisu, Yoshinobu Hirose, Ryo Kawata
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical feature of the poorly differentiated thyroid papillary carcinoma. METHODS: We investigate retrospectively 276 thyroid papillary carcinoma patients who underwent initial treatment at our Department who underwent initial treatment at our Department during the 13-year period from 2000 to 2012. We examine the pathological samples of papillary carcinoma retrospectively to investigate the prevalence of a poorly differentiated component in the tumor...
November 19, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Min Luo, Gang Sun, Jing-Wu Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of miR-196bon the biological features of human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) through targeting PCDH-17. METHODS: miR-196b and PCDH-17 expressions were determined in tissues, and the targeting relation of miR-196b and PCDH-17 was verified through dual-luciferase reporter system. In vitro, Hep-2 cells were divided into the Control, miR-196b inhibitors, miR-NC, PCDH-17, and miR-196b mimics+PCDH-17 groups. The miR-196b and PCDH-17 expressions were determined by qRT-PCR or/and Western blot, and the biological features by MTT, Annexin V-FITC/PI, wound-healing and Transwell assays...
November 16, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Daniel Yafit, Narin Nard Carmel-Neiderman, Nadav Levy, Avrham Abergel, Alexander Niv, Ravit Yanko-Arzi, Arik Zaretski, Anat Wengier, Dan M Fliss, Gilad Horowitz
OBJECTIVE: Myxedema coma is a serious complication of hypothyroidism that can be precipitated by major surgery. It is extremely rare, with only a few reports in the literature. This study aims to present a relatively large case series of post-surgical myxedema coma and to analyze medical and surgical risk factors. METHODS: Analysis of the patients' surgical records and medical charts. RESULTS: Four patients developed postoperative myxedema coma and were evaluated for risk factors...
November 16, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Kota Takemoto, Nobuyuki Miyahara, Nobuyuki Chikuie, Takao Hamamoto, Takashi Ishino, Tsutomu Ueda, Sachio Takeno
CheckMate 141, an open-label, randomized phase III trial of nivolumab, indicated that treatment with nivolumab prolonged overall survival of patients with platinum-refractory, recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Herein, we describe a case of brain metastasis of parotid carcinoma in which a good response was achieved after nivolumab treatment. The patient was a 67-year-old woman with parotid carcinoma (cT4bN0M0) who received induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiation. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging performed 10 weeks after the primary treatment revealed a residual tumor and brain and lung metastases...
November 12, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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