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Auris, Nasus, Larynx

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215637/polyglycolic-acid-sheet-attached-with-fibrin-glue-can-facilitate-faster-epithelialization-of-the-mastoid-cavity-after-canal-wall-down-tympanoplasty
#1
Taisuke Kobayashi, Kiyofumi Gyo, Masahiro Komori, Masamitsu Hyodo
OBJECTIVE: This study retrospectively investigated whether polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet attached to the bone surface using fibrin glue facilitate faster epithelialization of the mastoid bowl after canal wall-down (CWD) tympanoplasty compared to a simple dressing using poly-N-acetyl-glucosamine (Kichin) sheet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After completion of the CWD tympanoplasty, PGA sheet (n=16, PGA group) with fibrin glue or Kichin sheet (n=38, Kichin group) were placed on the bone surface of the mastoid bowl...
February 16, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188026/clinical-significance-of-integrin-linked-kinase-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Ping-An Wu, Shi-Sheng Li, Qing-Lai Tang, Bing-Bing Liu, Xin-Ming Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and its relationship with clinicopathological parameters in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). METHODS: 116 patients who had previously undergone complete resection of tumor for LSCC were studied retrospectively. The level of ILK expression in tumor tissues and adjacent nontumor tissues were determined by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Increased expression of ILK was found in 65...
February 7, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173975/the-incidence-of-concha-bullosa-unusual-anatomic-variation-and-its-relationship-to-nasal-septal-deviation-a-retrospective-radiologic-study
#3
Soo Kweon Koo, Jong Deok Kim, Ji Seung Moon, Sung Hoon Jung, Sang Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: Identifying anatomical variations associated with pathological findings is very useful for diagnoses and therapeutics. We conducted a study to detect various anatomical variations (superior, middle, inferior turbinate concha bullosa, uncinate bulla and nasal swell body [NSB]) in connection with nasal septal deviation. METHODS: This study used a retrospective radiological design to analyze 594 (1188 sides) osteomeatal computed tomography scans from 494 male patients and 100 female patients aged between 17 and 75 years...
February 4, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161244/validation-of-a-new-snoring-detection-device-based-on-a-hysteresis-extraction-algorithm
#4
Hirotaka Hara, Masakazu Tsutsumi, Syunsuke Tarumoto, Toshikazu Shiga, Hiroshi Yamashita
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to introduce and validate our newly developed snoring detection device to automatically identify the incidence and amplitude of snores using the hysteresis extraction method. METHODS: Thirty patients (16 males and 14 females) with a history of snoring were included in this study. Each patient underwent a conventional polysomnography (PSG). Natural overnight snoring was recorded from each subject using our original snore detection device and an integrated circuit (IC) recorder while the patient slept during PSG...
February 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161243/facial-nerve-paralysis-associated-with-temporal-bone-masses
#5
Hironobu Nishijima, Kenji Kondo, Ryoji Kagoya, Hitoshi Iwamura, Kazuo Yasuhara, Tatsuya Yamasoba
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and electrophysiological features of facial nerve paralysis (FNP) due to benign temporal bone masses (TBMs) and elucidate its differences as compared with Bell's palsy. METHODS: FNP assessed by the House-Brackmann (HB) grading system and by electroneurography (ENoG) were compared retrospectively. RESULTS: We reviewed 914 patient records and identified 31 patients with FNP due to benign TBMs. Moderate FNP (HB Grades II-IV) was dominant for facial nerve schwannoma (FNS) (n=15), whereas severe FNP (Grades V and VI) was dominant for cholesteatomas (n=8) and hemangiomas (n=3)...
February 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159388/correlation-between-auditory-brainstem-response-and-hearing-prognosis-in-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-patients
#6
Hung-Che Lin, Yu-Ching Chou, Chih-Hung Wang, Li-Wen Hung, Cheng-Ping Shih, Bor-Hwang Kang, Wen-Ying Yeh, Hsin-Chien Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the latency and amplitude of auditory brainstem response (ABR) and hearing prognosis in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). METHODS: Patients with ISSNHL were classified into four different recovery groups. All patients' clinical and demographic features were analyzed. Two-channel ABRs were collected in response to click stimuli at 90dB nHL. ABR amplitudes for wave I and ABR latency for waves I, III, and V were analyzed...
January 31, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153693/breathing-parameters-associated-to-two-different-external-nasal-dilator-strips-in-endurance-athletes
#7
Giancarlo Ottaviano, Andrea Ermolao, Ennio Nardello, Flavio Muci, Vittorio Favero, Marco Zaccaria, Lorenzo Favero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the effects of two different external nasal dilator strips (ENDS) on nasal respiratory flow, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), nasal VO2max, time to exhaustion and subjective nasal obstruction in adult triathletes participating in exhaustive, controlled physical exercise tests. METHODS: Thirteen healthy triathletes without nasal symptoms were recruited and randomly tested in three different conditions: without ENDS, wearing the Breathe Right(®) dilator strip and wearing the Master-aid Roll-flex(®) strip...
January 30, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139343/lymphoepithelial-carcinoma-in-parotid-gland-related-to-ebv-infection-a-case-report
#8
Hiroyuki Maeda, Takuya Yamashiro, Yukashi Yamashita, Hitoshi Hirakawa, Shinya Agena, Takayuki Uehara, Sen Matayoshi, Mikio Suzuki
Lymphoepithelial carcinoma commonly occurs at the nasopharynx and rarely occurs at other sites in the head and neck region. It is well known to occur at limited patients of local area as Asia or Arctic Circle. Related to this point, it is pointed out that this tumor has strong relation with Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) infection. In this time, we experienced to treat lymphoepithelial carcinoma with metastatic cervical lymph nodes occurring at parotid gland. The morbidity ratio of this tumor is less than one percent of all parotid gland tumors...
January 27, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126274/pulsatile-tinnitus-and-carotid-artery-dissection
#9
Yuya Shimizu, Masato Yagi
Carotid artery dissection is an uncommon entity associated with head and neck pain, partial Horner's syndrome, amaurosis fugax, and brain ischemia, which may all occur in isolation or in combination. Herein, we report a rare case of cervical artery dissection in which pulsatile tinnitus was the only reported symptom. A 38-years-old man attended our hospital with a 4-days history of left side pulsatile tinnitus which began after stumbling. He had no other symptom. MRA showed luminal stenosis with pseudo lumen of the internal carotid artery...
January 23, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119095/unilateral-vocal-fold-adductor-paralysis-after-tracheal-intubation
#10
Takao Goto, Takaharu Nito, Rumi Ueha, Akihito Yamauchi, Taku Sato, Tatsuya Yamasoba
Vocal fold immobility is a relatively rare complication that can occur after tracheal intubation. Differential diagnoses include a rare clinical entity called unilateral vocal fold adductor paralysis in which only branches entering the thyroarytenoid and lateral cricoarytenoid muscles of the recurrent laryngeal nerve become paralyzed. Computed tomography and laryngeal electromyography are required to distinguish this condition from others such as cricoarytenoid dislocation/subluxation. Here, we describe two patients who developed vocal fold adductor paralysis after intubation...
January 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119094/regenerative-treatment-for-tympanic-membrane-perforation-using-gelatin-sponge-with-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor
#11
Kaoru Omae, Shin-Ichi Kanemaru, Eiji Nakatani, Hideaki Kaneda, Tsutomu Nishimura, Risa Tona, Yasushi Naito, Atsuhiko Kawamoto, Masanori Fukushima
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of regenerative treatment using gelatin sponge with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in patients with tympanic membrane perforation (TMP). METHODS: The current study was a prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm, and exploratory clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the TM regeneration procedure (TMRP). Myringotomy was used to mechanically disrupt the edge of the TMP, and a gelatin sponge immersed in bFGF was then placed over the perforation...
January 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119093/comparison-of-endoscopic-transcanal-myringoplasty-and-endoscopic-type-i-tympanoplasty-in-repairing-medium-sized-tympanic-perforations
#12
Chih-Chieh Tseng, Ming-Tang Lai, Chia-Che Wu, Sheng-Po Yuan, Yi-Fang Ding
OBJECTIVE: The tympanomeatal flap elevation technique has been used in tympanoplasty for decades; however, this procedure has disadvantages. In recent years, endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty (ETM) has been increasingly practiced and has yielded positive results.This study compares the efficacy of ETM and endoscopic type I tympanoplasty (ETT) in repairing medium-sized perforations of the tympanic membrane. METHODS: This retrospective medical record review included patients undergoing surgery for medium-sized perforations of the tympanic membrane from January 1, 2013 to August 1, 2015...
January 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119092/a-new-electroneurography-as-a-prognostic-tool-for-marginal-mandibular-nerve-paralysis-after-parotid-gland-surgery-a-preliminary-evaluation
#13
Shin-Ichi Haginomori, Shin-Ichi Wada, Takahiro Ichihara, Tetsuya Terada, Ryo Kawata
OBJECTIVE: Marginal mandibular nerve paralysis is the most frequent complication of benign parotid tumor surgery and results in cosmetic deformity. The purpose of this study was to develop a new electroneurography method for marginal mandibular nerve paralysis using electroneurography (ENoG) and judge its usefulness for clinical practice. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients who underwent surgery for benign parotid tumor were enrolled. We proposed and use the mandibular angle method, in which the recording electrode was placed on the skin above the depressor anguli oris muscle while the reference electrode was placed on the skin of the parietal region, and percutaneous electrical stimulation was applied to enclose the mandibular angle that could measure the function of the marginal mandibular nerve solely...
January 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087093/audiologic-and-radiologic-findings-in-cochlear-hypoplasia
#14
Betul Cicek Cinar, Merve Ozbal Batuk, Emel Tahir, Gonca Sennaroglu, Levent Sennaroglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to evaluate audiologic and radiologic findings of cochlear hypoplasia which is a subgroup of inner ear malformations. METHODS: This study was a prospective clinical study and based on voluntary participation from cases with cochlear hypoplasia diagnosis. The study was conducted at Hacettepe University, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Audiology. Subjects were selected from an inner ear malformations database...
January 10, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077250/role-of-video-head-impulse-test-in-lateralization-of-vestibulopathy-comparative-study-with-caloric-test
#15
Pona Park, Joo Hyun Park, Ji Soo Kim, Ja-Won Koo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the lateralization value of video head-impulse test (vHIT) for the diagnosis of vestibulopathy and to analyze cases showing dissociated results with caloric test. METHODS: In total, 19 healthy volunteers and 92 dizzy patients who underwent both a caloric test and a vHIT were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups depending on their fluctuating pattern of vertigo. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain and gain asymmetry (GA) of a vHIT as well as unilateral weakness (UW) and the sum of the slow-phase velocities (SPVs) of warm and cold irrigation of the same side were compared...
January 8, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043710/complication-and-surgical-site-infection-for-salvage-surgery-in-head-and-neck-cancer-after-chemoradiotherapy-and-bioradiotherapy
#16
Hidenori Suzuki, Nobuhiro Hanai, Daisuke Nishikawa, Yujiro Fukuda, Yasuhisa Hasegawa
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the complications, surgical site infection (SSI), and survival in salvage surgery without free-flap reconstruction for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who were treated by platinum-based chemoradiotherapy (Plat-CRT) or cetuximab-based bioradiotherapy (Cet-BRT). METHODS: Thirty-three patients treated by Plat-CRT and six treated by Cet-BRT had salvage surgery. We categorized postoperative complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification and SSI according to the wound grading scale...
December 30, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041650/attic-cholesteatoma-with-closure-of-the-entrance-to-pars-flaccida-retraction-pocket
#17
Shingo Matsuzawa, Yukiko Iino, Daiki Yamamoto, Masayo Hasegawa, Mariko Hara, Akihiro Shinnabe, Hiromi Kanazawa, Naohiro Yoshida
We report three patients with pars flaccida-type cholesteatoma (attic cholesteatoma) with closure of the entrance to the cholesteatoma at the time of surgery. These patients were diagnosed with attic cholesteatoma requiring surgery on the basis of abnormal findings of the pars flaccida, audiometry, and temporal bone computed tomography during the clinical course. Intraoperatively, cholesteatoma matrix and granulation tissue were observed behind the intact pars flaccida epithelium, which suggested that the entrance had apparently closed and the continuity with the cholesteatoma matrix disappeared after resolution of inflammation at the pars flaccida...
December 29, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017492/superior-canal-dehiscence-with-tegmen-defect-revealed-by-otoscopy-video-clip-demonstration-of-pulsatile-tympanic-membrane
#18
Andrea Castellucci, Cristina Brandolini, Gianluca Piras, Ignacio Javier Fernandez, Davide Giordano, Carmine Pernice, Giovanni Carlo Modugno, Antonio Pirodda, Gian Gaetano Ferri
Superior canal dehiscence is a pathologic condition of the otic capsule acting as aberrant window of the inner ear. It results in reduction of inner ear impedance and in abnormal exposure of the labyrinthine neuroepithelium to the action of the surrounding structures. The sum of these phenomena leads to the onset of typical cochleo-vestibular symptoms and signs. Among them, pulsatile tinnitus has been attributed to a direct transmission of intracranial vascular activities to labyrinthine fluids. We present the first video-otoscopic documentation of spontaneous pulse-synchronous movements of the tympanic membrane in two patients with superior canal dehiscence...
December 22, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012827/comparison-of-level-and-degree-of-upper-airway-obstruction-by-m%C3%A3-ller-s-maneuver-and-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#19
Ah Ra Jung, Tae Kyung Koh, Su Jin Kim, Kun Hee Lee, Joong Saeng Cho, Sung Wan Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare and analyze the level and degree of observed upper airway obstruction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using Müller's maneuver (MM) and drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). We sought to find a method for evaluating the upper airway that could be used to determine surgical sites. METHODS: This study included 80 OSA patients who visited Kyung Hee Medical Center and underwent polysomnography (PSG) from March 2013 to March 2014...
December 21, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010943/neck-dissection-with-harmonic-scalpel-and-electrocautery-a-randomised-study
#20
Roshan K Verma, Arulalan Mathiazhagan, Naresh K Panda
OBJECTIVE: Is the use of harmonic scalpel for neck dissection useful? Literature search did not show a single, prospective, randomised control trial. We intended to study the role of harmonic scalpel in neck dissection and compare it with conventional electrocautery technique for oral cavity carcinoma. METHODS: 40 patients undergoing selective neck dissection for primary oral cavity malignancy were enrolled in this study. The harmonic scalpel (HS) group consisted of 20 patients, and the electrocautery technique (ET) group comprised of 20 patients...
December 20, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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