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Auris, Nasus, Larynx

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685505/predictive-value-of-the-hyodo-score-in-endoscopic-evaluation-of-aspiration-during-swallowing
#1
Yoshihiro Chiba, Daisuke Sano, Yukiko Ikui, Goshi Nishimura, Kenichiro Yabuki, Yasuhiro Arai, Teruhiko Tanabe, Hidetaka Ikemiyagi, Hiroshi Hyakusoku, Nobuhiko Oridate
OBJECTIVE: The Hyodo scoring system during the endoscopic procedure has been proposed as a new tool for evaluating oral intake feasibility. However, the effectiveness of the information obtained from this procedure in predicting aspiration is not fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the significance of clinical factors, including Hyodo scores, for predicting the risk of aspiration. METHODS: Five hundred and twenty-eight endoscopic swallowing examinations were performed...
April 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685504/the-influence-of-marital-status-on-survival-for-patients-aged-65-years-and-younger-with-oral-cavity-cancer
#2
Pei-Hsun Liao, Ching-Chih Lee
OBJECTIVE: In Taiwan, the median age of diagnosis for oral cavity cancer is 51 year old, which is about 10 years earlier than that in Western countries. A recent study assessing the effect of marriage on outcomes for elderly oral cavity cancer patients (≥66 years old) showed that marriage was associated with better survival. However, little is known about the prognostic significance of marital status in oral cavity cancer patients aged 65 years and younger. METHODS: Data from 2007 to 2014 were collected from the Cancer Registry Dataset of the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital...
April 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680680/pneumolabyrinth-intracochlear-and-vestibular-fluid-loss-after-cochlear-implantation
#3
Hideaki Moteki, Yasunari Fujinaga, Tetsuya Goto, Shin-Ichi Usami
The present case was a 38-year-old male who presented with progressive hearing loss, resulting in profound bilateral hearing loss. He had a past history of childhood medulloblastoma, which was treated with posterior fossa craniotomy and radiotherapy. A ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt was put in place to manage the hydrocephalus. Cochlear implantation (CI) was carried out on his right ear by a standard procedure. At CI activation, the electric impedance of the electrode was very high, and computed tomography revealed that there was no area of liquid density, suggesting depletion of the perilymph in the cochlea and vestibule...
April 18, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673563/management-of-laryngeal-cleft-in-mechanically-ventilated-children-with-severe-comorbidities
#4
Rumi Ueha, Takao Goto, Asako Kaneoka, Tomonori Takano, Taku Sato, Yoichiro Hirata, Takaharu Nito, Tatsuya Yamasoba
Laryngeal clefts are rare congenital malformations of the posterior part of the larynx. The severities are correlated with the downward extension of the cleft and can involve numerous clinical symptoms including dysphagia and respiratory distress. As significant comorbidities may be present, individual treatments depend on the child's general condition and type of cleft involved. Herein, we describe two cases of children with laryngeal clefts and severe comorbidities requiring mechanical ventilation. One child with type III laryngeal cleft was successfully managed with the lateral pharyngotomy approach...
April 16, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653784/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-head-and-neck-a-retrospective-clinical-analysis-of-a-single-institution
#5
Chin-Fang Chang, Ming-Yu Hsieh, Mu-Kuan Chen, Ming-Chih Chou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636205/comparison-of-functional-outcomes-after-total-thyroidectomy-and-completion-thyroidectomy-hypoparathyroidism-and-postoperative-complications
#6
Young Min Park, Jeong-Rok Kim, Kyung Ho Oh, Jae-Gu Cho, Seung-Kuk Baek, Soon-Young Kwon, Kwang-Yoon Jung, Jeong-Soo Woo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate differences in functional outcomes of postoperative complications and hypoparathyroidism between patients who underwent completion thyroidectomy (CT) after thyroid lobectomy or total thyroidectomy (TT) as an initial treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the differences of functional outcomes after completion thyroidectomy and total thyroidectomy without lymph node dissection. We reviewed the medical records of 396 patients who underwent CT or TT for thyroid disease at Korea University Guro Hospital from March 2002 to August 2016...
April 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636204/surgical-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-temporal-bone-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Federico Maria Gioacchini, Ettore Cassandro, Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli, Shaniko Kaleci, Claudia Cassandro, Alfonso Scarpa, Massimo Re
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628319/facial-nerve-palsy-and-laryngospasm-as-a-complication-of-local-anaesthesia-during-adenotonsillectomy
#8
Michał Lubszczyk, Anna Łuczyńska-Sopel, Dariusz Polaczkiewicz
Tonsil surgeries are the most frequently performed surgical procedures in ENT departments. We would like to present the case of a 5-year-old patient who suffered from unilateral peripheral facial nerve palsy and laryngeal spasm following adenotonsillectomy. Paresis was observed immediately after the transfer of the patient to the postoperative room. The activity of facial muscles was restored within 2 hours from the beginning of the surgery. We assume that this was the direct effect of an anaesthetic on the extracranial processes of the facial nerve...
April 5, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609841/the-safety-and-risk-factors-of-revision-adenoidectomy-in-children-and-adolescents-a-nationwide-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Dai-Lou Lin, Chuan-Song Wu, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Tzong-Yang Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety of adenoidectomy and risk factors of re-adenoidectomy, and intend to provide evidence-based information to clinicians for further consideration. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was based on data obtained from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from the period 2002-2011. We utilized that data from the hospitalization group and collected information regarding those individuals who accepted adenoidectomy with or without tonsillectomy and post-adenoidectomy bleeding...
March 30, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602585/trend-in-otolaryngological-surgeries-in-an-era-of-super-aging-descriptive-statistics-using-a-japanese-inpatient-database
#10
Sayaka Suzuki, Hideo Yasunaga, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Tatsuya Yamasoba
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the age distribution and capture the longitudinal trend in otolaryngological surgeries performed in Japan, where society is rapidly aging. METHODS: Using the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, we extracted data on patients who were hospitalized and underwent any type of otolaryngological surgery in departments of otolaryngology or head and neck surgery from fiscal year 2007 to fiscal year 2013. Type of surgery, patient's age, and fiscal year were compared...
March 27, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588140/cochlear-implant-function-in-a-patient-with-jervell-and-lange-nielsen-syndrome-after-defibrillation-by-countershock
#11
Shinsuke Kaneshiro, Harukazu Hiraumi, Kirito Shimamoto, Kaori Sasamori, Yumiko Kobayashi, Hiroaki Sato
Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (JLNS), a rare autosomal recessive congenital QT prolongation syndrome, is characterized by cardiac arrhythmias, syncopal episodes, and profound deafness. A cochlear implant (CI) for patients with JLNS is expected to result in hearing improvement. Sometimes, defibrillation is required if a patient experiences lethal arrhythmia. In this paper, we report a pediatric patient with JLNS who received defibrillation after CI surgery in his right ear at the age of 2 years. With intensive care, the post-operative course was uneventful, and the patient acquired satisfactory speech and hearing abilities...
March 24, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571548/analysis-of-chemosensory-function-in-patients-with-chronic-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-prior-to-and-after-balloon-dilatation
#12
Walliczek-Dworschak Ute, Schmierer Lisa, Greene Brandon, Pellegrino Robert, Dworschak Philipp, Boris Alexander Stuck, Güldner Christian
OBJECTIVE: Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) affects approximately 1% of adults in the general population. Non treated Eustachian tube dysfunction can result in chronic middle ear diseases, which have been shown to significantly affect taste sensitivity. A promising treatment is balloon dilatation of the Eustachian tube. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate whether individuals with ETD had impairment in chemosensory functions, and the changes of the chemosensory function after balloon dilatation of the Eustachian tube...
March 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567334/multicenter-phase-i-ii-study-of-chemoradiotherapy-with-high-dose-cddp-for-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-japan
#13
Hiroshi Matsuyama, Keisuke Yamazaki, Ryuichi Okabe, Yushi Ueki, Ryusuke Shodo, Jo Omata, Yuichiro Sato, Hisayuki Ota, Takeshi Takahashi, Masahiko Tomita, Yusuke Yokoyama, Takafumi Togashi, Hidefumi Aoyama, Eisuke Abe, Yasuo Saijo, Kouji Katsura, Marie Soga, Tadashi Sugita, Yasuo Matsumoto, Emiko Tsuchida, Arata Horii
OBJECTIVE: Recent data indicated that concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) using high dose cisplatin (CDDP) is the most useful treatment for advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Regarding the dose of CDDP, 100mg/m2 is most recommended in Western countries. However, in terms of a balance of efficacy and adverse events, appropriate dose of cytotoxic drugs such as CDDP may be different among the different ethnic groups. In this multicenter phase I/II study, we aimed to identify the optimal dose of CDDP in CCRT for patients with advanced head and neck SCC in the Japanese...
March 19, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551206/sound-energy-absorbance-characteristics-of-cartilage-grafts-used-in-type-1-tympanoplasty
#14
Nesibe Gül Yüksel Aslıer, Selhan Gürkan, Mustafa Aslıer, Günay Kirkim, Enis Alpin Güneri, Ahmet Ömer Ikiz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this prospective case-control study is to evaluate the sound energy absorbance characteristics of cartilage grafts in patients, who have undergone type 1 cartilage tympanoplasty. METHODS: Thirty-four operated ears of 32 patients and 70 ears of 35 control subjects were included. Differences of pure-tone audiometry thresholds and wideband ambient-pressure absorbance ratios with respect to the graft material, graft thickness, cartilage surface area ratio and elapsed time after surgery were analyzed...
March 15, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548524/clinical-features-of-nasal-and-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma-associated-with-malignancy
#15
Takuya Miyazaki, Yasuharu Haku, Akira Yoshizawa, Ken Iwanaga, Takashi Fujiwara, Masanobu Mizuta, Atsuhiro Yoshida, Shinichi Satou, Hisanobu Tamaki
OBJECTIVE: Nasal and sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) are rare benign tumors and have the potential to exhibit malignancy in approximately 10% of cases. This study aimed to analyze the clinical features of IP associated with malignancy. Furthermore, we reviewed our therapeutic strategy and the clinical course of malignant IP. METHODS: Overall, 70 patients with IP at our institution were retrospectively analyzed from April 2006 to December 2015; of these, six (9%) had associated malignancy...
March 13, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548523/effects-of-nasal-septum-perforation-repair-on-nasal-airflow-an-analysis-using-computational-fluid-dynamics-on-preoperative-and-postoperative-three-dimensional-models
#16
Tsutomu Nomura, Munetaka Ushio, Kenji Kondo, Shigeru Kikuchi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research is to examine the changes in nasal airflow dynamics before and after the nasal perforation repair. METHODS: Three dimensional (3D) models of the nasal cavity before and after septal perforation repair was reconstructed using preoperative and postoperative computed tomography (CT) images of a patient. The numerical simulation was carried out using ANSYS CFX V15.0. Pre- and post-operative models were compared by their velocity, pressure (P), pressure gradient (PG), wall shear (WS), shear strain rate (SSR) and turbulence kinetic energy (TKE) in three plains...
March 13, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544872/relation-between-globus-pharyngeus-and-osa-in-patients-examined-simultaneously-by-psg-and-ph-monitor-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Ayako Fukui, Meiho Nakayama, Naoko Sakamoto, Sachie Arima, Shintaro Sato, Motohiko Suzuki, Shingo Murakami
OBJECTIVE: This was a first cross-sectional single-center study to research the relation between globus pharyngeus, OSA and GERD. Since previous clinical studies have demonstrated a relationship between globus phayrngeus and GERD, however, no reported study on the relation between globus pharyngeus, sleep disorders including OSA, and GERD. METHODS: Seventeen patients underwent general and otorhinolaryngological examinations and responded to several questionnaires (ESS, PSQI, HADS, and Globus pharyngeus VAS score) at their first visit, and underwent a gastroesophageal test for 24-h pH monitoring and in-laboratory PSG one to two months later...
March 12, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526580/home-particle-repositioning-maneuver-to-prevent-the-recurrence-of-posterior-canal-bppv
#18
Elshahat Ibrahem Ismail, Ashraf Elsayed Morgan, Mohamed Moustafa Abdeltawwab
OBJECTIVE: To check the value of home particle repositioning maneuver in the prevention of the recurrence of posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (pc-BPPV). METHODS: In this study, patients diagnosed as unilateral posterior canal BPPV were selected following an accurate evaluation using video goggle VNG system. All patients were managed by particle repositioning maneuver (PRM). Patients were instructed to do home PRM once weekly for five years. Then, they were divided into two groups (according to choice of patient to do PRM)...
March 8, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519689/reliability-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-glasgow-edinburgh-throat-scale-gets-j-use-for-a-symptom-scale-of-globus-sensation
#19
Nao Takahashi, Kaori Mori, Hironori Baba, Takanobu Sasaki, Masaaki Ohno, Fumio Ikarashi, Naotaka Aizawa, Kunihiro Sato, Akio Tsuchiya, Hideyuki Hanazawa, Masahiko Tomita, Yamato Kubota, Yuka Morita, Kuniyuki Takahashi, Arata Horii
OBJECTIVE: Globus sensation, a feeling of lump or something stuck in the throat, could be caused by structural, functional, and psychogenic diseases. Due to a possible multifactorial nature of the disease, neither diagnosing test battery nor standard treatment for globus sensation has been established. Therefore, a questionnaire to accurately identify globus patients and evaluate the severity of the disease is desired. Glasgow Edinburgh Throat Scale (GETS) is a 10-item questionnaire about the throat symptoms consisting of three subscales relating to dysphagia, globus sensation, and pain/swelling in the throat...
March 6, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519690/music-enjoyment-with-cochlear-implantation
#20
REVIEW
Charlotte Prevoteau, Stephanie Y Chen, Anil K Lalwani
Since the advent of cochlear implant (CI) surgery in the 1960s, there have been remarkable technological and surgical advances enabling excellent speech perception in quiet with many CI users able to use the telephone. However, many CI users struggle with music perception, particularly with the pitch-based and melodic elements of music. Yet remarkably, despite poor music perception, many CI users enjoy listening to music based on self-report questionnaires, and prospective studies have suggested a disassociation between music perception and enjoyment...
March 5, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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