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Auris, Nasus, Larynx

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932078/the-utility-of-vacuum-assisted-closure-therapy-for-skin-necrosis-secondary-to-cervical-abscess-in-the-elderly
#1
Tadataka Tsuji, Koichi Satoh, Emi Okuno, Akiko Sobue, Yoshiya Nishide, Susumu Tanaka, Mikihiko Kogo
Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) systems have been used as negative-pressure dressings in various fields, including decubitus ulcer, trauma, and wound dehiscence. To the best of our knowledge, few reports have examined the utility of VAC therapy for neck abscess in an oldest-old patient. We present here a rare case of neck abscess secondary to parotid abscess, resulting in extensive skin necrosis. Successful management included emergency drainage following epithelial induction through a VAC system without using skin grafting...
December 5, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913087/a-case-of-multiple-empyema-caused-by-streptococcus-intermedius
#2
Akihito Kaga, Ryuzaburo Higo, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Naoko Yokoi, Takuo Haruyama, Hiroaki Komatsu, Ayumi Yabe, Takeshi Kusunoki, Katsuhisa Ikeda
We report the case of a patient with multiple empyema present throughout his body, including chronic sinusitis and chronic suppurative otitis media, as well as subsequent epidural empyema, all caused by Streptococcus intermedius. A 38-year-old man presented with chief complaints of headache, left ear discharge, and nasal congestion. Imaging studies revealed pansinusitis, soft tissue signs in the mastoid cells, and otitis media. The patient was treated with meropenem hydrate, 6g/day. While clinical findings indicated improvement of the sinusitis, his headache did not improve...
November 29, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884592/nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-with-mastoid-recurrence-after-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-masquerading-as-acute-otomastoiditis
#3
Chih-Yu Hu, Shiang-Fu Huang, Wan-Ling Ho, Wen-Yu Chuang, Kai-Chieh Chan
Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) with mastoid recurrence is extraordinarily rare, and its development is thought to involve the Eustachian tube. We herein report a case of NPC with mastoid recurrence masquerading as acute otomastoiditis with facial paralysis in a 60-year-old man 44 months after concurrent chemoradiotherapy. The diagnosis was confirmed by exploratory tympanomastoidectomy with biopsy and Epstein-Barr-encoding region (EBER) in situ hybridization. Distant liver metastasis was detected simultaneously, and the patient underwent salvage treatment...
November 21, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884591/toll-like-receptor-ligands-induce-cytokine-and-chemokine-production-in-human-inner-ear-endolymphatic-sac-fibroblasts
#4
Takechiyo Yamada, Kazuhiro Ogi, Masafumi Sakashita, Masafumi Kanno, Seita Kubo, Yumi Ito, Yoshimasa Imoto, Takahiro Tokunaga, Masayuki Okamoto, Norihiko Narita, Shigeharu Fujieda
OBJECTIVE: Against recent reports concerning cytokine or chemokine in mouse or rat inner ear cells, it is almost unknown whether human inner ear cells would produce cytokine or chemokine. We have for the first time established the human inner-ear-derived fibroblasts from endolymphatic sac. METHODS: The expression levels of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in human endolymphatic sac fibroblasts, and the effect on cytokine or chemokine production of the TLR ligands have been examined...
November 21, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876219/optimizing-the-outcome-of-transnasal-endoscopic-sphenopalatine-artery-ligation-in-managing-refractory-posterior-epistaxis-a-case-control-analysis
#5
Mainak Dutta, Dibakar Haldar
OBJECTIVE: To optimize the outcome of transnasal endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation (TESPAL) by determining the key surgical steps and applying them accordingly. METHODS: This is a case-control study carried out in a tertiary care teaching institution on subjects who underwent TESPAL during the period of October 2010 to September 2015. Their surgical and clinical records were reviewed, and success (no re-bleed) and failure (return with re-bleed) were considered the main outcome measures of TESPAL...
November 18, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856033/salvage-transoral-videolaryngoscopic-surgery-for-radiorecurrent-hypopharyngeal-and-supraglottic-cancer
#6
Masayuki Tomifuji, Koji Araki, Taku Yamashita, Akihiro Shiotani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of Transoral Videolaryngoscopic Surgery (TOVS) for radiorecurrent supraglottic and hypopharyngeal cancer, and to compare survival and complications between primary and radiorecurrent cases. METHODS: Twelve cases of salvage TOVS for radiorecurrent cancer and 53 cases of TOVS as an initial treatment (primary cases) were evaluated. Days to resume soft diet, Functional Outcomes of Swallowing Scale (FOSS), postoperative complications, epithelization days and survival outcomes were assessed by retrospective chart review...
November 14, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832910/clinical-predictors-of-aminoglycoside-induced-ototoxicity-in-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-on-intensive-therapy
#7
Olusola Ayodele Sogebi, Bolanle Olufunlola Adefuye, Stephen Oluwatosin Adebola, Susan Modupe Oladeji, Taiwo Olugbemiga Adedeji
OBJECTIVE: The study objectives were to determine the incidence of aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicity in institutionalized patients on intensive phase of therapy for drug-resistant Tuberculosis (DR Tb) and also to assess clinical factors which could predict the ototoxicity. METHODS: The study was a prospective analytical study among consecutive DR Tb patients who were admitted for intensive phase of therapy (of 4 months) at the DR-Tb center over a 12-month period...
November 7, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817938/metabolomic-analysis-of-urine-with-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-patients-with-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-preliminary-study
#8
Filippo Carta, Milena Lussu, Fabrizio Bandino, Noto Antonio, Marcello Peppi, Natalia Chuchueva, Atzori Luigi, Vassilios Fanos, Roberto Puxeddu
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a frequent emergency, with unknown aetiology and usually treated with empiric therapy. Steroids represent the only validated treatment but prognosis is unpredictable and the possibility to select the patients who will not respond to steroids could avoid unnecessary treatments. Metabolomic profiling of the biofluids target the analysis of the final product of genic expression and enzymatic activity, defining the biochemical phenotype of a whole biologic system...
November 3, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816237/clinical-benefit-of-component-resolved-diagnosis-in-japanese-birch-allergic-patients-with-a-convincing-history-of-apple-or-peach-allergy
#9
Hideaki Shirasaki, Tetsuo Yamamoto, Shu Abe, Etsuko Kanaizumi, Megumi Kikuchi, Tetsuo Himi
OBJECTIVE: In northern Japan, birch pollen is the major allergen in pollinosis, while oral allergy syndrome (OAS) is caused primarily by apple and peach, and is almost exclusively related to birch pollinosis. To clarify the clinical benefit of allergen-based component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) in Japanese birch-allergic patients with OAS, we present an analysis of IgE profiles in response to crude extracts and recombinant component-resolved allergen to birch pollen and Rosaceae fruits allergens...
November 2, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810126/randomized-controlled-trial-of-juzen-taiho-to-in-children-with-recurrent-acute-otitis-media
#10
Makoto Ito, Yumiko Maruyama, Ken Kitamura, Toshimitsu Kobayashi, Haruo Takahashi, Noboru Yamanaka, Yasuaki Harabuchi, Hideki Origasa, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) in young children is rapidly increasing worldwide. Repeated antibiotic use leads to antibiotic-resistant pathogen development. Complementary and alternative medicine approaches have been suggested as a supplemental treatment option to conventional antimicrobial medicine. This randomized, parallel-group, open-label, non-herbal medicine controlled trial assessed the efficacy of a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, juzen-taiho-to (JTT) for AOM prevention in otitis-prone children...
October 31, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793496/congenital-nasal-cavity-stenosis-in-children-with-craniosyntosis-a-report-of-4-rare-cases
#11
Yew Toong Liew, Siew Shuin Soo, Anna Marie Nathan, Anura Michelle Manuel
Congenital bony nasal stenosis (CBNS) is a very rare but life-threatening cause of airway obstruction in neonates and infants. This review aims to assess the presentation and early airway management of 4 new cases of craniosynostosis with bilateral nasal cavity stenosis. Patients were treated with endoscopic endonasal widening of the nasal cavity and stenting. All patients were extubated well post-operatively with resolution of symptoms. They remained asymptomatic with stents in situ for at least 6 months with no complications reported...
October 25, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769535/chondrosarcoma-of-the-hyoid-bone-report-of-a-case-and-a-literature-review-of-the-suitable-treatment-strategy
#12
Daisuke Maki, Taisuke Mori, Masanori Teshima, Kenya Kobayashi, Fumihiko Matsumoto, Akihiro Sakai, Kenji Okami, Seiichi Yoshimoto
Chondrosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor occurring in the trunk and long bones. We present an extremely rare case of chondrosarcoma of the hyoid bone with clinical and pathological correlation and a literature review. We searched all cases of the hyoid chondrosarcoma in PubMed (MEDLINE) between 1990 and 2015. Eighteen cases were analyzed, including the present case. Most of them were low grade type. In 12 cases where intraoperative findings were recorded, no adhesion to the surrounding tissue was observed. Chondrosarcoma of the hyoid bone is usually low grade type, and there may be no invasion to the adjacent structures even if invasion is suspected by imaging findings...
October 18, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720480/basaloid-squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-in-an-inverted-papilloma-in-the-nasal-cavity-a-case-report-and-review
#13
Satoshi Koyama, Yosuke Nakamura, Yuko Yokoyama, Tsuyoshi Morisaki, Takahiro Fukuhara, Kazunori Fujiwara, Hiroya Kitano, Hiromi Takeuchi
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a histologically distinctive variant of squamous cell carcinoma comprising basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. BSCC is aggressive and shows a poor prognosis because of frequent lymph node invasion and distant metastases. BSCC preferentially occurs in the cervix, thymus, and esophagus and is uncommonly found in the head and neck region. BSCC in the nasal cavity or paranasal sinus is particularly rare. Inverted papilloma is an uncommon, benign tumor with a propensity to be associated with malignancy; however, BSCC arising in an inverted papilloma has never been reported...
October 6, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720479/two-cases-of-thermal-burns-of-the-larynx-in-older-men
#14
Yukiyoshi Hyo, Kenji Fukutsuji, Hisaki Fukushima, Tamotsu Harada
Cases of thermal burns of the larynx in infants and in patients with mental illness have been reported, but those in older people are rare. We report two cases of thermal burns of the larynx in older people caused by ingestion of microwave-heated food (meat and potato stew or a bean-jam filled bun). Both patients were users of full dentures. Conservative therapy was effective in one patient, while tracheotomy was performed in the other patient at the time of the initial examination. Hot food is expelled from the mouth as a reflective response, preventing thermal burns of the larynx...
October 6, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692400/the-role-of-nasal-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-as-an-objective-parameter-independent-of-nasal-airflow-resistance-in-the-diagnosis-of-allergic-rhinitis
#15
Sachio Takeno, Yutaka Okabayashi, Takashi Kohno, Kouhei Yumii, Katsuhiro Hirakawa
OBJECTIVE: Patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) show augmented activity of nitric oxide (NO) metabolism, similar to those in bronchial asthma (BA). We hypothesized that measurements of nasal fractional exhaled NO (FeNO) could be used as an objective marker to detect the presence of AR. Our objective was to clarify the influence of nasal airflow resistance (NAR) on nasal FeNO levels through an exhalation maneuver in symptomatic AR patients. We also examined the diagnostic test validity of the mean nasal FeNO level for disease discrimination by means of a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis...
September 27, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692399/acetylcholine-induced-ex-vivo-atp-release-from-the-human-nasal-mucosa
#16
Hiroki Koizumi, Shoji Ikezaki, Toyoaki Ohbuchi, Ba Hung Do, Nobusuke Hohchi, Rintaro Kawaguchi, Takuro Kitamura, Hideaki Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at investigating ATP release in response to acetylcholine (Ach) and pharmacologically elucidating the intracellular signal transduction pathway of this reaction in an ex vivo experiment. METHODS: The inferior turbinate mucosa was collected from 21 patients with chronic hypertrophic rhinitis who underwent endoscopic turbinectomy. The mucosa was shaped into a filmy round piece, and incubated with chemical(s) in Hank's balanced salt solution for 10min...
September 27, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666342/tympanoplasty-for-chondrodysplasia-punctata-case-report
#17
Makoto Hosoya, Sho Kanzaki, Satoko Wakabayashi, Kaoru Ogawa
Chondrodysplasia punctata (CP) is a systemic disorder of chondrogenesis. The most prominent features of patients with CP are abnormal faces characterized by a flat nose and short stature. CP patients show various types and levels of hearing loss. This disease is rare, and no successful tympanoplasties with hearing recovery have been reported. Here, we report on a CP case, in which hearing recovery was successfully treated with tympanoplasty.
September 22, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637556/transcutaneous-immunization-in-auricle-skin-induces-antigen-specific-mucosal-and-systemic-immune-responses-in-balb-c-mice
#18
Hiromi Nagano, Tomohiro Jimura, Miho Nagano, Takao Makise, Keiichi Miyashita, Yuichi Kurono
OBJECTIVE: Transcutaneous immunization (TCI) is a novel route of vaccination through application of a topical vaccine antigen on skin. Phosphorylcholine (PC) is a structural component of a variety of pathogens, and anti-PC immune responses protect mice against invasive bacterial diseases. The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of TCI using PC in back skin or auricle skin in BALB/c mice. METHODS: TCI was performed in BALB/c mice in back skin or auricle skin using PC-keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) plus cholera toxin (CT)...
September 13, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146005/a-case-of-recurrent-malignant-triton-tumor-successfully-treated-with-radiotherapy
#19
Makoto Yasuda, Yoko Muto, Toshihiro Kuremoto, Kentaro Murakami, Toshinori Onisihi, Atsuhide Koida, Takaaki Inui, Yasuo Hisa
A 15-year-old female was previously admitted to another hospital because of painless swelling of the lateral right nasal ala for 2 months. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an expansive enhancing lesion in close proximity to the anterior surface of the right maxillary sinus and lateral wall of the right nasal cavity. Tumor extirpation was performed via the supragingival transantral approach under general anesthesia. Histopathological study revealed a malignant triton tumor (MTT) arising from the nasal vestibule...
December 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112272/thyroid-carcinoma-with-rhabdoid-phenotype-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#20
Yen-Ting Lu, Hsin-I Huang, An-Hung Yang, Shyh-Kuan Tai
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to comprehensively document a rare case of thyroid carcinoma with rhabdoid phenotype and literature review of this disease. METHODS: A 59-year-old man presented with a rapidly enlarging, painful left lateral cervical mass. CT scan revealed a tumor over the left the thyroid gland with multiple left cervical lymphadenopathy over left level II-IV and level VI. Fine-needle aspiration cytology reported carcinoma, type undetermined. Total thyroidectomy with central compartment and left neck dissection was performed...
December 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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