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Auris, Nasus, Larynx

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224848/anti-mumps-igm-antibody-positive-rate-with-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-using-second-generation-enzyme-immunoassay-a-retrospective-multi-institutional-investigation-in-hokkaido-japan
#1
Atsushi Fukuda, Shinya Morita, Yuji Nakamaru, Kimiko Hoshino, Keishi Fujiwara, Shigeru Akazawa, Tomohiro Sakashita, Nobuyuki Obara, Akihiro Homma
OBJECTIVE: Although elevated anti-mumps IgM antibody levels were reported in 5.7%-7.2% of Japanese patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), there were several reports of false-positive cases, such as the continually IgM positive case and the IgM positive case in normal adults. To improve specificity, the new enzyme immuno assay (EIA) anti-mumps IgM antibody measurement kit was introduced in December 2009. This study re-examined the frequency of anti-mumps IgM antibody test positivity with SSNHL using the new measurement kit and compared the results with those from a previous report that used old kit...
December 7, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217121/diagnostic-and-treatment-effects-of-sialendoscopy-for-patients-with-swelling-of-the-parotid-gland-when-sialoliths-are-undetected-with-computed-tomography
#2
Norio Kondo, Toshio Yoshihara, Yukie Yamamura, Kaoru Kusama, Eri Sakitani, Yukako Seo, Mayako Tachikawa, Keiko Kujirai, Erika Ono, Yasuyo Maeda, Tomohito Nojima, Akiko Tamiya, Emiri Sato, Manabu Nonaka
Between August 2009 and May 2016, 74 patients underwent sialoendoscopic surgery. 32 patients had parotid gland disease and 9 patients had intermittent swelling of the parotid gland and sialoliths were not detected with CT imaging. 4 patients were diagnosed with idiopathic Stensen's duct stenosis. Sialendoscopy directly confirmed Stensen's duct stenosis in 2 patients. However, the sialendoscope was unable to be inserted in the other 2 patients, who had stenosis of the orifice of the Stensen's duct. Balloon expansion of the duct was performed in these 2 patients and a steroid drug was injected into the duct in one patient...
December 4, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208334/factors-influencing-recurrent-emergency-department-visits-for-epistaxis-in-the-elderly
#3
Mohamad R Chaaban, Dong Zhang, Vicente Resto, James S Goodwin
OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to determine the risk factors associated with recurrent epistaxis requiring emergency department (ED) visits in the elderly. METHODS: We used a 5% national sample of Medicare data from January 2012 through December 2013. Our cohort included patients with a new diagnosis of epistaxis in the ED, defined as no epistaxis in the prior 12 months. We assessed the rates of ED visits for recurrent epistaxis in the 12 months following the incident visit...
December 2, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203318/lymph-node-ratio-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-survival-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Daisuke Sano, Kenichiro Yabuki, Hideaki Takahashi, Yasuhiro Arai, Yoshihiro Chiba, Teruhiko Tanabe, Goshi Nishimura, Nobuhiko Oridate
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to validate the concept of lymph node ratio (LNR) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: A total of 63 patients with HNSCC who underwent resection of the primary tumor combined with neck dissection in our institution were analyzed in this study. LNR was defined as the number of positive lymph nodes divided by the total number of lymph nodes excised. LNR was categorized into two groups (<0.068 and ≥0...
December 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196108/leaflets-and-continual-educational-offerings-led-to-increased-coverage-rate-of-newborn-hearing-screening-in-akita
#5
Teruyuki Sato, Misao Nakazawa, Shin Takahashi, Tomomi Mizuno, Akira Sato, Atsuko Noguchi, Megumi Sato, Sadako Katagiri, Takechiyo Yamada
OBJECTIVE: Newborn hearing screening (NHS) has been actively performed in Japan since 2001. The NHS coverage rate has increased each year in Akita Prefecture. We analyzed the details of the NHS program and how the Akita leaflets and the many educational offerings about the importance of NHS led to the high NHS coverage rate. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in liveborn newborns in hospitals and in clinics where hearing screening was performed from the program's beginning in 2001 through the end of 2015...
November 28, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191364/an-improved-system-for-grading-and-treating-tinnitus
#6
Mariko Takahashi, Kayoko Kabaya, Kenichi Sekiya, Futoshi Matsuda, Yoshimasa Sekiya, Shinichi Esaki, Yuji Sato, Akira Inagaki, Shingo Murakami
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is an auditory sensation that can cause discomfort or even pain. Because patients with tinnitus frequently have psychological problems, self-reporting of the severity of tinnitus is unreliable. We developed a new grading system and practical protocol for the systematic treatment of tinnitus that accounts for its severity, patients' psychological problems, and the frequency of catastrophic episodes. The aim of this study is to employ and validate the new system in patients with tinnitus...
November 27, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174427/the-serum-leptin-level-in-non-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
Ahmet Erim Pamuk, Ahmet Emre Süslü, Ahmet Yalçınkaya, Yeşim Er Öztaş, Gözde Pamuk, Serdar Özer, Metin Önerci
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the association between the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the serum leptin level in non-obese OSA patients. METHODS: This prospective case-control study included non-obese OSA patients that presented with sleep-related disturbances and underwent polysomnography (PSG) between April 2015 and June 2016. The serum leptin level was measured and its relationship to PSG parameters was investigated. RESULTS: The study included 73 OSA patients (20 female and 53 male) with a mean age of 41...
November 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157625/pediatric-type-1-cartilage-tympanoplasty-outcomes-a-comparison-of-short-and-long-term-hearing-results
#8
Isa Kaya, Murat Benzer, Sercan Gode, Furkan Sahin, Cem Bilgen, Tayfun Kirazli
OBJECTIVE: Tympanoplasty is a commonly used procedure in children as in adults. The purposes of this study were to evaluate and report the long term results of type 1 cartilage tympanoplasty in pediatric population. Short term and long term hearing outcomes were compared according to age and perforation location. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a total of 76 of 93 patients who had regularly come to visits (38 male and 38 female) with chronic otitis media (COM) and who were younger than 16 years (range, 9-16 years) and underwent a primary type 1 tympanoplasty in tertiary medical center...
November 17, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157624/language-specific-strategy-for-programming-hearing-aids-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-crossover-study
#9
Nozomu Matsumoto, Nobuyoshi Suzuki, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kazuha Ishikawa, Hiroki Tsukiji, Yoshie Higashino, Tomoko Tabuki, Takashi Nakagawa
OBJECTIVE: Voice-aligned compression (VAC) is a method used in Oticon's hearing aids to provide more comfortable hearing without sacrificing speech discrimination. The complex, non-linear compression curve for the VAC strategy is designed based on the frequency profile of certain spoken Western languages. We hypothesized that hearing aids could be further customized for Japanese-speaking users by modifying the compression curve using the frequency profile of spoken Japanese. METHODS: A double-blind randomized controlled crossover study was performed to determine whether or not Oticon's modified amplification strategy (VAC-J) provides subjectively preferable hearing aids for Japanese-speaking hearing aid users compared to the same company's original amplification strategy (VAC)...
November 17, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153261/improving-surgical-results-in-complex-nerve-anatomy-during-implantation-of-selective-upper-airway-stimulation
#10
Zhaojun Zhu, Benedikt Hofauer, Clemens Heiser
The following report presents a case of two late embedded hypoglossus branches during implantation of an upper airway stimulation device that caused a mixed activation of the tongue when included in the stimulation cuff. In the end, correct cuff placement could be achieved by careful examination of the hypoglossal nerve anatomy, precise nerve dissection, tongue motion analysis and intraoperative nerve monitoring.
November 15, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153260/diagnostic-criteria-for-patulous-eustachian-tube-a-proposal-by-the-japan-otological-society
#11
Toshimitsu Kobayashi, Masahiro Morita, Satoshi Yoshioka, Kunihiro Mizuta, Shigeto Ohta, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Tatsuya Hayashi, Akihiro Kaneko, Nobumasa Yamaguchi, Sho Hashimoto, Hiromi Kojima, Shingo Murakami, Haruo Takahashi
Patulous Eustachian Tube (PET) is of increasing importance in otology. However, despite the abundance of diseases requiring a differential diagnosis from PET, such as superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome, perilymphatic fistula, acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss, etc., there are currently no established diagnostic criteria for PET. In view of these circumstances, the Japan Otological Society (JOS) Eustachian Tube Committee proposed the diagnostic criteria for Patulous Eustachian Tube in 2012, in order to promote clinical research on PET...
November 15, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153259/reduction-of-olfactory-sensitivity-during-normobaric-hypoxia
#12
Tilman Huppertz, Jessica Freiherr, Bernhard Olzowy, Ulrich Kisser, Jutta Stephan, Gunther Fesl, Kathrin Haegler, Berend Feddersen, Rainald Fischer, Klaus Mees, Sven Becker
OBJECTIVE: Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is caused by a low partial pressure of oxygen and may occur above 2500m. The aim of this research was to evaluate olfactory and gustatory abilities of healthy subjects during baseline conditions and after seven hours of normobaric hypoxia. METHODS: Sixteen healthy subjects were assessed using the Sniffin' Sticks, as well as intensity and pleasantness ratings. Gustatory function was evaluated utilizing the Taste Strips. Experiments were carried out under baseline conditions (518m altitude) followed by a second testing session after seven hours of normobaric hypoxia exposure (comparable to 4000m altitude)...
November 15, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150349/frontal-sinus-revision-rate-after-nasal-polyposis-surgery-including-frontal-recess-clearance-and-middle-turbinectomy-a-long-term-analysis
#13
Hakim Benkhatar, Idir Khettab, Philippe Sultanik, Ollivier Laccourreye, Pierre Bonfils
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frontal sinus revision rate after nasal polyposis (NP) surgery including frontal recess clearance (FRC) and middle turbinectomy (MT), to search for predictive factors and to analyse surgical management. METHODS: Longitudinal analysis of 153 patients who consecutively underwent bilateral sphenoethmoidectomy with FRC and MT for NP with a minimum follow-up of 7 years. Decision of revision surgery was made in case of medically refractory chronic frontal sinusitis or frontal mucocele...
November 14, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150348/de-novo-head-and-neck-cancer-arising-in-solid-organ-transplantation-recipients-the-asan-medical-center-experience
#14
Marn Joon Park, Jong-Lyel Roh, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim, Yoon Se Lee
OBJECTIVE: De novo cancers of head and neck area in solid organ transplantation recipients show standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of 3.8. Immunosuppression following transplantation is suggested to play as a crucial factor in pathogenesis of secondary malignancy. Prognosis of head and neck cancer arising in solid organ transplantation recipients is proven to have poor prognosis. The incidence, risk, prognosis, and survival of de novo malignancy of head and neck area in solid organ transplantation recipients in single-tertiary medical center followed up for 20 years...
November 14, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146179/soft-palate-reconstruction-after-radionecrosis-combined-anterolateral-thigh-adipofascial-and-nasoseptal-flaps
#15
Joseph Zenga, Jeffrey D Sharon, Jennifer Gross, Jay Gantz, Patrik Pipkorn
Although radiation-based treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer may achieve excellent long term oncologic results, late effects of therapy may lead to soft tissue radionecrosis and velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). Repair of these oro- and nasopharyngeal defects presents a complex reconstructive challenge. We present a case of a long-term survivor treated with chemoradiotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer who developed progressive dysphagia, velopharyngeal insufficiency, and radionecrosis of the nasopharynx and soft palate, leading to tracheostomy and gastrostomy tube dependence...
November 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122427/transcanal-endoscopic-ear-surgery-for-perilymphatic-fistula-after-electric-acoustic-stimulation
#16
Ryotaro Omichi, Shin Kariya, Yukihide Maeda, Kazunori Nishizaki
Transcanal endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) will become a very useful therapeutic option. A perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is defined as sudden sensorineural hearing loss and/or vertigo caused by leakage of the perilymph through a fistula from the oval window and/or round window. We report a case of PLF after electric acoustic stimulation (EAS), a kind of cochlear implant, successfully treated by TEES. A 38-year-old man presented to our hospital with vertigo and hearing loss (HL). His vertigo was induced by Valsalva maneuvers...
November 6, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102419/influence-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-acute-otitis-media-in-japan
#17
Atsushi Sasaki, Masaru Kunimoto, Sachio Takeno, Takahiro Sumiya, Takashi Ishino, Hirotoshi Sugino, Katsuhiro Hirakawa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated: (i) changes in the incidence of acute otitis media (AOM) following introduction of public funding for free inoculation with 7- and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV7 and PCV13, respectively) and (ii) changes in the rate of myringotomies for AOM (MyfA) in children 1year following the publication of the first edition of the clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of AOM in children in Japan. METHODS: PCV7 was launched on the Japanese market in 2010 and gained public funding in 2011...
November 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100751/factors-affecting-the-effect-of-physical-rehabilitation-therapy-for-synkinesis-as-a-sequela-to-facial-nerve-palsy
#18
Keishi Fujiwara, Yasushi Furuta, Naoko Yamamoto, Kanako Katoh, Satoshi Fukuda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors affecting the effect of physical rehabilitation therapy for synkinesis as a sequela to facial nerve palsy. METHODS: A total of 37 patients with peripheral facial nerve palsy in Teine-Keijinkai Hospital were enrolled in this study. All patients showed synkinesis at 6 months after the onset of facial nerve palsy and were instructed in physical rehabilitation by expert staff from their first visit. The degree of synkinesis was evaluated at 6, 9 and 12 months after the onset of facial nerve palsy based on Sunnybrook facial grading system score and asymmetry in eye opening width...
October 31, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100750/oncocytic-carcinoma-of-the-salivary-glands-a-danish-national-study
#19
Marie Westergaard-Nielsen, Christian Godballe, Lisbeth Juhler Andersen, Hanne Primdahl, Claus A Kristensen, Elo Andersen, Kristine Bjørndal
OBJECTIVES: To present a Danish national series of oncocytic carcinoma (OC) patients, including data on treatment, recurrence and survival. METHODS: From the national Danish database of salivary gland carcinomas, all patients diagnosed with OC from 1990 to 2005 were identified and data concerning demographics, tumor site, clinical stage and treatment profiles were extracted. A follow-up was carried out. RESULTS: Of the 15 cases of salivary gland OC, eight were female...
October 31, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097046/detection-of-voice-changes-due-to-aspiration-via-acoustic-voice-analysis
#20
Young Ae Kang, Jaeock Kim, Sung Ju Jee, Cheol Woo Jo, Bon Seok Koo
OBJECTIVE: Aspiration can occur during swallowing. The present study investigated the feasibility of identifying aspiration risk (AR) via acoustic voice parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 165 patients scheduled for a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) were included. The patients were divided into two groups (AR and non-AR) based on their VFSS results. The AR group, which had ingested materials on or below the vocal folds, included 59 patients (42 males and 17 females)...
October 30, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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