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Auris, Nasus, Larynx

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988846/facial-nerve-neuroma-in-the-geniculate-ganglion-extending-into-the-internal-auditory-canal-a-case-report
#1
Mohamed Aboshanif, Eigo Omi, Shinsuke Suzuki, Teruyuki Sato, Koh Koizumi, Kazuo Ishikawa, Masataka Takahashi
Facial nerve schwannoma is a very rare benign tumor representing less than 1% of intrapetrous lesions. Our patient is a forty-one year old female who has suffered from recurrent right facial palsy for the last six years. She was first misdiagnosed as having Bell's palsy and received corticosteroids which resulted in little improvement. She then had facial nerve decompression surgery which resulted in a partial improvement. Since then, she has suffered from recurrent attacks of facial palsy. Two years ago, she came to our hospital seeking further treatment options...
October 5, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966005/electroneurography-in-the-acute-stage-of-facial-palsy-as-a-predictive-factor-for-the-development-of-facial-synkinesis-sequela
#2
Takahiro Azuma, Katsuhiko Nakamura, Mika Takahashi, Hitomi Miyoshi, Naoki Toda, Hidetaka Iwasaki, Noriaki Takeda
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether the value of ENoG is a predictive factor for the development of facial synkinesis in patients with facial palsy. METHODS: The degree of oral-ocular synkinesis was evaluated quantitatively by an asymmetry of the interpalpebral space width during the mouth movement (% eye opening). Twenty healthy volunteers without a history of facial palsy (12 men and 8 women; 25-65 years old; mean age: 42.3±9.7years) were included in the study to examine the normal range of % eye opening...
September 28, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966004/schwannoma-of-external-auditory-canal
#3
Dong Hoon Lee, Kyung Hwa Lee, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
Schwannomas of the external auditory canal are extremely rare and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Herein, we report a case of schwannoma of the external ear canal in a 41-year male. Clinicians should consider the possibility that the schwannoma may originate in the external auditory canal mimicking other more frequently observed lesions.
September 28, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964567/comparison-of-snoring-sounds-between-natural-and-drug-induced-sleep-recorded-using-a-smartphone
#4
Soo Kweon Koo, Soon Bok Kwon, Ji Seung Moon, Sang Hoon Lee, Ho Byung Lee, Sang Jun Lee
OBJECTIVES: Snoring is an important clinical feature of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and recent studies suggest that the acoustic quality of snoring sounds is markedly different in drug-induced sleep compared with natural sleep. However, considering differences in sound recording methods and analysis parameters, further studies are required. This study explored whether acoustic analysis of drug-induced sleep is useful as a screening test that reflects the characteristics of natural sleep in snoring patients...
September 27, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951046/endoscopic-enucleation-of-large-jaw-cysts-promising-outcomes
#5
Mohamed Abdelwahab, Ahmed Musaad Abd Elfattah, Yasser W Khafagy, Ahmed El-Degwi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the endoscopic approach for management of large jaw cysts and assess the feasibility of endoscopic enucleation as well as analyze its outcome on a wide scale at Mansoura University Hospital MUH. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was done on 23 consecutive cases presenting with different types of large jaw cysts in the period from January 2013 to July 2016 at ENT Department, Mansoura University Hospital. All patients, (16 maxillary & 7 mandibular) cysts, were managed endoscopically...
September 23, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947096/3d-constructive-interference-into-steady-state-3d-ciss-labyrinth-signal-alteration-in-patients-with-vestibular-schwannoma
#6
Franca Wagner, Evelyn Herrmann, Roland Wiest, Andreas Raabe, Corrado Bernasconi, Marco Caversaccio, Dominique Vibert
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate signal intensity of the inner ear using 3D-CISS imaging and correlated signal characteristics in patients with vestibular schwannoma to neuro-otological symptoms. METHODS: Sixty patients with unilateral vestibular schwannoma were retrospectively reviewed. All patients had had initial and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Individual treatment strategies consisted of "wait-and-watch", surgical tumour resection, stereotactic radiosurgery or both surgery and stereotactic radiosurgery...
September 22, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947095/high-dose-corticosteroids-improve-the-prognosis-of-bell-s-palsy-compared-with-low-dose-corticosteroids-a-propensity-score-analysis
#7
Takashi Fujiwara, Yasuharu Haku, Takuya Miyazaki, Atsuhiro Yoshida, Shin-Ich Sato, Hisanobu Tamaki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of high-dose corticosteroid (120mg prednisolone equivalent daily) in Bell's palsy compared with low-dose corticosteroid (60mg PSL equivalent). METHODS: A single-center retrospective observational study was performed. We included adult Bell's palsy patients who were treated within 7days after disease onset. We compared high- and low-dose corticosteroid for the non-recovery rate at 6 months after disease onset using inverse probability-weighted propensity score analysis (IPW-PS)...
September 22, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947094/extraskeletal-osteosarcoma-in-the-parotid-gland-a-case-report
#8
Takao Hamamoto, Takashi Kono, Hiromi Furuie, Tsutomu Ueda, Sachio Takeno, Katsuhiro Hirakawa, Koji Arihiro
Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a very rare tumor and accounts for 4-5% of all osteosarcomas. We describe a 47-year-old Japanese man who presented with a right parotid tumor. The patient underwent total resection with postoperative radiotherapy; however, the tumor recurred in the lung, whereupon he underwent chemotherapy and partial lung resection. After surgery, a hemorrhagic brain metastasis appeared; this tumor was extirpated to prevent bleeding into the brain, after which additional chemotherapy was administered...
September 22, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943053/our-experience-with-500-patients-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-reexploring-aetiology-and-reevaluating-mri-investigation
#9
Fei Tan, Constantin Bartels, Rory McConn Walsh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the aetiology of and to evaluate the importance of MRI investigation on the posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in an Irish population. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of 500 patients with posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, diagnosed and treated by the senior author over a 10-year period. Most patients underwent an MRI brain and inner ear, following the same scan protocol...
September 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943052/management-of-tinnitus-in-children-review-of-literature-and-effect-of-counseling
#10
REVIEW
Doh Young Lee, Ji Young Lee, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus in children has not been studied sufficiently to date. And, there is no consensus regarding the management of tinnitus in children. Tinnitus counseling can be considered as the most basic tool among therapeutic options of tinnitus in children. In this article, the importance of management in children with tinnitus is highlighted through the review of the literature. Also, we present survey results regarding usefulness and necessity of tinnitus counseling provided from parents of children with tinnitus...
September 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943051/a-case-of-adult-congenital-laryngeal-cleft-asymptomatic-until-hypopharynx-cancer-treatment
#11
Kotaro Shimizu, Atsuhiko Uno, Kazuya Takemura, Naoki Ashida, Ryohei Oya, Takahiro Kitamura, Yukinori Takenaka, Yoshifumi Yamamoto
Laryngeal cleft is an anomaly of failed posterior closure of the larynx. Most cases are diagnosed and need treatment early in life due to respiratory and swallowing problems. We report an unusual case of a 66-year-old man with an asymptomatic laryngeal cleft until treatment for hypopharyngeal cancer. During concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), despite reduced tumor volume, he presented severe dysphagia and dyspnea, followed by severe pneumonia twice. Because CCRT had to be discontinued, a pharyngolaryngectomy was performed for the cancer treatment...
September 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942101/lamina-papyracea-position-in-patients-with-nasal-polypi-a-computed-tomography-analysis
#12
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Alaa Omar Khazbak, Diaa Bakry Eldib, Hesham Youssef Algazzar
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the positions of the lamina papyracea (LP) in patients who had nasal polypi, by computed tomography (CT) analysis. METHODS: Paranasal CT scans of patients diagnosed to have nasal polypi were included in the study. CT images were acquired with multiplanar reformates to obtain delicate details in coronal planes for all subjects. Positions of the LP were registered then analyzed in relation to nasal polypi grading. RESULTS: Forty seven subjects (94 nasal sides) were included in the current study...
September 20, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942100/doppler-ultrasonography-can-be-useful-to-determine-the-etiology-of-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#13
Ahmet Mutlu, Isa Cam, Sinem Dasli, Murat Topdag
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate clinical features of both carotid and vertebral arteries in the idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) patients and healthy individuals to contribute additional knowledge on vascular compromise theory. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective case control study in a tertiary referral center. 55 patients for ISSNHL and 35 healthy participants (70 ears) are involved to the study. All of the patients were evaluated for the systemic disorders and excluded other possible causes (autoimmune diseases, acoustic schwannoma, drug toxicity, etc) of ISSNHL...
September 20, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939216/a-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-panel-reveals-novel-mutations-in-japanese-patients-with-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia
#14
Kazuhiko Takeuchi, Masako Kitano, Hiroko Kiyotoshi, Koji Ikegami, Satoru Ogawa, Makoto Ikejiri, Mizuho Nagao, Takao Fujisawa, Kaname Nakatani
OBJECTIVE: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare genetic disorder caused by functional impairment of cilia throughout the body. The early diagnosis of PCD is important for the prevention of long-term sequelae; however, this is often challenging because of the phenotypic heterogeneity of PCD and difficulty in genetic analysis. The majority of PCD patients in Japan are not diagnosed properly. To diagnose PCD more accurately, we developed a targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel...
September 19, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935124/treatment-outcomes-of-sialendoscopy-for-submandibular-gland-sialolithiasis-the-minor-axis-of-the-sialolith-is-a-regulative-factor-for-the-removal-of-sialoliths-in-the-hilum-of-the-submandibular-gland-using-sialendoscopy-alone
#15
Norio Kondo, Toshio Yoshihara, Yukie Yamamura, Kaoru Kusama, Eri Sakitani, Yukako Seo, Mayako Tachikawa, Keiko Kujirai, Erika Ono, Yasuyo Maeda, Tomohito Nojima, Akiko Tamiya, Emiri Sato, Manabu Nonaka
OBJECTIVE: To assess the general guidelines for the removal of sialoliths for submandibular gland sialolithiasis using sialendoscopy alone. METHODS: We analyzed 61 sialoliths treated using sialendoscopy in 42 patients with submandibular gland sialolithiasis. We evaluated the submandibular gland sialoliths and divided each case based upon the location: the Wharton's duct or the hilum. We measured the major and minor axes of the sialoliths using a soft tissue computed-tomography (CT) scan and evaluated the removal rate of the sialoliths using sialendoscopy alone...
September 18, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927847/tonsillectomy-in-adults-analysis-of-indications-and-complications
#16
Blanca Pilar Galindo Torres, Félix De Miguel García, Jaime Whyte Orozco
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillectomy is one of the surgical techniques most practiced by otolaryngologists, and despite being a relatively simple technique; it presents a considerable percentage of complications, such as postoperative bleeding. The aim of this study is to describe the surgical indications and most frequent complications, analyze whether surgical suture of the tonsillar pillars has an influence on bleeding, and study the data of hospital stay and its importance for the control of complications...
September 16, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890114/natural-course-of-tonsillectomy-pain-a-prospective-patient-cohort-study
#17
Min-Su Kim, Hyo Geun Choi, Eun-Kyu Park, So Young Kim, Jin-Hwan Kim, Bumjung Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the natural course of pain after tonsillectomy. METHODS: This study included 119 patients that underwent tonsillectomy between November 2013 and November 2015. After undergoing tonsillectomy, patients scored their pain using the visual analogue scale three times daily (morning, midday, and evening) for 2 weeks. A linear mixed model was used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Increasing postoperative days was negatively associated with pain following tonsillectomy surgery (estimated value [EV] of visual analogue score [VAS]/day=-0...
September 7, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890113/relationship-between-swallowing-function-and-breathing-phonation
#18
Satoshi Yamaguchi, Mariko Ishida, Kanako Hidaka, Shinya Gomi, Sachiyo Takayama, Kazuki Sato, Yuma Yoshioka, Nozomu Wakayama, Kuwon Sekine, Shoji Matsune, Toshiaki Otsuka, Kimihiro Okubo
OBJECTIVE: Clarification of the association between the swallowing function and respiratory and phonatory functions. METHODS: The subjects were 30 patients with a chief complaint of swallowing disorder with clear consciousness capable of retaining a sitting position. Patients with organic and functional diseases of the larynx were excluded. Twenty-two and eight patients were male and female, respectively, and the mean age was 77.0±14.6years old. The chest expansion score was measured as an index of the respiratory function, and the maximum phonation time (MPT) was measured as an index of the phonatory function...
September 7, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888426/sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-characteristics-and-age-related-prognosis
#19
Jin Youp Kim, Jae Joon Han, Woong Sang Sunwoo, Ja-Won Koo, Seung-Ha Oh, Min-Hyun Park, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although many studies have investigated sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in adults, there were few studies on SSNHL in the pediatric population; especially research on treatment and prognosis of pediatric SSNHL was limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in children and adolescents with SSNHL. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of 67 pediatric patients (67 ears) who had diagnosed with SSNHL at our hospitals was performed to analyze patients' clinical manifestations and audiograms...
September 6, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882408/dental-and-oropharyngeal-lesions-in-rats-with-chronic-acid-reflux-esophagitis
#20
Rintaro Shimazu, Mihoko Yamamoto, Akimichi Minesaki, Yuichiro Kuratomi
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated pathological changes in the tooth and pharynx of GERD rats to elucidate the association between gastric acid reflux and oral and pharyngeal diseases. METHODS: An experimental rat model of chronic acid reflux esophagitis was surgically created. The oral cavities were observed histologically every 2 weeks until 20 weeks after surgery. RESULTS: At 10 weeks after surgery, molar crown heights in GERD rats were shorter than that in control rats, and inflammatory cell infiltration by gastric acid reflux was found in the periodontal mucosa of GERD rats...
September 4, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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