journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychiatric Clinics of North America

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836163/the-study-of-violence-an-act-of-species-consciousness
#1
EDITORIAL
James L Knoll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836162/gender-considerations-in-violence
#2
REVIEW
Renee Sorrentino, Susan Hatters Friedman, Ryan Hall
The role of gender in violence is poorly understood. Research has shown that gender has an important and, at times, distinct role in the prediction of violence. However, this gender disparity diminishes in the setting of mental illness. The risk assessment of violence in women is largely based on research in violent men. There are distinct characteristics in female violence compared with male violence. Attention to these characteristics may lead to the development of gender-dependent tools that can be used to evaluate violence risk...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836161/violence-by-parents-against-their-children-reporting-of-maltreatment-suspicions-child-protection-and-risk-in-mental-illness
#3
REVIEW
Miranda McEwan, Susan Hatters Friedman
Psychiatrists are mandated to report suspicions of child abuse in America. Potential for harm to children should be considered when one is treating parents who are at risk. Although it is the commonly held wisdom that mental illness itself is a major risk factor for child abuse, there are methodologic issues with studies purporting to demonstrate this. Rather, the risk from an individual parent must be considered. Substance abuse and personality disorder pose a separate risk than serious mental illness. Violence risk from mental illness is dynamic, rather than static...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836160/sex-offender-risk-assessment-and-management
#4
REVIEW
Brad D Booth, Drew A Kingston
Sexual violence is common and can have profound effects on victims compared with other forms of violence. This violence includes unwelcome and forced sexual contact on adults or children. Assessment of individuals who perpetrate sexual violence starts with a comprehensive biopsychosocial evaluation after a finding of guilt. Clinicians should then evaluate risk. Based on this assessment, a risk management plan should be developed, directed at the specific risk of the offender. Management options include external control (eg, incarceration, probation), psychotherapeutic interventions, pharmacologic interventions, and treatment of comorbidity...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836159/stalking-and-violence
#5
REVIEW
Britta Ostermeyer, Susan Hatters Friedman, Renee Sorrentino, Brad D Booth
The three widely known stalker classifications assist in categorizing stalkers, which allows for better management of violence risk. Although 80% of stalking is done by men, women also engage in stalking, and their violence risk should not be underestimated. Juvenile stalkers do exist and juvenile stalking is also associated with violence. Clinicians can become a victim of stalking and may become victims of stalking by proxy, a special type of stalking behavior where the stalker involves other people or agencies to communicate with or track their victim...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836158/the-clinical-threat-assessment-of-the-lone-actor-terrorist
#6
REVIEW
J Reid Meloy, Jacqueline Genzman
The Terrorist Radicalization Assessment Protocol (TRAP-18) is a structured professional judgment instrument for the assessment of individuals who present a concern for lone-actor terrorism. It consists of eight proximal warning behaviors and 10 distal characteristics. Previous research has demonstrated its interrater reliability and some concurrent and postdictive validity. In this article, TRAP-18 is retrospectively applied to the case of US Army psychiatrist and jihadist Malik Nidal Hasan, who committed a mass murder at Fort Hood, Texas in 2009...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836157/understanding-homicide-suicide
#7
REVIEW
James L Knoll
Homicide-suicide is the phenomenon in which an individual kills 1 or more people and commits suicide. Research on homicide-suicide has been hampered by a lack of an accepted classification scheme and reliance on media reports. Mass murder-suicide is gaining increasing attention particularly in the United States. This article reviews the research and literature on homicide-suicide, proposing a standard classification scheme. Preventive methods are discussed and sociocultural factors explored. For a more accurate and complete understanding of homicide-suicide, it is argued that future research should use the full psychological autopsy approach, to include collateral interviews...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836156/at-risk-for-violence-in-the-military
#8
REVIEW
Stephen N Xenakis
Understanding the occurrence and nature of violence in the military entails appreciating military culture, the sociology and demographics of its personnel, military training, combat experiences, and injuries and illnesses that veterans suffer. The military is grounded in the principles and practice of conducting violent operations, and the psychology of violence fundamentally anchors its professionalism. The occurrence of unwanted violence and tragic incidence of suicides, homicides, and abuse expose the challenges to containing the behavior outside of the combat and training theaters...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836155/mental-illness-and-firearms-legal-context-and-clinical-approaches
#9
REVIEW
Debra A Pinals, Lisa Anacker
Gun violence and mental illness is a major area of media attention, especially because highly publicized mass shootings seem to have become more commonly reported in the press. Gun access also is undergoing a highly politicized debate in the United States. It is important for mental health practitioners to understand the background and context of laws related to firearms access, and to understand data related to risk of suicide and violence toward others caused by gun violence among persons with mental illness...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836154/workplace-violence-practical-considerations-for-mental-health-professionals-in-consultation-assessment-and-management-of-risk
#10
REVIEW
Philip Saragoza, Stephen G White
Workplace predatory violence has been the focus of increased study over the past 30 years, leading to a more sophisticated understanding of the factors that contribute to it, and important considerations for its assessment and management. Risk assessment professionals involved in workplace violence consultations should be mindful of issues specific to the workplace context and the principles of threat assessment to provide a more precise opinion of risk, to inform and enhance critical decisions regarding the employment status of the individual of concern, security measures, possible treatment options, and other management responses, while being mindful of the employee's certain rights...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836153/neuroimaging-and-violence
#11
REVIEW
Delaney Smith, Riley Smith, Douglas Misquitta
Violence is a serious public health issue across the world. This article assists clinicians in understanding the most up-to-date literature regarding structural and functional brain theories related to risk of violence. In this article, we review anatomic regions of the brain that have been implicated in violence and associated personality constructs associated with violence. We discuss different imaging techniques that have been used to uncover abnormal brain volume, associations, and functions throughout the brain in samples with violence history or risk...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836152/inpatient-violence
#12
REVIEW
Kayla Fisher
Inpatient violence constitutes a major concern for staff, patients, and administrators. Violence can cause physical injury and psychological trauma. Although violence presents a challenge to inpatient clinicians, it should not be viewed as inevitable. By looking at history of violence, in addition to clinical and other historical factors, clinicians can identify which patients present the most risk of exhibiting violent behavior and whether the violence would most likely flow from psychosis, impulsivity, or predatory characteristics...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836151/violence-in-the-emergency-department
#13
REVIEW
Keith R Stowell, Nolan P Hughes, John S Rozel
Violence is common in the emergency department (ED). The ED setting has numerous environmental risk factors for violence, including poor staffing, lack of privacy, overcrowding, and ready availability of nonsecured equipment that can be used as weapons. Strategies can be taken to mitigate the risk of violence toward health care workers, including staff training, changes to the ED layout, appropriate use of security, and policy-level changes. Health care providers in the ED should be familiar with local case law and standards related to the duty to warn third parties when a violent threat is made by a patient...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836150/psychopharmacology-of-persistent-violence-and-aggression
#14
REVIEW
Jonathan M Meyer, Michael A Cummings, George Proctor, Stephen M Stahl
Persistent violence not due to acute psychosis or mania can be managed only after appropriate characterization of the aggressive episodes (psychotic, impulsive, or predatory/planned/instrumental). The type of violence combined with the psychiatric diagnosis dictates the evidence-based pharmacologic approaches for psychotically motivated and impulsive aggression, whereas instrumental violence mandates forensic/behavioral strategies. For nonacute inpatients, schizophrenia spectrum disorders, traumatic brain injury, and dementia comprise the majority of individuals who are persistently aggressive, with impulsive actions the most common form of violence across all diagnoses...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514304/the-neglected-side-of-suffering
#15
EDITORIAL
Rajnish Mago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514303/adverse-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Chittaranjan Andrade, Shyam Sundar Arumugham, Jagadisha Thirthalli
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment commonly used for depression and other major psychiatric disorders. We discuss potential adverse effects (AEs) associated with ECT and strategies for their prevention and management. Common acute AEs include headache, nausea, myalgia, and confusion; these are self-limiting and are managed symptomatically. Serious but uncommon AEs include cardiovascular, pulmonary, and cerebrovascular events; these may be minimized with screening for risk factors and by physiologic monitoring...
September 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514302/antidepressants-and-suicidality
#17
REVIEW
David A Brent
We review the evidence that antidepressants either increase or decrease the risk for suicidal ideation and behavior in adolescents. Meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) indicate a small increased risk for suicidal events in adolescents and young adults, but a protective effect in older adults. In contrast, pharmacoepidemiologic studies show a protective effect across the life span. Explanations for occurrence of suicidal events in younger patients and for the apparent contradiction between RCT and pharmacoepidemiologic studies are offered...
September 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514301/adverse-effects-of-psychotropic-medications-on-sleep
#18
REVIEW
Karl Doghramji, William C Jangro
Psychotropic medications such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, stimulants, and benzodiazepines are widely prescribed. Most of these medications are thought to exert their effects through modulation of various monoamines as well as interactions with receptors such as histamine and muscarinic cholinergic receptors. Through these interactions, psychotropics can also have a significant impact on sleep physiology, resulting in both beneficial and adverse effects on sleep.
September 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514300/adverse-effects-of-second-generation-antipsychotics-as-adjuncts-to-antidepressants-are-the-risks-worth-the-benefits
#19
REVIEW
Michael E Thase
Over the past decades, several adjunctive therapies have been introduced for treatment-resistant depression (TRD), and these strategies have ebbed and flowed in popularity. Currently, adjunctive therapy with the second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) is most commonly used by psychiatrists. Four SGAs are FDA approved for indications related to TRD (aripiprazole, brexpiprazole, olanzapine, and quetiapine extended release); some evidence also supports use of risperidone and ziprasidone as adjunctive therapies...
September 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514299/adverse-effects-in-the-pharmacologic-management-of-bipolar-disorder-during-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
Charlotte S Hogan, Marlene P Freeman
Management of bipolar disorder during pregnancy often involves medications with potential adverse effects, including risks to the mother and fetus. Although some specifics are known, many medications continue to have incompletely characterized reproductive safety profiles. Women with bipolar disorder who are planning pregnancy face challenging decisions about their treatment; careful risk-benefit discussions are necessary. With the goal of further informing these discussions, this article reviews the data currently available regarding medication safety in the management of bipolar disorder during pregnancy, with specific attention to lithium, valproic acid, lamotrigine, carbamazepine, and antipsychotic medications...
September 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
journal
journal
27162
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"