Read by QxMD icon Read

Prosthetics and Orthotics International

Matthijs H Spaan, Aline H Vrieling, Pim van de Berg, Pieter U Dijkstra, Helco G van Keeken
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. BACKGROUND: Persons with a lower limb amputation can regain mobility using a prosthetic device. For fast and adequate prescription of prosthetic components, it is necessary to predict the mobility outcome early in rehabilitation. Currently, prosthetic prescription is primarily based on empirical knowledge of rehabilitation professionals. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we explored motor ability tests, to be completed without a prosthetic device, which have predictive value for mobility outcome at the end of rehabilitation...
October 20, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Mokhtar Arazpour, Mohaddeseh Soflaei, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Seyed Pezhman Madani, Mahsa Sattari, Akbar Biglarian, Zahra Mosallanezhad
BACKGROUND: When the first carpometacarpal joint of the wrist is immobilized using an orthosis to combat the effects of osteoarthritis, atrophy of the thenar muscles may occur. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the thenar muscle diameter and cross-sectional area, joint function, and pain, before and after being supplied with an orthosis in patients with grades 1 and 2 carpometacarpal osteoarthritis compared to a control group. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial...
September 19, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Stefan Salminger, Andreas Gradischar, Richard Skiera, Aidan D Roche, Agnes Sturma, Christian Hofer, Oskar C Aszmann
BACKGROUND: The stump-socket interface is of utmost importance for prosthetic function in transhumeral amputees. Stability of this connection may be improved using a newly designed subcutaneous implant. OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to determine the effect of the implant together with customized socket designs on the range of motion of the shoulder and the prosthetic function compared to conventional fitting. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: The range of motion was measured with scaled metrics and the prosthetic function evaluated with the Southampton Hand Assessment Procedure and the Box and Block Test...
September 16, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Brian J Hafner, Susan E Spaulding, Rana Salem, Sara J Morgan, Ignacio Gaunaurd, Robert Gailey
BACKGROUND: Continuing education is intended to facilitate clinicians' skills and knowledge in areas of practice, such as administration and interpretation of outcome measures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term effect of continuing education on prosthetists' confidence in administering outcome measures and their perceptions of outcomes measurement in clinical practice. DESIGN: Pretest-posttest survey methods. METHODS: A total of 66 prosthetists were surveyed before, immediately after, and 2 years after outcomes measurement education and training...
September 16, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Gözde Gür, Cigdem Ayhan, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Core stabilization training is used to improve postural balance in musculoskeletal problems. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of stabilization training in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, pretest-posttest design. METHODS: In total, 25 subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were randomly divided into two groups: stabilization group (n = 12) and control group (n = 13)...
September 13, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Jesse James Johnston, Lynda Spelman
BACKGROUND: Granuloma annulare is a benign, inflammatory skin disorder with no distinct aetiology or widely accepted pathogenic process. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: We report a case of a 71-year old female with a 4-year history of an erythematous annulopapular lesion to the lateral aspect of her right forearm from a pressure pleat ridge in a high-density polyethylene plastic elbow orthosis to immobilise a prior radial head fracture. Morphological and histopathological assessment was consistent for granuloma annulare...
September 9, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Hwan Choi, Tishya Anne Leong Wren, Katherine Muterspaugh Steele
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with cerebral palsy wear ankle foot orthoses during daily life. Orthoses influence joint motion, but how they impact muscle remains unclear. In particular, the gastrocnemius is commonly stiff in cerebral palsy. Understanding whether orthoses stretch or shorten this muscle during daily life may inform orthosis design and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the impact of different ankle foot orthoses on gastrocnemius operating length during walking in children with cerebral palsy...
September 9, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Brian J Hafner, John C Cagle, Katheryn J Allyn, Joan E Sanders
BACKGROUND: A diverse range of elastomeric liner products are available to people with transtibial amputation. However, little information is available about how prosthetists select the product best suited to each patient. OBJECTIVES: To determine how prosthetists obtain information about liners, which features are most relevant to the selection process, and which products are used most for patients with transtibial amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
September 9, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Amaia Hernandez, Edward Lemaire
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Prosthetic CAD/CAM systems require accurate 3D limb models; however, difficulties arise when working from the person's socket since current 3D scanners have difficulties scanning socket interiors. While dedicated scanners exist, they are expensive and the cost may be prohibitive for a limited number of scans per year. A low-cost and accessible photogrammetry method for socket interior digitization is proposed, using a smartphone camera and cloud-based photogrammetry services...
September 9, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Pedro Henrique Tq de Almeida, Joy MacDermid, Tatiana Barcelos Pontes, Clarissa Cardoso Dos Santos-Couto-Paz, João Paulo Chieregato Matheus
BACKGROUND: Orthoses are a well-known intervention for the treatment of thumb osteoarthritis; however, there is a multitude of orthotic designs and not enough evidence to support the efficacy of specific models. OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of different orthoses on pain, hand strength, and hand function of patients with thumb osteoarthritis. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: A scoping literature review of 14 publications reporting orthotic interventions for patients with thumb osteoarthritis was conducted...
September 9, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Michael Payne, Shannon Janzen, Eric Earl, Barry Deathe, Ricardo Viana
BACKGROUND: Capturing the variability that exists among patients attending an amputee clinic using standardized paper-based questionnaires is time-consuming and may not be practical for routine clinical use. Electronic questionnaires are a potential solution; however, the benefits are dependent on the feasibility and acceptance of this mode of data collection among patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and patient preference/comfort in using a tablet-based questionnaire for data collection in an outpatient amputee rehabilitation clinic compared to a traditional paper-based questionnaire...
September 8, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Yoann Dessery, Étienne Belzile, Sylvie Turmel, Philippe Corbeil
BACKGROUND: There is contradictory evidence regarding whether the addition of medial arch supports to laterally wedged insoles reduces knee adduction moment, improves comfort, and reduces knee pain during the late stance phase of gait. OBJECTIVES: To verify if such effects occur in participants with medial knee osteoarthritis. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized single-blinded study. METHODS: Gait analysis was performed on 18 patients affected by medial knee osteoarthritis...
August 23, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
C Beatriz Samitier, Lluis Guirao, Maria Costea, Josep M Camós, Eulogio Pleguezuelos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Stefania Fatone, Matthew Major, Ryan Caldwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Lara Grobler, Suzanne Ferreira, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Elmarie E Terblanche
BACKGROUND: The need for information regarding running-specific prosthetic properties has previously been voiced. Such information is necessary to assist in athletes' prostheses selection. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the characteristics of two commercially available running-specific prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: The running-specific prostheses were tested (in an experimental setup) without the external interference of athlete performance variations...
August 1, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Bryce Dyer
BACKGROUND: Cycling with any form of limb amputation has progressed from an activity of leisure or rehabilitation to elite level competition as part of the Paralympic Games programme. OBJECTIVE: While it is often proposed that research into sport with an amputation can be extremely limited, this study intended to identify the volume, type and historical strategy in this area. STUDY DESIGN: This study comprises a documented systematic literature review of cycling undertaken with any form of limb amputation...
October 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Benjamin J Darter, Kirill Sinitski, Jason M Wilken
BACKGROUND: Elevated vacuum suspension systems use a pump to draw air from the socket with the intent of reducing bone-socket motion as compared to passive suction systems. However, it remains unknown if elevated vacuum suspension systems decrease limb displacement uniformly during transitions from unloaded to full-body-weight support. OBJECTIVES: To compare limb-socket motion between elevated vacuum and passive suction suspension sockets using a controlled loading paradigm...
October 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Ann L Edwards, Michael R Dawson, Jacqueline S Hebert, Craig Sherstan, Richard S Sutton, K Ming Chan, Patrick M Pilarski
BACKGROUND: Myoelectric prostheses currently used by amputees can be difficult to control. Machine learning, and in particular learned predictions about user intent, could help to reduce the time and cognitive load required by amputees while operating their prosthetic device. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to compare two switching-based methods of controlling a myoelectric arm: non-adaptive (or conventional) control and adaptive control (involving real-time prediction learning)...
October 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Aliyeh Daryabor, Hassan Saeedi, Mohammad Sadegh Ghasemi, Meria Yazdani, Mohammad Kamali, Hoda Nabavi, Sarah Curran, Naser Amini
BACKGROUND: One of the treatments prescribed for musculoskeletal patients is orthopedic shoe. The use of an orthopedic shoe is thought to produce a more typical ground reactive force pattern. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the influence of three heel designs of an orthopedic shoe on the ground reaction forces during walking in healthy subjects. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental. METHOD: In total, 30 healthy adults (12 males, 18 females) walked at a self-selected pace for six trials in each of the three shoe conditions having three different heels which included the following: standard heel, beveled heel, and positive posterior heel flare...
October 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Rajiv Kumar Singh, Guru Prasad
BACKGROUND: Mortality after amputation is known to be extremely high and is associated with a number of patient features. We wished to calculate this mortality after first-time lower-limb amputation and investigate whether any population or treatment factors are associated with worse mortality. OBJECTIVE: To follow up individuals after lower limb amputation and ascertain the mortality rate as well as population or treatment features associated with mortality. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study...
October 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"