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Prosthetics and Orthotics International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091278/brief-activity-performance-measure-for-upper-limb-amputees-bam-ula
#1
Linda Resnik, Matthew Borgia, Frantzy Acluche
BACKGROUND: Measures of activity performance for adults with upper limb amputation are needed. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the measurement properties of a new measure of activity performance for adults with upper limb amputation, which we call the Brief Activity Measure for Upper Limb Amputees (BAM-ULA) and to compare BAM-ULA scores for users of different types of prostheses. METHODS: In all, 35 persons with upper limb amputation were administered the BAM-ULA, twice within 1 week...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067123/the-effect-of-a-supervised-community-based-exercise-program-on-balance-balance-confidence-and-gait-in-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputation
#2
Carol A Miller, Jennifer E Williams, Katey L Durham, Selena C Hom, Julie L Smith
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with lower limb loss report concern with walking ability after completing structured traditional rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of a supervised community-based exercise program on balance, balance confidence, and gait in individuals with lower limb amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures. METHODS: The supervised exercise program was offered biweekly for 6 weeks...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067120/standing-balance-in-people-with-trans-tibial-amputation-due-to-vascular-causes-a-literature-review
#3
Mayank Seth, Eric Lamberg
BACKGROUND: Balance is an important variable to consider during the rehabilitation process of individuals with trans-tibial amputation. Limited evidence exists on the balance abilities of people with trans-tibial amputation due to vascular causes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review literature and determine if standing balance is diminished in people with trans-tibial amputation due to vascular causes. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940898/the-effect-of-damping-in-prosthetic-ankle-and-knee-joints-on-the-biomechanical-outcomes-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Zahra Safaeepour, Arezoo Eshraghi, Mark Geil
BACKGROUND: Given the growing number of variable-damping prosthetic knee and ankle components and broad number of potential biomechanical outcomes, a systematic review is needed to assess advantages of damped knee and ankle units over non-damped prostheses. OBJECTIVES: This study provides an overview of the biomechanical outcomes associated with the use of prosthetic knees and ankles with damping mechanisms in individuals with lower limb amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review...
December 9, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008788/instantaneous-stiffness-and-hysteresis-of-dynamic-elastic-response-prosthetic-feet
#5
Christina M Webber, Kenton Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Dynamic elastic response prosthetic feet are designed to mimic the functional characteristics of the native foot/ankle joint. Numerous designs of dynamic elastic response feet exist which make the prescription process difficult, especially because of the lack of empirical evidence describing the objective performance characteristics of the feet. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the mechanical properties of available dynamic elastic response prosthetic feet, specifically the stiffness and hysteresis...
December 1, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913784/the-effectiveness-of-the-bone-bridge-transtibial-amputation-technique-a-systematic-review-of-high-quality-evidence
#6
Jason T Kahle, M Jason Highsmith, John Kenney, Tim Ruth, Paul A Lunseth, Janos Ertl
BACKGROUND: This literature review was undertaken to determine if commonly held views about the benefits of a bone bridge technique are supported by the literature. METHODS: Four databases were searched for articles pertaining to surgical strategies specific to a bone bridge technique of the transtibial amputee. A total of 35 articles were identified as potential articles. Authors included methodology that was applied to separate topics. Following identification, articles were excluded if they were determined to be low quality evidence or not pertinent...
December 1, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913783/three-dimensional-printed-prosthesis-demonstrates-functional-improvement-in-a-patient-with-an-amputated-thumb-a-technical-note
#7
Keun Ho Lee, Sung Jae Kim, Yong Ho Cha, Jae Lim Kim, Dong Kyu Kim, Sang Jun Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Three-dimensional printer is widely used in industry, biology, and medical fields. We report a finger prosthesis produced by a three-dimensional scanner and printer for a 67-year-old man with a right thumb amputation above the metacarpophalangeal joint. TECHNIQUE: His right amputated and left intact hands were scanned with a three-dimensional scanner, and the left-hand image was rotated to the right side to design the right thumb prosthesis. The designed prosthesis was printed with a three-dimensional printer using the fused filament fabrication output system...
December 1, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888261/fluctuating-residual-limb-volume-accommodated-with-an-adjustable-modular-socket-design-a-novel-case-report
#8
Kay Mitton, Jai Kulkarni, Kenneth William Dunn, Anthony Hoang Ung
BACKGROUND: This novel case report describes the problems of prescribing a prosthetic socket in a left transfemoral amputee secondary to chronic patellofemoral instability compounded by complex regional pain syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: Following the amputation, complex regional pain syndrome symptoms recurred in the residual limb, presenting mainly with oedema. Due to extreme daily volume fluctuations of the residual limb, a conventional, laminated thermoplastic socket fitting was not feasible...
November 24, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888260/threshold-concepts-in-prosthetics
#9
Sophie Hill
BACKGROUND: Curriculum documents identify key concepts within learning prosthetics. Threshold concepts provide an alternative way of viewing the curriculum, focussing on the ways of thinking and practicing within prosthetics. Threshold concepts can be described as an opening to a different way of viewing a concept. This article forms part of a larger study exploring what students and staff experience as difficult in learning about prosthetics. OBJECTIVES: To explore possible threshold concepts within prosthetics...
November 24, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885099/rotationplasty-in-adult-cancer-patients-what-is-the-rehab-strategy-and-what-results-can-be-expected-a-case-study
#10
Mattia Morri, Cristiana Forni
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Rotationplasty is an important and demanding challenge for physiotherapists. The aim of this paper is to describe the functional outcome achieved by a patient undergoing rotationplasty in adult age following osteosarcoma. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: The patient was followed throughout the rehabilitation course and the results achieved were recorded at 6, 9 and 12 months after surgery. FINDINGS AND OUTCOMES: The results progressively improved in terms of function, functional performance and quality of life...
November 24, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885098/energy-costs-and-performance-of-transfemoral-amputees-and-non-amputees-during-walking-and-running-a-pilot-study
#11
Larry J Mengelkoch, Jason T Kahle, M Jason Highsmith
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available concerning the effects of prosthetic foot components on energy costs and ambulatory performance for transfemoral amputees. OBJECTIVES: Compare energy costs (VO2; gait economy) and ambulatory performance (self-selected walking speeds, self-selected running speeds, peak running speeds) differences during walking and running for transfemoral amputees and matched, non-amputee runners. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures...
November 24, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881551/comparison-of-the-otto-bock-solid-ankle-cushion-heel-foot-with-wooden-keel-to-the-low-cost-cr-equipements%C3%A2-solid-ankle-cushion-heel-foot-with-polypropylene-keel-a-randomized-prospective-double-blind-crossover-study-assessing-patient-satisfaction-and-energy
#12
Alain Lacraz, Stéphane Armand, Katia Turcot, Gorki Carmona, Richard Stern, Olivier Borens, Mathieu Assal
BACKGROUND: The International Committee of the Red Cross supports a worldwide program of prosthetic fitting and rehabilitation. In this context, a prosthetic foot was developed and widely distributed in least developed countries. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: To compare patient satisfaction and energy expenditure during ambulation between a low-cost prosthetic foot designed with a polypropylene keel (CR-Equipements(™) solid ankle cushion heel, International Committee of the Red Cross) to a well-recognized solid ankle cushion heel foot with a wooden keel (solid ankle cushion heel foot, Otto Bock)...
November 22, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488861/reply-to-comments-regarding-the-benefits-of-using-a-vacuum-assisted-socket-system-to-improve-balance-and-gait-in-elderly-transtibial-amputees-by-samitier-et-al
#13
LETTER
C Beatriz Samitier, Lluis Guirao, Maria Costea, Josep M Camós, Eulogio Pleguezuelos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488860/comments-regarding-the-benefits-of-using-a-vacuum-assisted-socket-system-to-improve-balance-and-gait-in-elderly-transtibial-amputees-by-samitier-et-al
#14
LETTER
Stefania Fatone, Matthew Major, Ryan Caldwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26951143/the-clinical-and-biomechanical-effects-of-subthreshold-random-noise-on-the-plantar-surface-of-the-foot-in-diabetic-patients-and-elder-people-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Masumeh Bagherzadeh Cham, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Saeed Kalbasi, Akbar Biglarian
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system receives information from foot mechanoreceptors in order to control balance and perform movement tasks. Subthreshold random noise seems to improve sensitivity of the cutaneous mechanoreceptor. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to systematically review published evidence conducted to evaluate the clinical and biomechanical effects of subthreshold random noise on the plantar surface of the foot in diabetic patients and elder people...
December 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944703/interdisciplinary-approach-for-somatoprosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-clino-syndactyly-and-unusual-dermatoglyphics
#16
Himanshi Aggarwal, Saumyendra Vikram Singh, Arun K Singh, Pradeep Kumar, Balendra P Singh
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries are the most common cause of finger amputations. Therapeutic amputations are less common but may be essential in some patients with congenital malformations of digits. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: A 21-year-old female patient reported for esthetic management of malformed middle and ring finger of right hand. Examination revealed clino-syndactyly with unusual dermatoglyphics. She was successfully rehabilitated by collaborative efforts of plastic surgeon and prosthodontist, by therapeutic amputation with surgical recontouring and fabrication of somatoprosthesis...
December 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26598512/principal-component-analysis-in-ground-reaction-forces-and-center-of-pressure-gait-waveforms-of-people-with-transfemoral-amputation
#17
Denise Paschoal Soares, Marcelo Peduzzi de Castro, Emilia Assunção Mendes, Leandro Machado
BACKGROUND: The alterations in gait pattern of people with transfemoral amputation leave them more susceptible to musculoskeletal injury. Principal component analysis is a method that reduces the amount of gait data and allows analyzing the entire waveform. OBJECTIVES: To use the principal component analysis to compare the ground reaction force and center of pressure displacement waveforms obtained during gait between able-bodied subjects and both limbs of individuals with transfemoral amputation...
December 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26578073/three-part-mould-technique-for-fabrication-of-hollow-thumb-prosthesis-a-case-report
#18
Ajay Jain, Fraser S Walker, Sridevi Ugrappa, Sumit Makkad, Vijay Kumar Ugrappa
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to describe a technique which helps in fabrication of glove-type hollow thumb prosthesis using three-part mould technique. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: Patient reported to the Department of Private dental clinic, Delhi, India with a chief complaint of missing partial left thumb and wanted to get it replaced. A complete clinical hand examination was carried out, which revealed a residual stump of 1 cm length. After ensuring the medical conditions to be normal, fabrication of hollow thumb prosthesis was planned using three-part mould technique...
December 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561588/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-prosthesis-evaluation-questionnaire-in-vascular-amputees-fitted-with-prostheses-in-spain
#19
Jose Vicente Benavent, Celedonia Igual, Enrique Mora, Rosa Antonio, Jose Maria Tenias
BACKGROUND: The lack of specific prosthetic-related outcome instruments for Spanish amputees must be addressed. OBJECTIVE: To elaborate a culturally equivalent version of the Prosthesis Evaluation Questionnaire in the Spanish language. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-cultural questionnaire validation. METHODS: Two-step process for cultural adaptation: forward and backward translations of English original and Spanish translated versions; assessment of both construct and criterion validity and reliability in a group of vascular amputees...
December 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527758/marker-based-method-to-measure-movement-between-the-residual-limb-and-a-transtibial-prosthetic-socket
#20
Walter Lee Childers, Steven Siebert
BACKGROUND: Limb movement between the residuum and socket continues to be an underlying factor in limb health, prosthetic comfort, and gait performance yet techniques to measure this have been underdeveloped. OBJECTIVES: Develop a method to measure motion between the residual limb and a transtibial prosthetic socket. STUDY DESIGN: Single subject, repeated measures with mathematical modeling. METHODS: The gait of a participant with transtibial amputation was recorded using a motion capture system using a marker set that included arrays on the anterior distal tibia and the lateral epicondyle of the femur...
December 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
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