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Prosthetics and Orthotics International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351207/the-effect-of-cognitive-impairment-on-prosthesis-use-in-older-adults-who-underwent-amputation-due-to-vascular-related-etiology-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Daniel Joseph Lee, Matthew C Costello
BACKGROUND: Older adults with amputations secondary to vascular etiologies may additionally present with cognitive impairment. Cognition plays an important role in the adoption of a prosthetic limb, although the degree and type of impact are debated. Previous literature reviews have not been directed at the specific population of older adults who underwent vascular-related lower limb amputation. OBJECTIVES: First, to assess extant literature for relationships between cognitive function and prosthesis-related outcomes in older adults who underwent lower limb amputation for vascular-related etiologies...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318407/effectiveness-of-the-custom-mold-room-temperature-vulcanizing-silicone-toe-separator-on-hallux-valgus-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-controlled-trial
#2
Navaporn Chadchavalpanichaya, Voraluck Prakotmongkol, Nattapong Polhan, Pitchaya Rayothee, Sirirat Seng-Iad
BACKGROUND: Silicone toe separator is considered as a conservative treatment for hallux valgus. The prefabricated toe separator does not fit all. However, effectiveness in prescription of the custom-mold toe separator is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of using a custom-mold room temperature vulcanizing silicone toe separator to decrease hallux valgus angle and hallux pain. The compliances, complications, and satisfactions of toe separator were also explored...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318406/use-of-a-shoulder-abduction-brace-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-a-study-on-gait-performance-and-falls
#3
Yuma Sonoda, Takashi Nishioka, Ryo Nakajima, Shinji Imai, Piers Vigers, Taku Kawasaki
BACKGROUND: Fall prevention is essential in patients after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair because of the high risk of re-rupture. However, there are no reports related to falls that occur during the early postoperative period, while the affected limb is immobilized. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed gait performance and falls in patients using a shoulder abduction brace after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort and postoperative repeated measures...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318402/ipsilateral-scapular-cutaneous-anchor-system-an-alternative-for-the-harness-in-body-powered-upper-limb-prostheses
#4
Mona Hichert, Dick H Plettenburg
BACKGROUND: Body-powered prosthesis users frequently complain about the poor cosmesis and comfort of the traditional shoulder harness. The Ipsilateral Scapular Cutaneous Anchor System offers an alternative, but it remains unclear to what extent it affects the perception and control of cable operation forces compared to the traditional shoulder harness. OBJECTIVE: To compare cable force perception and control with the figure-of-nine harness versus the Ipsilateral Scapular Cutaneous Anchor System and to investigate force perception and control at different force levels...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318394/effect-of-foot-and-ankle-immobilization-on-able-bodied-gait-as-a-model-to-increase-understanding-about-bilateral-transtibial-amputee-gait
#5
Antonia Nepomuceno, Matthew J Major, Rebecca Stine, Steven Gard
BACKGROUND: The anatomical foot-ankle complex facilitates advancement of the stance limb through foot rockers and late-stance power generation during walking, but this mechanism is altered for persons with bilateral transtibial amputation when using passive prostheses. OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of bilateral foot and ankle immobilization on able-bodied gait to serve as a model for understanding gait of persons with bilateral transtibial amputation and associated compensatory mechanisms...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318387/a-qualitative-study-of-the-challenges-of-providing-pre-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-rural-south-africa
#6
Liezel Ennion, Anton Johannesson Johannesson
BACKGROUND: There is a known shortage of rehabilitation staff in rural settings and a sharp increase in the number of lower limb amputations being performed. A lack of adequate pre-prosthetic rehabilitation will result in worse physical and psychological outcomes for a person with a lower limb amputation, and they will not be eligible to be fitted with a prosthesis. OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences with providing pre-prosthetic rehabilitation in a rural setting...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316270/the-prosthetist-role-expectations-scale-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-scale-for-clinical-settings
#7
Renee L Mackenzie, Meg E Morris, Gregory Murphy, Margaret C Hodge
BACKGROUND: The role of the prosthetist has changed substantially over the past century. In the transition from 'limb-maker' to 'clinician', the expectations of prosthetics professionals have also changed. OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a new scale capable of assessing and comparing current expectations of the roles of the prosthetist. STUDY DESIGN: Scale development and validation. METHODS: A new scale was constructed in accordance with Organizational Role Theory...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190380/passive-prosthetic-hands-and-tools-a-literature-review
#8
Bartjan Maat, Gerwin Smit, Dick Plettenburg, Paul Breedveld
BACKGROUND: The group of passive prostheses consists of prosthetic hands and prosthetic tools. These can either be static or adjustable. Limited research and development on passive prostheses has been performed although many people use these prosthesis types. Although some publications describe passive prostheses, no recent review of the peer-reviewed literature on passive prostheses is available. OBJECTIVE: Review the peer-reviewed literature on passive prostheses for replacement of the hand...
February 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190379/the-turkish-version-of-the-brace-questionnaire-in-brace-treated-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#9
Gözde Gür, Yavuz Yakut, Theo Grivas
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the effects of brace treatment on quality of life in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is important. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Brace Questionnaire. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study, evaluation of reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Brace Questionnaire. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients undergoing brace treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (median age: 14...
February 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190376/prosthesis-donning-and-doffing-questionnaire-development-and-validation
#10
Noor Azuan Abu Osman, Arezoo Eshraghi, Hossein Gholizadeh, Wan Abu Bakar Wan Abas, Knut Lechler
OBJECTIVES: To develop a questionnaire that specifically evaluates the ability of trans-tibial amputees to don and doff a prosthesis and to investigate the psychometric properties of the newly developed questionnaire. BACKGROUND: Prosthesis should be donned and doffed few times during the day and night; thus, it is important to measure ease of donning and doffing. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The questionnaire was designed and evaluated by a group of experts...
February 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147898/factors-influencing-quality-of-life-following-lower-limb-amputation-for-peripheral-arterial-occlusive-disease-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Fiona Davie-Smith, Elaine Coulter, Brian Kennon, Sally Wyke, Lorna Paul
BACKGROUND: The majority of lower limb amputations are undertaken in people with peripheral arterial occlusive disease, and approximately 50% have diabetes. Quality of life is an important outcome in lower limb amputations; little is known about what influences it, and therefore how to improve it. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to identify the factors that influence quality of life after lower limb amputation for peripheral arterial occlusive disease...
February 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613589/elastomeric-liners-for-people-with-transtibial-amputation-survey-of-prosthetists-clinical-practices
#12
Brian J Hafner, John C Cagle, Katheryn J Allyn, Joan E Sanders
BACKGROUND: A diverse range of elastomeric liner products are available to people with transtibial amputation. However, little information is available about how prosthetists select the product best suited to each patient. OBJECTIVES: To determine how prosthetists obtain information about liners, which features are most relevant to the selection process, and which products are used most for patients with transtibial amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
April 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151648/safety-and-walking-ability-of-kafo-users-with-the-c-brace-%C3%A2-orthotronic-mobility-system-a-new-microprocessor-stance-and-swing-control-orthosis
#13
Eva Pröbsting, Andreas Kannenberg, Britta Zacharias
BACKGROUND: There are clear indications for benefits of stance control orthoses compared to locked knee ankle foot orthoses. However, stance control orthoses still have limited function compared with a sound human leg. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential benefits of a microprocessor stance and swing control orthosis compared to stance control orthoses and locked knee ankle foot orthoses in activities of daily living. STUDY DESIGN: Survey of lower limb orthosis users before and after fitting of a microprocessor stance and swing control orthosis...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091866/use-of-three-dimensional-digital-image-correlation-to-evaluate-mechanical-response-of-prosthetic-systems
#14
Michelin Alvarez-Camacho, Victor Alvarez-Guevara, Carlos Galvan Duque Gastelum, Daniel Flores Vazquez, Gerardo Rodriguez-Reyes, Francisco Manuel Sanchez-Arevalo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The need of comfortable and safe prosthetic systems is an important challenge for both prosthetists and engineers. The aim of this technical note is to demonstrate the use of three-dimensional digital image correlation to evaluate mechanical response of two prosthetic systems under real patient dynamic loads. TECHNIQUE: This note describes the use of three-dimensional digital image correlation method to obtain full-field strain and displacement measurements on the surface of two lower limb prostheses for Chopart amputation...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068931/predictors-of-success-on-the-american-board-for-certification-s-prosthetics-certification-examination
#15
Rebecca Maria Miro, William Young, Robert Dedrick, M Jason Highsmith
BACKGROUND: Many factors can potentially impact pass or fail performance of a certification examination. While studies regarding predictors of success have been conducted in other professions, no such studies have been conducted in prosthetics and orthotics. OBJECTIVES: Determine whether there are significant differences in prosthetics certification examination success or failure based on gender, Carnegie ranking of the institution from where the candidate received the degree, and whether the candidate is extending credential from orthotics to include prosthetics...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052274/improvement-in-walking-abilities-in-transfemoral-amputees-with-a-distal-weight-bearing-implant
#16
Lluis Guirao, C Beatriz Samitier, Maria Costea, Josep Maria Camos, Maria Majo, Eulogio Pleguezuelos
BACKGROUND: The ability to walk with a prosthesis is the main objective of rehabilitation following amputation, and distance and speed of walking achieved are considered determining factors in amputees' perception of quality-of-life. OBJECTIVES: To assess walking abilities and improvement in gait distance and speed parameters in patients undergoing transfemoral amputation with a femoral implant that allows distal support of the residuum. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental before-and-after study...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27025243/effects-of-different-seating-equipment-on-postural-control-and-upper-extremity-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Dilek Sahinoğlu, Gürsoy Coskun, Nilgün Bek
BACKGROUND: Adaptive seating supports for cerebral palsy are recommended to develop and maintain optimum posture, and functional use of upper extremities. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of different seating adaptations regarding postural alignment and related functions and to investigate the effects of these seating adaptations on different motor levels. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: A total of 20 children with spastic cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification System 3-5) were included...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932981/user-experience-of-transtibial-prosthetic-liners-a-systematic-review
#18
Amy Richardson, Michael P Dillon
BACKGROUND: The liner is an integral part of a transtibial prosthesis designed to protect the residual limb, enhance comfort and provide suspension. Literature is difficult to interpret and use given the variety of interventions, outcome measures and method designs. Critical appraisal and synthesis of the evidence is needed to help inform decisions about liner prescription based on the user experience. OBJECTIVES: To critically appraise and synthesise research describing the user experience of transtibial prosthetic liners...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932980/movement-quality-of-conventional-prostheses-and-the-deka-arm-during-everyday-tasks
#19
Jeffrey Cowley, Linda Resnik, Jason Wilken, Lisa Smurr Walters, Deanna Gates
BACKGROUND: Conventional prosthetic devices fail to restore the function and characteristic movement quality of the upper limb. The DEKA Arm is a new, advanced prosthesis featuring a compound, powered wrist and multiple grip configurations. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine if the DEKA Arm improved the movement quality of upper limb prosthesis users compared to conventional prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: Three people with transradial amputation completed tasks of daily life with their conventional prosthesis and with the DEKA Arm...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26905082/the-efficiency-of-gait-plate-insole-for-children-with-in-toeing-gait-due-to-femoral-antetorsion
#20
Sahar Ganjehie, Hassan Saeedi, Behshid Farahmand, Sarah Curran
BACKGROUND: One of the most common gait disorders in children is in-toeing. Few studies have examined the efficacy gait plate insole in in-toeing. we used more precise apparatus than previous studies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of gait plate insole on the angle of gait and center of pressure displacement in children with in-toeing gait. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental before -after study. METHODS: The angle of gait and center of pressure displacement were measured in 17 children aged 4-10 years with in-toeing gait...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
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