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Prosthetics and Orthotics International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974821/examining-the-viability-of-carbon-fiber-reinforced-three-dimensionally-printed-prosthetic-feet-created-by-composite-filament-fabrication
#1
Henry H Warder, Joseph K Fairley, Joshua Coutts, Richard R Glisson, Ken Gall
BACKGROUND: A low-cost, yet high-functioning, fabrication method for prosthetic components is needed to provide underserved amputee communities with quality mobility devices. Three-dimensional printing is a potential alternative, yet limitations in material characteristics have previously prevented the technology from emerging as a solution. OBJECTIVE: To validate the application of a novel three-dimensional printing technique as a fabrication method for creating fiber composite patient end-use prosthetic feet...
July 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871529/the-effect-of-spinal-bracing-on-sitting-function-in-children-with-neuromuscular-scoliosis
#2
Annika Blomkvist, Kristina Olsson, Meta N Eek
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is common in children with neuromuscular deficits. It is often associated with an asymmetric sitting position and with poor balance. Many children with neuromuscular scoliosis spend most of their day sitting. OBJECTIVES: To describe how sitting function is affected by treatment with a modified custom-moulded Boston brace in children with neuromuscular scoliosis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. METHODS: A review of medical records from children fitted with scoliosis braces, including analysis of sitting, using a pressure-mapping system...
June 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865941/comparison-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-with-plantar-flexion-stop-and-plantar-flexion-resistance-in-the-gait-of-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Sumiko Yamamoto, Souji Tanaka, Naoyuki Motojima
BACKGROUND: The effect of plantar flexion resistance of ankle-foot orthoses on the ankle and knee joints is well known, but its effect on the hip joint and upper body movement during the gait of stroke patients remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of an ankle-foot orthosis with plantar flexion stop and an ankle-foot orthosis with plantar flexion resistance on the gait of stroke patients in the subacute phase. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848224/response-to-comments-regarding-mobility-analysis-of-amputees-maat-i-quality-of-life-and-satisfaction-are-strongly-related-to-mobility-for-patients-with-a-lower-limb-prosthesis-by-wurdeman-et-al
#4
Shane R Wurdeman, Phillip M Stevens, James H Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848175/comments-regarding-mobility-analysis-of-amputees-maat-i-quality-of-life-and-satisfaction-are-strongly-related-to-mobility-for-patients-with-a-lower-limb-prosthesis-by-wurdeman-et-al
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806569/comparison-of-an-epicondylitis-bandage-with-a-wrist-orthosis-in-patients-with-lateral-epicondylitis
#6
Halil Ekrem Akkurt, Hilal Kocabaş, Halim Yılmaz, Cemile Eser, Zafer Şen, Kemal Erol, Hamit Göksu, Gülten Karaca, Süleyman Baktık
BACKGROUND: Lateral epicondylitis is one of the most common causes of elbow pain. It is generally observed in people between the ages of 40 and 50 years, and the dominant extremity is more frequently affected. Various noninvasive methods are frequently used; however, studies investigating the effectiveness of the orthoses are limited and with controversial outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of a hand-wrist resting orthosis and an epicondylitis bandage in lateral epicondylitis...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779466/a-systematic-review-of-shock-attenuating-componentry-for-lower-limb-amputees
#7
Mitchell Farrar, Emma Thomas
BACKGROUND: Shock-attenuating pylons are commonly fitted to prostheses in order to compensate for the anatomical and biomechanical shock-absorbing features of the lower limb removed upon amputation. However, studies concerning their shock-attenuating capacity are highly variable and, to date, have not yet been reviewed, making them difficult to interpret and apply in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise and appraise the available literature examining the effectiveness of shock-attenuating pylons in attenuating shock upon limb loading compared to rigid pylons among lower limb amputees...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779455/function-quality-of-life-and-community-integration-of-deka-arm-users-after-discharge-from-prosthetic-training-impact-of-home-use-experience
#8
Linda Resnik, Frantzy Acluche, Matthew Borgia, Jill Cancio, Gail Latlief, Nicole Sasson
BACKGROUND: Research on adaptation to advanced upper limb prostheses is needed. OBJECTIVES: To (1) examine change in function, quality of life and community integration after prosthetic training, (2) determine whether change in outcomes varied by prosthesis complexity, and (3) compare patterns of change at 1 month for those who withdrew from the study and those who did not. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental time series. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 22 participants (18 completers)...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779442/assessment-of-low-and-high-level-task-performance-in-people-with-transtibial-amputation-using-crossover-and-energy-storing-prosthetic-feet-a-pilot-study
#9
Elizabeth G Halsne, Cody L McDonald, Sara J Morgan, Sarah M Cheever, Brian J Hafner
BACKGROUND: Crossover feet incorporate features of energy-storing feet and running-specific feet. As such, crossover feet may be suitable for both daily ambulation and participation in physically demanding activities. OBJECTIVES: To compare crossover feet and energy-storing feet on performance-based tests including a range of low-level (e.g. sit-to-stand) and high-level (e.g. jogging) activities. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, repeated measures...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775171/competency-standards-for-newly-graduated-prosthetist-orthotists-in-sweden
#10
Nerrolyn Ramstrand, Simon Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: There are currently no national competency standards upon which to develop educational objectives for prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. While standards have been developed in other countries, they cannot be applied without confirming their relevance in a Swedish context. OBJECTIVES: To describe and obtain consensus on core competencies required for newly graduated prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. STUDY DESIGN: Modified Delphi process...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775167/prosthetic-and-orthotic-students-attitudes-toward-addressing-sexual-health-in-their-future-profession
#11
Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Fredrik Thidell, Bo Rolander, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: Prosthetists and orthotists have a responsibility to direct treatment toward enabling their clients to perform desired activities and to facilitate participation of their clients in all areas of life. This may include provision of assistive technologies to help clients meet goals related to participation in sexual activities. To help prosthetic and orthotic students develop competencies in dealing with the sexual health of their future clients, it is necessary to generate knowledge of their own perceived competence and capacity...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775166/aluminum-foot-insoles-reduce-plantar-forefoot-pressure-and-increase-foot-comfort-for-motorcyclists
#12
Israel Casado-Hernández, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Daniel López-López, Antonio Gómez-Bernal, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias
BACKGROUND: Foot pain and paresthesia are common in cycling, due to plantar pressure and repetitive loading. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the effect of foot insoles on plantar pressure of the foot in motorcycling, as well as self-reported comfort. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized crossover clinical trial. METHODS: A flexible foot pressure mat (GP MobilData WiFi® Gebiomized®) with different sizes was utilized. RESULTS: Maximum pressure values occurred predominantly in the hallux with 4...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775131/change-in-residual-limb-size-over-time-in-the-nu-flexsiv-socket-a-case-study
#13
Stefania Fatone, Jessica Yohay, Ryan Caldwell
BACKGROUND: This case study represented a unique opportunity wherein a long-time user of sub-ischial sockets had kept nearly every socket he wore for a decade. This individual let us borrow these sockets so we could digitize them and indirectly assess change in residual limb size over time by calculating changes in socket volume and circumferences over time. Case Description and Methods: Over a decade, the subject maintained a relatively stable body weight of 84-88 kg and received nine sub-ischial sockets...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775130/taxonomy-of-clinical-encounters-during-the-first-90-days-post-delivery-of-an-initial-lower-limb-prosthesis
#14
Daniel Joseph Lee, Michael Wininger, David Mahler, Mark Parisi
BACKGROUND: The incidence and etiology of prosthetic services utilization is poorly understood during the first 90 days post-delivery of the initial lower limb prosthesis. This period is of critical importance, as prevailing policy dictates limits on the reimbursement for certain services provided during this time period. The first step in understanding the financial ramifications of such policy is to examine the taxonomy behind clinical encounters during this tenuous time period. OBJECTIVES: Quantify and categorize clinical encounters by incidence and etiology...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775129/health-related-quality-of-life-and-orthosis-use-in-a-swedish-population-with-arthrogryposis
#15
Marie Eriksson, Leena Jylli, Li Villard, Anna-Karin Kroksmark, Åsa Bartonek
BACKGROUND: Joint contractures are the main characteristics for children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Orthoses are often used to enable or facilitate walking. OBJECTIVES: To describe health-related quality of life in children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and satisfaction with orthoses in those using orthoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 33 children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita participated in the study...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400252/first-results-concerning-the-safety-walking-and-satisfaction-with-an-innovative-microprocessor-controlled-four-axes-prosthetic-foot
#16
Andreas Hahn, Ivana Sreckovic, Sebastian Reiter, Milana Mileusnic
BACKGROUND: The microprocessor-controlled foot Meridium is a prosthetic component with adjustable stance-phase characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To investigate subjects' and prosthetists' perception of safety, walking, and satisfaction during first routine fittings. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study. METHODS: Data regarding demographics, fitting process, safety, daily life activities, and satisfaction were obtained through questionnaires...
June 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376482/effects-of-orthopedic-insoles-on-static-balance-of-older-adults-wearing-thick-socks
#17
Christina Zong-Hao Ma, Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Anson Hong-Ping Wan, Winson Chiu-Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: The wearing of socks and insoles may affect the ability of the foot to detect tactile input influencing postural balance. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether (1) thick socks adversely affected the elderly postural balance and (2) orthopedic insoles could improve the elderly postural balance while wearing thick socks. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated-measures study design. METHODS: In total, 14 healthy older adults were recruited...
June 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189099/creative-prosthetic-foot-selection-enables-successful-ambulation-in-stiletto-high-heels
#18
Elizabeth Russell Esposito, Delbert H Lipe, Christopher A Rábago
BACKGROUND: Walking in high heels presents biomechanical challenges, yet they remain part of many women's attire. However, women with a lower limb amputation are limited in available footwear options. Case description and methods: This case study is in response to one patient's assertion that she walked better and more symmetrically in heels than flat shoes with her below-knee prosthesis. She underwent gait analysis in athletic shoes and 10-cm stiletto high heels worn with a pediatric running foot to determine if these claims could be substantiated through biomechanical measures...
June 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153045/treatment-of-clubfoot-with-the-modified-copenhagen-method-a-10-year-follow-up
#19
Elia Utrilla-Rodríguez, Pedro V Munuera-Martínez, Manuel Albornoz-Cabello
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is one of the most frequent congenital malformations in the world. Non-operative methods follows limiting surgery to a minimum. The modified Copenhagen method has not been studied enough. STUDY DESIGN: longitudinal retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prognostic factors for clinical rehabilitation with the modified Copenhagen method in a 10-year follow-up period. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on a 10-year follow-up of 82 children diagnosed with clubfoot at birth and treated with the modified Copenhagen method...
June 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153044/the-modular-socket-system-in-a-rural-setting-in-indonesia
#20
Bob Giesberts, Liezel Ennion, Olle Hjelmstrom, Agusni Karma, Knut Lechler, Edsko Hekman, Arjen Bergsma
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic services are inaccessible to people living in rural areas. Systems like the modular socket system have the potential to be fabricated outside of the prosthetic workshop. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the patient's performance and satisfaction with the use of the modular socket system, and the technical feasibility of its implementation in a rural setting. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative longitudinal descriptive study design was followed...
June 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
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