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Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717863/global-mental-health-and-adolescent-anxiety-kin-care-and-struggle-in-new-mexico
#1
Janis H Jenkins, Annika Stone
While recent developments within the field of global mental health have illuminated the reality of serious mental health difficulties worldwide, particularly in low-income settings, research that focuses on children and adolescents remains underdeveloped. This is especially the case with respect to ethnographic studies of lived experience of adolescents diagnosed with serious mental health conditions. Drawing from an interdisciplinary study of adolescents in New Mexico who were afflicted with a broad range of disorders according to contemporary research diagnostic criteria, this article focuses on anxiety-related conditions with respect to subjective experience and social-ecological contexts of living with such conditions...
July 17, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711953/attachment-mothering-and-mental-illness-mother-infant-therapy-in-an-institutional-context
#2
Sonia Masciantonio, Susan R Hemer, Anna Chur-Hansen
This paper is an ethnographic exploration of how attachment theory underpins therapeutic practices in an Australian institutional context where mothers of infants have been diagnosed and are undergoing treatment for mental illness. We argue that attachment theory in this particular context rests on a series of principles or assumptions: that attachment theory is universally applicable; that attachment is dyadic and gendered; that there is an attachment template formed which can be transferred across generations and shapes future social interactions; that there is understood to be a mental health risk to the infant when attachment is characterised as problematic; and that this risk can be mitigated through the therapeutic practices advocated by the institution...
July 15, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685366/guan-care-control-an-ethnographic-understanding-of-care-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-from-shanghai-s-urban-communities
#3
Jianfeng Zhu, Tianshu Pan, Hai Yu, Dong Dong
This article investigates how the political culture of Guan (care/control) in China is played out across the platforms of the state, the community and the family through the lens of caring for people with severe mental illness in urban Shanghai. Based on ethnographic data collected from six communities in a district of Shanghai, we provide a nuanced understanding of the roles of family members, street committees and other governmental organizations in their daily practices of caring for people with severe mental illness...
July 6, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577111/family-life-and-social-medicine-discourses-and-discontents-surrounding-puebla-s-psychiatric-care
#4
Kathryn Law Hale
Drawing on clinical data from 15 months of on-site participant observation in the only public psychiatric hospital in the state of Puebla, Mexico, this article advances our understanding of globalization in relation to psychiatry. I challenge the construction of psychiatry as only treating the individual patient and provide grounded doctor-patient-family member interaction in a Mexican psychiatric clinic in order to review what happens when doctors cannot interact with patients as atomized individuals even though in theory they are trained to think of patients that way...
June 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551759/seeing-a-brain-through-an-other-the-informant-s-share-in-the-diagnosis-of-dementia
#5
Laurence Anne Tessier
This article takes up the neuroscientific assumption of our brains as "solitary" and contrasts this understanding with the description of actual clinical practices. Drawing on observations of clinical consultations and team meetings in a world famous US center for the diagnosis of dementia, I examine how the "informant", a member of the patient's family, participates in the diagnosis process. Based on specific situations in which the informant is judged to be a "bad" one, I inquire as to how clinicians use what they understand of the affective relationships between the patient and the bad informant in order to make a diagnosis...
May 27, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534313/class-based-chronicities-of-suffering-and-seeking-help-comparing-addiction-treatment-programs-in-uganda
#6
Julia Vorhölter
Based on ethnographic fieldwork, this article looks at changing discourses and practices in the field of mental health care in Uganda. In particular, it analyzes two psychotherapeutic institutions designed to treat drug- and alcohol-addiction, and their accessibility and affordability for people from different class backgrounds. The first center is a high-class residential facility near Kampala which offers state-of-the-art addiction therapy, but is affordable only for the rich. The second center, a church-funded organization in Northern Uganda, cares mainly for people from poor, rural families who cannot afford exp/tensive treatment...
May 22, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#7
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466115/moral-and-other-laboratories-and-the-semantic-impertinence-of-metaphor-an-afterward
#8
EDITORIAL
Cheryl Mattingly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397029/introduction-to-moral-and-other-laboratories
#9
EDITORIAL
Teresa Kuan, Lone Grøn
"Moral (and other) laboratories" is a special issue that draws on Cheryl Mattingly's notion of the "moral laboratory" to explore the uncanny interface between laboratory ethnography and moral anthropology, and to examine the relationship between experience and experiment. We ask whether laboratory work may provoke new insights about experimental practices in other social spaces such as homes, clinics, and neighborhoods, and conversely, whether the study of morality may provoke new insights about laboratory practices as they unfold in the day-to-day interactions between test tubes, animals, apparatuses, scientists, and technicians...
June 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389901/the-tipping-of-the-big-stone-and-life-itself-obesity-moral-work-and-responsive-selves-over-time
#10
Lone Grøn
Why is "everything I know is the right thing to do a million miles removed from what I do in reality?" This question posed by Rita, my main interlocutor and friend in a fieldwork that started in 2001-2003 and was taken up again in 2014-2015, opens up an exploration of moral work and moral selves in the context of the obesity epidemic and weight loss processes. I address these questions through the notion of "moral laboratories" taking up Mattingly's argument that moral cultivation over time cannot be disconnected from a notion of self...
June 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378038/the-moral-lives-of-laboratory-monkeys-television-and-the-ethics-of-care
#11
Lesley A Sharp
Why do lab monkeys watch TV? This essay examines the preponderance of televisions in primate housing units based in academic research laboratories. Within such labs, television and related visual media are glossed as part-and-parcel of welfare or species-specific enrichment practices intended for research monkeys, a logic that is simultaneously historically- and ontologically-based. In many research centers, television figures prominently in the two inseparable domains of a lab monkey's life: as a research tool employed during experiments, and in housing units where captive monkeys are said to enjoy watching TV during "down time...
June 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378036/engaging-with-dementia-moral-experiments-in-art-and-friendship
#12
Janelle S Taylor
The box-office as well as critical success of the 2014 major motion picture Still Alice, starring Julianne Moore in the title role and based on the bestselling novel of the same name by the Harvard-trained neuroscientist Lisa Genova (Still Alice. Simon & Schuster, New York, 2009), marked an important moment in public cultural representations of people with dementia. Still Alice tells the story of Alice Howland, an eminent scientist whose increasing memory lapses are eventually diagnosed as early-onset Alzheimer's, and chronicles the transformations in her family relationships as her husband and three children respond to her decline in different ways...
June 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150183/at-the-edge-of-safety-moral-experimentation-in-the-case-of-family-therapy
#13
Teresa Kuan
"At the Edge of Safety" argues for thinking of structural family therapy as a "moral laboratory." Borrowing a trope from Cheryl Mattingly's recent book Moral Laboratories, the article reconsiders a therapeutic style that was once controversial by analyzing personal stories of supervision-i.e. professional training-in light of Mattingly's suggestion that a social space in which people conduct experiments on themselves and their lives may be considered a moral laboratory. Family therapy is especially good to think with, because it is simultaneously a real and a metaphorical laboratory, physically lab-like in its use of visual technologies, yet moral in the way it puts the possibility for situational change in the hands of human actors...
June 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101699/humanity-at-the-edge-the-moral-laboratory-of-feeding-precarious-lives
#14
Mette N Svendsen, Iben M Gjødsbøl, Mie S Dam, Laura E Navne
At the heart of anthropology and the social sciences lies a notion of human existence according to which humans and animals share the basic need for food, but only humans have the capacity for morality. Based on fieldwork in a pig laboratory, a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and a dementia nursing home, we follow practices of feeding precarious lives lacking most markers of human personhood, including the exercise of moral judgment. Despite the absence of such markers, laboratory researchers and caregivers in these three sites do not abstain from engaging in questions about the moral status of the piglets, infants, and people with dementia in their care...
June 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389900/comments-on-moral-and-other-laboratories-culture-medicine-and-psychiatry-special-issue-edited-by-lone-gr%C3%A3-n-and-teresa-kuan
#15
EDITORIAL
Michael Lambek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378037/medical-disease-or-moral-defect-stigma-attribution-and-cultural-models-of-addiction-causality-in-a-university-population
#16
Nicole L Henderson, William W Dressler
This study examines the knowledge individuals use to make judgments about persons with substance use disorder. First, we show that there is a cultural model of addiction causality that is both shared and contested. Second, we examine how individuals' understanding of that model is associated with stigma attribution. Research was conducted among undergraduate students at the University of Alabama. College students in the 18-25 age range are especially at risk for developing substance use disorder, and they are, perhaps more than any other population group, intensely targeted by drug education...
April 4, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324221/insuring-care-paperwork-insurance-rules-and-clinical-labor-at-a-u-s-transgender-clinic
#17
Marieke van Eijk
What is a clinician to do when people needing medical care do not have access to consistent or sufficient health insurance coverage and cannot pay for care privately? Analyzing ethnographically how clinicians at a university-based transgender clinic in the United States responded to this challenge, I examine the U.S. health insurance system, insurance paperwork, and administrative procedures that shape transgender care delivery. To buffer the impact of the system's failure to provide sufficient health insurance coverage for transgender care, clinicians blended administrative routines with psychological therapy, counseled people's minds and finances, and leveraged the prestige of their clinic in attempts to create space for gender nonconforming embodiments in gender conservative insurance policies...
March 21, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251478/mental-health-outcomes-of-psychosocial-intervention-among-traditional-health-practitioner-depressed-patients-in-kenya
#18
Christine W Musyimi, Victoria Mutiso, David M Ndetei, David C Henderson, Joske Bunders
Task-shifting in mental health such as engaging Traditional Health Practitioners (THPs) in appropriate management of mental disorders is crucial in reducing global mental health challenges. This study aims to determine the outcomes of using evidence-based mental health Global Action Programme Intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) to provide psychosocial interventions among depressed patients seeking care from THPs. THPs were trained to deliver psychosocial interventions to their patients screening positive for mild to severe depression on Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI)...
March 1, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210830/editorial-cmp-honors-for-lindenbaum-in-2017
#19
EDITORIAL
Atwood D Gaines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050759/tension-among-women-in-north-india-an-idiom-of-distress-and-a-cultural-syndrome
#20
Lesley Jo Weaver
The existing literature on Indian ethnopsychology has long asserted that somatization is a key aspect of experiences of distress. The study of idioms of distress arose out of work done in India (Nichter in Cult Med Psychiatry 5(4):379-408, 1981), but ironically, little subsequent work has systematically explored idioms of distress in this part of the world. This ethnographic study focused on the term tension (tenśan) and its relation to a cultural syndrome among women in urban North India. This syndrome appears to involve rapid-onset anger, irritation, rumination, and sleeplessness as key symptoms...
March 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
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