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Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998384/magic-moments-determinants-of-stress-relief-and-subjective-wellbeing-from-visiting-a-cultural-heritage-site
#1
Enzo Grossi, Giorgio Tavano Blessi, Pier Luigi Sacco
We provide an experimental evaluation of the impact of aesthetic experiences in terms of stress reduction (cortisol levels) and wellbeing increase. The test experience is a visit to the vault of the Sanctuary of Vicoforte, Italy. Data have been collected using a double step method. A structured interview in relation to the individual subjective well-being has been administered to a sample of 100 subjects. In addition, a sample of their saliva has been taken, and its cortisol level measured, before and after the experience, and likewise for momentary wellbeing measured on a Visual Analogous Scale...
July 12, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998383/-if-one-does-not-fulfil-his-duties-he-must-not-be-a-man-masculinity-mental-health-and-resilience-amongst-sri-lankan-tamil-refugee-men-in-canada
#2
William Affleck, Umaharan Thamotharampillai, Judy Jeyakumar, Rob Whitley
Refugee men face unique mental health stressors in the pre- and post-migratory periods. However, there has been little in-depth research on the mental health of refugee men in Canada. Given this situation, the overall aim of this study is to explore the psycho-social experience of Sri Lankan Tamil refugee men in Canada. Particular objectives include better understanding any inter-relationship between war-trauma, migration, concepts of masculinity and mental health. The study employed a two-phase participatory action research design based on the grounded theory approach...
July 12, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922973/the-association-between-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-psychological-strains-in-college-students-a-cross-national-study
#3
Sibo Zhao, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the differences of psychological strains between Chinese and American college students and discussed how strains may influence individuals' suicidal ideation and depression. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: A total of 539 college students (298 from China and 241 from the U.S.) were recruited in March 2016 to complete the survey study. Multiple linear regressions were used in data analysis. RESULTS: Students in America had higher scores on depression and stress than students in China, while students in China rated higher on suicidal ideation than students in America...
June 19, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915927/toward-a-phenomenological-account-of-embodied-subjectivity-in-autism
#4
Sofie Boldsen
Sensorimotor research is currently challenging the dominant understanding of autism as a deficit in the cognitive ability to 'mindread'. This marks an emerging shift in autism research from a focus on the structure and processes of the mind to a focus on autistic behavior as grounded in the body. Contemporary researchers in sensorimotor differences in autism call for a reconciliation between the scientific understanding of autism and the first-person experience of autistic individuals. I argue that fulfilling this ambition requires a phenomenological understanding of the body as it presents itself in ordinary experience, namely as the subject of experience rather than a physical object...
June 18, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948433/a-short-term-population-model-of-the-suicide-risk-the-case-of-spain
#5
Elena De la Poza, Lucas Jódar
A relevant proportion of deaths by suicide have been attributed to other causes that produce the number of suicides remains hidden. The existence of a hidden number of cases is explained by the nature of the problem. Problems like this involve violence, and produce fear and social shame in victims' families. The existence of violence, fear and social shame experienced by victims favours a considerable number of suicides, identified as accidents or natural deaths. This paper proposes a short time discrete compartmental mathematical model to measure the suicidal risk for the case of Spain...
June 14, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881930/suicide-in-nepal-qualitative-findings-from-a-modified-case-series-psychological-autopsy-investigation-of-suicide-deaths
#6
Ashley K Hagaman, Seema Khadka, Amber Wutich, Shyam Lohani, Brandon A Kohrt
South Asia accounts for the majority of the world's suicide deaths, but typical psychiatric or surveillance-based research approaches are limited due to incomplete vital surveillance. Despite rich anthropological scholarship in the region, such work has not been used to address public health gaps in surveillance and nor inform prevention programs designed based on surveillance data. Our goal was to leverage useful strategies from both public health and anthropological approaches to provide rich narrative reconstructions of suicide events, told by family members or loved ones of the deceased, to further contextualize the circumstances of suicide...
June 7, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860583/author-correction-to-dusukasi-the-heart-that-cries-an-idiom-of-mental-distress-among-perinatal-women-in-rural-mali
#7
Molly E Lasater, Madeleine Beebe, Nicole E Warren, Fatoumata Souko, Mariam Keita, Sarah M Murray, Judith K Bass, Pamela J Surkan, Peter J Winch
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the author name.
June 2, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858764/correction-to-beyond-participation-politics-incommensurability-and-the-emergence-of-mental-health-service-users-activism-in-chile
#8
Cristian R Montenegro
The article, "Beyond Participation: Politics, Incommensurability and the Emergence of Mental Health Service Users' Activism in Chile", written by Cristian R. Montenegro, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on April 24, 2018 without open access.
June 1, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845519/enveloping-mothers-enveloped-sons-positions-in-chinese-family-therapy
#9
Wenrui Chen
The increasing acceptance and use of psychotherapy in contemporary China powerfully attests to the "psychologization" of Chinese society. Yet attending therapy is only one aspect of psychologization. Analyzing the practice of therapy through case examples illuminates the broader sociocultural context of China's "psycho-boom." This includes insight into what I term an expansive-I notion of personhood. This non-singular notion of personhood is a major challenge for Chinese therapists. Therapists' attempts to resolve clients' problems by reorienting them according to psychological ideals highlight the multiple, at times contradictory relationships between psychotherapy, the state and families...
May 29, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796782/competing-constructivisms-the-negotiation-of-ptsd-and-related-stigma-among-post-9-11-veterans-in-new-york-city
#10
Luther Elliott, Alexander S Bennett, Kelly Szott, Andrew Golub
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) stands as a form of psychopathology that straddles moral and psychiatric domains. Grounded in discrete instances of trauma, PTSD represents an etiological outlier in an era of increased attention to the genetics of mental illness and a prime location for social constructivist analyses of mental illness. This examination of PTSD narratives-as voiced in qualitative interviews and focus groups with 50 veterans of the recent Iraq and Afghanistan wars living in New York City-attends to the processes through which veterans conceive and navigate PTSD symptoms and diagnoses...
May 23, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728795/-my-heart-die-in-me-idioms-of-distress-and-the-development-of-a-screening-tool-for-mental-suffering-in-southeast-liberia
#11
Katrin Fabian, Josiah Fannoh, George G Washington, Wilfred B Geninyan, Bethuel Nyachienga, Garmai Cyrus, Joyce N Hallowanger, Jason Beste, Deepa Rao, Bradley H Wagenaar
The integration of culturally salient idioms of distress into mental healthcare delivery is essential for effective screening, diagnosis, and treatment. This study systematically explored idioms, explanatory models, and conceptualizations in Maryland County, Liberia to develop a culturally-resonant screening tool for mental distress. We employed a sequential mixed-methods process of: (1) free-lists and semi-structured interviews (n = 20); patient chart reviews (n = 315); (2) pile-sort exercises, (n = 31); and (3) confirmatory focus group discussions (FGDs); (n = 3) from June to December 2017...
May 4, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696491/dusukasi-the-heart-that-cries-an-idiom-of-mental-distress-among-perinatal-women-in-rural-mali
#12
Molly E Lasater, Madeleine Beebe, Nicole E Warren, Fatoumata Souko, Mariam Keita, Sarah M Murray, Judith K Bass, Pamela J Surkan, Peter J Winch
Perinatal mental health problems such as depression and anxiety are prevalent in low and middle-income countries. In Mali, the lack of mental health care is compounded by few studies on mental health needs, including in the perinatal period. This paper examines the ways in which perinatal women experience and express mental distress in rural Mali. We describe a process, relying on several different qualitative research methods, to identify understandings of mental distress specific to the Malian context. Participants included perinatal women, maternal health providers, and community health workers in rural southwest Mali...
April 25, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691723/beyond-participation-politics-incommensurability-and-the-emergence-of-mental-health-service-users-activism-in-chile
#13
Cristian R Montenegro
Although the organisation of mental health service users and ex-users in Latin America is a recent and under-researched phenomenon, global calls for their involvement in policy have penetrated national agendas, shaping definitions and expectations about their role in mental health systems. In this context, how such groups react to these expectations and define their own goals, strategies and partnerships can reveal the specificity of the "user movement" in Chile and Latin America. This study draws on Jacques Rancière's theorisation of "police order" and "politics" to understand the emergence of users' collective identity and activism, highlighting the role of practices of disengagement and rejection...
April 24, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687188/orienting-to-medicine-scripting-professionalism-hierarchy-and-social-difference-at-the-start-of-medical-school
#14
Sienna R Craig, Rebekah Scott, Kristy Blackwood
Nascent medical students' first view into medical school orients them toward what is considered important in medicine. Based on ethnography conducted over 18 months at a New England medical school, this article explores themes which emerged during a first-year student orientation and examines how these scripts resurface across a four-year curriculum, revealing dynamics of enculturation into an institution and the broader profession. We analyze orientation activities as discursive and embodied fields which serve "practical" purposes of making new social geographies familiar, but which also frame institutional values surrounding "soft" aspects of medicine: professionalism; dynamics of hierarchy and vulnerability; and social difference...
April 23, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749560/-the-times-they-are-a-changin-new-editor-for-cmp-in-2019
#15
EDITORIAL
Atwood D Gaines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429116/listening-to-bedouin-mothers-of-children-with-autism
#16
Iris Manor-Binyamini, Avihu Shoshana
This article examines how Bedouin mothers in Israel describe, perceive, and interpret their experiences raising a child with autism. Data were collected using semi-structured ethnographic interviews with 18 Bedouin mothers of children with autism, aged 6-16, living in recognized and unrecognized settlements in the Negev. Analysis of the study findings shows how the subaltern status of Bedouin women, which includes their husbands' constant threats of divorce or taking a second wife, makes it difficult for them to be mobile and interact in the public sphere without the presence of a man and creates an experience unique to these mothers, which we call "Exclusion within Exclusion"...
June 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368117/beyond-v40-31-narrative-phenomenology-of-wandering-in-autism-and-dementia
#17
Olga Solomon, Mary C Lawlor
Research on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and on Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and other types of dementia describes a behaviour called 'wandering', a term that denotes movement through space lacking intention or exact destination, as when a person is disoriented or not self-aware. In the U.S., 'wandering' in both ASD and AD has been examined mostly from a management and prevention perspective. It prioritizes safety while primarily overlooking personal experiences of those who 'wander' and their families, thus limiting the range of potentially effective strategies to address this issue...
June 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344833/violence-against-women-in-cambodia-towards-a-culturally-responsive-theory-of-change
#18
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. This article brings together two seldom connected fields: Theory of Change (ToC) and cultural responsiveness in international development. It applies these approaches to a priority in global health, which is to prevent violence against women (VAW) and, drawing on my research on the epigenesis of VAW in Cambodia, develops an argument on the need for interventions to work with tradition and culture rather than only highlight it in problematic terms...
June 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340954/the-cultural-epigenesis-of-gender-based-violence-in-cambodia-local-and-buddhist-perspectives
#19
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the ways in which Cambodians see its causes and effects and to identify and analyse the cultural forces that underpin and shape its landscape. An ethnographic study was carried out with 102 perpetrators and survivors of emotional, physical and sexual violence against women and 228 key informants from the Buddhist and healing sectors. Their views and experiences of it were recorded-the popular idioms expressed and the symptoms of distress experienced by survivors and perpetrators...
June 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151235/how-the-urge-to-kill-feels-articulations-of-emic-appetitive-aggression-experiences-among-former-forcefully-recruited-children-and-youth-in-the-acholi-region-of-northern-uganda
#20
Helle Harnisch, Anett Pfeiffer
Based on 10 months of fieldwork in the Acholi region of northern Uganda among youth and adults who were forcefully recruited into the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) during the war, this article provides qualitative details to research on 'appetitive aggression.' Through two case-stories the article unfolds first person articulations of how 'appetitive aggression' is experienced as 'the urge to kill' and how it relates to the emic Acholi spiritual concept of 'cen'; a local Luo expression used to describe places and human beings possessed by evil spirits...
June 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
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