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Medical Anthropology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532205/displayed-wounds-encrypted-messages-hyper-realism-and-imagination-in-medical-moulages
#1
Cristiana Bastos
Moulages are three-dimensional colorful replicas of body parts with particular expressions of ailments. Historically, by operating a transition between illness and disease, moulages were a powerful tool in the consolidation of the medical specialty of dermatovenereology. Yet moulages are not solely an objectification of biological processes suitable for medical teaching; they also activate non-medical cognitions and emotions about life, death, behavior and morality that are rooted in the history of the art of wax modeling...
May 22, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494167/-my-whole-life-is-ethics-ordinary-ethics-and-gene-therapy-clinical-trials
#2
Courtney Addison, Jesper Lassen
What and where is ethics in gene therapy? Historical debates have identified a set of ethical issues with the field, and current regulatory systems presume a discrete ethics that can be achieved or protected. Resisting attempts at demarcation or resolution, we use the notions of "ordinary" or "everyday" ethics to develop a better understanding of the complexities of experimental gene therapy for patients, families and practitioners, and create richer imaginings of ethics in the gene therapy sphere. Drawing on ethnographic research in several clinical trials we show that patients/parents can acquire some control in difficult medical situations, and practitioners can attune their care to their patients' needs...
May 11, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489420/commentary-anthropologists-in-malariaworld
#3
Peter J Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471249/men-s-everyday-health-care-practices-tensions-and-paradoxes-and-masculinities-in-denmark
#4
Nina Nissen
My interest is in how masculinities are enacted and implicated in different care repertoires. Drawing on Mol's notion of "logic of care," I illustrate that in Denmark some men's care practices are an integral part of their life projects, and so they target both the human body, and sociality and relationality, as everyday care. In this way, men enact, embody, and weave together a self- and other-directed "caring masculinity" with practices of autonomy, self-discipline and the aestheticization of male bodies...
May 4, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453300/psychiatry-sex-and-science-the-making-of-adolescent-motherhood-in-southern-brazil
#5
Dominique P Béhague
Research linking teen motherhood to psychoneurodevelopmental causes and pathologies has proliferated in the past two decades. In Brazil, a psychodevelopmental project of teen motherhood has gained traction despite many experts' long-standing commitment to psychodynamic psychiatry and social epidemiology, generating epistemic tension rather than substitution. Drawing on historical ethnography conducted in Southern Brazil, I explore how this project materialized through the co-production of epistemic struggles, remedial interventions, and ontological politics...
April 28, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448161/peaches-for-lunch-creating-and-using-visual-variables
#6
Elizabeth Cartwright, Adam Clegg
In this article, I describe the process of systematically including nonverbal data in medical anthropology research. I demonstrate the process of visualizing and coding videotaped moments of life and show how we can analyze what is being done along with what is being said. I ground my discussion in toddler language socialization and then expand my observations to the realm of language pathologies. Aphasia from strokes, speech difficulties in neurologically based illnesses like Lou Gehrig's disease, and the variety of communication challenges that face those on the autism spectrum can all be studied in interesting ways by including precise descriptions of nonverbal actions...
April 27, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426245/visualizing-tensions-in-an-ethnographic-moment-images-and-intersubjectivity
#7
Jerome W Crowder
Images function as sources of data and influence our thinking about fieldwork, representation and intersubjectivity. In this article, I show how both the ethnographic relationships and the working method of photography lead to a more nuanced understanding of a healing event. I systematically analyze 33 photographs made over a 15 minute period during the preparation and application of a poultice (topical cure) in a rural Andean home. The images chronicle the event, revealing my initial reaction and the decisions I made when tripping the shutter...
April 20, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414530/hope-amidst-horror-documenting-the-effects-of-the-war-on-drugs-among-female-sex-workers-and-their-intimate-partners-in-tijuana-mexico
#8
Jennifer L Syvertsen, Angela Robertson Bazzi, María Luisa Mittal
Sensationalistic media coverage has fueled stereotypes of the Mexican border city of Tijuana as a violent battleground of the global drug war. While the drug war shapes health and social harms in profoundly public ways, less visible are the experiences and practices of hope that forge communities of care and represent more private responses to this crisis. In this article, we draw on ethnographic fieldwork and photo elicitation with female sex workers who inject drugs and their intimate, non-commercial partners in Tijuana to examine the personal effects of the drug war...
April 17, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409673/-como-si-nada-enduring-violence-and-diabetes-among-rural-women-in-southern-mexico
#9
Laura Montesi
Rural women in Southern Mexico link their diabetes to distressful life experiences rooted in ordinary violence. While much has been written on the use that diabetes sufferers make of their morbid condition as an idiom of distress, I investigate the personal and social effects that such an idiom has on women. As I illustrate, diabetes reflects an ambivalence that helps women to speak about the unspeakable and, at the same time, reinforces their ideas of culpability, namely that they are to blame for both the gendered violence that they endure and the diabetes from which they suffer...
April 14, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409647/cultural-attitudes-towards-postpartum-depression-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#10
Anaise Williams, Malabika Sarker, Syeda Tahmina Ferdous
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, yet in many cultures it remains unaddressed and unacknowledged. Postpartum depression is particularly delicate because of its association with gender and expectations of motherhood. This ethnographic study in Dhaka, Bangladesh sought to understand local perceptions of postpartum depression and cultural influences around mental health care seeking. The results describe the role of culture and stigma in the conceptualization of mental health within both the community and medical spheres...
April 14, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406330/precarity-and-preparedness-non-adherence-as-institutional-work-in-diagnosing-and-treating-malaria-in-uganda
#11
René Umlauf
Access to anti-malarial drugs is increasingly governed by novel regulation technologies like Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs). However, high-rates of non-adherence particularly to negative RDT results have been reported, threatening the cost-effectiveness of the two interrelated goals of improving diagnosis and reducing the over-prescription of expensive anti-malarial drugs. Below I set out to reconstruct prior treatment forms like presumptive treatment of malaria by paying particular attention to their institutional groundings...
April 13, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402135/careful-words-nursing-language-and-emotion-in-papua-new-guinea
#12
Barbara Andersen
Papua New Guinean nurses work in a sociomedical system in which cultural and linguistic diversity are matters of pressing concern. Using data drawn from ethnographic research with PNG nursing students, I show how nursing education socializes nurses to take stances toward language and communication that impact their care practices. I argue that nurses' use of language is shaped by their ethical commitments as educated Christians and indigenous concerns about the links between language, emotion, and health. In a resource-poor setting where health workers risk blame for structural inequalities, this "ethical metapragmatics" is an important but neglected facet of care work...
April 12, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402134/cultivating-the-therapeutic-self-in-china
#13
Li Zhang
Facing intensified market competition and rapid social change, many Chinese are experiencing increased mental distress. In this article, I examine how psychological training and interventions play a vital part in cultivating a new self among urban middle-classes. I ask how the Chinese notion, ziwo (self), is turned into an object of intense inquiry and how therapeutic techniques are deployed for self-development. The new forms of the self, however, continue to intersect with and complicate the existing social nexus, cultural sensibilities, and notions of personhood...
April 12, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394640/data-performativity-performing-health-work-malaria-and-labor-in-senegal
#14
Marlee Tichenor
In this article, I investigate the ramifications of health data production in the health fight against malaria in and around Dakar, Senegal. Malaria health development funding at the community level is contingent on performativity; the Global Fund's "performance-based funding," for example, requires that local actors produce certain forms of evidence and that intermediaries synthesize this evidence into citable data. Analyzing the practices of diagnosis and approximation in health clinics and in global malaria documents, I argue that data production in Senegal is conditioned by and reifies preconceived notions of malaria as a problem addressable by the enumeration of technological fixes...
April 10, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394638/bio-media-citizenship-and-chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-etiology-in-sri-lanka
#15
M W Amarasiri de Silva
In this article, I examine the crucial role of the biomedical industry, epidemiological and biomedical research, and the media in forming attitudes to and the understanding of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka. Local conceptions of CKDu have been shaped by the circulation in the media of epidemiological research findings pertaining to the disease, biomedical interventions in the management of the disease in hospitals and clinics, community programs involving mass blood surveys and the testing of well water, and local food and health education programs carried out through village health committees...
April 10, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388227/the-social-lives-of-global-policies-against-malaria-conceptual-considerations-past-experiences-and-current-issues
#16
Julian Eckl
While a casual observer might easily get the impression that global policies against malaria have unanimous support, there are strongly divergent perspectives on malaria control. Analyzing ethnographic and historical material through a political science lens, I foreground the social negotiation of malaria both as an illness experience of affected populations and as a disease problem defined by experts. Taking the interrelationship between problems, solutions, and solution providers as a point of departure, I reconstruct recurrent tensions and social mechanisms that can account for the tendency to downplay conflicts and to produce technical-biomedical solutions that seem to be irresistible...
April 7, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379042/-not-taking-it-will-just-be-like-a-sin-young-people-living-with-hiv-and-the-stigmatization-of-less-than-perfect-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy
#17
Sarah Bernays, Sara Paparini, Janet Seeley, Tim Rhodes
Global health priorities are being set to address questions on adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy in adolescence. Few studies have explored young people's perspectives on the complex host of social and relational challenges they face in dealing with their treatment in secret and their condition in silence. In redressing this, we present findings from a longitudinal qualitative study with young people living with HIV in the UK, Ireland, US, and Uganda, embedded within the BREATHER international clinical trial...
April 5, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375646/careography-staff-experiences-of-navigating-decisions-in-neonatology-in-denmark
#18
Laura E Navne, Mette N Svendsen
In this article, we explore medical doctors' moral experiences of being responsible for decisions on the lives and sometimes deaths of infants in a Danish Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Drawing on fieldwork, we investigate how clinicians navigate the tension between exercising medical authority and enabling parental involvement in decisions. Introducing the term "careography", we call attention to how the doctors steer this tension through care for the infant, parents, colleagues, and society in ways that help them overcome moral ambivalences...
April 4, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328239/normal-modern-reconstructive-surgery-in-a-mexican-public-hospital
#19
Samuel Taylor-Alexander
A growing corpus of anthropological scholarship demonstrates how science and medicine in Mexico are imbued by national concerns with modernization. Drawing on ethnographic research in a public hospital located in the south of Mexico City, I unpack one manifestation of this dynamic, which is the conjugation of the normal and the modern in Mexican reconstructive surgery. The aspiration toward normality underlies everyday clinic practices and relationships in this field, including why parents want surgery for their children and how doctors see their patients and their responsibilities toward them...
March 22, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318308/the-anthropology-of-malaria-locating-the-social
#20
Clare I R Chandler, Uli Beisel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Medical Anthropology
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