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Cognitive Therapy and Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529394/positive-emotion-specificity-and-mood-symptoms-in-an-adolescent-outpatient-sample
#1
June Gruber, Anna Van Meter, Kirsten E Gilbert, Eric A Youngstrom, Jennifer Kogos Youngstrom, Norah C Feeny, Robert L Findling
Research on positive emotion disturbance has gained increasing attention, yet it is not clear which specific positive emotions are affected by mood symptoms, particularly during the critical period of adolescence. This is especially pertinent for identifying potential endophenotypic markers associated with mood disorder onset and course. The present study examined self-reported discrete positive and negative emotions in association with clinician-rated manic and depressive mood symptoms in a clinically and demographically diverse group of 401 outpatient adolescents between 11-18 years of age...
June 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579660/the-effects-of-psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-on-daily-mood-and-functioning-a-longitudinal-experience-sampling-study
#2
Kari M Eddington, Chris J Burgin, Paul J Silvia, Niloofar Fallah, Catherine Majestic, Thomas R Kwapil
Experience sampling methodology (ESM) was used in a randomized controlled trial of short-term therapy to examine changes in daily affect and reactivity to daily event appraisals among depressed patients. Fifty-five depressed adults (mean age 37 years, 80% female) were randomly assigned to one of two therapy conditions. Using an interactive voice response system, participants rated activities and emotional functioning eight times per day for seven days. Thirty-one participants completed treatment and repeated ESM post-treatment...
April 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579659/emotion-regulation-and-the-transdiagnostic-role-of-repetitive-negative-thinking-in-adolescents-with-social-anxiety-and-depression
#3
David H Klemanski, Joshua Curtiss, Katie A McLaughlin, Susan Nolen-Hoeksema
Social anxiety and depression are common mental health problems among adolescents and are frequently comorbid. Primary aims of this study were to (1) elucidate the nature of individual differences in specific emotion regulation deficits among adolescents with symptoms of social anxiety and depression, and (2) determine whether repetitive negative thinking (RNT) functions as a transdiagnostic factor. A diverse sample of adolescents (N = 1065) completed measures assessing emotion regulation and symptoms of social anxiety and depression...
April 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435174/therapist-training-on-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders-using-internet-based-technologies
#4
Kenneth A Kobak, Kate Wolitzky-Taylor, Michelle G Craske, Raphael D Rose
This study investigated a technology-enhanced training protocol to facilitate dissemination of therapist training on cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders. Seventy community clinicians received an online tutorial followed by live remote observation of clinical skills via videoconference. Impact of training on patient outcomes was also assessed. Training resulted in a significant increase in both trainee knowledge of CBT concepts and techniques and therapist competence in applying these skills...
April 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239215/the-techniques-for-overcoming-depression-questionnaire-mokken-scale-analysis-reliability-and-concurrent-validity-in-depressed-cardiac-patients
#5
Kenneth E Freedland, Mariantonia Lemos, Frank Doyle, Brian C Steinmeyer, Iris Csik, Robert M Carney
OBJECTIVES: The Techniques for Overcoming Depression (TOD) questionnaire assesses the frequency with which patients being treated for depression use cognitive-behavioral techniques in daily life. This study examined its latent structure, reliability and concurrent validity in depressed cardiac patients. METHOD: The TOD was administered at the initial and final treatment sessions in three trials of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) (n = 260) for depression in cardiac patients...
February 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216800/treatment-of-depression-from-a-self-regulation-perspective-basic-concepts-and-applied-strategies-in-self-system-therapy
#6
Timothy J Strauman, Kari M Eddington
Self-regulation models of psychopathology provide a theory-based, empirically supported framework for developing psychotherapeutic interventions that complement and extend current cognitive-behavioral models. However, many clinicians are only minimally familiar with the psychology of self-regulation. The aim of the present manuscript is twofold. First, we provide an overview of self-regulation as a motivational process essential to well-being and introduce two related theories of self-regulation which have been applied to depression...
February 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515542/the-role-of-cognitive-factors-in-childhood-social-anxiety-social-threat-thoughts-and-social-skills-perception
#7
Rianne E van Niekerk, Anke M Klein, Esther Allart-van Dam, Jennifer L Hudson, Mike Rinck, Giel J M Hutschemaekers, Eni S Becker
Models of cognitive processing in anxiety disorders state that socially anxious children display several distorted cognitive processes that maintain their anxiety. The present study investigated the role of social threat thoughts and social skills perception in relation to childhood trait and state social anxiety. In total, 141 children varying in their levels of social anxiety performed a short speech task in front of a camera and filled out self-reports about their trait social anxiety, state anxiety, social skills perception and social threat thoughts...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515541/automaticity-of-attentional-bias-to-threat-in-high-and-low-worriers
#8
Huw Goodwin, Claire Eagleson, Andrew Mathews, Jenny Yiend, Colette Hirsch
Individuals with high levels of worry are more likely than others to attend to possible threats, although the extent of top-down attentional control processes on this bias is unknown. We compared the performance of high (n = 26) and low worriers (n = 26) on a probe discrimination task designed to assess attention to threat cues, under cognitive load or no-load conditions. The expected difference between groups was confirmed, with high worriers being more likely to attend to threat cues than low worriers...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515540/opportunities-and-challenges-for-the-emerging-field-of-positive-emotion-regulation-a-commentary-on-the-special-edition-on-positive-emotions-and-cognitions-in-clinical-psychology
#9
EDITORIAL
Barnaby D Dunn
The importance of developing a better understanding of positive emotion regulation in both healthy and clinical populations is now recognised. This special edition brings together leading figures in the positive emotion regulation field and has contributions characterizing positive phenomena, differentiating them from negative phenomena, and evaluating underlying psychological mechanisms that drive these phenomena. This commentary reviews these articles to highlight challenges and opportunities for this emerging field, including the need to better characterize positive phenomena, to be more explicit about how the links between negative and positive phenomena are conceptualised, to evaluate more robustly underlying mechanisms, to standardize measurement of positive constructs, and to ensure that these scientific findings lead to meaningful changes in real-world policy and practice...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515539/why-does-positive-mental-health-buffer-against-psychopathology-an-exploratory-study-on-self-compassion-as-a-resilience-mechanism-and-adaptive-emotion-regulation-strategy
#10
Hester R Trompetter, Elian de Kleine, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
Growing evidence suggests that positive mental health or wellbeing protects against psychopathology. How and why those who flourish derive these resilient outcomes is, however, unknown. This exploratory study investigated if self-compassion, as it continuously provides a friendly, accepting and situational context for negative experiences, functions as a resilience mechanism and adaptive emotion regulation strategy that protects against psychopathology for those with high levels of positive mental health. Participants from the general population (n = 349) provided measures at one time-point on positive mental health (MHC-SF), self-compassion (SCS-SF), psychopathology (HADS) and negative affect (mDES)...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515538/effects-of-engaging-in-repeated-mental-imagery-of-future-positive-events-on-behavioural-activation-in-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Fritz Renner, Julie L Ji, Arnaud Pictet, Emily A Holmes, Simon E Blackwell
Depression is associated with decreased engagement in behavioural activities. A wide range of activities can be promoted by simulating them via mental imagery. Mental imagery of positive events could thus provide a route to increasing adaptive behaviour in depression. The current study tested whether repeated engagement in positive mental imagery led to increases in behavioural activation in participants with depression, using data from a randomized controlled trial (Blackwell et al. in Clin Psychol Sci 3(1):91-111, 2015...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344370/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-for-children-with-externalizing-behavior-and-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disabilities-a-randomized-trial
#12
Hilde Schuiringa, Maroesjka van Nieuwenhuijzen, Bram Orobio de Castro, John E Lochman, Walter Matthys
This study evaluated the effectiveness of Standing Strong Together (SST), a combined group based parent and child intervention for externalizing behavior in 9-16 year-old children with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities (MBID). Children with externalizing behavior and MBID (IQ from 55 to 85) (N = 169) were cluster randomly assigned to SST combined with care as usual or to care as usual only. SST led to a significant benefit on teacher reported but not on parent reported externalizing behavior. SST had significant effects on parent rated positive parenting and the parent-child relationship...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239214/mental-imagery-based-training-to-modify-mood-and-cognitive-bias-in-adolescents-effects-of-valence-and-perspective
#13
S Burnett Heyes, A Pictet, H Mitchell, S M Raeder, J Y F Lau, E A Holmes, S E Blackwell
Mental imagery has a powerful impact on emotion and cognitive processing in adults, and is implicated in emotional disorders. Research suggests the perspective adopted in mental imagery modulates its emotional impact. However, little is known about the impact of mental imagery in adolescence, despite adolescence being the key time for the onset of emotional dysfunction. We administered computerised positive versus mixed valence picture-word mental imagery training to male adolescent participants (N = 60, aged 11-16 years) across separate field and observer perspective sessions...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795599/mediators-and-moderators-of-a-school-based-cognitive-behavioral-depression-prevention-program
#14
Mylien T Duong, Brynn M Kelly, Wren L Haaland, Brandon Matsumiya, Stanley J Huey, Carolyn A McCarty
This study tested potential moderators and mediators of an indicated depression prevention program for middle school students, Positive Thoughts and Actions (PTA). Participants were 120 students randomly assigned to PTA, or a brief, individually administered supportive intervention (Individual Support Program, or ISP). Youths completed measures of depressive symptoms at baseline, post-intervention, and 12-month follow-up. Hierarchical regression was used to test three moderators-ethnic minority status, gender, and baseline depressive symptoms-and three mediators representing functional outcomes targeted by PTA-parent-child communication, attitude towards school, and health behavior...
October 2016: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795598/a-pilot-study-of-an-adaptive-idiographic-and-multi-component-attention-bias-modification-program-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#15
Nader Amir, Jennie M Kuckertz, Marlene V Strege
An attentional bias toward threat may be one mechanism underlying clinical anxiety. Attention bias modification (ABM) aims to reduce symptoms of anxiety disorders by directly modifying this deficit. However, existing ABM training programs have not consistently modified attentional bias and may not reflect optimal learning needs of participants (i.e., lack of explicit instruction, training goal unclear to participants, lack of feedback, non-adaptive, inability to differentiate or target different components of attentional bias)...
October 2016: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695146/stress-related-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-the-roles-of-rumination-and-depressive-symptoms-vary-by-gender
#16
Lillian Polanco-Roman, Judelysse Gomez, Regina Miranda, Elizabeth Jeglic
There is a growing body of literature suggesting that reactions to stressful life events, such as intrusive thoughts, physiological hyperarousal, and cognitive/behavioral avoidance (i.e., stress-related symptoms) may increase risk for thinking about and attempting suicide. Cognitive vulnerability models have identified rumination (i.e., perseverating on a negative mood) as a maladaptive response that may increase risk for suicidal behavior, as it has also been linked to depression. The present study examined the direct and indirect effects of stress-related symptoms on suicidal ideation through rumination and depressive symptoms...
October 2016: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616800/impulsivity-rejection-sensitivity-and-reactions-to-stressors-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Kathy R Berenson, Wesley Ellen Gregory, Erin Glaser, Aliza Romirowsky, Eshkol Rafaeli, Xiao Yang, Geraldine Downey
This research investigated baseline impulsivity, rejection sensitivity, and reactions to stressors in individuals with borderline personality disorder compared to healthy individuals and those with avoidant personality disorder. The borderline group showed greater impulsivity than the avoidant and healthy groups both in a delay-discounting task with real monetary rewards and in self-reported reactions to stressors; moreover, these findings could not be explained by co-occurring substance use disorders. Distress reactions to stressors were equally elevated in both personality disorder groups (relative to the healthy group)...
August 2016: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695145/childhood-maltreatment-exposure-and-disruptions-in-emotion-regulation-a-transdiagnostic-pathway-to-adolescent-internalizing-and-externalizing-psychopathology
#18
Charlotte Heleniak, Jessica L Jenness, Ann Vander Stoep, Elizabeth McCauley, Katie A McLaughlin
Child maltreatment is a robust risk factor for internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in children and adolescents. We examined the role of disruptions in emotion regulation processes as a developmental mechanism linking child maltreatment to the onset of multiple forms of psychopathology in adolescents. Specifically, we examined whether child maltreatment was associated with emotional reactivity and maladaptive cognitive and behavioral responses to distress, including rumination and impulsive behaviors, in two separate samples...
June 2016: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660375/impact-of-comorbid-depressive-disorders-on-subjective-and-physiological-responses-to-emotion-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#19
Saren H Seeley, Douglas S Mennin, Amelia Aldao, Katie A McLaughlin, Jonathan Rottenberg, David M Fresco
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and unipolar depressive disorders (UDD) have been shown to differ from each other in dimensions of affective functioning despite their high rates of comorbidity. We showed emotional film clips to a community sample (n = 170) with GAD, GAD with secondary UDD, or no diagnosis. Groups had comparable subjective responses to the clips, but the GAD group had significantly lower heart rate variability (HRV) during fear and after sadness, compared to controls. While HRV in the GAD and control groups rose in response to the sadness and happiness clips, it returned to baseline levels afterwards in the GAD group, potentially indicating lesser ability to sustain attention on emotional stimuli...
June 2016: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524846/emotion-regulation-a-transdiagnostic-perspective-on-a-new-rdoc-domain
#20
Katya C Fernandez, Hooria Jazaieri, James J Gross
It is widely agreed that emotion regulation plays an important role in many psychological disorders. We make the case that emotion regulation is in fact a key transdiagnostic factor, using the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) as an organizing framework. In particular, we first consider how transdiagnostic and RDoC approaches have extended categorical views. Next, we examine links among emotion generation, emotion regulation, and psychopathology, with particular attention to key emotion regulation stages including identification, strategy selection, implementation, and monitoring...
June 2016: Cognitive Therapy and Research
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