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Tao He, Didier Surdez, Juha K Rantala, Saija Haapa-Paananen, Jozef Ban, Maximilian Kauer, Eleni Tomazou, Vidal Fey, Javier Alonso, Heinrich Kovar, Olivier Delattre, Kristiina Iljin
A translocation leading to the formation of an oncogenic EWS-ETS fusion protein defines Ewing sarcoma. The most frequent gene fusion, present in 85 percent of Ewing sarcomas, is EWS-FLI1. Here, a high-throughput RNA interference screen was performed to identify genes whose function is critical for EWS-FLI1 driven cell viability. In total, 6781 genes were targeted by siRNA molecules and the screen was performed both in presence and absence of doxycycline-inducible expression of the EWS-FLI1 shRNA in A673/TR/shEF Ewing sarcoma cells...
October 16, 2016: Gene
Fen Wei, Jie Chen, Xinye Chen, Baolong Bao
Flatfish with left-right eye asymmetry are the most significant among vertebrates. However, the genetic basis for the control of this characteristic is still unclear. We propose that the gene(s) for eye asymmetry initially control minor differences in cell number in the tissues around the eyes during development. This minor difference is then amplified, causing eye migration during metamorphosis. Therefore, comparing the neurula transcriptomes between flatfish species with different eye-reversal mutants may provide very useful information to screen for genes involved in eye asymmetry...
October 14, 2016: Gene
Guoyun Zhang, Aiguo Duan, Jianguo Zhang, Caiyun He
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are >200nt longer transcripts, potentially play important roles in almost all biological processes in plants and mammals. However, the functions and profiles of lncRNAs in fruit is less understood. Therefore, it is urgent and necessary to identify and analyze the functions of lncRNAs in sea buckthorns. Using RNA-sequencing, we synthetically identified lncRNAs in mature fruit from the red and yellow sea buckthorn. We obtained 567,778,938 clean reads from six samples and identified 3428 lncRNAs in mature fruit, including 2498 intergenic lncRNAs, 593 anti-sense lncRNAs, and 337 intronic lncRNAs...
October 14, 2016: Gene
Mohammad Reza Safari, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Rezvan Noroozi, Arezou Sayad, Mir Davood Omrani, Alireza Komaki, Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian, Mohammad Taheri
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders associated with immune system dysregulation. There are supporting evidences for the role of Forkhead Box P3 (FOXP3) gene as a lineage specification factor of regulatory T cells in the pathogenesis of ASD. The aim of this study was to explore possible relationship between genetic variants rs2232365 and rs3761548 of FOXP3 and ASD in 523 ASD patients versus 472 control individuals. Allele frequency analyses showed significant overpresentation of rs2232365-G allele in cases versus controls...
October 14, 2016: Gene
So-Jeong Lee, Eun-Hye Lee, Seung-Yoon Park, Jung-Eun Kim
Osteoporosis is the most common age-related bone disease that is characterized by an imbalance between osteoblasts for bone formation and osteoclasts for bone resorption. Anti-catabolic drugs have been developed to inhibit osteoclast activity and to prevent bone loss in osteoporosis. However, because it is difficult to increase bone mass in osteoporotic bone, it would be beneficial to simultaneously enhance osteoblast function and thus form bone. Osterix (Osx) is an essential transcription factor for osteoblast differentiation...
October 14, 2016: Gene
Hongyu Shen, Dandan Wang, Liangpeng Li, Sujin Yang, Xiu Chen, Siying Zhou, Shanliang Zhong, Jianhua Zhao, Jinhai Tang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acquisition of resistance to adriamycin (ADR) is one of the most important clinical obstacles in the treatment of breast cancer, but the molecular mechanisms underlying sensitivity to ADR remain elusive. In our previous study, through miRNA microarray and experiments, we have emphasized that miR-222 could promote the ADR-resistance in breast cancer cells. The aim of this study was to explore the possible mechanism by which miR-222 affects sensitivity to ADR. METHODS: Through pathway enrichment analyses for miR-222, we found that PTEN/Akt/FOXO1 signaling pathway may be of importance...
October 13, 2016: Gene
Xiu Chen, Peng Lu, Dan-Dan Wang, Su-Jin Yang, Ying Wu, Hong-Yu Shen, Shan-Liang Zhong, Jian-Hua Zhao, Jin-Hai Tang
PURPOSE: Chemoresistance mediated by miRNAs in breast cancer have been already validated by previous studies in vitro, while little is known concerning the expression of them in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-222, miR-29a, miR-34a, miR-130a, miR-90b, miR-200b, miR-452, miR-197, miR-138, miR-210, miR-423, miR-4298, miR-4644, miR-139, miR-1246, miR-1268a, miR-140, miR-149, miR-3178, miR-3613, miR-4258, miR-574, miR-671, miR-6780b, miR-7107, miR-744 and miR-7847 linked to drug resistance in breast cancer formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues and the association of prognosis with miRNAs, thus providing effective targets in chemotherapy, as well as potential biomarkers for guiding effective treatments of breast cancer...
October 13, 2016: Gene
Sherihan Adel, Amal Mansour, Manal Louka, M Matboli, F Elmekkawi S, Nahed Swelam
BACKGROUND: The precise origin of Pre-eclampsia (PE) remains elusive. Multiple pieces of evidence support the existence of hypoxia in PE. MiRNA-210 (miR-210), which is induced by Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1α (HIF-1α) during hypoxia, is one of the most hypoxia sensitive miRNAs. MiR-210 mediates these functions by regulating a lot of target mRNAs. Protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) was one of miR-210 targets and was found to be down regulated by hypoxia. OBJECTIVE: to assess the levels of relative expression of miR-210 and its target PTPN2 in Egyptian women with PE...
October 13, 2016: Gene
Cristina Silva Meira-Strejevitch, Vera Lucia Pereira-Chioccola, Marta Marques Maia, Daise Damaris Carnietto de Hipólito, Hui-Tzu Lin Wang, Gabriela Motoie, Aparecida Helena de Souza Gomes, Cristina Takami Kanamura, Roosecelis Brasil Martines, Cinara Cássia Brandão de Mattos, Fábio Batista Frederico, Luiz Carlos de Mattos, Cinara Cássia Brandão de Mattos, Fábio Batista Frederico, Rubens Camargo Siqueira, Mariana Previato, Amanda Pires Barbosa, Fernando Henrique Antunes Murata
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at
October 12, 2016: Gene
Kristy Zera, Rebecca Sweet, Jason Zastre
Ensuring continuous intracellular supply of thiamine is essential to maintain metabolism. Cellular homeostasis requires the function of the membrane bound thiamine transporters THTR1 and THTR2. In the absence of increased dietary intake of thiamine, varying intracellular levels to meet metabolic demands during pathophysiological stressors, such as hypoxia, requires adaptive regulatory mechanisms to increase thiamine transport capacity. Previous work has established the up-regulation of SLC19A3 (THTR2) gene expression and activity during hypoxic stress through the activity of the hypoxia inducible transcription factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α)...
October 12, 2016: Gene
Xin Yin, Su-Su Zheng, Lan Zhang, Xiao-Ying Xie, Yan Wang, Bo-Heng Zhang, Weizhong Wu, Shuangjian Qiu, Zheng-Gang Ren
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most prevalent and malignant type of liver cancer. Besides the high incidence, the resistance to chemotherapy is a major problem that leads to the high mortality of HCC. Recently, aberrant expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been considered as a primary feature of many types of cancer. However, the genome-wide expression pattern and associated functional implications of lncRNAs in chemo-resistant HCC cells remain unknown. In this study, we identified 120 differentially expressed lncRNAs with 61 up-regulated and 59 down-regulated (fold change>2, p<0...
October 8, 2016: Gene
Ying Xiong, Te Liu, Suwei Wang, Huiying Chi, Chuan Chen, Jin Zheng
The dysfunction of ovarian granulosa cells (OGCs) directly affects the premature ovarian failure (POF). In vivo experiments showed that cyclophosphamide significantly induced mouse ovarian atrophy and proliferation inhibition of OGCs. The expressions of p53, p66Shc and p16 were significantly higher in OGCs of the cyclophosphamide treatment group. MTT assay showed that cyclophosphamide effectively inhibited the proliferation of OGCs in vitro. SA-β-Gal staining showed that the OGCs in the cyclophosphamide treatment group had many senescent cells...
October 8, 2016: Gene
Amer Sehic, Amela Tulek, Cuong Khuu, Minou Nirvani, Lars Peter Sand, Tor Paaske Utheim
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding RNAs that provide an efficient pathway for regulation of gene expression at a post-transcriptional level. Tooth development is regulated by a complex network of cell-cell signaling during all steps of organogenesis. Most of the congenital dental defects in humans are caused by mutations in genes involved in developmental regulatory networks. Whereas the developmental morphological stages of the tooth development already are thoroughly documented, the implicated genetic network is still under investigation...
October 7, 2016: Gene
Akira Hanashima, Ken Hashimoto, Yoshihiro Ujihara, Takeshi Honda, Tomoko Yobimoto, Aya Kodama, Satoshi Mohri
Connectin, also called titin, is the largest protein with a critical function as a molecular spring during contraction and relaxation of striated muscle; its mutation leads to severe myopathy and cardiomyopathy. To uncover the cause of this pathogenesis, zebrafish have recently been used as disease models because they are easier to genetically modify than mice. Although the gene structures and putative primary structures of zebrafish connectin have been determined, the actual primary structures of zebrafish connectin in heart and skeletal muscles remain unclear because of its large size and the PCR amplification-associated difficulties...
October 7, 2016: Gene
Qinglin Zhang, Zhi Liang, Yongxiang Gao, Maikun Teng, Liwen Niu
It has been reported that tumor growth and proliferation correspond to mitochondrial dysfunction and that the tumor cellular microenvironment plays a key role in tumor progression, representing an area that might be manipulated to confer therapeutic anti-tumor benefits. In this article, we have identified mitochondrial genes, largely nuclear-encoded genes, which are differentially expressed in breast cancer epithelial and stromal cells compared to cells from normal breast tissues. We determined that gene expression of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain complex I and IV and ATP synthesis were reduced in both in epithelial and stromal cancer cells compared to normal breast cells...
October 6, 2016: Gene
Vanessa Gonçalves Pereira, Matheus Trovão de Queiroz, Vânia D'Almeida
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is caused by deficiency of α-l-iduronidase, involved in degradation of glycosaminoglycans. Clinical manifestations are widely variable and patients with severe phenotype present developmental delay and cognitive decline, among other systemic alterations. MPS I patients present secondary accumulation of gangliosides in neuronal cells, besides accumulation of undegraded glycosaminoglycans. Reduction of Neu1 expression has been previously observed in the cerebellum of MPS I mice; to be active, neuraminidase 1 forms the lysosomal multienzyme complex (LMC) with two other proteins, β-galactosidase and protective protein/cathepsin A, involved in stepwise degradation of gangliosides in the lysosomes...
October 6, 2016: Gene
Hui Zhang, Chuanchao Zhang, Jinting Yan, Zhongshuai Sun, Shuhui Song, Yazhou Sun, Caixia Guo
Spermatogenesis is threatened by DNA alkylating agents, one major category of DNA damaging agents. Currently, little is known about the alterations in transcriptome profiling of the mouse spermatogenic cells in response to DNA alkylation at distinct stages of spermatogenesis. In this study, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed in pachytene spermatocytes (PS) and round spermatids (RS) at 0 or 30min following Methyl Methanesulfonate (MMS) treatment and with untreated controls. A large number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by comparison of the three groups in PS and RS, respectively...
October 5, 2016: Gene
Shizhi Wang, Xiaoli Cao, Bo Ding, Jinfeng Chen, Mengjing Cui, Yuling Xu, Xiaoyun Lu, Zhengdong Zhang, Aiqin He, Hua Jin
Genetic variants in miRNAs have attracted more and more attention these years because they are capable of altering miRNA function and/or expression, consequently affecting downstream biological pathways and disease risk. The rs767649 polymorphism, locating in the promoter of miR-155, was recently reported to be able to alter transcriptional activity of miR-155 and relate to lung cancer risk. In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between rs767649 and cervical cancer (CC) risk. We investigated the association of rs767649 with CC risk in a two-stage case-control study with 1157 cases and 1280 controls...
October 4, 2016: Gene
Li Ding, Wenjia Li, Jicheng Liao
Cricetulus migratorius is widely distributed in the northwestern arid regions of China. Here, the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of C. migratorius is reported, to our knowledge, for the first time. It was found to be 16,246bp in length, including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and one control region, and showed characteristics typical of the vertebrate mitogenome. Comparative analyses of mitogenomes of Cricetulus species showed that hamster mitogenomes had the same arrangement and organizational structure...
October 4, 2016: Gene
Mehmet Ulas Cinar, Michelle R Mousel, Lynn M Herrmann-Hoesing, J Bret Taylor, Stephen N White
BACKGROUND: The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is an organized cluster of tightly linked vertebrate genes with immunological and non-immunological functions. While the important MHC gene DRB1 has been examined in regard to many sheep infectious disease traits, only one study, based on microsatellite markers, has previously examined DRB1 and sheep production traits. Furthermore, to our knowledge no studies have examined DRB1 relationship with lifetime ewe prolificacy traits. Therefore, we analyzed association between the presence of DRB1 SNP haplotypes with internationally recognized standard names and production traits including growth and lifetime prolificacy in 370 Rambouillet, Columbia, and Polypay sheep...
October 4, 2016: Gene
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