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American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689186/a-call-to-reexamine-quality-of-life-through-relationship-based-feeding
#1
Patricia A Henton
Feeding interventions that support family relationships enhance children's daily participation in meaningful occupations at home. A critical review of the literature yielded several premises that support the development of a relationship-based feeding framework. The proposed theoretical framework, based on the Biopsychosocial Model of Pediatric Feeding (Berlin, Davies, Lobato, & Silverman, 2009) and the Ecological Model of Occupation (Dunn, Brown, & Youngstrom, 2003), is presented to guide feeding interventions for children with significant feeding difficulties...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689185/implementation-intentions-for-self-selected-occupational-therapy-goals-two-case-reports
#2
Mary Vining Radomski, Gordon Giles, Marsha Finkelstein, Jenny Owens, Mark Showers, Joette Zola
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the feasibility of an intervention combining metacognitive strategy instruction (MSI) with training in implementation intentions for adults with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Implementation intentions are written premade decision statements specifying when, where, and how goal behaviors are to be enacted. METHOD: Two participants with mTBI received a six-session intervention that included setting a daily implementation intention for an occupational therapy goal...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689184/development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-dual-task-screen-in-healthy-adolescents
#3
Jaclyn Stephens, Rachel Nicholson, Beth Slomine, Stacy Suskauer
Athletes with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) should refrain from high-risk activities until recovered (symptom free and cognitive and physical exam findings normalize). Studies have suggested that this examination may not be sufficiently sensitive because dual-task paradigms, which typically assess motor performance while a person simultaneously completes a distractor task, can detect residual deficits in athletes who otherwise appear recovered from mTBI. Paradigms used to date are time-intensive procedures conducted in laboratory settings...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689183/manual-feeding-device-experiences-of-people-with-a-neurodisability
#4
Anne Mandy, Tara Sims, Graham Stew, Dominic Onions
OBJECTIVE: Neurological bilateral upper limb weakness can result in self-feeding difficulties and reliance on care providers. Mealtimes become time consuming and frustrating. In this exploratory inquiry, we examined the experiences of users of a feeding device. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were either conducted by telephone or administered via email to explore quality of life, changes to independence, benefits and limitations, and psychological impact of the equipment...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689182/occupational-therapy-for-nonoperative-four-part-proximal-humerus-fracture-a-case-report
#5
William P Finley, Steve Van Lew
OBJECTIVE: Proximal humerus fractures are highly traumatic and debilitating. Surgical fixation may be contraindicated in older clients, thus requiring a systematic rehabilitation protocol. These clients may suffer loss of independence and require long-term assistance if not treated properly. METHOD: In this case report, we describe the occupation-based conservative rehabilitation of a retired male client after a four-part proximal humerus fracture. Outcome measurements used were the QuickDASH, the Numeric Rating Scale for Pain, goniometric measurements, and manual muscle testing...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689181/functional-capacity-and-self-esteem-of-people-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Sandra Martina Espín-Tello, Heather Olivia Dickinson, Manuel Bueno-Lozano, María Teresa Jiménez-Bernadó, Ana Luisa Caballero-Navarro
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether functional capacity predicts self-esteem in people with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study of 108 people with CP, ages 16-65 yr, who were residents of Spain. Self-esteem was captured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and functional capacity using the Barthel Index (BI). Sociodemographic characteristics were recorded. The relationship between the RSES score and the BI score was analyzed using linear regression...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689180/occupational-therapy-in-an-intensive-comprehensive-aphasia-program-performance-and-satisfaction-outcomes
#7
Anne A Escher, Aditi M Amlani, Angela M Viani, Sue Berger
In this study, we examined the effectiveness of a community-based, occupational therapy intervention situated within an intensive comprehensive aphasia program (ICAP). Occupational therapy interventions addressed goals of participants with chronic stroke and aphasia for improving their satisfaction with and performance of instrumental activities of daily living, social participation, leisure, work, and volunteer activities. Over 3 yr, 19 people with chronic stroke and aphasia participated in a month-long, intensive, interprofessional, community-based program...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689179/effects-of-somatosensory-impairment-on-participation-after-stroke
#8
Leeanne M Carey, Thomas A Matyas, Carolyn Baum
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the effect of loss of body sensation on activity participation in stroke survivors. METHOD: Participants (N = 268) were assessed at hospital admission for somatosensory and motor impairment using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale. Participation was assessed using the Activity Card Sort (ACS) in the postacute phase. Between-group differences in activity participation were analyzed for participants with and without somatosensory impairment and with or without paresis...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689178/gender-differences-in-psychosocial-and-physical-outcomes-in-haitian-amputees
#9
Pey-Shan Wen, Marilys G Randolph, Leonard Elbaum, Mario De la Rosa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the gender differences in psychosocial and physical outcomes in users of lower-extremity prostheses who became amputees after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. METHOD: We enrolled 140 unilateral amputees in this cross-sectional study in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Trained staff administered the assessments by reading the questions aloud to participants. Participants completed the Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales and Locomotor Capabilities Index about 2 yr after the earthquake...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689177/investigating-public-perception-of-occupational-therapy-an-environmental-scan-of-three-media-outlets
#10
Wendy E Walsh
Using a phenomenological approach, this study investigated visibility and perception of the profession of occupational therapy in three media outlets. Content analysis occurred on LexisNexis Academic (LNA), Google Images, and Twitter platforms. Analysis of LNA identified the prevalence of articles about occupational therapy in domestic newspapers and similar media avenues, MaxQDA qualitative software coded Google Images from a search on occupational therapy, and AnalyzeWords evaluated Twitter feeds of four health care professions for presence and tone in a social media context...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689176/addressing-sex-in-occupational-therapy-a-coconstructed-autoethnography
#11
Natalie Rose, Claire Hughes
Occupational therapy practitioners generally agree that sex is a meaningful occupation and should be part of the rehabilitation process; however, there has been reluctance to include clients' sexual concerns in practice. To explore how occupational therapy is addressing clients' sexual concerns, we (one author with a professional background in occupational therapy and the other who is a consumer of occupational therapy services) used a coconstructed autoethnographic approach that involved shared reflection between us...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689175/older-manufacturing-workers-and-adaptation-to-age-related-changes
#12
Martha J Sanders
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the age-related changes, adaptations, and contexts that support older workers in the manufacturing sector. METHOD: In a multiple-case study, 10 older workers from two manufacturing companies completed the Job Content Questionnaire, Health and Productivity Questionnaire, and semistructured interviews and underwent task observations for 8 hr over 4 mo. RESULTS: Age-related changes affecting job tasks included near vision, upper extremity strength, grip strength, joint stiffness, and endurance...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689174/the-comfortable-cafeteria-program-for-promoting-student-participation-and-enjoyment-an-outcome-study
#13
Susan Bazyk, Louise Demirjian, Frances Horvath, Lauri Doxsey
A mixed-methods design was used to explore the outcomes of a 6-wk, occupational therapist-led Comfortable Cafeteria program designed to build cafeteria supervisors' and students' capacity to create a positive mealtime environment so that all students can successfully participate in and enjoy a healthy meal and socialization with peers. Students whose scores were in the low and mid-range at the outset had statistically significant improvements in pretest-posttest visual analog scale ratings of participation and enjoyment...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689173/comparison-of-children-with-and-without-adhd-on-a-new-pictorial-self-assessment-of-executive-functions
#14
Ruthie Traub Bar-Ilan, Noa Cohen, Adina Maeir
OBJECTIVE: We examined the Pictorial Interview of Children's Metacognition and Executive Functions' (PIC-ME's) reliability and validity, targeting children's appraisal of their executive function (EF) in daily life. METHOD: One hundred children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and 44 typically developing children (ages 5-10 yr) completed the PIC-ME. Parents completed the PIC-ME and Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF). RESULTS: Cronbach's α for the child PIC-ME was ...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689172/relationship-between-sensory-processing-and-participation-in-daily-occupations-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-studies-that-used-dunn-s-sensory-processing-framework
#15
Noor Ismael, Lisa Mische Lawson, Julie Hartwell
Research measuring sensory processing in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has shown variability in terms of measures used and participant ages, contributing to difficulty in interpreting and summarizing the findings of these studies. In an attempt to clarify the status of the literature, we conducted a systematic review of studies that focused on participation in daily occupations and evaluated sensory processing in children with ASD aged 5-13 yr using Dunn's sensory processing framework. Evidence from 7 studies shows that sensory processing has a significant impact on participation in daily life of children with ASD...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689171/sensory-based-approaches-in-intervention-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-influences-on-occupational-therapists-recommendations-and-perceived-benefits
#16
Sandra Thompson-Hodgetts, Joyce Magill-Evans
OBJECTIVE: We investigated factors that influenced occupational therapists' beliefs about and use of sensory-based approaches for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: Occupational therapists working with children with ASD (N = 211 from 16 countries) completed an online survey addressing their work experience, training, use of sensory-based approaches, and beliefs and perceptions about the effects of the approaches. Linear regression was used to determine predictors of use of and beliefs about sensory-based approaches...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689170/curriculum-based-handwriting-programs-a-systematic-review-with-effect-sizes
#17
Courtney Engel, Kristin Lillie, Sarah Zurawski, Brittany G Travers
Challenges with handwriting can have a negative impact on academic performance, and these challenges are commonly addressed by occupational therapy practitioners in school settings. This systematic review examined the efficacy of curriculum-based interventions to address children's handwriting difficulties in the classroom (preschool to second grade). We reviewed and computed effect sizes for 13 studies (11 Level II, 2 Level III) identified through a comprehensive database search. The evidence shows that curriculum-based handwriting interventions resulted in small- to medium-sized improvements in legibility, a commonly reported challenge in this age group...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689169/occupational-therapy-and-primary-care-updates-and-trends
#18
Ashley D Halle, Tracy M Mroz, Donald J Fogelberg, Natalie E Leland
As our health care system continues to change, so do the opportunities for occupational therapy. This article provides an update to a 2012 Health Policy Perspectives on this topic. We identify new initiatives and opportunities in primary care, explore common challenges to integrating occupational therapy in primary care environments, and highlight international works that can support our efforts. We conclude by discussing next steps for occupational therapy practitioners in order to continue to progress our efforts in primary care...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426395/research-opportunities-in-the-area-of-adults-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-neurocognitive-disorders
#19
(no author information available yet)
The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) Evidence-Based Practice Project has developed a table summarizing the research opportunities for adults with Alzheimer's disease and related major neurocognitive disorders. The table provides an overview of the state of current available evidence on interventions within the scope of occupational therapy practice and is based on the systematic reviews from the AOTA Practice Guidelines Series. Researchers, clinicians, and students can use this information in developing innovative research to answer important questions within the occupational therapy field...
March 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426394/feasibility-of-a-manualized-occupation-based-diabetes-management-intervention
#20
Kristine M Carandang, Elizabeth A Pyatak
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the feasibility and acceptability of an occupational therapy intervention targeting diabetes management for underserved young adults. METHOD: Eight participants completed the intervention and a battery of assessments at baseline and after the intervention. At completion, the participants and occupational therapist were interviewed about their experiences with the study. Four categories of assessment questions were used to guide the study: process, resource, management, and scientific...
March 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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