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American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809665/masthead
#1
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September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809664/occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-cancer
#2
Brent Braveman, Elizabeth G Hunter, Jennifer Nicholson, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman
This Evidence Connection describes a case report of a man with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who underwent an allogenic stem cell transplant. The occupational therapy assessment and treatment processes for an outpatient rehabilitation setting are described. Evidence Connection articles provide a clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's Evidence-Based Practice Project.
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809663/promoting-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-people-with-stroke
#3
Ryan R Bailey
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity is high in people with stroke. Risk factors for these conditions include hypertension, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity. These risk factors are common in people with stroke and often go unmanaged. Engagement in healthy behaviors is important for managing and preventing these risk factors and comorbid conditions. More specifically, physical activity and nutrition are key health behaviors for the management and maintenance of health in people with stroke...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809662/adult-age-and-cultural-differences-in-performance-on-the-weekly-calendar-planning-activity-wcpa
#4
Joan Toglia, Orit Lahav, Eynat Ben Ari, Rachel Kizony
OBJECTIVE: We compared performance on a cognitively demanding task, the Weekly Calendar Planning Activity, of participants in three age groups and two countries (United States and Israel). METHOD: A sample of 375 U.S. and 433 Israeli healthy adults participated. During the activity, participants were observed for speed, accuracy, strategy use, and efficiency. RESULTS: Accuracy scores were similar in both countries; however, Israeli participants were slower and less efficient (p < ...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809661/international-educational-interactions-and-students-critical-consciousness-a-pilot-study
#5
Rebecca M Aldrich, Lenin C Grajo
Online technologies facilitate connections between students around the world, but their impact on occupational science and occupational therapy students' critical consciousness about culture is underexplored. In this article we present research on five groups of occupational science and occupational therapy students across two cohorts at one Midwestern university. We used a pretest-posttest group design and the Multicultural Experiences Questionnaire to investigate the potential influence of students' exposure to international educational interactions on their multicultural experiences and desires...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809660/longitudinal-study-of-changes-in-occupational-therapy-students-perspectives-on-frames-of-reference
#6
Brittany Hoffer Nash, Anita Witt Mitchell
We explored students' views of the value of frames of reference (FoR) as they progressed through the didactic portion of an occupational therapy program. Thirty-four occupational therapy students were provided with a definition of FoR and asked to provide overall thoughts and impressions about FoR and their value 4 times over a period of 15 mo. Data were analyzed using phenomenological traditions, including open coding and analysis of themes. Throughout the program, students' understanding of how to use FoR evolved as they learned to implement them in practice...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809659/examining-sensory-overresponsiveness-in-preschool-children-with-retentive-fecal-incontinence
#7
Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille, Shelly J Lane
The development of bowel control is an important activity of daily living in early childhood, and challenges in this area can limit participation in key occupations. Retentive fecal incontinence (RFI) is a common disorder in children. Up to 50% of children do not respond adequately to initial medical intervention, and behaviors around toileting, some related to sensory overresponsivity (SOR), may be partly responsible. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between RFI and SOR and also examined the discriminative validity of the Toileting Habit Profile Questionnaire (THPQ)...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809658/impact-of-the-cognitive-functional-cog-fun-intervention-on-executive-functions-and-participation-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Jeri Hahn-Markowitz, Itai Berger, Iris Manor, Adina Maeir
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effect of the Cognitive-Functional (Cog-Fun) occupational therapy intervention on executive functions and participation among children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: We used a randomized, controlled study with a crossover design. One hundred and seven children age 7-10 yr diagnosed with ADHD were allocated to treatment or wait-list control group. The control group received treatment after a 3-mo wait. Outcome measures included the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809657/everyday-technology-use-related-to-activity-involvement-among-people-in-cognitive-decline
#9
Annicka Hedman, Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp
OBJECTIVE: We investigated how everyday technology use related to activity involvement over 5 yr in people with mild cognitive impairment. METHOD: Thirty-seven older adults with mild cognitive impairment were evaluated regarding everyday technology use and involvement in activities over time. Information on diagnostic changes was collected from medical files. Linear mixed-effects models were used in data analysis. RESULTS: Ability to use everyday technology showed a significant effect on activity involvement (p = ...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809656/animal-assisted-therapies-and-dementia-a-systematic-mapping-review-using-the-lived-environment-life-quality-lelq-model
#10
Wendy Wood, Beth Fields, Michelle Rose, Merinda McLure
OBJECTIVE: The authors mapped the literature on animal-assisted therapies (AATs) and institutionalized adults with dementia onto the Lived Environment Life Quality (LELQ) Model as a guide for future services and research. METHOD: Refereed literature addressing AATs and institutionalized people with dementia was comprehensively gathered, described, categorized, and synthesized in this systematic mapping review. RESULTS: From 1,342 screened records, the authors included 10 research articles that incorporated dogs in therapy for institutionalized adults with dementia...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809655/assistive-technology-addressing-safety-issues-in-dementia-a-scoping-review
#11
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Annick Bourget, Stéphanie Stocco, Annie-Claude Lemieux Courchesne, Nicolas Kuhne, Véronique Provencher
Safety is an issue for older adults with dementia because they are at risk for various incidents. Intelligent assistive technology (IAT) may mitigate risks while promoting independence and reducing the impact on the caregiver of supporting a relative with dementia. The aim of this scoping review was to describe IATs and to identify factors to consider when selecting one. A systematic search was performed of the scientific and gray literature published between 2000 and 2015. A total of 31 sources were included...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809654/family-caregiver-training-program-fctp-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Kristin Winston, Sandra L Winkler, Mary L Donovan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Family Caregiver Training Program (FCTP) for caregivers of people with dementia. METHOD: A random assignment control group research design with a 3-mo follow-up was implemented. RESULTS: Thirty-six family caregivers of people with dementia demonstrated an increase in activity of daily living (ADL) knowledge (p < .001) and maintenance of that knowledge 3 mo posttest...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809653/effectiveness-of-environment-based-interventions-that-address-behavior-perception-and-falls-in-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#13
Lou Jensen, René Padilla
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of environment-based interventions that address behavior, perception, and falls in the home and other settings for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related major neurocognitive disorders (NCDs). METHOD: Database searches were limited to outcomes studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 2006 and April 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,854 articles were initially identified, of which 42 met inclusion criteria...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809652/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-caregivers-of-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#14
Catherine Verrier Piersol, Kerry Canton, Susan E Connor, Ilana Giller, Stacy Lipman, Suzanne Sager
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the evidence review was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for caregivers of people with Alzheimer's disease and related major neurocognitive disorders that facilitate the ability to maintain participation in the caregiver role. METHOD: Scientific literature published in English between January 2006 and April 2014 was reviewed. Databases included MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809651/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-to-enhance-occupational-performance-for-adults-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#15
Stacy Smallfield, Cindy Heckenlaible
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions designed to establish, modify, and maintain occupations for adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related neurocognitive disorders. METHOD: Titles and abstracts of 2,597 articles were reviewed, of which 256 were retrieved for full review and 52 met inclusion criteria. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force levels of certainty and grade definitions were used to describe the strength of evidence...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809650/supporting-adults-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-and-their-caregivers-effective-occupational-therapy-interventions
#16
Stacy Smallfield
Occupational therapy practitioners play a significant role in supporting adults with Alzheimer's disease and related major neurocognitive disorders, as well as their caregivers, through all phases of the disease process. This editorial highlights the systematic reviews completed in collaboration with the American Occupational Therapy Association's Evidence-Based Practice Project that summarize the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions within the scope of occupational therapy practice for this population...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809649/linking-neuroscience-function-and-intervention-a-scoping-review-of-sensory-processing-and-mental-illness
#17
Antoine L Bailliard, Stephanie C Whigham
PURPOSE: Sensory approaches to mental illness are increasingly prominent in occupational therapy. Despite indicators of efficacy, a paucity of literature supports these approaches. This article provides a scoping review of research on the relationship between sensory processing and mental illness. METHOD: Using Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework, we mapped this area of research and identified gaps in the knowledge base. We searched PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Library using the terms sensory and mental health...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809648/systematic-review-of-occupational-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-addiction-models-practice-and-qualitative-and-quantitative-research
#18
Gloria Rojo-Mota, Eduardo J Pedrero-Pérez, Elisabet Huertas-Hoyas
OBJECTIVE: The authors conducted a systematic review of theoretical models, professional practice, and research findings to understand occupational therapy's role in the treatment of addiction. METHOD: PubMed, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, ERIC, OTseeker, and Google Scholar were searched to identify scientific journal articles, book chapters, or any other similar literature published from 1970 through July 2015 that addressed theoretical approaches, intervention models, and professional roles or were qualitative or quantitative studies in which occupational therapy had a central role...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809647/clinical-effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-in-mental-health-a-meta-analysis
#19
Moses N Ikiugu, Ranelle M Nissen, Cali Bellar, Alexya Maassen, Katlin Van Peursem
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the effectiveness of theory-based occupational therapy interventions in improving occupational performance and well-being among people with a mental health diagnosis. METHOD: The meta-analysis included 11 randomized controlled trials with a total of 520 adult participants with a mental health diagnosis. Outcomes were occupational performance, well-being, or both. We conducted meta-analyses using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software (Version 3...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809646/occupational-therapy-and-veteran-suicide-a-call-to-action
#20
Amy Kashiwa, Melissa M Sweetman, Loriann Helgeson
Suicide in the U.S. military veteran population is an epidemic with a wide-ranging impact on individuals, families, and society. Death by suicide is preventable. The purpose of this article is to ignite a professional discussion about veteran suicide, a serious mental health issue that is underrepresented in the occupational therapy research literature. Occupational therapy practitioners respond to the changing needs of populations and promote preventive measures to improve health. Actively exploring occupational therapy's role in suicide prevention is a professional responsibility aligned with tenets of the Centennial Vision and Vision 2025...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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