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American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422644/vision-2025
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422643/occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Steven Wheeler, Amanda Acord-Vira, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman
This Evidence Connection describes a case report of an adult with traumatic brain injury (TBI), applying the evidence for intervention from the systematic reviews on TBI that were conducted in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) Evidence-Based Practice Project. The occupational therapy assessment and treatment processes for hospital, home, and community settings are described. Evidence Connection articles provide a clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with AOTA's Evidence-Based Practice Project...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422642/detection-and-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-occupational-therapy-practitioners-addressing-racial-disparity-in-diagnosis
#3
Varleisha D Gibbs
As the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) continues to rise, racial disparities remain in age of diagnosis and initiation of treatment. Therefore, occupational therapy practitioners should examine cultural perceptions related to disparities in ASD diagnosis. This article investigates the role that practitioners may play in this disparity by asking, "Are occupational therapy practitioners contributing to the late diagnosis of children with ASD who are members of particular racial or ethnic groups?" Correlations among practitioners' detection of symptoms, parents' perceptions, and evaluator influences are investigated...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422641/supporting-stroke-motor-recovery-through-a-mobile-application-a-pilot-study
#4
Sonia Lawson, Ziying Tang, Jinjuan Feng
Neuroplasticity and motor learning are promoted with repetitive movement, appropriate challenge, and performance feedback. ARMStrokes, a smartphone application, incorporates these qualities to support motor recovery. Engaging exercises are easily accessible for improved compliance. In a multiple-case, mixed-methods pilot study, the potential of this technology for stroke motor recovery was examined. Exercises calibrated to the participant's skill level targeted forearm, elbow, and shoulder motions for a 6-wk protocol...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422640/national-institutes-of-health-research-plan-on-rehabilitation
#5
(no author information available yet)
One in 5 Americans experiences disability that affects daily function because of impairments in mobility, impairments in cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422639/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#6
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the Americans With Disabilities Act, NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422638/resource-seeking-as-occupation-a-critical-and-empirical-exploration
#7
Rebecca M Aldrich, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Virginia A Dickie
Occupational therapists and occupational scientists are committed to generating and using knowledge about occupation, but Western middle-class social norms regarding particular ways of doing have limited explorations of survival occupations. This article provides empirical evidence of the ways in which resource seeking constitutes an occupational response to situations of uncertain survival. Resource seeking includes a range of activities outside formal employment that aim to meet basic needs. On the basis of findings from 2 ethnographic studies, we critique the presumption of survival in guiding occupational therapy documents and the accompanying failure to recognize occupations that seem at odds with self-sufficiency...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422637/embedding-questions-during-online-lecture-capture-to-promote-learning-and-transfer-of-knowledge
#8
Lou Ann Griswold, Catherine E Overson, Victor A Benassi
We examined the effect of quizzing on students' ability to apply lecture content to clinical examples on an in-class exam. Fifty-six occupational therapy students in a graduate-level course completed three online modules that included lectures, slide presentations, demonstrations, and video clips. Throughout each module, students were given "Learning Moments," in which they were asked a question (Question condition); were asked to read a statement confirming the content presented (Study condition); or were not asked to do anything (Not Asked condition)...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422636/impact-of-pans-and-pandas-exacerbations-on-occupational-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Janice Trigilio Tona, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Denise Calaprice
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and involves sudden-onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, including obsessions, compulsions, sensory difficulties, and dysgraphia after infection or other triggers. Our objective was to identify problems with areas of occupation, body functions, and performance skills during exacerbations. METHOD: In this online retrospective study, based on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422635/simulated-driving-skills-evaluation-of-teenagers-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-before-driving-lessons
#10
Navah Zelda Ratzon, Efrat Kadury Lunievsky, Arie Ashkenasi, Joseph Laks, Herman Avner Cohen
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the driving skills of teenagers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during simulated driving before starting driving lessons and observed whether methylphenidate (MPH) affected their performance. METHOD: Sixty teenagers ages 15-18 yr were included; 29 teenagers with ADHD were tested with and without MPH, and 31 teenagers (control group) were tested once. All participants were tested on the STISIM Drive™ simulator. RESULTS: The number of center-line crossings was higher in the group without MPH treatment than in the control group and the MPH-treated group...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422634/functional-brain-stimulation-in-a-chronic-stroke-survivor-with-moderate-impairment
#11
Heather T Peters, Janell Pisegna, Julie Faieta, Stephen J Page
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with repetitive, task-specific training (RTP) on upper-extremity (UE) impairment in a chronic stroke survivor with moderate impairment. METHOD: The participant was a 54-yr-old woman with chronic, moderate UE hemiparesis after a single stroke that had occurred 10 yr before study enrollment. She participated in 45-min RTP sessions 3 days/wk for 8 wk. tDCS was administered concurrent to the first 20 min of each RTP session...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422633/change-in-functional-arm-use-is-associated-with-somatosensory-skills-after-sensory-retraining-poststroke
#12
Megan Turville, Leeanne M Carey, Thomas A Matyas, Jannette Blennerhassett
OBJECTIVE: We investigated changes in functional arm use after retraining for stroke-related somatosensory loss and identified whether such changes are associated with somatosensory discrimination skills. METHOD: Data were pooled (N = 80) from two randomized controlled trials of somatosensory retraining. We used the Motor Activity Log to measure perceived amount of arm use in daily activities and the Action Research Arm Test to measure performance capacity. Somatosensory discrimination skills were measured using standardized modality-specific measures...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422632/somatosensory-discrimination-intervention-improves-body-position-sense-and-motor-performance-in-children-with-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#13
Belinda McLean, Susan Taylor, Eve Blair, Jane Valentine, Leeanne Carey, Catherine Elliott
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the use of the adult neuroscience-based Sense(©) intervention with children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP) to improve upper-limb somatosensory discrimination, motor function, and goal performance. METHOD: Seventeen children with HCP (9 boys, 8 girls; mean age = 10.2 yr) participated in this pilot matched-pairs trial with random allocation and 6-mo follow-up (intervention, n = 7; control, n = 10). The intervention group received Sense training 3×/wk for 6 wk (18 hr)...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422631/do-neglect-assessments-detect-neglect-differently
#14
Emily S Grattan, Michelle L Woodbury
OBJECTIVE: We determined whether various assessment tools detect neglect differently by administering a battery of assessments to people with stroke. METHOD: We conducted a case series study and administered five neglect assessments (paper-and-pencil, functional, virtual reality) to participants poststroke. RESULTS: Twelve participants (6 men, 6 women) with stroke completed the assessment battery, which required approximately 2 hr to administer (over one to two sessions)...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422630/feasibility-of-pediatric-game-based-neurorehabilitation-using-telehealth-technologies-a-case-report
#15
Grace Reifenberg, Gabrielle Gabrosek, Kelly Tanner, Karen Harpster, Rachel Proffitt, Andrew Persch
This case report is the first in a series of reports designed to determine the feasibility of implementing game-based neurorehabilitation using telehealth technologies (GbN+TT) for children with cerebral palsy, evaluate the responsiveness of relevant outcome measures to changes in motor impairment and activity participation after intervention, and identify technological challenges associated with implementation of GbN+TT. The participant completed more than 56 hr of game-based neurorehabilitation over 8 wk using the Timocco platform in his home...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422629/development-and-alternate-form-reliability-of-the-complex-task-performance-assessment-ctpa-for-people-with-mild-stroke
#16
Juan Pablo Saa, Meghan Doherty, Alexis Young, Meredith Spiers, Emily Leary, Timothy J Wolf
Cognitive impairment is a common consequence of mild stroke. Current performance-based assessments for mild stroke can detect mild impairments in executive function but lack alternate forms to be used as outcome measures. This study aimed to develop an alternate form of the Complex Task Performance Assessment (CTPA-Alt), a performance-based assessment of executive function, and to establish the alternate form reliability of the CTPA-Alt. A repeated-measures study was conducted with 26 community participants...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422628/occupational-performance-coaching-for-stroke-survivors-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Dorothy Kessler, Mary Egan, Claire-Jehanne Dubouloz, Sara McEwen, Fiona P Graham
OBJECTIVE: We examined the feasibility of study procedures and explored the potential efficacy of Occupational Performance Coaching for stroke survivors (OPC-Stroke), an intervention designed to improve participation after stroke. METHOD: In this pilot randomized controlled trial, 21 participants were randomized to receive the intervention or usual care. Recruitment, retention, and outcome completion rates were calculated. Direction of change and effect sizes were examined for the outcomes of participation, goal performance and satisfaction, goal self-efficacy, emotional well-being, and cognition...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422627/quality-of-life-perspectives-of-people-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-their-caregivers
#18
Stephanie Johnson, Bryant Alonso, Katie Faulkner, Haley Roberts, Britton Monroe, Leigh Lehman, Pamalyn Kearney
This study explored differences in perspectives on quality of life (QOL) between people affected by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their caregivers. QOL is often thought of as related to physical limitations, without consideration of other factors (e.g., cognitive, emotional) that may be stronger predictors of QOL in people with long-term degenerative diseases. Because QOL is complex and influenced by multiple factors, people with ALS and their caregivers may have different perspectives on what constitutes QOL...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422626/navigating-the-hidden-curriculum-of-higher-education-for-postsecondary-students-with-intellectual-disabilities
#19
Lucretia A Berg, Tracy Jirikowic, Katie Haerling, Ginger MacDonald
Students with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD) increasingly pursue postsecondary education (PSE). Navigating the hidden curriculum-including meeting prerequisites for PSE and employment, using support systems and community transportation, and carrying out adulthood expectations-is an area of challenge. This exploratory case study examined experiences of students with IDD attending a PSE program and stakeholder perspectives. Thirty-two participants (10 students with IDD, 5 parents or guardians, 4 college administrators, 8 college instructors, 4 occupational therapists, and a transition specialist) were interviewed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422625/characteristics-of-students-receiving-occupational-therapy-services-in-transition-and-factors-related-to-postsecondary-success
#20
Maria M Eismann, Rebecca Weisshaar, Cristina Capretta, Dennis S Cleary, Anne V Kirby, Andrew C Persch
OBJECTIVE: This study had a twofold purpose: (1) identify the characteristics of people with disabilities who received occupational therapy services during their transition to adulthood and (2) determine factors associated with their successful postsecondary transition. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 data. Data analyses include descriptive statistics, binary logistic regression, and simple linear regression...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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