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American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280729/occupational-therapy-interventions-for-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Catherine Verrier Piersol, Lou Jensen, Deborah Lieberman, Marian Arbesman
Evidence Connection articles provide a clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) Evidence-Based Practice Project. In this Evidence Connection article, we describe a case report of a person with Alzheimer's disease. The occupational therapy assessment and intervention process in the home setting is described. Findings from the systematic reviews on this topic were published in the November/December 2017 issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy and in AOTA's Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Adults With Alzheimer's Disease and Related Major Neurocognitive Disorders...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280728/sleep-as-an-occupational-need
#2
Nicole J Tester, Joanne Jackson Foss
In the same way the human body requires food, hydration, and oxygen, it also requires sleep. Even among healthy people, the amount and quality of sleep substantially influence health and quality of life because sleep helps regulate physiological functioning. Given the impact of sleep on participation, the American Occupational Therapy Association reclassified sleep from an activity of daily living to an occupational domain. Poor sleep is a frequent medical complaint, especially among populations with neurological impairment...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280727/redesigning-the-peer-audit-process-to-enhance-clinical-dialogue
#3
Marianne R Orest, Steven Eyler
This case report describes the process used to engage clinicians in redesigning the peer audit system and the outcome of this effort at the Rehabilitation Therapies department of the University of Vermont Medical Center in Burlington. A wide variety of peer audit processes, tools, and requirements have been used across disciplines and clinical sites. Rehabilitation therapy staff participated in a group project using a project charter to design the new approach to the peer audit. A single peer audit tool and unified audit process were developed for use across therapy disciplines and care settings...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280726/self-awareness-and-recovery-of-independence-with-strategy-training
#4
Elizabeth R Skidmore, Melissa Swafford, Shannon B Juengst, Lauren Terhorst
OBJECTIVE: Poor self-awareness co-occurs with cognitive impairments after stroke and may influence independence in daily activities. Strategy training promotes independence after stroke, but poor awareness may attenuate treatment response. We examined the degree to which awareness status affected changes in independence attributed to strategy training. METHOD: We conducted a secondary analysis of 30 participants with cognitive impairments after acute stroke randomized to strategy training or attention control in addition to typical inpatient rehabilitation...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280725/men-in-occupational-therapy-issues-factors-and-perceptions
#5
Angelo J M Maxim, Martin S Rice
OBJECTIVE: Relatively few men are occupational therapy practitioners in the United States. Little research has examined issues germane to men working in the profession. The objective of this study was to investigate perceptions, issues, and factors surrounding male occupational therapy practitioners. METHOD: A survey link was emailed to 9,467 licensed occupational therapy practitioners in Ohio; 699 participants responded, yielding a response rate of 7.66%. RESULTS: Male and female participants provided both similar and significantly different responses to the survey questions...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280724/curriculum-level-strategies-that-u-s-occupational-therapy-programs-use-to-address-occupation-a-qualitative-study
#6
Barb Hooper, Sheama Krishnagiri, Pollie Price, Steven D Taff, Andrea Bilics
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to describe curriculum-level strategies used to convey occupation to occupational therapy students. METHOD: The study used a descriptive qualitative research design. Fifteen occupational therapy and 10 occupational therapy assistant programs participated in interviews, submitted curriculum artifacts such as syllabi and assignments, and recorded teaching sessions. Data were coded both inductively and deductively and then categorized into themes...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280723/adjusting-challenge-skill-balance-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ippei Yoshida, Kazuki Hirao, Tetsushi Nonaka
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate whether occupational therapy that includes adjusting the challenge-skill balance improves health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for older adults in comparison with standard occupational therapy. METHOD: In this single-blind, randomized controlled trial, 56 older adults were assigned to two groups that received 10 sessions of occupational therapy with and without adjustment of challenge-skill balance. The primary outcome was change in HRQOL after 10 sessions of occupational therapy...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280722/feasibility-trial-of-tailored-home-modifications-process-outcomes
#8
Susan Stark, Emily Somerville, Jane Conte, Marian Keglovits, Yi-Ling Hu, Christopher Carpenter, Holly Hollingsworth, Yan Yan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a process evaluation to examine the implementation of a randomized controlled trial of home modifications designed to reduce the risk of falls and improve daily activity performance among community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: A process evaluation was conducted alongside a blinded, randomized sham-controlled trial (n = 92). Participants were followed for 1 yr after intervention. The process evaluation was framed using the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance framework...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280721/criterion-validity-of-the-child-s-challenging-behavior-scale-version-2-ccbs-2
#9
Helen M Bourke-Taylor, Reinie Cordier, Julie F Pallant
OBJECTIVE: The Child's Challenging Behavior Scale, Version 2 (CCBS-2), measures maternal rating of a child's challenging behaviors that compromise maternal mental health. The CCBS-2, the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were compared in a sample of typically developing young Australian children. METHOD: Criterion validity was investigated by correlating the CCBS-2 with "gold standard" measures (CBCL and SDQ subscales)...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280720/sensory-processing-in-the-general-population-adaptability-resiliency-and-challenging-behavior
#10
Evan E Dean, Lauren Little, Scott Tomchek, Winnie Dunn
Sensory processing is a personal trait that can contribute to challenging behavior. Protective factors, such as resiliency, can support children in managing their behavior, yet little research has addressed the contribution of sensory processing to protective factors. Therefore, in this cross-sectional study we aimed to determine the contribution of sensory processing (using the Sensory Profile-2) to challenging behavior and protective factors (using the Behavior Assessment System for Children, 2nd ed., Parent Rating Scales) in a sample of 51 children ages 6-11 yr from the general U...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280719/relationship-between-sensory-processing-and-pretend-play-in-typically-developing-children
#11
Tara Roberts, Karen Stagnitti, Ted Brown, Anoo Bhopti
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the relationship between sensory processing and pretend play in typically developing children. METHOD: Forty-two typically developing children ages 5-7 yr were assessed with the Child Initiated Pretend Play Assessment and the Home and Main Classroom forms of the Sensory Processing Measure (SPM). RESULTS: There were significant relationships between elaborate pretend play and body awareness (r = .62, p < ...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280718/relationship-between-sensory-processing-and-sleep-in-typically-developing-children
#12
Kristie Foitzik, Ted Brown
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between sensory processing factors and the sleep habits and patterns of typically developing children ages 8-12 yr was investigated. METHOD: Forty-five typically developing children and their parents or caregivers took part. Parents completed the Sensory Processing Measure-Home Form, Children's Sleep Hygiene Scale, and Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire, and the children completed the Children's Report of Sleep Patterns. Spearman ρ correlation and linear regression analyses were completed with the children's sleep habits and patterns as the dependent variables and the sensory processing factors as the independent variables...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280717/introduction-to-the-evaluation-in-ayres-sensory-integration%C3%A2-easi
#13
Zoe Mailloux, L Diane Parham, Susanne Smith Roley, Laura Ruzzano, Roseann C Schaaf
Comprehensive, reliable, and valid assessment is essential for individually tailored, appropriate, and effective intervention planning and implementation. Research, education, and practice using an Ayres Sensory Integration® (ASI) approach have a long history of prioritizing comprehensive assessment. To meet the need for a set of tests that will fully evaluate the constructs of ASI with psychometrically strong, internationally appropriate, and easily accessible measurement tools, the development of the Evaluation in Ayres Sensory Integration® (EASI) has been initiated...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280716/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-sensory-processing-and-motor-development-in-preterm-infants
#14
Halil Ibrahim Celik, Bulent Elbasan, Kivilcim Gucuyener, Hulya Kayihan, Meral Huri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between sensory processing and motor development in preterm infants. METHOD: We included 30 preterm and 30 term infants with corrected and chronological ages between 10 and 12 mo. We used the Test of Sensory Functions in Infants to evaluate sensory processing and the Alberta Infant Motor Scale to evaluate motor development. RESULTS: The Spearman correlation test indicated a strong positive relationship between sensory processing and motor development in preterm infants (r = ...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280715/comparison-of-two-tools-to-assess-sensory-features-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Catherine Dugas, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Eric Fombonne, Mélanie Couture
OBJECTIVE: This article documents the convergent validity of the Sensory Profile (SP) and the Sensory Processing Measure (SPM)-Home Form for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHO: . Parents of 34 children with ASD between ages 5 and 8 yr filled out both measures. Through correlations, χ² tests, and levels of agreement between classifications, the results for the SP and the SPM-Home Form were compared. RESULTS: The raw scores were correlated for some sensory domains (hearing, vision, touch, and proprioception) and for social functioning...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280714/specific-sensory-techniques-and-sensory-environmental-modifications-for-children-and-youth-with-sensory-integration-difficulties-a-systematic-review
#16
Stefanie C Bodison, L Diane Parham
This systematic review examined the effectiveness of specific sensory techniques and sensory environmental modifications to improve participation of children with sensory integration (SI) difficulties. Abstracts of 11,436 articles published between January 2007 and May 2015 were examined. Studies were included if designs reflected high levels of evidence, participants demonstrated SI difficulties, and outcome measures addressed function or participation. Eight studies met inclusion criteria. Seven studies evaluated effects of specific sensory techniques for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Qigong massage, weighted vests, slow swinging, and incorporation of multisensory activities into preschool routines...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280713/parental-or-teacher-education-and-coaching-to-support-function-and-participation-of-children-and-youth-with-sensory-processing-and-sensory-integration-challenges-a-systematic-review
#17
Heather Miller-Kuhaneck, Renee Watling
This systematic review examines the literature published from January 2007 through May 2015 related to the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions using parental or teacher education and coaching with children with challenges in sensory processing and sensory integration (SP-SI). Of more than 11,000 abstracts and 86 articles that were considered, only 4 met the criteria and were included in this review. Studies of parental training and coaching for children with challenges in SP-SI and comorbid autism spectrum disorder have suggested that educational or coaching programs could result in positive outcomes for both parents and children, often in a relatively short time period...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280712/effectiveness-of-cognitive-and-occupation-based-interventions-for-children-with-challenges-in-sensory-processing-and-integration-a-systematic-review
#18
Beth Pfeiffer, Gloria Frolek Clark, Marian Arbesman
This systematic review examines the evidence for the effectiveness of cognitive and occupation-based interventions to improve self-regulation in children and youth who have challenges in processing and integrating sensory information. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guided the methodology. Five studies identified through a comprehensive database search met the inclusion criteria and were separated into categories of cognitive and occupation-based interventions. Articles that did not specifically measure sensory integration (SI) or processing challenges were omitted...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280711/efficacy-of-occupational-therapy-using-ayres-sensory-integration%C3%A2-a-systematic-review
#19
Roseann C Schaaf, Rachel L Dumont, Marian Arbesman, Teresa A May-Benson
This systematic review addresses the question "What is the efficacy of occupational therapy using Ayres Sensory Integration® (ASI) to support functioning and participation as defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for persons with challenges in processing and integrating sensory information that interfere with everyday life participation?" Three randomized controlled trials, 1 retroactive analysis, and 1 single-subject ABA design published from 2007 to 2015, all of which happened to study children with autism, met inclusion criteria...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280710/state-of-the-science-of-sensory-integration-research-with-children-and-youth
#20
Beth Pfeiffer, Teresa A May-Benson, Stefanie C Bodison
Many children and youth with and without disabilities are affected by challenges in processing and integrating sensations. Occupational therapy practitioners serve a pivotal role in the evaluation and treatment of this population. This special section of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy includes articles that elucidate the relationship between sensory processing and participation in valued occupations as well as articles that guide best practice, including systematic reviews on common occupational therapy interventions for children and youth with challenges in processing and integrating sensation...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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