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American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953841/occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-musculoskeletal-conditions
#1
Debbie Amini, Deborah Lieberman, Elizabeth Hunter
Evidence Connection articles provide a clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) Evidence-Based Practice Project. In this Evidence Connection article, we describe a case report of a person who underwent a total knee replacement due to severe osteoarthritis of his left knee. The occupational therapy assessment and intervention process both before and after surgery in the home setting is described. Findings from the systematic review (Dorsey & Bradshaw, 2017) on this topic were published in the January/February 2017 issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy and in AOTA's Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Adults With Musculoskeletal Conditions...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953840/leisure-as-an-end-not-just-a-means-in-occupational-therapy-intervention
#2
Szu-Wei Chen, Tracy Chippendale
Leisure is commonly treated as a means instead of an end goal of intervention. This approach, influenced by history and society's past values, does not reflect the fact that leisure is meaningful and unique to its participants and has a significant effect on their health. On the basis of the core values of the occupational therapy profession and its role in the health care system, in this article we advocate that occupational therapists should expand their focus to include leisure as a goal of intervention...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953839/occupational-therapy-practitioners-perspectives-on-occupation-based-interventions-for-clients-with-hip-fracture
#3
Carin Wong, Brenda Fagan, Natalie E Leland
OBJECTIVE: Occupational engagement is the foundation of occupational therapy. We identified perspectives of 18 occupational therapy practitioners on integrating occupation-based interventions during postacute care (PAC) rehabilitation for persons with hip fracture to identify occupational therapy's distinct contribution. METHOD: We conducted six focus groups derived from a purposive national sample of occupational therapy practitioners (N = 18). A secondary analysis was conducted to analyze the transcripts for major subthemes around occupation-based interventions...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953838/predictive-value-of-the-cognitive-performance-test-cpt-for-staging-function-and-fitness-to-drive-in-people-with-neurocognitive-disorders
#4
Theressa Burns, Katie Lawler, David Lawler, J Riley McCarten, Michael Kuskowski
The Cognitive Performance Test (CPT) is a standardized occupational therapy assessment that examines cognitive integration with functioning in an instrumental activities of daily living context. Conventional cognitive measures provide diagnostic utility but do not fully address the functional implications. Ninety-one veterans diagnosed with cognitive impairment were evaluated. We compared the predictive value of the CPT with the Large Allen Cognitive Level Screen (LACLS), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) for the need to retire from driving versus ability to pass an on-road exam...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953837/ohio-modified-arm-motor-ability-test-omaat-an-optimized-measure-of-upper-extremity-functional-limitation-in-hemiparetic-stroke
#5
Andrew C Persch, Alexis Wagner, Mallory Fleming, P Cristian Gugiu, Stephen J Page
This secondary analysis quantified the psychometric properties of the Ohio Modified Arm-Motor Ability Test (OMAAT) in a sample of neurologically stable chronic stroke survivors (n = 67, 40 men; mean age 59.8 yr, standard deviation = 12.8; 42 White, 23 Black, 2 other; 92.5% right-sided lesion; 44 ischemic stroke). Findings indicate high OMAAT internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .97, ordinal α = .98, Gugiu's bootstrap reliability = .97), unidimensionality, and strong positive factor loadings for all 20 OMAAT items...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953836/promoting-health-through-engagement-in-occupations-that-maximize-food-resources
#6
Laura Schmelzer, Theresa Leto
Poverty is a complex problem in the United States with far-reaching consequences, often leading to a lack of food or lack of access to food. Proper nutrition and food intake are foundational to health and well-being. This participatory action research (PAR) project explored the challenges associated with living in poverty and managing food resources. Stakeholders engaged in a multiphase PAR process, which resulted in the development and implementation of a 7-wk occupation-based program. The program promotes graded learning of specific skills for managing food resources and emphasizes empowering each participant...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953835/characteristics-influencing-diversity-of-participation-of-children-in-activities-outside-school
#7
Nora Shields, Brooke Adair, Peter Wilson, Elspeth Froude, Christine Imms
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine which personal and environmental characteristics influenced diversity of participation in activities outside school for typically developing children and adolescents. METHOD: Four hundred twenty-two (215 boys) typically developing Australian children (mean = 11.0 yr) completed the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) and the Preferences for Activity of Children to describe their participation on five activity types: Recreational, Active Physical, Social, Self-Improvement, and Skill-Based...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953834/activity-engagement-and-everyday-technology-use-among-older-adults-in-an-urban-area
#8
Ryan Walsh, Ruxandra Drasga, Jenica Lee, Caniece Leggett, Holly Shapnick, Anders Kottorp
OBJECTIVE: We investigated associations among activity engagement (AE), number of available and relevant everyday technologies, ability to use everyday technologies, and cognitive status among older adults in an urban area. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 110 participants and used three assessments: the Frenchay Activities Index to measure AE, the Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire to measure the number of and ability to use available and relevant everyday technologies, and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment to measure cognitive status...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953833/home-safety-fall-and-accident-risk-among-prematurely-aging-formerly-homeless-adults
#9
Sharon A Gutman, Kevin Amarantos, Jan Berg, Melissa Aponte, Daniela Gordillo, Christopher Rice, Jonathan Smith, Anna Perry, Tamara Wills, Ethan Chen, Richard Peters, Zachary Schluger
OBJECTIVE: Homelessness prematurely ages people. A large subgroup of formerly homeless adults between ages 40 and 64 yr have health conditions similar to or worse than people categorized as elderly. Little is known about the impact of this group's chronic health conditions on their ability to safely function in supportive housing. METHOD: Home safety visits were carried out with 25 formerly homeless adults, ages 40-64 yr, now residing in supportive housing. RESULTS: Participants had physical, cognitive, and mental health problems that significantly interfered with their ability to perform daily life skills, safely function in an apartment, and manage chronic health conditions...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953832/feasibility-of-integrating-occupational-therapy-into-a-care-coordination-program-for-aging-in-place
#10
Kelly L Dickson, Pamela E Toto
OBJECTIVE: We examined the feasibility and benefit of integrating occupational therapy into a long-term services and supports (LTSS) care coordination program for aging in place. METHOD: Clients referred to occupational therapy during a 16-wk trial were evaluated with the In-Home Occupational Performance Evaluation and received education on strategies for aging in place. Clients who indicated readiness for change were assisted in setting personalized goals with goal attainment scaling and received four additional occupational therapy visits...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953831/implementing-evidence-based-interventions-with-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-scoping-review
#11
Lisa A Juckett, Monica L Robinson
OBJECTIVE: With the rapid growth of the community-dwelling older adult population, evidence-based occupational therapy interventions targeting older clients need to be effectively implemented. However, little is understood about the factors influencing effective intervention implementation into practice. METHOD: We performed a scoping review to explore what strategies and factors relate to the uptake of older adult interventions into practice. Concepts from implementation science literature guided our review...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953830/occupational-therapy-interventions-to-improve-activities-of-daily-living-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#12
Chiung-Ju Liu, Wen-Pin Chang, Megan C Chang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to synthesize the effects of interventions within the scope of occupational therapy to improve performance of activities of daily living (ADLs) in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: Searches were conducted in CINAHL, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and OTseeker. Empirical studies published between 1995 and 2015 were individually screened and appraised by two reviewers. RESULTS: Forty-three studies met the review inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953829/occupational-therapy-interventions-to-improve-performance-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#13
Elizabeth G Hunter, Pamalyn J Kearney
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effectiveness of interventions within the scope of occupational therapy to improve the performance of instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) for community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: We searched and examined the literature (2008 through 2016) using four electronic databases. Fourteen studies met the inclusion criteria and were critically appraised and synthesized. RESULTS: Analysis revealed four thematic areas: cognitive, self-management, prevention, and home-based multidisciplinary rehabilitation interventions...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953828/occupational-therapy-fall-prevention-interventions-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
Sharon Elliott, Natalie E Leland
OBJECTIVE: Accidental falls among community-dwelling older adults are preventable and increase the risk of morbidity, hospitalization, and institutionalization. We updated and broadened a 2008 systematic review examining the evidence for the effectiveness of fall prevention interventions in improving fall-related outcomes, occupational performance, quality of life, and health care facility readmissions for community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: We searched and analyzed literature published from 2008 to 2015 from five electronic databases...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953827/occupational-therapy-interventions-addressing-sleep-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#15
Stacy Smallfield, Whitney Lucas Molitor
Because of age-related changes in sleep patterns, older adults may get less sleep than the recommended amount and experience decreased performance in daytime activities as a result. This article examines the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions within the scope of occupational therapy addressing sleep. Thirteen Level I studies met inclusion criteria and were categorized into three themes: (1) one-to-one single-component interventions, (2) one-to-one multicomponent interventions, and (3) group multicomponent interventions...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953826/occupational-therapy-interventions-supporting-social-participation-and-leisure-engagement-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#16
Stacy Smallfield, Whitney Lucas Molitor
This systematic review examines the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions within the scope of occupational therapy that address leisure engagement and social participation among community-dwelling older adults. Eleven Level I, 1 Level II, 1 Level III, and 1 Level IV studies met inclusion criteria. Included articles addressed two themes: interventions supporting social participation and interventions supporting leisure engagement. Strong evidence supports leisure education interventions to enhance leisure engagement, and moderate evidence supports chronic disease self-management programs to support leisure engagement...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953825/effectiveness-of-health-promotion-management-and-maintenance-interventions-within-the-scope-of-occupational-therapy-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#17
Sue Berger, Anne Escher, Emily Mengle, Nicole Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review examined the effectiveness of health promotion, management, and maintenance interventions within the scope of occupational therapy to improve occupational performance and quality of life (QOL) and decrease health care utilization for community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: Thirty-eight articles representing 36 studies were included in the review. Articles were published 2008-2015 and described studies of participants with a mean age of 65 or older who were living in the community...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953824/functional-ability-in-the-changing-demographic-landscape-evidence-and-opportunities-for-occupational-therapy
#18
Chiung-Ju Cj Liu
The growing number of older adults is changing the demographic landscape. Occupational therapy can better serve the older adult population by helping them maintain their functional ability, which is the ability to engage in occupations. This special issue includes both studies of interventions to evaluate and support functional ability in community-dwelling older adults and systematic reviews of such studies. This editorial highlights the six systematic reviews, which were completed in collaboration with the American Occupational Therapy Association's Evidence-Based Practice Project...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953823/opportunities-for-occupational-therapy-to-serve-as-a-catalyst-for-culture-change-in-nursing-facilities
#19
Samia Rafeedie, Christina Metzler, Amy J Lamb
Ensuring that older adults are receiving quality and effective rehabilitation and skilled nursing services must be a priority to society and to the health care system, but health care policies and systems driving reimbursement continue to challenge the delivery of services. A review of the literature indicates significant problems among residents of skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) that could be alleviated by meaningful occupational therapy. Research and practice in the occupational therapy community should focus on this large area of practice...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953822/erratum
#20
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5014/ajot.2018.029413.].
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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