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American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157022/occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#1
Patricia Siegel, Brandi L Jones, Janet L Poole
Evidence Connection articles provide a clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) Evidence-Based Practice Project. In this Evidence Connection article, we describe a case report of a person recently diagnosed with fibromyalgia. The occupational therapy assessment and intervention process in the home setting is described. Findings from the systematic review (Poole & Siegel, 2017) on this topic were published in the January/February 2017 issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy and in AOTA's Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Adults With Arthritis and Other Rheumatic Conditions (Poole et al...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157021/occupational-therapists-role-in-perinatal-care-a-health-promotion-approach
#2
Julie Grobbelaar Fernandes
This article establishes and examines occupational therapists' role in perinatal care and proposes a health promotion approach for new and expectant mothers. The author demonstrates the importance of maintaining meaningful occupational engagement during this critical life stage by incorporating evidence from orthopedic, rehabilitation, and hand therapy research. New and expectant mothers are at high risk for upper extremity (UE) conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome, De Quervain's tenosynovitis, and tendinosis of the UE...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157020/the-immediate-effect-of-african-drumming-on-the-mental-well-being-of-adults-with-mood-disorders-an-uncontrolled-pretest-posttest-pilot-study
#3
Nicola Ann Plastow, Leani Joubert, Yushmika Chotoo, Amee Nowers, Megan Greeff, Tinka Strydom, Marisca Theron, Emmé van Niekerk
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study is the first to examine the effects of an occupational therapist-led African drumming group on mental well-being among adult psychiatric inpatients with mood disorders. METHOD: We used a quasi-experimental, uncontrolled, one-group, pretest-posttest design. We collected data for six different drumming groups (N = 13) using the Stellenbosch Mood Scale, the Primary Health Questionnaire-9, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale, and the Enjoyment of Interaction Scale...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157019/lee-silverman-voice-treatment-big-%C3%A2-for-a-person-with-stroke
#4
Rachel M Proffitt, Whitney Henderson, Shea Scholl, Micaela Nettleton
The extant literature suggests the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment BIG® (LSVT BIG) program is an effective intervention for persons with Parkinson's disease; however, no literature or research on the use of this program as an intervention for persons with stroke exists. We examined the effects of the LSVT BIG program for a 52-yr-old community-dwelling woman with mild to moderate upper extremity hemiparesis 2 yr after a stroke and the feasibility of delivering the home exercise component of the program in a game-based format...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157018/here-s-how-i-write-hebrew-psychometric-properties-and-handwriting-self-awareness-among-schoolchildren-with-and-without-dysgraphia
#5
Sarina Goldstand, Debbie Gevir, Renana Yefet, Adina Maeir
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Here's How I Write-Hebrew (HHIW-HE) and compared handwriting self-awareness between children with and without dysgraphia. METHOD: Fifty-eight children (29 with and 29 without dysgraphia) completed the HHIW-HE. Occupational therapists provided corresponding ratings that were based on objective handwriting assessments. Self-awareness was measured through child-therapist consensus. RESULTS: The HHIW-HE has an internal consistency of α = ...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157017/thoroughness-and-psychometrics-of-fidelity-measures-in-occupational-and-physical-therapy-a-systematic-review
#6
Brittany N Hand, Amy R Darragh, Andrew C Persch
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the thoroughness and psychometric properties of fidelity measures used by or of relevance to occupational or physical therapy. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was completed. Assessments used to measure occupational or physical therapy intervention fidelity were evaluated for thoroughness, reliability, validity, and clinical utility. RESULTS: Eight fidelity measures met inclusion criteria for this systematic review...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157016/occupational-therapist-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-pilot-study
#7
Susan L Murphy, Mary R Janevic, Pearl Lee, David A Williams
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an online-assisted, occupational therapist-delivered, cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention to promote physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). METHOD: Fifty-seven participants with KOA were randomized 2:1 to the Engage program (eight clinic-based sessions supported by online modules) or usual care. Using analysis of covariance, we estimated Engage's effect on physical function (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index's Physical Function subscale [WOMAC-PF]) at 6 mo...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157015/randomized-controlled-trial-to-improve-self-efficacy-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-the-community-reintegration-for-socially-isolated-patients-crisp-program
#8
J Tamar Kalina, Jim Hinojosa, Lauren Strober, Joshua Bacon, Seamus Donnelly, Yael Goverover
OBJECTIVE: We examined the efficacy of a 12-wk educational socialization program, Community Reintegration for Socially Isolated Patients (CRISP), in improving self-efficacy for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). We also examined whether participants in the experimental group with increased self-efficacy experienced reduced loneliness and depression. METHOD: This randomized controlled group design included 91 participants with MS (experimental group, n = 51; control group, n = 40)...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157014/revised-self-report-assessment-of-functional-visual-performance-r-srafvp-part-ii-construct-validation
#9
Marlene Snow, Mary Warren, Hon K Yuen
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to validate the construct of the Revised Self-Report Assessment of Functional Visual Performance (R-SRAFVP) for older adults with low vision resulting from age-related eye disease. METHOD: The 50-item draft of the R-SRAFVP was administered to 87 older adults with low vision. Construct validation included principal-components analysis and the known-groups method. RESULTS: Principal-components analysis revealed nine components (comprising 33 items): Personal Care, Oral Care, Meal/Laundry Preparation, Financial Management, Telephone Usage, Personal Preference Activities, Reading, Writing, and Functional Mobility...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157013/revised-self-report-assessment-of-functional-visual-performance-r-srafvp-part-i-content-validation
#10
Cheryl L Zemina, Mary Warren, Hon K Yuen
OBJECTIVE: We describe the development and content validation of the revised Self-Report Assessment of Functional Visual Performance (R-SRAFVP). METHOD: The content validation process consisted of three stages: (1) three occupational therapy experts in low vision rehabilitation revised items on the 38-item SRAFVP via written feedback and semistructured interview, (2) eight occupational therapy low vision experts evaluated items for relevance and provided feedback on the rating scale, and (3) five adults with low vision provided feedback on item clarity via cognitive interviewing...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157012/health-impact-of-participation-for-vulnerable-youth-with-disabilities
#11
Kristin L Berg, Jonathon Medrano, Kruti Acharya, Amy Lynch, Michael E Msall
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the mental health impact of participation for youth with disabilities (YWD) in the child welfare system who had experienced victimization in the previous year. METHOD: Nationally representative data were obtained from the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Our sample consisted of 247 YWD ages 11-17 yr. Multivariable probit regression analysis and a robust variance estimator were used to test the relationships among disability status, participation, and clinical depression...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157011/occupational-performance-issues-of-adults-seeking-bariatric-surgery-for-obesity
#12
Karen S Barclay, Susan J Forwell
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the occupational performance issues of a sample of bariatric surgery candidates and to explore the relationships among occupational performance, satisfaction with performance, demographic characteristics, and mental health factors. METHOD: We reviewed the health records of 241 bariatric surgery candidates and analyzed their scores on the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and standardized mental health questionnaires...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157010/minimal-detectable-change-on-the-lawton-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-scale-in-community-dwelling-patients-with-schizophrenia
#13
Sheau-Ling Huang, Wen-Shian Lu, Candy Chieh Lee, Hsuan-Wen Wang, Shu-Chun Lee, Ching-Lin Hsieh
The main purpose of this study was to estimate the minimal detectable change (MDC) on the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (LIADL) scale in community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia. Fifty-seven patients completed the LIADL assessment twice, about 14 days apart. Two scoring methods (dichotomous and polytomous) were used to record the patients' performance on the LIADL scale. The MDCs of the LIADL scale were 1.5 (dichotomous) and 4.4 (polytomous) points. The MDC percentages were 22.0% (dichotomous) and 22...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157009/employment-outcomes-after-vocational-training-for-people-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-multicenter-study
#14
Hui-Ling Lee, Eric J Hwang, Shang-Liang Wu, Wei-Mo Tu, Ming Hung Wang, Fong Chan
People with a chronic psychiatric disorder (CPD) have low employment rates worldwide. This multicenter retrospective cohort study examined the employment outcomes of an innovative in-house vocational training program for people with CPD in Taiwan and explored which program parameters significantly predicted outcomes. Data were retrieved from the records of 323 participants who completed the training program. Satisfactory employment rates were found at 1 (52.9%), 3 (60.4%), and 6 (65.6%) mo posttraining, and 38...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157008/early-intervention-in-mental-health-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review
#15
Halley Read, Sean Roush, Donna Downing
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe the evidence for the effectiveness of early intervention to improve and maintain performance in occupations for youths with or at risk for serious mental illness (SMI). METHOD: Titles and abstracts of 670 articles were reviewed, 234 were retrieved for full review, and 30 met inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Moderate to strong evidence supports cognitive remediation (CR) and mixed evidence supports cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) as an adjunct modality to improve general functioning...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157007/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-weight-loss-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Catana Brown, Lydia C Geiszler, Kelsie J Lewis, Marian Arbesman
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effectiveness of weight loss interventions in community-based settings for people with serious mental illness (SMI). METHOD: Four databases were searched for randomized controlled trials published in 2008 or later that met the criteria for the research question and used weight loss as an outcome measure. Data were extracted, and weight loss was analyzed using a meta-analysis. Similarities and differences in interventions were analyzed qualitatively...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157006/evidence-for-interventions-to-improve-and-maintain-occupational-performance-and-participation-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-a-systematic-review
#17
Mariana L D'Amico, Lynn E Jaffe, Jennifer A Gardner
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluates the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions within the scope of occupational therapy to improve and maintain performance and participation for people with serious mental illness. Areas included in this review are activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, leisure, social participation, and rest and sleep. METHOD: Databases searched included MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157005/evidence-for-occupational-therapy-intervention-with-employment-and-education-for-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-a-systematic-review
#18
Susan Noyes, Helena Sokolow, Marian Arbesman
OBJECTIVE: Many of the estimated 9.8 million American adults with serious mental illness (SMI) want to engage in employment and education, yet the majority report a need for more skills training. This review presents evidence for the effectiveness of interventions that occupational therapy practitioners can provide to help people with SMI improve and maintain performance and participation in employment and education. METHOD: Citations, abstracts, and full-text articles in databases including MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were reviewed for inclusion and analysis...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157004/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-services-in-mental-health-practice
#19
Margaret Swarbrick, Susan Noyes
National behavioral health care efforts have opened opportunities to reignite occupational therapy mental health practice and research. The profession's person-centered and occupation-based practice fits well with the growing needs of people with serious mental illness (SMI) served in community-based settings. The nine articles in this special issue provide a growing body of evidence to support the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for adults with SMI to enhance health management skills and promote independence in living a balanced and satisfying life...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157003/accountable-care-organizations-and-occupational-therapy
#20
Clarice Miller
Accountable care organizations (ACOs) are organized networks or systems that provide services to Medicare beneficiaries under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 with an emphasis on chronic care management. ACOs were instituted under Medicare to achieve value-based purchasing as opposed to simply providing high-volume, fee-for-service care. ACOs must reduce annual care expenditures through Medicare-covered services. Occupational therapy services often play a role along the care continuum of an ACO...
September 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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