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American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135434/work-disability-prevention-a-primer-for-occupational-therapists
#1
Alicia McDougall, Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia
An estimated 313 million workplace accidents resulting in injury occur worldwide every year. Therefore, the burden of workplace injury and disability is present at the individual and the societal level and involves several stakeholders. There has been a shift in paradigm from workplace disability and injury treatment to workplace disability prevention. Occupational therapy practitioners are well positioned to address this multifaceted societal issue. Opening communication lines among stakeholders allows for a more holistic, collaborative, and comprehensive approach to disability, injury, and pain management...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135433/highly-cited-occupational-therapy-articles-in-the-science-citation-index-expanded-and-social-sciences-citation-index-a-bibliometric-analysis
#2
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman, Yuh-Shan Ho, Kenneth N K Fong
OBJECTIVE: A bibliometric analysis was completed of highly cited occupational therapy literature and authors published from 1991 to 2014 and accessible in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-Expanded) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) databases. METHOD: Data were obtained from the SCI-Expanded and SSCI. Articles referenced >100 times were categorized as highly cited articles (HCA). RESULTS: Of 6,486 articles found, 31 were categorized as HCA...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135432/canadian-occupational-performance-measure-copm-in-primary-care-a-profile-of-practice
#3
Catherine Donnelly, Colleen O'Neill, Martha Bauer, Lori Letts
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) can be used as an outcome measure in primary care and to identify the occupational performance profiles in this setting. METHOD: First, the COPM was administered to all eligible clients at two sites. Second, a focus group with participating occupational therapists explored the feasibility of using the COPM in primary care. RESULTS: A total of 161 COPMs were initially administered...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135431/intervention-to-improve-medication-management-qualitative-outcomes-from-a-phase-i-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jaclyn K Schwartz, Kimberly A Grogan, Melissa J Mutch, Emily B Nowicki, Elizabeth A Seidel, Stefanie A Woelfel, Roger O Smith
OBJECTIVES: We sought to define an occupational therapy intervention to promote medication management and to evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of the intervention. METHOD: Nineteen adults with chronic health conditions and poor medication adherence participated in a two-group, blinded, randomized study. They received either an occupational therapy or a standard care intervention. We used a qualitative method to measure participants' changes in medication management through an interview regarding participants' perceptions and behaviors...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135430/impact-of-a-fieldwork-experience-on-attitudes-toward-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#5
Allison Sullivan, Rochelle Mendonca
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the effects of curriculum activities on changing attitudes of health professional students toward people with intellectual disabilities (IDs). METHOD: A nonrandomized, pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were college students assigned to one of three groups: two groups of students from different years in the occupational therapy program and one group of public health students. Each group completed the Attitudes Toward Intellectual Disabilities Questionnaire before and after each intervention...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135429/laboratory-food-acceptance-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-with-children-with-typical-development
#6
Michelle A Suarez
Studies using parent-report measures have described the high prevalence of food selectivity in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, few studies have documented food acceptance in a controlled laboratory environment. The objective of this study was to compare laboratory food acceptance in children with ASD with that of children with typical development (TD). In addition, the relationships between food acceptance and the child's age, sensory processing pattern, and autism severity were explored...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135428/handwriting-and-common-core-state-standards-teacher-occupational-therapist-and-administrator-perceptions-from-new-york-state-public-schools
#7
Debra Collette, Kylie Anson, Nora Halabi, April Schlierman, Allison Suriner
Handwriting is the cornerstone of written performance and communication for school-age children. This mixed-methods study explored the impact of Common Core State Standards on handwriting instruction and its effects on perceptions regarding children's written responses in elementary school. Using surveys and interviews of elementary teachers, occupational therapists, and administrators in New York State public schools, we sought to understand current trends in handwriting instruction, changes in time spent on handwriting instruction in the classroom, supports offered to students who did not meet expectations for handwriting, and the impact of Common Core on children's written expression...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135427/effect-of-bathroom-aids-and-age-on-balance-control-during-bathing-transfers
#8
Emily C King, Alison C Novak
Bathroom assistive devices are used to improve safety during bathing transfers, but biomechanical evidence to support clinical recommendations is lacking. This study evaluated the effectiveness of common bathroom aids in promoting balance control during bathing transfers. Twenty-six healthy adults (12 young, 14 older) stepped into and out of a slippery bathtub while using a vertical grab bar on the side wall, a horizontal grab bar on the back wall, a bath mat, a side wall touch, or no assistance. Balance control was characterized using center of pressure measures and showed greater instability for older adults...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135426/integrated-supported-employment-for-people-with-schizophrenia-in-mainland-china-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Guo Fu Zhang, Chi Man Tsui, Aisia Jiang Bo Lu, Li Bo Yu, Hector Wing Hong Tsang, Da Li
OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we investigated the effectiveness of integrated supported employment (ISE) compared with individual placement and support (IPS) and traditional vocational rehabilitation (TVR) for people with schizophrenia in mainland China. METHOD: One hundred and sixty-two participants with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to ISE (n = 54), IPS (n = 54), or TVR (n = 54). Blinded assessments of employment status, job tenure, and psychological outcomes were conducted at admission; completion of the 3-mo program; and follow-up at 7, 11, and 15 mo...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135425/internationalization-in-an-occupational-therapy-curriculum-a-philippine-american-pilot-collaboration
#10
Maria Concepcion C Cabatan, Lenin C Grajo
OBJECTIVE: This study is a pilot implementation of an Internationalization at Home (IaH) teaching and learning collaboration to enhance intercultural learning and understanding of concepts of occupation in two cohorts of occupational science and occupational therapy students from the Philippines and the United States. METHOD: In this collective case study, 149 students (Cohort 1, n = 65; Cohort 2, n = 84) participated. The collaboration included virtual conversations among students, faculty presentations, reflective assignments, and completion of an anonymous online survey...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135424/aota-official-documents-in-the-ajot-online-supplement
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135423/technology-and-occupation-past-present-and-the-next-100-years-of-theory-and-practice
#12
Roger O Smith
During the first 100 years of occupational therapy, the profession developed a remarkable practice and theory base. All along, technology was an active and core component of practice, but often technology was mentioned only as an adjunct component of therapy and as if it was a specialty. This lecture proposes a new foundational theory that places technology at the heart of occupational therapy as a fundamental part of human occupation and the human experience. Moreover, this new Metaphysical Physical-Emotive Theory of Occupation pushes the occupational therapy profession and the occupational science discipline to overtly consider occupation on the level of a metaphysical-level reality...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135422/unlocking-the-potential-of-everyday-opportunities
#13
Amy J Lamb
In her presidential address at the American Occupational Therapy Association's 2017 Annual Conference & Centennial Celebration, Amy Lamb honored occupational therapy's past and embraced its future. Occupational therapy practitioners have the power to serve as change agents, demonstrating their value during everyday opportunities as they design the future of occupational therapy.
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135421/state-of-the-journal-2017
#14
EDITORIAL
Lorie Gage Richards
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) has had another successful year, with increases in its journal impact factor and its ranking among rehabilitation journals indexed by Journal Citation Reports. The number of submissions has increased, with manuscripts received from 28 countries. Readership has also increased. AJOT remains the top-ranked occupational therapy journal in the world. In addition to its usual focus on publishing research broadly related to occupational therapy, AJOT created a Centennial section in each issue to celebrate the Centennial of the American Occupational Therapy Association...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135420/clear-skies-ahead
#15
Frederick P Somers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809664/occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-cancer
#16
Brent Braveman, Elizabeth G Hunter, Jennifer Nicholson, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman
This Evidence Connection describes a case report of a man with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who underwent an allogenic stem cell transplant. The occupational therapy assessment and treatment processes for an outpatient rehabilitation setting are described. Evidence Connection articles provide a clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's Evidence-Based Practice Project.
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809663/promoting-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-people-with-stroke
#17
Ryan R Bailey
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity is high in people with stroke. Risk factors for these conditions include hypertension, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity. These risk factors are common in people with stroke and often go unmanaged. Engagement in healthy behaviors is important for managing and preventing these risk factors and comorbid conditions. More specifically, physical activity and nutrition are key health behaviors for the management and maintenance of health in people with stroke...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809662/adult-age-and-cultural-differences-in-performance-on-the-weekly-calendar-planning-activity-wcpa
#18
Joan Toglia, Orit Lahav, Eynat Ben Ari, Rachel Kizony
OBJECTIVE: We compared performance on a cognitively demanding task, the Weekly Calendar Planning Activity, of participants in three age groups and two countries (United States and Israel). METHOD: A sample of 375 U.S. and 433 Israeli healthy adults participated. During the activity, participants were observed for speed, accuracy, strategy use, and efficiency. RESULTS: Accuracy scores were similar in both countries; however, Israeli participants were slower and less efficient (p < ...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809661/international-educational-interactions-and-students-critical-consciousness-a-pilot-study
#19
Rebecca M Aldrich, Lenin C Grajo
Online technologies facilitate connections between students around the world, but their impact on occupational science and occupational therapy students' critical consciousness about culture is underexplored. In this article we present research on five groups of occupational science and occupational therapy students across two cohorts at one Midwestern university. We used a pretest-posttest group design and the Multicultural Experiences Questionnaire to investigate the potential influence of students' exposure to international educational interactions on their multicultural experiences and desires...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809660/longitudinal-study-of-changes-in-occupational-therapy-students-perspectives-on-frames-of-reference
#20
Brittany Hoffer Nash, Anita Witt Mitchell
We explored students' views of the value of frames of reference (FoR) as they progressed through the didactic portion of an occupational therapy program. Thirty-four occupational therapy students were provided with a definition of FoR and asked to provide overall thoughts and impressions about FoR and their value 4 times over a period of 15 mo. Data were analyzed using phenomenological traditions, including open coding and analysis of themes. Throughout the program, students' understanding of how to use FoR evolved as they learned to implement them in practice...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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