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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29994936/survey-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-the-united-states-about-trichomoniasis-2016
#1
Eugene W Liu, Kimberly A Workowski, Laura Taouk, Jay Schulkin, William E Secor, Jeffrey L Jones
PURPOSE: Trichomoniasis is the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted infection in the United States. It can present with vaginitis in women and urethritis in men, but is most often asymptomatic or occurs with minimal symptoms. It is associated with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), adverse pregnancy outcomes and pelvic inflammatory disease. For these reasons, healthcare provider awareness of trichomoniasis is of public health importance. METHODS: To assess practitioner knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning trichomoniasis management, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) conducted an online survey in 2016 of its members, and we analyzed results from 230 respondents...
July 7, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29994935/screening-peter-to-save-paul-the-population-level-effects-of-screening-msm-for-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia
#2
Alison Ridpath, Harrell Chesson, Julia L Marcus, Robert D Kirkcaldy, Elizabeth Torrone, Sevgi O Aral, Kyle T Bernstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29979336/mycoplasma-genitalium-infections-with-macrolide-and-fluoroquinolone-resistance-associated-mutations-in-heterosexual-african-american-couples-in-alabama
#3
Li Xiao, Ken B Waites, Barbara Van Der Pol, Kristal J Aaron, Edward W Hook, William M Geisler
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is a sexually transmitted pathogen associated with inflammatory syndromes in men and women. Macrolides and fluoroquinolones are recommended MG treatments. The frequency of MG strains with macrolide resistance-associated mutations (MRMs) and quinolone resistance-associated mutations (QRMs) is increasing worldwide, however these data are sparse in populations in the US. METHODS: We investigated the prevalence of MG infections with MRMs and QRMs and MG infection concordance within African American couples in Birmingham, Alabama...
July 3, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29965948/correlates-of-rectal-douching-practices-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-kenya
#4
Jessica Londeree Saleska, Abigail Norris Turner, Jennifer Syvertsen, Jesse Nakhumwa, Leonard Soo, Spala Ohaga, Kawango Agot
BACKGROUND: Among men who have sex with men (MSM), rectal douching (RD) has been associated with increased prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Substances commonly used for RD, especially water-based solutions, could disrupt the rectal epithelium and increase susceptibility to infection. The few existing reports on RD among MSM are primarily in middle- and high-income settings, and to date, no study has focused on RD among MSM in Africa. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of programmatic data from key population service centers in western Kenya...
June 29, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29965947/heterosexual-anal-and-oral-sex-in-adolescents-and-adults-in-the-united-states-2011-2015
#5
Melissa A Habel, Jami S Leichliter, Patricia J Dittus, Ian H Spicknall, Sevgi O Aral
BACKGROUND: Heterosexual anal and oral sex are related to the acquisition and transmission of STDs. As common reportable STDs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis) in the U.S. are increasing, it is important to understand recent oral and anal sexual behaviors. METHODS: We examined the prevalence and correlates of heterosexual anal and oral sex, associated condom use, and having multiple partners among men and women 15-44 years. RESULTS: Approximately one-third of women and men had ever engaged in anal sex including 11% of adolescents (15-19 years)...
June 29, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29965946/rural-urban-differences-in-hiv-testing-among-us-adults-findings-from-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#6
Emmett R Henderson, Divya S Subramaniam, Jiajing Chen
BACKGROUND: Individuals in rural areas of the United States face barriers to HIV-related healthcare. We aim to assess differences in frequency of lifetime and past-year HIV testing, and differences in testing site location between rural and urban residents of the United States. METHODS: Data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2015 were analyzed on 250,579 respondents age >18 years. Weighted multinomial logistic regression analyses compared urban/rural differences in lifetime and past-year HIV testing...
June 29, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29965945/fight-fire-with-fire-innovations-to-address-syphilis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Noah Kojima, Jeffrey D Klausner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944646/prevalence-and-correlates-of-point-of-sex-hiv-self-testing-among-hiv-negative-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#8
Chongyi Wei, Li Yan, Sheri A Lippman, Xiaoyou Su, Jianjun Li, Liping Chen, H Fisher Raymond, Hongjing Yan
BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing (HIVST) provides a promising tool to screen sex partners for men who have sex with men (MSM) who engage in condomless sex and want to avoid HIV infection. While previous studies have demonstrated HIVST acceptability and increased testing uptake, limited data exists on its use between sex partners for point-of-sex HIV testing. This study examined prevalence and correlates of point-of-sex HIVST among Chinese MSM. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 400 HIV-negative Chinese MSM in 2017...
June 25, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944645/disclosure-of-sexual-behavior-is-significantly-associated-with-receiving-a-panel-of-healthcare-services-recommended-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
Vidisha Singh, Richard A Crosby, Beau Gratzer, Pamina M Gorbach, Lauri Markowitz, Elissa Meites
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). National guidelines recommend that MSM receive HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia screening at least annually, and hepatitis A and B and human papillomavirus vaccinations. We investigated associations between disclosure of male-male sexual orientation/behavior and receipt of this panel of services. METHODS: Gay, bisexual and other MSM aged 18-26 years were enrolled from health clinics serving lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities in Los Angeles and Chicago during 2012-2014...
June 25, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944644/a-comparison-of-syphilis-partner-notification-outcomes-by-reported-use-of-internet-based-apps-to-meet-sex-partners-in-north-carolina-2013-2016
#10
Victoria Mobley, Anna Cope, Nicole Dzialowy, Jason Maxwell, Evelyn Foust, Erika Samoff
BACKGROUND: Partner notification services (PNS) remain the backbone of syphilis control. The popularity of internet-based apps to meet sex partners among early syphilis (ES) patients may hinder the success of PNS if partners cannot be located. METHODS: We compared demographic and clinical characteristics between male ES patients indicating sex with men (MSM) and reported in North Carolina between 2013 and 2016 by reported use of an internet-based app to meet sex partners (app user)...
June 25, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944643/challenges-of-rpr-interpretation-in-syphilis-screening-in-uganda-variability-in-non-treponemal-results-between-different-laboratories
#11
Matthew M Hamill, Kimeze J Mbazira, Agnes N Kiragga, Charlotte A Gaydos, Mary Jett-Goheen, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Yukari C Manabe, Edith Nakku-Joloba, Anne Rompalo
BACKGROUND: Syphilis is a cause of morbidity and mortality and is of particular concern in pregnancy in low income countries because of risks associated with maternal-fetal transmission. Ugandan national guidelines recommend a non-treponemal Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) followed by treponemal testing for diagnosis of syphilis. The RPR test confirms a reactive specific treponemal test, or confirms serological 'cure' with a 4-fold dilutional decrease; RPR is beset with technical and biological limitations making accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment problematic...
June 25, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944642/impact-of-providing-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-at-clinics-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-baltimore-city-an-agent-based-model
#12
Parastu Kasaie, Stephen A Berry, Maunank S Shah, Eli S Rosenberg, Karen W Hoover, Thomas L Gift, Harrell Chesson, Jeff Pennington, Danielle German, Colin P Flynn, Chris Beyrer, David W Dowdy
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) greatly reduces the risk of HIV acquisition, but its optimal delivery strategy remains uncertain. Clinics for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can provide an efficient venue for PrEP delivery. METHODS: To quantify the added value of STI clinic-based PrEP delivery, we used an agent-based simulation of HIV transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM). We simulated the impact of PrEP delivery through STI clinics compared with PrEP delivery in other community-based settings...
June 25, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944641/condom-use-multiple-rounds-of-sex-and-alcohol-use-among-south-african-women-who-use-alcohol-and-other-drugs-an-event-level-analysis
#13
William A Zule, Ilene Speizer, Felicia A Browne, Brittni N Howard, Wendee M Wechsberg
BACKGROUND: High rates of alcohol and other drug use contribute to the ongoing generalized HIV epidemic in South Africa. Despite the general link between alcohol use and condomless sex, findings from event-level studies of the relationship between alcohol use and condomless sex during the same encounter have been inconsistent. METHODS: We conducted event-level analyses of the most recent sexual encounter reported by 636 women who use substances in Pretoria. Data were collected via a questionnaire that included questions about the number of rounds of vaginal and anal sex and condom use during each round...
June 25, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944640/hiv-sti-counseling-and-testing-services-received-by-gay-and-bisexual-men-using-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-at-their-last-prep-care-visit
#14
Jeffrey T Parsons, Steven A John, Thomas H F Whitfield, Jorge Cienfuegos-Szalay, Christian Grov
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) reduces risk of HIV infection for many gay and bisexual men (GBM); however, bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) associated with decreasing condom use among users is of concern. Center for Disease Control and Prevention's guidelines for PrEP use recommend bacterial STI screening every six months. We sought to investigate comprehensive PrEP care, defined as: 1) discussion of sexual behavior, 2) blood sample, 3) urine sample, 4) rectal sample (rectal swab), and 5) throat sample (throat swab), provided at user's last PrEP appointment...
June 25, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905620/from-the-astda-best-paper-by-a-young-investigator
#15
William C Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894368/estimated-impact-of-screening-on-gonorrhea-epidemiology-in-the-united-states-insights-from-a-mathematical-model
#16
Ashleigh R Tuite, Minttu M Rönn, Emory E Wolf, Thomas L Gift, Harrell W Chesson, Andres Berruti, Kara Galer, Nicolas A Menzies, Katherine Hsu, Joshua A Salomon
BACKGROUND: The burden of gonorrhea infections in the United States is high. There are marked disparities by race/ethnicity and sexual orientation. We quantified the impact of screening and treatment on gonorrhea rates in the US population aged 15-39 years for the time period 2000 to 2015 and estimated the impact that alternative screening strategies might have had over the same time period. METHODS: We developed a national-level transmission model that divides the population by race/ethnicity, preferred sex of sex partners, age, sex, and sexual activity level...
June 11, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870501/sustained-sexual-behavior-change-following-acute-hiv-diagnosis-in-malawi
#17
Katherine B Rucinski, Sarah E Rutstein, Kimberly A Powers, Dana K Pasquale, Ann M Dennis, Sam Phiri, Mina C Hosseinipour, Gift Kamanga, Dominic Nsona, Cecilia Massa, Irving F Hoffman, William C Miller, Audrey E Pettifor
BACKGROUND: Identification of acute HIV infection (AHI) allows important opportunities for HIV prevention through behavior change and biomedical intervention. Here, we evaluate changes in sexual risk behaviors among persons with AHI enrolled in a combined behavioral and biomedical intervention designed to reduce onward transmission of HIV. METHODS: Participants were randomized to standard HIV counseling, a multi-session behavioral intervention, or a multi-session behavioral intervention plus antiretrovirals...
June 5, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870505/repeat-chlamydia-diagnoses-increase-the-hazard-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-among-u-s-army-females-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#18
Christian T Bautista, Bruce P Hollingsworth, Jose L Sanchez
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. military, chlamydia is the mostly commonly diagnosed bacterial sexually transmitted infection and the rates of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) have remained high since the early 2000s. METHODS: The relationship between the number of chlamydia diagnoses and risk of PID was investigated in a retrospective cohort analysis, among chlamydia cases in the U.S. Army during 2006-2012. Cox regression model was used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for associations between the number of repeat chlamydia diagnoses and PID...
June 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870504/stable-low-hepatitis-c-virus-antibody-prevalence-among-hiv-negative-msm-attending-the-sti-outpatient-clinic-in-amsterdam-2007-2017
#19
Astrid M Newsum, Martijn S van Rooijen, Michelle Kroone, Sylvia M Bruisten, Amy Matser, Arjan Hogewoning, Maria Prins, Titia Heijman
BACKGROUND: In response to the increased hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence recently found among participants of the Amsterdam pre-exposure prophylaxis demonstration project, we evaluated HCV prevalence over time and the performance of the HCV-MOSAIC risk score for detection of HCV infection in HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) attending the Amsterdam STI clinic. METHODS: In October 2016, HIV-negative MSM were tested for anti-HCV and HCV RNA and completed the HCV-MOSAIC risk score...
June 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870503/economic-assessment-of-reverse-algorithm-syphilis-screening-in-a-high-prevalence-population
#20
Sean A Buono, Ricardo Basurto-Davila, Hilary A Godwin, Nicole M Green
BACKGROUND: More laboratories are screening for syphilis with automated treponemal immunoassays. We compared direct costs and downstream consequences when a local public health laboratory switches from a traditional algorithm (Nontreponemal screening) to a reverse algorithm (Treponemal screening). METHODS: We created a decision analysis model based on laboratory and surveillance data to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a reverse syphilis-screening algorithm from the perspectives of the Los Angeles County Public Health Laboratory (PHL) and the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (laboratory + STD Program costs) in 2015 US Dollars...
June 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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