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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499291/a-survey-of-25-north-carolina-health-departments-districts-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-current-practices-to-seeking-reimbursement-from-third-party-payers-for-sexually-transmitted-disease-services
#1
Cheryl L Kovar, Susan Carter
BACKGROUND: North Carolina Administrative Code 10A Chapter 41A.0204 (a) states "local health departments shall provide diagnosis, testing, treatment, follow-up, and preventive services for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, … These services shall be provided upon request and at no charge to the patient." Although health departments/districts may bill governmental or nongovernmental insurance providers for sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, current billing practices are unknown...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499290/molecular-typing-of-syphilis-causing-strains-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-in-antwerp-belgium
#2
Lenka Mikalová, Linda Grillová, Kara Osbak, Michal Strouhal, Chris Kenyon, Tania Crucitti, David Šmajs
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and sequencing-based treponeme typing was used to analyze 72 blood samples, collected from human immunodeficiency virus and syphilis co-infected patients during 2014 to 2015 in Antwerp, Belgium. Twenty-nine (40.3%) isolates were polymerase chain reaction positive for Treponema pallidum, and all tested were macrolide-resistant. Four genotypes were identified by sequencing-based typing including two new genotypes, U4NR8 and SU9R8, whereas enhanced Centers for Disease Control and Prevention typing revealed 7 subtypes...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499289/maternal-syphilis-an-independent-risk-factor-for-mother-to-infant-human-immunodeficiency-virus-transmission
#3
Aarti Kinikar, Nikhil Gupte, Jayalakshmi Bhat, Renu Bharadwaj, Vandana Kulkarni, Ramesh Bhosale, Katherine N McIntire, Vidya Mave, Nishi Suryavanshi, Sandesh Patil, Robert Bollinger, Amita Gupta
Syphilis is associated with increased human immunodeficiency virus acquisition and sexual transmission; we examined impact on human immunodeficiency virus mother-to-child transmission among mother-infant pairs enrolled in the India Six-Week Extended-Dose Nevirapine study. Maternal syphilis, diagnosed serologically using Venereal Disease Research Laboratory titer plus Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay, was associated with 2.5-fold greater risk.
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499288/impact-of-number-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-doses-on-genital-warts-diagnoses-among-a-national-cohort-of-u-s-adolescents
#4
Rebecca B Perkins, Mengyun Lin, Sherrie F Wallington, Amresh Hanchate
BACKGROUND: The impact of fewer than 3 doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine on genital warts is uncertain. METHODS: Using the Truven Health Analytics Marketscan administrative database, we compared rates of genital warts among women receiving 0, 1, 2, or 3 doses of HPV vaccine. Females aged 9 to 18 years on January 1, 2007, who were continuously enrolled in the database through December 31, 2013, were included. Patients were assigned an HPV dose state (0, 1, 2, or 3) based on the last recorded dose...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499287/impact-of-eligibility-criteria-on-participant-enrollment-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-gonorrhea-treatment
#5
Jill E Long, Michael R Wierzbicki, Edward W Hook
BACKGROUND: High rates of failure to qualify for clinical trial participation increase time and cost required for study completion. Identification of remediable reasons for prescreen failure can help reduce prescreen failure rates and improve study cost effectiveness. METHODS: Reasons for prescreen failure to qualify for participation in a phase 2 randomized clinical trial of treatment of uncomplicated urogenital gonorrhea were collected from prescreening logs. Reasons were categorized based on whether the reason was that the subject failed to meet eligibility criteria or declined participation...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499286/retrospective-review-of-gonococcal-and-chlamydial-cases-of-epididymitis-at-2-canadian-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinics-2004-2014
#6
Justin Z Chen, Jennifer Gratrix, Judith Brandley, Petra Smyczek, Penny Parker, Ron Read, Ameeta E Singh
Fifty-seven cases of gonococcal and chlamydial infections complicated by acute epididymitis seen at 2 Alberta STI clinics from 2004 to 2014 were reviewed. The majority responded to treatment recommended by national guidelines. Three of 6 treatment failures were not treated according to guidelines.
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499285/keeping-an-eye-on-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-conjunctivitis-in-infants-in-the-united-states-2010-2015
#7
Kristen Kreisel, Emily Weston, Jim Braxton, Eloisa Llata, Elizabeth Torrone
Perinatal transmission of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) can result in conjunctivitis in infants. We examined national rates of reported CT/GC conjunctivitis among infants. Surveillance of these infections is heavily affected by the completeness of reported data on specimen source and age. Alternative data sources should be evaluated.
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499284/emergence-and-spread-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-with-decreased-susceptibility-to-extended-spectrum-cephalosporins-in-argentina-2009-to-2013
#8
Ricardo Gianecini, Maria de Las Mercedes Romero, Claudia Oviedo, Martin Vacchino, Patricia Galarza
BACKGROUND: The emergence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains with decreased susceptibility to cephalosporins represents a major concern globally. The aim of this study was to examine the phenotypic and molecular characteristics of N. gonorrhoeae isolates with decreased susceptibility to ceftriaxone and cefixime in Argentina. METHODS: A total of 1987 isolates were collected during 2009 and 2013. The susceptibility to penicillin G, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, cefixime, ceftriaxone, and azithromycin was determined using the agar dilution method...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499283/chlamydia-trachomatis-incidence-using-self-reports-and-serology-by-gender-age-period-and-sexual-behavior-in-a-birth-cohort
#9
A Antoinette Righarts, Jane Morgan, Paddy J Horner, Gillian S Wills, Myra O McClure, Nigel P Dickson
BACKGROUND: Although understanding chlamydia incidence assists prevention and control, analyses based on diagnosed infections may distort the findings. Therefore, we determined incidence and examined risks in a birth cohort based on self-reports and serology. METHODS: Self-reported chlamydia and behavior data were collected from a cohort born in New Zealand in 1972/3 on several occasions to age 38 years. Sera drawn at ages 26, 32, and 38 years were tested for antibodies to Chlamydia trachomatis Pgp3 antigen using a recently developed assay, more sensitive in women (82...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499282/can-social-network-analysis-help-address-the-high-rates-of-bacterial-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-saskatchewan
#10
Molly A Trecker, Jo-Anne R Dillon, Kathy Lloyd, Maurice Hennink, Ann Jolly, Cheryl Waldner
BACKGROUND: Saskatchewan has one of the highest rates of gonorrhea among the Canadian provinces-more than double the national rate. In light of these high rates, and the growing threat of untreatable infections, improved understanding of gonorrhea transmission dynamics in the province and evaluation of the current system and tools for disease control are important. METHODS: We extracted data from a cross-sectional sample of laboratory-confirmed gonorrhea cases between 2003 and 2012 from the notifiable disease files of the Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499281/assortativity-and-mixing-by-sexual-behaviors-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-young-adult-heterosexual-dating-partnerships
#11
Talía Malagón, Ann Burchell, Mariam El-Zein, Pierre-Paul Tellier, François Coutlée, Eduardo L Franco
BACKGROUND: Assortative sexual mixing, the tendency for individuals to choose partners with similar characteristics to themselves, may be an important contributor to the unequal distribution of sexually transmitted infections in populations. We analyzed the tendency for assortative mixing on demographic and sexual behaviors characteristics in newly formed young adults dating partnerships. METHODS: Women aged 18 to 24 years and their male sexual partners of no more than 6 months were recruited during 2005 to 2010 at universities in Montreal, Canada...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499280/help-and-care-seeking-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
Anna Newton-Levinson, Jami S Leichliter, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: The ability to seek help or medical care for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is vital for sexually active youth; yet, their needs are often unmet. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative systematic review of studies to assess youth and provider views about the behaviors of young people in help seeking and care seeking for STI services in low- and middle-income countries. We searched peer-reviewed literature for studies published between 2001 and 2014 with a study population of youth (age, 10-24 years) and/or health service providers...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407651/microscopy-and-culture-for-the-diagnosis-of-gonorrhea-methodological-issues-on-validity-and-reliability
#13
Siamak Sabour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407650/insurance-coverage-and-utilization-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-a-medicaid-expansion-state
#14
Madeline C Montgomery, Julia Raifman, Amy S Nunn, Thomas Bertrand, A Ziggy Uvin, Theodore Marak, Jaime Comella, Alexi Almonte, Philip A Chan
BACKGROUND: In Rhode Island, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has led to over 95% of the state's population being insured. We evaluated insurance coverage and barriers to insurance use among patients presenting for services at the Rhode Island sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic. METHODS: We analyzed factors associated with insurance coverage and utilization among patients presenting for STD services between July and December 2015. RESULTS: A total of 692 patients had insurance information available; of those, 40% were uninsured...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407649/lymphogranuloma-venereum-serovar-l2b-presenting-with-painful-genital-ulceration-an-emerging-clinical-presentation
#15
Roger Haber, Ismaël Maatouk, Bertille de Barbeyrac, Martine Bagot, Michel Janier, Sébastien Fouéré
These 5 cases of atypical inflammatory lymphogranula venereum (LGV) serovar L2b presenting initially with edema and persistent painful ulceration illustrate that clinical manifestations of LGV in the current outbreak in men who have sex with men reflect the influence of both the serovars virulence and the host immune system and are not confined to proctitis. L2b serovar could have a particular high virulence profile, and the need for awareness of LGV as a cause of genital ulceration is crucial.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407648/international-sexual-partnerships-may-be-shaped-by-sexual-histories-and-socioeconomic-status
#16
Hong-Ha M Truong, Megha Mehrotra, Orlando Montoya, Javier R Lama, Juan V Guanira, Martín Casapía, Valdiléa G Veloso, Susan P Buchbinder, Kenneth H Mayer, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Mauro Schechter, Linda-Gail Bekker, Esper G Kallás, Robert M Grant
Exchange sex and higher education were associated with an increased likelihood of international sexual partnerships (ISPs). Exchange sex and older age were associated with an increased likelihood of condomless sex in ISPs. Educational and socioeconomic factors may create unbalanced power dynamics that influence exchange sex and condomless sex in ISPs.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407647/syphilis-masquerading-as-mass-lesions-the-utility-of-modern-day-imaging-and-molecular-sequencing-in-clinical-diagnosis
#17
Ray Junhao Lin, Saugata Choudhury, Cheng Chuan Lee, Tau Hong Lee
Syphilis has been known to present in a myriad of symptoms throughout the ages, and until this day, the diagnosis remains elusive to the modern physician. We present 2 unusual cases of syphilis that posed diagnostic challenges even in the current era of new and advancing diagnostic tests.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407646/assessing-the-performance-of-3-human-immunodeficiency-virus-incidence-risk-scores-in-a-cohort-of-black-and-white-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-south
#18
Jeb Jones, Martin Hoenigl, Aaron J Siegler, Patrick S Sullivan, Susan Little, Eli Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Risk scores have been developed to identify men at high risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroconversion. These scores can be used to more efficiently allocate public health prevention resources, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis. However, the published scores were developed with data sets that comprise predominantly white men who have sex with men (MSM) collected several years prior and recruited from a limited geographic area. Thus, it is unclear how well these scores perform in men of different races or ethnicities or men in different geographic regions...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407645/designing-human-immunodeficiency-virus-counselling-and-testing-services-to-maximize-uptake-among-high-school-learners-in-south-africa-what-matters
#19
Michael Strauss, Gavin George, Bruce Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Increasing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in South Africa is vital for the HIV response. Targeting young people is important as they become sexually active and because HIV risk rapidly increases as youth enter their 20s. This study aims to increase the understanding of high school learners' preferences regarding the characteristics of HIV testing service delivery models and to inform policy makers and implementers regarding potential barriers to and facilitators of HIV testing...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407644/mobile-phone-and-internet-use-mostly-for-sex-seeking-and-associations-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sample-characteristics-among-black-african-american-and-hispanic-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-3-us-cities
#20
Jacob E Allen, Gordon Mansergh, Matthew J Mimiaga, Jeremy Holman, Jeffrey H Herbst
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a relatively high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study examines the association of self-reported STIs and use of mobile phones and/or computer-based Internet to meet sexual partners among black and Hispanic/Latino MSM in the United States. METHODS: Black and Hispanic/Latino MSM (N = 853) were recruited from 3 US cities (Chicago, IL; Kansas City, MO; and Fort Lauderdale, FL) via online and community outreach...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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