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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984554/trichomonas-vaginalis-treated-with-boric-acid-in-a-metronidazole-allergic-female
#1
Kandis Vechelle Backus, Christina A Muzny, Laura S Beauchamps
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984553/prevalence-and-predictors-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-selected-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-new-focus-to-get-to-zero
#2
Elia John Mmbaga, Kåre Moen, Neema Makyao, Melkizedeck Leshabari
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in Tanzania indicated that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) could be as high as 40%. We aim to provide data on the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infection among PWIDs to inform national plans to get to zero. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling was used to collect drug use, and sexual practices data among PWIDs aged 15 years and older. Blood samples were examined for HIV, herpes simplex virus type 2, syphilis, and hepatitis B...
December 14, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984552/increased-detection-of-pharyngeal-and-rectal-gonorrhea-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-after-transition-from-culture-to-nucleic-acid-amplification-testing
#3
Vincent J Cornelisse, Eric P F Chow, Sarah Huffam, Christopher K Fairley, Melanie Bissessor, Vesna De Petra, Benjamin P Howden, Ian Denham, Catriona S Bradshaw, Deborah Williamson, Marcus Y Chen
BACKGROUND: This before-and-after study measured the impact of a change in testing methods from culture to nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) on the detection of pharyngeal and rectal gonorrhea in men who have sex with men (MSM) on a sexual health service level, including the effect on subgroups anticipated to have higher rates of gonorrhea. METHODS: In March 2015, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre changed its laboratory method for gonococcal testing from culture to NAAT using the Aptima Combo 2 and Aptima GC tests...
December 14, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984551/use-of-the-aptima-combo-2-assay-and-a-secondary-algorithm-to-detect-and-confirm-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-rectal-only-infections
#4
Kanti Pabbaraju, Sallene Wong, Kara Gill, Alberto Severini, Felicia Roy, Jennifer Gratrix, Ameeta E Singh, Prenilla Naidu, Ron Read, Steven J Drews
We sought to confirm the results of 81 rectal specimens positive for Chlamydia trachomatis by the APTIMA Combo 2 assay among patients with concurrently collected negative genitourinary specimens. A total of 79 (97.5%) samples were confirmed by the APTIMA single target assay and/or sequencing of the C. trachomatis ompA gene.
December 14, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182592/transmission-behaviors-and-prevalence-of-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-among-adult-film-performers
#5
Marjan Javanbakht, M Claire Dillavou, Robert W Rigg, Peter R Kerndt, Pamina M Gorbach
BACKGROUND: Adult film work involves multiple sex partners, unprotected intercourse and frequent oral/rectal contact. Data on sexual networks and sexual behaviors of adult film performers (AFP) are limited. METHODS: From August 2012 to May 2013, AFPs in Los Angeles, CA, seeking care at 2 clinics that provide sexually transmitted infections (STIs) testing to performers were offered urogenital, pharyngeal, and rectal chlamydia/gonorrhea testing. Participants were 18 years or older and performed in at least 1 adult film scene within the past year...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182591/comparison-of-cobas-4800-m2000-viper-xtr-and-infinity-80-automated-instruments-when-processing-urine-specimens-for-the-diagnosis-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#6
Max A Chernesky, Dan Jang, Jodi Gilchrist, Marek Smieja, Manuel Arias, Todd Hatchette, Andre Poirier, Donna Mayne, Sam Ratnam
OBJECTIVES: North American and European advisory groups recommend testing for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) with nucleic acid amplification tests. Testing is often performed on automated instruments. The objectives of this study were to process urines for the diagnosis of CT and NG and to examine workflow procedures and outcomes. METHODS: While processing 1, 24, 48, 96, and 192 urine specimens on 3 batch-mode systems which use 96-well plates: cobas 4800, m2000, and Viper XTR and the random access cartridge testing GeneXpert Infinity 80, we measured assay performance, hands-on time for processing and maintenance, reagents and plastics consumption, time required to obtain results, and testing accuracy...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178119/the-diagnosis-of-nongonococcal-urethritis-in-men-can-there-be-a-universal-standard
#7
Cornelis A Rietmeijer, Christie J Mettenbrink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178118/microscopy-of-stained-urethral-smear-in-male-urethritis-which-cutoff-should-be-used
#8
Harald Moi, Usha Hartgill, Kristin Helene Skullerud, Elina J Reponen, Line Syvertsen, Amir Moghaddam
BACKGROUND: The microscopical diagnosis of male urethritis was recently questioned by Rietmeijer and Mettenbrink, lowering the diagnostic criteria of the diagnosis to ≥2 polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNL) per high power field (HPF), and adopted by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in their 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines. The European Non-Gonococcal Urethritis Guideline advocates a limit of ≥5 PMNL/HPF. OBJECTIVE: To determine if syndromic treatment of urethritis should be considered with a cutoff value of ≥2 PMNL/HPF in urethral smear...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178117/opinion-the-goose-and-the-gander-sexually-transmitted-infection-hiv-prevention-and-the-adult-entertainment-industry
#9
Cornelis A Rietmeijer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178116/genital-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-indian-hiv-seropositive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Anantharam Raghavendran, Alexandra L Hernandez, Shelly Lensing, Manu Gnanamony, Rajiv Karthik, Murgesan Sivasubramanian, Rajesh Kannangai, Priya Abraham, Dilip Mathai, Joel M Palefsky
BACKGROUND: The incidence of penile cancer in Indian men is high. Little is known about genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in Indian HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men (MSM), a population that may be at particularly high risk for genital HPV infection and, potentially, penile cancer. In this study, we assessed the prevalence and risk factors for genital HPV infection in this population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three hundred HIV-seropositive MSM were recruited from 2 clinical sites in India...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178115/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-with-multiple-genotypes-in-the-united-states
#11
Thanh Cong Bui, Ly Thi-Hai Tran, Thuy Nhu Thai, Sanjay S Shete, Damon J Vidrine, Erich M Sturgis
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection with multiple genotypes in the United States. METHODS: Data were from the nationally representative 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. This analysis comprised 9257 participants for whom data on oral HPV (37 genotypes) and associated risk factors were available. RESULTS: The weighted prevalence of multitype (2-6 types) oral HPV infection was 1...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178114/resistance-to-ceftriaxone-and-azithromycin-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-from-7-countries-of-south-america-and-the-caribbean-2010-2011
#12
Sidharath Dev Thakur, Pamela Araya, Graciela Borthagaray, Patricia Galarza, Alina Llop Hernandez, Daisy Payares, Olga Marina Sanabria Cruz, Maria Elena Trigoso Carvallo, Aura Helena Corredor, Jo-Anne R Dillon
Seven countries in Latin America and the Caribbean report on (2010 and 2011) the susceptibility of 2235 isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to 6 antibiotics. Thirteen isolates had ceftriaxone minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.125 to ≥ 0.25 mg/L. The percentage of resistant isolates to the following antibiotics was: azithromycin, 1.0% to 1.7%; ciprofloxacin, 42.1% to 36.2%; penicillin, 31% to 35%; tetracycline, 21.8% to 22.6%.
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178113/considerations-for-strengthening-surveillance-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-antimicrobial-resistance-and-interpreting-surveillance-data
#13
Robert D Kirkcaldy, Karen Schlanger, John R Papp, Elizabeth A Torrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178112/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-japan-from-2000-to-2015
#14
Mitsuru Yasuda, Kyoko Hatazaki, Shin Ito, Masataka Kitanohara, Mutsumasa Yoh, Munekado Kojima, Harunori Narita, Akira Kido, Kazutoyo Miyata, Takashi Deguch
BACKGROUND: Gonococcal infections are difficult to treat because of their multidrug antimicrobial resistance. The outbreak of antimicrobial-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae has begun in Asia and particularly in Japan. Therefore, it is very important that we understand the trend of antimicrobial resistance of N. gonorrhoeae in Asia including Japan. Our surveillance of the antimicrobial susceptibility of N. gonorrhoeae began in 2000 under the guidance of the Department of Urology, Gifu University...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178111/demographics-behaviors-and-sexual-health-characteristics-of-high-risk-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-who-use-social-media-to-meet-sex-partners-in-lima-peru
#15
Jeremy Y Chow, Kelika A Konda, Gino M Calvo, Jeffrey D Klausner, Carlos F Cáceres
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW) in Peru bear a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In a context of quickly expanding communication technology, increasing numbers of MSM and TW are using social media applications to seek sex partners. Understanding social media users and their sex partnering practices is needed to update HIV and STI prevention programming. METHODS: In Lima, Peru, 312 MSM and 89 TW from 2 STI clinics underwent HIV and STI testing and participated in a survey of demographics, behaviors, sexual health, and social media practices...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178110/sexually-transmitted-infections-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-are-we-applying-the-lessons-learned
#16
Barbara Van Der Pol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178109/risk-factors-for-incidence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-women-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-chemoprevention-trial-voice-mtn-003
#17
Zvavahera Mike Chirenje, Holly M Gundacker, Barbra Richardson, Lorna Rabe, Zakir Gaffoor, Gonasagrie Lulu Nair, Brenda Gati Mirembe, Jeanna M Piper, Sharon Hillier, Jeanne Marrazzo
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, there are limited data on the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among women, largely because routine screening for asymptomatic infection is not performed. We conducted a secondary analysis to measure STI incidence rates and determine risk factors for new STI acquisition among women enrolled in the VOICE trial. METHODS: We analyzed data from 4843 women screened for chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and trichomonas infection at baseline, annually, at interim visits when clinically indicated and at their study termination visit...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081047/the-challenges-of-implementing-and-evaluating-prescription-expedited-partner-treatment
#18
Patricia J Kissinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081046/evaluation-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-serological-tests-for-use-with-dried-blood-spots-in-kenya
#19
Marcia M Hobbs, Sophie W Mwanyumba, Winnie K Luseno, Shane Hartman, Carolyn T Halpern, Denise D Hallfors, Hyunsan Cho
We evaluated 2 assays to detect antibodies to herpes simplex virus type 2 in dried blood spots prepared from blood specimens submitted to a reference laboratory in Kenya. Dried blood spots did not perform well with the Kalon herpes simplex virus type 2 assay. Focus HerpeSelect 2 was 98.8% sensitive and 98.9% specific with dried blood spots.
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081045/changes-in-the-distribution-of-sex-partners-in-the-united-states-2002-to-2011-2013
#20
Christopher R Harper, Patricia J Dittus, Jami S Leichliter, Sevgi O Aral
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current analysis is to examine subgroup differences in the distribution of opposite-sex sex partners in the United States across an approximate 10-year period to identify patterns that may inform sexually transmitted infection research and prevention. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2002 and 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth, a US probability-based household survey focusing on sexual and reproductive health. The measures included in this analysis were lifetime opposite-sex sex partners and opposite-sex sex partners in the past year...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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