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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Richard A Crosby, Laura F Salazar, Leandro Mena, Angelica Geter
OBJECTIVE: To assess internalized homophobia (IH) and its relationship to sexual risk behaviors and prevalence of sexually transmitted infection (STIs) in a clinic-based sample of young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). METHODS: Six hundred YBMSM completed a self-interview and provided specimens for testing. A 7-item scale assessed IH, and 19 sexual risk behaviors were assessed. RESULTS: In adjusted models, compared with men with less IH, those with greater IH were more likely to report: any condomless anal receptive sex (P = 0...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Karine Blouin, Pascale Leclerc, Carole Morissette, Élise Roy, Caty Blanchette, Raymond Parent, Bouchra Serhir, Michel Alary
BACKGROUND: Recent analyses have shown an emerging positive association between sex work and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in the SurvUDI network. METHODS: Participants who had injected in the past 6 months were recruited across the Province of Quebec and in the city of Ottawa, mainly in harm reduction programs. They completed a questionnaire and provided gingival exudate for HIV antibody testing. The associations with HIV seroconversion were tested with a Cox proportional hazard model using time-dependent covariables including the main variable of interest, sexual activity (sex work; no sex work; sexually inactive)...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Darcy White, Kate S Wilson, Linnet N Masese, George Wanje, Walter Jaoko, Kishorchandra Mandaliya, Barbra A Richardson, John Kinuthia, Jane M Simoni, R Scott McClelland
BACKGROUND: Studies of alcohol use and sexual behavior in African populations have primarily been cross-sectional, used nonvalidated measures of alcohol use, or relied on self-reported sexual risk endpoints. Few have focused on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive women. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected from a cohort of HIV-positive Kenyan female sex workers. At enrollment and annual visits, participants were asked about past-year alcohol use using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Leslie Massad, Marla Keller, Xianhong Xie, Howard Minkoff, Joel Palefsky, Gypsyamber DʼSouza, Christine Colie, Maria Villacres, Howard Strickler
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection predisposes women to genital coinfection with human papillomaviruses (HPVs). Concurrent infection with multiple HPV types has been documented, but its frequency, correlates, and impact on development of precancer are poorly defined in HIV-seropositive women. METHODS: Human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive women and -seronegative comparison women were enrolled in a cohort study and followed every 6 months from 1994 to 2006...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Gui Liu, Elizabeth R Unger, Susan Hariri, Martin Steinau, Lauri E Markowitz
Before any vaccine introduction, overall DNA prevalence of any 9-valent human papillomavirus (9vHPV) types, HPV 31/33/45/52/58, and HPV 16/18 was 16.0%, 9.5%, and 6.2%, respectively, among female participants in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Non-Hispanic black females were more likely to have infection with HPV 31/33/45/52/58, but not HPV 16/18, compared to non-Hispanic white females.
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Samara Perez, Gilla K Shapiro, Ovidiu Tatar, Keven Joyal-Desmarais, Zeev Rosberger
BACKGROUND: Parents' human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination decision-making is strongly influenced by their attitudes and beliefs toward vaccination. To date, psychometrically evaluated HPV vaccination attitudes scales have been narrow in their range of measured beliefs and often limited to attitudes surrounding female HPV vaccination. The study aimed to develop a comprehensive, validated and reliable HPV vaccination attitudes and beliefs scale among parents of boys. METHODS: Data were collected from Canadian parents of 9- to 16-year-old boys using an online questionnaire completed in 2 waves with a 7-month interval...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Edith Nakku-Joloba, Agnes Kiragga, Joshua Kimeze Mbazira, Fred Kambugu, Mary Jett-Goheen, Rosalind Parkes Ratanshi, Charlotte Gaydos, Yukari C Manabe
A diagnostic performance study comparing the only Food and Drug Administration-approved, point-of-care (POC) treponemal test (Syphilis Health Check) and the World Health Organization pre-qualified SD Bioline POC treponemal test against a treponemal hemagglutination test (TPHA) and a sequential algorithm of nontreponemal rapid plasma reagin and TPHA found both POC tests had >85% sensitivity compared with the TPHA and >85% sensitivity and >95% specificity compared with the rapid plasma reagin and TPHA standards...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Alissa Davis, Anindita Dasgupta, Dawn Goddard-Eckrich, Nabila El-Bassel
BACKGROUND: The United States has a large community supervision population, a growing number of whom are women. Trichomonas vaginalis infection is strongly associated with an increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition and transmission, particularly among women, but there is a paucity of research on HIV and T. vaginalis co-infection among women under community supervision. METHODS: This article examines the prevalence of T. vaginalis infection and T...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Jennifer Nall, Breona Barr, Candice J McNeil, Laura H Bachmann
From January 1, 2014, to May 31, 2015, 452 individuals received extragenital nucleic acid amplification-based Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis testing through public health venues. Seventy-four individuals (16%) tested positive for Neisseria gonorrhoeae and/or Chlamydia trachomatis at an extragenital site and 40 (54%) would not have been effectively diagnosed and treated in the absence of extragenital testing.
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Patricia J Kissinger, Scott White, Lisa E Manhart, Jane Schwebke, Stephanie N Taylor, Leandro Mena, Christine M Khosropour, Larissa Wilcox, Norine Schmidt, David H Martin
BACKGROUND: Three recent prospective studies have suggested that the 1-g dose of azithromycin for Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) was less effective than expected, reporting a wide range of treatment failure rates (5.8%-22.6%). Reasons for the disparate results could be attributed to geographic or methodological differences. The purpose of this study was to reexamine the studies and attempt to harmonize methodologies to reduce misclassification as a result of false positives from early test-of-cure (TOC) or reinfection as a result of sexual exposure rather than treatment failure...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
I Putu Yuda Hananta, Alje P van Dam, Sylvia Maria Bruisten, Maarten Franciscus Schim van der Loeff, Hardyanto Soebono, Henry John Christiaan de Vries
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of asymptomatic urogenital gonorrhea and antimicrobial susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) strains circulating in Indonesia. We studied these issues in 3 large Indonesian cities. METHODS: In 2014, participants were recruited from sexually transmitted infection clinics and through outreach in Jakarta, Yogyakarta, and Denpasar. Neisseria gonorrhoeae detection in genital specimens was performed with NG-qPCR at the Public Health Service in Amsterdam...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Julia C Dombrowski, Byron E Batteiger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Guoyu Tao, Chirag G Patel
OBJECTIVES: To assess state variations in eligibility criteria based on enrollment length and sexual activity on chlamydia testing rates among Medicaid female enrollees aged 15 to 25 years and potential impact of the representatives of testing rates. METHODS: We used 2010 Medicaid Analytic eXtract to estimate and compare the overall and state-level prevalence of gaps in coverage of ≥ 2 consecutive months, service utilization associated with sexuality, and chlamydia testing rates among Medicaid female enrollees aged 15 to 25 years who had ≥ 1 month of the full scope of Medicaid benefits and had ≥ 1 health service claim...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Christopher B Hurt, Karina Soni, William C Miller, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
BACKGROUND: Young, black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) experience disproportionately high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence in the United States. Relative to other at-risk populations, less is known about their HIV testing behaviors and preferences regarding self-testing. METHODS: We used an online survey to investigate testing practices and interest in self-testing among HIV-uninfected, 18- to 30-year-old YBMSM in North Carolina. RESULTS: From July 2014 to March 2015, 212 completed the survey; median age was 24 years...
September 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Claudio Foschi, Nicoletta Banzola, Valeria Gaspari, Antonietta D'Antuono, Roberto Cevenini, Antonella Marangoni
We report the first case of reactive arthritis associated with lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in an Italian human immunodeficiency virus-negative woman with urogenital and rectal Chlamydia trachomatis L2 serovar infection. The LGV-associated arthritis has to be considered even when classic symptoms of arthritis are missing and in case of asymptomatic or cryptic LGV localizations.
September 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Barbara J Molini, Lauren C Tantalo, Sharon K Sahi, Veronica I Rodriguez, Stephanie L Brandt, Mark C Fernandez, Charmie B Godornes, Christina M Marra, Sheila A Lukehart
BACKGROUND: High rates of 23S rDNA mutations implicated in macrolide resistance have been identified in Treponema pallidum samples from syphilis patients in many countries. Nonetheless, some clinicians have been reluctant to abandon azithromycin as a treatment for syphilis, citing the lack of a causal association between these mutations and clinical evidence of drug resistance. Although azithromycin resistance has been demonstrated in vivo for the historical Street 14 strain, no recent T...
September 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Virginia Senkomago, Danielle M Backes, Michael G Hudgens, Charles Poole, Steven R Meshnick, Kawango Agot, Stephen Moses, Peter Jf Snijders, Chris Jlm Meijer, Albertus T Hesselink, Nicolas F Schlecht, Robert C Bailey, Jennifer S Smith
BACKGROUND: Whether higher penile human papillomavirus (HPV) viral load is associated with a lower rate of HPV clearance remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between penile HPV16 and HPV18 viral load and subsequent HPV clearance in uncircumcised Kenyan men. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seronegative, sexually active, 18- to 24-year-old men randomized to the control arm of a male circumcision trial in Kisumu, Kenya...
September 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Linda Oseso, Amalia S Magaret, Keith R Jerome, Julie Fox, Anna Wald
BACKGROUND: Current treatment of genital herpes is focused on ameliorating signs and symptoms but is not curative. However, as potential herpes simplex virus (HSV) cure approaches are tested in the laboratory, we aimed to assess the interest in such studies by persons with genital herpes and the willingness to assume risks associated with experimental therapy. METHODS: We constructed an anonymous online questionnaire that was posted on websites that provide information regarding genital herpes...
September 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Martijn van Rooijen, Titia Heijman, Nynke de Vrieze, Anouk Urbanus, Arjen Speksnijder, Petra van Leeuwen, Henry de Vries, Maria Prins
BACKGROUND: In 2007, routine hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody testing was introduced for men who have sex with men (MSM) with a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive or unknown status attending a Dutch sexually transmitted infection (STI) outpatient clinic. We evaluated whether this screening resulted in additional and earlier HCV diagnoses among MSM who also attend HIV clinics. METHODS: At first STI consultation, HIV-positive MSM and MSM opting-out of HIV testing (HIV-status-unknown) were tested for HCV antibodies (anti-HCV)...
September 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Katherine Kendrick, Veronica Brown, Caleb Lords, James Matthias, Ian Henning, Carina Blackmore, Anna Likos
BACKGROUND: During a routine human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) investigation, Florida Department of Health staff identified a house (house A) in which over 150 individuals had resided at least briefly. Further investigation revealed that house A is used by the producer of a small adult film production company to board his actors. This report describes sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence among male actors in gay adult films residing in a common Florida residence. METHODS: LexisNexis Accurint was used to identify house A residents since October 2002 when the producer arrived...
September 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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