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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708696/prevalence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-cisgender-and-transgender-women-sex-workers-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia-results-from-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#1
Jeffrey A Wickersham, Britton A Gibson, Alexander R Bazazi, Veena Pillai, Courtney J Pedersen, Jaimie P Meyer, Nabila El-Bassel, Kenneth H Mayer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Sex workers face a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) worldwide. For cisgender women sex workers (CWSW), global HIV prevalence is over 10%, whereas transgender women sex workers (TWSW) face an HIV burden of 19% to 27%. METHODS: We used respondent-driven sampling to recruit 492 sex workers, including CWSW (n = 299) and TWSW (n = 193) in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed an in-depth survey and were screened for HIV, syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae...
June 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806354/trends-in-adult-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-prevalence-incidence-and-urethral-discharge-case-reporting-in-morocco-over-1995-2015-estimates-using-the-spectrum-sexually-transmitted-infection-model
#2
Amina El-Kettani, Guy Mahiané, Aziza Bennani, Laith Abu-Raddad, Alex Smolak, Jane Rowley, Nico Nagelkerke, Houssine El-Rhilani, Kamal Alami, Amina Hançali, Eline Korenromp
BACKGROUND: Evolving health priorities and resource constraints mean that countries require data on sexually transmitted infections (STI) trends to inform program planning and resource allocation. METHODS: The Spectrum modeling tool estimated prevalence and incidence of gonorrhea and chlamydia in Morocco's 15- to 49-year-old population, based on prevalence surveys. Incident cases, broken down between symptomatic and asymptomatic, and treated versus untreated, were compared with urethral discharge (UD) case reports, to estimate reporting completeness among treated UD cases...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703726/motherhood-and-risk-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-mexico-us-border-region
#3
Argentina E Servin, Elizabeth Reed, Kimberly C Brouwer, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Sabrina Boyce, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Globally, female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a high-risk group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, as women of reproductive age, FSWs also have children. Few studies have investigated if financial responsibilities associated with motherhood increase women's vulnerability to HIV and STIs among FSWs. METHODS: From March 2013 to March 2014, 603 FSWs aged ≥18 years were recruited from Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez (Mexico) to participate in a study assessing HIV/STI risk environments...
August 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703724/mycoplasma-genitalium-on-the-loose-time-to-sound-the-alarm
#4
Lisa E Manhart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608796/the-natural-history-of-oral-human-papillomavirus-in-young-costa-rican-women
#5
Daniel C Beachler, Krystle A Lang Kuhs, Linda Struijk, John Schussler, Rolando Herrero, Carolina Porras, Allan Hildesheim, Bernal Cortes, Joshua Sampson, Wim Quint, Paula Gonzalez, Aimée R Kreimer
BACKGROUND: Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and related oropharyngeal cancer are uncommon in lower-income countries, particularly compared to HPV-associated cervical cancer. However, little is known about the natural history of oral HPV in less-developed settings and how it compares to the natural history of cervical HPV. METHODS: Three hundred fifty women aged 22 to 33 years from the Costa Rica Vaccine Trial provided exfoliated cells from the cervical and oral regions at 2 visits 2 years apart...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608795/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-2-us-cities-2012-2014
#6
Pamina M Gorbach, Ryan Cook, Beau Gratzer, Thomas Collins, Adam Parrish, Janell Moore, Peter R Kerndt, Richard A Crosby, Lauri E Markowitz, Elissa Meites
BACKGROUND: Since 2011, in the United States, quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been recommended for boys aged 11 to 12 years, men through age 21, and men who have sex with men (MSM) through age 26. We assessed HPV vaccination coverage and factors associated with vaccination among young MSM (YMSM) and transgender women (TGW) in 2 cities. METHODS: During 2012-2014, 808 YMSM and TGW aged 18 to 26 years reported vaccination status in a self-administered computerized questionnaire at 3 sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Los Angeles and Chicago...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608794/mycoplasma-genitalium-antibiotic-resistance-mediating-mutations-in-canadian-women-with-or-without-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection
#7
Max A Chernesky, Dan Jang, Irene Martin, Linda M N Hoang, Prenilla Naidu, Paul N Levett, John Wylie, Anu Rebbapragada, Sam Ratnam, Marek Smieja, Barbara Weinbaum, Damon Getman
Testing remnant Aptima specimens from women infected with Chlamydia trachomatis detected 13.4% (53/396) with Mycoplasma genitalium compared with 5.4% (22/406) in matched C. trachomatis-negative women. Overall, 9.4% (provincial ranges of 3-20%) were infected with M. genitalium and resistance mediating mutations were found in 47.3% (26/55) to macrolides and 1.9% (1/53) to fluoroquinolones by sequencing.
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608793/the-immunopathogenesis-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-infections-in-women-a-narrative-review
#8
Patricia M Dehon, Chris L McGowin
Mycoplasma genitalium is a common, predominately asymptomatic, and often undiagnosed sexually transmitted infection that is associated with inflammatory urogenital and reproductive tract disease syndromes of men and women. Without programmatic screening in the United States, and with increasing resistance to antibiotics used in empiric sexually transmitted infection management, undiagnosed M. genitalium infections put many women at risk for cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease. Chronic infection may also lead to tubal-factor infertility, adverse pregnancy outcomes in expectant mothers, and is a risk factor for acquisition and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608792/sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-with-long-acting-reversible-contraception-factors-associated-with-dual-use
#9
Erika L Thompson, Cheryl A Vamos, Stacey B Griner, Rachel Logan, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is extremely effective in preventing pregnancy; however, it does not provide sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention. Therefore, dual use is recommended for the prevention of STIs, in addition to pregnancy, by using LARC methods with condoms. This study assessed factors associated with LARC only use and dual-LARC and condom use among college women. METHODS: The National College Health Assessment-II Fall 2012 to 2013 was used for this analysis...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608791/biological-and-behavioral-factors-associated-with-positive-chlamydia-retests
#10
Kirsty S Smith, Rebecca Guy, Jennifer Danielewski, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Christopher K Fairley, Anna M McNulty, William Rawlinson, Marion Saville, Suzanne M Garland, Basil Donovan, John M Kaldor, Jane S Hocking
BACKGROUND: Repeat chlamydia detection after treatment is common, and there is concern that treatment failure may be a cause. METHODS: Within a randomized trial, we established a prospective cohort of 600 participants with anogenital chlamydia diagnoses (200 each of women, heterosexual men, and men who have sex with men [MSM]). Participants were invited for repeat testing at 3 months and to complete a behavioral survey at 4 months. Positive samples were analyzed for organism DNA load and genovar...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608790/playing-and-never-testing-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-among-app-using-msm-in-southeast-asia
#11
Kevin M Weiss, Kai J Jonas, Thomas E Guadamuz
Little is known about mobile application (app)-based behavior of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Thailand. A cross-sectional online assessment of app users in Bangkok found that more than a quarter have never tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and 1 in 3 never tested for sexually transmitted infections (STI). STI testing patterns and HIV testing frequency were highly associated with each other in multinomial logistic regression. In the midst of an escalating epidemic where HIV incidence among MSM is highest in Asia, apps can serve to engage those least likely to be reached by traditional methods of recruitment and outreach in Thailand...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608789/portrait-of-an-epidemic-extremely-high-human-immunodeficiency-virus-prevalence-and-incidence-among-young-black-men-having-sex-with-men-and-residing-in-a-southern-city
#12
Leandro Mena, Richard A Crosby
A 12-month prospective cohort study of 609 young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) assessed human immunodeficiency virus seroconversion. One-hundred-seventy men (27.9%) were either human immunodeficiency virus-infected before enrollment or tested positive within 30 days afterward. Thirty (4.9%) were classified as incident infections occurring in a 12-month period. Subtracting the 170 from the denominator, incidence was 6.8%.
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608788/increases-in-the-rate-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-findings-from-the-sexually-transmitted-disease-surveillance-network-2010-2015
#13
Mark R Stenger, Preeti Pathela, Greta Anschuetz, Heidi Bauer, Julieann Simon, Robert Kohn, Christina Schumacher, Elizabeth Torrone
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea) burden by sexual minority status in the United States are difficult to quantify. Sex of sex partner is not routinely collected for reported cases. Population estimates of men who have sex with men (MSM) necessary to calculate case rates have not been available until recently. For these reasons, trends in reported gonorrhea rates among MSM have not been described across multiple jurisdictions. METHODS: We estimated of the number of MSM cases reported in 6 jurisdictions continuously participating in the STD Surveillance Network 2010-2015 based on interviews with a random sample of cases...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608787/is-patient-reported-exposure-a-reliable-indicator-for-anogenital-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-screening-in-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Nicholas Chamberlain, Richard A Crosby, Leandro Mena, Philip A Chan, Kenneth H Mayer
Among 485 young black men who have sex with men recruited in Jackson, MS, 90-day anal sexual exposure significantly predicted rectal infection, but 19.4% of rectal infections would have been missed among men denying receptive anal sex. Reports of consistent condom use were associated with lower infection rates only in men reporting insertive anal sex.
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608786/new-human-immunodeficiency-virus-diagnosis-independently-associated-with-rectal-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#15
Lindley A Barbee, Christine M Khosropour, Julia C Dombrowksi, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Rectal sexually transmitted infections (STI) have been associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis, but inferring a causal association requires disentangling them from receptive anal intercourse (RAI). METHODS: We conducted a stratified case-control study by frequency matching 4 controls to each case within year using clinical data from men who have sex with men (MSM) attending the Seattle STD Clinic 2001 to 2014. Cases were MSM with a new HIV diagnosis and negative HIV test at 12 months or less...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604483/laboratory-evaluation-of-a-smartphone-based-electronic-reader-of-rapid-dual-point-of-care-tests-for-antibodies-to-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-treponema-pallidum-infections
#16
Sasha Herbst de Cortina, Claire C Bristow, Romney Humphries, Silver Keith Vargas, Kelika A Konda, Carlos F Caceres, Jeffrey D Klausner
BACKGROUND: Dual point-of-care tests for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Treponema pallidum allow for same-day testing and treatment and have been demonstrated to be cost-effective in preventing the adverse outcomes of HIV infection and syphilis. By recording and transmitting data as they are collected, electronic readers address challenges related to the decentralization of point-of-care testing. METHODS: We evaluated a smartphone-based electronic reader using 201 sera tested with 2 dual rapid tests for detection of antibodies to HIV and T...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604482/azithromycin-efficacy-in-asymptomatic-rectal-chlamydial-infection-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-more-definitive-answer-soon
#17
Byron E Batteiger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604481/comparative-evaluation-of-2-nucleic-acid-amplification-tests-for-the-detection-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-at-extragenital-sites
#18
Claire C Bristow, Mark R McGrath, Adam C Cohen, Laura J Anderson, Kristie K Gordon, Jeffrey D Klausner
Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) infections are frequently asymptomatic, requiring highly accurate diagnostic tests and proper management to prevent further transmission. We compared two nucleic acid tests, Xpert® CT/NG (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA) point-of-care platform and at an offsite clinical laboratory with Aptima Combo 2® (Hologic, Inc., San Diego, CA) assay, for the detection of extragenital infection in patients at an STI clinic in Hollywood, CA.We calculated concordance between the two assays and used the exact binomial method to calculate 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each specimen type and pathogen...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499291/a-survey-of-25-north-carolina-health-departments-districts-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-current-practices-to-seeking-reimbursement-from-third-party-payers-for-sexually-transmitted-disease-services
#19
Cheryl L Kovar, Susan Carter
BACKGROUND: North Carolina Administrative Code 10A Chapter 41A.0204 (a) states "local health departments shall provide diagnosis, testing, treatment, follow-up, and preventive services for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, … These services shall be provided upon request and at no charge to the patient." Although health departments/districts may bill governmental or nongovernmental insurance providers for sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, current billing practices are unknown...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499290/molecular-typing-of-syphilis-causing-strains-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-in-antwerp-belgium
#20
Lenka Mikalová, Linda Grillová, Kara Osbak, Michal Strouhal, Chris Kenyon, Tania Crucitti, David Šmajs
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and sequencing-based treponeme typing was used to analyze 72 blood samples, collected from human immunodeficiency virus and syphilis co-infected patients during 2014 to 2015 in Antwerp, Belgium. Twenty-nine (40.3%) isolates were polymerase chain reaction positive for Treponema pallidum, and all tested were macrolide-resistant. Four genotypes were identified by sequencing-based typing including two new genotypes, U4NR8 and SU9R8, whereas enhanced Centers for Disease Control and Prevention typing revealed 7 subtypes...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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