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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984554/trichomonas-vaginalis-treated-with-boric-acid-in-a-metronidazole-allergic-female
#1
Kandis Vechelle Backus, Christina A Muzny, Laura S Beauchamps
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984553/prevalence-and-predictors-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-selected-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-new-focus-to-get-to-zero
#2
Elia John Mmbaga, Kåre Moen, Neema Makyao, Melkizedeck Leshabari
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in Tanzania indicated that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) could be as high as 40%. We aim to provide data on the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infection among PWIDs to inform national plans to get to zero. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling was used to collect drug use, and sexual practices data among PWIDs aged 15 years and older. Blood samples were examined for HIV, herpes simplex virus type 2, syphilis, and hepatitis B...
December 14, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984552/increased-detection-of-pharyngeal-and-rectal-gonorrhea-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-after-transition-from-culture-to-nucleic-acid-amplification-testing
#3
Vincent J Cornelisse, Eric P F Chow, Sarah Huffam, Christopher K Fairley, Melanie Bissessor, Vesna De Petra, Benjamin P Howden, Ian Denham, Catriona S Bradshaw, Deborah Williamson, Marcus Y Chen
BACKGROUND: This before-and-after study measured the impact of a change in testing methods from culture to nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) on the detection of pharyngeal and rectal gonorrhea in men who have sex with men (MSM) on a sexual health service level, including the effect on subgroups anticipated to have higher rates of gonorrhea. METHODS: In March 2015, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre changed its laboratory method for gonococcal testing from culture to NAAT using the Aptima Combo 2 and Aptima GC tests...
December 14, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984551/use-of-the-aptima-combo-2-assay-and-a-secondary-algorithm-to-detect-and-confirm-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-rectal-only-infections
#4
Kanti Pabbaraju, Sallene Wong, Kara Gill, Alberto Severini, Felicia Roy, Jennifer Gratrix, Ameeta E Singh, Prenilla Naidu, Ron Read, Steven J Drews
We sought to confirm the results of 81 rectal specimens positive for Chlamydia trachomatis by the APTIMA Combo 2 assay among patients with concurrently collected negative genitourinary specimens. A total of 79 (97.5%) samples were confirmed by the APTIMA single target assay and/or sequencing of the C. trachomatis ompA gene.
December 14, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081047/the-challenges-of-implementing-and-evaluating-prescription-expedited-partner-treatment
#5
Patricia J Kissinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081046/evaluation-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-serological-tests-for-use-with-dried-blood-spots-in-kenya
#6
Marcia M Hobbs, Sophie W Mwanyumba, Winnie K Luseno, Shane Hartman, Carolyn T Halpern, Denise D Hallfors, Hyunsan Cho
We evaluated 2 assays to detect antibodies to herpes simplex virus type 2 in dried blood spots prepared from blood specimens submitted to a reference laboratory in Kenya. Dried blood spots did not perform well with the Kalon herpes simplex virus type 2 assay. Focus HerpeSelect 2 was 98.8% sensitive and 98.9% specific with dried blood spots.
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081045/changes-in-the-distribution-of-sex-partners-in-the-united-states-2002-to-2011-2013
#7
Christopher R Harper, Patricia J Dittus, Jami S Leichliter, Sevgi O Aral
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current analysis is to examine subgroup differences in the distribution of opposite-sex sex partners in the United States across an approximate 10-year period to identify patterns that may inform sexually transmitted infection research and prevention. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2002 and 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth, a US probability-based household survey focusing on sexual and reproductive health. The measures included in this analysis were lifetime opposite-sex sex partners and opposite-sex sex partners in the past year...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081044/evaluation-of-the-condom-barriers-scale-for-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-reliability-and-validity-of-3-subscales
#8
Richard A Crosby, Stephanie A Sanders, Cynthia A Graham, Robin Milhausen, William L Yarber, Leandro Mena
BACKGROUND: Reliable and valid scale measures of barriers to condom use are not available for young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Condom Barriers Scales for application with YBMSM. METHODS: A clinic-based sample of 600 YBMSM completed a computer-assisted self-interview. The primary measure was a 14-item abbreviated version of the Condom Barriers Scale. Reliability and criterion validity were assessed. RESULTS: All 3 subscales were reliable: partner-related barriers (Cronbach α=0...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081043/the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-endemic-maintaining-disease-transmission-in-at-risk-urban-areas
#9
Richard B Rothenberg, Dajun Dai, Mary Anne Adams, John Wesley Heath
OBJECTIVES: A study of network relationships, geographic contiguity, and risk behavior was designed to test the hypothesis that all 3 are required to maintain endemicity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in at-risk urban communities. Specifically, a highly interactive network, close geographic proximity, and compound risk (multiple high-risk activities with multiple partners) would be required. METHODS: We enrolled 927 participants from two contiguous geographic areas in Atlanta, GA: a higher-risk area and lower-risk area, as measured by history of HIV reporting...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079750/management-of-herpetic-urethritis-and-female-partners-of-men-with-nongonococcal-urethritis
#10
H Hunter Handsfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079749/should-female-partners-of-men-with-non-gonococcal-urethritis-negative-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-mycoplasma-genitalium-be-informed-and-treated-clinical-outcomes-from-a-partner-study-of-heterosexual-men-with-ngu
#11
Jason J Ong, Angela Sarumpaet, Eric P F Chow, Catriona Bradshaw, Marcus Chen, Tim Read, Christopher K Fairley
BACKGROUND: To determine if female partners of men with pathogen-negative non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) are at risk of genital infection. METHODS: Secondary data analysis using health records from a large sexually transmitted disease clinic in Melbourne of 1710 men and their female partners attending on the same day from January 2006 to April 2015. Proportions of female partners with symptoms suggesting genital infection or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) were determined for: (1) men with NGU and no Chlamydia trachomatis or Mycoplasma genitalium (referred to as pathogen-negative NGU) (n = 91); 2) men with urethral C...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079748/clinical-characteristics-of-herpes-simplex-virus-urethritis-compared-with-chlamydial-urethritis-among-men
#12
Jason J Ong, Anna N Morton, Helen R Henzell, Karen Berzins, Julian Druce, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona S Bradshaw, Tim Rh Read, Jane S Hocking, Marcus Y Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to ascertain the clinical characteristics associated with herpes simplex virus (HSV) urethritis in men and to compare those with chlamydial urethritis. METHODS: We compared clinical and laboratory data from men diagnosed with polymerase chain reaction confirmed HSV urethritis with those of men with chlamydial urethritis presenting to Melbourne Sexual Health Centre between 2000 and 2015. RESULTS: Eighty HSV urethritis cases were identified: 55 (68%, 95% confidence interval, 58-78) were by HSV-1 and 25 (32%, 95% confidence interval, 22-42) by HSV-2...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079747/how-reliable-is-microscopy-and-culture-for-the-diagnosis-of-gonorrhea-an-11-year-experience-from-india
#13
Aradhana Bhargava, Manju Bala, Vikram Singh, Naveen Chandra Joshi, Monika Kakran, Poonam Puri, Niti Khunger, Venkatesh Ramesh, Ashok Kumar Saxena
Positivity of microscopy and culture was greater (P < 0.0001) in men with urethral discharge syndrome (65.8%) than in women with vaginal/cervical discharge (0.5%), indicating that basic diagnostic tests may not be cost-effective for diagnosis of vaginal/cervical discharge syndrome. Microscopy when compared with culture showed sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 95.4%, 77.6%, 84.6%, and 95.3%, in men, whereas in women, it was 77.8%, 99.9%, 92.1%, and 99.9%, respectively...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079746/sentinel-surveillance-for-expedited-partner-therapy-prescriptions-using-pharmacy-data-in-2-new-york-city-neighborhoods-2015
#14
Ebiere Okah, Vibhuti Arya, Meighan Rogers, Michelle Kim, Julia Ann Schillinger
BACKGROUND: Expedited partner therapy (EPT) for Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is the practice of providing Ct-infected patients with medication, or prescription (prescription-EPT) to deliver to their sex partners without first examining those partners. New York City (NYC) providers commonly use prescription-EPT, yet NYC pharmacists report only occasional receipt of EPT prescriptions. This project assessed the frequency of EPT prescriptions filled in 2 NYC neighborhoods. METHODS: The 2 NYC facilities reporting the most frequent use of prescription-EPT were identified from Ct provider case reports and contacted to ascertain their EPT practices...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898577/decline-in-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-among-non-injecting-heroin-and-cocaine-users-in-new-york-city-2005-to-2014-prospects-for-avoiding-a-resurgence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#15
Don C Des Jarlais, Kamyar Arasteh, Jonathan Feelemyer, Courtney McKnight, Susan Tross, David C Perlman, Aimee N C Campbell, Holly Hagan, Hannah L F Cooper
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection increases both susceptibility to and transmissibility of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and HSV-2 and HIV are often strongly associated in HIV epidemics. We assessed trends in HSV-2 prevalence among non-injecting drug users (NIDUs) when HIV prevalence declined from 16% to 8% among NIDUs in New York City. METHODS: Subjects were current non-injecting users of heroin and/or cocaine and who had never injected illicit drugs...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984501/external-reviewers
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930501/hermeneutics-of-herpes-the-american-sexually-transmitted-diseases-association-distinguished-career-award-lecture
#17
Anna Wald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898576/sexually-transmitted-disease-testing-and-uptake-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-a-large-online-survey-of-us-men-who-have-sex-with-men-at-risk-for-hiv-infection-2012
#18
Erin M Kahle, Elissa Meites, R Craig Sineath, Muazzam Nasrullah, Kristina E Bowles, Elizabeth DiNenno, Patrick S Sullivan, Travis Sanchez
National guidelines recommend annual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease testing for sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM) and vaccination against human papillomavirus for MSM through age 26. A 2012 online survey of 2,794 MSM found that 51%, 36%, and 14% reported receiving human immunodeficiency virus testing, sexually transmitted disease testing, and human papillomavirus vaccination, respectively.
January 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898575/rate-of-decline-in-nontreponemal-antibody-titers-and-seroreversion-after-treatment-of-early-syphilis
#19
Arlene C Seña, Mark Wolff, Frieda Behets, David H Martin, Peter Leone, Carol Langley, Linda McNeil, Edward W Hook
BACKGROUND: Syphilis management is complex and demonstration of treatment response requires monitoring of nontreponemal antibody titers for a ≥ 4-fold decline and/or seroreversion to nonreactive titers. METHODS: We evaluated data from a multicenter clinical trial of syphilis treatment conducted from 2000 to 2009 involving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patients 18 years or older with early syphilis. To assess the rate of titer decline and seroreversion after effective therapy, rapid plasma reagin (RPR) titers were analyzed at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months among patients with an appropriate treatment response...
January 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898574/factors-associated-with-primary-care-physician-knowledge-of-the-recommended-regimen-for-treating-gonorrhea
#20
Marta Bornstein, Faruque Ahmed, Roxanne Barrow, Jami Fraze Risley, Sheena Simmons, Kimberly A Workowski
BACKGROUND: The recommended regimen for treating uncomplicated gonorrhea has changed over time, due to the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. We assessed physician knowledge of the recommendation for treating uncomplicated urogenital gonorrhea in adolescents and adults using ceftriaxone and azithromycin dual therapy. METHODS: We analyzed DocStyles 2015 survey data from 1357 primary care physicians practicing for at least 3 years who provided screening, diagnosis, or treatment for sexually transmitted diseases to one or more patients in an average month...
January 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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