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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876281/human-immunodeficiency-virus-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-testing-in-new-york-medicaid-enrolled-adolescents
#1
Li Yan Wang, Man-Huei Chang, Gale Burstein, Susan Hocevar Adkins
BACKGROUND: Although growing public health efforts have been expended on increasing adolescents' access to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing, little is known about the current utilization of those services in clinical settings. METHODS: Using 2010 to 2012 New York State Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services Medicaid Analytic eXtract data, we estimated the annual percentage of 13- to 19-year-olds who were tested for HIV, chlamydia (CT), and gonorrhea (GC)...
August 31, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876284/in-vitro-synergy-testing-of-gentamicin-an-old-drug-suggested-as-future-treatment-option-for-gonorrhoea-in-combination-with-six-other-antimicrobials-against-multidrug-resistant-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-strains
#2
Vikram Singh, Manju Bala, Aradhana Bhargava, Monika Kakran, Ravi Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: Emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a serious concern and combination therapy has been recommended to delay the onset of treatment failures. Gentamicin, an old and inexpensive antibiotic, is recommended in combination with azithromycin for treatment failures cases with the first-line regimen as per the latest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sexually transmitted disease treatment guidelines. However, not much literature is available on in vitro and in vivo efficacy of this combination...
August 30, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876283/correlates-of-self-reported-viral-suppression-among-hiv-positive-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-participating-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-internet-based-hiv-prevention-intervention
#3
Timothy William Menza, Seul-Ki Choi, Sara LeGrand, Kate Muessig, Lisa Hightow-Weidman
BACKGROUND: Young, black men who have sex with men are disproportionately impacted by the US HIV epidemic, and HIV-positive, young, black men who have sex with men face stark disparities in HIV clinical outcomes. METHODS: We performed an observational analysis of the 199 HIV-positive black men aged 18 to 30 years followed up for 12 months in healthMpowerment, a randomized controlled trial of an Internet-based HIV prevention intervention, to identify time-varying correlates of self-reported viral suppression using relative risk (RR) regression...
August 30, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876282/outcomes-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-referrals-from-public-sti-clinics-and-implications-for-the-preexposure-prophylaxis-continuum
#4
Ramona Bhatia, Laxmi Modali, Matthew Lowther, Nancy Glick, Margo Bell, Sarah Rowan, Kristin Keglovitz, John Schneider
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake remains low in high-risk populations. Sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics reach PrEP-eligible persons and may be ideal settings to model PrEP implementation. METHODS: Consenting PrEP-eligible patients identified at Chicago Department of Public Health STI Clinics were actively referred to PrEP partner sites between June 1, 2015, and May 31, 2016. Outcomes included successful contact by a partner site, linkage to a partner site, and receipt of a PrEP prescription...
August 30, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876287/does-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-youth-risk-behavior-survey-underreport-risky-sexual-behavior
#5
Bruce M King, Lauren E Marino, Kelly R Barry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876286/investigation-of-early-syphilis-trends-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-to-identify-gaps-in-screening-and-case-finding-in-baltimore-city-maryland
#6
Christina M Schumacher, Errol Fields, Aruna Chandran, Omeid Heidari, Yvonne Kingon, Patrick Chaulk, Jacky M Jennings
BACKGROUND: Syphilis incidence is increasing across the United States among men who have sex with men (MSM). Early latent (EL) versus primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis may be an indicator of delayed diagnosis and increased opportunity for transmission. To inform syphilis control strategies and identify potential gaps in case finding, we described recent syphilis trends among MSM and compared characteristics of syphilis cases by diagnosis stage. METHODS: We used public health surveillance data on P&S and EL syphilis diagnoses reported to the Baltimore City Health Department between 2009 and 2015...
August 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876285/a-web-application-to-facilitate-syphilis-reactor-grid-evaluations
#7
Tigran Avoundjian, Christine M Khosropour, Matthew R Golden, Lindley A Barbee, Julia C Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: Many health departments use a "reactor grid" to determine which laboratory-reported syphilis serologic test results require investigation. We developed a Web-based tool, the Syphilis Reactor Grid Evaluator (SRGE), to facilitate health department reactor grid evaluations and test the tool using data from Seattle & King County, Washington. METHODS: We developed SRGE using the R Shiny Web application framework. When populated with a data set including titer results and final disposition codes, SRGE displays the percent of verified early syphilis cases by serologic titer result and patient age in each cell of the grid...
August 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140891/the-evolution-of-hiv-testing-continues
#8
Kevin P Delaney, Laura G Wesolowski, Sherry Michele Owen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140890/selecting-an-hiv-test-a-narrative-review-for-clinicians-and-researchers
#9
Christopher B Hurt, Julie A E Nelson, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman, William C Miller
Given the many options available, selecting an HIV test for a particular clinical or research setting can be daunting. Making an informed decision requires an assessment of the likelihood of acute infection in the test population and an understanding of key aspects of the tests themselves. The ability of individual tests to reliably detect HIV infection depends on the target(s) being detected, when they can be expected to be present after infection, and the concentration of stable target in test specimens, all of which are explained by the virologic and serologic events after infection...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140889/can-chlamydia-serology-be-used-to-help-inform-a-potential-future-chlamydia-vaccination-strategy
#10
Patrick Horner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876312/screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-in-mombasa-kenya-feasibility-prevalence-and-correlates
#11
Linnet N Masese, George Wanje, Emmanuel Kabare, Valentine Budambula, Francis Mutuku, Grace Omoni, Anisa Baghazal, Barbra A Richardson, R Scott McClelland
INTRODUCTION: As adolescents and young women become sexually active, they are at risk of adverse reproductive health outcomes including sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We assessed feasibility and acceptability of STI screening among 15- to 24-year-old women in Mombasa, Kenya. METHODS: After sensitization activities, participants were recruited from 3 high schools and 1 university. Study staff conducted informational sessions. Students interested in participating were given consent forms to take home, and invited to visit our clinic for STI screening...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876304/human-papillomavirus-prevalence-is-associated-with-socioeconomic-gradients-within-a-medically-underserved-appalachian-region
#12
S Lee Ware, Richard Crosby, Rebecca Fisher, Michael E Hagensee
OBJECTIVES: To assess type-specific prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in a medically underserved Appalachian area and to determine whether gradients in poverty are associated with prevalence. METHODS: Among 398 women, a validated assay tested self-collected cervicovaginal samples for 37 HPV types. Three economic strata were created based on household income: below the federal poverty level for 1 person, between the FPLs for families of 1 to 4 persons, and above the FPL for a family of 4...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876303/determinants-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-intention-among-female-sex-workers-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#13
Elske Marra, Laura van Dam, Niki Kroone, Marianne Craanen, Gregory D Zimet, Titia Heijman, Arjan A Hogewoning, Gerard J B Sonder, Henry J C de Vries, Catharina J Alberts, Theo G W M Paulussen, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff
INTRODUCTION: Female sex workers (FSWs) are at risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced diseases but are currently not targeted by the HPV vaccination program in the Netherlands. We explored determinants of their intention to get vaccinated against HPV in case vaccination would be offered to them. METHODS: In 2016, FSWs 18 years and older having a sexually transmitted infection consultation with the Prostitution & Health Center (P&G292) in Amsterdam, either at the clinic or at their working location, were invited to complete a questionnaire assessing sociopsychological determinants of HPV vaccination intention (scale ranging from -3 to +3)...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876302/seroprevalence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-inner-city-children-and-adolescents-implications-for-vaccine-development
#14
Natalie Banniettis, Sirisha Thumu, Jeremy Weedon, Kobkul Chotikanatis, Aviva Szigeti, Margaret R Hammerschlag, Stephan A Kohlhoff
BACKGROUND: Prevention of Chlamydia trachomatis infection is an ideal application for a vaccine program, which should optimally be administered before sexual debut. However, there are limited epidemiologic studies of C. trachomatis infection in an unselected pediatric population since routine screening and treatment of pregnant women was implemented in the United States in 1993. METHODS: Anonymized serum samples were obtained from children younger than 21 years in 2 medical centers in Brooklyn, New York, from 2013 to 2015...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876301/longitudinal-findings-on-changes-in-and-the-link-between-hiv-related-communication-risky-sexual-behavior-and-relationship-status-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-living-with-hiv
#15
Julianne M Serovich, Tanja C Laschober, Monique J Brown, Judy A Kimberly
BACKGROUND: Reducing the risk of HIV transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM) is a national health priority. This study longitudinally examined changes in and the link between HIV-related communication, unprotected anal intercourse (UAI), and relationship status among MSM. METHODS: Data were obtained from 337 MSM living with HIV who participated in a randomized controlled study. Approximately equal percentages of men were randomized to either the disclosure intervention group or the attention control case management group...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876299/utilization-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-services-at-2-health-facilities-targeting-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-south-africa-a-retrospective-analysis-of-operational-data
#16
Kate Rees, Oscar Radebe, Clarissa Arendse, Charlotte Modibedi, Helen E Struthers, James A McIntyre, Remco P H Peters
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a key population, particularly vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV, but there are limited data on health programs targeting MSM in Africa. This study aims to describe the utilization of nongovernmental organization-supported sexual health services for MSM at 2 public sector health facilities in Johannesburg, South Africa. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed routine data over the period of January 2014 to June 2016...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876290/performance-of-commercial-enzyme-linked-immunoassays-for-diagnosis-of-herpes-simplex-virus-1-and-herpes-simplex-virus-2-infection-in-a-clinical-setting
#17
Elfriede Agyemang, Quynh-An Le, Terri Warren, Amalia S Magaret, Stacy Selke, Christine Johnston, Keith R Jerome, Anna Wald
BACKGROUND: US Food and Drug Administration-approved enzyme-linked immunoassays (EIA) for determining type-specific herpes simplex virus (HSV) serostatus are widely used in clinical practice. We compared the performance of such assays with the University of Washington Western blot (UW WB) in patients who sought confirmation of their HSV serology result. METHODS: We reviewed charts of all persons evaluated at the Westover Heights Clinic in Portland, Oregon, from July 2010 through September 2015, who had a HSV EIA, followed by UW WB...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023286/sti-versus-std-coda
#18
H Hunter Handsfield, Cornelis A Rietmeijer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876321/provider-adherence-to-syphilis-testing-recommendations-for-women-delivering-a-stillbirth
#19
Chirag G Patel, Jill S Huppert, Guoyu Tao
OBJECTIVE: To assess overall adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommended guidelines for syphilis testing among women who delivered a stillbirth and compare it with other tests recommended for stillbirth evaluation. METHODS: We used MarketScan claims data with 40 million commercially insured and 8 million Medicaid enrollees annually to estimate prenatal care and follow-up testing among women who had stillbirths between January 1, 2013, and December 24, 2013...
November 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876318/the-annual-economic-burden-of-syphilis-an-estimation-of-direct-productivity-and-intangible-costs-for-syphilis-in-guangdong-initiative-for-comprehensive-control-of-syphilis-sites
#20
Yaming Zou, Yu Liao, Fengying Liu, Lei Chen, Hongcheng Shen, Shujie Huang, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang, Yuantao Hao
BACKGROUND: Syphilis has continuously posed a great challenge to China. However, very little data existed regarding the cost of syphilis. Taking Guangdong Initiative for Comprehensive Control of Syphilis area as the research site, we aimed to comprehensively measure the annual economic burden of syphilis from a societal perspective. METHODS: Newly diagnosed and follow-up outpatient cases were investigated by questionnaire. Reported tertiary syphilis cases and medical institutions cost were both collected...
November 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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