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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282654/approach-to-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-for-men-at-an-urban-urgent-care-center
#1
Sarah B Schechter, Dina L Romo, Alwyn T Cohall, Natalie M Neu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates have increased among men. Urgent care centers are increasingly common sites for medical care. The objectives of this study are to describe practices surrounding STI testing at an urban urgent care center. METHODS: Electronic medical record data were analyzed for men ages 20 to 55 years seen at the urgent care center of a large urban hospital from June 7, 2011, to April 30, 2015 (n = 10,983). A subset of charts was reviewed to assess sexual history documentation (n = 906)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282653/comparison-of-in-person-versus-telephone-interviews-for-early-syphilis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-partner-services-in-king-county-washington-2010-2014
#2
Christine L Heumann, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Lisa E Manhart, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: The relative effectiveness of in-person versus telephone interviews for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease partner services (PS) is uncertain. METHODS: We compared outcomes of in-person versus telephone PS interviews for early syphilis (ES) and newly diagnosed HIV in King County, Washington from 2010 to 2014. We used multivariable Poisson regression to evaluate indices (number of partners per original patient [OP]) for partners named, notified, tested, diagnosed, and treated (ES only)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282652/treatment-outcomes-for-rectal-lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-doxycycline-azithromycin-or-both-a-review-of-clinical-cases
#3
Charussri Leeyaphan, Jason J Ong, Eric P F Chow, Karolina Dimovski, Fabian Y S Kong, Jane S Hocking, Ben Howden, Melanie Bissessor, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona Bradshaw, Timothy Read, Marcus Chen
Treatment for rectal lymphogranuloma venereum where doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 21 days was used-either alone or together with azithromycin 1 g single dose-resulted in microbiological cure of 97%. These data support doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 21 days as the preferred treatment for rectal lymphogranuloma venereum.
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282651/faster-and-riskier-online-context-of-sex-seeking-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#4
Bolin Cao, Chuncheng Liu, Gabriella Stein, Weiming Tang, John Best, Ye Zhang, Bin Yang, Shujie Huang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Many men who have sex with men (MSM) seek sex partners online, creating barriers and opportunities for human immunodeficiency virus prevention. The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of MSM and the risks associated with seeking sex through websites, gay apps, and both platforms in China. METHODS: Data were collected through a cross-sectional online survey from September through October 2014 from 3 large gay Web portals. Sociodemographic information, sexual behaviors, and online sex seeking behaviors were measured...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282650/benefits-and-potential-harms-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-self-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-an-implementation-perspective
#5
Yilu Qin, Weiming Tang, Amy Nowacki, Katie Mollan, Sarah A Reifeis, Michael G Hudgens, Ngai-Sze Wong, Haochu Li, Joseph D Tucker, Chongyi Wei
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus self-testing (HIVST) holds great promise for reaching high-risk key populations who do not access facility-based services. We sought to characterize unsupervised HIVST implementation among men who have sex with men in China. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide online survey in China. Eligible men were at least 16 years, had anal sex with a man, and had recent condomless sex. We assessed benefits (first-time testing, increased testing frequency, confirmatory testing) and potential harms (coercion, violence, suicidality) of HIVST...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282649/emerging-regional-and-racial-disparities-in-the-lifetime-risk-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-comparative-life-table-analysis-in-king-county-wa-and-mississippi
#6
Galant A Chan, Kendra L Johnson, Nicholas G Mosca, Thomas E Dobbs, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the lifetime risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis among US men who have sex with men (MSM), trends in risk and how risk varies between populations. METHODS: We used census and HIV surveillance data to construct life tables to estimate the cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis among cohorts of MSM born 1940 to 1994 in King County, Washington (KC) and Mississippi (MS). RESULTS: The cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis progressed in 3 phases...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282648/geospatial-planning-and-the-resulting-economic-impact-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-introduction-in-mozambique
#7
Leila A Haidari, Shawn T Brown, Dagna Constenla, Eli Zenkov, Marie Ferguson, Gatien de Broucker, Sachiko Ozawa, Samantha Clark, Allison Portnoy, Bruce Y Lee
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that the distance to the nearest immunization location can ultimately prevent someone from getting immunized. With the introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine throughout the world, a major question is whether the target populations can readily access immunization. METHODS: In anticipation of HPV vaccine introduction in Mozambique, a country with a 2015 population of 25,727,911, our team developed Strategic Integrated Geo-temporal Mapping Application) to determine the potential economic impact of HPV immunization...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282647/suboptimal-prenatal-syphilis-testing-among-commercially-insured-women-in-the-united-states-2013
#8
Robyn Neblett Fanfair, Guoyu Tao, Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Thomas L Gift, Kyle T Bernstein
United States surveillance data demonstrate that congenital syphilis cases are increasing. We performed an analysis of commercially insured pregnant females using MarketSan to determine syphilis screening rates at different prenatal stages; 85% of pregnant women in this population had a syphilis test performed at least once during the prenatal period.
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282646/point-of-care-sexually-transmitted-infection-diagnostics-proceedings-of-the-star-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinical-trial-group-programmatic-meeting
#9
Anthony D Cristillo, Claire C Bristow, Rosanna Peeling, Barbara Van Der Pol, Sasha Herbst de Cortina, Ivan K Dimov, Nitika Pant Pai, Dong Jin Shin, Ricky Y T Chiu, Catherine Klapperich, Purnima Madhivanan, Sheldon R Morris, Jeffrey D Klausner
The goal of the point-of-care (POC) sexually transmitted infection (STI) Diagnostics meeting was to review the state-of-the-art research and develop recommendations for the use of POC STI diagnostics. Experts from academia, government, nonprofit, and industry discussed POC diagnostics for STIs such as Chlamydia trachomatis, human papillomavirus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, and Treponema pallidum. Key objectives included a review of current and emerging technologies, clinical and public health benefits, POC STI diagnostics in developing countries, regulatory considerations, and future areas of development...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282645/haemophilus-influenzae-isolated-from-men-with-acute-urethritis-its-pathogenic-roles-responses-to-antimicrobial-chemotherapies-and-antimicrobial-susceptibilities
#10
Shin Ito, Kyoko Hatazaki, Ken Shimuta, Hiromi Kondo, Kosuke Mizutani, Mitsuru Yasuda, Keita Nakane, Tomohiro Tsuchiya, Shigeaki Yokoi, Masahiro Nakano, Makoto Ohinishi, Takashi Deguchi
BACKGROUND: There have been few comprehensive studies on Haemophilus influenza-positive urethritis. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 68 men with H. influenzae-positive urethritis, including coinfections with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and/or genital mycoplasmas: 2, 3, 20, and 43 treated with ceftriaxone, levofloxacin, sitafloxacin, and extended-release azithromycin (azithromycin-SR), respectively. We assessed microbiological outcomes in 54 men and clinical outcomes in 46 with H...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282644/antimicrobial-susceptibility-evaluation-and-multiple-locus-variable-number-tandem-repeat-analysis-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-in-china-in-2012
#11
Rui-Xing Yu, Yueping Yin, Xiu-Qin Dai, Shao-Chun Chen, Yan Han, Bing-Jie Zheng, Guo-Yi Zhang, Xiang-Sheng Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to gain information on the antimicrobial susceptibility and molecular epidemiological typing of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) isolates in China in 2012. METHODS: A total of 244 NG isolates were consecutively recovered from patients with uncomplicated gonorrhea attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in 3 Chinese cities-Guangzhou, Nanjing, and Tianjin-in 2012. Neisseria gonorrhoeae susceptibilities to penicillin and tetracycline were examined by detecting penicillinase-producing NG (PPNG) and high-level tetracycline-resistant NG, and NG susceptibilities to ciprofloxacin, spectinomycin, ceftriaxone, and cefixime were determined using an agar dilution method...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282365/antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-for-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-what-do-we-really-need-to-know-to-guide-public-health-interventions
#12
David A Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182592/transmission-behaviors-and-prevalence-of-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-among-adult-film-performers
#13
Marjan Javanbakht, M Claire Dillavou, Robert W Rigg, Peter R Kerndt, Pamina M Gorbach
BACKGROUND: Adult film work involves multiple sex partners, unprotected intercourse and frequent oral/rectal contact. Data on sexual networks and sexual behaviors of adult film performers (AFP) are limited. METHODS: From August 2012 to May 2013, AFPs in Los Angeles, CA, seeking care at 2 clinics that provide sexually transmitted infections (STIs) testing to performers were offered urogenital, pharyngeal, and rectal chlamydia/gonorrhea testing. Participants were 18 years or older and performed in at least 1 adult film scene within the past year...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182591/comparison-of-cobas-4800-m2000-viper-xtr-and-infinity-80-automated-instruments-when-processing-urine-specimens-for-the-diagnosis-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#14
Max A Chernesky, Dan Jang, Jodi Gilchrist, Marek Smieja, Manuel Arias, Todd Hatchette, Andre Poirier, Donna Mayne, Sam Ratnam
OBJECTIVES: North American and European advisory groups recommend testing for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) with nucleic acid amplification tests. Testing is often performed on automated instruments. The objectives of this study were to process urines for the diagnosis of CT and NG and to examine workflow procedures and outcomes. METHODS: While processing 1, 24, 48, 96, and 192 urine specimens on 3 batch-mode systems which use 96-well plates: cobas 4800, m2000, and Viper XTR and the random access cartridge testing GeneXpert Infinity 80, we measured assay performance, hands-on time for processing and maintenance, reagents and plastics consumption, time required to obtain results, and testing accuracy...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178119/the-diagnosis-of-nongonococcal-urethritis-in-men-can-there-be-a-universal-standard
#15
Cornelis A Rietmeijer, Christie J Mettenbrink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178118/microscopy-of-stained-urethral-smear-in-male-urethritis-which-cutoff-should-be-used
#16
Harald Moi, Usha Hartgill, Kristin Helene Skullerud, Elina J Reponen, Line Syvertsen, Amir Moghaddam
BACKGROUND: The microscopical diagnosis of male urethritis was recently questioned by Rietmeijer and Mettenbrink, lowering the diagnostic criteria of the diagnosis to ≥2 polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNL) per high power field (HPF), and adopted by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in their 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines. The European Non-Gonococcal Urethritis Guideline advocates a limit of ≥5 PMNL/HPF. OBJECTIVE: To determine if syndromic treatment of urethritis should be considered with a cutoff value of ≥2 PMNL/HPF in urethral smear...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178117/opinion-the-goose-and-the-gander-sexually-transmitted-infection-hiv-prevention-and-the-adult-entertainment-industry
#17
Cornelis A Rietmeijer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178116/genital-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-indian-hiv-seropositive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Anantharam Raghavendran, Alexandra L Hernandez, Shelly Lensing, Manu Gnanamony, Rajiv Karthik, Murgesan Sivasubramanian, Rajesh Kannangai, Priya Abraham, Dilip Mathai, Joel M Palefsky
BACKGROUND: The incidence of penile cancer in Indian men is high. Little is known about genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in Indian HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men (MSM), a population that may be at particularly high risk for genital HPV infection and, potentially, penile cancer. In this study, we assessed the prevalence and risk factors for genital HPV infection in this population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three hundred HIV-seropositive MSM were recruited from 2 clinical sites in India...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178115/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-with-multiple-genotypes-in-the-united-states
#19
Thanh Cong Bui, Ly Thi-Hai Tran, Thuy Nhu Thai, Sanjay S Shete, Damon J Vidrine, Erich M Sturgis
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection with multiple genotypes in the United States. METHODS: Data were from the nationally representative 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. This analysis comprised 9257 participants for whom data on oral HPV (37 genotypes) and associated risk factors were available. RESULTS: The weighted prevalence of multitype (2-6 types) oral HPV infection was 1...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178114/resistance-to-ceftriaxone-and-azithromycin-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-from-7-countries-of-south-america-and-the-caribbean-2010-2011
#20
Sidharath Dev Thakur, Pamela Araya, Graciela Borthagaray, Patricia Galarza, Alina Llop Hernandez, Daisy Payares, Olga Marina Sanabria Cruz, Maria Elena Trigoso Carvallo, Aura Helena Corredor, Jo-Anne R Dillon
Seven countries in Latin America and the Caribbean report on (2010 and 2011) the susceptibility of 2235 isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to 6 antibiotics. Thirteen isolates had ceftriaxone minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.125 to ≥ 0.25 mg/L. The percentage of resistant isolates to the following antibiotics was: azithromycin, 1.0% to 1.7%; ciprofloxacin, 42.1% to 36.2%; penicillin, 31% to 35%; tetracycline, 21.8% to 22.6%.
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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