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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407651/microscopy-and-culture-for-the-diagnosis-of-gonorrhea-methodological-issues-on-validity-and-reliability
#1
Siamak Sabour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407650/insurance-coverage-and-utilization-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-a-medicaid-expansion-state
#2
Madeline C Montgomery, Julia Raifman, Amy S Nunn, Thomas Bertrand, A Ziggy Uvin, Theodore Marak, Jaime Comella, Alexi Almonte, Philip A Chan
BACKGROUND: In Rhode Island, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has led to over 95% of the state's population being insured. We evaluated insurance coverage and barriers to insurance use among patients presenting for services at the Rhode Island sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic. METHODS: We analyzed factors associated with insurance coverage and utilization among patients presenting for STD services between July and December 2015. RESULTS: A total of 692 patients had insurance information available; of those, 40% were uninsured...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407649/lymphogranuloma-venereum-serovar-l2b-presenting-with-painful-genital-ulceration-an-emerging-clinical-presentation
#3
Roger Haber, Ismaël Maatouk, Bertille de Barbeyrac, Martine Bagot, Michel Janier, Sébastien Fouéré
These 5 cases of atypical inflammatory lymphogranula venereum (LGV) serovar L2b presenting initially with edema and persistent painful ulceration illustrate that clinical manifestations of LGV in the current outbreak in men who have sex with men reflect the influence of both the serovars virulence and the host immune system and are not confined to proctitis. L2b serovar could have a particular high virulence profile, and the need for awareness of LGV as a cause of genital ulceration is crucial.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407648/international-sexual-partnerships-may-be-shaped-by-sexual-histories-and-socioeconomic-status
#4
Hong-Ha M Truong, Megha Mehrotra, Orlando Montoya, Javier R Lama, Juan V Guanira, Martín Casapía, Valdiléa G Veloso, Susan P Buchbinder, Kenneth H Mayer, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Mauro Schechter, Linda-Gail Bekker, Esper G Kallás, Robert M Grant
Exchange sex and higher education were associated with an increased likelihood of international sexual partnerships (ISPs). Exchange sex and older age were associated with an increased likelihood of condomless sex in ISPs. Educational and socioeconomic factors may create unbalanced power dynamics that influence exchange sex and condomless sex in ISPs.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407647/syphilis-masquerading-as-mass-lesions-the-utility-of-modern-day-imaging-and-molecular-sequencing-in-clinical-diagnosis
#5
Ray Junhao Lin, Saugata Choudhury, Cheng Chuan Lee, Tau Hong Lee
Syphilis has been known to present in a myriad of symptoms throughout the ages, and until this day, the diagnosis remains elusive to the modern physician. We present 2 unusual cases of syphilis that posed diagnostic challenges even in the current era of new and advancing diagnostic tests.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407646/assessing-the-performance-of-3-human-immunodeficiency-virus-incidence-risk-scores-in-a-cohort-of-black-and-white-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-south
#6
Jeb Jones, Martin Hoenigl, Aaron J Siegler, Patrick S Sullivan, Susan Little, Eli Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Risk scores have been developed to identify men at high risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroconversion. These scores can be used to more efficiently allocate public health prevention resources, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis. However, the published scores were developed with data sets that comprise predominantly white men who have sex with men (MSM) collected several years prior and recruited from a limited geographic area. Thus, it is unclear how well these scores perform in men of different races or ethnicities or men in different geographic regions...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407645/designing-human-immunodeficiency-virus-counselling-and-testing-services-to-maximize-uptake-among-high-school-learners-in-south-africa-what-matters
#7
Michael Strauss, Gavin George, Bruce Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Increasing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in South Africa is vital for the HIV response. Targeting young people is important as they become sexually active and because HIV risk rapidly increases as youth enter their 20s. This study aims to increase the understanding of high school learners' preferences regarding the characteristics of HIV testing service delivery models and to inform policy makers and implementers regarding potential barriers to and facilitators of HIV testing...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407644/mobile-phone-and-internet-use-mostly-for-sex-seeking-and-associations-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sample-characteristics-among-black-african-american-and-hispanic-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-3-us-cities
#8
Jacob E Allen, Gordon Mansergh, Matthew J Mimiaga, Jeremy Holman, Jeffrey H Herbst
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a relatively high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study examines the association of self-reported STIs and use of mobile phones and/or computer-based Internet to meet sexual partners among black and Hispanic/Latino MSM in the United States. METHODS: Black and Hispanic/Latino MSM (N = 853) were recruited from 3 US cities (Chicago, IL; Kansas City, MO; and Fort Lauderdale, FL) via online and community outreach...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407643/the-use-of-mathematical-models-of-chlamydia-transmission-to-address-public-health-policy-questions-a-systematic-review
#9
Minttu M Rönn, Emory E Wolf, Harrell Chesson, Nicolas A Menzies, Kara Galer, Rachel Gorwitz, Thomas Gift, Katherine Hsu, Joshua A Salomon
BACKGROUND: Mathematical models of chlamydia transmission can help inform disease control policy decisions when direct empirical evaluation of alternatives is impractical. We reviewed published chlamydia models to understand the range of approaches used for policy analyses and how the studies have responded to developments in the field. METHODS: We performed a literature review by searching Medline and Google Scholar (up to October 2015) to identify publications describing dynamic chlamydia transmission models used to address public health policy questions...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407642/the-case-for-extragenital-screening-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-the-college-health-setting
#10
Lauren N Drinkard, Rebecca A Huxta, Ashlee Halbritter, Giang T Nguyen, David Malebranche
BACKGROUND: Although the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not recommend routine oropharyngeal and anorectal screening for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the general population, they do recommend it for men who have sex with men. However, risk-based extragenital screening of men may not have been adopted at all college health centers, and existing research has not focused on the college population. METHODS: We examined health records of men at a college health center in a large urban university over 6 years to evaluate effectiveness of C...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407641/adverse-birth-outcomes-and-maternal-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-infection-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-washington-state
#11
Christine L Heumann, Laura A S Quilter, McKenna C Eastment, Renee Heffron, Stephen E Hawes
BACKGROUND: Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea) remains an important cause of reproductive and obstetric complications. There has been limited population-based research to evaluate the association between maternal gonorrhea and adverse birth outcomes. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted of women with singleton pregnancies in Washington State from 2003 to 2014 using linked birth certificate and birth hospitalization discharge data. The exposed cohort consisted of women with gonorrhea diagnosed during pregnancy...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407640/wild-type-gyrase-a-genotype-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-predicts-in-vitro-susceptibility-to-ciprofloxacin-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#12
Lao-Tzu Allan-Blitz, Xiaoyan Wang, Jeffrey D Klausner
Multidrug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections have been declared 1 of the top 3 urgent threats to public health. Approaches to combat resistance include targeted therapy with antibiotics previously thought to be ineffective, made possible by rapid molecular assays to predict susceptibility. Previous studies have associated the gyrase A (gyrA) gene of N. gonorrhoeae with in vitro resistance to ciprofloxacin. We conducted a systematic review of studies comparing N. gonorrhoeae gyrA genotype results with conventional antimicrobial susceptibility testing results...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403030/keep-screening-maternal-gonococcal-infection-and-adverse-birth-outcomes
#13
Chelsea Lee Shannon, Jeffrey D Klausner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282654/approach-to-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-for-men-at-an-urban-urgent-care-center
#14
Sarah B Schechter, Dina L Romo, Alwyn T Cohall, Natalie M Neu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates have increased among men. Urgent care centers are increasingly common sites for medical care. The objectives of this study are to describe practices surrounding STI testing at an urban urgent care center. METHODS: Electronic medical record data were analyzed for men ages 20 to 55 years seen at the urgent care center of a large urban hospital from June 7, 2011, to April 30, 2015 (n = 10,983). A subset of charts was reviewed to assess sexual history documentation (n = 906)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282653/comparison-of-in-person-versus-telephone-interviews-for-early-syphilis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-partner-services-in-king-county-washington-2010-2014
#15
Christine L Heumann, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Lisa E Manhart, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: The relative effectiveness of in-person versus telephone interviews for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease partner services (PS) is uncertain. METHODS: We compared outcomes of in-person versus telephone PS interviews for early syphilis (ES) and newly diagnosed HIV in King County, Washington from 2010 to 2014. We used multivariable Poisson regression to evaluate indices (number of partners per original patient [OP]) for partners named, notified, tested, diagnosed, and treated (ES only)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282652/treatment-outcomes-for-rectal-lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-doxycycline-azithromycin-or-both-a-review-of-clinical-cases
#16
Charussri Leeyaphan, Jason J Ong, Eric P F Chow, Karolina Dimovski, Fabian Y S Kong, Jane S Hocking, Ben Howden, Melanie Bissessor, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona Bradshaw, Timothy Read, Marcus Chen
Treatment for rectal lymphogranuloma venereum where doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 21 days was used-either alone or together with azithromycin 1 g single dose-resulted in microbiological cure of 97%. These data support doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 21 days as the preferred treatment for rectal lymphogranuloma venereum.
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282651/faster-and-riskier-online-context-of-sex-seeking-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#17
Bolin Cao, Chuncheng Liu, Gabriella Stein, Weiming Tang, John Best, Ye Zhang, Bin Yang, Shujie Huang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Many men who have sex with men (MSM) seek sex partners online, creating barriers and opportunities for human immunodeficiency virus prevention. The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of MSM and the risks associated with seeking sex through websites, gay apps, and both platforms in China. METHODS: Data were collected through a cross-sectional online survey from September through October 2014 from 3 large gay Web portals. Sociodemographic information, sexual behaviors, and online sex seeking behaviors were measured...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282650/benefits-and-potential-harms-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-self-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-an-implementation-perspective
#18
Yilu Qin, Weiming Tang, Amy Nowacki, Katie Mollan, Sarah A Reifeis, Michael G Hudgens, Ngai-Sze Wong, Haochu Li, Joseph D Tucker, Chongyi Wei
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus self-testing (HIVST) holds great promise for reaching high-risk key populations who do not access facility-based services. We sought to characterize unsupervised HIVST implementation among men who have sex with men in China. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide online survey in China. Eligible men were at least 16 years, had anal sex with a man, and had recent condomless sex. We assessed benefits (first-time testing, increased testing frequency, confirmatory testing) and potential harms (coercion, violence, suicidality) of HIVST...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282649/emerging-regional-and-racial-disparities-in-the-lifetime-risk-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-comparative-life-table-analysis-in-king-county-wa-and-mississippi
#19
Galant A Chan, Kendra L Johnson, Nicholas G Mosca, Thomas E Dobbs, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the lifetime risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis among US men who have sex with men (MSM), trends in risk and how risk varies between populations. METHODS: We used census and HIV surveillance data to construct life tables to estimate the cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis among cohorts of MSM born 1940 to 1994 in King County, Washington (KC) and Mississippi (MS). RESULTS: The cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis progressed in 3 phases...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282648/geospatial-planning-and-the-resulting-economic-impact-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-introduction-in-mozambique
#20
Leila A Haidari, Shawn T Brown, Dagna Constenla, Eli Zenkov, Marie Ferguson, Gatien de Broucker, Sachiko Ozawa, Samantha Clark, Allison Portnoy, Bruce Y Lee
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that the distance to the nearest immunization location can ultimately prevent someone from getting immunized. With the introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine throughout the world, a major question is whether the target populations can readily access immunization. METHODS: In anticipation of HPV vaccine introduction in Mozambique, a country with a 2015 population of 25,727,911, our team developed Strategic Integrated Geo-temporal Mapping Application) to determine the potential economic impact of HPV immunization...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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