Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Medical Virology

Zhenqiu Liu, Qiwen Fang, Jialu Zuo, Jun Wang, Yue Chen, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Na He, Tiejun Zhang
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are an important risk group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and at high risk of herpesvirus infection. However, limited information on epidemiologic patterns of HHV8 and HSV2 among MSM is available in mainland China. A cross-sectional study of 486 participants was performed in Shanghai, China from January 2013-December 2014 to explore epidemiologic features of HHV8 and HSV2 among MSM. Serum samples were collected and tested for HHV8 by immunofluoresence assay and HSV2 antibodies by ELISA...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Kangkana Kataki, Parikhit Borthakur, Namrata Kumari, Manab Deka, Amal Ch Kataki, Subhash Medhi
BACKGROUND: During Hepatitis B virus infection, the pathogen sensors Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a role in innate immunity system. AIM: The study aimed to investigate mRNA expression levels of TLR2 and TLR3 in Hepatitis B virus (HBV) mediated chronic hepatitis B (CHB), cirrhosis (CIRR) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to correlate viral load with severity of these diseases and expression of TLRs. METHOD: A total of 180 HBV DNA positive samples were selected for the study...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Lamiaa Mobarak, Dalia Omran, Mohammed M Nabeel, Zeinab Zakaria
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: It is well known that hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops as a consequence of hepatic fibrosis progression. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the inflammatory and fibrosis markers as predictors for HCC development among patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) related chronic liver disease to help in early diagnosis and management of HCC. METHODS: A total of 280 patients with chronic liver disease were included in this retrospective study, out of them 140 had liver cirrhosis with HCC and 140 had cirrhosis without HCC...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Seong Hee Kang, Keunhee Kang, Jong Eun Yeon, Young Sun Lee, Tae Suk Kim, Yang Jae Yoo, Sang Jun Suh, Eileen L Yoon, Young Kul Jung, Ji Hoon Kim, Yeon Seok Seo, Hyung Joon Yim, Kwan Soo Byun
BACKGROUND & AIM: Although the ideal end point for antiviral treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is loss of HBsAg, the typical clinical end points are HBeAg seroconversion in HBeAg-positive patients and long-term DNA suppression in HBeAg-negative patients. We evaluated the long-term antiviral response after cessation of lamivudine treatment in CHB patients. METHODS: A total of 157 patients who had discontinued lamivudine between 1997 and 2014 were enrolled (97 HBeAg-positive and 60 HBeAg-negative CHB patients)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Suifang Ye, David M Whiley, Robert S Ware, Theo P Sloots, Carl D Kirkwood, Keith Grimwood, Stephen B Lambert
Several viruses are associated with gastroenteritis in infants. This pilot study, nested within a larger community-based project of early childhood infections, collected daily symptom data and 511 weekly stool samples from five healthy, fully-vaccinated, term infants from birth until their second birthday. Real-time PCR assays were used to detect six enteric viruses. Frequent, silent shedding of one or more of the six viruses was observed, particularly involving adenovirus where shedding could be for up to 3-months without gastrointestinal symptoms...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Elena S Don, Alexandra G Emelyanova, Natalia N Yakovleva, Nataliia V Petrova, Marina V Nikiforova, Evgeniy A Gorbunov, Sergey A Tarasov, Sergey G Morozov, Oleg I Epstein
The assessment of dose-response is an essential part of drug development in terms of the determination of a drug's effective dose, finding the safety endpoint, estimation of the pharmacokinetic profile and even validation of drug activity, especially for therapeutic agents with a principally novel mechanism of action. Drugs based on released-active forms of antibodies are a good example of such a target. In this study, the efficacy of the antiviral drug Anaferon for children (released-active form of antibodies to interferon-gamma) was tested in a dose-dependent manner (at doses of 0...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Magdalena Wieczorek, Arleta Krzysztoszek, Agnieszka Ciąćka, Agnieszka Figas
The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic variability of echovirus 6 (E6) isolates from environmental samples and clinical cases of aseptic meningitis from 2006 to 2014. The analysis of the VP1 region showed the extensive diversity (up to 18.8%) and revealed that E6 circulating in Poland belong to four groups. Environmental strains clustered in three groups excepting the 2012 outbreak group, which shows the sudden introduction of new epidemic variant with Asiatic origin. Data from the study established relationships of E6 from Poland with previously characterized strains and confirmed the importance of both clinical and environmental surveillance...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Mori Kohji, Ohnuki Aya, Kanou Fumio, Akiba Tetsuya, Hayashi Yukinao, Shirasawa Hiroshi, Sadamasu Kenji
The contributions of splash from vomiting and the dispersion of dried-up virus from a contaminated floor surface to community gastroenteritis outbreaks caused by Norovirus (NoV) were evaluated, using Feline calicivirus (FCV) as an NoV surrogate. There was no difference in the size distribution of FCV-containing particles around 0.75 µm) collected from a virus-sprayed chamber 1h and 12 h after nebulization. FCV clearly dispersed after hitting a floor surface contaminated with dried virus. These results suggest that NoV can likely form airborne droplet nuclei, and dust may be the main route of infection transmission...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Naoki Shigemoto, Yuri Hisatsune, Yasushi Toukubo, Yukie Tanizawa, Yukie Shimazu, Shinichi Takao, Tomoyuki Tanaka, Mamoru Noda, Shinji Fukuda
Multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays involving fluorescent dye-labeled primers were modified to detect 10 types of gastroenteritis viruses by adding two further assays to a previously developed assay. Then, these assays were applied to clinical samples, which were collected between January 2006 and December 2013. All 10 types of viruses were effectively detected in the multiplex RT-PCR-based assays. In addition, various viral parameters, such as the detection rates and age distributions of each viral type, were examined...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Elena de Planell-Mas, Blanca Martínez-Garriga, Antonio Jesús Zalacain, Teresa Vinuesa, Miguel Viñas
INTRODUCTION: Plantar warts are caused by human papillomaviruses (HPVs) and have been associated with several HPV genotypes. However, there are few studies focused exclusively on plantar warts. In this work, we aim to identify the HPV genotypes of plantar warts and explore their relation to demographic and clinical characteristics of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 72 patients diagnosed with plantar warts were recruited at the Laser unit at Podiatric Hospital, University of Barcelona, Spain...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Aksara Thongprachum, Pattara Khamrin, Ngan Thi Kim Pham, Sayaka Takanashi, Shoko Okitsu, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Niwat Maneekarn, Satoshi Hayakawa, Hiroshi Ushijima
Multiplex RT-PCR method using five sets of panel primers was developed for the detection of diarrheal viruses, including rotavirus A, B, and C, adenovirus, astrovirus, norovirus GI and GII, sapovirus, Aichi virus, parechovirus, enterovirus, cosavirus, bocavirus, and Saffold virus. The sensitivity of the method was evaluated and tested with 751 fecal specimens collected from Japanese children with acute diarrhea. Several kinds of viruses were detected in 528 out of 751 (70.3%) fecal specimens. Mixed-infection with different viruses in clinical specimens could also be effectively detected...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Suliman M Al Humayed, Awad A El-Mekki, Ahmed A Mahfouz
The aim was to study the seroprevalence of HCV infection and related risk factors in Aseer region, south-western Saudi Arabia, the region known to be of the highest endemicity of viral hepatitis. In a cross-sectional study, all particiapants were interviewed using structured questionnaire. HCV infection was diagnosed using fourth-generation ELISA. All positive and equivocal HCV serology results were further confirmed by utilizing a qualitative confirmatory RT-PCR. The study enrolled 10,234 persons. A seroprevalence of 2...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Xinhui Wang, Ming Hu, Feifei Xing, Mengyuan Wang, Bing Wang, Dongmeng Qian
Glioblastoma (GBM) are the most common and aggressive tumors of human brain. Recent studies showed that human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can induce malignant transformation of tumor cells to maintain stemness. Transcription factor 5 (ATF5) is an anti-apoptotic protein that is highly expressed in malignant glioma. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of HCMV infection on the stem cell makers of U251 cells. U251 cells were infected by AD169 HCMV strain (MOI = 1). The expression of stem cell makers (CD133, NES, Notch1) in infected U251 cells were compared with the expression in uninfected U251 cell to see the difference between them...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Rajneesh Kumar, Barbara Testoni, Judith Fresquet, Tony Kiat Hon Lim, Ying Hao, Hui Hui Tan, Wan Cheng Chow, Fabien Zoulim
: Hepatitis B is leading cause of liver related morbidity in Asia with predominant genotypes B and C in East-asia. Data on Serum, intrahepatic viral-markers and long-term follow-up of prevalent genotypes (GT) B and C in patients with biopsy proven advanced fibrosis is sparse. AIMS: To compare serum, intrahepatic viral-markers and development of Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) in GT-B and C in patients with advanced fibrosis (Ishak≥4) METHOD: 63 treatment-naïve patients identified with advanced fibrosis on liver-biopsy performed between 1998-2000 at Singapore-General-Hospital...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Yong Yang, Han Cheng, Hui Yan, Peng-Zhan Wang, Rong Rong, Ying-Ying Zhang, Cheng-Bo Zhang, Rui-Kun Du, Li-Jun Rong
Emerging viruses such as Ebola virus (EBOV), Lassa virus (LASV), and avian influenza virus H5N1 (AIV) are global health concerns. Since there is very limited options (either vaccine or specific therapy) approved for humans against these viruses, there is an urgent need to develop prophylactic and therapeutic treatments. Previously we reported a high-throughput screening (HTS) protocol to identify entry inhibitors for three highly pathogenic viruses (EBOV, LASV, and AIV) using a human immunodeficiency virus-based pseudotyping platform which allows us to perform the screening in a BSL-2 facility...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Walter N Dehority, Megan M Eickman, Kurt C Schwalm, Stephen M Gross, Gary P Schroth, Stephen A Young, Darrell L Dinwiddie
Unbiased, deep sequencing of a nasal specimen from an otherwise healthy 13 month-old boy hospitalized in intensive care revealed high gene expression and the complete genome of a novel isolate of KI polyomavirus (KIPyV). Further investigation detected minimal gene expression of additional viruses, suggesting that KIPyV was potentially the causal agent. Analysis of the complete genome of isolate NMKI001 revealed it is different from all previously reported genomes and contains two amino acid differences as compared to the closest virus isolate, Stockholm 380 (EF127908)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
A Lopes-João, J R Mesquita, R de Sousa, M Oleastro, C Penha-Gonçalves, M S J Nascimento
Gastroenteritis is considered a major illness within the military settings being caused by foodborne enteric pathogens that are particularly easily spread in the crowded conditions of military camps. Gastroenteritis outbreaks caused by norovirus usually affect a great number of soldiers due to the low infectious dose, copious viral shedding and environmental stability. The present study describes the investigation of an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis that occurred in April 2015 in a Portuguese army base, focusing on the study of the epidemiological curve, symptoms experienced by the affected soldiers, and results of food, water and stool microbiological analysis...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Sunil R Vaidya, Deepika T Chowdhury
The Government of India is accepted to participate in the measles elimination and rubella control goal 2020, hence genetic characterization of measles viruses (MeV) becomes essential. At National Reference Laboratory (National Institute of Virology, Pune), the throat swabs/urine specimens (n = 380) or PCR products (n = 219) obtained from the suspected measles cases were referred for the molecular testing and subsequently, MeV nucleoprotein (N) gene sequencing/genotyping. In addition, 2,449 suspected measles cases, mainly from the Maharashtra state were referred for the laboratory diagnosis...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
M Weiss, G Daeschlein, A Kramer, M Burchardt, S Brucker, D Wallwiener, M B Stope
Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) has been repeatedly identified to bear powerful microbicidal efficacy on bacteria including multidrug resistant organisms and fungi on non-living surfaces, in biofilms as well as on contaminated and infected tissues. CAP furthermore was found to stimulate wound healing in chronic wounds and exerted anti-neoplastic effects on numerous tumor entities. Thus, CAP represents a promising medical tool for many clinical and therapeutic issues. Studies about CAP effects on virus particles recently were in arrears, but to date increasingly move into the focus of interest...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Wen Jing Li, Hong Xing Xu, Zhao Hua Chen, Wei Dong Xu, Yuan Jian Wu
Human papillomavirus infection is a major health problem and caused substantial benign and malignancy diseases among female and male worldwide. We aim to investigate the epidemiology of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and related diseases in Suzhou population. As well as evaluating the potential benefit of a nine-valent HPV vaccine (regardless of HPV-6 and -11) in Suzhou. A total of 40,108 people aged 13-89 years were retrospectively examined by database retrieval from 2010 to 2015. Thirteen genotypes (16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, and 66) of HR-HPV were detected using Tellgenplex™ xMAP™ HPV DNA Test assay...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"